Military Review

Russia's economic enclave: a new phase in relations with Syria

81

Source: anna-news.info


On a peaceful track


In recent years, the main news the summary related to Syria was a chronicle of hostilities, interspersed with clashes between numerous troops of third countries. President Putin also visited the country, but his visits usually had a military-political connotation.

On September 7, unexpectedly (and only for a few hours), a delegation headed by Foreign Minister Sergeev Lavrov and Deputy Prime Minister Yuri Borisov arrived in Damascus. It is noteworthy that for Lavrov this is the first visit in nine years to the Syrian Arab Republic. If the presence of Yuri Borisov in the delegation is explained by the further development of military cooperation between the two countries, then the "peaceful" Lavrov, of course, arrived with a completely different mission.


Visit of the Russian delegation to Damascus. September 7, 2020. Source: rossaprimavera.ru

Russia is entering a new phase of relations with Syria, the basis of which is being laid by the September visit of a delegation of high-ranking Russian officials. Military actions in the country, if they do not end, then pass into a sluggish phase, which makes one think about the forthcoming peaceful construction. The long-term war, passing from civil to national liberation, left thousands of settlements with destroyed infrastructure and destroyed housing stock. The Assad government has to work under the yoke of the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic and international sanctions. In fact, only Russia and Iran have at least some opportunity and desire to provide economic assistance to Damascus. It should not be forgotten that these countries too are under quite serious sectional pressure.

A separate figure in stories the United States is acting, which has once again strained relations by signing the so-called Caesar law. He, of course, does not in any way refer to the ruler of the Roman Empire. The law is dedicated to a certain photojournalist who took out photographic evidence of torture and murder in local prisons from Syria. This legislative act came into force on June 17 and is directed against “those responsible for the mass death of civilians and numerous atrocities, including the use of chemical weapons and other barbaric weapons. " Now any company, including a Russian one, wishing to cooperate with official Damascus runs the risk of falling under tough sanctions from Washington. It seems that only companies that are already under US sanctions can feel more or less free. Every year there are more of them, so Syria still has a chance for an economic recovery.

Against a similar economic and political background, the Russian delegation met with the top officials of Syria. In this regard, economic negotiations took up a considerable part of the agenda. Yuri Borisov summed up at the briefing:

"The new agreement, which we are working on, aims to restore about forty facilities, including the energy infrastructure. In particular, this is a cascade of hydroelectric power plants, which were built by Soviet specialists at one time, and the resumption of production of offshore fields. Agreement with one of the operators already signed and awaiting ratification. "

For reference: this year marks 76 years of diplomatic relations between Syria and Russia (USSR), and this situation largely repeats the long history of relations between the two states. The most tangible results of Russian-Syrian cooperation have been achieved in the technical, scientific and educational spheres: the Euphrates hydroelectric complex, more than 80 large industrial facilities have been built, thousands of kilometers of railways and power transmission lines have been laid. More than 35 thousand Syrians have received education in Soviet and Russian universities, annually over 100 people are sent to study in Russia. Thus, the mission of Borisov and Lavrov is in many ways the successor to Soviet foreign policy. A certain obstacle, in addition to the above, is the actual blockade of the main oil-bearing provinces by the US occupation forces and Kursk formations. As a result, a country that previously exported hydrocarbons is now forced to purchase them abroad. The situation is similar with wheat, which Syria has been rich in since ancient times. Despite such rhetoric of Russia, everyone understands perfectly well that without softening the position of the West, a full recovery of the country's economy cannot be expected.

Political reform on demand


All hope for the work of the Constitutional Committee. This is the motto that can characterize attempts at political reforms for the government of Bashar al-Assad. The president's situation is generally unenviable. On the one hand, without the support of Russia, he will not hold his post, and on the other, there is hope that at least some of the sanctions will be lifted. One of the demands of the West was a dialogue with opposition groups and the initiation of constitutional reform. The main settlement body in 2018 in Sochi was the Constitutional Committee, located in Geneva. It included 15 representatives of the Syrian authorities, 15 members of the opposition Syrian negotiating commission and 15 more representatives of the Syrian civil society. For a long time, the Committee "stood idle", and only on August 24 of this year resumed its work under the auspices of the UN. Supporters of democratic transformations in Syria, including Russia, undoubtedly, pin their main hopes on his work.

In case of failure of the work of the Constitutional Committee, Moscow will have to rebuild Syria de facto alone, and for this there is no money or special desire. The destroyed country will remain a hotbed of terrorist threats for a long time to come, eating up considerable resources of Russia. If the constitutional reforms are successful, some of the restrictions, including trade restrictions, will be removed from Damascus, and cooperation between Russia and the republic will become quite mutually beneficial.


Source: kommersant.ru

But it seems that power for the Assad regime is more important than structural changes in society and political reforms. Damascus has recently not found a common language with the opposition within the Constitutional Committee, which has already begun to irritate Russia. In addition, the National Will Party and the Democratic Forces of Syria in Moscow signed an agreement on a new constitution aimed at decentralizing power in the country. Russia, the main arbiter in this situation, supported the coalition of the two parties. However, Bashar al-Assad, assessing the prospects of losing his own monopoly on power, refused to approve the agreement.

And now it is not even clear whether the near-Syrian reformers will have time to agree on a new constitution before the presidential elections in 2021, after which Assad will clearly be less accommodating. Walid Muallem, the Syrian Foreign Minister, generally stumped everyone, pointing out that no new initiatives by the National Will Party and the Syrian Democratic Forces will be accepted if they contradict the current constitution. That is, no new constitution, since it contradicts the current Basic Law of the state!

The vicious circle, which, obviously, was supposed to be resolved by the mission of Russian officials of the highest rank. With the usual tactfulness of the Foreign Minister, Sergei Lavrov, in response to Western demands to accelerate the process of political reforms, said:

"There is no time frame for the work of the Syrian Constitutional Committee and there cannot be."

A new stage in the development of relations between Russia and Syria has obviously already begun. The terrorist underground, suppressed with the help of the Russian Aerospace Forces and special forces, is becoming less and less distracting. And there is an opportunity to concentrate on the pressing problems of peaceful construction.

Damascus, obviously, believes that Russia, like the USSR in its time, will irretrievably invest billions in the country's economy - for the sake of the loyalty of the leadership. But Moscow has a completely pragmatic approach: a peaceful political settlement, according to the Kremlin, is possible only after the softening of the regime of Bashar al-Assad and a dialogue with an adequate opposition. How much this will be possible depends on the diplomatic skill of Sergei Lavrov and the potential of the Russian Aerospace Forces.
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  1. Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov 18 September 2020 15: 40 New
    -7
    ***
    Lord, forgive all the voluntary and involuntary sins of your unworthy servants, have mercy and save the long-suffering Syrian people!
    Eliminate all confusion and hatred in Syria, extinguish the anger of our enemies, prevent them from doing evil and turn them to repentance.
    Grant peace and prosperity to the Syrian country, deliver it from grave troubles and misfortunes.
    Give consolation to the mourning, admonition to the lost; in enmity with beings the world descended; those who doubt the faith, confirm; raise up the fallen; save the innocent; and put a limit to the people, by whose works sin entered the world.
    ***
    1. bayard
      bayard 18 September 2020 16: 08 New
      +6
      Is it now coming out, Russia is trying to marry Assad with moderate barmaley? What's this for? Who wants peace - builds the world, who does not want - chooses war. There is a war there for a dozen years!
      In a civil war, there is only one winner, the losers obey and build a new reality. Why fuel division and separatism?
      Or is the whole problem that the patrons and teachers in their country are happy to give they cannot? Their independence is in no way distant? Will they not start their economy normally? ... And everyone strives to fit into the "world community" of bloodsuckers?
      Crooked, sideways, but - fit ...

      ... A bad advisor from someone who has a mess in his head ...
      1. SOVIET UNION 2
        SOVIET UNION 2 18 September 2020 16: 31 New
        -3
        Apparently the matter goes to the official section of Syria. Russia will not go to war with the Americans who have their own territory there! And the new phase probably lies in the fact that it's time to pump the loot from Syria. It's just that no one will do anything there. Perhaps Assad will be removed. Unknown people will poison or kill. And it won't be Americans.
        1. Grandfather
          Grandfather 18 September 2020 17: 09 New
          +2
          Russia's economic enclave: a new phase in relations with Syria
          so I believe that Syria will oust China and Malaysia with Indonesia from the Russian market ...
        2. bayard
          bayard 18 September 2020 20: 32 New
          -3
          Do not slander our leadership, these are still not Anglo-Saxons ...
          Everything VERY much can change at the end of this or the beginning of next year. After the US elections.
          There the Civil War can start stupidly.
          Real.
          And this will change EVERYTHING in this world.

          I do not know if our "sun-faced" ones are ready to work in the new conditions, but in any case, we will have to learn.
          Assad cannot be touched - this is the anchor of stability in the region.
        3. Victorio
          Victorio 19 September 2020 21: 15 New
          +1
          Quote: SOVIET UNION 2
          Apparently things are going to the official the section of Syria. Russia will not go to war with the Americans who have their own territory there! And the new phase probably lies in the fact that it's time to pump the loot from Syria. It's just that no one will do anything there. Perhaps Assad will be removed. Unknown people will poison or kill. And it won't be Americans.

          ===
          I think this option will not suit the Americans, perhaps the Israeli comrades. confusion into the hands of both. perhaps Israel's calm and developing neighbor in the form of a part of Syria is still better.
          1. SOVIET UNION 2
            SOVIET UNION 2 20 September 2020 09: 37 New
            +1
            hi If the states or Israel had a calm Syria, there would be no war there. According to the states, only the states should be a safe haven! The belligerent countries cannot develop technologies and economies. And against their background, the states will certainly look like giants of thought and economy! Competition on a regional scale!
          2. g1washntwn
            g1washntwn 22 September 2020 07: 38 New
            0
            Quote: Victorio
            Israel's calm and developing neighbor in the form of a part of Syria is still better.

            Better to be healthy and rich than poor and sick lol
            Don't be funny and show me a country that is interested in aggressive and technologically advanced neighbors?
            1. Victorio
              Victorio 22 September 2020 10: 10 New
              0
              Quote: g1washntwn
              Quote: Victorio
              Israel calm and developing neighbor as part of syria yet better.

              Better to be healthy and rich than poor and sick lol
              Don't be funny and show me a country that is interested in aggressive and technologically advanced neighbors?

              ===
              if it's funny, read it some more
              1. g1washntwn
                g1washntwn 22 September 2020 10: 42 New
                +1
                I have a bad habit of reading everything, including between the lines. You have too many inserts "possibly", that is, even you yourself are not sure that Israel needs a self-sufficient Syria, but you throw "lifebuoys" for this version in your comments. Therefore, yes, excessive "political flexibility" in VO looks silly and amuses me frankly.
                They would be satisfied with a vast desert up to Iran with a minimum of population. An economically developed neighbor? Look at the Golan annexed by them, devastated Iraq, narco-Afghanistan - these are almost ideal images of what Syria wants to see from the United States (if not for the local irreconcilable "Arab partisans"). The task of the United States is to completely break the BW ideologically and economically, because it is more convenient to assimilate into its own format in small pieces. They cannot swallow the entire SAR or Iran.
                1. Victorio
                  Victorio 22 September 2020 10: 47 New
                  0
                  Quote: g1washntwn
                  I have a bad habit read everything and between the lines as well. You have too many inserts "possibly", that is, even you yourself are not sure that Israel needs a self-sufficient Syria, but you are adding "lifebuoys" for this version in your comments. Therefore, yes, excessive "political flexibility" in VO looks silly and amuses me frankly.
                  They would be satisfied with a vast desert up to Iran with a minimum of population. An economically developed neighbor? Look at the Golan annexed by them, devastated Iraq, narco-Afghanistan - these are almost ideal images of what Syria wants to see from the United States (if not for the local irreconcilable "Arab partisans"). The task of the United States is to completely break the BW ideologically and economically, because it is more convenient to assimilate into its own format in small pieces. They cannot swallow the entire SAR or Iran.

                  ===
                  this is unnecessary .. probably - it's possible. nothing more, no flexibility, no desire, no becoming in / on the position of Israel and so on
      2. Pashhenko Nikolay
        Pashhenko Nikolay 18 September 2020 22: 54 New
        -7
        And Assad is not barmaley? Barmaley is married to barmaley, everything is fine. Otherwise, the war will not end. We cannot always keep another loser on bayonets.
      3. Trapp1st
        Trapp1st 19 September 2020 12: 36 New
        +1
        Is Russia trying to marry Assad with moderate barmaley? What's this for?
        At least the semblance of the opposition should be, so that the people would let off politically steam and not grab a weapon. Russia has invested a lot in Syria, I do not think that it would risk investments.
      4. Captain45
        Captain45 19 September 2020 18: 44 New
        0
        Quote: bayard
        Or is the whole problem that the patrons and teachers in their country are happy to give they cannot? Their independence is in no way distant? Will they not start their economy normally? ... And everyone strives to fit into the "world community" of bloodsuckers?
        Crooked, sideways, but - fit ...

        And here I think she brought us
        Not even a strategy, but a thirst for brotherhood!
        It’s better to get in the wrong
        If we don't understand ours! (from)
        I. Brodsky 1978 or 79
        1. Vitaly gusin
          Vitaly gusin 19 September 2020 21: 23 New
          +2
          Quote: Captain45
          I. Brodsky 1978 or 79

          Letter to General Z. (1968)
          This was his response to the invasion of Czechoslovakia
          General! Only souls need bodies.
          Souls are known to be alien to malevolence,
          and here I think she brought us
          not even a strategy, but a thirst for brotherhood:
          it's better to interfere with other people's affairs,
          if we do not understand ours. (c)
          -------------------------------------------------- ------------
          General, even the house of cards is a barn.
          I am writing you a report, I fall to the flask.
          For survivors of the great bluff
          life leaves a scrap of paper.
          (C)
      5. Akuzenka
        Akuzenka 23 September 2020 10: 37 New
        0
        Why fuel division and separatism?
        In "muddy" water, you can make big money. Everything is trite.
    2. Antokha
      Antokha 29 September 2020 14: 23 New
      0
      I am a believer, but this is not the place for prayer in this format, because the VO forum does not gather for the sake of common prayer, unlike parishioners in the church. Yes, and there are strictly defined prayers, and not what one wants. This is your private prayer, offer it in secret.
  2. Svarog
    Svarog 18 September 2020 16: 02 New
    +4
    Damascus, obviously, believes that Russia, like the USSR in its time, will irretrievably invest billions in the country's economy - for the sake of the loyalty of the leadership. But Moscow has a very pragmatic approach:

    So far, this pragmatic approach only makes the country's population poorer and dies out, in contrast to the USSR.
    1. aleksejkabanets
      aleksejkabanets 18 September 2020 16: 25 New
      +7
      Quote: Svarog
      So far, this pragmatic approach only makes the country's population poorer and dies out, in contrast to the USSR.

      Well, how did you want? 95% of the population has departed, while 5% of the population has arrived. It is their state and the rules of the game that they dictate, no matter how much we want otherwise. You know better than me that the state is an instrument of suppression acting in the interests of the ruling class. I just do not understand one thing, where do such crowds of guardians for the welfare of these very 5% come from?
      1. Svarog
        Svarog 18 September 2020 16: 28 New
        +4
        Quote: aleksejkabanets
        Why are there such crowds of guardians for the welfare of these very 5%?

        Some are duped by propaganda, some humbly believe, some are well-organized and nothing else concerns them .. some 13 silver workers are working off ..
        1. Lexus
          Lexus 18 September 2020 18: 21 New
          11
          Greetings! hi On the way to the "black hole", fairy tales about the stars are always told.
    2. Paranoid50
      Paranoid50 18 September 2020 16: 39 New
      -16 qualifying.
      Quote: Svarog
      The population of the country is only getting poorer and dying out, in contrast to the USSR.

      laughing laughing laughing A hundred years at lunchtime, threw in - bounced. fellow
    3. SOVIET UNION 2
      SOVIET UNION 2 18 September 2020 16: 45 New
      +8
      the country's population is only getting poorer and dying out,
      Speak dear Svarog. Forbes refutes this.
      The total annual income of one hundred participants in the ranking of the richest civil servants and deputies amounted to 65,8 billion rubles, which is 4,1 billion more than in 2018. Forbes magazine has updated its ranking of the 100 richest Russian civil servants and deputies. Almost half of its roster was missing from the roster last year. 18.09.2020/XNUMX/XNUMX,
      Far from the entire population becomes poorer. There are those who are successfully getting rich.
  3. KVU-NSVD
    KVU-NSVD 18 September 2020 16: 18 New
    +4
    the actual blockade of the main oil-bearing provinces by the US occupation forces and Kursk formations.
    The main obstacle to recovery and development is the loss of this export potential. And the Americans are well aware of this, keeping the oil fields ... and simultaneously exporting (stealing) oil from there.
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 18 September 2020 16: 30 New
      -4
      Why do they need oil? There is a lot of her and her, and Canada is close by. Canada has the second largest oil reserves in the world.
      1. KVU-NSVD
        KVU-NSVD 18 September 2020 16: 33 New
        +3
        Quote: Free Wind
        Why do they need oil? E

        For the United States, it is not needed, but for the American military in that region, left-wing earnings. Even they rather do not do it themselves, but simply cover it up.
        1. Free wind
          Free wind 19 September 2020 04: 17 New
          +2
          I probably agree with this. drinks
      2. Trapp1st
        Trapp1st 19 September 2020 12: 37 New
        +1
        Why do they need oil?
        Pay for the services of terrorists
      3. g1washntwn
        g1washntwn 22 September 2020 07: 43 New
        0
        Quote: Free Wind
        Why do they need oil? There is a lot of her and her, and Canada is close by.

        for example:
        - Negro, do you eat?
        - A banana.
        - Let me try.
        - On the. What are you eating?
        - Salo ...
        - Let me try.
        - Why try it, lard is like lard.

        laughing
  4. paul3390
    paul3390 18 September 2020 16: 32 New
    +6
    What kind of economic recovery can we talk about if a third of the country is still occupied by barmaley and mattress toppers? First you need to win, and only then make plans for the future .. For Syria without oil is a completely different Syria than with oil .. In addition, if you restore the enterprise, either the Israelis or the Americans will bomb it tomorrow .. What's the point?
    1. Svarog
      Svarog 18 September 2020 16: 35 New
      11
      Quote: paul3390
      First you need to win, and only then make plans for the future.

      It seems like they announced victory twice already.
      1. Lexus
        Lexus 18 September 2020 18: 23 New
        +6
        Every time - "next".
    2. Roman1970_1
      Roman1970_1 18 September 2020 18: 15 New
      +2
      How much of that oil Syria has.
      The cat wept. Not an industrial scale. Before the war, mined for $ 30 million
  5. Roman1970_1
    Roman1970_1 18 September 2020 16: 33 New
    +2
    For reference: this year marks 76 years of diplomatic relations between Syria and Russia (USSR)


    In my opinion, Syria was formed in 1946.
    2020 - 1946 = 74

    So for reference
    1. Evgeny Fedorov
      18 September 2020 17: 13 New
      +5
      Diplomatic relations between the USSR and Syria were established in July 1944. Source: https://ria.ru/20180517/1520803232.html The situation with the independence of Syria is complicated. In 1941, she was formally given independence from France, but it was possible to expel the troops only in 1946. By the way, with the help of the USSR.
      1. Roman1970_1
        Roman1970_1 18 September 2020 18: 17 New
        -3
        Well, she wasn’t an unsympathetic Syria yet
        1. Simargl
          Simargl 19 September 2020 21: 51 New
          +2
          Quote: Roman1970_1
          Well, she wasn’t an unsympathetic Syria yet
          It's like with the FRG - the US military still cannot be expelled. but no one calls Germany "dependent" ... they are shy.
  6. bandabas
    bandabas 18 September 2020 16: 35 New
    +7
    A good mine with a bad game. I would look at my country. Although .... The government of the midgets is all in chocolate. At the expense of the citizens of the state. We are waiting for new taxes ... On everything.
  7. Radikal
    Radikal 18 September 2020 16: 54 New
    +2
    Quote: bayard
    Is it now coming out, Russia is trying to marry Assad with moderate barmaley?

    Well, yes - "Minsk Agreements-2", with a Syrian accent. Who is there, and closer to the Kremlin? Yeah, Jerusalem. Hence - the Jerusalem agreements! How - will it roll? wassat
    1. Vitaly gusin
      Vitaly gusin 18 September 2020 17: 40 New
      +1
      Quote: Radikal
      Hence - the Jerusalem agreements! How will it "roll"?

      This is still a long way off, but who knows the world is changing today.

      Didn't find it in Russian.
  8. Asad
    Asad 18 September 2020 17: 12 New
    +3
    Can someone explain what kind of nishtyaks we can get in Syria? Maybe Trump was right when he said about the bloody sandbox!
    1. nnm
      nnm 18 September 2020 17: 45 New
      -9
      I won't write about oil. And it's so clear. And why don't you consider a Mediterranean port, a territory beneficial for Russia, where you can control the Mediterranean Sea and its neighbors, for example, the Saudis, Turkey, Jordan, Oman, Qatar, etc. Or, for example, to form its alliance with Iran? Even if not to control, but to divert resources, forces - very much. What about Syria's convenient position in relation to Israel? Do you understand that Israel is not just climbing into Syria?
      Is it bad to have an ally in this region?
      And about where the US will then send ISIS and other organizations, in the event of the capture of Turkey, I think, is also not worth talking about?
      1. Asad
        Asad 18 September 2020 18: 11 New
        +2
        The United States has the oil, and they turned out to be intermediaries between Israel and Bahrain and the UAE. And the barmaley, they didn't run away much. And it seems to me that Assad is so-so ally.
        1. nnm
          nnm 18 September 2020 18: 22 New
          -4
          Not all oil. And it is possible and necessary to squeeze out the states. Moreover, they have zero legal grounds. Through financing and training local groups for action against the United States, through politics. The United States and Libya thought they were just sitting, and in Afghanistan, and in Vietnam, and in Korea
      2. Polymer
        Polymer 19 September 2020 18: 14 New
        0
        A lot of things can be imagined, but in fact, the war started there over a pipe - a gas pipeline from Iran through Iraq and Syria to the Mediterranean coast. Russia wanted to build it, but Qatar and the KSA strongly disagreed, because they wanted to build their own. If anyone remembers, it was these countries that from the very beginning were the main sponsors of the barmaley. Turkey was also part of the plans for their pipes, so it was the main transit country for terrorists from Libya and Tunisia to Syria. And much earlier than shooting down the Su-24, Turkey landed the Russian Il-76, which was transporting electronics to Syria to modernize air defense systems. Then there were no casualties, but the Russian plane was forced to fly back.
        Over the past years of the war, the alignment has changed a lot, but there is still little good for Bashar al-Assad. For the general population of Syria too.
        Yes, there, just before the start of the civil war, they discovered quite good gas reserves on the shelf - also Russia. Israel did not like the prospect of developing these fields. So, I think, initially, the interests were purely economic.
    2. strannik1985
      strannik1985 19 September 2020 07: 37 New
      0
      In your opinion, what is the best way to kill militants, in Syria or on the border with Kazakhstan?
      1. Asad
        Asad 19 September 2020 07: 39 New
        +2
        Are they not in Afghanistan? Turkey gave shelter to the Basmachs and warmed them.
        1. strannik1985
          strannik1985 19 September 2020 08: 09 New
          0
          In Afghanistan, the Taliban, there is a difference.
  9. Vitaly gusin
    Vitaly gusin 18 September 2020 17: 35 New
    +1
    But it looks like what power for the Assad regime more important than structural changes in society and political reforms.
    The destroyed country will be a hotbed of terrorist threat for a long time, consuming considerable resources of Russia.

    Today they began to understand that while Assad is in power, Syria will sink deeper into the pit of poverty and pull all his assistants with him.
    And for this they want to return to the construction committee, which Assad is afraid of. knows this is his end, but the beginning of the restoration of Syria as a state.
  10. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 18 September 2020 17: 45 New
    +7
    .

    ... Russia is really tired of spending money on supporting Syria and wants to compensate for at least some of the costs by attracting its companies to the recovery of the Syrian economy. At the same time, Moscow is well aware that it will be difficult to do this because of the sanctions from Washington and Brussels. The international community simply will not allocate money for this, so Russia wants to achieve significant political progress by participating in the work of the Syrian Constitutional Committee, which has been meeting in Geneva for a year without visible success.

    If you look closely at the pre-war economic indicators, you can see that most of the oil produced by Syria was used for domestic needs, so there was little left for export. They just managed to use large volumes of contraband oil from Lebanon for 30 years. Now this source, for obvious reasons, has dried up. Lebanon has no time for Syria today.

    It will not be easy to restore agriculture there. During the war years, the lands that have lost proper cultivation, amid a prolonged drought, have lost a significant part of the fertile layer. The wind ended the drought that had begun. Quite objectively: the north winds in the last 10 years have begun to bring dust storms to Israel.
  11. imobile2008
    imobile2008 18 September 2020 17: 49 New
    +5
    Quote: Vitaly Gusin
    But it looks like what power for the Assad regime more important than structural changes in society and political reforms.
    The destroyed country will be a hotbed of terrorist threat for a long time, consuming considerable resources of Russia.

    Today they began to understand that while Assad is in power, Syria will sink deeper into the pit of poverty and pull all his assistants with him.
    And for this they want to return to the construction committee, which Assad is afraid of. knows this is his end, but the beginning of the restoration of Syria as a state.

    Belarusians one and a half lard green, Syrians wonder how much? Beloved people tax on air! Oh, these traditions, then we will write off. I ought to have a list of forgiven debts, I will hang on the wall, instead of plasma, I will count how many per capita, namely, I have forgiven millions of greens
    1. A. Privalov
      A. Privalov 18 September 2020 18: 04 New
      +5
      In 2005, Russia wrote off $ 9,782 billion (out of $ 13,4 billion) of debt to the USSR to Syria.

      Well, over the past 5 years, no less than 10 billion greenbacks have flown there.
    2. D16
      D16 18 September 2020 18: 19 New
      -1
      Belarusians one and a half lard green

      There it is mainly deferred from the payment of debt and interest on it. If it had not been provided, there would have been a default on the debt. That is, Russia would not have seen the money anyway.
      Syrians wonder how much?

      How much money did Russians leave in Turkey every year? How many military bases do we have in Turkey? And in Syria, two in one laughing .
  12. Observer2014
    Observer2014 18 September 2020 18: 03 New
    +6
    Russia's economic enclave: a new phase in relations with Syria
    You can be curious. What are we going to buy from Syria to support its economy? Fruits? Well, I will agree. We will buy fruits instead of Armenians, and so on. Then what? We open sewing factories there instead of setting up our own? Could you be specific? I really want to understand what the economic enclave will be. And then I feel sick of bad loans and other rubbish.
    1. Victorio
      Victorio 19 September 2020 21: 25 New
      0
      Quote: Observer2014
      Russia's economic enclave: a new phase in relations with Syria
      You can be curious. What are we going to buy from Syria to support its economy? Fruits? Well, I will agree. We will buy fruits instead of Armenians, and so on. Then what? We open sewing factories there instead of setting up our own? Could you be specific? I really want to understand what the economic enclave will be. And then I feel sick of bad loans and other rubbish.

      ===
      buying there in the coming years will be problematic, but it is possible to import a lot of things (to restore the country) on loans, military presence and tourism.
      1. Observer2014
        Observer2014 19 September 2020 21: 31 New
        -3
        military presence and tourism is possible.
        wassat You can hear yourself. How can we tie it together? There is just not enough tourism there. Although ... repeat The motto of our tourist "We will rest no matter what" and will easily ride. lol
        1. Victorio
          Victorio 19 September 2020 21: 34 New
          0
          Quote: Observer2014
          military presence and tourism is possible.
          wassat You can hear yourself. How can we tie it together? There is just not enough tourism there. Although ... repeat The motto of our tourist "We will rest no matter what" and will easily ride. lol

          ===
          everything will work out, beautiful country, a lot of historical places.
          1. Observer2014
            Observer2014 19 September 2020 21: 40 New
            -4
            Quote: Victorio
            Quote: Observer2014
            military presence and tourism is possible.
            wassat You can hear yourself. How can we tie it together? There is just not enough tourism there. Although ... repeat The motto of our tourist "We will rest no matter what" and will easily ride. lol

            ===
            everything will work out, beautiful country, a lot of historical places.
            yes Nobody argues. It will be fine. I think in twenty years at least. No. There are a lot of Wishlist on this country. It takes time. Or for everyone to die with their Wishlist. Or simply bored to the outrageous waste of money.
  13. parusnik
    parusnik 18 September 2020 18: 19 New
    0
    As if not to miscalculate, moderate barmalers swear that they will be with Russia, and then they will throw it when Russia throws Assad ... Moreover, everyone in Syria understands that Russia has no money to restore it. They are friends with those who have money.
  14. D16
    D16 18 September 2020 18: 30 New
    +7
    But it seems that power for the Assad regime is more important than structural changes in society and political reforms. Damascus has recently not found a common language with the opposition within the Constitutional Committee, which has already begun to irritate Russia.

    Assad has already stepped on this rake. This ended with the Orange Revolution and an eight-year war. We also had an experience of "conservation" of the conflict in Chechnya. War is not repair. It cannot be stopped. It needs to be finished.
    1. g1washntwn
      g1washntwn 22 September 2020 07: 50 New
      +1
      While the Americans are there, Kurds and other "moderates" are blowing bad separatist thoughts into their heads, the integrity of the SAR is questionable.
  15. imobile2008
    imobile2008 18 September 2020 18: 30 New
    +1
    Quote: D16
    Belarusians one and a half lard green

    There it is mainly deferred from the payment of debt and interest on it. If it had not been provided, there would have been a default on the debt. That is, Russia would not have seen the money anyway.
    Syrians wonder how much?

    How much money did Russians leave in Turkey every year? How many military bases do we have in Turkey? And in Syria, two in one laughing .

    First, I want a list of all debts forgiven.
    Second, everyone always explains that we would not see this money. Fine, I want to personally kill everyone involved in the waste of my money! Or plant them forever
    Third, I haven't been to Tricia, but I think the citizens get there, sun and rest, What will I personally get from Syria?
    1. parusnik
      parusnik 18 September 2020 18: 48 New
      +1
      What will I personally get from Syria?
      ... And the tangerines ...? smile
  16. imobile2008
    imobile2008 18 September 2020 18: 49 New
    -1
    Quote: parusnik
    What will I personally get from Syria?
    ... And the tangerines ...? smile

    For an exorbitant price? or for free?
  17. high
    high 18 September 2020 19: 12 New
    +2
    Until the military units of Iran leave Syria, there will be no peace there.
    Syria is Iran's springboard for the destruction of Israel, so Israel periodically destroys Iranian factories in Syria, which is beneficial to Russia.
    Alas, Assad is sitting on two chairs of Russia and Iran ... he still has not made a choice.
    1. g1washntwn
      g1washntwn 22 September 2020 08: 23 New
      -1
      Quote: alta
      Syria is Iran's foothold for the destruction of Israel

      Israel today is the largest American military base and Iran's desire to eliminate this threat is understandable. Syria has never been a supporter of expanding foreign influence deep into the BV, therefore stability in the SAR and a peaceful solution have never been the task of Israel (read - the United States).
  18. D16
    D16 18 September 2020 19: 20 New
    0
    Damascus, obviously, believes that Russia, like the USSR in its time, will irretrievably invest billions in the country's economy - for the sake of the loyalty of the leadership. But Moscow has a completely pragmatic approach: a peaceful political settlement, according to the Kremlin, is possible only after the softening of the regime of Bashar al-Assad and a dialogue with an adequate opposition. How much this will be possible depends on the diplomatic skill of Sergei Lavrov and the potential of the Russian Aerospace Forces.

    Damascus believes that it is necessary to provide a normal life for adequate citizens of their country. They do not want to continue the banquet in the form of Chechnya 2. Are they the first eight years old? for eyes. smile
  19. Height 100
    Height 100 18 September 2020 20: 07 New
    -2
    Russia is entering a new phase of relations with Syria,

    Maybe they want to join Russia? I will not be surprised
  20. Al_lexx
    Al_lexx 18 September 2020 23: 00 New
    +4
    The essence of the article, in the democratization of Syria, in the Russian way.
    Firstly, I do not believe (c). Nothing will work there without a strong centralized government. Just like in Iraq, Libya, etc. countries where every small-town prince fancies himself full.
    Secondly, when I hear about some democratic forces, I immediately (we write three, it comes to mind) I think that these are forces for de-sovereignization of a certain region, for the sake of the one who needs to please.
    I think so..
  21. malyvalv
    malyvalv 19 September 2020 03: 26 New
    +3
    So now we are trying to build democracy in an Arab country?
    Come on ... It would be better if they tried to build socialism. He is somehow closer to Sharia. More chances.
  22. L-39NG
    L-39NG 19 September 2020 11: 36 New
    0
    Parts of the state completely surrounded by another (one) country are called full enclaves. Is Syria already part of Russia? Can you remember Afghanistan?
  23. Trapp1st
    Trapp1st 19 September 2020 12: 38 New
    -1
    Now any company, including a Russian one, wishing to cooperate with official Damascus runs the risk of falling under severe sanctions
    But Iran doesn't care.
  24. Knell wardenheart
    Knell wardenheart 19 September 2020 15: 57 New
    0
    We take another hemorrhoids under our wing. The chick will fatten and fly away - we have already dealt with the Arabs. Is this cooperation beneficial for us? In terms of direct and understandable benefits expressed in money - and not in muddy and endless geopolitical schemes on the horizon of which there is another golden statue called "THIS IS WHAT YOU WILL BE. There is a direct multiple-medium-term economic benefit for Russia from this - we are working. No - adiez, aufiderzein, goodbye.
  25. Alvis07
    Alvis07 19 September 2020 16: 37 New
    -2
    Everything is clear, it means another non-repayable loan for Syria within the framework of the new economic enclave.
  26. Alvis07
    Alvis07 19 September 2020 21: 01 New
    -5
    The Russian government has decided to transfer funds to the UN World Food Program for humanitarian aid to African countries. This was reported on the website of the RF Cabinet of Ministers. The decision to provide a $ 48 billion loan to 50 sub-Saharan African countries this year through portfolio projects.

    1. evgen1221
      evgen1221 20 September 2020 17: 26 New
      -1
      Credit for our food with the charter of our ships in exchange for the resources we need. A common thing in the world. In fact, the money remained in the country. Bush's legs also went to us.
      1. Alvis07
        Alvis07 20 September 2020 17: 30 New
        -2
        I agree! Look how many necessary resources were taken from Cuba, Syria, Venezuela, Afghanistan! We do not have time to write off loans. Last time $ 20 billion was "written off" from Africa. And how much more do we have to "take out useful resources" from Africa and write off loans?
  27. evgen1221
    evgen1221 20 September 2020 17: 24 New
    -1
    For me, the states needed the obligatory exit of the Caliphate to Mediterranean to project the threat to Europe, in order to start pumping loot from the Europeans more strongly for protection from the barmaley, and the fact that these barmaley act on the orders of the states, so who will then say something against it when really Suez is under aim and briskly will the pirates start chasing across the Mediterranean? We broke the cards here with our active participation, and it's good if we buy land for the naval base for a long time if they give it, of course.
  28. iouris
    iouris 21 September 2020 11: 09 New
    -1
    Educational program
    Anclave is a part of the territory of a state, completely surrounded by the territory of another state. Parts of a state completely surrounded by another (one) country are called full enclaves. Territory includes both land territory and territorial waters.
  29. muham
    muham 21 September 2020 22: 36 New
    +1
    But it looks like Power is more important to the Assad regime than structural change in society and political reforms. Damascus has recently not found a common language with the opposition within the Constitutional Committee, which has already begun to irritate Russia. In addition, the National Will Party and the Democratic Forces of Syria in Moscow signed an agreement on a new constitution aimed at decentralizing power in the country. Russia, the main arbiter in this situation, supported the coalition of the two parties. However Bashar al-Assad, assessing the prospects of losing his own monopoly on power, refused to approve the agreement.
    I read and can't believe my eyes, just a year ago, such a heresy would have caused a storm of indignation, and what Yegorov's light would have given out is beyond imagination. This is what an epiphany looks like. Well, it could have been worse.
    In short, they told you so, and you preferred to like mikhans, but as a result (see the beginning).
  30. Antokha
    Antokha 29 September 2020 14: 20 New
    0
    Despite such rhetoric of Russia, everyone understands perfectly well that without softening the position of the West, a full recovery of the country's economy cannot be expected.

    It is easier to expect crayfish whistling in the mountains. Nobody is going to look back to any West. And everyone who understands is probably the author.
    In case of failure of the work of the Constitutional Committee, Moscow will have to rebuild Syria de facto alone, and for this there is no money or special desire.

    He began for health, finished for peace. Again imposing impotence on us. We don't have it, everything is up and running.