Military Review

Not scrap metal, but a new service: how China deals with decommissioned military equipment

22

The problem of recycling old weapons in many countries of the world is extremely acute. Russia is no exception. But today we will talk about how China is solving this issue.


Some lease for metal, others sell, China uses


It is known that the highest rates of replacement weapons are characterized by the United States. The constant updating of weapons leads to the fact that a huge number of aircraft are written off, tanks, ships. Arizona has aviation the base, which is nicknamed the "aircraft graveyard": there are more than 4000 decommissioned aircraft. These aircrafts are stored at the base for a long time, which requires high costs - both the involvement of labor and funding.

Philadelphia has a similar storage center for scrapped ships. Many warships that once served the American power are waiting there for their scrapping. However, some ships are being sold to developing countries. But many American experts themselves are unhappy with the way their country's weapons disposal system is organized and admire the experience of the People's Republic of China.

Once upon a time, several decades ago, the Celestial Empire was armed with a large number of old Soviet weapons. Today, the level of economic development of the PRC has changed dramatically: now Beijing not only buys the most modern weapons from Russia, but also produces its own aircraft, tanks, and submarines of the latest generation.

At the moment, according to data from open sources, the Air Force of the People's Liberation Army of China is armed with 1271 fighters and 1385 attack aircraft, second only to the United States in the number of aircraft. Naturally, there is also a gradual renewal of the fleet of combat aircraft. But where are the decommissioned fighters going?

UAV from fighters, museum exhibits from submarines


In most parts of the world, retired aircraft are recycled and turned into a heap of scrap metal. China is acting differently, adopting the principle of turning old military equipment into a treasure. Fighters decommissioned from service are turned into unmanned aerial vehicles, for example, as targets while pilots of modern fighters are practicing air combat skills and hitting targets in the air.

Interestingly, such UAVs are used not only as target aircraft for daily training of Air Force flight personnel, but can also be used in real combat. If such a drone is destroyed during a mission, it will not cause serious damage to the Chinese aviation. At least there will be no human casualties, and the air machine itself has already served its life in all respects.

China is not going to send its nuclear submarines for scrap metal either. Submarines of the PRC Navy undergo denuclearization, after which they are exhibited in museums as exhibits. As for surface ships, they are converted into ships of the naval police and used to patrol coastal waters. After all, there are fewer requirements for police patrol ships than for warships. fleet... Therefore, ships-veterans of the fleet go out on patrol raids, and do not sadly await their fate in the cemeteries of old ships, as in the United States.

Thus, the Chinese experience of working with decommissioned weapons is not only interesting, but also useful. As zealous owners, the Chinese do not waste anything, and not only the American military can learn from the Celestial Empire.
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  1. Postum
    Postum 7 September 2020 09: 42
    16
    The author apparently read a Chinese report somewhere and on its basis decided to slap the article at the level of "Zen", if the author is not aware, then in the United States with decommissioned aircraft, in particular the F-4 and F-16, they also act by making UAVs out of them. Well, it is completely incomprehensible why the author cited the decommissioned ships of the US Navy as an example, if he did not write anything about the PRC regarding the decommissioned ships
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 7 September 2020 09: 43
      -1
      Some lease for metal, others sell, China uses

      Zealous owners yes You can't say otherwise ...

      Quote: Postum
      The author apparently read a Chinese report somewhere and on its basis decided to slap the article with the level of "Zen", if the author is not aware, then in the United States with decommissioned aircraft, in particular the F-4 and F-16, they also act by making UAVs out of them


      The question remains open about the percentage of technology used in this way by both.
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Postum
        Postum 7 September 2020 09: 48
        +5
        Yes, but the writer of this article, for some reason, did not give this percentage what
      3. Cyril G ...
        Cyril G ... 7 September 2020 11: 13
        +3
        The decommissioned aircraft must first be serviceable
    2. Civil
      Civil 7 September 2020 10: 19
      -1
      Eh ... they would have brought this non-ferrous metal to the Urals, the regiment would have been disposed of in a week ...
  2. The comment was deleted.
  3. Ascold1901
    Ascold1901 7 September 2020 09: 51
    10
    The practice of using old technology (not just aircraft) as targets has existed for a very, very long time. At least since the beginning of the 20th century.
    1. Piramidon
      Piramidon 7 September 2020 19: 42
      +5
      Quote: Ascold1901
      The practice of using old technology (not just aircraft) as targets has existed for a very, very long time. At least since the beginning of the 20th century.

      Quite right. In the USSR, a long time ago, decommissioned MiG-15s were used in this guise.
  4. alex aircraft
    alex aircraft 7 September 2020 09: 57
    +6
    What prevents us from using decommissioned aircraft as an ersatz of the Kyrgyz Republic. For example, we take su 24, we cling to it up to 8 tons of fab / odab and send it to the target in Syria. After all, it is necessary to make the power of warheads weak, and then the disposal of old equipment and the infliction of a powerful blow. And what moral effect will be if you send an 12 from 20 tons of explosives to the target. For an enemy without air defense it will do quite well.
  5. steelmaker
    steelmaker 7 September 2020 10: 02
    11
    Russia is a country of large metallurgical plants. And scrap metal is always in short supply in metallurgy. And if an abandoned tank or plane appeared somewhere, then "horns and legs" would quickly remain from it. Therefore, there is no need to extol China. Well, what, what, and not only tanks, but thousands of factories are able to dispose of in Russia. And everyone in their region can confirm this! In the 90s and early 2000s, the whole country lived on this recycling!
  6. APASUS
    APASUS 7 September 2020 10: 16
    +2
    The plane - the shell was used by the Japanese, the topic is not new. But it's a good idea to hammer such a machine with TNT and forward to the enemy. If you don't even manage to destroy a specific target, you will be able to pull the enemy's resources through the air defense system.
  7. Fitter65
    Fitter65 7 September 2020 10: 18
    +5
    Fighters decommissioned from service are turned into unmanned aerial vehicles, for example, as targets while pilots of modern fighters are practicing air combat skills and hitting targets in the air.
    About those who rent equipment for scrap
    .MiG-21 E target aircraftIn the mid-60s, Mikoyan Design Bureau specialists, together with scientists from the Kazan Aviation Institute, developed unmanned versions of the MiG-21 PF and MiG-21PFM fighters. The aircraft were intended to be used as targets for training in practical missile launches for calculations of anti-aircraft missile systems and fighter pilots. Combat fighters flying out of the assigned resource were converted into unmanned targets.
    It was after the arrival of democracy and glasnost, that the planes at the storage bases began to be disposed of. Marked Misha was especially proud when they cut the 3MD strategists, which could easily be converted into tanker aircraft ... In the United States, they approached this problem even more zealously - a rather large number of aircraft of the so-called "hundredth" series were converted into target aircraft. Known targets based on the F-100, F-101, F-104, F-4, F-16. And what they call a storage base is the real storage base. Some of the aircraft are sold after reactivation and subsequent maintenance. some of the aircraft are disassembled, parts are defective and those that have a sufficient resource are put into circulation, the only aircraft that has been scrapped, without the possibility of keeping frequent parts, is the F-14 "Tomket" - and then the Americans were afraid that parts and spare parts from this airbase could get to Iran. Well, comparing our storage bases with the American one is simply indecent.
  8. Pavel57
    Pavel57 7 September 2020 10: 19
    0
    The resource of even target aircraft is not infinite.
  9. Aleksandr1971
    Aleksandr1971 7 September 2020 10: 36
    0
    Now two "Sharks" are in the rest awaiting cutting for scrap metal. It would be better if the reactors were unloaded from them and made into museums.

    And with "Admiral Kuznetsov" he also asks to become a museum. However, it may be better for him to be a museum on "hot conservation", with ammunition, serviceable systems, fuel and so on.

    Such ships-museums would adorn St. Petersburg, Vladivostok, Sevastopol, Astrakhan.
    1. frog
      frog 7 September 2020 11: 09
      +1
      The right guys will make money on the shark cut. And what are the right guys to make money on the creation of the Ento Museum ?? Moreover, no one can imagine how much money will be needed for this, how to do it correctly, and at whose expense the banquet will be. EMNIP, and the "golden ring" was formed only after one foreign uncle, not poor, said that during the restoration and subsequent exploitation of one of the cities included in this, his capital would double ... I do not remember exactly what he said, but the meaning was just that. Only after that did they comb out. How many just rots ??? And estates and everything else.
      And one moment....
      “Every fifth European (20% of the respondents), who considers Russia as a holiday destination, cites the high cost of travel as a deterrent, according to the results of an intercountry survey conducted by the NAFI think tank.

      The World Tourism Organization confirms that the share of travel costs when choosing a Russian destination is about 40% of the trip budget. At the same time, for example, in Germany tourists spend 29% of the budget on transport, and in the USA - 16%.

      Listing other reasons for refusing to travel to Russia, Europeans say that there are more attractive (17%) and less distant destinations (15%). Europeans make tourist trips with an average duration of about three days. Only a quarter of all foreign travels last seven to eight days.

      Another 5% of respondents are afraid of the language barrier. Tourists who have already visited Russia say that they experienced difficulties with orientation on the terrain, and the Russians could not help them due to their insufficient level of English. "
      It is clear that one can argue with this and consider this to be biased, but .......
    2. vfwfr
      vfwfr 7 September 2020 21: 21
      0
      ))) Kuzya will not pass under our "New" bridge, and even less so under the old supposedly German one. In other matters, it will hardly pass in a river puddle ... (depth max 9 meters)
  10. askort154
    askort154 7 September 2020 11: 03
    +2
    Ukraine has the best method and experience. In 1990, it was ranked third in the world in terms of the number of aircraft deployed on its territory. Now they have tens of them, the rest are not preserved, overgrown with weeds and grass. The recently sunken ship in the port of Odessa is not going to be raised.
    So, their method is much cheaper than the Chinese one.good
  11. Narak-zempo
    Narak-zempo 7 September 2020 13: 07
    +1
    And we have a lot of equipment that is simply abandoned and rusts, which no one will take out carefully even for scrap metal.
    An obligatory part of the rural landscape is trucks and tractors that have grown into the ground, and in some places an excavator or even a crane over the eternal unfinished building of the perestroika era.
    How can you throw away what you have invested in?
    By the way, Shoigu, I remember, boasted that he was going to cleanse the Arctic of scrap metal like stacks of diesel fuel barrels. How does he manage, I wonder?
    1. Nikza
      Nikza 7 September 2020 14: 12
      0
      You shouldn't have done that. Those who want to hand over the scrap will come running, just hang. They'll ride in with hacksaws and cut anything. Only this metal has an owner. And peyzan is a tight-fisted people. He is not a distance with his junk. Rarity, he says. For a shitty piece of iron as for a new one. I have a Muscovite-412, I traveled around the showdowns, I saw ...
      1. Narak-zempo
        Narak-zempo 7 September 2020 14: 48
        0
        Maybe they saw it, I don't know. I haven't been to my native places for a long time.
        But I've seen enough of so many: a former farm or some other farm on the outskirts. People have long ago dismantled the buildings into bricks, and there is a tractor or a truck nearby, sometimes not one. Rare enough copies came across like DT-54 or ZiS-151. And all this stuff just rusts for years.
  12. Pavel57
    Pavel57 7 September 2020 13: 29
    0
    Quote: Narak-zempo
    By the way, Shoigu, I remember, boasted that he was going to cleanse the Arctic of scrap metal like stacks of diesel fuel barrels. How does he manage, I wonder?


    Maybe already cleared -
    https://tvzvezda.ru/news/vstrane_i_mire/content/2019731552-OHGnE.html?utm_source=tvzvezda&utm_medium=longpage&utm_campaign=longpage&utm_term=v1
  13. Lara Croft
    Lara Croft 7 September 2020 20: 30
    0
    Fighters decommissioned from service are turned into unmanned aerial vehicles, for example, as targets while pilots of modern fighters are practicing air combat skills and hitting targets in the air.

    The same is done in the DPRK ...
    As for surface ships, they are converted into ships of the naval police and used to patrol coastal waters.

    The Navy surpassed the PLA, they made a frigate out of a patrol ship of the sea border units of the KGB of the USSR ... which is still the flagship of the Ukrainian Navy ...
  14. Kwas
    Kwas 8 September 2020 13: 51
    0
    I wonder who can say how old the practice of using old battleships as a target ship is?