Military Review

ATGM FGM-148 Javelin: what is it good for and what is bad

94

In 1996, the newest anti-tank missile system FGM-148 Javelin entered service with the US Army. It was the first serial ATGM of the new third generation; due to a number of new functions, it compares favorably with existing systems. Subsequently, these complexes were actively used in various conflicts and demonstrated their potential. Javlyn has been found to have both strengths and weaknesses.


Technical features


The FGM-148 complex includes two main elements - a command-launch unit and a transport-launch container with a guided missile. Before use, the block and the container are connected, after which preparation for launch and firing is carried out. The empty disposable container is then discarded and replaced with a new one.

The command-launch unit is a device with optics (day and night) and electronics for firing control. The main target search tool is a limited-resolution thermal imaging camera. A telescopic sight was originally used as an additional channel. During the next modernization at the beginning of the tenth years, it was replaced by a video camera.

The FGM-148 rocket has a normal aerodynamic design. The folding wings and stabilizers are placed on the cylindrical body. The missile is equipped with a cooled infrared homing head, which provides fire-and-forget operation. A tandem cumulative warhead with penetration of at least 600-800 mm behind ERA was used.


The rocket on the trajectory accelerates to 190 m / s. With the use of the command unit of the first version, the firing range is limited to 2,5 km; the modernized version made it possible to bring it up to 4 km. After the start, the rocket rises to a certain height corresponding to the firing range, and then dives towards the target. For the most effective defeat, the product hits the upper hemisphere - the least protected part of a modern armored vehicle.

"Javlin" in combat position has a length of approx. 1,2 m and diameter no more than 450-500 mm. Weight - 22,3 kg. The calculation of the complex includes two people. At the same time, the characteristic ergonomics allows one soldier to use such an ATGM. If necessary, the complex can be used with a tripod machine or with a carrier machine.

Main advantages


ATGM FGM-148 has a number of obvious advantages that distinguish it from other systems of its class. First of all, these are small dimensions and weight, which make it easy to carry and use. The crew can quickly and easily take a firing position, find and attack the target. Then you can change the TPK and make a new shot or leave the position.

The command and launch unit uses optical means, incl. thermal imager. This allows you to search for and attack targets at any time of the day, and also provides resistance to the effects of electronic warfare and some types of smoke screens. Until the recent modernization, the ATGM did not have a laser rangefinder and did not unmask itself with radiation.

A characteristic feature of the third generation ATGM, to which the Javelin belongs, is an autonomous missile seeker, which implements the “fire and forget” principle. After launch, the rocket independently tracks the target and aims at it. Thanks to this, the calculation gets the opportunity to quickly start preparing for the second shot or leave the position before the retaliatory strike.


The missile carries a tandem warhead with high armor penetration rates. According to the declared characteristics, the rocket is capable of striking head-on most of modern tanks, as well as any outdated armored vehicles, incl. equipped with dynamic protection. At the same time, a special flight trajectory is used, which allows you to get into the least protected target projection and most fully realize the potential of the warhead.

Due to the combination of characteristics and capabilities, "Javlin" can fight a wide range of targets. First of all, these are medium and main enemy tanks. It is also possible to destroy armored vehicles of any other classes. If necessary, firing at low-altitude low-speed targets such as helicopters is allowed. The main requirement for the target is contrast in the infrared range and being within the fire zone.

Significant flaws


For all its advantages, the FGM-148 ATGM is not without its drawbacks. The main one is the highest cost of all its elements, incl. consumable. From this point of view, Javelin "surpasses" any other modern anti-tank systems. FY2021 U.S. military budget provides for the purchase of missiles in TPK at the rate of $ 175 thousand per unit. The price of the command and launch unit has long exceeded 200 thousand.

The high cost of consumable ammunition affects both combat use and the training of personnel. Even the Pentagon, with its record budgets, is forced to limit the number of practical launches during training and maneuvers, as well as to expand the use of training complexes.


The missile of the complex does not differ in high flight performance. First of all, this limits the firing range. Even the modernized ATGM can only hit 4 km, which is significantly less than the range of competing foreign developments. However, even this range allows the crew not to be afraid of return fire from small arms weapons and reduces the risks associated with enemy artillery.

The relatively low speed makes the missile more vulnerable to the active protection of the target tank. A flight to a distance of 2,5 km takes more than 13 seconds, and the automatics of the armored vehicle gets a significant margin of time for reaction.

The seeker of a missile with a fire-and-forget function is not without its drawbacks. So, there are known examples of the combat use of ATGMs, in which the missile could not hold the target and missed. According to known data, the reason for this was the lack of contrast between targets and the surrounding area. In this case, the operator does not have the opportunity to correct the trajectory or re-aim the missile at another object.

The command-launch unit uses only optical devices, which limits its observation capabilities. Modern smoke screens easily disrupt optics and hide potential targets. The upgraded version of the unit has a laser rangefinder to increase the accuracy of calculations, but its beam is unmasked by an ATGM. Having detected radiation, the target tank can turn on means of suppression or respond with a shot.

Overall potential


ATGM FGM-148 Javelin entered service with the developing country almost a quarter of a century ago. Subsequently, this product entered mass production and was actively used by the troops in exercises and in real operations. There have been many export contracts. For all customers, approx. 10-12 thousand command blocks and more than 45 thousand missiles.


During the operation "Javlin" showed its capabilities. Its positive qualities were confirmed - but the personnel constantly had to face serious restrictions of various kinds. Because of this, the operation of anti-tank systems turns out to be quite expensive, and the defeat of a training or real target is not guaranteed.

In general, the FGM-148 can be considered a fairly successful - and advanced for its time - development in the field of infantry anti-tank weapons. The widespread use of advanced technologies made it possible to obtain a high combat potential. However, its implementation requires a full and effective training of personnel, as well as the competent use of weapons on the battlefield.

Several years ago, the basic ATGM was modernized, which made it possible to increase some of the characteristics - first of all, the launch range and the reliability of optoelectronic systems. By now, according to the experience of operating weapons, there is a need for a new update. According to the results of such events, Javelin will be able to get rid of all the main shortcomings and again become one of the most effective anti-tank systems in the world.

However, in its current form, the FGM-148 has long and firmly taken its place in the armies and on the international arms market. Political factors were important, but technical and operational characteristics also contributed. Further improvements in design, as well as maintaining support from the army and military diplomats, will allow the Javelin product to maintain or even improve its position in the world.
Author:
Photos used:
US Army, Lockheed Martin
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  1. Pessimist22
    Pessimist22 5 September 2020 04: 53 New
    +7
    Magic Javelin, the non-brothers dreamed of how they would receive it from the owners, they will go to Moscow.
    1. Sergey_G_M
      Sergey_G_M 5 September 2020 04: 56 New
      41
      Yes, but so far only sisters have reached Moscow, no javelins and no panties)))
      1. Pessimist22
        Pessimist22 5 September 2020 05: 01 New
        +7
        Well, probably they are still planning an operation.
      2. Simargl
        Simargl 5 September 2020 19: 53 New
        +4
        Quote: Sergey_G_M
        while only sisters reached Moscow, no javelins and no panties)))
        If without them - why did they require lace?
        1. venik
          venik 5 September 2020 20: 44 New
          +1
          Quote: Simargl
          If without them - why did they require lace?

          =======
          As for the "lace" - I will not vouch .... But Europe is not allowed yet !!! lol
    2. psiho117
      psiho117 7 September 2020 20: 47 New
      +1
      Quote: Pessimist22
      everyone dreamed of how they would receive it from the owners, they would go to Moscow.

      What nafig Moscow ... You can sell it! Maybe 250 thousand dolyar stuff, they were waiting for him there, so they galloped ...
    3. kutuz
      kutuz 8 September 2020 19: 41 New
      -2
      "they will go to Moscow" - is this an offensive weapon?
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 5 September 2020 06: 09 New
    40
    The main disadvantage of the "Javelin" is that it ALREADY exists in the enemy's troops, but we do not.
    And the rest of the shortcomings are standard:
    Expensive? War is always expensive.
    Doesn't always hit the target? Alabino proved that the human factor is sometimes even stronger than the failure of automation.
    1. Sam-07
      Sam-07 5 September 2020 18: 04 New
      -3
      Shaking of the barrel of a tank gun - is there a human factor? hand tremors after yesterday? ))))))
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 5 September 2020 21: 28 New
        10
        Excuse me, what did you write this for? A tremor or an unsettled LMS, or an expired rocket - this is all a human factor. In a war, who and how will justify himself that he did not hit the enemy, but he ended up "without tremor"?
        1. Cherry Nine
          Cherry Nine 5 September 2020 22: 48 New
          +3
          Quote: Leader of the Redskins
          In the war, who and how will justify himself that he did not hit the enemy, but he turned out to be "without tremor"?

          In such a situation, you no longer need to make excuses.
    2. smart ass
      smart ass 6 September 2020 07: 11 New
      +2
      Does Russia have something similar? Shot and forget?
      1. Blackgrifon
        Blackgrifon 6 September 2020 23: 07 New
        +2
        Russia had its own project - Autonomy. Closed at the end of the XNUMXs.
        In parallel, they made Hermes (homing was promised at the last stage of the flight) and Chrysanthemums (this is generally purple on KOEP, KAZ, etc. delights). But there is no infantry equivalent of Spike or Javelin.
    3. psiho117
      psiho117 7 September 2020 20: 49 New
      +3
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      The main disadvantage of the "Javelin" is that it ALREADY exists in the enemy's troops, but we do not.

      They already removed from service... The Chinese and even the Turks already have their own analogue of Dzhevelin.
    4. EvilLion
      EvilLion 10 September 2020 08: 29 New
      +1
      Is this product somehow better than the "Cornet"?
  3. riwas
    riwas 5 September 2020 06: 28 New
    +7
    Significant flaws

    During the war in Iraq, there is a case of FGM-148 Javelin ATGM firing at the infantry warming themselves by the fire.
    How will Javelin behave in the face of massive fires?
    1. Avior
      Avior 5 September 2020 09: 24 New
      24
      Fine. They did not write in the article, but it has a matrix IR GOS. That is, aiming at the target's picture, and not at a point with a high temperature.
      1. avdkrd
        avdkrd 5 September 2020 11: 11 New
        +4
        Quote: Avior
        Fine. They did not write in the article, but it has a matrix IR GOS. That is, aiming at the target's picture, and not at a point with a high temperature.

        This is both its advantage and disadvantage. To memorize the purpose of the gsn, the operator must spend about 30 seconds. There are a lot of factors that interfere with this process, especially if the application does not occur in polygon conditions. In general, the wiki provides more comprehensive information about Javelins, both about the advantages and disadvantages, of which there are more. Even NI says TOW is more efficient in most cases.
        1. Avior
          Avior 5 September 2020 11: 18 New
          17
          ... Even NI says

          Smiled :) since they even say ..... :)))
          But seriously, aiming takes place without unmasking. Therefore, those 10_20 seconds that are needed to prepare the launch are much more comfortable than in the case of laser guidance after launch, the same time.
          And the missile can hit the target, even if the target is hidden from the operator's field of view.
          Which doesn't happen with laser guidance.
          1. Lopatov
            Lopatov 5 September 2020 16: 08 New
            +7
            Quote: Avior
            But seriously, aiming takes place without unmasking.

            Tou has too.
            Moreover, "Tou" unambiguously unmasks itself less - to hit a target from above, its rocket does not need to make a "slide"

            Quote: Avior

            Smiled :) since they even say ..... :)))

            They not only speak, they do.
            The fact remains that the Tou is still used on the BMP and in the SPTRK.
            Attempts to promote Javelin and Helfair to this place have so far been unsuccessful.

            "Tou" is cheaper, it is more control, it is possible to retarget

            Quote: Avior
            And the missile can hit the target, even if the target is hidden from the operator's field of view.

            Or it may not hit, even if the operator sees the target. And retargeting, like the same "Tou", is also impossible
            In this they are far behind the Israeli and French third-generation ATGM systems.
            1. Avior
              Avior 5 September 2020 20: 58 New
              10
              TOU is a heavy ATGM, and with a portable Javelit, different categories of weapons.
              the operator of the TOU unmasks himself as much as possible at the moment when he is most needed - at the moment of launch. and then he should be in sight and without stopping to look into the optics - at this moment it is easiest to light it up, or to shoot with something exploding loudly. Even if not hit, the dust raised will be enough to disrupt aiming.
              The Javelin operator is detected at the moment of launch, but immediately after launch, he can safely descend into the shelter.
              The operator of the TOU actually unmasks himself much earlier, at the moment when the launcher is installed.
              the Javelin operator needs to be in sight of the Javelin for just a few seconds before launching until the head engages the target.
              It is unrealistic to retarget the TOU because of the narrow field of view, and the head must capture the target mark again - can it, by the way, after launch?
              The javelin may not hit.
              The operator will try again, from a different point.
              The TOU also may not hit - the operator's hand trembled, communication problems or a cloud of smoke temporarily closed the target or something else. The probability that the operator will not receive a reply until the second attempt is very low.
              And maybe even earlier - even before the launch, the launcher TOU is much easier to identify in a long time than the Javelin operator in a few seconds with a pipe on his shoulder. And if the launcher TOW starts to be placed when a target appears, then the chances of making a shot are even less.
              Obviously, these are different systems for different applications and the presence of TOC in no way cancels the presence of Javelin.
              1. Cherry Nine
                Cherry Nine 5 September 2020 22: 50 New
                +4
                Quote: Avior
                the presence of TOU in no way cancels the presence of Javelin.

                And what is important - they also have TOU.
              2. Serg4545
                Serg4545 6 September 2020 08: 38 New
                -2
                Quote: Avior
                when you need it most, at the time of launch. and then he should be in plain sight and without stopping to look into the optics - at this moment it is easiest to light it up, or to shoot with something exploding loudly


                The only supposed plus of Javelin.
                But what is it really?
                During the beginning of the use of the Ptrk, several hundred thousand of them were launched in real battles. There are tens of thousands in Arab-Israeli squabbles alone.
                Can you cite at least ONE confirmed case when, after the launch of the ATGM, the guidance was disrupted by the fire on the installation?
                And if there are no such cases or this number is vanishingly small, then it turns out that the only advantage of Javelin is a myth.
                1. Avior
                  Avior 6 September 2020 09: 13 New
                  +1
                  in real battles, several hundred thousand of them were launched

                  all hit?
                  Disrupting an attack is a complex process.
                  including the psychological state of the operator who does not want to expose himself unnecessarily.
                  1. Serg4545
                    Serg4545 6 September 2020 10: 15 New
                    -2
                    Quote: Avior
                    Disrupting an attack is a complex process.
                    including the psychological state of the operator who does not want to expose himself unnecessarily.


                    About how!
                    Do you take into account the psychological state of the Javelin operator?
                    After all, most of these complexes have a range of only up to 2 km. And the operator often has a choice:
                    1) Under fire (riflemen, artillery, through minefields), approach the target, at a launch distance.
                    2) To score on the target, since he was not given a normal long-range weapon.

                    I also want to note that many do not underestimate the negative impact of the cost of Javelin.
                    If the installation and ammunition of the Javelin is 3-4 times more expensive than conventional ATGMs, and the budget is limited (and therefore the number of weapons is limited by this), then:
                    The side, armed with conventional ATGMs, saturates its troops with these weapons 3-4 times more. This means that it 3-4 times increases the chances that in the right place at the right time there will be a setup ready for battle and it will be able to hit the target.
                    If cheap ammunition for conventional ATGMs is used, then it is possible to release them 3-4 times more. Including, you can ptur even individual enemy soldiers!

                    That is, with the same budget, conventional ATGMs will be able to inflict literally an order of magnitude more damage on the enemy than Javelins.
                    1. Avior
                      Avior 6 September 2020 11: 45 New
                      +2
                      After all, most of these complexes have a range of only up to 2 km.

                      that was 30 years ago.
                      Modern versions have more than 4 km, which is quite consistent with other ATGMs in terms of range.
                      and unlike other complexes, after unmasking by launch, the Javelin operator will not sit under fire. And before that - a few seconds. there is not even enough time to scan the optics.
                      many do not underestimate the negative impact of Javelin cost.

                      they don't sit on the battlefield with a calculator. the difference in the price of Javelinav is 2 times, if the probability of defeat is 2 times higher, it was not in vain that they were adopted.
                      Lockheed Martin and Raytheon's Javelin missile scored 100 percent in five test firings from a UK-owned ground vehicle ... Each Javelin flew distances between 1.2 and 4.3 kilometers and hit the ground target each time

                      https://www.defensenews.com/digital-show-dailies/eurosatory/2016/06/15/javelin-missile-scores-100-percent-in-uk-vehicle-tests/
                      1. Serg4545
                        Serg4545 6 September 2020 12: 48 New
                        -4
                        Quote: Avior
                        that was 30 years ago.

                        Well, that's what I'm talking about.
                        For 30 years they have been producing Javelins with a range of 2 km. And that's why Javelins with this range are now in the majority.

                        Quote: Avior
                        the difference in the price of Javelinav is 2 times, if the probability of defeat is 2 times higher, it was not in vain that they were adopted.

                        When the Javelins entered service, the probability of hitting second-generation ATGMs was already 80-90%. So it is physically impossible to double the probability of defeat.
                        Quote: Avior
                        they don't sit on the battlefield with a calculator.

                        Yes, that's right. They don't sit on the field.
                        But those who plan battles are still sitting.
                        After all, no one can have an infinite amount of weapons or ammunition. These numbers are always finite.
                        Therefore, if the belligerents have an equal budget allocated for the ATGM. The side that relies on the modern second generation will have a colossal advantage over the side with the Javelins.
                        These benefits:
                        3-4 times more installations. A corresponding increase in the density of fire.
                        3-4 times more ammunition released.
                        With approximately equal combat effectiveness, per unit.
                      2. Avior
                        Avior 6 September 2020 14: 20 New
                        +3
                        For 30 years they have been producing Javelins with a range of 2 km.

                        Why do you think so?
                        With approximately equal combat effectiveness, per unit.

                        and where did they get this from?
                        the likelihood of hitting second-generation anti-tank systems was already 80-90%

                        didn't you write above
                        During the beginning of the use of the Ptrk, several hundred thousand of them were launched in real battles.

                        and that hundreds of thousands of ATGM tanks were destroyed?
                        You will decide what you are writing about, please.
                        If about the range, then 2,5 km range of the Javelin of thirty years ago is the usual range for this type of ATGM, and for modern ones.
                        French, Japanese, Israeli - similar ranges, sometimes even less, even for modern ones.
                        hi
                      3. Serg4545
                        Serg4545 8 September 2020 09: 07 New
                        0
                        Quote: Avior
                        and where did they get this from?


                        Do you think that Javelin is better than more or less modern second-generation complexes?
                        If so, then taking into account the fact that Javelin was used in battles. And modern complexes of the second generation were very actively used in battles, will it not bother you to provide a factual basis for your opinion?
                        Quote: Avior
                        and that hundreds of thousands of ATGM tanks were destroyed?

                        As if the number of Javelin launches also does not coincide with the number of destroyed armored vehicles. Put it mildly. Javelin was used in Afghanistan, where the enemy does not have any armored vehicles at all now (and for many years). So what?
                        In fact, the ATGM is an effective means of engaging almost any ground target on the battlefield. And its use for any purpose is almost always justified.
                        But as I wrote above, with an equal budget of the belligerents, the side that chooses modern second-generation complexes will have a huge advantage over the side with Javelin.
                        This is 3-4 times the density of fire.
                        And plus the ability to hit 3-4 times more targets.
                        How can Javelin counter this?
          2. Lopatov
            Lopatov 6 September 2020 16: 50 New
            +1
            Quote: Avior
            TOU is a heavy ATGM, and with a portable Javelit, different categories of weapons.

            Not a fact.
            On BMP "Bradley" there are TOU, on the part of "Strikers" in Europe began to put "Javelins"
            Same category.

            Quote: Avior
            Retargeting TOU is unrealistic

            ??
            There is even such an exercise.
            1. Avior
              Avior 6 September 2020 21: 55 New
              +2
              TOU is not carried in the hands.
              And he doesn’t let go.
              Different categories.
              And you really can't retarget it, except that under a random coincidence - the field of view of the sight is narrow due to the magnification
              1. Lopatov
                Lopatov 7 September 2020 15: 47 New
                +1
                Quote: Avior
                TOU is not carried in the hands.
                And he doesn’t let go.
                Different categories.



                Quote: Avior
                And you really can't retarget it, except that under a random coincidence - the field of view of the sight is narrow due to the magnification

                laughing
                Blow a thousand.
                Two tanks, the distance between them along the front is 100 meters, the distance to them is 1 km, the angle is 6 degrees.
                PMC.
                1. Avior
                  Avior 7 September 2020 16: 07 New
                  +1
                  So what? And if not a hundred meters? A decent increase is needed to keep the target brand normally.
                  Again, it takes time to brand a target to impose and hold, especially on moving targets. And there the count goes for seconds. You need to choose a goal during this time, put a mark and the rocket should have time to work out.
                  And the NSC is not there.
                  1. Lopatov
                    Lopatov 7 September 2020 16: 14 New
                    +3
                    Quote: Avior
                    So what? And if not a hundred meters?

                    Usually targets are closer and range is greater. That is, the angular is even less
                    In addition, retargeting is usually carried out to a more distant target, which is often even closer in angular values.

                    Quote: Avior
                    You need to choose a goal during this time

                    The second target is selected BEFORE launch.
                    And the flight time for the maximum third of a minute

                    Quote: Avior
                    And the NSC is not there.

                    There is. At least SPTRK
                  2. Avior
                    Avior 7 September 2020 16: 28 New
                    0
                    Then it's a completely different system.
                    Again, the second target can hide, especially if they are approximately on the same line. You need to shoot at the most threatening target, and not at the one that is more advantageously located. Nobody gives guarantees.
                    I don't understand what the dispute is about.
                    Thaw and javelin are completely different systems, what are we comparing and for what purpose?
                  3. Lopatov
                    Lopatov 7 September 2020 16: 34 New
                    +1
                    Quote: Avior
                    You need to shoot at the most threatening target, and not at the one that is more advantageously located.

                    laughing laughing laughing
                    That is, instead of hitting another target, you need to stop aiming?
                  4. Avior
                    Avior 7 September 2020 16: 37 New
                    +1
                    That is, you shoot at the most important target, and not at the one next to which another is.
                  5. Lopatov
                    Lopatov 7 September 2020 16: 38 New
                    +1
                    Quote: Avior
                    That is, you shoot at the most important target

                    ... and she, for example, disappeared behind the folds of the terrain, then you should have another target ready to which you will redirect the missile.

                    Quote: Avior
                    I don't understand what the dispute is about.

                    The dispute about why the second-generation anti-tank systems are still actively used in the United States. Moreover, the high efficiency of the TOU is confirmed by practice. Not just articles in NI
                  6. Avior
                    Avior 7 September 2020 17: 45 New
                    +1
                    Tou is a specific ATGM.
                    In general, there are not very many of them - with radio command guidance with feedback.
  • Narak-zempo
    Narak-zempo 6 September 2020 08: 44 New
    -2
    Quote: Spade
    In this they are far behind the Israeli and French third-generation ATGM systems.

    What about Russian ones?
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 6 September 2020 16: 46 New
      +6
      Quote: Narak-zempo
      What about Russian ones?

      And we do not have third-generation ATGM systems. Basically no.
  • Lopatov
    Lopatov 5 September 2020 16: 24 New
    +5
    Quote: avdkrd
    To memorize the purpose of the gsn, the operator must spend about 30 seconds.

    No.
    This is generally some kind of left figure at the moment.

    The cooling time of the seeker is currently less than 10 seconds.
    And the time of "acceleration" of the launcher, on the contrary, is longer, under three minutes. However, there you can use the GOS instead of a night light
  • Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 5 September 2020 20: 39 New
    +5
    Quote: riwas
    How will Javelin behave in the face of massive fires?

    Quote: Avior
    Fine. They did not write in the article, but it has a matrix IR GOS. That is, aiming at the target's picture, and not at a point with a high temperature.

    The matrix seeker was given to you! Sometimes it’s necessary to turn on the "sober" ... And then they made "weathercocks" out of some expressions in the internet and blindly follow them! Rivas rightly noted that in the conditions of "mass fires" it is very likely that blinding (full or partial ...) of the Javelin seeker is likely to be considered. Considering the matrix seeker as an absolute solution, it is like believing in a panacea medicine! There is also an intermediate solution! Moreover, cheaper! This is, for example, a seeker, similar to the 2-band seeker "Igla S" and the 3-band seeker "Verba"! Such a seeker will direct the missile not just at the target, but at a certain part of the target's "thermal circuit"! But this is not always necessary! You can look at an object (object) "through the sun ... what will you see then? I think nothing! And if the light is replaced by infrared radiation? I also" like "the Chinese laser countermeasures on tanks ... You can" imagine "such a complex of counteraction: 1. the laser scanner, while scanning the terrain, detects the" javelin "optics ... respectively, and its coordinates! The complex switches to the optics blinding mode ... there may be" nuances "here: 1. blinding of the CPB sighting device; 2. blinding of the seeker ... It is possible to blind the optics with the help of a smoke screen ... both "artificial" and "under conditions of mass fires"! With "Javelin" you can successfully fight if you seriously solve this problem!
    1. Gato
      Gato 6 September 2020 18: 52 New
      +2
      The matrix seeker was given to you!

      This is yes. But at the time of development, it was strong. Today it already sucks: the CCD-matrix of the GOS PI has only 64x64 elements, and a weak processor with a frequency of 3 MHz is used for correlation analysis (mega, not giga!).
      You can "imagine" such a complex of counteraction

      Disruption of homing is quite simply achieved by using IR traps, simulators or aluminosilicate curtains at a ridiculous price of 20-30 rubles / kg. With such a curtain, you can close the attacking order, or you can stupidly throw possible ATGM positions (they cannot shoot from closed positions).
      And the cost of the rocket is $ 120 thousand, which is not much less than the cost of some types of armored vehicles.
      Well, and like a cherry: it is difficult for me to imagine the mental anguish of an ukrovoy who shoots 2-3 apartments in Kiev at the separatists. crying Apparently, that's why they are kept away from, so to speak, sales markets.
  • Alien ...
    Alien ... 5 September 2020 22: 22 New
    -1
    Imagined: an attack, next to each unit of armored vehicles - a Tajik with a wheelbarrow in which a fire is burning ... Burn ...
    1. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 6 September 2020 12: 33 New
      +4
      Quote: Alien ...
      adjik with a wheelbarrow in which a fire is burning ... Burn ...

      I understand you ! And it happens to me that I write nonsense in the comments without getting drunk!
  • Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 5 September 2020 06: 29 New
    +9
    It should be noted that Javelin is a very successful COMMERCIAL project. It was not used against the technologically advanced enemy. Against the Papuans - insanely expensive ... Israeli loitering ammunition of the "Spike" type seems to me much more promising and dangerous.
    1. Thomas N.
      Thomas N. 6 September 2020 08: 46 New
      +5
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      Israeli loitering ammunition of the "Spike" type seems to me much more promising and dangerous.

      Spike is not loitering. Loitering is the Hero series from UVision (https://uvisionuav.com/en/all-products/#category_id_55)
      1. Mountain shooter
        Mountain shooter 6 September 2020 08: 55 New
        +2
        Quote: Thomas N.
        Spike is not loitering.

        Right! I apologize. Didn't check. This one is more advanced than the American, but not loitering. He has tele-guidance (as an option), therefore it is longer-range, and much more promising, albeit cheaper ...
    2. Gato
      Gato 6 September 2020 19: 05 New
      +1
      this is a very successful COMMERCIAL project.

      For the manufacturer - of course, how else?
      The military at that time wanted to solve the problem with a relatively easy and most effective anti-tank defense system. Therefore, the Javelins were primarily intended for the ILC and all kinds of paratroopers, while the army preferred the cheaper, but heavy Tou.
  • Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 5 September 2020 06: 51 New
    +8
    We can say that "give" our "Kornet-D" a homing head and it will be the best ATGM in the world, but the price will surpass "Javelig". And so, with its firing capabilities up to 10 m, penetration of up to 000 millimeters of homogeneous armor behind ERA and the ability to hit air targets at speeds up to 1300 kilometers per hour and heights up to nine kilometers, it has no equal!
    1. Jack O'Neill
      Jack O'Neill 5 September 2020 07: 46 New
      +6
      "give" our "Kornet-D" a seeker and it will be the best ATGM in the world

      If grandmother had ... laughing Best ATGM - Spike.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 5 September 2020 15: 56 New
        +4
        Quote: Jack O'Neill
        Best ATGM - Spike.

        Ola !!!!
        But no. He's not the best.
    2. Avior
      Avior 5 September 2020 09: 25 New
      +8
      Javelin's trick is in the GOS.
    3. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 5 September 2020 18: 51 New
      +4
      Quote: Vladimir61
      We can say that "give" our "Cornet-D" a seeker and it will be the best ATGM in the world,

      The fact is that, for experimental purposes, they have already tried to install a thermal imaging seeker in the design bureau on the Kornet ... however, on the one that is up to 5,5 km ... The results in the design bureau did not spread ... they just stated , what will be the order, we will make the "Cornet" of the 3rd generation ... but now, there is no order and is not expected yet! Too expensive ... and target selectivity is lame!
    4. Alien ...
      Alien ... 5 September 2020 22: 20 New
      11
      What target will you fire at a distance of 5-10 km? Hello, people, when you write something, at least look out the window. From the 1st floor. How far can you see?
      1. Thomas N.
        Thomas N. 6 September 2020 08: 32 New
        +1
        Quote: Alien ...
        What target will you fire at a distance of 5-10 km? Hello, people, when you write something, at least look out the window. From the 1st floor. How far can you see?

        No need from the 1st floor! It is necessary to climb higher, i.e. take the correct firing position on a hill. And take the binoculars! laughing Or at least use the standard telescopic sight on the PU.
      2. Gato
        Gato 6 September 2020 19: 11 New
        +3
        Your truth. The academy professors claimed that the average line-of-sight range in the European theater of operations was 2,5 km. Apparently they didn't know something lol
        1. Thomas N.
          Thomas N. 7 September 2020 03: 37 New
          0
          Quote: Gato
          Your truth. The academy professors claimed that the average line-of-sight range in the European theater of operations was 2,5 km. Apparently they didn't know something lol

          2,5 km in the European theater of operations is the range of topographic visibility when firing from random positions i.e. on the offensive. In defense, they usually occupy firing positions at dominant heights and receive a line-of-sight (and ATGM firing) range much greater than that indicated.
          1. EvilLion
            EvilLion 10 September 2020 08: 37 New
            +1
            The howitzer laughs at such positions. In a real offensive, the valiant Jeweliner, most likely, will not sit on a hillock, but in a trench with wet pants, covering his ears from the roar of 152 mm shells exploding, or even aerial bombs around.
            1. Thomas N.
              Thomas N. 12 September 2020 19: 24 New
              +1
              Quote: EvilLion
              The howitzer laughs at such positions. In a real offensive, the valiant Jeweliner, most likely, will not sit on a hillock, but in a trench with wet pants, covering his ears from the roar of 152 mm shells exploding, or even aerial bombs around.

              What does "javeliner" and art have to do with it. training? Look at the sequence of comments, it starts with:
              Quote: Alien ...
              What target will you fire at a distance of 5-10 km? Hello, people, when you write something, at least look out the window. From the 1st floor. How far can you see?

              So, the conversation in this place was about whether an ATGM firing range of 5-10 km is needed at all, if in a theater of operations the topographic visibility range is supposedly only 2,5 km.

              Now I am answering your comment about the positions of the ATGM and art. preparation.
              Javelin, like other PU ATGMs, sits not in a common trench, but in a separate twin trench, located behind or in the side of the infantry positions. If you are interested, you can look at the fortification equipment of the Javelin firing position in FM 3-22.37 (https://fas.org/irp/doddir/army/fm3-22-37.pdf) p.101 ff. And this position is located in defense, most likely, it will be on the "knoll", because of the very topographic visibility.
              Hopes for an artillery barrage in front of the attackers and the results of bomb-assault strikes will come true if the scale of the operation is comparable to the Bagration of 1944 or the battle for the Seelow Heights in 1945. And in this case, after breaking through the first line of defense during operations in the depth of defense and development offensive art. there will be no preparation. And anti-tank ambushes and fire bags with ATGMs will just be. In addition, in modern local wars, hostilities are conducted mainly around and within cities and towns. Art. training in residential areas is used only if the fate of the civilian population is of little interest (Mosul, Raqqa, etc.).
  • Professor
    Professor 5 September 2020 08: 08 New
    22
    It was the first serial ATGM of the new third generation; due to a number of new functions, it compares favorably with existing systems. Subsequently, these complexes were actively used in various conflicts and demonstrated their potential.

    The first was the Spike, which entered service in the 1980s.

    Poorly the author rewrote "Advantages and Limitations". Here is from my article from 2013
    https://topwar.ru/35953-srednyaya-broneboynaya-oruzheynaya-sistema-javelin.html

    Advantages:
    —The Javelin's greatest firing range is 2000 meters.
    —Javelin has a fire-and-forget system. The missile's infrared guidance system (I²R) allows it to self-aim after launch.
    —Javelin has two attack modes:
    —The top-down attack mode allows you to affect the least protected upper part of the target.
    —The direct attack mode is designed to affect a side projection (front, rear, side) of the target.
    “Operator Javelina is capable of launching up to three missiles within 2 minutes.
    —The tandem cumulative warhead is capable of hitting any armored vehicles known to date.
    —The night-vision glimpse (NVD) does not degrade the image of the target much.
    - Countermeasures used by the enemy are compensated by the NVD filter.
    —Javalin is a portable complex.
    —Javel maneuverable at short distances.
    —Fire-forget system allows the operator to fire and take cover before the missile reaches the target.
    —Javelina’s soft start allows its use from inside buildings and bunkers.
    —The passive infrared guidance system used to capture a target cannot be detected by the enemy.
    —The starting engine has low visibility. Blessed with Javelin’s relatively weak behind-the-scenes flame, it can be applied with a smaller, more difficult to detect, better protected position that gives the operator more chance to go unnoticed or, if found, to survive any return fire.
    —Fire-forget system allows the operator to take cover immediately after the missile is launched.

    Restrictions:
    —CBP does not allow target identification at distances over 2000 meters.
    —The time of cooling the NVD is from 2.5 to 3.5 minutes.
    - The cooling time of the GOS is about 10 seconds.
    —The duration of operation of the power supply and cooling unit after activation is about 4-s minutes.
    —In a time of limited visibility (natural or artificial), rain, snow, sleet, fog, smoke, smoke, dust, and night together are referred to as the conditions of limited visibility. The day sight may be useless under these conditions.
    -Night:
    —The day sight uses daylight to provide an operator with a target image.
    —The PNV uses the natural infrared radiation of objects. The infrared crossover at dawn and dusk is very close to the temperature allowing the target to merge with the terrain. In the case when the difference in the amount of infrared energy of the target and the background is low enough, neither Javelina’s PBC, nor its GOS are able to distinguish the target. This greatly reduces the performance of Javelina. This situation can last up to an hour, until either the background temperature or the temperature of the target changes so much that it is possible to detect the target.
    —Natural interference, for example, the sun can heat objects to a target that is close enough to the temperature that merges with the terrain.
    —An artificial noise appears in the presence of artificial objects emitting a large amount of infrared energy (for example, burning vehicles).
    - Heavy fog reduces the ability of the operator to detect targets and fire.
    —The rocket’s flight trajectory limits its use in wooded, mountainous and urban areas.
    —The operator must have a direct visibility of the target by the homing head to capture the target.
    —Weather Javelina slows down marches with him over long distances. When using Javelina in foot orders, the load on the soldier greatly increases. With a total system weight slightly less than 22-kg, Javelin is quite heavy. Despite the fact that Javelin is a portable complex, one soldier is not able to carry it easily on rough terrain for a long period.
    The transport-launch container Javelina is bulky and restricts its movement with it in densely overgrown thickets.
    “The operator must remain partially open by exposing himself to enemy fire.”
    —The CFP requires direct visibility to capture targets.
    1. Bongo
      Bongo 5 September 2020 08: 47 New
      20
      Hi!
      Quote: Professor
      Poorly the author rewrote "Advantages and Limitations". Here is from my article from 2013
      I agree very weakly! yes But what did you want? request You yourself gave up "writing". Everything that got into the Internet does not belong to you. I am also regularly plagiarized, take it for granted.
      1. Professor
        Professor 5 September 2020 08: 53 New
        11
        Quote: Bongo
        Hi!
        Quote: Professor
        Poorly the author rewrote "Advantages and Limitations". Here is from my article from 2013
        I agree very weakly! yes But what did you want? request You yourself gave up "writing". Everything that got into the Internet does not belong to you. I am also regularly plagiarized, take it for granted.

        Should we complain? wink We got paid for each letter and now I live in a villa overlooking the Mediterranean Sea (though today the haze and the sea are not visible), and you are overlooking ... the Pacific Ocean, I guess. So it remains to argue with amateurs in their free time. Some kind of entertainment.

        Hello Olga. love
        1. Bongo
          Bongo 5 September 2020 09: 01 New
          +8
          Quote: Professor
          and you are overlooking ... the Pacific Ocean, I guess.

          No, today is the last time I admire the Kara-Dag from the Koktebel embankment. Friends write that a very powerful typhoon passed through Primorye, it threw scallop mountains onto the shore.
          Quote: Professor
          So it remains to argue with amateurs in their free time. Some kind of entertainment.
          Doubtful entertainment - arguing with stupid people. request
          Quote: Professor
          Hello Olga.

          Thank you, passed! She bows to you too! hi
          1. Professor
            Professor 5 September 2020 09: 20 New
            +9
            Quote: Bongo
            No, today is the last time I admire the Kara-Dag from the Koktebel embankment. Friends write that a very powerful typhoon passed through Primorye, it threw scallop mountains onto the shore.

            Turkish names evoke negative emotions in me. wassat

            Quote: Bongo
            Doubtful entertainment - arguing with stupid people.

            This is the only way to truly appreciate smart people. Here you read Domantsev (Potentially. I already recognize and go around his articles by title) and get double pleasure from your articles.

            And you rest, and not hang out on the VO. Enjoy the weather, otherwise it breaks the records of the 19th century. It is now 9:20, and my weather station is already +32. The day before yesterday it was 38 in the afternoon. Official record. hi
            1. Andrey VOV
              Andrey VOV 5 September 2020 10: 18 New
              +9
              "The cuckoo praises the rooster, because he praises the cuckoo" ... for some reason these lines suddenly came to mind ... I do not argue, the quality of articles has dropped recently, but guys, well, then sing praises to each other .. well, somehow not modest or something))))) good rest to you)))))
              1. Professor
                Professor 5 September 2020 11: 41 New
                10
                Quote: Andrey VOV
                "The cuckoo praises the rooster, because he praises the cuckoo" ... for some reason these lines suddenly came to mind ... I do not argue, the quality of articles has dropped recently, but guys, well, then sing praises to each other .. well, somehow not modest or something))))) good rest to you)))))

                Do you know many who would write such high-quality articles as Sergey? Now either copy-paste, or "it was noticed on the net", or National Interest. Tosco in one word.
                1. Vol4ara
                  Vol4ara 6 September 2020 21: 24 New
                  -3
                  I completely agree. They also forgot about the Chinese "plow".
                  Recently there was an article in which they discussed why "bags on mortar mines", full out ...
          2. Nikolaevich I
            Nikolaevich I 5 September 2020 19: 10 New
            +3
            Well, and sho that the Pacific Ocean? You think that the Mediterranean Sea! I have a home now 5 minutes walk from the Black Sea ... For 2 months of staying near the sea, I visited the "sea" (that is, I swam and sunbathed ...) 3 times .... and then at the insistence of my wife! What can I do if I don't like it "I'll lie down on the beach ..."; and if, in addition, "resort plankton" are in abundance all around ...!
            1. alexmach
              alexmach 6 September 2020 11: 13 New
              +2
              For 2 months of staying near the sea, I visited the "sea" (that is, I swam and sunbathed ...) 3 times .... and then at the insistence of my wife!

              This is a special kind of luxury available only to residents of seaside towns.
              1. Vol4ara
                Vol4ara 6 September 2020 21: 26 New
                -2
                Quote: alexmach
                For 2 months of staying near the sea, I visited the "sea" (that is, I swam and sunbathed ...) 3 times .... and then at the insistence of my wife!

                This is a special kind of luxury available only to residents of seaside towns.

                In 16 years of my life in St. Petersburg, I have visited the Hermitage 2 times. I haven't been in the center for over a year. When it is available to you, you don't really want to
  • iouris
    iouris 5 September 2020 12: 14 New
    +3
    Quote: "The FGM-148 Javelin ATGM entered service with the developing country almost a quarter of a century ago." End of quote.
    The publication was twenty years late, but retained its relevance.
  • Viktor Sergeev
    Viktor Sergeev 5 September 2020 12: 14 New
    -3
    That is, the author does not consider it a disadvantage of 30 seconds during which the operator must keep the target in sight, and this is during the battle, and even if there are means of dealing with optical guidance means?
    And now the question: now it is clear why sniper rifles with a record firing range appear? A couple of people will shoot all the jewellers on a site a couple of kilometers away, the ideal target: a frozen weirdo with a pipe.
    1. Bormanxnumx
      Bormanxnumx 5 September 2020 14: 30 New
      +2
      Quote: Victor Sergeev
      record-range sniper rifles appear? A couple of people will shoot all the jewellers on a site a couple of kilometers away, the ideal target: a frozen weirdo with a pipe.

      https://ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A5%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%80%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%BE%D0%BD,_%D0%9A%D1%80%D1%8D%D0%B9%D0%B3_(%D1%81%D0%BD%D0%B0%D0%B9%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80)
      Blah blah blah and quote:
      "During the battle with the militants, using the L115A3 Long Range Rifle and from a distance of 2475 meters, he managed to destroy two Taliban machine gunners with two shots, and the third to disable the machine gun itself [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] In an interview with BBC broadcaster, Harrison said that it took him 9 sighting shots in order to then, consecutively, "lay down" three bullets exactly on the targets [10]. " Plus, the bullet flight time is 6 seconds - it goes out to 9 sighting shots, without taking into account the aiming time, it took him at least 54 seconds.
      Harrison also mentioned that on that day in the Musa Kala area, the weather conditions were ideal for long-range shooting: clear visibility and complete calm.
      With such promptness of "shooting the jewellers" it is possible to get a rocket)
      1. Viktor Sergeev
        Viktor Sergeev 5 September 2020 15: 21 New
        0
        That's why new rifles are made.
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 5 September 2020 16: 12 New
      +6
      Quote: Victor Sergeev
      That is, the author does not consider it a disadvantage of 30 seconds during which the operator must keep the target in sight

      ?
      But why?
      The operator can wait out the "acceleration" time at the bottom of the trench. In addition, this time seems to have been significantly reduced long ago.
      1. Viktor Sergeev
        Viktor Sergeev 7 September 2020 08: 18 New
        0
        You will not wait. The operator must keep the target continuously, without being distracted, jerked slightly and start again. The time was not reduced, just in different conditions it may be less, it all depends on the type of target, contrast, atmospheric conditions.
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 7 September 2020 15: 49 New
          +1
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          The operator must hold the target continuously, without distraction

          What for?
          The target does not participate in the cooling process of the GOS Generally
    3. Vol4ara
      Vol4ara 6 September 2020 21: 29 New
      -3
      Quote: Victor Sergeev
      That is, the author does not consider it a disadvantage of 30 seconds during which the operator must keep the target in sight, and this is during the battle, and even if there are means of dealing with optical guidance means?
      And now the question: now it is clear why sniper rifles with a record firing range appear? A couple of people will shoot all the jewellers on a site a couple of kilometers away, the ideal target: a frozen weirdo with a pipe.

      There is not 30 seconds, but 10. Compared to minutes for a 2nd generation ATGM, this is nothing at all
      1. Viktor Sergeev
        Viktor Sergeev 7 September 2020 08: 26 New
        +2
        Shot preparation time - 30 seconds. And all this time the operator is in the line of fire. When firing anti-tank systems at a distance of 4 -5 km. the operator has a chance to survive, but if the weapons are 2 km away. and they hit you with everything that can shoot, I would not want to be the operator of this miracle during a real battle with a strong enemy.
        1. Vol4ara
          Vol4ara 7 September 2020 10: 33 New
          -5
          Quote: Victor Sergeev
          Shot preparation time - 30 seconds. And all this time the operator is in the line of fire. When firing anti-tank systems at a distance of 4 -5 km. the operator has a chance to survive, but if the weapons are 2 km away. and they hit you with everything that can shoot, I would not want to be the operator of this miracle during a real battle with a strong enemy.

          Javelin shoots at 5 km, you have data from the 90s ...
          1. Viktor Sergeev
            Viktor Sergeev 7 September 2020 18: 31 New
            +2
            Jewelin shoots 2,5 km, and you are talking about American Wishlist. By the way, I took the range data from The National Interest, USA, article 2017.
  • KSVK
    KSVK 5 September 2020 15: 17 New
    +4
    Quote: Victor Sergeev
    A couple of people will shoot all the jewellers on a site a couple of kilometers away, the ideal target: a frozen weirdo with a pipe.

    Even for any 338 and 416 calibers, shooting at a distance of more than a kilometer is probabilistic. Plus the need to accurately measure the distance, and this is an unmasking sign. You don't think that "a couple of freaks" with Javelin will fight the war together without cover? laughing
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 5 September 2020 16: 13 New
      +3
      Quote: KSVK
      You don't think that "a couple of freaks" with Javelin will fight the war together without cover?

      And here everything is very complicated.
      Because the infantry cover is highly likely to cause a reaction. Artillery. "Attack object"
    2. Simargl
      Simargl 5 September 2020 20: 06 New
      +3
      Quote: KSVK
      You don't think that "a couple of freaks" with Javelin will fight the war together without cover?
      This, just, is convenient: it is not a pity to strain artillery or SRZO.
  • Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 5 September 2020 21: 03 New
    +1
    "Javelin" from the very beginning had a "flight range of 4 km ... but its seeker could carry ammunition up to 2,5 km ... Now a seeker has been developed with a range of up to 4 km ... (you can cite the example of the Chinese HJ-12 ... The engine delivered the ATGM to 4 km, but the IK.GSN operated up to 2 km ... that's why, just in case, made TV.GSN up to 4 km ...)) I don't remember if the Author mentioned that The cooled sighting device (NVD) in the PBC was replaced by an uncooled one (!). I think that this influenced the time of putting the "Javelin" on alert! Therefore, it is possible that the numbers that some "javelin experts" use are no longer correct ! In the US, they are not going to abandon the "javelins" yet ... different solutions are offered to modernize the ATGM .. Once, I came across such a proposal: Combined seeker (infrared + semi-active laser) ... It hasn’t come to that yet, but " the thought "remained!
    1. Viktor Sergeev
      Viktor Sergeev 7 September 2020 18: 33 New
      +2
      They cannot yet make a new head, the further the head is needed more sensitively, and the rocket is needed more. Even now, 10 percent of missiles fly in the wrong place, guidance is difficult in summer in the heat (heated space around targets), in fog, etc.
  • Freedim
    Freedim 6 September 2020 08: 08 New
    0
    As a countermeasure, create a more contrasting heat target (without gaps) next to the tank. Yes, even a shell inflated with hot air. What is the probability that the Javelin's seeker will make a mistake, or the gunner will not be able to fix the less contrasting part of the object?
  • Narak-zempo
    Narak-zempo 6 September 2020 08: 56 New
    0
    But still, where does such a cost of the complex come from, other than the desire of contractors to weld more?
    The technology has been developed for 25 years.
    Electronics on a fairly ancient element base.
    The GOS and the control unit are hardly more difficult to manufacture than a modern smartphone for a couple of hundred in Baku.
    1. Gato
      Gato 6 September 2020 19: 27 New
      +1
      GOS and control unit are hardly more difficult to manufacture than a modern smartphone

      Believe me, it is more difficult by orders of magnitude. At a minimum, this is cooling, overloading and guaranteed reliability during long-term storage ..
  • DeFalco
    DeFalco 7 September 2020 14: 20 New
    +1
    There is already a better ATGM. French MMP from MBDA for example.
  • Zaurbek
    Zaurbek 9 September 2020 10: 53 New
    0
    Meanwhile, the Poles:
    At the MSPO 2020 exhibition, a new Polish portable ATGM Moskit developed by the Military Technical Institute of Armaments WITU (Wojskowego Instytutu Technicznego Uzbrojeni) is demonstrated in two versions of the Moskit SR (short range - up to 2 km) and LR (long range - up to 4 km). The ER variant should have a range of up to 8-10 km.

    Penetration of homogeneous armor is 700 mm (the old Soviet ATGM "Baby" has no more than 450 mm, and the range is up to 3 km).

    Currently, the Polish army is armed with one type of modern anti-tank guided missiles. These are Spike missiles produced by Mesko SA together with Skarzysko Kamienna under an Israeli license (Rafael company). They can hit targets at a distance of no more than 4 km, armor penetration is also about 700 mm RHA.

    The peculiarity of "Mosquito" is that all its elements are of Polish production - warhead, actuators, software. The optical-electronic seeker is supplied by the Industrial Center of Optics (Przemysłowe Centrum Optyki), the "fire-and-forget" mode is possible (tryb wystrzel i zapomnij), when using a fiber-optic data line, the "fire-correct" mode is used (tryb wystrzel i koryguj).
  • kutuz
    kutuz 13 October 2020 23: 42 New
    0
    "The main thing is the highest cost of all its elements, including consumable ones." 175 thousand dollars apiece = Russian T-90AM, the price per unit is 4,25-4,5 million dollars. 1 rocket -1 tank and it’s not that expensive.