Military Review

In China, they told how they plan to use the UDC of the Type 076 project

40

Landing ship Type 075



China continues to develop and improve the universal amphibious assault ships, nicknamed for their capabilities "small aircraft carriers." The landing ship 075 is replaced by the UDC Type 076.

China is following the USA by building "small aircraft carriers"


The Type 076 is not a simple landing ship. It, according to the materials of the Chinese press, has the displacement of a medium aircraft carrier and is capable of carrying ship drones, which in fact turns it into an analogue of a small aircraft carrier.

It is clear that one of the main tasks of the Chinese navy in the current world political situation is to achieve parity in the oceans with the US naval forces. The American Navy is known to have a large number of aircraft carriers, but now, after the F-35B fighters entered service in the Marine Corps, the Pentagon has introduced an innovation - ships capable of conducting both landing and aviation operation.

The American Wasp-class amphibious assault ship is capable of taking on board a fully manned Marine Expeditionary Battalion and associated air support forces. Now the United States has begun building America-class ships, also intended for amphibious operations by the expeditionary battalion of the Marine Corps and air support - F-35 JSF short-take off planes, MV-22 Osprey convertiplanes and MH-53 Super Stallion helicopters.

The Chinese military is most concerned about the possibility of the American ship on board 20 F-35B carrier-based fighters. Two years ago, in 2018, the US Navy conducted the first take-off and landing of F-35B carrier-based fighters on the improved landing ship "Wasp", and also worked out the interaction of the landing ship with destroyers.



China is keen to keep up. It is reported that the Type 076 amphibious assault ship should also interact within a strike group with two or three medium-displacement destroyers, which will make it possible to solve the tasks of providing an amphibious operation with air and fire support forces. Landing craft 076 will carry at least 10 attack unmanned aerial vehicles and a small number of fighter jets on board.

For what operations are the Type 076 intended?


However, at present, the Chinese Navy does not yet have vertical takeoff and landing fighters like the American F-35B, so it remains to rely on assault drones, and, therefore, to solve the problem of striking the enemy at long distances.

As for the tasks of air defense, their command of the Chinese Navy is still planning to solve the forces of air defense of destroyers. It is possible that it is this circumstance that will force the naval command to add Type 055 destroyers with more powerful air defense means to the described strike groups.



At the same time, a number of military experts emphasize that expeditionary strike groups can only cope with medium-intensity operations, since giving landing ships previously uncharacteristic functions of aircraft carriers weakens the ability of the Marine Corps to carry out large-scale landing operations. Most of the space on such a ship is occupied by aviation equipment, which automatically entails a reduction in the number of armored vehicles and marine soldiers being transported.

The Chinese military, taking into account this circumstance, reduced the number of aviation equipment on the Type076 universal amphibious assault ship in order to be able to take on board more personnel and weapons for amphibious operations. China's opponents believe that these will be operations to capture the islands. The Type 076 landing ship will be able not only to play the role of a "small aircraft carrier", but also to solve complex combat missions in the form of supporting complex air and landing operations.
Author:
Photos used:
Wikipedia / author 星海 军事 (Xinghai Yongshi)
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  1. Daniil Konovalenko
    Daniil Konovalenko 9 September 2020 12: 41 New
    13
    All that remains is to envy China: there is money, there is personnel, there are opportunities.
    1. Civil
      Civil 9 September 2020 13: 27 New
      +2
      Quote: Daniil Konovalenko
      All that remains is to envy China: there is money, there is personnel, there are opportunities.

      The main thing is will and ability.
    2. strannik1985
      strannik1985 9 September 2020 16: 35 New
      0
      See the size of only foreign direct investment in the Chinese economy, the so-called. "Western countries" themselves give China money (technology) for the construction of the Armed Forces.
  2. Alex_You
    Alex_You 9 September 2020 12: 53 New
    +1
    Is it their black hawk to land?
    1. donavi49
      donavi49 9 September 2020 13: 14 New
      +6
      The z-20 is a new main universal helicopter for the Navy and a medium transport helicopter for the army.



    2. Alex777
      Alex777 9 September 2020 13: 24 New
      +6
      Is it their black hawk to land?

      Its a photocopy. wink
  3. Pavel57
    Pavel57 9 September 2020 13: 34 New
    0
    And they are not going to create vertical take-off planes?
    1. Boa kaa
      Boa kaa 9 September 2020 15: 31 New
      +2
      Quote: Pavel57
      And they are not going to create vertical take-off planes?

      They have strained with dviguns in a big way.
      Such as on the F-35B, too, is not yet within our reach. But we are scampering, doing with power take-off from the main one. It should work out soon. Bench tests are underway.
      Borisov once mentioned this, but then everything calmed down.
  4. mvg
    mvg 9 September 2020 13: 53 New
    +4
    Didn't understand that the tasks are solved by UDC? To drive blacks in Africa, and even 3-4 "medium" destroyers. This is the first time I am reading such an illiterate article. Moreover, "aircraft fighters" sounds ominous. Moreover, the PRC does not have VTOL aircraft. And for the J-15/31 the boat is too small.
    1. Pavel57
      Pavel57 9 September 2020 14: 12 New
      -2
      Quote: mvg
      Moreover, the PRC does not have VTOL aircraft.

      Buy a project from Russia for the RD-579 engine.
      1. mvg
        mvg 9 September 2020 14: 17 New
        +5
        in Russia under the RD-579 engine

        For some reason, it seems that the Chinese have all the technical documentation for the Yak-141. If it was sold at 1143.6. And he was tested on it.
        1. Pavel57
          Pavel57 9 September 2020 14: 26 New
          -1
          There is no engine and experience, although we do not have the fact that it has survived. But it would be wise to offer a joint development option.
          1. mvg
            mvg 9 September 2020 14: 42 New
            +5
            But it would be wise to offer a joint development option.

            The experience with the Yak-130 did not give anything? Now there is a Chinese UBS, and even with sverzvuk and radar. And we still have L-39s. And the fact that in those dashing years everyone was selling suggests the idea of ​​selling developments at 141. And as for the engines, the Chinese already have decent experience, there are at least 4 versions of WS-10, WS-15. A couple of years and will bring to mind ... It is not yet known who will have a new engine earlier, "product 30" or WS-15A with the required performance characteristics of 15-18 KTn and a resource of 4-5 thousand hours.
            In the Russian Federation for 30 years there are only 2 new PD-14 and PD-90 engines. The rest is the modernization of the AL-31 and RD-93. There are no such breakthrough projects as F135. The first flight is 2010, but not a single serial one.
            1. Pavel57
              Pavel57 9 September 2020 15: 00 New
              0
              The experience with the Yak-130 was obtained 20 years ago, and both sides received the plane.
              Conversations that the Chinese are about to finish the engine have been going on for a long time. But talking about vertical takeoff aircraft, and here, I repeat, experience and a completely different engine.
              The Americans have been digesting the experience of the Yak-15 for 141 years.
              Moreover, Russia's participation in Chinese projects is quite large (I can recall at least 3 projects, when there was participation in the design of Chinese aircraft and helicopters). Now two projects in aviation and helicopter construction are under preparation. A certain interest of both sides could arise in the creation of a joint VTOL project. Moreover, we have an engine.
              1. mvg
                mvg 9 September 2020 15: 46 New
                +6
                Currently, two projects in aviation and helicopter construction are under preparation

                I can only remember Kamov for helicopters, Z-9. So, what can we offer them? The Mi-8/17 has been flying since the late 60s, the Mi-24 from the same place. The Mi-28 has not yet been brought to its senses. Now the PRC has everything that we have, and even more. And destroyers URO in a series of 24 pieces, a series of frigates 40 pieces, and modern nuclear submarines and diesel-electric submarines, and modern J-10/11/15/16/20/31 A new strategist is being developed. Modern ICBM and MRBM. Aircraft carriers. They fly to the moon. Electronics is practically at the forefront. Their processors are at the Intel level. And we have at the level of 2002-2004. Plus x86 emulation architecture.
                PS: It's a bit bitter that in 20 years there are so many things about ... o I don't believe that Misha and Borya did not do this on purpose.
                1. The eye of the crying
                  The eye of the crying 10 September 2020 17: 02 New
                  -1
                  Quote: mvg
                  It’s a little bitter that in 20 years there’s so much about ... o I don’t believe that Misha and Borya did not do this on purpose.


                  Like Misha has been out of work for 30 years, and Borya is 20? And they ruled, even in total, for less than 20 years.
                  1. mvg
                    mvg 10 September 2020 17: 07 New
                    -1
                    less than 20 years

                    It was from 1991 to 1998 that there were the worst years. The collapse of the Union, privatization, vouchers. In 2001, the climb began, until 2008, then the swing again. Later 2014. Well, so, the little things were.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 9 September 2020 14: 56 New
      +4
      Quote: mvg
      Didn't understand that the tasks are solved by UDC? Drive blacks in Africa

      Taking into account how Chinese companies are climbing into Africa, this task is quite urgent for the PRC.
      1. mvg
        mvg 9 September 2020 15: 15 New
        0
        Considering how Chinese companies are climbing into Africa

        The Chinese are building a base in Africa. The ground airfield is better than the UDC. As practice shows (Iraq, Yugi), the maritime component accounts for 1-3% of departures. 50 thousand v / s, this is a lot. Korean aircraft carrier 32 thousand, Japanese in the region of 22-25 thousand. And this vessel is larger than Kuzi and Liaolin.
        I don't understand a little about this scale. How will he drop heavy equipment? Helicopters, boats? MBT will definitely not be able to, it is 50-60 tons. And the whole expeditionary battalion. Although earlier there was infa about 900 paratroopers and up to 40 units of equipment. Plus 10 helicopters (up to 18, Mi-17 dimensions)
        1. donavi49
          donavi49 9 September 2020 15: 50 New
          +2
          Official base only in Djibouti. See where it is in Africa. China's zone of interest from Kenya to Guinea. And Djibouti won't help here.

          The third aircraft carrier has already taken shape before the SKD stage and the docking of the prepared sections. UDC 075 passed from this stage to descent in 9-11 months.
          1. mvg
            mvg 9 September 2020 16: 04 New
            +4
            The third aircraft carrier has already taken shape before the SKD stage and the docking of the prepared sections.

            I have no doubt that they will be released in a year and a half. And in 3-4 years they will bring the J-31 to mind. The AWACS aircraft have already been mastered. Israel is helping avionics, there is a UAV.
            Third nuclear or gas turbine power plant. Like they wrote about a copy of Kitty Hawk. But 4-6 are already atomic.
    3. donavi49
      donavi49 9 September 2020 16: 08 New
      +3
      Yes, and it is also. They have a boom in military shipbuilding. In order to defend interests anywhere in the world and butt the US for spheres of influence.


      It is not clear for them what is being built there third (in place 1 UDC 075 build 071E for Thailand, but in place 2 - 075 build either another 075 or their variation of America / Bougainville 076, but instead of VTOL aircraft there will be UAVs and helicopters).

      Again, according to the render (in the article, a fan from Chinese fans, but more official, but probably not reflecting the exact appearance) there is a catapult for heavy UAVs and light finishers:


      Arrangement of aircraft types from the stern:
      - heavy helicopter-type UAV with AFAR radar / AR500 strike complex - 8 hours of flight.
      - medium UAV Cloud Shadow (or other options, there are many of them and even more on the way) - 600kg payload, 17km ceiling, speed up to 620 km / h.
      - GJ-11 - rolled at the parade. There are a couple of hazy photos in testing. Reliable information 0. Like 1500-2000kg carries in stealth and bombs without direct control, and on the point / singature of the target.
      - Z18 / 8G, Chinese global upgrade of the licensed French Super Frelon.

      - Z20 copy of the civilian version of the Hawk.
      - Dark sword. Info less than about GJ-11. Supersonic, autonomously maneuvering strike UAV. There is already 1 photo of the development team against the background of a full-size layout.
      1. mvg
        mvg 9 September 2020 16: 34 New
        +5
        In order to defend interests anywhere in the world and butt the US for spheres of influence.

        The United States is a bit early, but the Italians might very well push the French out of Africa. And East Africa is the first, but not the last base.
        Well, I think the Navy is already in second place in the world. Although the same Japanese also have 40 destroyers and 11 newest diesel-electric submarines. China still needs to bring up anti-submarine aviation, and tankers, and it is quite capable of butting with anyone. And somehow I do not believe in the possibility of building a nuclear submarine of the level of Virginia or Seawulf.
        Still, MAPL is more technologically advanced than a strategist.
        Plus we need logistics, transport aviation. And they just got it. True, their Y-20 is being produced at a frantic pace. Not like the Il-76, two sides a year.
        1. Grazdanin
          Grazdanin 9 September 2020 17: 01 New
          -1
          China is now overvalued. Yes, the share of their electronics in the mass market is high, but if you remove the Japanese, Korean, Taiwanese, American components, then there is nothing to offer China. The same processors are one head weaker and copies of processors from these countries. Their fleet is huge, but are they able to manage it? A US ship of the same displacement as the Chinese ship, has at least half the crew. History has shown hundreds of times that training and situational awareness are more important than army size. The Chinese army has always been the largest on the continent, but this did not prevent the nomads, Europeans, Japanese, etc. from conquering them.
          1. mvg
            mvg 9 September 2020 18: 08 New
            +2
            Japanese, Korean, Taiwanese, American components

            The Chinese make the entire line of chips. At the same time, using advanced technologies. 7-14 microns. Well, their processors are comparable to Intel's I-5s of the last (9-10) generations. At one time, they bought a license from the United States and developed it. If you remember, there were such Via and Cyrix. By the way, there are very few chips with the inscription of the United States, and even more so of Japan. Trust me, I've collected thousands of computers. But China, Taiwan, Congo are present. I have never seen the RF inscription.
            And it's not true about the crews. On Berks it is 1,5 times more than on 052. And on 055 it is even less. With comparable performance characteristics. Only Zamwalt is more automated.
            Regarding the wars, there was recently an article about the war in Korea and Vietnam, plus the border with India. Not everything is so simple. And the Japanese and Russia offended more than once, the victory at Halkin Gol was obtained with a lot of blood.
            And about awareness: China made more military space launches last year than the US or the EU with the Russian Federation. They have a lunar rover crawling on the moon, not the Russian Federation or the United States. And the 1,5 billion Chinese scattered around the world are still spies.
            There are areas where China is the world leader. For example, the MRBM, and its air defense is comparable to the Patriot or the S-300. Yes, and their own Calibers, Iskander, Tomogavki are.
            1. Grazdanin
              Grazdanin 9 September 2020 18: 49 New
              0
              Quote: mvg
              By the way, there are very few chips with the inscription of the United States, and even more so of Japan. Trust me, I've collected thousands of computers.

              I readily believe the price is low, suitable for the masses of the market. Chip production is mainly in China, that's a fact. But AMD and Intel are unconditional leaders, and the production itself in China, for which the Chinese government is big +, banned the export of rare earth metals in time. If we take the performance ratings of mobile processors, there are units of Chinese firms in the tops, but the same Kirin ordered to live a long time after the sanctions, so what is Chinese there? If we begin to move to a more serious market, professional equipment, then there are no Chinese there. For example, in a very large company where I worked in IT, all attempts to replace Cisco with Huawei ended in failure. As regards securities, everything is OK, in fact, the business incurs losses. Changed in the end to HP. It's like this all the time.
              Quote: mvg
              And it's not true about the crews. On Berks, 1,5 times more than on 052.

              I agree, I did not take it into account. Meaning new frigates FFG (X) (FREM). In any case, questions about the manageability of this whole colossus. The backbone of the US Navy Cruisers, Destroyers, nuclear submarines with advanced communication systems, BIUS, a trained crew. What is on the Chinese is unknown, given that they only have access to the technologies of the USSR at the end of the 80s.
              Quote: mvg
              China made more military space launches last year than the US or the EU with the RF

              Quality issue. I mean Network-centric information systems, which, except for the United States, no one else has.
              Quote: mvg
              MRBM, and its air defense is comparable to the Patriot or S-300. Yes, and their own Calibers, Iskander, Tomogavki are.

              All of these weapons are late 80s. MRBM advantage only in view of the ban from the development of the United States and Russia.
              1. mvg
                mvg 9 September 2020 19: 14 New
                +1
                all attempts to replace Cisco with Huawei ended in failure

                Large offices can afford any brands. But even in the regional Gazprom, Chinese equipment is successfully used. I will never overpay for Tsiska or Apple. What professional equipment. I bought HP servers at Lenenergo, Chin's Maid. All mothers, maid in Chyna. Even multiprocessor for Xeons. I haven't even seen Taiwan for a long time.
                The last server of European origin was bought second-hand from Ekaterenburg. Gone are the days when Chinese was junk. I do not see the difference between A-class amalad matrices from China and the original. I do not see any difference, for example, for parts from the Chinese Stelox or the original Limferder. In terms of money, the difference is 2-3 times. And even more so for electronics.
                PS: The owner of the spare parts store, after meeting with the elk, put himself a Chinese hood, fender, headlights, and can afford the original and the Czech Republic. Even 8-10 years ago I would have done so.
                Quality issue. I mean Network-centric information systems, which, except for the United States, no one else has.

                The Chinese have an analogue of BIOS Aegis. At least that's what they write. Maybe a little not matured to CM-6 or CM-3, but learn. Well, we also do not have comparable complexes in the Navy. Mistrals were bought largely because of the French BIOS. By the way, the Chinese used their avionics on our SU-27s, and the Indians prefer their software on the SU-30MKI. And Rafali was bought at 200 million / board, for the same reasons.
                1. Grazdanin
                  Grazdanin 9 September 2020 19: 41 New
                  -1
                  Quote: mvg
                  Large offices can afford any brands.

                  Yes, when the cost of downtime is higher than the price of the equipment it is.
                  Quote: mvg
                  HP servers, maid in China

                  The equipment produced in China by "Western" companies and Chinese ones is 2 well, very big differences.
                  Once again, I share the mass market and the special. The modem at home is some kind of Chinese, a conditional spare parts store, I will recommend some huavei, in a hypermarket a la Auchan, Carousel something from the Cisco series.
                  Quote: mvg
                  Well, we also do not have comparable complexes in the Navy. Mistrals were bought largely because of the French BIOS. By the way, the Chinese used their avionics on our SU-27s, and the Indians prefer their software on the SU-30MKI. And Rafali was bought at 200 million / board, for the same reasons.

                  So who can argue with that? You can't look at our Army and Navy without tears, tons of pathos, but the best thing is the modernization of the weapons of the late 70s. Su-27, T-72, BMP-2, BTR-80, S-300. There are no Russian developments and will not be, after the imposed sanctions, the electronics and units of all new developments are Western.
            2. Grazdanin
              Grazdanin 9 September 2020 18: 54 New
              0
              That's what is cool and gives hope for the future. A video came out an hour ago.
              1. mvg
                mvg 9 September 2020 19: 44 New
                +2
                This is what is cool and gives hope for the future.

                Launching a reusable rocket? What does he promise in the future? We don't have such. There is in the United States, recently China launched. I do not see any benefit for the Russian Federation in Space. Blizzards still hang out in the hangar, and money was spent on Energy-Buran uuuu. Soon Rogozin will put the entire Roscosmos on trampolines. And the USC also plows negatively. Despite the military starts. In commerce, both the United States and China have already lost. Why do we have such expensive starts?
                How many voivods were produced? 600 potential Dnipro, for decades of launches. So they cut it. How many Topol, Sotok, Sinev were removed from duty.
                1. Grazdanin
                  Grazdanin 9 September 2020 19: 47 New
                  -1
                  Quote: mvg
                  Launching a reusable rocket? What does he promise in the future? We don't have such.

                  With the current government, Russia has no future at all. They do not need anything, there is no development plan, only the desire for power.
          2. Cyril G ...
            Cyril G ... 11 September 2020 16: 18 New
            0
            Quote: Grazdanin
            Their fleet is huge, but are they able to manage it? A US ship of the same displacement as the Chinese ship, has at least half the crew.


            - I will point out the problems. The qualifications of the command staff of the fleet are in question and the ability to handle all this is banal ...
            On US surface ships, there is only one crew. Two crews are submarines.
      2. Grazdanin
        Grazdanin 9 September 2020 16: 39 New
        +1
        Quote: donavi49
        Arrangement of aircraft types from the stern:
        - heavy helicopter-type UAV with AFAR radar / AR500 strike complex - 8 hours of flight.
        - medium UAV Cloud Shadow (or other options, there are many of them and even more on the way) - 600kg payload, 17km ceiling, speed up to 620 km / h.

        It looks like the launch of a new class of ships, UAV carriers. So far, they are adapting what they have, but with the development of drones, special carriers of unmanned aircraft and unmanned ships will be created. The UDC does not even need to be specially altered.
        1. mvg
          mvg 9 September 2020 21: 00 New
          0
          It looks like the start of a new class of ships, UAV carriers

          As a sailor of such a UAV, I would have something that would shrink with each landing. wink Somehow I trust a person more in this matter. It is a little uncomfortable to wait for a damaged UAV to ram. Moreover, the UDC has thousands of tons of fuel and ammunition. No wonder the Americans abandoned the X-47.
          PS: Especially with the development of UAVs in the Russian Federation. Like an accident with Tu-22M3 with a height error before our eyes.
          1. Grazdanin
            Grazdanin 9 September 2020 21: 10 New
            0
            Quote: mvg
            It is a little uncomfortable to wait for a damaged UAV to ram.

            If the UAV is out of order, it can be splashed down without a twinge of conscience. If something goes wrong during landing, you can automatically send it out to sea or shoot it down. There are fewer problems than a manned one. This is the future, no doubt.
            Quote: mvg
            No wonder the Americans abandoned the X-47.

            Refused in favor of the MQ-25 Stingray
            1. mvg
              mvg 9 September 2020 21: 40 New
              0
              This is the future, no doubt

              Most probably. The speed of reaction, limitation of the body on the load, the correct choice of the solution. First there will be operators, then autonomous units. Pilot training comparable to the cost of an airplane.
              And here we are very behind. Almost hopeless. I see no reason for optimism to catch up with the decaying West or China. No one will share key technologies. Oil at $ 40 per barrel. Gas sales fell. What else do we sell? Wood, metal, grain? Half of the taiga has been cut down. There is metal in Africa, and it is used less and less. It seems to me that in 70-80 we lagged behind less in technology. And the oil was sometimes $ 200
              1. Grazdanin
                Grazdanin 9 September 2020 22: 12 New
                0
                Quote: mvg
                Pilot training comparable to the cost of an airplane.

                The main problem is the period of training, the head of the US Air Force estimated the period of full training for a fighter pilot at 10 years. Now the shortage of pilots there is estimated at 10-15%. Those. they have actually reached the limit of aircraft in the Air Force and Navy.
                Quote: mvg
                And here we are very behind. Almost hopeless

                Critically. The main thing is that the authorities do not understand what to do, it is stupid to copy.
                Quote: mvg
                It seems to me that in 70-80 we lagged behind less in technology.

                There was a small lag from the West, mainly in the mass segment, there was no military one at all, just somewhere they are better, somewhere we are. We were way ahead of the average world level.
          2. Grazdanin
            Grazdanin 10 September 2020 17: 07 New
            -1
            Quote: mvg
            As a sailor of such a UAV, I would have something that would shrink with each landing.

            And there is no need for motros, just like in the cartoon:


  5. Revolver
    Revolver 9 September 2020 23: 59 New
    0
    Currently, the Chinese Navy does not yet have vertical take-off and landing fighters like the American F-35B

    If the drawings of the Yak-141 survived, then they should be hidden deeper and better guarded. The Chinese are already warming up the copier.
  6. Mark kalendarov
    Mark kalendarov 10 September 2020 11: 06 New
    0
    Hello Taiwan !!! They are already nearby ...)))))