Military Review

North Korea is preparing to launch a ballistic missile "Pukkykson-3"

35

Launch of the Pukkykson-3 rocket on October 2, 2019


The DPRK continues to build its nuclear forces, and a promising ballistic missile of submarines "Pukkykson-3" should become their new element. The first launch of an experimental product of this type took place almost a year ago, and a new flight test may be carried out in the near future. American analysts have noticed signs of preparation for such an event.

Satellite data


On September 4, the American research project Beyond Parallel (Center for Strategic and International Studies, CSIS) published reports of recorded activity at several sites in the DPRK. Project analysts believe that the observed actions and movements are associated with the preparation of tests of a promising SLBM.

The conclusions are based on recent satellite images of the Sinpo shipyard provided by Airbus. The first of them shows the fenced protected water area of ​​the plant. There is already a well-known submersible bench-barge for testing SLBMs, as well as several previously absent ships. CSIS believes that these are tugs, and in the near future they will have to bring the stand to the open sea for an experimental launch of the Pukkykson-3 (Polar Star-3) rocket.

A light camouflage cover measuring 102x13 m is deployed at the pier next to the stand. Under it, presumably, there is a diesel-electric submarine "Sinpo", capable of carrying ballistic missiles. However, there is no clear evidence of the presence of this diesel-electric submarine yet. Another object in the port was identified as a midget submarine. She has nothing to do with trials, and therefore stands on the shore.

Another satellite image shows activity at a ground site near the plant. Various cars and other equipment are observed near the experimental launcher - a similar picture took place before the previous tests.


Water area in Sinpo

The third photo shows the bay of the Mayangdo submarine base. On September 4, two Type 033 diesel-electric submarines were anchored in the bay. They may have moved away from the berths for training activities, but CSIS does not exclude the possibility of two submarines participating in the observation of a test launch of a new SLBM.

Analysts at Beyond Parallel suggest that the new launch of the Pukkykson-3 missile may take place after September 9 and before October 10 - between the DPRK public holidays. This explains the observed activity in Shinpo.

Previous test


The first test launch of a promising SLBM from a carrier submarine in a submerged position took place on October 2, 2019.Due to the special importance of the project, information about the tests and several interesting photographs were officially published by the CTAC. It was reported that the design characteristics were fully confirmed and the launch did not have any negative impact on the environment.

Soon, the South Korean Ministry of Defense published some data obtained from tracking the launch. The rocket was flying along an altitude trajectory. Its highest point was at an altitude of 910 km; while the launch range was 450 km. According to foreign intelligence services, when using other trajectories, the firing range can exceed 2-2,1 thousand km. Thus, the Polar Star-3 SLBM belongs to the class of medium-range missiles.

According to various estimates, the rocket has a multistage scheme and is equipped with solid-propellant engines. Dimensions and launch weight are unknown. There is also no information on combat equipment. Apparently, a nuclear warhead is being used.


Land range

The experimental carrier of the new missile is the Sinpo submarine or Sinpo-B. This is a diesel-electric ship no more than 70 m long with a total displacement of up to 2 tons. On board the submarine, it was possible to place only one silo launcher for a promising line of missiles. Previously, with the help of Sinpo, tests of SLBMs of previous types were carried out.

Plans for the future


The Beyond Parallel project believes that preparations for a new test launch of a promising SLBM are underway at the Sinpo shipyard. This event - if completed successfully - will advance the project and bring the rocket into service closer to the date. How soon and with what results all the necessary tests will be completed is unknown.

The Pukkykson-1 rocket was tested from 2014 to 2017. During this time, 12 launches were carried out, and 8 were successful. The next product was launched only twice in 2017 and both launches were successful. So far, the Polar Star of the third model has flown only once, and a second launch may take place in the near future. Further plans of the DPRK, for obvious reasons, remain unknown.

According to foreign data, the next missile submarine is being built. The ship with the symbol Sinpo-C will be longer and larger than the existing diesel-electric submarine. With a displacement of at least 3 thousand tons, it will be able to carry three SLBMs of the Pukkykson-3 type at once. As of the spring of 2019, the promising submarine was under construction. New information about her has not yet been received.

Marine component


Over the past several years, the DPRK has been working on the creation of a naval component of the strategic nuclear forces. Due to the limited capabilities of industry and the economy, such processes are not distinguished by high rates, but the results achieved so far and expected events look very interesting.


Submarines in Mayangdo Bay

Over the next few years, upon completion of current projects, the DPRK Navy will have two strategic missile-carrying submarines. With their help, it will be possible to deploy up to four SLBMs of its own North Korean design. In this case, we are talking about medium-range missiles capable of hitting objects at distances of at least 2 thousand km.

Thus, at first, the submarine component of the strategic nuclear forces will have minimal dimensions and more than a modest potential. The capabilities of such forces are limited, first of all, by the class of carrier ships. Diesel-electric submarines in our time, due to a number of characteristic features and shortcomings, cannot be effective carriers of SLBMs and cannot compete with nuclear submarines.

The limited range of the Polar Star missiles makes it necessary to push the launch lines to a dangerous proximity from the borders of a potential enemy. In addition, only two submarines with a common ammunition load of four missiles can hardly be considered a serious threat to the main opponents of the DPRK. However, the increased risks will force them to strengthen their anti-submarine defense.

First steps


The DPRK continues to build the naval component of the "nuclear triad" and is already showing some success. In the coming years, it will be possible to begin regular visits to patrol areas for military service and nuclear deterrence. There is no talk of full-fledged competition with developed nuclear powers - but the Navy will have the opportunity to deliver a painful retaliatory strike. Together with it, there will be a new argument for disputes in the international arena.

To obtain such opportunities, North Korea needs to implement several new projects. According to reports from abroad, a new test launch of the Pukkykson-3 SLBM is becoming an urgent task for the coming weeks or even days. When the next "Polar Star" flies, what impact will this launch have on the development of the underwater fleet and how the situation in the region will change - time will tell.
Author:
Photos used:
TsTAK, CSIS Beyond Parrallel / Airbus
35 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 9 September 2020 18: 04 New
    +3
    North Korea is preparing to launch a ballistic missile "Pukkykson-3"
    For heaven's sake, we don't mind. Let the Japanese suffer and do not sleep (from a joke)
  2. NEXUS
    NEXUS 9 September 2020 18: 13 New
    +4
    And the name is very Russian-PUKkykson))
    1. 7,62h54
      7,62h54 9 September 2020 20: 55 New
      0
      It would be better to call Kukryniks
    2. Eug
      Eug 11 September 2020 12: 15 New
      0
      And she also flies with this name! It contains the "start impulse" in the first syllable.
  3. Doccor18
    Doccor18 9 September 2020 18: 19 New
    +3
    The DPRK is the brainchild of the USSR. The USSR has been gone for a long time, and the DPRK lives, develops and, despite its modest size, proudly holds its head in front of world capital.
    1. mvg
      mvg 9 September 2020 18: 43 New
      -20
      and the DPRK lives, develops and, despite its modest size

      Watch independent videos on YouTube. How they have fun. How many people died of hunger, what rations. Slightly better than in besieged Leningrad. And compare with South Korea, and once they were one country. They could have lived the same way, but the "brainchild of the USSR" obliges to starve and live in 60 years. As well as several other brainchildren like Syria, Venezuela, Cuba.
      1. Hunter 2
        Hunter 2 9 September 2020 19: 02 New
        +4
        If South Korea is imposed with the same sanctions as North Korea, plus military pressure - the South Caucasus will die out in a year at most! And about videos on YouTube ... this is such an "unbiased" source of information for you laughing ?
        1. antivirus
          antivirus 9 September 2020 19: 58 New
          +3
          in the North, only about 1/3 of the agricultural lands of the Korean Peninsula + sanctions
      2. stalki
        stalki 9 September 2020 19: 13 New
        +6
        And compare with South Korea, and once they were one country. They could have lived the same way, but the "brainchild of the USSR" obliges to starve and live in 60 years. As well as several other brainchildren like Syria, Venezuela, Cuba.
        "
        The brainchild of the USSR "obliges you to starve? No need to tell fables here. Maybe we can voice who is really the culprit of their troubles, who is robbing and robbing them, who is trying to overthrow their legitimate government, who is ready to destroy countries for the sake of their resources and territories? You are on the wrong site. Here everyone is aware that the main culprit of the troubles of the third world countries is the louse.We bombed Syria, we imposed ultimatums and an economic blockade on Cuba, we divided Korea (the Japanese annexed the territory), in Venezuela we want to change the power illegally?
        The fact of the matter is that the USSR no longer exists, and the problems of these countries are only increasing. Maybe Russia is to blame? So how many years have we not been there? Why didn't the hegemon put things in order during this time? And, did not have time, right?
        1. mvg
          mvg 9 September 2020 19: 29 New
          -8
          Maybe we will voice who is really the culprit of their troubles, who is robbing and robbing them, who is trying to overthrow their legitimate government, who is ready to destroy countries for the sake of their resources and territories?

          What nonsense, there is no less oil in the KSA or Norway, but no one is trying to overthrow them. There are no resources in Korea at all, if China did not feed it, they would have already died. And the sanctions are deserved there, who will like the unpredictable fighting hamster with a nuclear club at his side. They offered an exchange, money and food for nuclear weapons. But the hamster does not need it, he has everything.
          See how Assad or Castro came to power. This is a dictatorship. What are the choices? With the massacre of our own people. Or, like in Korea, live and be afraid. With 12 concentration camps in the country. To go crazy, and live on coupons, from hand to mouth, in the 21st century. Or South Caucasus, with one of the most developed economies.
          Why is Venezuela worse than Norway? Compare living standards. One of the largest proven oil reserves. The same can be observed soon in the Republic of Belarus, with irrevocable loans from the Russian Federation and investments in the economy of 100+ billion. Plus oil and gas incentives and arms contracts. Without this, everything would have been worse.
          1. stalki
            stalki 9 September 2020 20: 25 New
            +7
            What do you compare the third world countries with the Western civilization of predators? They have historically not been at their peak. If it were not for the USSR, they would not have been there, at all. If you are driven into a corner, will you behave like a well-bred citizen?
            1. mvg
              mvg 9 September 2020 21: 18 New
              -8
              If it were not for the USSR, they would not have existed, at all

              Again nonsense. "Occupied" Japan, brought to the Stone Age, lives and develops, the UAE lived with camels in the 50s, and now skyscrapers, South Korea was in the same state as the North, and now? The same PRC back in the 60s had big problems with metalworking. And there are such examples, but I don’t know the countries to whom the USSR “helped” live and they are happy. PolEuropes were released, and they all make faces at us without exception. And those countries which have ceased to help, live and develop. Vietnam for example. Armenia, Belarus live well? Their authorities no longer need anything. Everything has already been plundered. I am only interested in their own industry, their interests. Also, their safety and the withdrawal of capital to offshore. And all sorts of GDP and DMA live in residences of 4,5 hectares, have billions and only hold on to power. Like Maduro, like Eun, like Castro and Assad. Can this be imagined in the states or in decaying Europe?
              1. stalki
                stalki 9 September 2020 21: 49 New
                0
                Again nonsense. "Occupied" Japan, brought to the Stone Age, lives and develops, the UAE lived with camels in the 50s, and now skyscrapers, South Korea was in the same state as the North, and now? The same PRC back in the 60s had big problems with metalworking. And there are such examples, but I don’t know the countries to whom the USSR “helped” live and they are happy. PolEuropes were released, and they all make faces at us without exception. And those countries which have ceased to help, live and develop. Vietnam for example. Armenia, Belarus live well? Their authorities no longer need anything. Everything has already been plundered. I am only interested in their own industry, their interests. Also, their safety and the withdrawal of capital to offshore. And all sorts of GDP and DMA live in residences of 4,5 hectares, have billions and only hold on to power. Like Maduro, like Eun, like Castro and Assad. Can this be imagined in the states or in decaying Europe?
                That you correctly said "occupied" because they were freed from their sovereignty, any "kurva" dreams. Why can't a girl buy a fur coat? The main thing is to be always ready. And the UAE is a source of raw materials, unlike Vietnam. There is money from the ground with a fantan, you don't need to think too much. Moreover, because of the puddle, they periodically wink at them, they say, don't drift if we raise the handle for you. And those that are developing are no longer territorially dangerous in military and political terms, they are pugs on a leash, so they tied a bow to their collar. And the bowl of meat is full, let them bark for the owner, and at his command. And whoever is dangerous is in disgrace, while not on a leash, then the enemy of the entire "democratic world". The logic is simple, like a Colt at the temple. As long as Russia exists, the West will have nightmares, they are allergic to us and our slightest touch, to one or another spheres of influence, is given throughout the non-democratic world. So you tell your arguments somewhere in Europe, they will be happy to hear from you. And here you are not the first, you are not the last.
                1. mvg
                  mvg 9 September 2020 22: 32 New
                  -6
                  And whoever is dangerous is in disgrace, while not on a leash, then the enemy of the entire "democratic world".

                  What a zombie box does with people. laughing But what is the danger for the United States from the DPRK or Venezuela? Who needs them there? Most Yankees don't know where it is. Why is the Russian Federation dangerous for the United States? Who will bomb their billions? It's just that the military business and the 700 billion military budget must somehow be justified. There would be no enemy (in the form of the Russian Federation) it would have been artificially invented .. And now there is the PRC and the DPRK. A lot of business in Russia has been bought by the West, who will bomb it? Even during the Second World War, the allies did not bomb the factories belonging to Ford, for example. Yes, and with China, the Yankees have such a turnover that only economic wars are possible, not real ones.
                  1. stalki
                    stalki 9 September 2020 22: 44 New
                    +4
                    Yes, your gruel is completely bland.
                    And I look at the box only to check the context, I prefer to read. You got me mixed up with someone laughing laughing laughing
      3. Jager
        Jager 9 September 2020 19: 18 New
        +3
        Syria - the brainchild of the USSR? Rather, Israel then))
        Something for 60 years, poor hungry North Koreans still do not die out, they lack "reforms and democracy."
        Perhaps this is one of those small and unbending countries that are really interesting to watch.
        1. mvg
          mvg 9 September 2020 19: 59 New
          -7
          which are really interesting to watch

          It is also interesting to watch the animals in the circus, and the rats in the lobby. Only for some reason it is a pity for them. In Korea, more than 200 thousand in political camps. People are really dying of hunger. Three consecutive years of crop failure. And they have an army under a million, and the spending on the military budget is huge. But the hamster lives in a palace with a harem. The average inhabitant has 160 grams of rice a day.
          Hungry poor North Koreans will never die out for 60 years

          It's hard to call it life. This is work for rice. Who can run away. They catch, shoot, plant. Is this a 60-year war?
          Syria - the brainchild of the USSR?

          Israel was not created by the USSR. We just didn't mind. And they never made friends with Israel, they even fought.
          And Assad is just our friend, like his father. How many years have you been in power? And where is Syria now? Where is the industry. Run out of oil, put your teeth on the shelf. And it will end quickly, with pumps like China and Turkey. Compare with developed KSA or Oman, Kuwait, UAE. Even with the same Egypt .. And Israel was without oil, but the standard of living was in the top 20. And the technology is advanced.
        2. Squelcher
          Squelcher 9 September 2020 22: 14 New
          0
          Have you been to North Korea? Have you tried semolina ice cream? Or a salad of pork skins?
          1. mvg
            mvg 9 September 2020 22: 48 New
            -1
            have you been to North Korea

            No and I do not want. What is there to do? But I saw an hour and a half shooting from one guy who was not only in Pyongyang, but also, at risk, went to the outback. And then, by invitation, I visited the Republic of Korea. The contrast is stunning. My friend's mother was in Yuk. But ration cards and 160 grams of rice are not a lie, 400 grams for the military. Like political prisoners, like death from hunger. And the fact that the PRC began to help less. As well as the reprisals against the relatives of the defector.
          2. Aleksandr1971
            Aleksandr1971 10 September 2020 06: 42 New
            +4
            I have been to the DPRK and ROK.
            Of course, the contrast between different parts of the once united country is unimaginable.
            The Republic of Korea does not live luxuriously, but rather richly, well above average. Even the GDP of small P Korea is almost equal to the GDP of huge Russia (at par).
            And in S. Korea, I was struck by trucks fueled by wood - a person sits in the back, throwing wood into a stove; on this and go.
            I think the best thing for the Koreans is to give a few lard bucks to the top of the DPRK Labor Party to unite peacefully. And for the united Korea to declare neutral status. This would make it possible to have both a basis and a formal reason for the expulsion of US troops from the territory of the Korean Peninsula. And the Koreans themselves would be able to reduce military spending and level the economic and cultural difference between the North and the South. Indeed, in aggregate, the conventional armed forces of both Koreas (2 million servicemen) are larger than the NATO forces, not to mention the conventional forces of the PRC and Russia.
            The difference between North and South would still be preserved, as in Germany after unification. But the difference would not be so dramatic.
            1. Squelcher
              Squelcher 11 September 2020 14: 25 New
              0
              I myself have been to the Republic of Korea several times, once to the DPRK,
              The ROK is a capital country with all the ensuing advantages and disadvantages, the DPRK lagging behind is simply wild, but unification with the DPRK is unlikely faster with the PRC now the DPRK is completely dependent on them.
              1. Aleksandr1971
                Aleksandr1971 11 September 2020 15: 01 New
                +1
                That is why I say that there is simply no other way to unite Korea than by bribing the top of the DPRK TP. And Russia from foreign states would become the only beneficiary of the unification. Unification is not beneficial for China because the DPRK is a vassal of China, even though it is obstinate. The unification of Koreas is not profitable for Japan because of a very likely competitor in the field of high technologies. The Americans are not profitable because the unification will destroy the formal basis for the presence of US troops in Korea. Unification is beneficial for Russia because: a) there will be no US troops in Korea; b) there will be transport access by land to an economically large neighbor.
                1. Squelcher
                  Squelcher 11 September 2020 15: 55 New
                  +1
                  As a resident of Sakhalin, only for! The less tension in the region, the better. And Koreans, both North and South, are hard workers.
                  But so far this is unlikely.
      4. Doccor18
        Doccor18 9 September 2020 19: 30 New
        +2
        ... independent videos on YouTube ...

        Sounds like an "independent language in the body" ...
      5. Dkuznecov
        Dkuznecov 10 September 2020 15: 48 New
        +1
        I fully agree with my colleague.
        Protecting China's underbelly,
        eating the last cockroaches while -
        madness. No infrastructure
        no cars, nothing.

        Behave like a first grader who has received
        strongest pendel and flashy
        "but it doesn't hurt me, it doesn't hurt!"
    2. Avior
      Avior 9 September 2020 22: 32 New
      -1
      The current DPRK is more likely the brainchild of China.
  4. Prisoner
    Prisoner 9 September 2020 18: 23 New
    0
    It's a miracle how funny the Korean language is. winked
    1. KVU-NSVD
      KVU-NSVD 9 September 2020 18: 26 New
      -2
      Quote: Captive
      It's a miracle how funny the Korean language is. winked

      the language is funny, but Pukkykson does not care about it when there is a break in the target area, and only good luck to the inhabitants there ..
  5. Alien From
    Alien From 9 September 2020 18: 51 New
    0
    ** pukkykson ** from one name is not at ease ......))) ..... Americans)))
  6. sergo1914
    sergo1914 9 September 2020 18: 53 New
    -1
    And even the third one. The fiercest trash.
  7. Vasilenko Vladimir
    Vasilenko Vladimir 9 September 2020 19: 13 New
    0
    one name is worth it, and if it also hits the target !!!!
  8. Freedim
    Freedim 9 September 2020 21: 18 New
    0
    Nice nickname for a hamster ...
  9. Undecim
    Undecim 9 September 2020 22: 03 New
    -1
    Pukkykson. As you name the rocket, so it will fly.
    1. smart fellow
      smart fellow 10 September 2020 02: 03 New
      +3
      Translated as "Polar Star" or "Polaris" https://ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%9F%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B0%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%81 ...
  10. pleschakovai
    pleschakovai 11 September 2020 19: 01 New
    0
    A proud country and a proud people do not bow before the Amers !!! Simple Russians and Villagers are friends with you, with you !!! Well done, however, well done !!! We must be able to defend ourselves against the world's parasites !!!