Military Review

Ka-52K on the eve of serial production

39

It is reported about the completion of tests of a promising deck-based attack helicopter Ka-52K "Katran". The machine is ready for serial production, and prototypes are now being attracted to new events. Plans for production and supply to the troops have not yet been announced, but it is already clear what consequences they will lead to.


The latest news


The recent successes of the Ka-52K project were recently reported by RIA News with reference to the General Designer of the National Center for Helicopter Engineering "Mil and Kamov" Sergei Mikheev. Provides optimistic and encouraging news and estimates of the project's prospects.

According to S. Mikheev, the Katran tests have been completed. There are no fatal remarks from the military department. Preparation for production was also completed. The Progress plant in Arsenyev is ready to produce equipment - “you just need to press a button”. The general designer of the NCV has no doubts that the series will be launched and the new helicopter will enter service in the Navy. In addition, such a future is predicted for promising modifications of the Ka-52K.

S. Mikheev pointed out that various test activities are carried out after the main checks. Ka-52K are involved in tests of newly built ships. Each ship has its own aerodynamic features and other specifics. Therefore, during general tests, helicopter take-off and landing checks are carried out.


In addition, the General Designer recalled that various tests are carried out throughout the entire life cycle of the equipment. This is necessary for the development of new types of equipment, weapons, etc. Only the power plant and the supporting system do not need additional checks.

How soon the customer will "press the button" and start the serial production of new helicopters is not specified. Also, the exact needs of the Ministry of Defense and the possible amount of financing for construction remain unknown.

During testing


The development of the deck modification of the Ka-52 Alligator attack helicopter has been carried out since the beginning of the last decade. This technique was originally proposed for inclusion in aviation a group of new UDCs of the Mistral type. The Russian fleet never received such ships, but work on helicopters continued and led to the desired results.

The first flight of the experimental Ka-52K took place in the spring of 2015. After that, a full-scale test program began with the development of all new solutions, components and systems. As follows from the latest news, but such events took just over five years. In the updated design, we found and corrected all the shortcomings, and also prepared production facilities.


The rather long test duration is associated with a number of important innovations affecting almost all the main elements of the helicopter. So, for basing on a ship, the carrier system was redesigned, introducing blade folding units. Similar devices were introduced into the wing design. Taking into account the new conditions of basing and operation, all major structural elements were protected from corrosion.

The complex of airborne electronic equipment has undergone some modifications. So, initially in the Katran project they wanted to use a new radar based on the serial Zhuk-AE, but later they returned to the standard for the Ka-52 "Crossbow". The existing optoelectronic station was replaced with a new OES-52. The use of a number of other instruments required for operation over the sea was also reported.

The complex of weapons has undergone significant modifications. Katran retained its 30mm cannon and is still capable of carrying unguided missiles, as well as air-to-ground and air-to-air guided weapons. To expand combat capabilities, taking into account the new tactical role, the ability to carry free-falling bombs is provided. Also, for the first time in domestic and world practice, an attack helicopter received X-31 cruise missiles and X-35 anti-ship missiles.

The change in the basing method, numerous design modifications, the replacement of equipment and the addition of the weapons complex led to the need for long-term comprehensive tests. Therefore, "only" a modification of the serial Ka-52 was tested for more than five years. At the same time, tests were carried out not only at land and sea ranges. In 2016, it was reported about the participation of the Ka-52K in the Syrian operation - the helicopters operated from the deck of the Admiral Kuznetsov.


Helicopters for the Navy


Upon completion of the tests, the Ministry of Defense is able to place a state order for the production of serial Ka-52Ks for delivery to the naval aviation. How soon it will appear and how much technology it will provide is not yet known.

It should be noted that this will not be the first order for Katrans. The first contract of this kind appeared back in 2014 and provided for the supply of 32 helicopters to equip two Mistrals. France refused to hand over these ships, and the position of the aircraft was uncertain. Later, the ships were acquired by Egypt, and the Russian side sold him the Katrans.

The issue of equipping domestic ships with the new Ka-52K is still not fully disclosed. The possibility of basing such equipment on the Admiral Kuznetsov was confirmed; helicopters are tested on ships of other classes and types. There are also various estimates and forecasts.

Last year, the domestic media reported that one Katran could be based on the BDK pr. 11711 - two such ships are already ready and two are under construction. The basing of single helicopters is also possible on other ships, from the corvette and larger. However, the combat effectiveness in these cases is seriously limited.


In July, the laying of two promising UDC pr. 23900 took place. As reported, the aviation group of these ships will include up to 16 helicopters of various types, incl. Ka-52K. Thus, to obtain maximum strike capabilities, the two ships need 32 Katran helicopters. Thus, the total requirements of the Russian Navy for new helicopters may exceed 32-35 units.

To support the landing


From the very beginning, the Ka-52K project was developed as a combat vehicle for landing ships, capable of supporting landings on the coast with fire. Over the years, the concept has not changed - the helicopter is still intended primarily for use from amphibious assault ships in the interests of the Marine Corps.

Thus, the main task for the "Katran" is the fight against the enemy's antiamphibious defense in the landing area. Defense can include stationary firing points, various armored vehicles and artillery, and the Ka-52K is capable of hitting all such targets. Guided and unguided weapons, incl. with a significant launch range will allow attacking enemy targets from outside the zone of responsibility of enemy air defense and ensuring the advance of the landing. In addition, helicopters will be able to use anti-ship missiles against surface targets, both in the coastal zone and in the open sea.

The current plans for shipbuilding involve the purchase of several dozen deck-based attack helicopters. Thanks to their appearance, landing capabilities fleet will grow significantly. The new UDC will be a more effective means of delivering troops, and the Ka-52K from their deck will provide suppression of enemy defenses and simplify the work of the landing force.

However, it should be borne in mind that real results of this kind will have to wait several more years. The construction of the third and fourth landing ships of project 11711 will be completed in 2025-26, and the newest UDC of project 23900 will be commissioned even later. However, the Navy already has all the capabilities to ensure that all these ships receive the necessary aviation equipment on time. "Katran" has passed tests and is ready for production - now everything depends only on the decisions of the Ministry of Defense.
Author:
Photos used:
Russian Helicopters, Vitalykuzmin.net
39 comments
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  1. antivirus
    antivirus 21 September 2020 18: 22
    -21 qualifying.
    strange that I write first.
    it is necessary to give it 37 mm.
    not the helicopter itself is needed, but the AUG. this is not a trifle for pockets tyrit.
    It's not enough to train 100 or 200 naval pilots, we need other quality wipers on the territory of all kindergartens in Russia.
    1. Postum
      Postum 21 September 2020 18: 54
      +6
      What is really there, give 57
      1. Temples
        Temples 21 September 2020 19: 54
        +8
        Quote: antivirus
        need a different quality wipers on the territory of all kindergartens in Russia.

        Are you thumping? laughing good
        Sometimes you can go to a binge. If health allows laughing
      2. loki565
        loki565 21 September 2020 20: 51
        +1
        Yeah, what would he take off his own nose ???))) I hope this defect could be corrected.
      3. Jager
        Jager 21 September 2020 20: 57
        +1
        a bit small, you need A-19 right away!))
      4. Stalllker
        Stalllker 22 September 2020 01: 50
        0
        125 mm, and there are plenty of "bullets" for him
      5. antivirus
        antivirus 22 September 2020 08: 14
        0
        you give - so you give, come on ........................................... .................................................. ........................................
        and the level, the culture of the janitors, determines the general culture, including the cleanliness in the country and through it the training of flyers.
  2. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 21 September 2020 18: 23
    +5
    Another serious vehicle for strengthening the fleet. This news cannot but rejoice ...
  3. lucul
    lucul 21 September 2020 18: 32
    +1
    Thus, the main task for the "Katran" is the fight against the enemy's antiamphibious defense in the landing area.

    With the new Kh-35U anti-ship missiles, with a range of 260 km, it is capable of sinking both corvettes and frigates, moreover, outside the range of their air defense. A good attack helicopter turned out.
    1. Cympak
      Cympak 21 September 2020 19: 28
      +8
      there is also the question of how far the "Crossbow" radar station sees a frigate-type ship and under what weather conditions.
      It is known that:
      The detection range of the railway bridge was 32 km, air targets - 11-15 km, MANPADS missiles - 5 km .... As required by the technical assignment, at a vehicle speed of more than 10 km / h "Crossbow" steadily accompanied it in any weather conditions at a distance up to 16 km.
      Источник: http://old.redstar.ru/2008/03/05_03/4_02.html
      1. lucul
        lucul 21 September 2020 19: 32
        -10 qualifying.
        there is also the question of how far the "Crossbow" radar station sees a frigate-type ship and under what weather conditions.

        ROFAR is on its way ...
        1. Cympak
          Cympak 21 September 2020 19: 40
          12
          That's when they come up, then we'll see what they will be placed on.
          And so there are a lot of plans: laser guns, plasma guns ...
        2. SovAr238A
          SovAr238A 21 September 2020 21: 29
          +9
          Quote: lucul
          there is also the question of how far the "Crossbow" radar station sees a frigate-type ship and under what weather conditions.

          ROFAR is on its way ...

          I've been reading about "this approach" for eight years already ...
          For eight years, Nexus has been singing songs to us about the great ROFAR.
          And apparently for another 15 years he will sing, judging by the pace of development of the theme of rofar ...
          1. Grazdanin
            Grazdanin 22 September 2020 00: 18
            0
            How ROFAR will appear on US combat aircraft, you can begin to chastise 15 years before it appears on our experimental aircraft.
          2. Hermit21
            Hermit21 22 September 2020 10: 21
            +1
            The first mentions of the development of ROFAR in Russia date back to 2014. So there can be no question of any "8 years". At the moment, prototype tests have been completed. I think the samples will be ready for production until 2023-2025.
            1. SovAr238A
              SovAr238A 22 September 2020 19: 24
              0
              Quote: Hermit21
              The first mentions of the development of ROFAR in Russia date back to 2014. So there can be no question of any "8 years". At the moment, prototype tests have been completed. I think the samples will be ready for production until 2023-2025.

              Well, for 7 years, the Nexus has been singing songs to us.
              In 2 months it will be possible to speak safely about 8 years ...

              And in 2014-2015 they promised to make a working sample by 2018 ...
      2. Stalllker
        Stalllker 22 September 2020 01: 51
        0
        Well, what prevents to work on the "backlight"?
    2. Grits
      Grits 22 September 2020 05: 21
      +3
      Quote: lucul
      With the new Kh-35U anti-ship missiles, with a range of 260 km, it is capable of sinking both corvettes and frigates, moreover, outside the range of their air defense. A good attack helicopter turned out.

      Who would only highlight the goal?
  4. ares1988
    ares1988 21 September 2020 18: 33
    +9
    "Also for the first time in domestic and world practice, an attack helicopter received X-31 cruise missiles and X-35 anti-ship missiles." - And before that, no one in the world thought of hanging an anti-ship missile on a helicopter?
    Or do you mean that the Kh-31 and Kh-35 were suspended for the first time in the world?
    1. Grazdanin
      Grazdanin 21 September 2020 18: 40
      +1
      Quote: ares1988
      before that, no one in the world thought of hanging an anti-ship missile on a helicopter?

      Nobody needs it. We have a shortage of anti-ship missile carriers. Ships and planes.
    2. Oden280
      Oden280 21 September 2020 19: 30
      +6
      The British on the Lynx HAS helicopter back in the 80s hung a Sea Skew anti-ship missile system. But it was low-power and the range was not very large, somewhere around 30-40 km.
    3. Cympak
      Cympak 21 September 2020 19: 37
      +8
      Anti-ship missiles are suspended under helicopters for a long time. The British have cattle helicopter anti-ship missiles "Sea Skua". They used it so often that it became the most effective anti-ship missile system in terms of the number of ships destroyed.
      The version of the AGM-119B Penguin anti-ship missile system is specially designed for use with helicopters (it has a two-stage engine). Used on the US Navy SH-60B Seahawk helicopters, on the S-70B helicopters of the Greek Navy.
      The new Sea Venom / ANL missiles are designed to be attached to helicopters.
      1. ares1988
        ares1988 21 September 2020 20: 06
        15
        Well yes. And they also suspend Marte-ER and Exocet, which have everything in order with the range. And the same X-35 was previously suspended on the KA-27. I mean, it's completely unclear: what exactly was done here "for the first time in the world."
        It's like the recent "world record" for flight duration set by the Tu-160. The record turned out to be a record among TU-160s. And you can't argue)
    4. Pavel57
      Pavel57 22 September 2020 00: 25
      +2
      Exosette and Penguin were hung on helicopters.
    5. ZEMCH
      ZEMCH 22 September 2020 18: 06
      +2
      Quote: ares1988
      and before that, no one in the world thought of hanging an anti-ship missile on a helicopter?


      Launch of the Kh-35 anti-ship missile system from an experienced Ka-27PK attack helicopter (photo by Kamov OJSC, Aviation and Time No. 1/2011)


      The Chilean Navy SH-32 "Cougar" helicopter with the AM 39 "Exocet" anti-ship missile (photo from blueskyrotor.com)


      The Sikorsky SH-60B "Sea Hawk" helicopter of the 43rd anti-submarine helicopter squadron (HSL-43) with the AGM-119 "Penguin" anti-ship missile (s) is performing a training flight in the San Diego area (California), 11.08.2003/XNUMX/XNUMX (photo from navy.mil)


      Launch of anti-ship missiles "Sea Squay" from the helicopter "Super Lynx" of the British Navy

      Launch of AM 39 "Exocet" anti-ship missiles from the ASH-3 "Sea King" helicopter of the Argentine Navy (photo from desarrolloydefensa.blogspot.ru)

      Applied for a long time)))
      1. ares1988
        ares1988 22 September 2020 18: 09
        +2
        Great selection, thanks.
  5. klara
    klara 21 September 2020 18: 43
    -25 qualifying.
    The best in the world. The commandos estimate: it is better to jump with a parachute from a K-52, when a missile hits it, debris does not fall on your head.
    1. nnm
      nnm 21 September 2020 19: 22
      12
      It became boring on the Censor and decided to please us with their flight of Svidomo fantasy?
      I will disappoint you - there are mostly serious guys here, most of them have been wearing uniform for more than one year and you will not get a big reaction to your messages. Therefore, do not waste time and return to a more familiar level of information resources. Well, to those, where they like to throw at each other temporary pictures of chew-blocking urns and joyfully scream about the daily destruction of the next division of Pskov, motor-hoofed paratroopers.
    2. Grits
      Grits 22 September 2020 05: 24
      +1
      Quote: klara
      The best in the world.

      Envy is a bad feeling
  6. AML
    AML 21 September 2020 18: 58
    -4
    Quote: Postum
    What is really there, give 57

    And what for? It seems that the Death Star will be launched soon.
  7. bars1
    bars1 21 September 2020 21: 11
    +4
    ,, Zhuk-AE ,, much better suited for the use of anti-ship missiles, unlike ,, Crossbow ,, ... But you see, they decided that the Ka-52K will engage in direct support of the landing party much more often, which is logical. But the long arm of the UDC was lost in a possible strike on enemy ships.
    But here ,, Crossbow ,, ... On Ka-52M they want to install radar ,, Cutter ,, with AFAR, why not put it on Ka-52K (Russian, not Egyptian), instead of radar ,, Crossbow ,, with an ancient parabolic antenna? Moreover, the Russian UDC will not appear soon and the Crossbow will be completely outdated by that time (the unfortunate Mi-28NM ..)
    1. max702
      max702 22 September 2020 14: 05
      0
      Two options, the first one is expensive, the second "Beetle" was not cut too well.
  8. bars1
    bars1 21 September 2020 21: 20
    +1
    Quote: ares1988
    It's like the recent "world record" for flight duration set by the Tu-160. The record turned out to be a record among TU-160s. And you can't argue)

    Exactly! Juggling with terms like a hypersonic dagger served as a great achievement!
    1. Volder
      Volder 22 September 2020 07: 21
      0
      Quote: bars1
      The Hypersonic Dagger serves as a great achievement!
      The dagger is really an achievement when compared with foreign samples.
  9. MstislavHrabr
    MstislavHrabr 21 September 2020 22: 30
    +4
    I would like to have a helicopter group ready for battle, and not a group of helicopters that pilots are just beginning to master, by the time the UDCs enter service. It will take more than a year to train flight personnel. And the radar needs another ...
    1. ZEMCH
      ZEMCH 22 September 2020 18: 15
      0
      Quote: MstislavHrabr
      I would like to have a helicopter group ready for battle, and not a group of helicopters that pilots are just beginning to master, by the time the UDCs enter service. It will take more than a year to train flight personnel.

      More than a year for sure, it is not possible to master all weapons and use for targets in a year
  10. Bez 310
    Bez 310 22 September 2020 04: 33
    +3
    How long can you talk about this "news"?
    Everyone understands that these helicopters are not needed,
    we will not land any troops anywhere,
    there is no one to support, and all these "body movements"
    - an attempt to attach a "miscarriage of the Mistrals".
  11. CastroRuiz
    CastroRuiz 22 September 2020 10: 57
    0
    Nu palubnoy vertolet est a kde vzyat palubi?
  12. bars1
    bars1 22 September 2020 15: 28
    0
    Quote: max702
    Two options, the first one is expensive, the second "Beetle" was not cut too well.

    In any case, the Russian Defense Ministry is famous for its redneck ..