Military Review

Invisible novelty. Nameless airbag for airborne forces

46

Buggy for the Airborne Forces at the Army-2020 forum in Kubinka. Source: rusarmy.com


False modesty


As you know, in the triune combination of mobility, armor and firepower, it is impossible to achieve a high development of all parameters together. One can only grope for the optimum point. However, if you sacrifice one of the parameters, the rest can increase many times. It was according to this recipe that a multipurpose airmobile vehicle was built, which is still called the abbreviation MAA. This is the next generation of a combat buggy, completely devoid of booking, but due to significant relief it is capable of high-speed rally raids and the installation of heavy weapons. In many ways, MAA is the older brother of the widely advertised buggy "Chaborz", developed by order of the Russian Special Forces University in the city of Gudermes. "Chaborz" is actually capable of transporting only equipped soldiers, which seriously limits its combat capabilities against a well-armed enemy. The developer of the MAA initially created the car according to the patterns of the civilian automotive industry, which made it possible to create a fairly universal machine capable of carrying a wide range of weapons. By the way, there is no official information about the developer, but there is every reason to suspect this is the Scientific Research Institute of Communication and Control Systems (NIISSU). On the website of the company, which has a very distant relationship to the automotive industry, there is a very funny section: "Aerobic car". Perhaps they wanted to shorten the long "airmobile car", but in the end it turned out to be a reference to biological organisms that require molecular oxygen to function. The sketches of the "aerobic" car from NIISSU posted on the website are very similar to the IAA car, which the public first met at the Army-2020 forum and the Caucasus-2020 strategic exercises.


It seems that the 120mm mortar overloaded the machine, but the suspension here is only moved to the minimum position relative to the surface. Source: rusarmy.com

The design of the multipurpose airborne vehicle is based on a solid frame, additionally reinforced with a tubular frame. The small size of the buggy is explained by the possibility of transporting the machine on board the Mi-8 AMTSh helicopters. The apparent simplicity of the MAA is deceiving. For example, an independent suspension capable of changing the ground clearance from 320 mm to 120 mm. This is not necessary to lower the silhouette of the buggy, but for smooth loading into the tight cargo compartment of the helicopter. In the maximum suspension position, a fairly squat car will be able to overcome relatively small bumps. In the intermediate position of the suspension, the ground clearance is 270 mm. A four-cylinder turbodiesel ZMZ with a capacity of 142 hp was chosen as the power plant. from. and a working volume of 2,3 liters. According to the developers, a car weighing more than 1,2 tons is capable of accelerating to 150 km / h, while gaining the first hundred in 8,2 seconds. If you can still believe in the value of the maximum speed, then such a rapid acceleration of the MAA must be checked.














Anti-tank multipurpose air transport vehicle. Pay attention to light-alloy wheels and an impressive stock of ammunition for machine guns and missiles for ATGM "Kornet". Source: yuripasholok.livejournal.com

The ambiguity is brought in by the sign, which was located near the car displayed at the "Army-2020". It is not completely clear: 1200 kilograms is the curb weight or the weight of the car with full load. If possible, take on board five equipped fighters, also with a large-caliber machine gun, probably curb weight. In this case, the total mass can be approached already to two tons, and the indicated speed will be extremely doubtful. But with one driver and without weapons, MAA will be able to bypass some Vesta, Rio or Solaris at a traffic light. The developers claim that as an alternative to a manual gearbox, an automatic gearbox can be installed on the MAA. This is definitely a definite plus: the driver will be able to drive the car with one hand in case of injury. But now in the domestic automotive industry there is no automatic gearbox of its own design of this class, therefore, either a foreign analogue or its partially localized version in Russia will be mounted on the MAA. In both cases, the Department of Defense is likely to end up with that luxury in a buggy for the Airborne Forces.

Many-sided novelty


At Army 2020, the IAA was united in two faces. In one version, called MAA-OP, the Kornet anti-tank missile system was installed on the vehicle, and in the second - the Sani 120-mm mortar, which could hardly fit into the cargo compartment of the slender buggy. The engineers managed to create a truly formidable combat unit, capable of airlifting and delivering sensitive dagger strikes behind enemy lines. The self-propelled mortar, in addition to four fighters, carries an ammunition load of 24 minutes. In coordination with the self-propelled anti-tank "Cornets", the landing, reconnaissance and special forces units at the IAA will be capable of much. If you focus on the site of the alleged developer NIISSU, then the machine will be offered to the customer in five more versions, in addition to those described above. Assume a transport 6-seater MAA, an ambulance for one lying wounded, a cargo 2-seater, a technical vehicle and a reconnaissance vehicle for four soldiers of special forces.






Layout solutions presented on the website gp.niissu.ru

Shown on "Army" MAA-OP can additionally be equipped with a circular turret with a large-caliber "Kord" - this particular machine is expected to become the most popular in the army. In addition, the buggy is equipped with a side turret with a PKM, from which the front passenger fighter fires. It's bristling weapons the car is partially equipped with units from the Ulyanovsk Automobile Plant. A close glance will notice the rear lighting equipment from the UAZ-3151 and the Spartan interior fittings from more modern cars from Ulyanovsk. MAA has four-wheel drive, winch, independent suspension and quite serious geometric cross-country ability. The big base of the machine spoils the overall picture somewhat, reducing the machine's capabilities when overcoming irregularities.


MAA in the second version of the "short" version. Exercises "Caucasus-2020". Source: youtube.com




Short-base multipurpose air transport vehicles. Source: bastion-karpenko.ru

But at the Kavkaz-2020 exercises, several buggies with a short wheelbase and stylistic differences from the car presented at the forum in Kubinka flashed. Obviously, these are simplified and lightweight MAA, designed for three crew members and the installation of the Kornet ATGM. It is quite possible that a typical combat unit of the Airborne Forces on such buggies was demonstrated at the exercises. They consisted of four short-base "killers tanks"And one four-seater command vehicle with a heavy machine gun. In a video widespread on the Internet, it is the short MAA that plunges into the cargo compartment of the helicopter. There is no information yet about how well the long version fits.

History with the advent of a multifunctional airmobile vehicle in the media space, it perfectly illustrates all stages of the assessment by the Ministry of Defense of new types of weapons. Initially, the customer is presented with new items at the Army forum, then the best samples are tested in exercises, and then in combat conditions in Syria or the North Caucasus. Therefore, in the very near future, we should expect new informational reasons from a multi-purpose airmobile vehicle. Maybe they will finally decide on the developer.
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 28 September 2020 05: 01 New
    +6
    I have one question? How will we fight in winter? Is there any heater?
    1. Yngvar
      Yngvar 28 September 2020 06: 38 New
      +2
      Heater - just dviglo hug ... And then after warming up!
      As a mobile "battle point" - I think it is justified! Enough "biting"! The only question is - how long is it "mobile"?
      1. vkl.47
        vkl.47 28 September 2020 07: 54 New
        +1
        This is a vehicle for the Southern Military District and for the Syrian theater of military operations.
        1. Maki Avellevich
          Maki Avellevich 28 September 2020 11: 39 New
          +2
          Quote: vkl.47
          This is a vehicle for the Southern Military District and for the Syrian theater of military operations.

          with such a distance between the axes, its place is only on asphalt military theaters

          example.
          1. NOMADE
            NOMADE 28 September 2020 15: 45 New
            0
            Well, this is (pictured) Jeep Wranglere Rubicon. It is just well tailored for the "national" fun, how to climb the rocks. Only in the mud, in Russia, for some reason, it does not feel very well (although according to the characteristics everything is fine), the machine gun dies after good trips, etc. Although the car is obsolete, he himself dreamed of such, but the price tag for it is very non-acidic (
            On the topic, this buggy is needed for the Airborne Forces, and this is a fact. Long, yes, but with its adjustable suspension and departure angles (pay attention to the wheels), weight, cross-country ability will be good for just the same sand, rocky ground, steppes. For the rest of the "roads", there is a native "goat" and "loaf"))
            1. Maki Avellevich
              Maki Avellevich 28 September 2020 18: 27 New
              0
              Life will show.
              But I strongly advise you to choose only manual transmission when buying a jeep.
            2. Inboost wett
              Inboost wett 29 September 2020 04: 30 New
              0
              Oise and "Loaf" are generally suitable for everything. And if so then it is not clear why it is. And yes, a long one is not needed, with an adjustable suspension, all the more so - it is expensive and cannot be repaired in the field. Conclusion machine - shit. The designer is a thief, Shoigu is an accomplice.
              1. Yellow bubble
                Yellow bubble 2 October 2020 11: 26 New
                -1
                Without the new, there will be no old, let them make mistakes, but the designer is not a thief, but Shoigu is a question.
    2. Boris55
      Boris55 28 September 2020 09: 20 New
      +6
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      How will we fight in winter?

      How like ... Button up the sheepskin coat more tightly and in front.

    3. Lopatov
      Lopatov 28 September 2020 09: 47 New
      +2
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      I have one question? How will we fight in winter? Is there any heater?

      Is it warmer on foot?
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 28 September 2020 13: 03 New
        +5
        Quote: Spade
        Is it warmer on foot?

        You will be confused. But yes. When the wind blows 40 km / h in the face, it becomes chilly.
      2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 28 September 2020 17: 30 New
        +3
        Quote: Spade
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        I have one question? How will we fight in winter? Is there any heater?

        Is it warmer on foot?

        At one time I rode in the Urals with a stroller in the winter - nothing good. Similar epithets, only in abusive Russian I heard about military lorries from veterans, both war and labor !!!
        I don’t know about you in the south, but it is advisable to have at least tarpaulin doors and a roof. For normal functioning during hostilities in winter, a small heater and pre-heating for a diesel engine. Domestic theater, military action is wide enough, but having an ashtray for the Crimea and Krasnodar Territory is a dubious pleasure.
        Especially considering that in our south, it also hollows up to -10. I will not say anything about the Urals and Siberia, but whoever is ready to ride 30 with a breeze at -100, I sympathize. Sheepskin coat will not do, at least boots, vachegs, woolen muzzle and hat with earflaps. And which Winnie the Pooh will be the fighter?
        1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 28 September 2020 19: 01 New
          +2
          Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
          Similar epithets, only in abusive Russian I heard about military lorries from veterans, both war and labor !!!

          remembered the Big Race all of a sudden ....))
        2. Mister X
          Mister X 28 September 2020 21: 35 New
          +3
          Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
          it is advisable to have at least tarpaulin doors and a roof

          hi
          At least lateral support


          In the hands of the soldier - a machine gun of the Stoner system.
          Forgot to insert these photos into my article repeat
      3. Doliva63
        Doliva63 28 September 2020 17: 51 New
        +2
        Quote: Spade
        Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
        I have one question? How will we fight in winter? Is there any heater?

        Is it warmer on foot?

        If the pace is good, then you can sweat. laughing
  2. Asad
    Asad 28 September 2020 05: 13 New
    +1
    Not cozy without doors! Will the body armor be hung in the opening?
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 28 September 2020 06: 02 New
      +3
      aerobugs
      winked specially trained person, he comes up with names or something ...
    2. Xenofont
      Xenofont 28 September 2020 11: 07 New
      0
      On the 1st and 3rd photos on the roof, some kind of rolls lie. Can there be doors? If there is a roof, then the doors suggest themselves.
      1. Maki Avellevich
        Maki Avellevich 28 September 2020 18: 47 New
        +3
        Better than this unkillable donkey, I didn't roll anything
  3. Mikhail Zakharov
    Mikhail Zakharov 28 September 2020 05: 15 New
    +1
    on such only in Syria to fight there is always warm
  4. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 28 September 2020 05: 59 New
    -1
    The concept is correct, but the execution ... As for me, there are questions. This is a variable ground clearance (complication of the design, and 320 mm is not so much) and some body kit elements.
  5. KVU-NSVD
    KVU-NSVD 28 September 2020 07: 50 New
    +4
    In my opinion, doors are needed. At least frame made of tarpaulin. Then, in winter, at least some kind of heating from the stove is possible, protection against icing of the form in case of wet snow, freezing rain and dirt from under the wheels, and there will be no need to swallow dust when following the column along unpaved roads. Ground clearance of 320 is still too small on the intersection. Thick, comfortable backs on the harnesses are not needed - they eat up the distance for the legs of tall fighters and make the structure heavier - you can make tarpaulin like folding tourist chairs, at the same time you can think of their quick transformation into a couch for additional possibility of evacuating the wounded, if the requirements of airmobility allow, it is worth removing the adjustable clearance to simplify the design. Need a kenguryatnik or at least protection of lighting equipment. Better diesel engine. We need removable baskets for the property and tactical backpacks of the fighters. We need a closed commander's version for three with communication means (satellite, HF, VHF). You need puncture-resistant tubeless tires and it is better to have two reserves.
  6. Alexander X
    Alexander X 28 September 2020 08: 18 New
    +3
    I have one question? How will we fight in winter? Is there any heater?
    Snowmobiling all day is for people to enjoy. And this machine will be more closed. And it is for moving, not for living. Blowing warm air from the engine to the crew's legs - to stretch 2 corrugations ... IMHO
    1. GTYCBJYTH2021
      GTYCBJYTH2021 5 November 2020 06: 56 New
      0
      Quote: Alexander X
      I have one question? How will we fight in winter? Is there any heater?
      Snowmobiling all day is for people to enjoy. And this machine will be more closed. And it is for moving, not for living. Blowing warm air from the engine to the crew's legs - to stretch 2 corrugations ... IMHO

      But you will not start riding a snowmobile on sand and asphalt, unless for fun (stupidity) ... hi
  7. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 28 September 2020 08: 27 New
    +5
    It is necessary to send the designers of such handicrafts to Syria, so that he would drive there in front of the barmaley on his brainchild.
  8. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
    Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 28 September 2020 08: 36 New
    +1
    but due to significant relief, capable to high-speed rally-raids

    what time ...
  9. garri-lin
    garri-lin 28 September 2020 09: 00 New
    0
    Why heating and so on. Open platform. Maximum soft roof from the rain. For such an 82mm mortar with an MSA from Drok asks. Surveillance device, on a subway bar 3 high. For intelligence. The main plus of such a machine will be inexpensive. And that means mass in the army. Replacing the UAZ. The main thing is that the permeability is at the level.
    1. NOMADE
      NOMADE 28 September 2020 15: 48 New
      0
      That's right, but about not expensive. Everything is relative, it will obviously be more expensive than the UAZ (
      Variable ground clearance, diesel, winch, well, and obviously not that kind of series .. As a result, the price will clearly not be lower, at least
      1. garri-lin
        garri-lin 28 September 2020 16: 03 New
        0
        Well, with respect to the same tiger, the price will obviously be lower. And lighter weight, which means passable.
  10. GRIGORIY76
    GRIGORIY76 28 September 2020 09: 02 New
    +1
    I have a question. If we have a 2.2 liter ZMZ diesel engine, why is it still not on the UAZ?
    1. Ponchik78
      Ponchik78 28 September 2020 18: 03 New
      0
      Was. But it was in poor demand and they stopped putting it on.
  11. Blue fox
    Blue fox 28 September 2020 09: 46 New
    +3
    Well, let's say Syria. Shooting on the move means a pretty penny into the white light. He stopped and became an unprotected target. The shooter in the upper turret is open to the whole world. There are no doors and therefore on the move passengers are ballast clinging so as not to fall out, not arrows. There is no protection against mines at all. Well, the barmaley can afford it with their belief in a bright future among the houris, but ours? It seems to me that if we roll out an analogue of Barmaley pickups, then at least in terms of parameters it should be more efficient. Well, I don't know how in terms of implementation, but it seems to me that a DBM with a rifle-caliber machine gun, unlike a large-caliber one, but stabilized and capable of firing on the move with high accuracy, it would be more effective. Well, some kind of ceramic armor kit should still be ...
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 28 September 2020 09: 53 New
      +6
      Quote: Blue Fox
      Well, let's say Syria. Shooting on the move means a pretty penny into the white light. He stopped and became an unprotected target. The shooter in the upper turret is open to the whole world. There are no doors and therefore on the move passengers are ballast clinging so as not to fall out, not arrows. There is no protection against mines at all.

      But in any case, this is much better than carrying everything on foot, on your own hump.
      Do not forget that the Mi-8 is dragged only by an old UAZ with the awning removed.
      And the Mi-26 in the army only 32 machines

      .
      Quote: Blue Fox
      It seems to me that if we roll out an analogue of Barmaley pickups

      No, this is an analogue of the Soviet UAZ and TPK, used in airborne assault brigades and battalions.

      And then it was easier, because there was also an Mi-6
      1. Blue fox
        Blue fox 28 September 2020 10: 27 New
        0
        this is an analogue of Soviet UAZ and TPK

        Okay, so be it, especially regarding the TPK. In such a niche, there probably is a place to be, then it is better to replace the hanging of weapons with increased protection, at least from medium-sized fragments a la VOG, a hand grenade, a 60-mm mine (although here I probably unreasonably raise the bar), etc. and equip with a standard radio communication device.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 28 September 2020 10: 37 New
          +3
          Quote: Blue Fox
          then it is better to replace the attachment of weapons

          ?
          The function of these machines is the transportation of this particular "suspended"
          And only in case of force majeure, weapons will be used from the machine's swivels

          Quote: Blue Fox
          strengthening protection

          Not enough for everyone. Helicopters.
          Therefore, most of the personnel will stomp on their own two feet.
          And "aerobugs" carry only group weapons, at best with their own calculations.

          Quote: Blue Fox
          equip with a standard radio communication device.

          Desirable but not required.
          It is much more important to provide communication means to the commanders of the group weapons calculations.
          1. Blue fox
            Blue fox 28 September 2020 10: 46 New
            0
            The function of these machines is the transportation of this particular "suspended"

            Yeah, but then we come to the concept of something like a "platoon of heavy weapons" that will move on such buggies and which will then either be used as part of such a "platoon" or be given on a calculated basis as a means of strengthening.
            But such things, of course, need to be worked out based on the availability and composition of helicopters, then it will be possible to think about purely sanitary buggies working in conjunction with medical Mi-8s.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 28 September 2020 15: 56 New
              +2
              Quote: Blue Fox
              Yeah, but then we come to the concept of something like a "heavy weapons platoon"

              laughing
              Only not "platoon", but "platoon"
              And they appeared during the Soviet era.
              1. Blue fox
                Blue fox 28 September 2020 16: 19 New
                0
                Quote: Spade
                Only not "platoon", but "platoon"
                And they appeared during the Soviet era.

                Yes, but then the mixed platoons were a la machine-gun and grenade launchers, as far as I remember, and the rest of the separate ones were anti-tank, grenade launcher, anti-aircraft. Right there, as far as I understand, they want something more universal.
      2. Doliva63
        Doliva63 28 September 2020 18: 14 New
        0
        "But that's much better anyway than carrying everything on foot on your own hump."
        This applies to reconnaissance, but not to DShB / Airborne Forces. Once it was so - remember the companies of deep reconnaissance, for example.
    2. ZEMCH
      ZEMCH 28 September 2020 13: 26 New
      +1
      Quote: Blue Fox
      Well, let's say Syria. Shooting on the move means a pretty penny into the white light. He stopped and became an unprotected target. The shooter in the upper turret is open to the whole world. There are no doors and therefore on the move passengers are ballast clinging so as not to fall out, not arrows. There is no protection against mines at all. Well, the barmaley can afford it with their faith in a bright future among the houris, but ours?


      This is the ILC in Iraq, Operation Iraqi Freedom.
    3. strannik1985
      strannik1985 28 September 2020 14: 30 New
      0
      Well, let's say Syria.

      TakVD is dropped from helicopters, the most common in our country is the Mi-8, this car is loaded into the cabin, at the landing site (transport option) it carries b / k, heavy weapons (AGS, ATGM, mortar on a trailer), personal and group junk, wounded etc. The mobility of the landing is increasing, this vehicle is the development of the UAZ-469, Kraka, LUAZ-967.
  12. Alexfly
    Alexfly 28 September 2020 12: 03 New
    -3
    Havno complete, cut the budget, nothing more ... There is nothing new in the car, assembled on his knees ...
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. prodi
    prodi 28 September 2020 13: 45 New
    -1
    still, probably, doors to the "shoulders" and seat backs (or front and rear partitions) made of aluminum alloys, so that they could hold 7.62x54 from 100m; and a "breaking" frame (together with the body halves), instead of a variable clearance for each wheel
  15. phair
    phair 28 September 2020 15: 16 New
    0
    I rolled over on a Nissan Safari in April (+6 C) but got up on wheels and drove 40 kilomers to Vladivostok. After the first 10 km I began to look for a tow truck, but it was not a passenger car and I did not find it. Very uncomfortable.
  16. senima56
    senima56 28 September 2020 17: 47 New
    0
    An interesting novelty. And then "Tiger" is already boring, as if we have no other developments! Now I would quickly join the troops!
  17. Doliva63
    Doliva63 28 September 2020 18: 33 New
    +1
    Quote: Spade
    It is much more important to provide communication means to the commanders of the group weapons calculations.

    So at the end of the 80s there were already platoon-level communications equipment. Crossbow, sort of. There is an earpiece on the left ear, on the cheek a sucker-microphone (the jackophone was called laughing ) was in simplex mode. True, as you sweat, the sucker fell off. Wipe your cheek, lick the sucker - and you're back in touch laughing