Military Review

School and pandemic: the main challenge of our time

38

Source: kaskad.tv


The apple of knowledge


All the previous months, the fight against coronavirus prepared us for the main thing - the massive exit of schoolchildren and students from forced vacations. On the one hand, a little less than 5 thousand new COVID-19 infections are still recorded in Russia every day, which significantly increases the risks of opening schools. On the other hand, the further work of schools, secondary specialized and higher educational institutions in remote mode threatens a catastrophic drop in the level of education. And the excessive nervous behavior of the parental community during the online education period also threatened a social explosion. Among the functionaries from education there were also supporters of the transition to distance education both in schools and in universities. More precisely, they wanted to make the online version a basic training scheme, and highlight the full-time form as an additional format. One of the arguments was the rather rosy results of the USE in 2020. Head of the Federal Service for Supervision in Education and Science Anzor Muzaev said about the results of the exam:

"The results are generally no better and no worse than those of the past years."


School and pandemic: the main challenge of our time

Source: irksib.ru

Taking into account that the last quarter of the senior pupils did not appear at school at all, the form of distance education can be considered successful. But in the end, after weighing all the pros and cons, the Ministry of Education nevertheless let the children go to school on September 1. Of course, with many restrictions developed jointly with Rospotrebnadzor.

It must be said that since the beginning of the summer the sanitary doctors have astounded teachers with their demands for complete separation of classes. It was up to individual calls for each group of students. Fortunately, it didn't come to that. It is generally difficult for school education to adapt to the realities of the pandemic: all previous years it was reformed in a completely different direction. The increase in class size, when 32-35 students in one room is considered quite normal, clearly plays in favor of infections. An increase in the load on the teacher (not everyone can afford the basic 18 hours) entails the teacher's communication with the maximum possible number of children. The massive amalgamation of schools into huge educational conglomerates leads to such a dangerous pandemic "overpopulation". How to ensure compliance with all sanitary standards in a school where up to 5-6 thousand people study in two shifts? Nevertheless, no one is going to change something drastically at school now, and children with teachers will find themselves in a new pandemic reality.

The main barrier to COVID-19 is the total temperature control at the school entrance. According to the Ministry of Education and regional departments, educational institutions have already been supplied with non-contact thermometers in the required quantities. The traditional lineup on September 1 is organized in most schools in the country only for grades 1 and 11. Parents now have the option of keeping their child homeschooled online - only an application is required. But no one will separately increase the workload for teachers in this regard. It is supposed to use stationary cameras in the classroom, broadcasting what is happening in the lesson for children on the "remote". Only there are no such cameras in the classrooms yet, as there is no corresponding software.

The medical community insists that children are less susceptible to infection than adults, and they get sick much more easily. All sanitary measures will minimize the likelihood of infection within the walls of the school. I must say that the innovations are not the most severe in comparison with other countries. For example, in Germany, whose children have been going to school for almost a month, a number of federal states have introduced the mandatory wearing of masks. For violation - up to exclusion. And only the smallest are allowed to take off their masks at the desk. Therefore, all domestic epidemiological restrictions in schools must be taken carefully.

Disconnect as much as possible


In order to maximize the separation of children from different classes, they will be expected at school at different times. For example, half of the school is for the first lesson, and the second - for the second. Each educational team will be assigned a strictly defined classroom, and only physics, chemistry, technology and physical education will be held in the traditional format. Moreover, physics and chemistry classrooms accept children only for laboratory and practical work. Different parts of the school will be assigned to certain parallels and children will be prohibited from moving from one part of the building to another. Up to the point that the interfloor doors will be closed during the change. They will try to minimize contacts of children in school canteens. Parents will not be allowed to school (unless absolutely necessary), and meetings will go online. Why such draconian, at first glance, measures? It's all about the coming wave of autumn-winter respiratory diseases among employees and students of educational institutions of the country. When children begin to massively get sick with SARS and even the flu, doctors will have to check everyone for COVID-19 in order to avoid a second wave of this infection. And to cope with this, for obvious reasons, will not work. Do many remember when they were diagnosed with the flu? Most often, doctors dispense with traditional ARVI, prescribe a sick leave, and that's it. Now this will not work, every child with a temperature will have to take an analysis, which is accompanied by many inconveniences: the same protective suit must be worn. In general, the most afraid of the beginning of the school year are not parents, not teachers, and even less schoolchildren, but doctors, who will have to pay close attention to each outbreak of SARS. In this regard, health care providers will eventually occupy an important place in the school hierarchy. For the first two weeks, a doctor will be on duty at every school in Russia, who will monitor compliance with safety standards, as well as teach the rules of behavior for teachers and children. In the future, it is planned to increase the staff of medical workers in schools and introduce them to the pedagogical council. In general, the appearance of doctors in the school life of the younger generation can only be welcomed, but where can we get such a number of doctors? Introduce new specialties to medical colleges and specialized universities? But these are steps for the future, but here and now, obviously, there are not enough doctors. Unless they are removed from other directions.

Until January 1, 2021, schools will turn into the most regulated institutions with an actual absence of traditional internal life. All events where children from different classes can meet (except for breakfast and lunch, of course), and even more so from different schools, are prohibited. Contests and competitions for gifted children were transferred to a distance format. And if you can still read the report on the invention on camera, then what about the Olympiad movement? There are only problems with the Olympiads. At the beginning of the year, the final All-Russian stage of the subject Olympiad was canceled for eleventh graders and each was awarded the status of a prize-winner. This is not only very prestigious, but also gives considerable bonuses when applying for budgetary places at universities. As a result, the correspondence prize-winners of the Olympiad, of whom, as expected, became much more, took many places in universities from applicants according to traditional schemes. Now there are four months (at least) of silence ahead, and it is still not clear how to organize a school-level Olympiad, let alone a city one. And this, we recall, has been a powerful tool for identifying talented children in the provinces since Soviet times, from which outstanding managers, engineers, doctors and so on often grow up later.


Source: gazeta.ru

Oddly enough, the main problem in the fight against the pandemic in schools was ... the notorious September 1. Traditionally, the academic year begins across the country on one day, which has even become a festive day in this regard. But COVID-19 is strongly opposed, as they say. There are enough regions on the map of the country that did not even leave the first stage of lifting restrictions: Irkutsk and Tomsk regions, Stavropol Territory and others. According to the requirements of Rospotrebnadzor, not only schools cannot be opened here, but you can also go in for sports on the street at a distance of 5 meters from each other. Of course, there is a postscript that the final decision on the opening of certain organizations is made by the regional leadership. But the situation in the country is very variegated in terms of COVID-19, and, probably, solving the pandemic problem in a uniform way for all will be wrong.

In this regard, the experience of Germany is indicative, where each subject (federal state) made its own decision on the children’s leaving for school. As mentioned above, the Germans begin to study in August, but everything is different. Someone, like the federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, opens the doors of schools on August 3, and in Berlin, for example, children sit down at their desks only a week later. In Germany, many schools reopened two weeks late due to the tense atmosphere with COVID-19. German schools are flexible in responding to the challenges of infection, not being afraid to postpone the beginning of the school year. Time will show how effective the concept of September XNUMX in a pandemic will be for Russia.
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  1. siberalt
    siberalt 1 September 2020 05: 09
    +8
    We experimented at a remote location, but what has changed since March 2020? Now again, experiments are even worse than at a distance. From the words of the teachers, it begins "a complete madhouse"! It was just that the number of premises for classrooms, entrances and exits for such was not planned during their construction. But what kind of space for MUP fines Roskomnadzor has!
    1. Ragnar Lodbrok
      Ragnar Lodbrok 1 September 2020 05: 20
      15
      Quote: siberalt
      From the words of the teachers, it begins "a complete madhouse"!

      Wrong word ... Do you know how remote sessions and tests with exams are passed? It would be better if they didn’t know, we will soon get "specialists of a wide profile of the national economy" that God forbid being their contemporaries ...
      1. Ilya-spb
        Ilya-spb 1 September 2020 06: 13
        12
        We know ... I myself am a beginning teacher. Waiting for nonsense and bullshit from our managers.

        I believe that the distance education system will not replace the traditional one. Personal contact and communication with the teacher is important for students.
        1. Shurik70
          Shurik70 2 September 2020 00: 04
          0
          Quote: Ilya-spb
          the distance education system will not replace the traditional one. Personal contact and communication with the teacher is important for students

          Absolutely agree. And younger children need it even more, yet students have more experience and better understand the importance of education.
          Moreover, the protection measures are not that complicated. You can teach children from childhood to take hygiene seriously.
      2. siberalt
        siberalt 1 September 2020 08: 23
        +6
        Looks like I know something. My wife, at a distance, until two o'clock in the morning, coached her students on the exam, and my granddaughter in the 4th year at the presidential academy studies the wisdom of public administration remotely. I can imagine what kind of officials we will have. If they find work in their specialty, of course. Then the grandmother said in two. There are no guarantees.
    2. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 1 September 2020 05: 36
      -1
      these are kids. here any measures are insufficient. Schools have to spin. look for exits and options. madhouse, of course. but what other options? to put the children at home and bury the school year? these are problems for everyone. and parents and children and teachers.
    3. samarin1969
      samarin1969 1 September 2020 06: 19
      +1
      Quote: siberalt
      We experimented at a remote location, but what has changed since March 2020? Now again, experiments are even worse than at a distance. From the words of the teachers, it begins "a complete madhouse"! It was just that the number of premises for classrooms, entrances and exits for such was not planned during their construction. But what kind of space for MUP fines Roskomnadzor has!

      Thanks for the adequate comment, Oleg! good
      All hope is in the all-saving "common sense". Hopefully it will be just a "school year".
    4. Finches
      Finches 1 September 2020 06: 32
      -3
      You need to understand that it is necessary to provide educational activities and maintain health - this is an extremely difficult task, especially at the school level! First graders on distance, and in general schoolchildren, except for two senior grades, you cannot transfer to distance - there is only a teacher. But you also need to think about his health almost first of all, taking into account the age categories there are many teachers from the risk group! So there is no need to think that officials are thinking about fines - there are the same people and they have the same children who go to school! But I would prioritize - first human health, then education! You can always make up for knowledge, but health is much more difficult ...
      1. siberalt
        siberalt 1 September 2020 08: 30
        0
        If you are aware, then from September 1, free meals for younger students are required. But the vast majority of school canteens and canteens will not be available to the rest of the students. For a simple reason - there are not enough rooms and chefs. The authorities somehow did not think about it.
        1. Finches
          Finches 1 September 2020 08: 32
          -3
          It's not really power. More concerns the direct management of schools. But these are temporary difficulties and they will undoubtedly be resolved - the very fact of free meals cannot but rejoice!
          1. Tank hard
            Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 18
            -1
            Quote: Finches
            - the fact of free meals is good news!

            Free breakfast for children in grades 1-4, those who are older are already paid. These are the laws now. request
            1. Finches
              Finches 1 September 2020 22: 19
              +1
              But this is already better than yesterday!
              1. Tank hard
                Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 22
                -1
                Quote: Finches
                But this is already better than yesterday!

                If "yesterday" is the Soviet Union, then in the "free" position it was much better. repeat
                1. Finches
                  Finches 1 September 2020 22: 45
                  0
                  Not. The Soviet Union is, unfortunately, not yesterday's story ...
                  1. Tank hard
                    Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 47
                    -1
                    Quote: Finches
                    Not. The Soviet Union is, unfortunately, not yesterday's story ...

                    Some 29 years ago. For me, quite yesterday. request
        2. ivagulin
          ivagulin 1 September 2020 15: 26
          +3
          Well, regarding free food, it can hardly be called that, we were warned that only breakfasts would be free. We have Muscovy where PEOPLE live, and there is the rest of Russia, or the ass of the world as the Muscovites call us
    5. Tank hard
      Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 20
      -2
      Quote: siberalt
      From the words of the teachers begins "a complete madhouse"

      What do you mean by this? For this is what some teachers say at all times. request
  2. codetalker
    codetalker 1 September 2020 06: 12
    0
    Measures that will be implemented at the school are being actively discussed, but the topic of higher education remains in the shadow. And there is some strange optimism ... I would like to note that the overwhelming majority of employees are well aware of the perniciousness of "remote control". But it is simply impossible to fulfill all these conditions. There is no way to assign an audience to a group. The number of people in groups has been constantly growing in recent years, and it is impossible to ensure the distance. Measurement of temperature - one aunt with one thermometer against hundreds of students. Only the mask mode remains. But I can only control it in class. And they still kiss before entering the building. We must not forget that students have a wide range of social contacts ... Well, in short, the mood is not the most rosy. Maybe the devil (virus) is not so terrible as it is painted, but we have all seen a reaction to an increase in the incidence. Quarantine. I would really not like this, but it feels like everything goes to him.
    1. 7,62h54
      7,62h54 1 September 2020 07: 02
      +3
      From A to Z"
      In the Krasnodar school №71 33 first grades were recruited. This was told in the city department of education, reports "Rossiyskaya Gazeta".
      Classes received letters in all 33 letters of the Russian alphabet.
      1. Tank hard
        Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 27
        0
        Quote: 7,62x54
        From A to Z"
        In the Krasnodar school №71 33 first grades were recruited. This was told in the city department of education, reports "Rossiyskaya Gazeta".
        Classes received letters in all 33 letters of the Russian alphabet.

        Can you imagine the quality of education there? wink Well, there, "at the top" is probably more visible. repeat "Optimization, b --- lin. request
  3. rocket757
    rocket757 1 September 2020 06: 58
    +2
    I do not want to discuss anything ... more than half a month died in a day in our country ... of course, the numbers are not great, in a couple of accidents MORE died the day before !!! but somehow it becomes uncomfortable !!!
    I transfer the boys to home schooling while ... while there is such an opportunity.
    1. polar fox
      polar fox 1 September 2020 18: 07
      +2
      Quote: rocket757
      I transfer the boys to home schooling while ... while there is such an opportunity.

      my wife will "play enough" at school, I will also teach at home ...
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 1 September 2020 18: 20
        0
        Sales turned out cool! Out of the whole class at home schooled, there remained EXCELLENT, SHALOPAI and BALBES! For the first semester at least.
        There is a child in the class from a family in which EVERYONE got sick with the "crown" relatively easily.
        We'll see what happens next.
    2. Tank hard
      Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 31
      0
      Quote: rocket757
      I do not want to discuss anything ... more than half a month died in a day in our country ... of course, the numbers are not great, in a couple of accidents MORE died the day before !!! but somehow it becomes uncomfortable !!!
      I transfer the boys to home schooling while ... while there is such an opportunity.

      IMHO: Distance education cannot replace traditional education, the quality will be worse, but modern law allows it, some people choose, and this is their choice. And on the virus, until 60% of the population is ill, the virus will flourish. request
  4. 7,62h54
    7,62h54 1 September 2020 06: 59
    +8
    All these antiquated measures are so window dressing. I recently happened to be at the Krasnodar airport. People crowded, stand shoulder to shoulder. There are few chairs, nowhere to sit. In bandages, a fifth can. And then several flights were delayed. But on the speakerphone, a purring voice regularly announces that Rospotrebnadzor recommends keeping social distance.
    Why am I telling this. According to officials, the main thing is to issue more instructions on time. And whether they will be executed, whether they are viable, nobody cares.
    1. Tank hard
      Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 35
      -1
      Quote: 7,62x54
      All these antiquated measures are so window dressing. I recently happened to be at the Krasnodar airport. People crowded, stand shoulder to shoulder. There are few chairs, nowhere to sit. In bandages, a fifth can. And then several flights were delayed. But on the speakerphone, a purring voice regularly announces that Rospotrebnadzor recommends keeping social distance.
      Why am I telling this. According to officials, the main thing is to issue more instructions on time. And whether they will be executed, whether they are viable, nobody cares.

      In fairness, it is a private matter of the population (its upbringing and respect for others) - to keep the distance or not. What do the officials have to do with it? Or, as in China, for a violation, up to the execution, are you ready for such measures? Why is this demagoguery?
      1. 7,62h54
        7,62h54 1 September 2020 23: 00
        -2
        You breed demagoguery, just in the spirit of those close to the trough. I said that decrees / orders are slapped without taking into account the realities. Specifically about the airport - try to keep the distance at check-in and control.
        1. Tank hard
          Tank hard 1 September 2020 23: 02
          0
          Quote: 7,62x54
          Specifically about the airport - try to keep the distance at check-in and control.

          Specifically, this distance depends on you and those who are nearby. There is nothing to blame on the mirror.
  5. Free wind
    Free wind 1 September 2020 07: 03
    0
    There are also positive aspects. now there have been no threatening outbreaks of influenza. Otherwise, a teacher would come to school with snot, with a temperature to school, like that it's okay, and after a week half of the school is on sick leave, even though they taught me to wear masks. You can give out to masks and alcohol for disinfection. wassat
    1. siberalt
      siberalt 1 September 2020 08: 36
      +6
      All school infectious diseases and head lice come not from teachers, but from students. Do not lie!
    2. Tank hard
      Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 43
      +1
      Quote: Free Wind
      There are also positive aspects. now there have been no threatening outbreaks of influenza. Otherwise, a teacher would come to school with snot, with a temperature to school, like that it's okay, and after a week half of the school is on sick leave, even though they taught me to wear masks. You can give out to masks and alcohol for disinfection.

      Yah?! And I thought that it was the parents who were trying to push their children to school by any means and in any condition, as long as they did not interfere with their "work to work", and many have no grandparents. And here you are trying to open America to us, just Columbus and not "Free Wind". And yes, I work at a school. wink
  6. apro
    apro 1 September 2020 07: 08
    +3
    The main problem is not a pandemic. But what the authorities are doing with education. All these experiments are aimed at destroying it. At the lack of demand for those who have received an education. All more graduates with diplomas cannot be realized in the chosen specialties. This is a stealing of time and aspirations.
    The virus is like mana from heaven for reformers. Under this sauce, you can invent and implement a lot.
  7. Doccor18
    Doccor18 1 September 2020 07: 43
    +6
    Nevertheless, no one is going to change something drastically at school now, and children with teachers will find themselves in a new pandemic reality.

    Of course, no one is going to change. There are fewer schools. There are almost no new ones, and in our city 20 billion rubles will be spent on the anniversary. With this money, 10 modern schools could be built and the children could be separated as much as possible, but where there ...
    For the first two weeks, a doctor will be on duty at every school in Russia, who will monitor compliance with the norms ...

    Wow, cool .. But where can I get so many doctors? Or cover the polyclinics for a couple of weeks.
    Unless they are removed from other directions ...

    What other ..?
    1. BAI
      BAI 1 September 2020 11: 21
      0
      A full-time doctor, at least a nurse, is in every city school. In the village - depending on the size. But in small schools with social distancing, there are fewer problems.
  8. Alex66
    Alex66 1 September 2020 09: 11
    +3
    We were sent a list to the school group:
    1 liter liquid soap, 1 liter antiseptic, 5 rolls of paper towels, plus 1 bottle of liquid soap for every day, 1 roll of paper towel, 1 roll of toilet paper. You must have 5 masks per day, an antiseptic, gloves, and changeable shoes. And this is no joke, the rescue of drowning people is the work of the drowning themselves.
    1. Tank hard
      Tank hard 1 September 2020 22: 36
      0
      Quote: Alex66
      the rescue of drowning people is the work of the drowning themselves.

      So it has been at all times.
    2. depressant
      depressant 2 September 2020 00: 31
      0
      5 masks per day?!?
      Probably, it should be so. But in our pharmacy, a mask costs 20 rubles. In the "Five" a set of three masks - 76 rubles. In general, 100 rubles a day just for masks. 20 school days a month is 2000 rubles. Who can pull this from my neighbors? Especially a daily roll of paper towels - from 90 to 120 rubles. Cheap toilet paper disappeared from the market. So 1 roll - from 15 rubles and above. In short, an average of 150 rubles per day. Fiction.

      There are children of school age in my poor Khrushchev. I guess the masks will be erased by the parents. Otherwise, taking into account other requirements for families with meager incomes - ruin. I wash mine.
      By the way, from the experience of constant wearing, I will say right away: the mask allows any perfume aromas to pass through. As well as individual body odors. Doesn't delay at all. Though new, even washed. This means the more the virus will not delay if someone coughs. I looked on the Internet: a reusable respiratory type mask - from 300 to 600 rubles.
      Conclusion: one child who is sick, but does not yet understand this, in spite of the mask, infects the whole class, therefore, a large parent group. Whatever the decontamination measures and costs.
      It is sad.
      I talked with a friend from Sochi. A month ago, the peak of the epidemic reached them. A friend got infected from a 32-year-old neighbor. She died, and a 45-year-old acquaintance, a diabetic, oddly enough, survived. They did not take them to the hospital, there are no places, everything is packed. But they did a test for covid-19 twice, it was confirmed. And when she went to work after an illness, she infected a colleague, she is now dying. Thus, my friend is a carrier. How not to work?
      So, her son is a schoolboy. Not sick, but now also a carrier of the infection. And this child will come to school wearing a mask that lets everything through, sneezes, skips the mask. And the clothes that the child will wear are contagious. Children touch each other. The situation is, of course, dire.
  9. BAI
    BAI 1 September 2020 11: 18
    0
    In this regard, the experience of Germany is indicative, where each subject (federal state) made its own decision on the children’s leaving for school.

    And what is indicative here? How then to conduct the exam, to enter the institutes? And nobody canceled the call to the army.