Military Review

Rocket complex "Hermes". Waiting for a universal system

Rocket complex "Hermes". Waiting for a universal system

Means of land "Hermes" in the stowed position

One of the main novelties of the last forum "Army-2020" was the promising multipurpose complex of guided weapons "Hermes" in the ground version. Shortly before the exhibition, its developers published new details, and at the event itself they showed a number of components of the complex in different versions.

Rocket unfinished

The Hermes project is at the same time one of the most interesting and most complex developments in our defense industry. Work on a promising interspecific missile system began in the Tula Instrument Design Bureau back in the nineties, but the full implementation of such weapons in the army has not yet begun.

"Hermes" is a universal complex for use on different carriers in different types of troops. A modification is proposed for the army aviationmounted on combat helicopters. A mobile land-based version has also been developed and work continues on a ship-based one. The creation of a stationary modification for coastal defense was previously mentioned, but it seems to have been abandoned.

Rocket and its TPK

Aviation missile system "Hermes-A" was tested in 2003, and then preparations for serial production were carried out. The land-based Hermes was presented only this year, and the ship-based Hermes-K has not yet been shown to the general public. However, recent reports indicate the acceleration of work, and therefore new messages and materials on the project may appear in the very near future.

Common component

All Hermes modifications use a common set of fire control equipment and a unified missile with broad capabilities. To solve different problems, several modifications of the rocket can be used, which differ from each other in a set of units and characteristics.

Rocket "Hermes" is a two-stage product of the bicaliber scheme. Externally and in architecture, the product resembles the ammunition of the Pantsir missile-gun complex. The rocket includes a launch and cruise stage. The first is a solid-propellant engine, and the second contains guidance and warhead.

The total length of the rocket is approx. 3,5 m. The aircraft modification is equipped with a launch stage with a diameter of 170 mm and a mass of 110 kg. Such a starting engine allows you to hit targets at ranges up to 20 km. For the land-based complex, a rocket with a more powerful starting engine is offered, located in a case with a diameter of 210 mm. With its help, the rocket flies 100 km.

The marching stage is equipped with a combined guidance system, the composition of which also depends on the missile modification. In the Hermes-A complex, an inertial or radio command system is used to launch the missile into the target area; then the seeker begins to work. The ground complex uses an inertial and radio navigation system, after which it also turns on the GOS.

According to open data, three types of GOS have been developed for Hermes. These are radar, infrared and semi-active laser systems. The presence of several GOS should increase the flexibility of using the complex when solving certain problems.

All missile modifications are equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead weighing 28-30 kg with a charge of 18-20 kg. With its help, the defeat of various armored vehicles, structures and buildings, as well as surface objects and low-altitude air targets is ensured.

Hermes on land

The land-based version of the interspecies missile system is based on an automobile chassis that provides high strategic and tactical mobility. The complex includes a combat vehicle with a launcher, a mobile command post, and reconnaissance and communications equipment.

The self-propelled launcher carries up to 10 TPK with guided missiles. The containers are mounted on the unit with the possibility of pointing in two planes. Combat work is provided by a transport-loading vehicle with devices for transporting and reloading ammunition.

The fire control machine carries all the necessary means for calculating and entering data. It was previously mentioned that it is also equipped with its own multifunctional radar station. In the latest materials on the project, UAVs are mentioned as a means of reconnaissance and target designation, capable of ensuring the operation of the complex at maximum ranges. Also, the command post can receive data on targets from third-party sources.

The missile battery can include several combat vehicles controlled from one command post. Shooting can be carried out from prepared and unprepared positions at various objects in the entire range of ranges. It is possible to create new modifications of the complex on various chassis, incl. for export.

The ground "Hermes" is intended to destroy armored vehicles of different classes, stationary structures, surface targets, etc. A long-range missile will allow attacking objects at a great depth of defense, and modern seeker should ensure a high impact efficiency. Complexes of this kind are already available from foreign armies and have confirmed their wide capabilities.

Air carriers

The first tests of the Hermes-A complex were carried out using a Ka-52 helicopter. In the future, there were reports of the possibility of installing such weapons on attack, transport-combat and transport helicopters of various types. It was reported that tests were carried out using the Mi-28 and Mi-171 machines. Also new weapons could be obtained by attack aircraft of the Su-25 family.

According to recent reports, the Mi-28N (M) and Ka-52 (M) attack helicopters will become the main carriers of the Hermes-A in our army aviation. Helicopters of serial modifications have already used new missiles at test ranges, and tests were also carried out as part of the Syrian operation of the Aerospace Forces.

Ka-52 with Hermes-A missiles

As part of the armament of attack helicopters, the Hermes-K should complement other missile systems with less high technical and combat characteristics. It is designed to attack armored vehicles, various structures, etc. An important feature of the complex is the possibility of hitting targets from outside the enemy's air defense zone.

Marine modification

The Hermes-K multipurpose missile system remains at the development stage and has not yet been shown to the public. It is intended for installation on boats and small displacement ships in need of a light and effective striking device. It was reported that such a complex would use a modified missile with a firing range of up to 30 km.

The target for the ship "Hermes-K" will be various enemy coastal objects and ships of small displacement. Due to its limited characteristics, the unified missile can effectively engage and destroy only targets with a displacement of up to 100 tons. To destroy larger boats and ships, it is required to hit key structural elements or use several missiles.

Aviation complex components

The naval version of the Hermes complex is supposed to enhance the weapons of small ships and boats, which cannot be equipped with larger and more powerful missiles. At the same time, sufficiently high fighting qualities will be provided.

A long awaited prospect

For various reasons, the process of creating a new interspecific missile system has been delayed. However, the industry wasted no time and carried out all the necessary work, the results of which are now shown at exhibitions. Two versions of "Hermes" of the three announced are already ready and are being tested; the third is expected to appear.

The appearance and mass introduction of the Hermes complexes can seriously affect the capabilities of the three combat arms. At the disposal of the ground forces there will be a new means for hitting small targets at significant ranges - a kind of ATGM with an OTRK range. Army aviation will supplement its arsenals with more effective weapons, and the navy will be able to supply missiles even to small boats.

However, the developer and the customer have not yet specified when the ready-made multipurpose complexes will go into series and go into service. Earlier it was reported about the readiness of modifications of "Hermes" for production, but it has not yet begun. How soon it will be possible to complete all the current work and when the army will receive new weapons is a big question. And the presence of such systems in foreign countries makes this issue even more acute.
Photos used:
KB Instrument-making /
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  1. Magic archer
    Magic archer 4 September 2020 04: 57
    The long-awaited rocket. I am glad that, in addition to laser guidance, there are radar and infrared homing devices, which will allow them to be used according to the principle of fired and forgotten. I hope we will see them in the troops soon
  2. sen
    sen 4 September 2020 05: 16
    "All missile modifications are equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead weighing 28-30 kg with a charge of 18-20 kg."
    Those. there is no cumulative warhead.
    1. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 4 September 2020 07: 09
      The question is certainly interesting. Could put a combined warhead.
    2. Sergey_G_M
      Sergey_G_M 4 September 2020 08: 17
      With an explosive mass of 18-20 kg, is a cumulative warhead needed?
      1. garri-lin
        garri-lin 4 September 2020 09: 38
        The rocket is big and expensive. Several different warheads will add flexibility. Write what is used against stationary objects. Strengthening. A concrete punch will not hurt. Moreover, the speed of the rocket is high. Kumul may not be needed, but the shock core can be thought of. To cheat KAZ.
        1. Simargl
          Simargl 8 September 2020 01: 54
          Quote: garri-lin
          To cheat KAZ.

          KAZ? What for? If a rocket hits any tank, even a blank, it will break it. If it explodes next to it, it will turn it over.
          1. garri-lin
            garri-lin 8 September 2020 22: 27
            With a direct hit, yes. A close detonation of 20 kg of explosives will not greatly harm the tank. Disabled. But the tank will be on the enemy's territory and will most likely be restored.
            1. Simargl
              Simargl 9 September 2020 05: 13
              Quote: garri-lin
              A close detonation of 20 kg of explosives will not greatly harm the tank.
              That of the seeker rocket is one of three types. Hopefully it gets there, though.
      2. Sckepsis
        Sckepsis 7 September 2020 07: 54
        Definitely needed.
      3. Zaurbek
        Zaurbek 8 September 2020 07: 32
        Western competitors have a non-top-firing mode ... if needed. UF will not hit like that.
        1. Boris Chernikov
          Boris Chernikov 8 September 2020 13: 22
          but the point is in the cumul? with a diameter of 130 mm, it will be able to penetrate, at best, 1 mm of armor without DZ ... in the forehead of a modern tank this is not enough ... but what will happen to the MBT if 000 kg of explosives with the equivalent of 18 kg explode on its armor TNT..there is option one - the tank will be disabled.
    3. venik
      venik 4 September 2020 18: 40
      Quote: sen
      "All missile modifications are equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead weighing 28-30 kg with a charge of 18-20 kg."
      Those. there is no cumulative warhead.

      The question is, of course, an interesting ... To answer it is enough to remember that "Assault / Attack", as well as "Cornet" - when the same mass-dimensional characteristics can carry as many as 3 (three!) types of warheads - cumulative, high-explosive fragmentation и thermobaric! ..... And at the "declared" speed (more than 4 M!) - to the high-explosive fragmentation, it is enough to add a hardened core (for example, from tungsten carbide or "depleted" uranium ...) .... And it will turn out - "high-explosive fragmentation-armor-piercing"rocket!!!
    4. Alex777
      Alex777 4 September 2020 19: 07
      Those. there is no cumulative warhead.

      Why did you decide so? Justify, please. hi
      1. sen
        sen 5 September 2020 04: 52
        Why did you decide so? Justify, please.

        This follows from the discussed article
        All missile modifications are equipped with a high-explosive fragmentation warhead weighing 28-30 kg with a charge of 18-20 kg.

        From Wikipedia.Гермес_(ракетный_комплекс)
        And the developer's site (pop-up window - when you click on the word "rocket").
    5. Simargl
      Simargl 8 September 2020 01: 58
      Quote: sen
      Those. there is no cumulative warhead.
      What for? To pierce concrete?
      A tank and a bare land mine will be enough, for small-tonnage ships too. Armor penetration is declared in meter. Or do we need to string several tanks together?
  3. sen
    sen 4 September 2020 05: 30
    The advantage of our Hermes complex is that it can also be used on army aviation, in contrast to the American tactical missile system NLOS-LS, which performs similar tasks.
    For reference.
    The NLOS-LS tactical missile system is a block of sixteen containers weighing slightly more than 1,5 tons and measuring 1,14 x 1,14 x 1,75 m.One of the containers houses the electronic control equipment, and the rest - 15 subsonic missiles: RAM or LAM. Each of them weighs 45 kg, length 1,5 m, diameter 18 cm. The launch of the rockets is vertical. In the field, data are entered into the missile control units and launched using a small-sized personal computer. Moreover, in addition to coordinates, the missile's trajectory is also recorded in the memory of the missile, bypassing the "restricted" zones. In the middle section of the trajectory, the missiles are guided by the inertial system and the satellite navigation NAVSTAR. In flight, two-way communication is supported, which allows the missile to transmit target data to the command post and retarget the missile. Warhead cumulative or high-explosive fragmentation.
    UR RAM has a range of 40 km (in the future 60 km). Warhead weight - 5 kg. Engine - solid propellant, dual-mode. Depending on the combat conditions, three guidance options are possible: IR homing mode (switched on 8 km before the target), semi-active guidance mode by the reflected laser beam, "coordination attack" mode of stationary targets using the NAVSTAR satellite navigation system.
    SD LAM has a range of 200 km. Warhead weight - 3,63 kg. Main engine - turbojet, starting solid propellant. The final targeting system is an active laser with target recognition (LADAR). Thanks to two-way communication, UR LAM can also conduct reconnaissance and aerial photography of the area.
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 4 September 2020 11: 18
      The NLOS-LS is basically an anti-tank missile ... hence the relatively small warheads. But a number of NLOS characteristics make this ammunition more modern than the Hermes! After all, what is now being reported to us "about Hermes" differs little from what was reported at the end of the last century - the beginning of the present! The concept of "Hermes", I think, remains in demand ... modern and now! There are no complaints about the concept! But a number of solutions for the technical implementation of the concept are largely outdated! At the same time, a number of technical solutions NLOS-LS compare favorably with "Hermes"! If these solutions were “embodied” in the Hermes concept, we would get the most effective, 100% modern, with great claims to versatility, a rocket! To do this, it is enough to compare the technical characteristics of "Hermes" and NLOS, and "try on" "liked" in NLOS on "Hermes"! (When considering the Hermes project ... for all its merits ... it is still impossible to get rid of the feeling of the "smell of naphthalene"!)
      1. alexmach
        alexmach 4 September 2020 18: 00
        The concept of "Hermes", I think, remains in demand

        It is not entirely clear why it is needed in the land version. For helicopters - yes, of course, new missile launchers are needed, for ships-boats a small and most importantly not expensive rocket would also be useful. But why for the ground forces? Isn't it more rational to make missile defense systems based on RZSO shells? But they are already made. Why would they even need a bicaliber missile?
        1. ProkletyiPirat
          ProkletyiPirat 4 September 2020 19: 05
          moreover, if we compare Hermes with other PTSs from ground units, we get the following:
          1) in defense against single targets, Hermes will be worse than the ATGM of the Cornet / Tou class
          2) in attack and / or reconnaissance against single targets, Hermes will be worse than ATGMs of the Spike / Javelin class
          3) when destroying numerous targets in a small area, Hermes will be worse than BR, KR and MLRS with cluster elements.
          4) when destroying numerous targets over a large area, Hermes will be worse than reconnaissance and shock UAVs, especially if they have the same basis. (For example, the following basis: basing in a TEU container on a Kamaz chassis, vertical takeoff, hovering landing (or from a small catapult ), aircraft-like maximum speed)

          so it remains an advantage in the air and naval version against yachts, boats, and other small-sized targets.
        2. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I 4 September 2020 20: 03
          Well, it's the other way around for me ... the desire to shove long-range Hermes missiles into helicopters is less clear! The main thing in "Hermes", it turns out, ...versatility and versatility!
          Universalism- land, aviation, naval versions are being created ... the presence of booster blocks of different weight and dimensions makes it possible to have ammunition of various types of structural purpose and weight and dimensions!Multifunctionality- Powerful warhead allows you to use ammunition against a whole list of different targets! All this is needed in order to finally have a relatively inexpensive and mass-produced, sufficiently effective rocket "for all occasions"! Simplified logistics ... mastering weapons in units ... But still ... I would like to see "Hermes" of a slightly different construct ...! And also, some technical solutions such as those embodied in the NLOS project ...
        3. Zaurbek
          Zaurbek 8 September 2020 07: 35
          Well, you have an MZKT with 300mm rockets with a mass of 1 ton ... and a warhead of 200-300kg. (These were also advertised with correction). And here is a more delicate system.
          1. alexmach
            alexmach 8 September 2020 09: 19
            In my opinion, adding high-precision missiles to the arsenal of the MLRS is just a very logical decision. If you need a delicate system, there is the Grad. 122 mm should be enough to accommodate any guidance equipment.
            Yes, the two-stage Shell rocket is of course even more "delicate" than the Grad rocket,
            1. Zaurbek
              Zaurbek 8 September 2020 09: 38
              MLRS use "simple and cheap" GOS with an inertial system and GLONNAS. ATGMs use more complex seeker with optics and infrared and radar to destroy tanks and some kind of moving targets and, perhaps, also recognize and highlight some more important ones. And they don't need 300kg of explosives
  4. pmkemcity
    pmkemcity 4 September 2020 06: 45
    Interestingly, here, purely hypothetically - can you put a nuclear warhead somewhere on the edge, or not?
    1. Sancho_SP
      Sancho_SP 4 September 2020 07: 03
      The caliber is close to 152, the mass allows. There are no barriers in the path of patriots)
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Mimoprohodil
        Mimoprohodil 4 September 2020 09: 29
        130 mm close to 152?
        1. Sancho_SP
          Sancho_SP 4 September 2020 11: 00
          Close, a couple of centimeters in total. Considering that this is not a projectile and the walls can be made thinner ... although, of course, I do not know the specific dimensions of the interior of this projectile.
        2. Zaurbek
          Zaurbek 8 September 2020 07: 37
          It was planned to put YABCHs in small caliber ... in the 60s-70s. 100mm is definitely possible. The only question is the range and accuracy of the art system.
  5. Sancho_SP
    Sancho_SP 4 September 2020 07: 04
    So if the heads and accelerators are different - what's the catch of unification?
    1. Sergey_G_M
      Sergey_G_M 4 September 2020 08: 30
      Yes, here the unification is not very big.
      The main unification is that everything is done by the Tula Instrument Design Bureau, the article is more advertising.
      According to open data, three types of GOS have been developed for Hermes. These are radar, infrared and semi-active laser systems.
      The author has everything mixed up and the GOS and proximity fuses.
  6. garri-lin
    garri-lin 4 September 2020 09: 44
    Television GOS is also needed. Long range version. And adapting "any modification to any medium" does not hurt either. Turntables 100 km if not needed but will not interfere with boats.
    1. alexmach
      alexmach 4 September 2020 18: 14
      TV seeker is also needed

      How will it work on a supersonic rocket?
      1. garri-lin
        garri-lin 4 September 2020 19: 31
        Well, as if the competitor Hermes A under the code LMUR has a combined head with a television channel and a supersonic speed. Although smaller than Hermes.
    CTABEP 4 September 2020 11: 17
    Only the difference in range is not clear. From an airplane, in theory, it should not fly three times closer, but even if it is there with 1 stage - then why on ships as on airplanes, and not as on a ground chassis?
    1. Lontus
      Lontus 4 September 2020 12: 15
      Quote: CTABEP
      why on ships as on airplanes, and not as on a ground chassis?

      It seemed strange to me too. I can only guess what is connected with the guidance system.
  8. iouris
    iouris 4 September 2020 12: 14
    Is the range too small? How will targets be detected and recognized? How will battlefield survival be ensured?
  9. bars1
    bars1 4 September 2020 20: 05
    Hermes has a combined seeker: thermal imaging channel + semi-active laser.
  10. ydjin
    ydjin 6 September 2020 05: 32
    Hopefully they will finish the weapons. As a close-to-object defense will not be superfluous.
    1. Gust
      Gust 5 October 2020 09: 44
      What about close-range air defense? Work on attack aircraft / helicopters / UAVs? Add the necessary modes to the IR GOS;)))
      1. Azimuth
        Azimuth 1 November 2020 13: 00
        How can you protect yourself from Hermes? Dynamic protection will not work, the weight of the warhead is 18 kg, active protection of the Arena type may be, jamming is possible, guns like Tunguska, Pantsir are unlikely. Is it left to scrape and havay?