Military Review

Another story: The version about the substitution of Peter the Great

80

There are several trends in modern historiography besides the one that can be called official. One of these currents calls into question that history Russia, which began to form as a science during the era of the Romanovs. Supporters of this theory believe that the court historians of the Romanov dynasty "tried to wash out of history everything that belonged to the pre-Roman period." Moreover, the assessments of this point of view are opposite. Some consider the authors and propagandists of this idea not quite adequate people, others take their arguments seriously, drawing certain conclusions and trying to answer various historical questions in the “non-Roman” paradigm.


The channel "Chairman of SNT" presents another video with the author's interpretation of history. In this case, the author starts talking about the era of Peter the Great. The material itself is called "The Terrible Secret of Peter the Great."

The author believes that the "Romanov" historians for many years hid from the public the real truth about the history of the Fatherland.

The material contains historical rumors and what the author himself considers historical inconsistencies. The plot begins with the fact that the name Peter was atypical for the then Russian elites, and became the first for the Russian crowned heads. This is really so, but according to the same logic, “something is wrong” with Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, because before him in Russia there were not many in the reign and in the kingdom with Alexei.

The author examines rumors in the plot that Peter could have been a substitute child from a German settlement, in which non-Russian roots eventually leapt, leading to reforms that "burned out everything Russian."

A plot from another story for discussion - with a version of Peter's substitution:

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  1. Ilya-spb
    Ilya-spb 20 September 2020 16: 11
    +2
    Pyotr Alekseevich was real. Nobody changed it.

    Explanation? Too many people knew Peter. And they could find a substitution.

    For example, clerics, priests.
    1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
      Boris ⁣ Shaver 20 September 2020 16: 25
      +3
      Here somewhere there was an article about the horrors of our next "optimization", which this time touched
      specialized institutions designed to work with people who have the same problems as the author of this video. Looks like everything - the consequences of that "optimization",
      1. SRC P-15
        SRC P-15 20 September 2020 17: 39
        +9
        The author examines rumors in the plot that Peter could have been a substitute child from a German settlement, in which non-Russian roots eventually leapt, leading to reforms that "burned out everything Russian."

        It is clear that soon we will have to wait for an article on the site about Putin's substitution. yes
        1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
          Boris ⁣ Shaver 20 September 2020 17: 41
          +1
          Quote: СРЦ П-15
          you have to wait on the site for an article about the substitution of Putin

          But in this question, I would not be so sure what
        2. Captain45
          Captain45 20 September 2020 20: 47
          +5
          Quote: СРЦ П-15
          It is clear that soon we will have to wait for an article on the site about Putin's substitution.

          Why wait, go to the website of Yu.I. Mukhin, you will find out that God forbid at night belay wassat
        3. Zhan
          Zhan 20 September 2020 21: 49
          +3
          Quote: SRC P-15
          The author examines rumors in the plot that Peter could have been a substitute child from a German settlement, in which non-Russian roots eventually leapt, leading to reforms that "burned out everything Russian."

          It is clear that soon we will have to wait for an article on the site about Putin's substitution. yes

          hi
          We have already been, but not here, in the vastness of the orange Internet party ... smile
          This is especially true for our youth and mentally unbalanced individuals .. smile
        4. Sergey M. Karasev
          Sergey M. Karasev 21 September 2020 01: 30
          +2
          Quote: SRC P-15
          The author examines rumors in the plot that Peter could have been a substitute child from a German settlement, in which non-Russian roots eventually leapt, leading to reforms that "burned out everything Russian."

          It is clear that soon we will have to wait for an article on the site about Putin's substitution. yes

          We've already seen similar materials, though not in VO, fortunately.
    2. Mastrer
      Mastrer 20 September 2020 16: 32
      +6
      The clergy of Peter were anathematized, even before he took the bells from them. Parsley had a violent youth, and all life was on fire.
      1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
        Boris ⁣ Shaver 20 September 2020 16: 53
        +9
        Quote: Mastrer
        The clerics of Peter anathematized

        Anafima needs a council proclamation. This is the decision of the church majority. Naturally, the Church, represented by its hierarchs, has never taken such a step. The Church, she, in spite of the nonsense hammered into your head, has always been for the good of Russia, and its hierarchs were far from the stupidest people, quite capable of distinguishing black from white. Peter, even at the dawn of his "career", the Church supported, he took his power, if you remember, under the protection of the walls of the Trinity-Sergius Lavra. In those days, for example, the traitor Mazepa was subjected to Anafima. This is such a surprise, right?
        1. Snail N9
          Snail N9 20 September 2020 17: 06
          0
          The "Chairman" himself says that Peter looked like his father. And in all the portraits he looks like him. And by the way he says that it is only strange that there are no portraits of Peter by Russian painters. However, he is somewhat disingenuous. In fact, there are such portraits - for example, the work of Ivan Nikitin, as well as engravings and his images carved on gems and miniatures. Well, the famous Poltava mosaic by Lomonosov.
          1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
            Boris ⁣ Shaver 20 September 2020 17: 21
            +1
            Quote: Snail N9
            he is somewhat disingenuous

            The high school student is somewhat disingenuous, telling his parents about what he and his friends are planning to do at a classmate's birthday. The flight of thought of the citizen of the "chairman", in my opinion, forces us to use more serious terminology.

    3. mikstepanenko
      mikstepanenko 20 September 2020 18: 47
      +4
      Knew a lot. Wife immediately to the monastery, without even meeting. The retired old confessor has never met. I never tried on all the old clothes from the period before the trip to Amsterdam (and the outfits then could be inherited even from the tsars). All the servants to the last resignation were recruited. Of all those who left for Amsterdam with him, only Menshikov returned, all the rest disappeared (and these are two hundred not ordinary people, but nobles) and only foreigners were surrounded. The newcomer, in a strange way, was little educated and did not know the Russian language; at court later they spoke only German and Dutch. He was sick with tropical fever, which can only be acquired in the tropics. He showed great experience in boarding fights (where did you learn ?, this is a very specific type of combat). You can continue for a long time. The portraits BEFORE and AFTER the trip are different, although there are similarities.
    4. Basil50
      Basil50 20 September 2020 21: 25
      -3
      ilie
      After the poisoning of IVAN THE GROZNY and his family, BORIS GODUNOV was also destroyed.
      The Poles first put a Pole on the throne, and then seated Mishenka Romanov on the throne. How many attempts were made to vpendyurit various impostors to the throne of RUSSIA-RUSSIA? We only know about those who got into the history books. Today in Europe, another candidate for impostors is feeding with her family.
      Have you already forgotten * hump * and how he was dragged into power? Forgot the consequences?
      And after that, they sniff me about * the impossibility of substitution * and other crap, instead of, well, at least somehow sanely consider what was in reality.
      By the way, today scientific titles are given only after approval abroad. Including history.
      1. Aleksandre
        Aleksandre 20 September 2020 21: 46
        +1
        Quote: Vasily50
        Have you already forgotten * hump * and how he was dragged into power? Forgot the consequences?
        And after that, they sniff me about * the impossibility of substitution * and other crap, instead of, well, at least somehow sanely consider what was in reality.

        You, I see, are not at all embarrassed by the fact that the tsar "sent" by the enemies of the country, having nailed both the Turks and the Swedes, made Russia an empire, instilling in it sciences, crafts, art ...
      2. Ingenegr
        Ingenegr 21 September 2020 00: 02
        +4
        Quote: Vasily50
        By the way, today scientific titles are given only after approval abroad. Including history.

        Dear, what country do you live in ?!
        First, there are no scientific titles in Russia. There are academic degrees and academic titles. There is a difference between them - the first is the degree of qualification, and the second is the position. Secondly, the degree is conferred by the Higher Attestation Commission, which in no way harmonizes its decisions with "abroad".
        In general, it is not even clear where such delusional statements as those issued by Vasily come from50. One gets the impression that in Russia it is now fashionable to carry all sorts of blizzard to persons who do not even have a close idea of ​​the subject.
        1. BAI
          BAI 21 September 2020 17: 11
          +1
          There are academic degrees and academic titles. There is a difference between them - the first is the degree of qualification, and the second is the position. Secondly, the degree is conferred by the Higher Attestation Commission, which in no way harmonizes its decisions with "abroad".

          1.
          Academic title is a stage of the qualification system in higher educational institutions and scientific organizations, which allows ranking scientific and scientific-pedagogical employees at certain stages of an academic career.

          Roughly speaking, the academic title "Associate Professor" or "Professor" is awarded to a candidate or (respectively) a doctor who has a certain teaching experience and the required set of publications.
          2. VAK DOES NOT JUDGE Nothing! It (the commission) APPROVES the decision of the scientific council of the organization on the award of a degree (title) (or does not approve).
  2. Hunter 2
    Hunter 2 20 September 2020 16: 17
    +2
    Hmm ... sad scandals, rumors, gossip! A peculiar theme.
    You can treat the personality of Peter 1 as you like, but ... the transformations that he carried out in Russia, at the cost of a lot of blood and upheavals in the way of life, unambiguously brought the Russian State into the leading country of that time, both politically and economically. Plus in military terms - Peter calmed down the Swedes forever, showed the place to the Poles, Turks and many others.
    Peter 1 - built the Russian Empire.
    1. RVAPatriot
      RVAPatriot 20 September 2020 17: 42
      +3
      So they are trying to prove that the Russians can not do anything, but the BOOOT Tsar, allegedly a foreigner-European by birth, could ... How can they belittle the Russian mind, and he shows a figure in response)))
  3. Pavel57
    Pavel57 20 September 2020 16: 24
    +1
    There was a version that Peter was the son of the queen and the Georgian prince. But all the same, the Romanov family was interrupted.
  4. nnm
    nnm 20 September 2020 16: 32
    +6
    An unexpected topic. The pseudo-historian Suvorov with his idiotic opuses has even more to do with history than the authors of such videos.
    1. Reviews
      Reviews 20 September 2020 16: 43
      +2
      Quote: nnm
      An unexpected topic.

      This baida is about the same age as the Rezunov nonsense.
      Or maybe more:

      https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wzrk3OpcLoU
      1. nnm
        nnm 20 September 2020 16: 51
        +1
        Yes, I'm more about the unexpectedness of her appearance on VO.
        1. Reviews
          Reviews 20 September 2020 16: 55
          0
          Quote: nnm
          Yes, I'm more about the unexpectedness of her appearance on VO.

          Ah, got it.
        2. Boris ⁣ Shaver
          Boris ⁣ Shaver 20 September 2020 17: 25
          +3
          Quote: nnm
          the unexpectedness of her appearance on VO

          Recently, there are still not such surprises.
      2. Avior
        Avior 20 September 2020 22: 44
        +1
        More. These tales were circulating during the life of Peter.
  5. Andy
    Andy 20 September 2020 16: 36
    +7
    successfully "changed" - hung the Swedes, built the fleet. in fact, he broke through the blockade. :)
  6. Van 16
    Van 16 20 September 2020 16: 43
    +6
    Honestly looked. I saw nothing particularly interesting, except for the views of Petersburg. This is more for the audience of RenTV and Prokopenko.
  7. Reviews
    Reviews 20 September 2020 16: 43
    +6
    Peter could be a substitute child from a German settlement, in which non-Russian roots eventually leapt, leading to reforms that "burned out everything Russian."

    And also, with truly Teutonic militancy, he organized an atomic war of the XNUMXth century, which gave rise to the flood of the early XNUMXth century.
  8. parusnik
    parusnik 20 September 2020 16: 51
    +4
    Another "tales from the crypt" laughing
    1. Reviews
      Reviews 20 September 2020 16: 57
      +4
      Quote: parusnik
      Another "tales from the crypt" laughing

      From "ward number 6".
      1. parusnik
        parusnik 20 September 2020 18: 26
        +4
        But such a story has not been heard: Lenin was killed in Geneva, and he returned to Russia, not a real Lenin, but a real German intelligence officer. Just forgot his last name. laughing
        1. Reviews
          Reviews 20 September 2020 18: 50
          0
          Quote: parusnik
          But such a story has not been heard: Lenin was killed in Geneva, and he returned to Russia, not a real Lenin, but a real German intelligence officer. Just forgot his last name. laughing

          I have not heard, but not surprised at her appearance.
          1. parusnik
            parusnik 20 September 2020 19: 16
            +3
            I will not retell, but the meaning is about the same as with Peter's substitute laughing
        2. Ilya-spb
          Ilya-spb 20 September 2020 19: 10
          +1
          Was his last name Ulyanov?
          1. parusnik
            parusnik 20 September 2020 19: 19
            0
            No, a German surname .... I read it in some Petersburg newspaper, at the dawn of democratic reforms. A kaleidoscope, I think. smile
        3. Reptiloid
          Reptiloid 20 September 2020 22: 19
          +1
          Quote: parusnik
          But such a story has not been heard: Lenin was killed in Geneva, and he returned to Russia, not a real Lenin, but a real German intelligence officer. Just forgot his last name. laughing

          We know, we know. We have information, but they are secret bully
  9. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 20 September 2020 16: 57
    +4
    What a twist! It turns out that Peter (our) first was not real! ...
    The question comes up - was he even there? Who saw him personally?
    Where receipts, papers with seals and a birth certificate in Russian / photocopy must be attached. Plus four photos and a military ID?
    1. nnm
      nnm 20 September 2020 17: 01
      +4

      There is such an opinion!)))
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 20 September 2020 17: 18
        -3
        The series of programs of the "Chairman of SNT" is quite interesting for its extraordinary view of our history. However, not all of his theories can be perceived by thinking people. Personally, I am most interested and most argued by his theory of the World Mud Flood in the 19th century - buried cities.
        1. nnm
          nnm 20 September 2020 17: 22
          +3
          I'm afraid the theory of a mud flood in the 19th century is too much for me)))))
        2. Boris ⁣ Shaver
          Boris ⁣ Shaver 20 September 2020 17: 37
          +3
          Quote: Snail N9
          Personally, his theory of the World Mud Flood is the most interesting and most reasoned for me.

          You simply never held in your hands the data on instrumental monitoring of the sediment of buildings and structures and never compared the elevation marks of topographic plans taken on the same city streets with an interval of only some tens of years. The accumulation of the technogenic layer in cities is going much faster than you might imagine. Well, natural processes, like the accumulation of the same deluvial deposits, have not been canceled.
          1. Snail N9
            Snail N9 20 September 2020 17: 53
            +1
            Well, no matter how I live for more than a dozen years and observe the accumulation of deposits almost from the middle of the last century. ... And in the films of the chairman, there is a lot that cannot be explained by simple shrinkage of buildings and the accumulation of technogenic deposits.
            1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
              Boris ⁣ Shaver 20 September 2020 17: 54
              +2
              Quote: Snail N9
              I have lived for more than a dozen years and have observed the accumulation of deposits

              How do you do it?
      2. Petrol cutter
        Petrol cutter 20 September 2020 17: 53
        +2
        "There is such an opinion!)))"
        Personally, I am quite satisfied with the Peter who was.
        Correct / incorrect, but he did his job. Thanks to him.
        I personally respect the person who actually did something, and not the current empty flaws.
  10. Alien From
    Alien From 20 September 2020 17: 12
    +3
    Peter is a great man.
  11. KVU-NSVD
    KVU-NSVD 20 September 2020 17: 17
    +3
    Enntavo of the "Chairman of SNT" with all the bandit gang, and on the rule to Pyatr Lyakseich and the prince-Caesar in the order of Preobrazhensky ... there they would tell the whole truth - mother would have been told .. why charming letters, apt to embarrass the Christian people ..
    1. nnm
      nnm 20 September 2020 17: 20
      +1
      Moreover, at least three times in a row. To make sure that the accursed dogs are not lying
  12. Pavel57
    Pavel57 20 September 2020 17: 28
    +7
    Quote: Alien From
    Peter is a great man.

    Peter's reforms cost Russia a quarter of the population.
    1. Stas1973
      Stas1973 20 September 2020 18: 40
      +1
      Even under the Bolsheviks, during the period 1917-1940 there was no such loss in the population / citizens. But they haut, and Peter is an icon, for some. And yes, under Ivan the Terrible, 2500-5000 people were executed / repressed during the entire period of his reign, according to various sources. That with the then population of Muscovy about 16 million people, what percentage would be?
      1. Uncle Vanya Susanin
        Uncle Vanya Susanin 21 September 2020 05: 32
        0
        There was no such state as Muscovy, it's like Lyakhia instead of Poland hi
        1. Stas1973
          Stas1973 21 September 2020 13: 58
          -3
          You will troll when I go to t ... t. Thank.
          1. Uncle Vanya Susanin
            Uncle Vanya Susanin 22 September 2020 07: 24
            0
            I will not troll, I just pointed out the error.
            Please.
      2. Boris ⁣ Shaver
        Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 06: 21
        +1
        Quote: Stas1973
        And yes, under Ivan the Terrible, 2500-5000 were executed / repressed during the entire period of his reign

        Give the numbers - give the link
        1. Stas1973
          Stas1973 21 September 2020 13: 58
          -1
          Google to the rescue.
          1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
            Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 15: 00
            -1
            You're lying, then? What for?
            1. Stas1973
              Stas1973 21 September 2020 16: 26
              -2
              Not at all. The figures, according to the research of historians, are known, published and there is no secret. That's it, it's simple
              1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
                Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 21: 11
                0
                Quote: Stas1973
                The figures, according to the research of historians are known, are published

                This statement can mean anything. From a simple continuation of the lie, to the fact that you call someone like the author of the video under discussion a historian, and research is his tales for the dark and not trained to read. In any case, everything is very clear with you.
    2. Boris ⁣ Shaver
      Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 06: 28
      0
      Quote: Pavel57
      Peter's reforms cost Russia a quarter of the population.

      And what is not the entire population? Peter was replaced, after which he completely wiped out the old population and replaced it with a new one from across the sea. All the new population agreed to be silent, and the sources that could reveal this substitution were diligently destroyed for many centuries.
      There is, however, one representative of the real Russian population, but I will not name him to you, otherwise you will stop watching his revealing videos about mud floods and substitutions of tsars.
  13. Stas1973
    Stas1973 20 September 2020 18: 54
    -4
    As for the video, you need to understand that we are not talking about a stupid substitution of the king, but about a substitution of the personality of one of the brothers, about the order of prestonolon inheritance. And in this regard, everything in the video is logical. Prove otherwise.
  14. Gato
    Gato 20 September 2020 20: 38
    +1
    Peter could have been a substitute child from a German settlement

    If suddenly this is so - then what next? What will this change in the present? In the Russian Federation, the monarchy and the monarch will be declared illegitimate? You might as well declare that Trump is not real, but in fact is a miraculously surviving Kennedy. And Biden actually died in 1972 in a car accident with his family, and instead of him an Armenian is trying to become president. wassat
  15. Diviz
    Diviz 20 September 2020 21: 12
    0
    everywhere there are monuments to Peter 1. prince vladimir. Alexander Nevsky. Ivan 4 is difficult to pose. the grandfathers of the Ruriks could have erected a large monument, but unfortunately pagans.
    who will plant him, he's a monument.!
  16. Sakmagon
    Sakmagon 20 September 2020 21: 22
    -1
    Who is interested in the topic - I suggest reading Agrantsev - "Peter the Great - Khan-Crusader?"
    I do not impose opinions, jedem gas zeine
    1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
      Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 06: 30
      +2
      Quote: Sacmagon
      Who is interested in the topic - I suggest reading Agrantsev - "Peter the Great - Khan-Crusader?"

      Better pills which advise
  17. 7,62h54
    7,62h54 20 September 2020 21: 35
    -1
    No, well, the fact that the king is not real, it has long been clear. The tsar father cannot be such a monster.
    1. Snail N9
      Snail N9 21 September 2020 08: 19
      0
      Especially funny is the opus about the support of Peter by the Orthodox Church. Yeah, the church supported him. How can you not know the history of your country to say that. Peter destroyed the Orthodox Church for the sake of the convenience of his existence - he liquidated the patriarchate so as not to receive the obligatory blessing of all his actions, which was obligatory for all tsars in Russia. This led to a split in the church and the exodus of Old Believers to Siberia and the Urals. Then Peter robbed the church, took away all the land, all the peasants, gold and silver, and poured the bells onto cannons. The old church gave him anathema as the antichrist. And by the way, in February 1917, the church supported the abdication of the tsar and the elimination of the autocracy, since the Provisional Government was one of the first to restore the patriarchate by decree. As it went around, it responded.
      1. Stas1973
        Stas1973 21 September 2020 13: 59
        -2
        Well done. Everything is correct
        1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
          Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 14: 52
          0
          You, too, do not know what years Peter ruled and when there was a schism in the church? Do you have a sect here, is it some kind of?
          1. Stas1973
            Stas1973 21 September 2020 16: 28
            -2
            Yes, you don't need all this. You don't know how to dispute - you don't even need to harness
      2. Boris ⁣ Shaver
        Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 14: 03
        0
        Oh, I didn't notice right away. It's a little messy, I find, to reply to a user's post while poking the answer to another.
        Let's loop over your "arguments":

        Quote: Snail N9
        The old church gave him anathema

        I repeat, anafima requires a Council decision. What kind of cathedral among the Old Believers at that time can we talk about if their bishopric was renewed only in the 19th century? Moreover, at the Council of that time, they themselves were anaphimized. And even today the ROC does not recognize their renewed hierarchy.
        Next:

        Quote: Snail N9
        Peter defeated

        Quote: Snail N9
        Peter robbed

        And despite this, the Church did not betray him to any anathema, as we know, but together with the people endured him for the glory of Russia.

        Quote: Snail N9
        This led to a split in the church

        The Niknov reforms in the 1650s led to the Church's cancer. How can you not know such things? Instead of watching videos with "alternative" history, I advise you to start reading school textbooks.
        1. Snail N9
          Snail N9 21 September 2020 15: 35
          0
          Well, at least read here ...
          https://www.sedmitza.ru/lib/text/436396/
          1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
            Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 16: 11
            +1
            Quote: Snail N9
            here

            And where is it written about the fact that Peter is the reason for the beginning of the schism of the Church? How can this be written anywhere? Madness no longer blows, but clearly carries.
            1. Snail N9
              Snail N9 21 September 2020 18: 46
              -2
              Not ... the elimination of the patriarchate and its replacement by the synod is not a split ... Well, yes. Sleep on. yes
              1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
                Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 20: 42
                0
                Quote: Snail N9
                the elimination of the patriarchate and its replacement by the synod is not a split

                Bless you hi
  18. Aleks2000
    Aleks2000 20 September 2020 21: 44
    +1
    There was a New Chronology in the 90s (minus 400 years of history there)
    Here her students tried (minus Peter 1 and another 400 years)

    And there are also students of students (another minus 400 years, and the last nuclear war was in the 19th century, Pugachev's nuclear batons were defeated, etc.)
  19. garik77
    garik77 20 September 2020 23: 54
    +3
    Delirium of a gray mare .. Was he Sumer for an hour? laughing
  20. nikvic46
    nikvic46 21 September 2020 07: 39
    +1
    There are many facts of theft of children in history. But they were brought up according to the canons according to which the family existed. Even if we assume that Peter was German by blood, but he was brought up in a Russian family. This is of course a conspiracy theory. The story is one, but it is interpreted in different ways. Even if there were chroniclers under Kievan Rus, I don’t think they disappeared under Peter. Now they write, who is not too lazy. And if you started your post with advertising, do not expect good.
  21. Kolin
    Kolin 21 September 2020 08: 36
    +3
    When will the flat Earth video be released?
    1. Boris ⁣ Shaver
      Boris ⁣ Shaver 21 September 2020 15: 05
      +4
      Quote: Kolin
      when will there be a flat-earth video?

      This is something obvious for them. There is a snailman - he has been living for more than a dozen years and has never seen a round earth somewhere. Do you think he'll believe this official nonsense?
  22. BAI
    BAI 21 September 2020 17: 14
    0
    Not all rumors are listed in the article. It is also necessary to illuminate Newton's involvement in the substitution of the king.
    1. Reviews
      Reviews 24 September 2020 09: 52
      0
      Quote: BAI
      Not all rumors are listed in the article. It is also necessary to illuminate Newton's involvement in the substitution of the king.

      Newton was also changed. It is clear to every reasonable person that some director of the mint could not create such fundamental works. Moreover, from being hit by an apple, he should have become even more stupid. And the most important thing:
      by the end of his life, such traits as good nature, condescension and sociability appeared in Newton's character, which were not previously characteristic of him

      Substitution !!! First Nevton, and then Peter I !!! And then Alexander I !!! And ... yes, everything is changed !!! The covers are torn off !!! There is no Internet either, all postings are the result of our imagination.