Military Review

Demining installation UR-15 "Meteor" has reached testing

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A promising self-propelled demining unit using an elongated charge with a rocket engine, the UR-15 "Meteor", has been developed and launched for testing. An experimental vehicle of this type is involved in the Caucasus-2020 exercises - it must show its capabilities in a real situation. After completing all the necessary checks, the installation will be able to enter service and replace the well-known UR-77 Meteorite model.


On the way to "Meteor"


The development of new demining installations to replace the UR-77 started a long time ago. At the end of the 93s, at various exhibitions, UR-07 and UR-3 (M) "Re-sorting" products were demonstrated, made on the modified BMP-07 chassis. UR-XNUMX even managed to go into trial operation, but the matter did not progress further.

In June 2018, the Ministry of Defense announced a tender for research and development work on a promising mine clearance facility. R&D worth 75,4 million rubles. should have been completed by November 10 of the same year and submitted a preliminary design of the engineering machine. At the same time, the UR-15 index and the Meteor code became known for the first time.


UR-15 overcomes an obstacle

It was also reported that the Tekhmash concern will develop a new extended demining charge. The product with the code "Razrez" was supposed to replace the existing charges UZP-77 and UZP-83 used by serial installations.

Exercise prototype


For some time, there were no new reports on the progress of work on the "Meteor" and "Razrez". The situation has changed only now, and we are talking about the transition of the project to a new major stage.

On September 21, 2020, the Zvezda TV channel, in a report from the Caucasus-2020 exercise, first showed a prototype UR-15 and disclosed some data about this product. Provides basic technical information. They also showed some procedures for preparing for combat work. The launch of the extended charge has not yet hit the frame.

Testing "Meteor" in the framework of the exercise is carried out at one of the ranges of the Astrakhan region. In conditions as close as possible to real ones, the prototype will have to clear passages in minefields and demonstrate its other advantages.


Electromagnetic trawl and KAZ elements in the bow of the vehicle

design Features


The UR-15 was built on the basis of the BMP-3, which was well mastered by the troops. In this case, only the body, which has undergone a serious revision, and the chassis are used. The combat and airborne compartments were removed, and the power plant and command compartment were seriously rebuilt. Finally, targeted equipment has been added, taking up a significant portion of the released volumes.

The Meteor chassis has received an electric transmission. The diesel is connected to a generator that feeds the traction motors. Batteries are also available to make it possible to drive without a diesel engine. The range on batteries is 3 km. Despite the radical restructuring of the power plant, the UR-15 can show high running and dynamic characteristics.

The vehicle retains an aluminum-steel armored body that protects against small-caliber artillery from the front angles. At the same time, new means of protection of various kinds have been added. On the lower frontal sheet, there are two electromagnetic attachments EMT for protection against mines with magnetic target sensors. On the upper frontal part and on the roof of the hull, characteristic tubes appeared - probably these are the launching devices of the Afghanit active protection complex. On the sides of the hull, on the sides of the launcher, there are two blocks of smoke grenade launchers.


Active module - without machine gun and ammunition box

For self-defense, the UR-15 also carries a remotely controlled weapon station. It is located on the roof of the hull above the control compartment and can be equipped with a PKT machine gun. The shown experienced "Meteor" for unknown reasons does not have a machine gun.

The central and aft parts of the UR-15 hull are allocated for targeted equipment. They have a large compartment for storing extended charges. Judging by the design of the launcher, the vehicle carries 5 such products. In the transport position, the volume for charges is covered by a lifting front cover and the actual launcher.

The launch of the elongated charge is carried out using a solid-propellant rocket launched from an inclined guide. Guides for five missiles are mounted on a swinging part with an armored casing. Horizontal guidance is carried out by turning the entire machine; elevation angle controlled hydraulically

Innovations and benefits


The performance characteristics of the new Meteor installation have not yet been specified. Both the exact weight and size or running parameters, and the characteristics of the rocket system, incl. extended charges. However, even the available data allows us to draw some conclusions about the advantages and prospects of the product.


First of all, you need to pay attention to the original chassis. It is based on the BMP-3 and has an unusual power plant. Due to this base, the UR-15 has significant advantages over the serial UR-77. The main thing is unification with modern samples of army equipment. In addition, "Meteor" is superior to the UR-77 in terms of protection, both due to the design of the armored hull and due to additional means.

The proposed electric transmission with the possibility of energy storage is of great interest. Such systems allow obtaining sufficiently high driving characteristics, and also differ in the presence of additional functions. Thus, the UR-15, unlike the Meteorite or the BMP-3, can move almost silently for some time. This makes it easier to enter the position without attracting the enemy's attention.

"Meteor" carries five missiles with extended charges - against two on the UR-77. Thus, the new SPG can clear more lanes or make a longer pass without reloading. The type of extended charge used is unknown. It is quite possible that a promising charge with improved characteristics was developed for the new engineering vehicle - which will give new advantages over the available equipment.


Launcher with rockets for ejection of elongated charges

Future events


It should be noted that the UR-15 project, with all its advantages, has a number of weaknesses that can affect its results. A promising engineering vehicle uses a fundamentally new power plant, and a new launcher with a new extended charge is also used. Probably modern means of shooting control were used. All of these components need full-scale testing, refinement and refinement.

It cannot be ruled out that certain components of the Meteor will turn out to be overly complex or show some fatal flaws. This can lead to the need for a significant rework of the project or to complete abandonment of it. How long work on improving the design will continue and what will lead to is unknown.

However, so far the situation is conducive to optimism. Apparently, the UR-15 installation has by now passed factory tests, and according to their results, it was allowed to be tested within the framework of real military exercises. It is unlikely that an unsuccessful sample with a mass of fundamental flaws would be sent to maneuvers.

Thus, in the next few years, after the completion of all the necessary measures, the Russian engineering troops can receive a promising demining installation with a number of important features. This will allow starting the process of replacing existing samples, which are of considerable age. In this case, we will talk not only about updating the fleet, but also about increasing the efficiency of use. How soon all this will happen will become known later.
Author:
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shopping mall "Star"
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  1. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 23 September 2020 05: 51
    0
    Does it have analogues in the world?
    1. Private-K
      Private-K 23 September 2020 08: 48
      0
      Quote: Pessimist22
      Does it have analogues in the world?

      Trailer-towed charges are generally preferred.
      However, who is currently in service with them, except for the United States, I do not even know ... Maybe the Britons have remained, but those who have reductions and optimization could have been thrown out ...
      1. Lexus
        Lexus 23 September 2020 19: 23
        +1
        American M1 Assault Breacher Vehicle (M1 ABV) based on the M1 Abrams. There was an article about her.


  2. English tarantas
    English tarantas 23 September 2020 07: 31
    -1
    Ts, how many new camouflages, as if there weren't enough Soviet ones. I saw a photo of this unit, I thought it was Ukrainian in general.
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 23 September 2020 18: 31
      0
      Quote: English Tarantas
      Ts, how many new camouflages, as if there weren't enough Soviet ones. I saw a photo of this unit, I thought it was Ukrainian in general.

      everyone has their own fetishes ...
      1. English tarantas
        English tarantas 24 September 2020 06: 55
        0
        What does fetishes have to do with it? Coloring is one of the methods of identification on the battlefield.
  3. Blue fox
    Blue fox 23 September 2020 08: 44
    +3
    Finally, some progress in terms of improving the security of the machine, which is actually working at the forefront. Hopefully, in addition to KAZ, hinged panels made of ceramic armor, etc. are also being worked out for the possibility of their installation. It is a pity that the aiming is again like that of the "Meteorite" by turning the entire hull, even if at least a partially rotating platform would be much more reliable and there would be no need to expose the sides once again. I liked the possibility of a covert exit to a position on an electric ship.
    1. PSih2097
      PSih2097 23 September 2020 18: 25
      0
      Quote: Blue Fox
      It is a pity that the aiming is again like that of the "Meteorite" by turning the entire hull, even if a partially rotating platform would be much more reliable and there would be no need to expose the sides once again.

      And you wanted to on the mortar (that is, vertical) and then on to the target?
      although I do not think that the range and area have been increased by at least three (as we would like).
      As an ideal - in comparison with the "Gorynych" (UR-77) at least double the performance characteristics data (during BD, you can contact the commander of the MLRS division) ...
  4. Private-K
    Private-K 23 September 2020 08: 46
    0
    UR-07 on the same base chassis carried TWO demining charges. And then already 5. Something turns out a lot. The carrying capacity of the chassis is the same, so the charges have been reduced in weight ... Is this good? Will the quality be preserved?
    However - 5 charges is just an assumption based on a bad photo ...
  5. Alexey RA
    Alexey RA 23 September 2020 09: 17
    +3
    For self-defense, the UR-15 also carries a remotely controlled weapon station. It is located on the roof of the hull above the control compartment and can be equipped with a PKT machine gun. The shown experienced "Meteor" for unknown reasons does not have a machine gun.

    Apparently for the standard reason - "not about ... love". smile
    First of all, you need to pay attention to the original chassis. It is based on the BMP-3 and has an unusual power plant. Due to this base, the UR-15 has significant advantages over the serial UR-77. The main thing is unification with modern samples of army equipment.

    Unification и unusual power plant somehow poorly combined. smile
    Just the UR-77 based on 2S1 in terms of unification has serious advantages -
  6. iouris
    iouris 23 September 2020 09: 28
    -1
    Everything that the Russians do in a single copy, no one can repeat. Problems begin later.
  7. dzvero
    dzvero 23 September 2020 09: 28
    0
    But as I read it, I was thinking - could this principle be applied to mine fairways instead of (or before) trawling?
    1. Blue fox
      Blue fox 23 September 2020 10: 00
      +1
      Quote: dzvero
      But I'm reading and wondering if this principle can be applied to mine fairways instead of (or before) trawling

      Unfortunately no. even if we do not take into account smart sea mines that are resistant to detonation and with a fuse that has a multiplicity of operation, when making a passage on land with such an installation, a passage is formed not only by detonating mines installed by the enemy, but also by throwing them to the sides by the energy of the explosion. Trawls of the knife (plow) type work according to a similar principle, which throw the installed mines to the sides. Therefore, sea mine trawls cannot be replaced in this way, especially in terms of bottom mines, which may not even have minreps. During the Second World War, not because of a good life, sea minefields were treated with depth charges in an attempt to cause them to detonate, but this method was very unreliable.
    2. iouris
      iouris 23 September 2020 10: 33
      -1
      Nizza: cod spawns!
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 23 September 2020 12: 07
      +1
      Quote: dzvero
      But as I read it, I was thinking - could this principle be applied to mine fairways instead of (or before) trawling?

      Have already tried - trawling bottom mines with depth charges (combat trawling). They bombed the fairways and harbors with the aim of detonating mines. The problem is that this is a largely random and extremely costly affair.
      Depth bombing was not always successful. Often dozens, even hundreds, of bombs flew into the water and wasted. And it happened that one was enough ...

      In a relatively short time, we dropped about 400 bombs, destroyed 15 bottom non-contact and 9 floating mines, 26 floating buoys, identified minefields, defused them with control explosions of depth charges.

      Tallinn Harbor Trawling:
      October 14. ... 98 depth charges were dropped. Two bottom mines were exploded.
      October 15th. ... 96 depth charges were dropped. Two bottom mines exploded

      © Mudrak F.B. On trawl tacks.
      In addition, combat trawling did not guarantee the detonation of all mines. Suffice it to recall how many mines were found in the swept through Sevastopol after the Novorossiysk was blown up.
  8. moreman78
    moreman78 23 September 2020 09: 40
    -1
    [quote = Alexey RA] [quote]
    [quote] First of all, you need to pay attention to the original chassis. It is based on the BMP-3 and has an unusual power plant. Due to this base, the UR-15 has significant advantages over the serial UR-77. The main thing is unification with modern samples of army equipment. [/ Quote]
    Unification и unusual power plant somehow poorly combined. smile
    Just the UR-77 based on 2S1 in terms of unification has serious advantages - [/ quote]
    Taking into account the fact that the 2s1 is being phased out from service, and supplies of new BPM-3s are still going on. Either the chassis from the BMP-3 - it is quite reasonable to use the other on equipment (in this case, on engineering)!
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 23 September 2020 11: 56
      0
      Quote: moreman78
      Taking into account the fact that the 2s1 is being phased out from service, and supplies of new BPM-3s are still going on. Either the chassis from the BMP-3 - it is quite reasonable to use the other on equipment (in this case, on engineering)!

      So the chassis is unified, but the engine of the new SD is unparalleled.
  9. Bad_gr
    Bad_gr 23 September 2020 17: 29
    0
    .... An experimental vehicle of this type is involved in the Caucasus-2020 exercises ....

    1. Bad_gr
      Bad_gr 23 September 2020 17: 48
      +1
      For me, this is not one, but two good news.
      The first is a new demining machine (and even with active means of protection, which has always been saved on).
      The second - an electric transmission went to the troops. Let's hope this is just the beginning.
      If you recall the transmission of the BTR-80 (or, God forbid, the BTR-60-70),
      how much it can be simplified, made more compact, arranged units more rationally, improving the living space of the crew and landing force. By the way, the electric transmission based on the BTR-90 was tested.
  10. bars1
    bars1 24 September 2020 11: 35
    0
    In my opinion, the main thing in this news is the electric transmission and batteries that provide 3 km of quiet running. The technology is still developing! And KAZ Afghanit pleases. God forbid, they will screw it on the SERIAL BMP-3. Although knowing the redneck of the RF Ministry of Defense, it is unlikely.
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 25 September 2020 08: 01
      0
      Afghanite is the main thing that needs to be moved ... both to new tanks and to modernized ones.
  11. bars1
    bars1 24 September 2020 11: 42
    0
    Quote: Bad_gr
    By the way, the electric transmission based on the BTR-90 was tested.

    Yes, research work "Krymsk".
  12. Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 25 September 2020 08: 00
    0
    At first it seemed to me that this is a Hermes on a caterpillar track ...
  13. cdrt
    cdrt 26 November 2020 14: 30
    0
    New transmission again, EMT.
    Why, we hate unification so much!
    What a mess in the purchasing authorities.