Modern submarines, despite their small numbers, pose a disproportionate threat that has long come from more than just the torpedoes they carry. Fighting them with the old methods has become meaningless.
The fleet is smaller but more powerful
As noted by Ministry of Defense of Germany, submarines pose an invisible danger even to major maritime powers.
They are very difficult to find, they tie up resources - ships, helicopters, airplanes, which because of this become inaccessible for other operations [...] The more modern they become, the greater the danger they come from, even from individual submarines
- indicates the German military department.
With the development of military technology, the combat potential of submarines increases significantly, which allows maintaining the balance of power, despite the reduction in the number of submarines.
From the point of view of the Western alliance, this means: even if the number of Russian submarines has decreased since the end of the Cold War, the remaining ones, including the newly minted ones, are on average much more powerful than the old Soviet ones.
- believes the Ministry of Defense of Germany, pointing out that the activity of submarines of the Russian Navy has increased significantly since 2014.
So, in December 2019, ten submarines simultaneously participated in maneuvers in the North and Barents Seas.
This is an exceptional concentration, only because 58 Russian submarines fleet distributed over four seas distant from each other
- note the German military.
According to the FRG Ministry of Defense, the purpose of the exercises conducted by the Russian Navy is to train penetration deep into the Atlantic. In the past, submarines in the North Sea were largely responsible for forward defenses, protecting strategic missile submarines further northeast. However, today this area has become a staging ground for the offensive.
This transformation was caused by a change in the main caliber of Russian submarines: now they are not torpedoes, but long-range cruise missiles. As explained by the German military department, the "Calibers" launched by "Ashes" west of Norway will reach any point along the entire coast of the North Sea, including strategically important transshipment ports such as Bremerhaven or Rotterdam.
Russia demonstrated the capabilities of this missile in 2015, when ships from the Caspian Sea fired at territories in Syria with its help.
- explains the Ministry of Defense of Germany, supporting the conclusion of the Hudson Institute, whose experts recommend refraining from large-scale defense:
Instead of trying to drive out submarines […], the center of gravity should be shifted to offensive operations in order to prevent the deployment of enemy submarines in launch locations.