Military Review

Ka-52KM: possible modernization of "Katran"

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Ka-52K in its current configuration. Photo "Russian Helicopters"


Not so long ago, it was reported about the completion of tests of the Ka-52K Katran carrier-based attack helicopter and the start of flights of the new Ka-52M ground attack helicopter. Now it has become known about plans to develop another modification of this machine, intended for marine aviation... Such a helicopter is still being discussed under the unofficial name Ka-52KM.

Works and plans


Andrey Boginsky, General Director of the Russian Helicopters holding, spoke about the prospects of the Ka-52 attack helicopter family in an interview with RIA News, published on September 29th. The head of the organization spoke about both current work and plans for the future.

A. Boginsky recalled the recent completion of development work on land and sea modifications of the Ka-52. In particular, the sea "Katran" passed the entire cycle of tests at the airfield and part of the checks on ships. Due to some unnamed reasons, the tests on the ships were not fully completed. Right now, work is underway to create a new Ka-52M helicopter. Receipt of the letter under this contract is planned for 2022.

Russian Helicopters take into account the specifics of development fleet... This year, the laying of two new universal amphibious assault ships capable of carrying attack helicopters took place. The holding believes that by the time these UDCs appeared in 2025-26. a new ship-based helicopter should be ready.

A. Boginsky recalled that the appearance of the base Ka-52 and the ship's Ka-52K coincided as much as possible, with the exception of "chilling" - a set of measures to ensure operation in specific conditions. The development of the land helicopter continues, and its creators propose to create a unified maritime machine on its basis.


Folding helicopter wing. Photo Vitalykuzmin.net

Development work on the Ka-52KM helicopter has not yet been launched, but the Defense Ministry understands the need to launch it. Now the military and aircraft manufacturers are discussing various issues before starting real work. One of the goals of these activities is to achieve readiness for deliveries within the time frame specified by the customer.

Marine features


The basic Ka-52 "Alligator" is an attack helicopter capable of engaging a wide range of ground and air targets using a variety of guided and unguided weapons. The ship's Ka-52K "Katran" differs from it in a number of design features and combat capabilities - taking into account the specifics of operation and combat use in naval aviation.

The main difference between "Katran" is the presence of mechanisms for folding the blades of the carrier system and wings. The consoles and blades rotate backward along the tail boom, which sharply reduces the diameter of the helicopter and allows it to be stored in the confined space of the ship's hangar. The planes are shortened and have only four suspension points. The chassis is reinforced to increase the allowable vertical landing speed. In addition, anti-corrosion treatment of metal parts has been introduced, which makes it possible to obtain the desired resource even in harsh marine conditions.

In terms of the composition of the onboard equipment, the Ka-52K basically corresponds to the Ka-52, but the electronics have been modified taking into account the specifics of the fleet. In addition, the capabilities of weapons control systems have been expanded. "Katran" can use not only the standard Alligator nomenclature, but also the Kh-31 and Kh-35 anti-ship missiles, as well as unguided bombs.

Land innovations


In August 2020, the first flight of the prototype Ka-52M helicopter, an improved version of the serial Ka-52, took place. This car has not yet been shown openly, but the main innovations have already been announced. Differences from the base helicopter provide an increase in tactical, technical and operational characteristics.


Ka-52K during military trials on board the Admiral Kuznetsov. Photo "Russian Helicopters"

Ka-52M gets new onboard equipment. Taking into account modern developments, the cabin has been redesigned. A new radar with an active phased antenna array and an improved optical locating station were introduced. Improved fire controls, incl. gun aiming mechanisms. The navigation system and the communication complex were replaced. In terms of the range of missile weapons, the Ka-52M is unified with the Mi-28NM.

The rotor blades receive more powerful heating elements that extend the temperature ranges of operation. The chassis has received new wheels with increased load-carrying capacity and wear resistance. Installation of additional fuel tanks is provided. The lighting equipment is based on LEDs.

Thus, the Ka-52M will improve its capabilities to detect, track and attack all major targets. The introduction of new types of weapons will increase the radius and the likelihood of damage. This will significantly simplify the work of pilots. The helicopter itself will be able to operate in a wider range of weather conditions.

Prospects for the Ka-52KM


The head of Russian Helicopters speaks about the need to create a new shipborne helicopter based on the Ka-52M using already proven approaches. The finished car should be "chilled" while maintaining all the basic features and capabilities. This allows us to imagine what a promising Ka-52KM could be.

Such a helicopter will have to receive new on-board equipment with enhanced capabilities, a wider range of weapons, incl. anti-ship, etc. It is obligatory to use a wing and a supporting system of a folding structure. In fact, we should talk about combining the main features of the existing Ka-52M and Ka-52K helicopters with obvious positive consequences.


Project appearance of UDC pr. 23900. Graphics of Zelenodolsk design bureau

Plans for further serial production of the Ka-52KM are apparently not yet available, but some predictions can be made. This technique is proposed to equip the UDC project 23900 under construction. According to known data, each such ship will be able to carry up to 16 helicopters of different types. Accordingly, two ships require at least 32 helicopters. Expansion of plans for the construction of amphibious ships will lead to an increase in the need for helicopters.

This raises questions about the future fate of the Ka-52K project. Back in 2014, the Ministry of Defense ordered 32 such vehicles for operation at the Mistral UDC. These ships were not received, and the built helicopters were eventually sold to Egypt. Now "Katrans" are proposed to be based on the BDK project 11711, one on each, which seriously limits the fleet's needs for such equipment. How this issue will be resolved is unknown.

Construction of the entire series of BDK pr. 11711 will be completed in the coming years. The first two UDC pr. 23900 are expected later, in 2026-27. However, the issues of development and construction of aviation equipment for them should be resolved now so that the ships accepted into the Navy do not stand idle without the necessary helicopters.

On land and at sea


The land-based Ka-52 Alligator attack helicopter has already shown noticeable success. This vehicle is being built in full-scale series and the troops have approx. 120-130 helicopters. The ship modification of the Ka-52K "Katran" has been tested and may soon go into production. In addition, testing of the improved Ka-52M helicopter has begun. It is going to be delivered to the troops after 2022 and it is already known about plans to purchase 114 vehicles.

Thus, the development of the Ka-52 family continues, and the development of the promising Ka-52KM may become a new step in this direction. This project is still under discussion and the contract for the work has not yet been signed. However, its necessity, in general, is obvious. In the near future, a final decision should be made on this project, which will determine the ways of developing naval aviation for the next years.
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  1. Orange bigg
    Orange bigg 2 October 2020 18: 53
    0
    In terms of the range of missile weapons, the Ka-52M is unified with the Mi-28NM.

    Whirlwind-1, Hermes-A, LMUR. Plus the Kh-35U, Kh-31AD, Kh-31PD as I understand it, and certainly the Kh-38 family (up to 80 km). good
    1. abc_alex
      abc_alex 3 October 2020 01: 38
      0
      Quote: OrangeBigg
      Whirlwind-1, Hermes-A, LMUR. Plus the Kh-35U, Kh-31AD, Kh-31PD as I understand it, and certainly the Kh-38 family (up to 80 km).

      The whirlwind is not mass-produced, Hermes is unlikely to ever be installed on helicopters, just like all other models with prohibitive range. Keep in mind that the attack helicopter works on the ground and aims itself. And his aiming range, even with a radar, is no more than 20 km. Therefore, it makes no sense to put missiles with a combat range of 50, 80 or 100 km on helicopters. If without GOS. Here anti-ship missiles with GOS will probably be. But here the question arises with target designation.
      1. Yorgven
        Yorgven 14 November 2020 14: 09
        0
        And you keep in mind that there are two crew members, and for over-the-horizon target designation, you can receive data from drones. In the 21st century, this is called network-centric capabilities.
        1. abc_alex
          abc_alex 22 November 2020 23: 28
          0
          Quote: Yorgven
          And you keep in mind that there are two crew members, and for over-the-horizon target designation, you can receive data from drones. In the 21st century, this is called network-centric capabilities.


          The Ka-52, it seems, does not have a channel for a UAV. The Mi-28 has, I know for sure, and even the drone itself was made for him. But for a range of 100 km, is it not too far for the drone to fly away? 100 km is not a corner to fly. Consider this, an hour of flight for a small craft. 20-30 km, yes, that's understandable. But 50 or even 100 km?
  2. Beregovic_1
    Beregovic_1 2 October 2020 18: 54
    0
    dramatically reduces the diameter of the helicopter and allows it to be stored in the confined space of the ship's hangar.
    The eye was cut. On the merits of the article: the use of "Katrans" on the 22160 project was discussed, but most likely for a specific task. On the UDC, the entire air wing will not consist of them. The fleet is waiting for the Lamprey. The real need for such helicopters is no more than 15-20 vehicles. On the design of the article: obviously a couple of paragraphs are superfluous. Transfusion from empty to empty, paraphrasing what was said earlier, etc. I understand that they pay for the number of signs, but it is better to write 3 small articles instead of 2 such. The quality of the material has dropped. Keep writing, sometimes useful and interesting news slips through)))
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 5 October 2020 09: 22
      +1
      Quote: Beregovyhok_1
      On the merits of the article: the use of "Katrans" on the 22160 project was discussed, but most likely for a specific task.

      Uh-huh ... for the task "well, at least something to arm this "dove of peace" and thereby explain the need for its existence". smile
  3. Bez 310
    Bez 310 2 October 2020 19: 05
    +8
    An attempt to knock out money for another nonsense.
    I suggest a name for this development - "Chimera".
    The Navy doesn't need an attack helicopter, the Navy needs
    anti-submarine and lifeguard.
    1. Fizik M
      Fizik M 2 October 2020 19: 17
      +3
      Quote: Bez 310
      I suggest a name for this development - "Chimera".

      no, this is another SAW of this monsieur
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 3 October 2020 00: 04
        +2
        And he will be smeared again. It’s interesting for me, if a bald man puts a minister on camera with his own hand, will he get anything for it? The question is debatable.
        On and if not on camera, then it is clear that nothing will happen.
        1. Fizik M
          Fizik M 3 October 2020 10: 04
          +3
          Quote: timokhin-aa
          And he will be smeared again.

          well, the "zits-chairman" has already been appointed -

          I recommend to google this "wonderful person" belay
          especially his period of leadership of the ASZ, and the "Nerpa case"
    2. ZEMCH
      ZEMCH 2 October 2020 19: 38
      +4
      Quote: Bez 310
      An attempt to knock out money for another nonsense.
      I suggest a name for this development - "Chimera".
      The Navy doesn't need an attack helicopter, the Navy needs
      anti-submarine and lifeguard.

      I absolutely agree, moreover, in modern design bureaus there is a struggle to increase the budget, and not to improve performance
    3. Leha667
      Leha667 2 October 2020 19: 43
      +5
      Frantically plyusuyu!
      PLO completely failed. Both at sea and in the air. This is obvious to everyone, even sailors, but there is zero movement in this direction. Some kind of surrealism ...
      1. garri-lin
        garri-lin 2 October 2020 20: 33
        +1
        Why zero. They decided to develop Lamprey over there. True, as many as five, FIVE 5 YEARS decided. They say after another 5 it can hang. And then 5 and fly.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Fizik M
          Fizik M 3 October 2020 10: 06
          +2
          Quote: garri-lin
          FIVE 5 YEARS deciding

          SAW
          and, by the way, who is developing the complex for the Lamprey?
          Oh yes an office that DOES NOT HAVE ANY EXPERIENCE IN DEVELOPING SUCH COMPLEXES AT ALL
          but which Kozhin (com MA) appointed "head of the subject" (and where Kozhin himself leaves at the end of this year after his dismissal)
          1. garri-lin
            garri-lin 3 October 2020 13: 42
            0
            In the case of kipish, it will be necessary for those office to tape them to their complexes. To improve performance. And so that from now on it was discouraging.
  4. Fizik M
    Fizik M 2 October 2020 19: 16
    +7
    what is "embedded"? AFAR?
    Does anyone believe in this Lying LUBOK?
    for reference - what the article is about - another SCAM Zaslon JSC
    see for example
    https://neva.versia.ru/glava-peterburgskogo-oboronnogo-predpriyatiya-zaslon-okazalsya-krupnym-korrupcionerom

    "Zaslon" does not have ANY actually completed and completed ROC, NOT ONE
    ALL work on aviation AFAR was thwarted!
    AFAR on the IBMK still "could not" ensure the shooting down of a single air target, even at surface targets, the shooting was only at SIMULATED
    see a series of articles on naval corvettes
    there the scale of this "bottom" is fully disclosed!
    1. tlauicol
      tlauicol 3 October 2020 04: 10
      0
      This article is needed on VO to wash rose-colored glasses. Throw off to moderators
  5. Angry
    Angry 2 October 2020 19: 53
    -3
    Can you make a PLO version of it? Instead of the outdated Ka-27?
    1. frog
      frog 2 October 2020 20: 43
      +2
      And DLRO and a tanker and a flying state hospital ...
  6. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 2 October 2020 20: 42
    +1
    What, willingly or unwillingly, rushes into thought ...! A number of weapons, barely entering the troops. "suddenly" begin to "modernize"! And what can "thinking" say? That these "products" are being adopted in a "raw" (unfinished) state! And when it turns out in the troops that these "products" are "shikos-nakos and with a bow on the side," they begin to "announce" modernization! Since the development pennies have already been "mastered", the "modernization" is a reason to ask for a penny! (Mi-28N / Mi-28NM, Ka-52 / Ka-52M, Ka-52K / Ka-52KM ...)
    1. timokhin-aa
      timokhin-aa 3 October 2020 00: 06
      +3
      This is not a modernization, this is just a budget development scam and nothing more.
  7. bars1
    bars1 2 October 2020 23: 14
    -2
    Quote: Nikolaevich I
    A number of weapons, barely entering the troops. "suddenly" begin to "modernize"

    You should at least read on the Internet about the history of certain samples of military equipment (for example, the same MiG-21) so as not to write such nonsense and not be disgraced!
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 3 October 2020 12: 00
      +1
      It is a pity that you, while composing an answer, do not turn on the "smart" ... The history of this or that "technical product" can be purely individual ... You can find examples of successful developments when the "product" adopted for service serves "faithfully" "many years before the" planned "modernization ... often it is a" deep modernization "of the previous model, well studied in the troops ... It is not uncommon when a" raw "(unfinished)" product "is adopted for service! And here there may be different reasons! The first is the so-called "hidden" flaws, when it is not possible to identify such flaws due to the conceptual novelty of developments, the implementation of the latest (previously not used ...) design solutions ... Such a "product" is removed from service or is being finalized (" being modernized ") ... Second ...: when the chief designer, leading engineers are" aware "of design flaws, but go for forgeries, hide the flaws, so that their" product "is accepted into service and as soon as ... footpegs "rival KB. The reasons are well known and commonplace: 1. money, leadership, fame .... 2. do not have time to eliminate the shortcomings ... But the root cause is point 1! So, you dug something "finely" with the MiG-21! One could "recall" the undercover struggle of aircraft designers in the late 30s and early 40s, despite the "presence" of strict Stalin and severe Beria ... As for the Kamov and Mil helicopters, information about certain shortcomings, flaws, about the concealment of these, sometimes ... about the confrontation of the KB, has appeared on the Internet repeatedly in recent years ...
  8. timokhin-aa
    timokhin-aa 3 October 2020 00: 02
    +5
    A new radar with an active phased antenna array and an improved optical locating station were introduced.


    And now about it in Russian. watch your hands.
    1. JSC Za ** he, using its usual methods punishable by the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation, essentially carries out a raider seizure of the topic of modernization of the Ka-52
    2. Soon their "crafts" will be used on the first experimental helicopters, which will lead to the loss of their combat effectiveness.
    3. The Ministry of Defense, having no power to deal with Za ** on, will simply pretend that this is how it should be - the money has been spent, the work has not been done, nothing special. Earlier, the Ministry of Defense For ** he had already thrown his face into the mud with the Dart ROC, when at first 800
    with a million rubles for the ROC, then nothing was given in return, and the Chief Military Prosecutor's Office was explained that now who needs the money and she should wipe herself off and shut up.
    And she rubbed herself off and shut up
    Then the Ministry of Defense, the same office carried corvettes on the ground, at the same time demonstrating the impossibility of bringing the "Thundering" radar into a combat-ready state and forcing the Ministry of Defense to buy a bunch of the same unfit for new complexes for the next corvettes in the series.
    The Ministry of Defense here almost also ate almost everything, only with the acceptance of the "Thundering" while the slippage continues.
    As a last resort, director Za ** she will hire a killer for the most stubborn, and that’s where it’s over.
    And such precedents WERE ALSO, and the law enforcement bodies of the Russian Federation EATED THIS. Because the director Za ** she is a person to whom no one decree at all, they generally send some kind of Putin in three letters, there is no question of the legislation of the Russian Federation. It is not clear how this brigade settled down like this, but now it got a job.

    The fate of the Ka-52 in our country will be sad. As well as the Su-34, which they will also "modernize" using the same methods.
  9. bars1
    bars1 3 October 2020 01: 14
    +1
    Quote: timokhin-aa
    The fate of the Ka-52 in our country will be sad.

    Well, for the Ka-52 there is a crossbow on the Mi-28NM. Such a flawed unification inevitably ... But with the Su-34, yes.
    1. abc_alex
      abc_alex 3 October 2020 01: 30
      0
      You are confusing something. The "Crossbow" radar cannot be installed on the Mi-28M. And the radar for the 28th is generally done by another developer.
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 6 October 2020 16: 40
        0
        AFAR announced for Mi28NM and Ka52M
        1. abc_alex
          abc_alex 19 October 2020 01: 36
          0
          Quote: Zaurbek
          AFAR announced for Mi28NM and Ka52M

          Who?
          1. Zaurbek
            Zaurbek 19 October 2020 06: 52
            0
            According to the publication, serial Ka-52 helicopters, currently supplied to the armed forces, are armed with a dual-band coherent-pulse radar station "Arbalet", which provides reliable detection of ground objects like "bridge" at a distance of up to 32 kilometers, and various air targets - at a distance of up to 15 kilometers. The new Rezets radar with a fixed AFAR on 640 transceiver modules provides detection of a bridge-type target at a distance of up to 100 kilometers, a destroyer-class ship at 150 kilometers, and air targets at a range of 50 kilometers. Moreover, the new radar weighs 10 kg less than the "Crossbow" - 120 kg instead of 130.
            1. abc_alex
              abc_alex 20 October 2020 18: 59
              0
              Quote: Zaurbek
              As the newspaper writes, serial Ka-52 helicopters

              I'm not talking about that. About the Crossbow about the Ka-52, I know. But you wrote
              Quote: Zaurbek
              AFAR for Mi28NM

              As far as I know, it is impossible to put the Crossbow on the Mi-28. Moreover, the Phazotron with Mile does not work at all. The radar station for the Mi-28 is being built in Ryazan.
              So I am about this and ask who announced the AFAR for Mi-28... In theory, the only line in Russia for the production of elements for AFAR is operating in Ryazan. And I thought, maybe you know something about the development of Ryazan for the Mi-28M.
              And the Crossbow is only for the Ka-52.
              1. Zaurbek
                Zaurbek 20 October 2020 20: 19
                0
                New radar "Rezets" with a fixed AFAR for 640 transceiver modules
                1. abc_alex
                  abc_alex 23 October 2020 01: 41
                  0
                  I'm not talking about the Ka-52. Everything about him is clear, there is an "empty" nose, shove what you want. I'm talking about the Mi-28M.
                  1. Zaurbek
                    Zaurbek 23 October 2020 15: 25
                    0
                    And they promised to unify it with the Ka52M.
                    1. abc_alex
                      abc_alex 25 October 2020 20: 01
                      0
                      Quote: Zaurbek
                      And they promised to unify it with the Ka52M.

                      :)
                      You do not perceive the situation correctly. Not the Mi-28 is being unified with the Ka-52, but the Ka-52 is trying to unify the entire road, or rather to reach the Mi-28. Since a full-fledged combat complex from the Ka-5x did not work out. The Kamovites did not "shoot" the concept of a one-seater attack helicopter, and the bet on the Vikhr ATGM did not work. So today the Ka-52 is the Mi-28, but with a coaxial design. Accordingly, the Ka-52 does not have its own weapons complex. He will completely transfer it from the Mi-28. From time to time they show how he flies with Whirlwind, but "to work" he goes with Sturm.
                      As for the radar, the Phasotron station is located strictly in the nose. And the Mi-28 has a movable turret. And the military really like it. This was not thought up out of a hangover, but was made on the experience of using the strike versions of the Mi-24 in Afghanistan. It is impossible to place the radar there, next to it - vibrations during firing interfere with it. Yes, and Phazotron zas ... l in due time to deal with this topic. Therefore, it is technically impossible to install a single radar in both vehicles. In the Mi-28, it can only have a nad-sleeve. And the Ka-52 will always be classic. Today the situation is as follows:
                      the Mi-28NM already has a radar, and a new weapon complex has been assembled for its capabilities. There are both classic remote-controlled missiles of increased power, and new self-guided missiles, created on the basis of aircraft. The whole complex is tied to the Ryazan radar station. And this radar is unique and no one in Russia does anything like that. Therefore, if someone makes the 28th radar with AFAR, then most likely the same Ryazan people. And it will definitely NOT be a Ka-52 station.
    2. Fizik M
      Fizik M 3 October 2020 09: 44
      +1
      Quote: bars1
      Well for the Ka-52

      there you need to put the Phasatron PFAR
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 20 October 2020 20: 19
        0
        New radar "Rezets" with a fixed AFAR for 640 transceiver modules
  10. bars1
    bars1 3 October 2020 02: 01
    +1
    Quote: abc_alex
    You are confusing something. The "Crossbow" radar cannot be installed on the Mi-28M. And the radar for the 28th is generally done by another developer.

    I confess I was wrong. On the Ka-52 radar "Crossbow" developed by Phazotron-NIIR, and on the Mi-28NM radar "N025", the GRPZ works. But both with ancient parabolic antennas. So there will be another "zoo" (although it would be and with "Zubets", Russian "tradition" after all!), but this time it will contain "relic animals"
    But what about the "Barb" ... Hope dies last. What else can we do but hope?
  11. bars1
    bars1 3 October 2020 02: 04
    +1
    Quote: timokhin-aa
    As well as the Su-34, which they will also "modernize" using the same methods.

    Do you have exact information that they will develop / modernize the Su-34 radar?
    1. Fizik M
      Fizik M 3 October 2020 09: 42
      +2
      Quote: bars1
      Do you have exact information that they will develop / modernize the Su-34 radar?

      YES
      and moreover, to maintain and repair the "boards" of previously released ones - also
      WITH THE TOTAL LACK OF SPECIALISTS, STANDS, EXPERIENCE for this ...
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 3 October 2020 12: 04
        0
        Still, the source of SUCH power is not clear. "Just a bandit and a raider" would have been slammed long ago.
        And here it is real - at least kick Putin in the ass, at least shoot at the general director of Morinformsistema-Agat, even put the whole fleet on the line, steal and kill without hiding - AND NOTHING ...
        1. Fizik M
          Fizik M 3 October 2020 12: 15
          +1
          Quote: timokhin-aa
          CEO Morinformsistema-Agat shoot

          it didn't come to this (he "understood everything" in time)
          although the St. Petersburg newspapers of that time ("we decided in a civilized manner in the courts" laughing ) it was funny to read
          1. timokhin-aa
            timokhin-aa 3 October 2020 13: 20
            0
            The question still exists.
  12. fa2998
    fa2998 4 October 2020 15: 16
    0
    Quote: ZEMCH
    modern design bureaus are fighting to increase the budget,

    An aircraft (helicopter) project has two ways: either after testing it into serial production (money goes to the plant), or they immediately start developing a new modification, and so on ad infinitum. The money remains in the design bureau.
    I think Russia has chosen the second way. How many machines have already been created on the "Armata" platform, how many on the basis of the Ka-52. Can you still continue? And in the army, let them fly on the Mi-8, for now.
  13. storm
    storm 14 November 2020 14: 52
    -1
    No need to "reinvent the wheel"
    For the ground forces, the Mi-28 NM has already been developed and is being mass-produced, which is needed in the amount of 400-450 units. for the formation of 12 regiments and 4 brigades of army aviation.
    Already released 120 units. The Ka-52 needs to be modernized and transferred to the coastal defense corps, forming helicopter regiments and separate squadrons there
    To the Pacific Fleet and Northern Fleet, transfer two Ka-52M squadrons (40 units) to the Black Sea Fleet and BF, one squadron (20 units).