Military Review

Japanese press about the Kuriles: Soviet troops invaded the islands after Japan accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration

66
Japanese press about the Kuriles: Soviet troops invaded the islands after Japan accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration

Joseph Stalin


Against the background of Russia's celebration of the 75th anniversary of victory in World War II, the Japanese press launched a real information campaign, in which it is trying with all its might to present the Soviet Union as an "aggressor state." The Japanese media published statements that the Soviet Union entered the war against Japan, allegedly in violation of the neutrality agreement signed in the spring of 1941. At the same time, the Japanese authors clearly do not intend to inform their readers that the USSR withdrew from this agreement a few months before entering hostilities against the millionth Kwantung Army.

The Japanese edition of Hokkaido Shimbun joined the information campaign to try to rewrite the results of World War II. An article appeared on the pages of this newspaper, which tells about celebrating the 75th anniversary of the end of the WWII of Russia, and this material speaks of the Kuril landing operation (operation on the Shumshu island) as "an act that was committed by Soviet troops after Japan accepted the conditions of the Potsdam declarations ".

From the article:

Already after Japan accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration of Surrender, on August 18, Soviet troops began an invasion of Shumshu Island.

This statement looks very strange. It is one thing to verbally accept the terms of the declaration, and quite another to declare surrender. But for the Japanese side, it is not important historical true, but any opportunity to declare the alleged illegitimacy of the transition of the Kuriles in 1945 under Soviet jurisdiction.

The Japanese side should be reminded that militaristic Japan surrendered only on September 2, 1945, and this, in turn, means only one thing - the war continued even after the aforementioned "Hokkaido Shimbun" on August 18, 1945. Generally speaking, the war would have continued for a long time (in American plans, the year of the end of WWII was designated 1947) if it had not been for the defeat of the Kwantung Army in Manchuria by Soviet troops and the deprivation of Japan's access to industrial centers in northeastern China.
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  1. RUnnm
    RUnnm 4 September 2020 07: 39 New
    36
    So we have not signed a peace treaty to date. So, before dreaming about our islands, it is better to let them think about whether they are still under pressure from Honshu, for example.
    And the fact that some states, such as Poland, the Baltic states and their striped curators are trying to present the USSR as the instigator of the Second World War is obvious. And we ourselves must resist this. Constantly opening new and new archives - like the United States, Britain supported Hitler through an industrial fund, how the Polish special services lay under the Abwehr even before the war, how the Balts met the Nazis with laid tables. And attract as many scientists as possible, distributing as much information as possible about the white and fluffy countries of the West
    1. Finches
      Finches 4 September 2020 08: 10 New
      19
      It is better for the Japanese press to write that good uncle Joe left Hokkaido in Japan ... Otherwise, now Fujiyama would have to settle laughing
      1. Insurgent
        Insurgent 4 September 2020 08: 40 New
        +9
        Japanese press about the Kuriles: Soviet troops invaded the islands after Japan accepted the terms of the Potsdam Declaration

        Here are weird what ... Someone had to disarm the garrisons on the islands (based on the signing of the Potsdam Declaration), and take the inhabitants and infrastructure of the islands under protection?
        1. Pereira
          Pereira 4 September 2020 09: 01 New
          +6
          At the very least, after the surrender, the Japanese should not have resisted.
          Violated the order of the emperor - a rebel.
          Our troops suppressed a riot in the Japanese army. Samurai should be grateful to the Red Army.
          1. Insurgent
            Insurgent 4 September 2020 09: 07 New
            +7
            Quote: Pereira
            At the very least, after the surrender, the Japanese should not have resisted.
            Violated the order of the emperor - a rebel.
            Our troops suppressed a riot in the Japanese army. Samurai should be grateful to the Red Army.


            The Japanese need to learn Russian, Soviet classics yes

            They ought to know the phrase - “If the enemy does not surrender, he is destroyed", Belonging to Maxim Gorky, and which is sometimes mistakenly attributed to I.V. Stalin.

            First published in the newspaper Pravda, 1930, issue 314 of November 15.

            Stalin quoted Gorky during the Great Patriotic War, reminding our people:

            «War is war. The Red Army takes German soldiers and officers prisoner if they surrender and keeps them alive. The Red Army destroys German soldiers and officers if they refuse to lay down their arms and, with weapons in their hands, are trying to enslave our Motherland. Remember the words of the great Russian writer Maxim Gorky: "if the enemy does not surrender, he is destroyed."»

            (I. Stalin, On the Great Patriotic War of the Soviet Union, Gospolitizdat, M. 1950, pp. 86-87).
            1. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 4 September 2020 09: 30 New
              +8
              Quote: Insurgent
              The Japanese need to learn Russian, Soviet classics

              The Japanese need to learn the Japanese classics. smile
              War crosses out all treaties. You have been defeated, and let's proceed from the current situation.
              © Yutaro Komura - head of the Japanese delegation to the Russian-Japanese negotiations on the conclusion of the Portsmouth Peace Treaty
              1. Insurgent
                Insurgent 4 September 2020 09: 38 New
                +3
                Quote: Alexey RA

                The Japanese need to learn the Japanese classics.

                Learn ? what Rather remember. yes

                And they remember and honor, but in this context these words spoken in Portsmouth, in their opinion, are apparently not very appropriate.
                1. keeper03
                  keeper03 4 September 2020 22: 05 New
                  +2
                  Strange, but for some reason the Japs are silent, who threw off the atomic bombs on them, maybe the memory was knocked off ?! No. what
          2. orionvitt
            orionvitt 4 September 2020 17: 31 New
            +3
            By and large, the point is not at all about accepting or not accepting any conditions or capitulations. There are historical documents and you cannot trample against them. This is a fashionable tendency of our time, to present oneself as a victim (war, police terror, "bloody communists", "totalitarian" regime, an evil husband, an unloved mother-in-law), whatever and certainly put pressure on pity, demanding various preferences for oneself. All instigators and losers in the last war are now diligently making themselves a victim. A kind of innocent sheep that the evil Russians humiliated literally for nothing. The territories were also taken away. They hypocritically diligently keep silent about their role in the war, but are actively competing for the first place in the ranks of the "most affected". There are collaborators of all stripes who collaborated with Hitler, and the usual Poles, with their snouts in the fluff, tens of millions of "raped German women", and now the "poor Japanese" have pulled themselves together. Right now I will cry with emotion. The USSR has already been accused of the beginning of the Second World War, it remains only to declare Hitler the main world humanist and the trick is in the bag. In some places, this has already happened by the way.
        2. seregatara1969
          seregatara1969 4 September 2020 09: 37 New
          +2
          Part of the Japanese army also fought after the signing of the act of surrender. This does not count?
    2. Alex Nevs
      Alex Nevs 4 September 2020 08: 39 New
      +3
      Hiroshima and Nagasaki to help them.
  2. apro
    apro 4 September 2020 07: 40 New
    +6
    Japan does not need territories. But they really like the movement to the tune of amerovskoy.
    1. Doccor18
      Doccor18 4 September 2020 07: 51 New
      16
      Japan doesn't need territories ...

      Still as needed. Large islands, huge water area and gigantic natural resources. They really need territory. Therefore, they are pressing, and therefore they are looking for loopholes, and therefore they are going to include two aircraft carriers in their fleet, for the first time since the Second World War.
      1. Ragnar Lodbrok
        Ragnar Lodbrok 4 September 2020 07: 58 New
        17
        I absolutely agree, Alexander.
        huge water area and gigantic natural resources

        Billions of American rubles!
        1. figwam
          figwam 4 September 2020 08: 15 New
          +9
          Quote: Ragnar lodbrok
          I absolutely agree, Alexander.
          huge water area and gigantic natural resources

          Billions of American rubles!

          I support ...
          1. Andrey Yuryevich
            Andrey Yuryevich 4 September 2020 08: 29 New
            +7
            Quote: figvam
            Quote: Ragnar lodbrok
            I absolutely agree, Alexander.
            huge water area and gigantic natural resources

            Billions of American rubles!

            I support ...

            colleagues, if our "cookie" worked with you, I would also support, but the facts say the opposite, I will not "push" through the "territories", but yourself, carefully study the question about Damansky ... now it is not ours , and a number of other territories. and more, and more ... it is always a chain of events.
            1. Pereira
              Pereira 4 September 2020 09: 02 New
              -3
              And I heard that Damansky was washed away by floods. There is no such island anymore. Are they lying?
              1. Captain Pushkin
                Captain Pushkin 4 September 2020 18: 33 New
                0
                Quote: Pereira
                And I heard that Damansky was washed away by floods. There is no such island anymore. Are they lying?

                The Chinese covered the channel between the Damansky and the PRC coast. So the island does not really exist anymore, but it was not "washed away".
      2. apro
        apro 4 September 2020 08: 00 New
        +7
        If they were needed, then at the time of ebn they could quietly buy everything for a little bit ... but either they were greedy. Or someone said.cyts.
        The territory north of Honshu, they consider it as our extreme north, extreme, and unsuitable for permanent economic activity, these territories as a method of creating pressure on Moscow to maintain tension.
        1. Mavrikiy
          Mavrikiy 4 September 2020 08: 27 New
          +3
          Quote: apro
          If they were needed, then at the time of ebn they could quietly buy everything for a little bit ... but either they were greedy. Or someone said.cyts.

          Something, somewhere I read that EBN agreed to return and jerked. Almost out of the way he was returned.
          1. U-58
            U-58 4 September 2020 08: 36 New
            +5
            I also heard something about it. And the amount was either 35, or 53 lard of American rubles.
            And it was in the era when EBN almost gave China access to the sea in the area of ​​Lake Khasan. Violently everyone dissuaded him ...
            And the Chinese have already brought up a lot of building materials and have built a port there in 2 years.
      3. Andrey Yuryevich
        Andrey Yuryevich 4 September 2020 08: 21 New
        +4
        Quote: Doccor18
        Japan doesn't need territories ...

        Still as needed. Large islands, huge water area and gigantic natural resources. They really need territory. Therefore, they are pressing, and therefore they are looking for loopholes, and therefore they are going to include two aircraft carriers in their fleet, for the first time since the Second World War.

        about the American bases and missiles, no one colleagues, does not build illusions?
        1. Rjkley
          Rjkley 4 September 2020 12: 32 New
          +3
          And also the clogging of our Pacific Fleet, as well as the shelves and fishing areas ...
    2. Vladimir_6
      Vladimir_6 4 September 2020 08: 39 New
      +2
      Quote: apro
      Japan does not need territories. But they really like the movement to the tune of amerovskoy.

      During the Second World War, the Japanese plundered all of Southeast Asia.
      There is an assumption that the disappeared gold of Yamashita (we are talking about 7500 tons) is hidden on about. Iturup. If the Japanese sign a peace treaty with Russia, gold will become a Soviet (Russian) trophy. To prevent this from happening, the Japanese demand first the return of the islands, after which they are ready to sign a Peace Treaty.
      1. apro
        apro 4 September 2020 08: 55 New
        0
        Quote: Vladimir_6
        that the disappeared gold of Yamashita (we are talking about 7500 tons) is hidden on about. Iturup.

        Too conspiracy ... with a peace treaty he does not want to conclude it so that there would always be a reason for aggravation.
        1. Vladimir_6
          Vladimir_6 4 September 2020 09: 34 New
          0
          Quote: apro
          Too conspiracy ... with a peace treaty he does not want to conclude it so that there would always be a reason for aggravation.

          Under the Treaty, the United States may be against it, but Japan has its own personal interest in the islands.
          1. apro
            apro 4 September 2020 09: 40 New
            +2
            Quote: Vladimir_6
            but Japan has its own personal interest in the islands.

            Not a fact. These islands have not historically belonged to Japan. Colonial exchange. To put it simply.
            Any claim can be put to an end only by severing all diplomatic and economic ties until an acceptable peace treaty is concluded, but Moscow will not agree to that.
            1. Vladimir_6
              Vladimir_6 4 September 2020 10: 25 New
              0
              Quote: apro
              Any claim can be put to an end only by severing all diplomatic and economic ties until an acceptable peace treaty is concluded, but Moscow will not agree to that.

              In international relations, the leaders of states are guided not by emotions, but by common sense. Moscow in this sense is no exception.
              1. apro
                apro 4 September 2020 10: 42 New
                +2
                Quote: Vladimir_6
                Moscow in this sense is no exception.

                I doubt very much. The very fact of negotiations on the islands is provocative.
                1. Vladimir_6
                  Vladimir_6 4 September 2020 10: 49 New
                  0
                  Quote: apro
                  I doubt very much. The very fact of negotiations on the islands is provocative.

                  For this, they adopted amendments to the Constitution, so that there would be no more negotiations
                  1. apro
                    apro 4 September 2020 10: 50 New
                    +2
                    Well, we will. look..
                    1. Vladimir_6
                      Vladimir_6 4 September 2020 11: 07 New
                      0
                      Quote: apro
                      Well, we will. look..

                      Agree hi
  3. Far B
    Far B 4 September 2020 07: 41 New
    +5
    It is one thing to verbally accept the terms of the declaration, and quite another to declare surrender.
    It is one thing to declare surrender, another to lay down arms and not resist. Hiro Onoda had been a completely military partisan for thirty years, if the Filipinos had shot him, the Hokkaido Shimbun would hardly have resented this.
  4. krops777
    krops777 4 September 2020 07: 55 New
    +4
    This statement looks very strange.



    And why is it all strange in the spirit of Russophobia and hatred of all the successes of the USSR and Russia.
  5. Lesorub
    Lesorub 4 September 2020 08: 12 New
    +6
    The Japanese edition of Hokkaido Shimbun joined the information campaign to try to rewrite the results of World War II.

    It is necessary to follow the example of partners and impose sanctions against those who have allowed themselves to engage in Russophobia and rewriting history.
  6. zwlad
    zwlad 4 September 2020 08: 17 New
    0
    What problems?
    We have not signed a peace treaty. Not.
    Do you think you have been illegally captured? Well then you can try to take it away.
    Let our aviation practice on a real enemy.
    At the same time, the Fe-35 will be checked for invisibility.
    1. Avior
      Avior 4 September 2020 09: 53 New
      +2
      No, the state of war ended in 1956 by the Declaration, which was ratified despite the formal title of the declaration.
      ... As a result of these negotiations between the delegations of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Japan, an agreement was reached on the following:

      Article 1
      The state of war between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Japan ceases from the date of entry into force of this Declaration, and peace and good-neighborly friendly relations are restored between them ...

      That is, since December 12, 1956, there has been no state of war.
      1. Captain Pushkin
        Captain Pushkin 4 September 2020 18: 43 New
        0
        Quote: Avior
        That is, since December 12, 1956, there has been no state of war.

        There has been no state of war since Japan signed the act of surrender.
        1. Avior
          Avior 4 September 2020 20: 14 New
          0
          It seems logical, but ...
          You see the wording of the Declaration. It is unambiguous.
          It entered into force on December 12.
          It turns out that surrender and a state of war are two different things. With the Germans, this was not the issue, but with the Germans there was an unconditional surrender, with Japan, no.
  7. U-58
    U-58 4 September 2020 08: 28 New
    +3
    Sewn with white thread.
    Regardless of the documents: if Japan "accepted everything" and "surrendered" (thanks in advance to the Japanese for that)))), then the fighting of the Kwantung Army would have ended on the very first day of the war. Well, these fiends, the Russians, attacked, and we, the great samurai, surrendered without a fight on the very first day, the white flags were thrown away, the weapons were laid in piles and our heads bowed in the traditional ojigi.
    No! They fought not for life, but to the death!
    That is, there is a propaganda lie and provocation. Writing history.
  8. Sergey Averchenkov
    Sergey Averchenkov 4 September 2020 08: 33 New
    +3
    Rewriting history is now normal in light of today's events. That the United States won a victory in the Second World War, but now Japan, has someone found something new for themselves? Both of my grandfathers died in this war, and don't tell me, I still know who killed them.
  9. nikvic46
    nikvic46 4 September 2020 08: 42 New
    +1
    There is the Yalta agreement, and no one needs to be listened to. Under this agreement, part of the Kuril Islands was withdrawn by the USSR. And that's all. What is the dispute?
    1. U-58
      U-58 4 September 2020 08: 48 New
      +1
      The dispute over the 1956 declaration, where Nikita Sergeevich (Khrushchev) pledged to return 2 islands at the conclusion of a peace agreement.
    2. Avior
      Avior 4 September 2020 09: 49 New
      +2
      All Kurilskys departed, not part.
      And the dispute is due to the fact that the Japanese do not consider some of them Kuril.
  10. APASUS
    APASUS 4 September 2020 08: 56 New
    +1
    Losing countries use their economic power and shape another truth. Until our people start thinking about the economy, we will make excuses!
  11. Sibguest
    Sibguest 4 September 2020 08: 57 New
    +1
    Panove Japanese, eat less sour rice - it makes your brains sour.
  12. BAI
    BAI 4 September 2020 09: 00 New
    0
    For all the jumps of the Japanese, they need to quote them from 1905:
    “The war negates all agreements. You were defeated, and let's proceed from the current situation. "

    Again, you can remember how they first attacked in the RYA.
  13. Ivan Tixiy
    Ivan Tixiy 4 September 2020 09: 05 New
    +2
    "Acceptance of the terms of the Potsdam Conference" or Japan's surrender? So if Japan has accepted the "conditions of the Potsdam conference" then what kind of controversial "northern" territories can we talk about? Japan accepted the terms of surrender with the only proviso about the personal integrity of the emperor of the Land of the Rising Sun. So with the rest, then, they agreed? And the Potsdam conference only confirmed the decisions of the Yalta - In exchange for entering the war with Japan, 2-3 months after the end of the war in Europe, the USSR received South Sakhalin, annexed in the Russo-Japanese war, and the Kuril Islands; Mongolia was recognized as an independent state. The Soviet side was also promised to lease Port Arthur and the Chinese-Eastern Railway (CER). Woe to the vanquished!
    1. Avior
      Avior 4 September 2020 09: 46 New
      +1
      It’s not so bad for them, the defeated something that the Germans, that the Japanese, live decently. smile
      Cheese-boron due to the fact that the Japanese do not agree with the fact that the USSR ranked Shikotan and Habomai to the Kuril Islands, although earlier, according to the Japanese, they were not included in the agreements in the Kuril Islands (as, indeed, Kunashir and Iturup).
      hi
      1. Ivan Tixiy
        Ivan Tixiy 5 September 2020 13: 10 New
        0
        All that you are talking about is just details, let's say the attempts of the Japanese to "leave" using the confrontation between the United States and Russia. In the documents of the Yalta Conference, which are the basis of the Potsdam Conference, it is indicated ambiguously - "Kuril Islands" without division into a small ridge or on any other basis, and they can shove their opinion in a certain place. As for "decently living" Germans and Japanese, there are several reasons. Firstly, they paid for "a decent living" with the loss of sovereignty, both the Japanese and the Germans, as well as the whole of Europe. To Stalin Truman also offered this option. Yes, and it is necessary to plow in Japanese or at least in German, but do not give away the wealth of the country to blacks and Arabs
        1. Avior
          Avior 5 September 2020 14: 49 New
          0
          It is there that the Kuril Islands are indicated, unambiguously.
          They were previously listed in two treaties between Russia and Japan. These 4 islands are not on any list of the Kuril Islands.
          Therefore, the Japanese do not consider them to be related to the Kuril. And the Small Ridge - such a name was not met.
          And they live normally, let's be honest
          1. Ivan Tixiy
            Ivan Tixiy 5 September 2020 14: 59 New
            0
            Who argues that they live normally, no one argues. Only now their officials fulfill all the orders of the owner from the United States and where is the gold reserve stored? Somehow it all looks bad. And the fact that they did not list the islands in the same way, and the Russian Foreign Ministry of the "fool" can include - the Kuril Islands, period, everything .... that's what it was meant to be. Moreover, it is so.
  14. Terenin
    Terenin 4 September 2020 09: 10 New
    +3
    The Japanese press has launched a real information campaign, in which it is trying with all its might to present the Soviet Union as an "aggressor state" ...

    Dear Komuto Herovaty hi , I am translating (very softly) into Russian, the view of Joseph Vissarionovich

    We regard your claims as categorically unacceptable. The sovereignty of Russia over the southern Kurils is beyond doubt!
    If it is not clear, these are already your problems. Do not distract, for any nonsense, from business.
  15. Operator
    Operator 4 September 2020 09: 23 New
    +2
    What does "acceptance of conditions" mean? The order to the Japanese armed forces from the main body of power of the Japanese Empire, the Supreme Military Council, on unconditional surrender was announced by radio on August 14, 1945. The second point of the order read:

    "Senior Japanese commanders and all ground, naval, air and auxiliary forces inside Manchuria, Korea north of 38 ° 50 'N latitude, Karafuto and the Kuril Islands must surrender to the commander-in-chief of the Soviet forces in the Far East."

    On the part of Japan, it is required not to engage in misinformation, but to erect a monument to I. Stalin, who, out of the kindness of his soul, did not shoot all the Japanese military who refused to lay down their arms after August 14 and continued hostilities in Manchuria, Korea, Sakhalin and the Kuriles already as illegal armed formations ...
  16. Avior
    Avior 4 September 2020 09: 31 New
    0
    This statement looks very strange. It is one thing to verbally accept the terms of the declaration, and quite another to declare surrender.

    In fact, the surrender of the Japanese army was announced on August 14, and then the order was given to the Japanese troops to surrender.
    General military and naval order No. 1 dated 14.08.1945/XNUMX/XNUMX

    1. The Imperial General Staff, by order of the Emperor and in pursuance of the Emperor's surrender of all Japanese armed forces to the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, hereby commands all of its commanders in Japan and beyond to order the Japanese armed forces and Japanese-controlled forces under their command to cease hostilities immediately, lay down their arms, remain in their present positions and surrender unconditionally to the commanders acting on behalf of the United States, the Republic of China, the United Kingdom and the British Empire and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, as specified below, or as may be additionally ordered by the Supreme Commander of the Allies powers.

    a) Senior Japanese commanders and all ground, naval, air and auxiliary forces inside China (Excluding Manchuria), Formosa, and French Indochina - north of latitude 16 ° N - must surrender to Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek.

    b) Senior Japanese commanders and all ground, naval, air and auxiliary forces inside Manchuria, North Korea. 38 ° 50 'north latitude, Karafuto and the Kuril Islands must surrender to the Commander-in-Chief of the Soviet Forces in the Far East.

    c) Senior Japanese commanders and all ground, naval, air and auxiliary forces in the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Burma, Siam, French Indochina south of 16 ° north latitude - in Malaya, Sumatra, Java, Small Sunda (including Bali, Bombok and Timor), Boero, Seram, Ambon, Kai, Aroe, Tanimbar and on the islands in the Arafura Sea, on the island of Celebes, Galmakhera and in Dutch New Guinea must surrender to the allied commander-in-chief of the South-East Asia region.

    The troops surrendered as soon as the order reached them.
    On September 2, the Act of surrender was signed, the surrender itself took place earlier.
  17. _Ugene_
    _Ugene_ 4 September 2020 09: 40 New
    +1
    what are they arguing about? the islands lost as a result of losing the war, and they want to get back just like that? this is illogical, so now let them also win the war and take it back based on the results, otherwise there is no way
  18. RealPilot
    RealPilot 4 September 2020 09: 42 New
    -1
    And we are still "at war"!
    A peace treaty has not been signed between us ...

    So all these attempts to get strategically important islands are ridiculous. wassat
    1. Trapp1st
      Trapp1st 4 September 2020 09: 52 New
      0
      And we are still "at war"! A peace treaty has not been signed between us ...
      In fact, you can adopt one well-known tactic in the BV, declare someone terrorists in Japan and occupy something else. lol
      1. iouris
        iouris 4 September 2020 13: 52 New
        -1
        Yes, the Japanese are all terrorists. And everyone hates Russia (including the communists).
  19. iouris
    iouris 4 September 2020 10: 58 New
    +1
    So what? You have defeated the Kwantung army. This is the price of victory. In general, it is enough to exaggerate this topic. Or why were the constitutional amendments made?
  20. Husit
    Husit 4 September 2020 16: 18 New
    -5
    On August 18, Soviet troops launched an invasion of Shumshu Island.

    Let them rejoice that the good Stalin gave the order to stop, otherwise they would have taken Hokaido! What our soldiers saw in Manchuria (atrocities, etc.) would have gouged Hokaido in no time ...! So keep quiet ..
    14 million army was under arms in the USSR, fully armed and angry ..
    Nobody and nothing would have held back the Soviet Army, not even the nuclear weapons of the Amers ..
  21. lvov_aleksey
    lvov_aleksey 4 September 2020 23: 21 New
    0
    1905 to 1945 year
    After the defeat of the Russian Empire during the Russo-Japanese War in 1905, an agreement was signed in the American Portsmouth, according to which part of Sakhalin south of the 50th parallel withdrew to the Japanese Empire. The ninth article of the peace treaty, at the insistence of the Japanese side, obliged Russia to cede the southern part of Sakhalin Island and all adjacent islands (Tyuleniy and Moneron) to the Japanese government. In 1918, power passed to the Sakhalin Island Self-Government Collective, and then to the Sakhalin Regional Council. In 1920, Japan, taking advantage of the Civil War and the establishment of Soviet power in the Far East, seized the northern part of Sakhalin and occupied it for five years against the backdrop of aggravated political and economic contradictions. On August 8, 1945, the Soviet Union joins the Potsdam Declaration and declares war on Japan, just like the allied countries, believing that "a new order of peace, security and justice will be impossible until irresponsible militarism is expelled from the world." On September 2, 1945, the war was over, Sakhalin and the Kuriles came under the control of the USSR.


    XIX century
    Links to sources

    This section is missing references to information sources.
    The information must be verifiable, otherwise it can be questioned and deleted.
    You can edit this article by adding links to authoritative sources.
    This mark was set on May 12, 2011.
    Kuril Islands on an English map of 1893

    In 1805, Nikolai Rezanov, a representative of the Russian-American company, tried to resume negotiations on trade with Japan, who arrived in Nagasaki as the first Russian envoy. But he also failed. However, Japanese officials, who were not satisfied with the despotic policy of the supreme power, made him understand with hints that it would be nice to hold a forceful action in these lands, which could bring the situation to a standstill. This was done on behalf of Rezanov in 1806-1807 by an expedition of two ships led by Lieutenant Khvostov (three-masted ship Juno) and midshipman Davydov (tender "Avos"). Ships were plundered, a number of trading posts were destroyed, and a Japanese village was burned down on Iturup. They were later tried, but the attack for some time led to a serious deterioration in Russian-Japanese relations. In particular, this was the reason for the arrest of Vasily Golovnin's expedition.

    The first distinction between the possessions of Russia and Japan in the Kuril Islands was made in the Shimod treaty of 1855: the document legalized Japanese territorial conquests, the islands of Kunashir, Iturup, Shikotan and Habomai were transferred to Japan, the islands north of Iturup were declared the possessions of Russia, and Sakhalin continued to remain joint owned by two countries.

    In 1875, in exchange for ownership of Sakhalin, Russia transferred all the Kuril Islands to Japan.
    XX century
    Main article: Problem of ownership of the southern Kuril Islands
    Monument-obelisk to the soldiers of the Soviet army who participated in the Kuril landing operation. Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky

    After defeat in 1905 in the Russo-Japanese War, Russia handed over to Japan the southern part of Sakhalin, as well as the Liaodong Peninsula (with the ports of Port Arthur and Dalniy).

    On August 8, 1945, the USSR declared war on Japan, and on August 9, hostilities began. During the Soviet-Japanese War of 1945, the Japanese Kwantung Army of one million was defeated in Manchuria. By the beginning of September 1945, Soviet troops completely occupied the Kuril Islands. On February 2, 1946, a decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR followed on the formation of the Yuzhno-Sakhalin Oblast in the territory of Southern Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands as part of the Khabarovsk Territory of the RSFSR [30].

    On November 5, 1952, a powerful tsunami struck the eastern coast of the Kuriles and Kamchatka, Paramushir suffered the most. The giant wave almost completely washed away the city of Severo-Kurilsk (formerly Kasivabara). In it and other settlements, 2336 people died, according to archival documents [31].

    In 1956, the Soviet Union and Japan signed a Joint Declaration, according to which "the state of war between the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics and Japan ceases from the date of entry into force of this Declaration, and peace and good-neighborly friendly relations are restored between them." In the declaration, the USSR agreed to hand over Habomai and Shikotan to Japan after the conclusion of a peace treaty [32]. But the issue of transferring the Lesser Kuril Ridge is spelled out in the declaration in general terms, it is not clear what it is about: either the transfer of the islands of Japan to a long-term lease for economic activity, or the transfer of sovereignty over the islands from one country to another. Subsequently, due to US threats not to surrender the island of Okinawa to Japan, Tokyo refused to sign the peace treaty, because according to it, it appeared that Japan was abandoning its claims to Iturup and Kunashir [33].


    ps they us in 1905, and we have them in 1945, and why do we owe someone.
  22. 1536
    1536 5 September 2020 06: 28 New
    0
    Russia liberated its own Kuril Islands in 1945. And she did this, among other things, so that the Americans did not bomb the entire territory of Japan with atomic bombs and did not destroy all the Japanese. The Japanese should thank us for saving us from the American barbarians.
  23. Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov
    Vladimir Vladimirovich Vorontsov 5 September 2020 18: 53 New
    +1
    ***

    -Japan, with the support of the Soviet Union, became a member of the UN, signed and ratified the Charter of the organization, which contains Article 107, which states that all the results of World War II are inviolable.

    -The war between the USSR and Japan was completed on September 2, 1945 by the signing by the Japanese of an act of unconditional surrender.

    -The state of war was officially terminated on October 19, 1956, when a joint Declaration was signed: "The state of war between the USSR and Japan ceases from the date of entry into force of this Declaration, and peace and good-neighborly friendly relations are restored between them."

    -The Kuril Islands came under the control of the USSR as a result of World War II, which was stipulated in the Cairo Declaration of 1943, the Potsdam Declaration of 1945, as well as in the 1951 peace treaty signed in San Francisco.

    -Japan unconditionally recognized the Potsdam and Cairo Declarations and signed the act of surrender in 1945. And in 1951, the Japanese abandoned their claims to the Kuril Islands and Sakhalin.

    ---

    Salmon tail splashed on the wave

    The islands disappeared in the fog

    They will not return

    Deal with Nihon ...

    © V.V. Vorontsov Islands of the Rising Sun of Russia

    ***
  24. malyvalv
    malyvalv 6 September 2020 03: 25 New
    0
    Why is that? The Japanese in 1904 treacherously attacked and in 1905 squeezed half of Sakhalin. And they used it for 40 years. They also need to regret something after this. Not to be forgotten.
  25. Shadow041
    Shadow041 9 September 2020 11: 37 New
    +1
    In 1905, Japanese diplomats had the audacity to declare to Russia - War cancels any agreements. Thus, Japan itself refused to comply with the agreements previously signed with Russia and today has no right to refer to them. Thus, for today, Japan has no rights to the Kuriles and Sakhalin, from the word AT ALL.