How tired of us the enlightened West! Tired in every way. And for a long time. For a thousand years, the Russians, or rather the Russian state, have been destroying the ingenious plans of Europe, and later the United States. Attempts to show the Russians their place by military force have successfully failed since the days of Prophetic Oleg, not to mention the tsars and emperors. I don't even want to write about the Soviets. To wring the neck of a united Europe under the leadership of Hitler - it had to be able to.
Attempts to prove that the Eastern barbarians can do nothing and can do nothing without Western brains, Western scientific and engineering thought, also did not bring any dividends. Technology and science in Russia developed even in conditions of complete isolation from the West. Space alone was enough for everything to be understood by those with a brain.
Today the Russians have sniffed the West again with their coronavirus vaccine. Again the first and again independently, in the conditions of complete secrecy of Western developments. That is why Western politicians are furious. Therefore, information on the Russian vaccine is carefully hushed up. Therefore, they come up with different versions about the impossibility of such a development in Russia.
I have been asked questions about the vaccine for a long time. I'm not a virologist. Therefore, I answered in fairly general terms. And then I decided that the best answer to all questions of this kind could be ... an excursion into history... Into our past. I have always affirmed and affirm that history is not so much the past as the future, but in a different setting, in different circumstances. Like classic literature. Timeless plots, transferred by writers to their contemporary environment.
These wild Russian empresses ...
Those who are familiar with history at least at the level of the school curriculum remember well the dark times of the Middle Ages, when diseases mowed down entire countries. For several centuries, infectious diseases claimed millions of lives practically throughout Europe. The echoes of these events are present even today in European countries. And the famous mask of the plague doctor has already become so popular that it is kept in families of tourists all over the world.
Even the methods of dealing with the same medieval plague and other diseases remained the same. Remember the village huts in the west of Russia, in Belarus or in the Ukraine. Those famous braids of garlic and onions, which are an attribute of most rural houses. In more remote places, even conspiracies and spells have been preserved, which supposedly protect against diseases.
Scientists around the world have been looking for ways to combat the disease. The British were the luckiest. During the colonization of China, it was the British who discovered a strange way of treating infectious diseases with Chinese doctors. The Chinese used ... the biomaterial of sick people for treatment. They took a small part of this biomaterial and introduced it into the body of a healthy person. At the beginning of the 18th century, such techniques were already being developed in Britain and Germany.
Russia also suffered from smallpox. Affected by the presence of Peter's "window to Europe." The disease did not spare anyone. Let me remind you of the death of Emperor Peter II. In 1730, the 14-year-old emperor died of smallpox. The disease did not distinguish between classes and ages. And there was practically no protection from it. The beginning of the end of smallpox in Russia was laid by Empress Catherine II. So, we can assume that President Putin and his daughter, who experienced the vaccine, partially repeated what the Russian empress did.
The Russian empress, realizing that it was necessary to somehow fight the disease, decided to try the newfangled remedy on herself. She invited a specialist from Great Britain, Thomas Dimsdale, who secretly inoculated the empress herself and the future emperor Paul. It happened on October 23, 1768. The biomaterial was taken from a little boy, the son of the sergeant major Alexander Markov.
A very limited circle of people knew about the illness of Catherine the Great. She herself and her son were hiding in Tsarskoe Selo. Catherine's illness lasted a week. The fact that Dimsdale's life-doctor treated the vaccine as an experiment and could not guarantee the final result is evidenced by the entries in his diary:
Many other pockmarks appeared, and the smallpox was full, at will, to great pleasure.
Here's a story. By the way, Catherine the Great never forgot any of those who participated in this dangerous experiment. Thomas Dimsdale received the title of Baron and the title of Life Medic, the rank of acting Councilor of State and a life pension. The son of Alexander Markov became a nobleman and received the surname Ospenny.
A special silver medal was instituted for doctors, on which the Empress herself was depicted and the inscription "She set an example by herself." And on the reverse side: "For inoculating smallpox." This medal was awarded to doctors throughout the 19th century.
Yes, there was one more award, which many considered their highest award and about which, to my regret, few people know. This award was ... pockmark from the Empress! According to historical documents, there were about 140 high officials and representatives of ancient families of Russia "awarded with pockmarks from the empress". From a letter from Catherine the Great to the Ambassador to Great Britain, Count Chernyshev:
Now we have two conversations only: the first is about the war (Russian-Turkish. - Ed.), And the second is about vaccination. Starting from me and my son, who is also recovering, there is no noble house in which there were not several vaccinated, and many regret that they had smallpox and cannot be fashionable. Count Grigory Grigorievich Orlov, Count Kirill Grigorievich Razumovskaya and countless others passed through the hands of Mr. Dimsdal, even to beauties ... Here is an example.
Louis Pasteur's admirer of the Romanov family
Today everyone knows about animal rabies. They even know about the danger of bites from these same animals for humans. More precisely, they heard something, but nothing serious in particular. And why should you know? Such knowledge is necessary for specialists. Yet a hundred years ago, quite a few people died of rabies. The disease was spread by animals, it was almost impossible to predict where the next outbreak would be.
The great French scientist Louis Pasteur went down in history as the creator of the rabies vaccine. Meanwhile, the range of his interests was huge. From fermentation and spontaneous generation and the art of preparing paints, primers and oils for artists to the method of pasteurization of products, from silkworm diseases to anthrax, chicken cholera and rabies.
In 1885 Pasteur discovered the rabies vaccine. A center for the treatment of rabies patients was established in Paris. People from all over Europe went to be treated by Pasteur. Including from Russia. Just at this time in the Smolensk province, a mad wolf was "atrocities". He attacked people in the most unexpected places. According to historians, 16 out of 19 Russians sent to Paris were cured in the center of Pasteur.
Here is an interesting resolution of Emperor Alexander III in a letter from Chief Prosecutor Konstantin Pobedonostsev. Very indicative, by the way, in terms of the attitude of the top of the Russian government to the common people:
Get 700 rubles from Taneev. It is highly desirable to send at least the most dangerous ones to Paris to Pasteur, who is very interested in the bites of a mad wolf, since he has not yet had such a patient with him.
By the way, the same Emperor Alexander later helped Louis Pasteur a lot when he opened the Pasteur Institute in Paris. The emperor donated almost 199 thousand francs of his own funds for this. At the insistence of the emperor, on June 11, 1886, a Pasteur station was opened in Odessa. The first in Russia and the second in the world. In July, a month later, the third station in the world was opened in Moscow.
Running a little ahead, we can name one more figure that appeared, including thanks to Emperor Alexander III. Before the Great Patriotic War, 80 such stations and several hundred of their branches operated in the USSR, thanks to which thousands of lives were saved.
The Soviets defeated the illness that disabled the US President
In the 20th century, Russians became Soviet. I myself am Soviet. Therefore, a story about the fight against diseases would be incomplete without a description of at least one disease, which we, the Soviets, defeated. It will be a question of a disease, the name of which is known to any parent already because many treat the vaccination against this disease as a usual reinsurance of doctors.
It's about polio. The disease is terrible. Suffice it to say that every tenth patient dies during infection. And in general, only 50% of patients live without consequences after transferring this disease. And the consequences ... Suffice it to cite a few examples of surviving patients. From among those who are known all over the world. US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, science fiction writer Arthur Clarke, director Francis Ford Coppola.
Poliomyelitis did not spread in the USSR for a long time. The first epidemic happened in our country only in 1949. The first foci of the epidemic were seen in the Baltics, Siberia and Kazakhstan. The disease claimed up to 12000 people annually. You can calculate the number of cripples that appeared in the USSR every year.
There was no vaccine for this disease in the Soviet Union. But there was a vaccine in the USA - the Salk vaccine. It appeared in 1955. Quite dangerous, but effective. One of the virologists, Albert Sabin, created his own vaccine. But it was unrealistic to introduce it into production. The market dictated its terms. Rebuilding production was simply unprofitable.
Two Soviet virologists were sent to the United States: Mikhail Chumakov and Anatoly Smorodintsev. Ultimately, Chumakov persuaded Sabin to continue working in Moscow. Several thousand doses of the vaccine were exported to the USSR. Work has begun on this vaccine. What caused, oddly enough it sounds today, protests in the USSR Ministry of Health.
Today we often talk about some kind of awe for the West. On the constant comparison of our achievements and the achievements of Americans, Germans, French, British ... In the late 50s, the Ministry of Health demonstrated approximately the same approach. The main argument for banning vaccine work was the rejection of the American source material.
What was happening then in the families of vaccine developers is quite similar to the actions of Empress Catherine the Great. Virologists instilled in each other, their relatives, children, grandchildren. It was necessary to recruit as many vaccinated as possible. But the Ministry of Health was relentless. Permits were not given anyway. Incidentally, none of the vaccinated protested. Everyone understood the danger of illness for children.
And then Chumakov acted in the style of "Stalinist times". Seeing the government telephone number left unattended, Chumakov directly called Anastas Mikoyan personally. It was he who at that time was in charge of Soviet health care. Do you know how the vaccination permit was obtained? According to Chumakov's recollections, it sounded like this: "Is this a good vaccine?" - "Good!" - "Vaccinate!"
In 1963, Chumakov and Smorodintsev were awarded the Lenin Prize. And the vaccine has been purchased by over 60 countries, including the United States. The scale of vaccination is also impressive. For a year and a half of use (by 1960), 77,5 million people were vaccinated in the USSR alone! The epidemic was over!
Again the Russians are ahead
A vaccine against coronavirus (COVID-19) has been created in Russia. A patent for a Russian vaccine is already being considered by 150 countries. However, WHO is in no hurry to recognize this development. Cause? The vaccine has not passed the stage of mass clinical trials. Here is what Interfax reports about the vaccine:
Sputnik V (aka Gam-Covid-Vac) is a genetically engineered vector vaccine. For such a vaccine, a virus that is safe for humans is selected, and the gene of the virus against which the vaccine is being made is inserted into its genome. The product of this gene, a protein, is supposed to induce immunity against the virus that causes the disease. It consists of two serotypes of adenovirus, in the genome of which the SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus gene is inserted, which encodes a protein responsible for the production of protective immunity.
Why is WHO so reluctant to admit a vaccine? Again the intrigues of our "partners" or "race"? I also have a third option. It is no secret that today there are many people who have had some degree of coronavirus disease. And, as it turned out, after an illness, immunity is not developed. And the second wave of the epidemic for those who have recovered is likely to be fatal. So the doctors are in a hurry ...
Note, we are not waiting for international recognition of our vaccine. We are not waiting for the end of all tests. We will vaccinate people at will. At the same time, special attention is paid to people of those professions that are in the greatest danger. These are doctors, teachers, trade workers, transport workers, etc.
The creators of the vaccine claim that there are not many side effects and contraindications. Here is what the director of the Center for them. Gamalei Alexander Gunzburg:
Contraindications include serious chronic autoimmune diseases: arthritis, arthrosis, acute stages, pollinosis, food allergy. In order not to exacerbate them, you need to seriously consult with an immunologist - this is the same as with other vaccinations, there are no exceptions.
Other contraindications are possible, even likely to exist. Any vaccine during use is overgrown with many additional, previously unknown contraindications. Only now we are talking about a global threat to Russia. About the danger to the whole world.
Perhaps we should also think about Catherine the Great and the future Emperor Paul. About Emperor Alexander the Peacemaker. Finally, about President Putin. Someone has to be the first again. So that on the medal, which, perhaps, will appear in our country, there were the same words as on Catherine's one: "I set an example with myself."
I hope it doesn't come to that, but still ...