Military Review

"Chaika-2": "civilian" ekranoplanes with a high potential for landing needs

19

To increase the possibilities of delivering personnel and cargo to the coast, where conventional ships and vessels can experience great problems during movement and mooring, options for using ekranoplanes are being considered. The topic of creation and development of ekranoplanes as combat units, including for landing troops on an unprepared coast, is considered quite often. However, the concept of such an application has not yet been clearly defined in our country, as well as whether the Russian Navy is ready to order ekranoplanes for its needs.


Meanwhile, research centers and design bureaus continue research in the development of ekranoplanes of various types.

One of the developments is the ekranoplan "Chaika-2", related to the project A-050-742d from the Central Design Bureau named after R. Alekseev. "Chaika-2" is positioned primarily as a civilian modification for the transport of passengers and cargo in coastal sea areas. However, the developers also highlight the possibility of using this ekranoplan in law enforcement agencies. In particular, we are talking about the use for solving special tasks of the Ministry of Emergencies.

"Chaika-2" is an amphibious ekranoplane with the ability to access an unequipped coastline with a slope of up to 5 degrees. The ekranoplan can be based both on water and on airfields belonging to the 2nd class (takeoff weight of the received funds aviation 30-75 tons, runway length up to 2700 m).


The flight range of the ekranoplan "Chaika-2" on the screen (C) - up to 3000 km, off the screen - 1900 km. The capacity is up to 100 people. Carrying capacity - 9 tons. Full displacement - 54 tons. On-screen flight speed - up to 400 km / h, off-screen - 450 km / h. Draft is about 1,1 m.

The ekranoplan is equipped with two screws. The tail system has a special geometry, including a forked tail with a vertical tail joint with a horizontal plane at the top. This gives stability at high speed.


Such characteristics may well allow the use of such an ekranoplan as a high-speed amphibious assault vehicle.

Considering the possibilities of draft and access to the coastline, it can be stated that such a tool is unambiguously applicable at various fleets and the flotillas of the Russian Navy - including for organizing actions in coastal zones with the involvement of the marines.
Photos used:
"Voennoye Obozreniye", Alekseev Central Design Bureau
19 comments
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 16 September 2020 09: 11 New
    +3
    The passenger ekranoplan in the Caspian and Black Sea may well be in demand. And in the north ...
    1. Lipchanin
      Lipchanin 16 September 2020 09: 22 New
      0
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      The passenger ekranoplan in the Caspian and Black Sea may well be in demand. And in the north ...

      Not necessarily in the Caspian and the Black Sea, but anywhere. It may well come in handy in the Baltic
      1. And why do you need
        And why do you need 16 September 2020 09: 47 New
        -1
        Quote: Lipchanin
        Quote: Mavrikiy
        The passenger ekranoplan in the Caspian and Black Sea may well be in demand. And in the north ...

        Not necessarily in the Caspian and the Black Sea, but anywhere. It may well come in handy in the Baltic

        And also in China, I think it won't take long to wait
        1. Lipchanin
          Lipchanin 16 September 2020 09: 48 New
          0
          Quote: Why do you need it?
          And also in China, I think it won't take long to wait

          belay And what does China have to do with it? belay
    2. NDR-791
      NDR-791 16 September 2020 09: 25 New
      +1
      Why didn't the Eaglet suit them? Well, swap engines for new modifications and fly. All the documentation for them has been preserved. The option was originally a cargo-passenger one. Or is it all for the sake of spending money?
    3. Reviews
      Reviews 16 September 2020 09: 35 New
      0
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      The passenger ekranoplan in the Caspian and Black Sea may well be in demand. And in the north ...

      North - yes. At the World Cup and the Caspian, the distances are not the same. And they will interfere with waterfowl - the lower the ekranoplane, the safer, and the airplane speed. No, it's dangerous. Even the Moremans themselves collide at speeds of 20-30 knots, and then immediately 400-500 km / h at an altitude of 5-20 m ...
      1. SOVIET UNION 2
        SOVIET UNION 2 16 September 2020 09: 51 New
        +3
        Well! Talking about collisions! Sometimes pedestrians collide with each other and with cars. It's wonderful to watch it in commercials! Airplanes are also no strangers to collisions. Therefore, the question with ekranoplanes is not at all funny. But I think they'll use radars. How can one fly so low into darkness or fog? If only in the sun ?! But even with the sun at a speed of 400 km per hour, it is difficult to see everything. and make a decision. Here drivers, at a speed of 40-60 km, do not have time to see the disguised pedestrians! Therefore, radars are required here.
    4. SVD68
      SVD68 16 September 2020 13: 45 New
      0
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      The passenger ekranoplan in the Caspian and Black Sea may well be in demand. And in the north ...

      So no one bothers to buy and use for individuals and companies.
  2. Alien From
    Alien From 16 September 2020 09: 28 New
    0
    This direction is unpromising. Proven back in the Union.
    1. SOVIET UNION 2
      SOVIET UNION 2 16 September 2020 09: 58 New
      +3
      Why is it a hopeless business? Are these speeds on the water, in the desert, or on the tundra contraindicated? There is rather a danger of a collision at that speed. And so for the Ministry of Emergency Situations, it is probably a very necessary technique. Probably another problem with navigation. Well, judging by the civil version of navigators, they are far from being navigators! They are still those Susanins!
    2. stalki
      stalki 16 September 2020 10: 01 New
      0
      This direction is unpromising. Proven back in the Union.
      It depends on how you look at it. If with patience and for the long term with fine-tuning, revision, to reduce the cost, then it is quite a worthy idea. And if already "tomorrow" it is of course futile. They don't want to bother.
  3. Maks1995
    Maks1995 16 September 2020 09: 29 New
    -4
    They are promoting the Chaika, but apparently they are not rushing.
    Already they painted with missiles on board, now there are troopers ...

    Sucks. She is ugly. Will not trample.
  4. rocket757
    rocket757 16 September 2020 09: 40 New
    -1
    A beautiful bird, lacquered, and waterfowl!
    And then, everything is not very clear!
  5. Andrei from Chelyabinsk
    Andrei from Chelyabinsk 16 September 2020 09: 56 New
    0
    Everything is as usual. They blinded the ekranoplan, now they are trying to vpendyurit the Ministry of Emergency Situations and the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation to receive a state order. Of course, bashfully silent the seaworthiness of this device, in order to avoid uncomfortable questions about how the ekranoplan will save people in a storm, if it does not fly in a storm. The idea of ​​landing from an ekranoplan on an unequipped coast is even more "amusing" - taking into account the fact that even a fighter with a machine gun can turn this device into a mass assault grave
  6. Ervin
    Ervin 16 September 2020 10: 01 New
    -2
    It would be nice to load the assembly line of the aircraft plant before the serial production of the Chaika-2 ekranoplan, as a test before the mass production of the ekranoplan, the production of the An-2 lightweight multi-purpose piston single-engine biplane with a bracing wing, since the last serial An-2 was built in 1971. This plane, An-2, is very necessary. According to the FSUE "SibNIA im. S. A. Chaplygin ", as of mid-2017, 90% of the tasks of small aviation in Russia were still performed by An-2 aircraft. There are many tasks for him, but to establish production - it does not work well. And then - such a convenient opportunity will turn up - and "riveted" the An-2 all over the country, and even for export, and, having debugged the assembly line, immediately start mass production of the "Chaika-2" ekranoplan.
    1. Asad
      Asad 17 September 2020 11: 44 New
      0
      The engine is no Russian, American expensive and sanctions! Twenty first century! We cannot create an engine on AH2!
  7. Pavel57
    Pavel57 16 September 2020 16: 34 New
    0
    Are there any restrictions on stormy weather?
  8. Dmitry Potapov
    Dmitry Potapov 16 September 2020 16: 46 New
    +1
    I cannot understand why the military does not seriously consider ekranoplanes as carriers of missiles and as a means of delivering equipment and troops to the enemy's shores?
  9. Radikal
    Radikal 17 September 2020 00: 22 New
    +1
    "Voennoye Obozreniye", Alekseev Central Design Bureau
    Talented, brilliant, one might say, the designer Rostislav Evgenievich Alekseev did not upload color pictures and models of his products (unlike those who use his developments and his name) in the public space, as the alleged result of the work done - he just worked and produced valid copies technology, and not his fault that they did not go into the series. Eternal memory to him. hi