Military Review

OTRK Precision Strike Missile. New features and old limitations

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OTRK Precision Strike Missile. New features and old limitations

General appearance of the PrSM rocket from Lockheed Martin


Since 2016, in the interests of the US ground forces, the advanced operational-tactical missile system Precision Strike Missile (PrSM) has been developed. Its first modification will enter trial operation in 2023 and will be able to hit stationary ground targets. In the future, it is planned to complete the development and put into service a new version of the PrSM with a homing missile. She will be able to hit moving objects, incl. ships.

From idea to project


The development of the PrSM project by several leading enterprises began in 2016-17. In parallel, two competing missile projects are being created, one of which will later be adopted. The PrSM is expected to replace the outdated ATACMS missile in arsenals and bring new capabilities to the ground forces.

According to current plans, the new OTRK in the first modification will be able to attack stationary targets with known coordinates. The firing range will reach 500 km - at the time of the development of the technical task, the restrictions of the INF Treaty were in force. Such a complex will become a more convenient, accurate and long-range replacement for the old ATACMS.

In the future, after 2023, it is proposed to complete a deep modernization of the PrSM with the replacement of all major components. First of all, they will improve the engine, which will increase the range to 700-800 km. It is also proposed to use a seeker with the ability to independently search for a target. Currently absent in US arsenals weapon with similar characteristics and capabilities.

At the test stage


In December 2019, Lockheed Martin conducted the first test launch of its version of the PrSM product. The rocket was launched from the TPK aboard the M142 HIMARS MLRS and flew 240 km. The shooting was called successful, although the goals and objectives of the launch were not specified. With the first shooting, Lockheed Martin outstripped its main competitor, Raytheon. The next test launch took place in March this year.


First start-up of PrSM, December 2019

In early June 2020, on the basis of one of the laboratories of the US Army, the first tests of the GOS were carried out for future modifications of the rocket. The prototype was suspended under the wing of an aircraft flying laboratory, after which it performed a flight according to a given program. During the flight, the seeker was able to detect conditional targets on land and on water. Army representatives clarified some of the details of the project, and also said that the prototype used only half of its capabilities.

New tests should take place in the near future. In them, the GOS will work "100%" and for a typical goal. After that, a third such test will take place, based on the results of which conclusions will be drawn. The next stage of work will be the introduction of the head into the rocket design. As previously reported, such events will end no earlier than 2023-25.

Technical details


In the statements of officials, in press releases and on the resources of the competing developers, enough information has already appeared to draw up a general technical appearance of the promising OTRK PrSM. Obviously, in the future we should expect the publication of new data and clarification of the existing picture.

Like its predecessor, ATACMS, the PrSM complex is based on the serial M270 and M142 multiple launch rocket launchers. On the standard MLRS installation, it is proposed to place transport and launch containers with four missiles, on HIMARS - with two. The procedures for deploying into position, preparing for firing and launching are not fundamentally different.


Second tests, March 2020

The PrSM missiles from Lockheed Martin and Raytheon are single-stage products with a cylindrical hull, a pointed nose cone and folding tail rudders. In terms of dimensions, they should be significantly different from ATACMS, due to which the serial launcher will use twice the ammunition load.

In the basic version, both missiles receive a solid-propellant engine with increased characteristics, due to which it is required to provide a firing range of 60 to 499 km. At the same time, according to various sources, a further increase in the range is also possible without fundamental processing of the rocket.

The first version of the rocket will receive an autopilot with inertial and satellite navigation, with the help of which the attack of targets with known coordinates will be provided. In terms of combat equipment, the PrSM should not be inferior to the serial ATACMS products, which carry a 227-kg monoblock warhead.

The next modification of the PrSM will receive a seeker, which is now being tested. It is reported that the experimental seeker includes a radar (probably active) and infrared component. Also, possibly, inertial and satellite systems will be used. The missile will enter the target area using navigation aids. The initial search for the target is assigned to the RGOS, and targeting in the final phase of the flight will be performed using the IKGOS.

Tactical niche


Thus, in 2023, the US Army will receive an OTRK with a ballistic missile with a range of up to 500 km, and after 2025 it will have to master a complex with a quasi-ballistic ammunition with a range of up to 700-800 km. The first version of PrSM will be a replacement for ATACMS missiles, which favorably differ in basic tactical and technical characteristics and combat capabilities.


ATACMS rocket launch from the M270 launcher

The next modification of the rocket looks much more interesting, for which key components are already being worked out. Precision Strike Missile with an increased range and double seeker will be able to hit point and / or moving targets of all kinds. With the help of such a missile, it will be possible to attack ground objects, convoys of vehicles and combat vehicles, and even ships. A launch range of up to 800 km will give serious advantages in the preparation and conduct of a strike. It is important that such weapons go to the missile units of the ground forces.

In 2023-25. the US Army plans to receive several promising weapons of various kinds at once. Together with the first PrSM battery, a division of self-propelled howitzers M1299 is expected, the first medium-range missiles of a new type, the LRHW hypersonic complex, etc. Some of these developments are intended for missile forces and artillery.

Brigadier General John Rafferty, Director of Advanced Systems Modernization Command, recently indicated that the PrSM OTRK will become the main weapon of the army's missile units in the future. In this case, the complex will merge into a larger weapons system, which includes all new developments.

The presence of several complexes for different purposes will allow for deployment with the greatest compliance with plans and objectives. It will be possible to concentrate systems of different classes in one area, and the enemy will not know what opportunities the garrison has - until he makes reconnaissance.

Necessity and opportunity


The need to replace ATACMS missiles, which are becoming obsolete morally and physically, has long been ripe. In the mid-tenths, it was decided to phase out such weapons in favor of a promising model being developed as part of the new Precision Strike Missile program.


MLRS HIMARS uses ATACMS missile

Modern technologies make it possible to improve the flight performance of the PrSM in comparison with the predecessor rocket, and the range is not limited to the original 499 km. In addition, opportunities have been found for creating a GOS, which sharply increases the combat qualities and potential of the product.

It is curious that not only technical advances, but also a change in international obligations, made it possible to raise the characteristics. Due to the current INF Treaty, the range of the missile being developed was limited to 500 km. After the collapse of the contract, you can create a new modification with higher characteristics.

Thus, by now a rather interesting situation has developed. It combined objective necessity, technical and technological capabilities, and then the absence of legal restrictions. Experimental missiles are already becoming the result of these processes;

Which of the proposed projects will receive Pentagon approval and go into service is unknown. However, it is already clear that Lockheed Martin, Raytheon, allied enterprises and the US Army have every opportunity to radically modernize missile units. As a result, in the second half of the twenties, MLRS and HIMARS will acquire new fighting qualities that can cause serious concern.
Author:
Photos used:
US Army, Lockheed Martin
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 15 September 2020 18: 04 New
    +1
    Thank you. Interesting.
  2. Grazdanin
    Grazdanin 15 September 2020 18: 13 New
    +2
    MLRS and HIMARS have long ceased to be purely MLRS, rather they are universal launchers. Air defense options were tested, AIM-120 missiles were launched from HIMARS.
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 15 September 2020 18: 26 New
    +2
    More accurate, versatile, mobile systems, logical development of these systems.
    1. lucul
      lucul 15 September 2020 18: 38 New
      -4
      More accurate, versatile, mobile systems, logical development of these systems.

      An analogue of Iskander.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 15 September 2020 19: 13 New
        +4
        Iskander did not introduce himself yet, as a homing missile. Strikes at reconnoitered targets, coordinates. It hits well, accurately, but according to coordinates set in advance.
        Let's just say they want to raise the level of "intelligence" of the rocket higher.
      2. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 15 September 2020 19: 13 New
        -1
        Rather, a mixture of tornado and dot ... in modern conditions.
        1. voyaka uh
          voyaka uh 15 September 2020 23: 05 New
          0
          An analogue of Iskander. "American Iskander", so to speak. yes
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 15 September 2020 18: 42 New
      +2
      Quote: rocket757
      logical development of these systems.

      ?
      Illogical.
      MLRS is not the optimal "platform" for the use of missiles.
      1. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 15 September 2020 19: 14 New
        0
        And what is the difference between Mzkt Smercha and Mzkt Iskander?
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 15 September 2020 19: 50 New
          0
          Quote: Zaurbek
          And what is the difference between Mzkt Smercha and Mzkt Iskander?

          Everybody.
          For example, Iskander does not have lifting and slewing mechanisms.
      2. rocket757
        rocket757 15 September 2020 19: 16 New
        +1
        About the rocket, not about the platform from which it is launched.
        Their MLRS has not received such a comprehensive development as ours ... this is their decision. The main thing is that it would be effective.
        1. Grazdanin
          Grazdanin 15 September 2020 19: 40 New
          +2
          Quote: rocket757
          them MLRS, did not receive such a comprehensive development as ours

          The theater of operations and the concept of conducting troops are different. The ILC will triple the number of HIMARS by 3. New rockets will still be created for this installation.
      3. Zementbomber
        Zementbomber 16 September 2020 15: 01 New
        0
        On the contrary, it is she who is the optimal universal platform. It was opened by the Brazilians on the Astros-2 in times immemorial.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 16 September 2020 18: 03 New
          -1
          Quote: Zementbomber
          On the contrary, it is she who is the optimal universal platform.

          Yeah. You can screw a scoop on one handle on one side, and a broom on the other. Yes, not very convenient ... but a universal platform
          1. Zementbomber
            Zementbomber 17 September 2020 10: 12 New
            +2
            But if on the same handle you can quickly and easily replace the scoop with a broom - everything will be very cool. good What the States did. wink
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 17 September 2020 10: 14 New
              -1
              Quote: Zementbomber
              But if on the same handle you can quickly and easily replace the scoop with a broom - everything will be very cool.

              Cool ...
              When you have to rake the garbage with your paws on the scoop, and not with a broom. What, in fact, is the speech about.
              good
              1. Zementbomber
                Zementbomber 17 September 2020 11: 51 New
                +1
                "Already niyak!" For 100500 years, nothing has been stopping one fire platoon in the battery from operating a ballistic missile, and the other two from working as NURs for MLRS.
                1. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 17 September 2020 14: 37 New
                  -1
                  Quote: Zementbomber
                  For 100500 years already, nothing has prevented one fire platoon in the battery from working with ballistic missiles, and the other two - working as NURs for MLRS.

                  laughing laughing laughing
                  Nothing gets in the way. Especially brains
                  But if they were, then the Americans would have separate MLRS and separate launchers for guided missiles.

                  But Americans are unequivocally inadequate with regard to artillery
                  1. Zementbomber
                    Zementbomber 17 September 2020 14: 57 New
                    +1
                    That's precisely because the Americans have brains - they switched to a unified PU. And some of them didn't have enough brains ...
                    1. Lopatov
                      Lopatov 17 September 2020 16: 31 New
                      -1
                      Quote: Zementbomber
                      That's precisely because the Americans have brains - they switched to a unified PU.

                      Ага.
                      Uma, damn it, ward. laughing

                      MLRS and PU UR have different methods of combat use, a different place in the battle formation
                      And they cannot be in two places at the same time, simultaneously performing two tasks.

                      Quote: Zementbomber
                      And some of them didn't have enough brains ...

                      And thank God!
                      I hope that this is not enough.
                      Let others brag about a meat grinder with a folding knife blade, which can be cut off bread when needed
  4. Magic archer
    Magic archer 15 September 2020 18: 28 New
    +1
    Well then. The concept of using MLRS as a platform for both MLRS and tactical weapons has fully justified itself. At the same time, the perfect disguise. The enemy doesn't know the stuffing. We have a lot to learn.
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 15 September 2020 18: 43 New
      -2
      Quote: Magic Archer
      We have a lot to learn.

      Not at all. Although attempts are being made
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 15 September 2020 18: 54 New
      +1
      Here's an example, the British LIMAWS (R). Able to perform absolutely the same functionality for the use of guided weapons as HIMARS


      But at the same time it is easier, cheaper, easier



      For the use of SD, the capabilities of the MLRS are both redundant and insufficient
      1. Grazdanin
        Grazdanin 15 September 2020 19: 11 New
        +1
        Quote: Spade
        functional for the use of guided weapons, as HIMARS

        Naturally, they are the same, the packages with the guides are the same, and ATACMS could be launched from it, respectively, and promising missiles. LIMAWS (R) and HIMARS are completely identical in functionality. The Briton is only easier.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 15 September 2020 19: 44 New
          +1
          Quote: Grazdanin
          The Briton is only easier.

          Not only easier.
          For example, it has a simplified lifting mechanism and does not have a swivel mechanism at all. They are not needed to apply SD.
      2. d4rkmesa
        d4rkmesa 17 September 2020 09: 28 New
        0
        Are you proposing to rearm the ground forces of the Russian Federation with the same controlled "toys" instead of Tornado-G?
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 17 September 2020 09: 37 New
          0
          Quote: d4rkmesa
          Are you proposing to rearm the ground forces of the Russian Federation with the same controlled "toys" instead of Tornado-G?

          Why "instead of"?
          Not "instead of" but "together"
          Iskander is still redundant to defeat, for example, a bunker in the second line.
  5. Ryaruav
    Ryaruav 15 September 2020 19: 52 New
    -5
    They have to strain themselves before the Iskander of the last issues of 5 years, but I think ours are also preparing something (here we think the staff and everything is normal)
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 15 September 2020 19: 55 New
      +2
      Quote: Ryaruav
      them to the iskander of the last issues of 5 years to strain

      But this is not "Iskander"
      Plus MLRS and HIMARS are division level, don't forget about that.
      1. Ryaruav
        Ryaruav 15 September 2020 20: 01 New
        -4
        and our whirlwinds and tornadoes are worse in your opinion? and we will start shooting with Iskanders from the usual air force at the headquarters of the airfields and warehouses of the MTO
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 15 September 2020 20: 03 New
          +3
          Quote: Ryaruav
          and our whirlwinds and tornadoes are worse in your opinion?

          I remind you that at the level of the Grad and Tornado-G divisions
          Do you think they are worse?
          1. Zementbomber
            Zementbomber 16 September 2020 15: 21 New
            +1
            See below E. The "guys in white hats" - in the department. PA brigade - 54-90 MLRS / PU BR class "Uragan" + "Iskander"
      2. Zementbomber
        Zementbomber 16 September 2020 15: 19 New
        +2
        And the "heavy" division and the army corps (which, according to the tasks in the US Army, corresponds to the Russian combined arms or tank army). The MLRS brigade is now capable of firing up to 180 BRs in one salvo. Will be capable - up to 360. orbr MFA SV RF Armed Forces - 24. Guess three times - who will win the duel on the second echelons / reserves?
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 16 September 2020 18: 01 New
          -1
          Quote: Zementbomber
          Guess three times - who will win the second echelons / reserves duel?

          Russia. Because Russia has more artillery and MLRS.
          1. Zementbomber
            Zementbomber 17 September 2020 07: 28 New
            +2
            The answer is WRONG. Given the overwhelming quantitative and qualitative superiority of the enemy in operational-tactical aviation and ASP, as well as in the OTBR - superiority in artillery barrels and the MLRS fleet - nothing not worth it.
            1. Lopatov
              Lopatov 17 September 2020 07: 36 New
              -1
              Quote: Zementbomber
              In conditions of overwhelming quantitative and qualitative superiority of the enemy in operational-tactical aviation

              ... which can be easily stopped by a powerful ground-based air defense component, as well as by Iskander strikes against airfields.

              Someone just got stuck in the late 40s of the last century, when "air supremacy" could give something, and airfields in the conditions of such dominance were invulnerable, and air defense systems were ineffective.

              Quote: Zementbomber
              superiority in artillery barrels and a MLRS fleet is worth nothing.

              Yeah .... The women are still giving birth. Polish. laughing laughing laughing
              1. Zementbomber
                Zementbomber 17 September 2020 11: 48 New
                +2
                The Russian Armed Forces do not have a sufficient number of Iskanders, or really capable air defense of the ground and air defense of strategic communications. That says it all.
                Well, yes, according to the position of "women are still giving birth" - a potential demographer-resource of the Alliance countries - covers the Russian Federation (even together with the CSTO) "like a bull a sheep" (C)
                1. Lopatov
                  Lopatov 17 September 2020 14: 38 New
                  -1
                  Quote: Zementbomber
                  The Russian Armed Forces do not have a sufficient number of Iskanders, or really capable air defense of the ground and air defense of strategic communications. That says it all.

                  Yes, of course...
                  After all, Gerasimov reports to you every morning
                  laughing laughing laughing

                  Quote: Zementbomber
                  Well, yes, according to the position "women are still giving birth" - a potential demographic resource of the Alliance countries - covers the Russian Federation (even together with the CSTO) "like a bull a sheep" (c)

                  Yes?
                  What if the migrants don't want to fight?
  6. DDZ57
    DDZ57 16 September 2020 10: 32 New
    0
    An interesting solution.
    Two universal transport launchers with a loading device on a wheeled and tracked chassis.
    TPK are transported on a conventional universal machine with a multi-lift on a Flat Rack container platform or without it.
    There is no need for a specialized TPM, loading a TPK takes much less time than loading a MLRS of the Russian Federation.
    Minimum personnel.
    Automated control system, the possibility of network centrism.
    The next step is a TPK with cruise missiles or with an oblique or vertical launch missile or with a UAV, etc. and so on (the imagination is not limited).
    1. Grazdanin
      Grazdanin 16 September 2020 16: 52 New
      +1
      Quote: DDZ57
      SAM of inclined or vertical launch

      Already. The Aim-120 was tested on HIMARS. It has not yet gone into production. ILC increases the number of HIMARS by 3 times. There will also be new missiles. Including hypersonic, KR, anti-ship missiles, air defense, etc. Everything is in the plans until 2030.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 16 September 2020 18: 04 New
        -1
        Quote: Grazdanin
        Already. Aim-120s were tested on HIMARS. It has not yet gone into production.

        Hope they go ...
        When the enemy is not particularly adequate, it's great.
  7. eklmn
    eklmn 16 September 2020 21: 59 New
    +1
    An interesting news day today!
    The Iskanders are no longer laughing (judging by the article), the Su-57 flies nervously around the corner, tk. "The US Air Force builds and flew a mysterious full-scale prototype of its future fighter."
    https://www.defensenews.com/breaking-news/2020/09/15/the-us-air-force-has-built-and-flown-a-mysterious-full-scale-prototype-of-its-future-fighter-jet/
    and Borei's submarines surfaced from the depths, tk. The US Navy awarded a contract to build a Virginia Block V-class submarine.
    https://www.naval-technology.com/news/us-navy-awards-contract-for-new-block-v-virginia-class-submarines/
  8. DDZ57
    DDZ57 17 September 2020 05: 29 New
    0
    Quote: Spade
    Quote: Grazdanin
    Already. Aim-120s were tested on HIMARS. It has not yet gone into production.

    Hope they go ...
    When the enemy is not particularly adequate, it's great.


    Perfect for whom?
    For those who will not stand for the price.
  9. Sckepsis
    Sckepsis Yesterday, 10: 34 New
    0
    The warhead is the same, the size of the missile is half the size, the range is three times more ... I understand, new fuel formulations, but still some kind of painfully steep leap.