Military Review

Secret War Behind Enemy Lines: False Partisans Against Popular Avengers

71
Secret War Behind Enemy Lines: False Partisans Against Popular Avengers

The hostilities that were fought against the Nazi occupiers on the territory of the Soviet Union they had seized have always been and still remain one of the most mysterious and dramatic chapters of the annals of the Great Patriotic War. A lot of misunderstandings and "white spots", alas, create a space for the emergence of certain innuendo and false interpretations, which must be refuted, no matter how many years have passed since those events.


One of the favorite myths of various "exposers" and "desacralizers" of the military feat of the Soviet people is the assertion that the partisan movement unfolding in the regions occupied by the Nazis was not only useless and did not make a significant contribution to the common victory, but almost harmful. They say that the fighters who called themselves the people's avengers, who fought far from the front line, were in fact the same oppressors for the local residents, like the Nazis and their accomplices who came to our land.

Allegedly, they robbed their own compatriots, condemning them to death by starvation, mocked them, raped and killed. I will not even try to argue that nothing like this happened. Unfortunately, all this happened. But those who committed these atrocities had nothing to do with the true partisan movement. On the contrary, such groups and detachments were just created by our enemies to discredit him and, ideally, complete and final destruction.

The military and political leadership of the Third Reich did not immediately realize the enormous danger to itself of the people's war that broke out in the "conquered" expanses of the USSR with uninvited guests. Somewhere the activities of underground and partisan groups were carefully prepared ahead of time, and their leadership was carried out by cadre officers of the NKVD, military intelligence, and party workers. In other places, the detachments of those who were eager to beat the enemy in his rear, arose spontaneously or were formed from soldiers and commanders of the Red Army, who could not get out of the encirclement, but add weapon did not want to.

Like streams flowing into mighty rivers, these groups, detachments, cells over time began to merge into whole formations, representing a significant threat to enemy communications and rear garrisons. The development of the partisan movement was also facilitated by the increasing assistance of the "mainland" over time. By the end of the autumn of 1942, the Wehrmacht command was forced to additionally transfer 5 divisions to carry out punitive and anti-partisan operations to the Reichskommissariats located on Soviet territory. Another 50 thousand personnel were involved in the same functions in the combat zone of the ground forces. For the Hitlerite command, the diversion of such forces from the front was, of course, unacceptable.

In the fight against the partisan movement, the invaders used various methods. As a rule, total terror, which was supposed to make the local population forget about even the weakest attempts of resistance. However, the Nazis did not take into account either the Russian character or the Soviet upbringing. In the end, their atrocities had an effect that was exactly the opposite of what was intended. After each punitive action, the number of the people's avengers and their rage towards the enemy only increased.

At a certain stage, the invaders realized that the only way to eradicate the partisan movement was to completely "cut off" it from the support of the civilian population of those territories where its formations operated. Left without food, reinforcements, messengers and scouts, the partisans were to become easy prey for the punishers. But how could this task be achieved if the fear and terror on which the stake was initially placed did not work? Alas, they were not fools in Hitler's headquarters and special services: it was they who came to the conclusion that civilians should begin to fear and hate partisans more than German soldiers and policemen.

Now it is no longer possible to establish for certain who, when and where the first false partisan detachments were created, the purpose of which was both the physical destruction of the real partisans and their maximum denigration of them in the eyes of the local population. Similar operations were carried out by local branches of the Abwehr and SD, the field gendarmerie, and the Gestapo. As a rule, former criminals, other marginal scum, who happily went to the service of the Nazis, became "human material" for such groups. Moreover, participation in this kind of "masquerade" was less dangerous and promised much more opportunities for a pleasant pastime than just serving in the police. Local nationalists, especially in the Baltic States and Western Ukraine, also served as a considerable "personnel reserve" for the Nazis.

Most often, stocks of uniforms and weapons of the Red Army captured in 1941-1942 were used to equip fake detachments. The Nazis got them, alas, a lot ... "Werewolves" were dressed in Soviet military uniforms (most often without insignia), armed and released "on the hunt." The traitors' tactics in this case were simple but effective. Entering the villages, they began to look for those who could help "find their own", that is, partisans. The trouble is, if there were those who believed them: martyrdom awaited the messengers themselves, and if they had time to tell about the location of the partisan camp, the whole detachment could have perished.

It was common for such gangs to set up a general "expropriation" in the village or village they visited, during which not only all valuable things, but also products were taken away cleanly. Violence against women was also a widespread practice of these non-humans. All those who were dissatisfied or dared to be indignant were killed on the spot. At the same time, changelings often executed local policemen or elders to maintain their own "partisan legend". The "Aryans", who did not even consider the inhabitants of the "conquered territories" completely loyal to them, as people, turned a blind eye to such things, writing off their own lackeys as "inevitable losses."

I will give just one example of the actions of such a pseudo-partisan gang operating in the Pskov region and on the territory of Belarus - the Martynovsky-Reshetnikov group, well-known to connoisseurs of this subject. They are responsible for the murder of many partisans, their surrender to punishers, mass executions of civilians, torture, humiliation and the destruction of entire settlements. Most of these non-humans were hunted down and destroyed by the partisans themselves. Only Igor Reshetnikov, who survived the war years and even managed to become an agent of American intelligence, waited for a well-deserved reckoning for 20 years: he was exposed and shot only in 1964.

Such actions were especially widespread after the decision in 1944 by the chief of the SS Heinrich Himmler to create the SS-Jagdverband fighter units. In their system, in addition to punitive detachments and pseudo-partisan groups, there were special schools for training not only saboteurs, but also agents whose purpose was to penetrate the formation of popular avengers in order to hand them over to the invaders. The Hitlerite special services used this method very actively and, unfortunately, quite successfully. However, this is already a topic for a separate story.
Author:
Photos used:
Wikipedia / OUN-UPA (banned in the Russian Federation)
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  1. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 12 September 2020 05: 26 New
    11
    Secret War Behind Enemy Lines: False Partisans Against Popular Avengers

    For citizens of the country (citizens of the former USSR), this article is a reminder. We have known this from early childhood. For example, when I started reading at the age of five.
    Especially imprinted in the memory of the phrase of the article:
    Now it is no longer possible to establish for certain who, when and where the first false partisan detachments were created ...
    I will give just one example of the actions of such a false partisan gang ...

    Sorry, but you don't need to start such a topic to get to the top. There are a lot of facts, and once again touching and stirring up memory in passing is not ethical. Moreover, to end the article with a phrase from the series: "The investigation was conducted":
    However, this is already a topic for a separate story.
    ,
    - such a respected author is not appropriate.
    hi
    1. Pessimist22
      Pessimist22 12 September 2020 05: 56 New
      16
      The Nobel laureate from Belarus S. Alekseevich also says that the partisans were worse than the SS, it was not in vain that she received the prize from the owners, she works out conscientiously.
      1. Hunter 2
        Hunter 2 12 September 2020 07: 18 New
        +5
        They remembered this old, corrupt scribbler again ... stop Alexievich is an ordinary VANE. The one who pays is the one who dances. Read her essay "The Sword and the Flame of the Revolution" for 1977, in which this sad it simply adores Felix Dzerzhinsky with admiration, Fiercely hates fascism, wholeheartedly believes in the ideals of the Revolution what I think it will be interesting for you. Well, the Nobel Prize has become an ordinary farce, a show with previously known results ... let it make fun laughing
        About the article - Zero information. At first I thought that apparently it had not fully loaded, I rebooted and read it again.
        Why post such articles, especially on such Serious topics?
        1. rich
          rich 12 September 2020 10: 32 New
          +7
          false partisans


          more - https://vm.ru/society/510685-lzhepartizany-delo-a-15511-pod-vidom-narodnyh-mstitelej-karateli-szhigali-celye-derevni
          1. Doctor
            Doctor 12 September 2020 16: 42 New
            +4
            more details - https://vm.ru/society/510685-lzhepartizany-delo-a-15511-pod-vidom-narodnyh-mstitelej-karateli-szhigali-celye-derevni

            Point Nine.





      2. Insurgent
        Insurgent 12 September 2020 09: 55 New
        19
        Quote: Pessimist22
        The Nobel laureate from Belarus S. Alekseevich also says that the partisans were worse than the SS, it was not in vain that she received the prize from the owners, she works out conscientiously.


        Well, someone just distorts the history of the Second World War, out of feeble mind (a poster on the occasion of the end of the Second World War):



        Attention is drawn to the inscription (the organizer of the event?) - "OD Sports against drugs"...
        1. Insurgent
          Insurgent 12 September 2020 10: 12 New
          13
          Quote: Insurgent
          Well, someone simply distorts the history of the Second World War, out of feeble mind (a poster on the occasion of the end of the Second World War)

          Well, what is the "minus"? Concept / definition - "Kaiser's Japan"should we get back to normal?
          1. AK1972
            AK1972 12 September 2020 10: 54 New
            +8
            Do not understand why you are being minus? These are either your secret "admirers", or the victims of the exam. Compensate for the cons as I can.
            1. Insurgent
              Insurgent 12 September 2020 11: 50 New
              +6
              Quote: AK1972
              your secret "admirers"

              There are those from the local Bandera underground and newcomers from the near-reikh ..
              Quote: AK1972
              Compensate for the cons as I can.

              Thank you.
          2. rich
            rich 12 September 2020 10: 54 New
            +3
            The creation of pseudo-partisan groups began at the end of 1941 and continued until the liberation of our republic. Even after the start of Operation Bagration, the reconnaissance report of the operational group of the Belorussian Headquarters of the Partisan Movement on the 3rd Belorussian Front noted that “recently, the Germans, in order to conduct reconnaissance in the partisan zones, have created false partisan groups from traitors and SS units. The traitors are dressed in the uniform of partisans, on their headdresses - Red Army stars, and some have medals "Partisans of the Patriotic War" I and II degrees. "
          3. Doctor
            Doctor 12 September 2020 17: 53 New
            0
            Well, what is the "minus"? Concept / definition - "Kaiser's Japan" should be normalized here?

            With regard to the fight against partisans, one can rather speak of Kaiser's France.
            From the orders of the French 286th Security Division:





          4. Captain45
            Captain45 13 September 2020 20: 20 New
            0
            Quote: Insurgent
            Well, what is the "minus"? Concept / definition - "Kaiser's Japan" should be normalized here?

            Colleagues, well, let's stick to what you stand for so fiercely - the historical truth! Well, what, for a vegetable garden, "Kaiser Japan"? Well, what kind of Kaiser in Japan ?! Emperor and only emperor, descendant of the goddess Amaterasu, japanese mother! Kaiser in Germany and only until 1918, your mutter! Freaks ...
        2. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 12 September 2020 12: 01 New
          +8
          In this case, drugs won over sports.
    2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 12 September 2020 13: 53 New
      -2
      As for the 'respected' you are clearly excited. Another crackling. Kharapuzhny obviously has an idiosyncrasy to factual material and figures.
    3. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
      Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 12 September 2020 21: 45 New
      -2
      ... To me, for example, when at the age of five I began to read

      Prodigy. At the age of five I immediately got hooked on memoirism. Was he writing his dissertation at ten?
  2. Free wind
    Free wind 12 September 2020 05: 33 New
    +3
    And what kind of photo, who has it and where? And then something is not clear, who is without shoulder straps, and the person in the center, a uniform with shoulder straps. The machine gunner's shoulder straps are also visible. And in the background a person has a German uniform, although I may be mistaken.
    1. Catfish
      Catfish 12 September 2020 08: 59 New
      +4
      Alexander, you have noticed everything well. They are all there not in gymnasts, but in service jackets, two of them seem to have German caps, you are right about the machine gunner - there is a braid on the collar. I did a little bit of editing in Photoshop and here's what became noticeable.
      One of them has some kind of order on his neck (?); the guy with the SVT has a holster suspended from his belt (we only wore this in the navy, but this is clearly not a TT); all have Soviet weapons, and their commander has an MP-38/40.
      The photo has a signature - upa 1947. But they are too "smooth" for the Banderaites.


      1. rich
        rich 12 September 2020 10: 39 New
        +5
        This topic is analyzed in great detail in the study of Svyatoslav Kulinok
        link: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/banda-komprometirovala-sovetskuyu-vlast-i-nastoyaschih-narodnyh-mstiteley-partizan-lzhepartizany-protiv-partizan/viewer
      2. bubalik
        bubalik 12 September 2020 13: 25 New
        +2
        Free wind (ALEXANDER) Today, 06:33
        Sea Cat (Constantine) Today, 09: 59

        ,,, the spider web says that ,,, an unknown rebel group. Rivne region, approximately 1947
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 12 September 2020 13: 27 New
          +3
          Well yes. "Insurgent detachment" is a tolerant name for Bandera bandits. Only the photo is clearly staged, for the Western press, everything is too clean and well-fed.
      3. Helmet
        Helmet 14 September 2020 14: 15 New
        0
        Quote: Sea Cat
        all have Soviet weapons

        I apologize, since when is the "Kar 98" Soviet? Soviet only DP27 and SVT
        1. Catfish
          Catfish 14 September 2020 14: 33 New
          +1
          Don't apologize, you are right, but I overlooked. ))
  3. Olgovich
    Olgovich 12 September 2020 05: 55 New
    14
    80% of the article is an introduction and 20% is specific to the topic. recourse
  4. A. Privalov
    A. Privalov 12 September 2020 06: 01 New
    +9
    The partisans made an enormous contribution to the fight against the German occupation. There are a lot of deniers of everything and every different degree of frostbite and absurdity today. Such, no doubt, should be given a serious rebuff.

    Anti-partisan methods have been worked out long ago. They differ only in relation to the conditions of the area where such actions are carried out. The conditions of, say, Vietnam are different from those of, say, Afghanistan. Angola from Cambodia, Syria from Colombia or Nicaragua. Nothing special can be invented today. But this does not make such a struggle easier.
  5. riwas
    riwas 12 September 2020 06: 10 New
    15
    I read how our people used the "partisan" experience to destroy Bandera in Ukraine and the "forest brothers" in the Baltics. Detachments were created, which in appearance, weapons, knowledge of the local language, etc. corresponded to the local ones. Communication was only with Moscow, they did not trust the locals. In addition, special military support units were at the ready, which were activated at the command of Moscow. Small groups were destroyed themselves, and large groups were destroyed by military units at the request of the center.
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 12 September 2020 06: 30 New
      +6
      Quote: riwas
      Small groups destroyed themselves, and large - military units on request through the center.

      Time has shown that some managed to survive ...
    2. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 12 September 2020 10: 00 New
      +4
      Quote: riwas
      Detachments were created, which in appearance, weapons, knowledge of the local language, etc. corresponded to the local ones. Communication was only with Moscow, they did not trust the locals.

      This form was quickly abandoned - the hunters themselves became victims. Knowledge of local realities, like the local dialect, was insufficient to fulfill the plan. The UPA militants knew each other by sight, it was easy to get into an ambush.
      In the same way, they refused to involve aviation and artillery in the operations to destroy the gangs - in the conditions of the vast forest areas, their impact was ineffective, although in the period from 1944 to 1945 the Banderaites did not really hide, they had permanent bases.
      And after the defeat of the gangs of more than 40-50 people, the main burden of the struggle fell on the operatives who kept in touch with the agents among the local residents, the mobile groups of the MGB who covered these operatives, and the cavalry units and garrisons who were called to the place of detection of the gangs for liquidation.
  6. mr.ZinGer
    mr.ZinGer 12 September 2020 06: 44 New
    17
    Mr. Kharaluzhny already has a tendency to write articles about nothing. As always, there are no facts, no figures. Another "working off". I wonder what makes the author drive such a hack.
    1. Ragnar Lodbrok
      Ragnar Lodbrok 12 September 2020 10: 07 New
      18
      Quote: mr.ZinGer
      what makes the author to drive such hack.


      Many comments are more interesting and informative than haraluzhny opuses.
    2. Alf
      Alf 12 September 2020 11: 08 New
      -10
      Quote: mr.ZinGer
      Mr. Kharaluzhny already has a tendency to write articles about nothing. As always, there are no facts, no figures. Another "working off". I wonder what makes the author drive such a hack.

      You'd better write. Shame, so to speak ...
      1. mr.ZinGer
        mr.ZinGer 12 September 2020 18: 23 New
        +4
        If a similar article appeared on Yandex Zen then there were no comments on my part.
        The author must first of all respect himself, and then the public for which he writes, here is a blatant hack. I read a lot of such articles in Soviet times, and there is not much about anything.
        Write your message better, I don't even want to comment, the disadvantages speak for themselves.
        1. Alf
          Alf 12 September 2020 22: 00 New
          0
          Quote: mr.ZinGer
          Write your message, I'd rather not even comment,

          Because you are not able to write at least something.
          Quote: mr.ZinGer
          cons speak for themselves.

          And as for the minuses, there are a handful of personalities here who minus, based on personal relationships. I have noticed for a long time that even if you say that twice is two or four, there will still be some irregular breathing who will put a minus, and secretly, without giving any reasoning.
          1. mr.ZinGer
            mr.ZinGer 12 September 2020 23: 30 New
            +3
            You monitor your condition.
            "At least something" I will not write and do not want to, because I respect myself and others.
            1. Alf
              Alf 12 September 2020 23: 54 New
              -1
              Quote: mr.ZinGer
              "At least something" I will not write and do not want to, because I respect myself and others.

              Here you are right. Respect those who will read your "works". More precisely, have pity on them.
              1. mr.ZinGer
                mr.ZinGer 13 September 2020 00: 13 New
                +3
                You have not read my "works", so you can talk about it only after the fact.
                Feel sorry for yourself, for you like the empty chatter of Mr. Kharaluzhny.
                1. Alf
                  Alf 13 September 2020 00: 32 New
                  -2
                  Quote: mr.ZinGer
                  You have not read my "works", so you can talk about it only after the fact.

                  So how can your works be read if you haven't written a word? Your logic is also lame.
                  1. mr.ZinGer
                    mr.ZinGer 13 September 2020 00: 46 New
                    +3
                    With logic, everything is fine with me, you are already running ahead, sorry for my potential readers in advance.
  7. parusnik
    parusnik 12 September 2020 07: 05 New
    +6
    A good topic, but not disclosed. One of the episodes. In 1943, a group of false partisans operated near Minsk, led by a certain Kurkash, they robbed the farms and peasants of the village of Zabolotye. The partisans themselves recalled that the bandits managed to turn the population against the partisans.
    1. stalkerwalker
      stalkerwalker 12 September 2020 10: 12 New
      +2
      Quote: parusnik
      The partisans themselves recalled that the bandits managed to turn the population against the partisans

      The problem can be roughly divided into two parts.
      1. These are the entourage of 1941. Huddled together in small groups, they did not particularly care about the fight against the enemy in the occupied territory, or about the image of the partisan movement.
      2. Real partisans who believed that the local population was obliged to supply them with food.
      Cases were not isolated throughout the entire space from Lvov and Brest, to the territories that remained under the Germans until 1943.
      With regret I read about a similar thing in a book published last year. The author on the first pages flaunts in the uniform of a colonel of the USSR Armed Forces, and in fact, half of the book is devoted to these "partisans" who, in the author's opinion, were infinite in the territory of the Oryol Region.
      I did not remember the title of the book and the author. The book stayed at home.
      1. rich
        rich 12 September 2020 10: 44 New
        +1
        is it better to stop using the word “false partisan?” After all, there were essentially saboteurs and provocateurs. And even outright criminal bandits. Why invent and wind up words?
  8. Avior
    Avior 12 September 2020 07: 19 New
    +6
    The topic is complex and poorly studied seriously, often controversial.
    Maybe someday they will undertake to study it seriously, so far only in scraps.
    The author noted as an obvious fact the connection between the scale of the partisan movement and the increase in the death of civilians in the occupied territories as a result of the repressions of the Germans. But among historians, almost no one wants to take it seriously.
    It is known, for example, that the leadership of the partisan movement had views on completely different forms of partisan struggle, without the massive involvement of civilians. There is a memoir by Ilya Starinov with a mention of this.
    But on the whole, the topic is hidden, like the archives on the partisan movement, they are rather closed than open.
    On the website for the awardees, you will not find award sheets for the GSS-leaders of the partisan movement - Saburov, Kovpak. Only a line that the award was without a description, for what. Closed Information.
    And so on ...
    1. Andrey VOV
      Andrey VOV 12 September 2020 08: 42 New
      +1
      The documents in the archives are opened, mainly until the hands have reached those detachments that were created directly from the employees of the NKVD, just until a real researcher was found on this topic and published a decent study, but I am sure that over time the topic will be revealed so that it is clear and the whole gravity of the struggle against the invaders is clear and to be remembered.
      1. Avior
        Avior 12 September 2020 08: 58 New
        0
        The detachments created from the employees of the NKVD and from the army were very few in the total mass.
        There are contradictory moments in the partisan movement, so professional historians are not very willing to take on, especially when it comes to serious peer-reviewed works.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 12 September 2020 09: 38 New
          +5
          Quote: Avior
          There are contradictory moments in the partisan movement, so professional historians are not very willing to take on, especially when it comes to serious peer-reviewed works.

          The most interesting thing is that the topic "not all partisans are equally useful" was raised even in the memoirs of partisan commanders published in Soviet times. In them there were references to "decomposed partisan detachments": they drink vodka, run after women, rob the local population and do not fight nichrome, they just flaunt their "partisanship". And what they did with such detachments: "they surrounded the place of deployment, the leadership was put on trial, the rank and file were scattered among their detachments under strict supervision."
          1. Avior
            Avior 12 September 2020 10: 01 New
            +2
            There are also documents in this regard.
            But no one wants to take up the study seriously and carefully, the topic is complex.
            There were also other nuances - the attitude towards Jews and some other categories of the population, the executions of German prisoners were common - there was nowhere to put them and there were many other nuances.
            There were different people in the forest, and the control over them was not very strong, unlike the army, for example.
            Therefore, it happened in different ways.
            1. Insurgent
              Insurgent 12 September 2020 10: 36 New
              +6
              Quote: Avior
              executions of captured Germans were common

              This is a claim to "inhumanity","violation of the norms, rules and customs of war"to the people driven by the invaders into the wilderness-swamps on their own land?
              1. Avior
                Avior 12 September 2020 10: 54 New
                +2
                This is one of the obvious reasons for the repression of the Germans against the civilian population, suspected of helping the partisans.
                And this topic has been studied very little.
                1. Insurgent
                  Insurgent 12 September 2020 11: 56 New
                  -1
                  Quote: Avior
                  This is one of the obvious reasons for the repression of the Germans against the civilian population.

                  But is it okay that the destruction and repression of the Slavs with their forced eviction beyond the Urals was originally laid down by the Nazis in Generalplan Ost?
                  Quote: Avior
                  And this topic has been studied very little.


                  What else are you going to explore? The intent is to prove that - "It was not so simple "?"

                  What do you want to achieve in the end?
                  1. Avior
                    Avior 12 September 2020 13: 18 New
                    +2
                    See professional research on this little-studied issue, I wrote.
                  2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                    Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 12 September 2020 14: 02 New
                    +1
                    ... What do you want to achieve in the end?

                    Comrade wants an objective and unbiased study of this topic, not the emotional propaganda that you are inclined to. What's wrong?
                2. DrEng527
                  DrEng527 12 September 2020 18: 00 New
                  +2
                  Quote: Avior
                  And this topic has been studied very little.

                  in general, there are many such topics in the Second World War - Khivi, policemen, etc. The topics are noticeably more slippery than the beginning of the war - and even the last topic is not really covered ... request 75 years have passed, and the mythology of the Second World War has not been debunked ... attempts like Astafyev (and he is a veteran!) Cause a complex perception ... request
  9. Vitaly Tsymbal
    Vitaly Tsymbal 12 September 2020 08: 35 New
    +2
    We still have many books - memoirs of those who were in the partisan detachments and the underground, but the author generalized everything too much, so the material turned out to be empty. You need to write on this topic, but about everything at once, but for a specific territory, a specific time period ... Re-read the memoirs of the partisans, you will find a lot of interesting facts about which you need to tell the youth, otherwise they are nothing specific except on June 22 and May 9 don't know.
    1. Andrey VOV
      Andrey VOV 12 September 2020 09: 37 New
      +2
      Memoirs of partisans are wonderful and necessary books, but they cannot be the basis of research ... as an addition or illustration, no doubt ...
      1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
        Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 12 September 2020 14: 04 New
        -1
        Memoirism is biased and subjective. It cannot be the basis for serious work. Most of the 'partisan' memoirs are essentially heroic fiction.
        1. Vitaly Tsymbal
          Vitaly Tsymbal 12 September 2020 15: 26 New
          +4
          Let me disagree with you. Let me give you an example from my own life. 1982, Kushka, Turkmenistan. A lieutenant who had just graduated from a political school was ordered (!!!) to train battalion snipers. At that time, apart from the Manual on the operation of the SVD, there was not a single methodological manual or textbook on sniper business. I, of course, am an oak-oak in training snipers, and I myself have fired from SVD no more than a dozen times before, let alone teach ... But an order is an order. To my question about how to train snipers, the battalion commander replied: you are political officer, so read the memoirs of front-line snipers, there you will surely find at least something useful. So write a training program for snipers, as a program for political training - it won't get any worse .... I went to the regimental library, and there are five books of sniper memoirs !!! He taught snipers on these memoirs. It was from them that I learned how to choose the correct position for a sniper, how to disguise, and about anti-sniper traps, how to leave a position, choosing a target when attacking in a chain and in defense ... When, after Afgan, in 1987 I fell into my hands Methodical recommendations for training snipers for motorized rifle units (experience of combat operations of snipers of motorized rifle units in Afghanistan), I was surprised to find that I was teaching snipers correctly. Unfortunately, this book came out somewhere in the year 85-86 ... So much for your memoirs ... you just need to distinguish where is heroic fiction, and where is valuable information.
          1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
            Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 12 September 2020 16: 43 New
            0
            ... battalion commander answered: you are political officer

            Things are bad if the political officer trains sniping. Thank God, the navy was not taught artillery firing by political officers who read the memoirs of V.P. Kostenko.
            1. Vitaly Tsymbal
              Vitaly Tsymbal 12 September 2020 17: 55 New
              +3
              The point is not that the political officer taught, the point is that then a sniper was in each squad - 9 squads - 9 SVD. The snipers were assigned at the discretion of the platoon lump, as well as the grenade launcher (RPG), who were taught to shoot by the platoon commanders. The infantry, unlike the navy, has always been cannon fodder. In the training, only commanders of motorized rifle squads, mechanized infantry fighting vehicles and gunner-operators of infantry fighting vehicles were trained. By the way, I don’t know how they trained political officers for the fleet at the Kiev school, but they taught us in Novosibirsk the same way as in the command one, so the political officers in the infantry often acted as company commanders. For three nights (during the day it was not up to that) the battalion chief of staff taught me how to conduct live fires as part of a company in the desert at night, and three days later I spent them - the company fired at "good", after a year I had no problems conducting live fires in the composition of the company, even during the day, even at night, even in the desert, or in the mountains ... Practice is a great thing)))
              1. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
                Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 12 September 2020 19: 07 New
                -1
                Clear. Practice is a great thing
  10. Moskovit
    Moskovit 12 September 2020 10: 36 New
    +2
    Yes, the texture, to put it mildly, is not enough. The materials of the other side would help here. It was they who formed such detachments.
    In general, it is interesting to read how the Germans perceived the partisans. I have always paid attention to this when reading fascist memoirs. Was the ground burning under the feet of the Nazis? It was especially interesting to read this from the Germans, who were being transferred from the western front.
    They noted shelling, sabotage and constant night shooting. But most of all they were struck by the mutual total cruelty and ruthlessness. The value of human life in the east was zero. Hanging, uncleaned corpses, public executions, and so on were in the order of things ... But they also understood that now their lives were worthless for our side too ..
    But this applied only to Soviet territory, east of the Dnieper and Belarus. There were buses in the Baltics. In Western Ukraine, vodka and bacon ...
    1. ee2100
      ee2100 12 September 2020 14: 00 New
      +2
      About the Baltics. There is a book by Ruta Vanagaite "Svoi" it was translated into Russian last year. Very interesting. Attitude of Lithuanians to the occupation.
      When I was in grade 2-3, a neighbor came to us with her mother and the conversation turned to the partisans. Her mother lived in a village in the Gaysin region (Vinnytsia region). What she told me, as an ideological Octobrist, amazed me. She says - "they will come at night and knock on the window of the hut. We ask who? And they are partisans. Give me something to eat. And who is really there, we do not know. Maybe just bandits. They did not open it to anyone. And they promised to burn everything down. . "
      It was a shock for me then. It turns out that not all partisans are partisans, and even the population treated them badly.
      1. Moskovit
        Moskovit 12 September 2020 15: 39 New
        -2
        Theirs are more about the Holocaust and the responsibility of the entire Lithuanian people for this crime. By the way, I agree with her. Until now, there is such anti-Semitism that mom do not cry
        1. ee2100
          ee2100 12 September 2020 15: 59 New
          +2
          Not about the Holocaust, but just about being diligent - they said to shoot, so it must be so. I was more surprised that there were about 1000 Germans all over Lithuania, i.e. it was the administration and that was it. The rest are Lithuanians themselves.
          About modern Lithuanian anti-Semitism is a lie. Mb somewhere at the household level ...
          1. Moskovit
            Moskovit 12 September 2020 16: 38 New
            -2
            It just didn't surprise me, because I dug a little in this direction. I communicated with those who managed to communicate with the performers. By the way, they later became 90% forest brothers. Anti-Semitism is not a lie. And they throw pig's heads to the synagogues. And desecrate memorials, including 9 forts. Of course, this is mainly in everyday life and on the periphery. But I was amazed that someone still believes in bloody sacrifices.
        2. Paragraph Epitafievich Y.
          Paragraph Epitafievich Y. 12 September 2020 17: 21 New
          -3
          ... Until now, there is such anti-Semitism that mom do not cry

          Well, not only (and not so much) they sin this business.
          And about the Poles sample 39-45 GG. and there is nothing to say.
      2. truck driver
        truck driver 13 September 2020 21: 20 New
        0
        Anecdote:
        Night, the outskirts of the village, a knock on the door ...
        -Who's there?
        -Partisans!
        “How many of you?”
        -Tsvantsikh!
    2. Doctor
      Doctor 12 September 2020 22: 03 New
      +1
      In general, it is interesting to read how the Germans perceived the partisans.

      Like this:









    3. Doctor
      Doctor 12 September 2020 22: 19 New
      0
      Yes, the texture, to put it mildly, is not enough. The materials of the other side would help here.

      General view of the Germans on the partisan movement in March 1944.
    4. Doctor
      Doctor 12 September 2020 22: 22 New
      0
      Yes, the texture, to put it mildly, is not enough.

      General view of the Germans on the partisan movement in March 1944. Continued.
    5. Doctor
      Doctor 12 September 2020 22: 39 New
      0
      Yes, the texture, to put it mildly, is not enough. The materials of the other side would help here.

      Review of the partisan movement in the East for March 1944 based on Gehlen's report.
  11. Doctor
    Doctor 12 September 2020 23: 38 New
    +2
    Only Igor Reshetnikov, who survived the war years and even managed to become an agent of American intelligence, waited for a well-deserved reckoning for 20 years: he was exposed and shot only in 1964.

    Reshetnikov was taken much earlier, in 1948. They were given 25 years, from prison he wrote letters asking for clemency.

    Dear Nikita Sergeevich!
    With all my heart I ask you to have mercy on me for my involuntary crimes. I have been serving time since 1948, I have completely repented. There was nothing terrible behind me. I was condemned formally, for the petty sins of my youth, by Stalin's unfair trial. Please, let me review my case. I really hope for an amnesty.
    Yours sincerely...


    But in 1960, they took Reshetnikov's accomplice, the former SS yagd-team punisher Pavel Gerasimov, who told the details about his "arts".
    The case was reviewed, as Reshetnikov requested. The result is a VMN, the sentence was carried out on May 25, 1964.

    https://news-life.pro/sebezh/247479404/
  12. BAI
    BAI 13 September 2020 17: 17 New
    +1
    were for the local residents the same oppressors as the Nazis and their accomplices who came to our land.

    This is almost from Alekseevich. Almost - because, in her opinion, the partisans are oppressors, and the Nazis brought enlightenment, freedom and law and order, and the policemen actively helped them in this holy cause.