Military Review

Turkmens of the Russian Empire. History of the Tekin Horse Regiment

58
Turkmens of the Russian Empire. History of the Tekin Horse Regiment

Along with the famous Wild Division, the Russian Imperial Army also had another national unit that covered itself with no less glory - the Tekinsky Cavalry Regiment. Unfortunately, it is less known than the Wild Division, which is largely due to the lesser preservation of its documents in the archives, as well as to the lack of interest in its activities in Soviet historiography, since most of the Tekinsky regiment was loyal to L.G. Kornilov and later supported the Whites, not the Reds, which will be discussed later.


At the beginning of the article, it makes sense to give historical a certificate about the Turkmen and their relationship with Russia. Regarding the Turkmens, it should be noted that they are ethnically quite homogeneous (initially being a Turkic-speaking people of mixed Turkic-Iranian origin) and were divided into a number of tribes according to the tribal principle. The strongest and most influential tribe were the Tekins from the Akhal-Teke oasis. They were distinguished by their violent character and raiding economy and were subordinated to Russia in the 1880s. as a result of stubborn battles. The rest of the Turkmen tribes took Russian citizenship mostly voluntarily, and the Yomud tribe had been asking for it since the 1840s, hoping, however, for Russia's help during the war with its Kazakh neighbors. Part of the Turkmens, together with the Kalmyks, moved to Russia, their descendants are the Astrakhan and Stavropol Turkmens.

So, since the accession of the Turkmen tribes to the Russian Empire in the 1880s. Turkmen voluntarily served in the Turkmen militia (in the Russian Empire, the word militia was used in its original Latin sense - "militia", so irregular military formations were called militias), on November 7.11.1892, 29.07.1914, transformed into the Turkmen irregular cavalry division, and later, on July 1916, XNUMX, transformed in the Turkmen cavalry regiment, which received the name Tekinsky in XNUMX, since the majority in it were Turkmen-Tekins, they were also distinguished by the greatest valor.

In the Turkmen irregular units, there were the same principles of organization and selection of officers as in the Cossack units. It should be noted that in 1909 the number of those wishing to serve in the Turkmen cavalry irregular division exceeded the number of vacancies three times. The similarity of the national irregular units with the Cossack ones was widespread in the Russian Empire, for example, the 1st Dagestan regiment, from which the 2nd, which was part of the Wild Division, was separated, was part of the 3rd Caucasian Cossack Division. The Turkmen and mountaineers, as well as the Cossacks, were commanded by both ordinary army officers and officers from these peoples, the latter of course being preferred, but they were not enough.

Regarding the Tekinsky regiment, it should also be noted that it has been studied and known to the general public even less than the Caucasian native cavalry division. The situation with archival materials on its history is very deplorable. In the RGVIA, only 8 archival files have been preserved, of which one refers to the history of the regiment before the First World War. From the literature on its history, one should mention the book by OA Gundogdyev and J. Annaorazov "Glory and Tragedy. The fate of the Tekinsky cavalry regiment (1914-1918) ". This book was written in 1992 on a wave of national patriotism with a clear desire to glorify and glorify the history of the Turkmen, while condemning the Russian colonialists, which, of course, did not in the best way affect the objectivity of the presentation. In addition, one should also mention the article by the same OA Gundogdyev, this time without Annaorazov and in co-authorship with VI Sheremet "Tekinsky cavalry regiment in the battles of the First World War (new archival information)". This article is already much more objective and devoid of nationalistic distortions, which is probably associated with the participation of the Russian V.I.Sheremet, as well as with the work directly with archival documents, albeit in insufficient quantities. In connection with these circumstances, unfortunately, it is impossible to write about the Tekins as much and in detail as about the Wild Division.

In terms of weapons in the Turkmen / Tekinsky regiment, as in the Wild Division, the principle acted according to which ordinary horsemen served with their cold weapons and on their own horse, and received firearms from the treasury. Thus, these units approached the Cossacks, who were also provided with horses, uniforms and melee weapons at their own expense (which is typical for all semi-regular units, since the difference between the regular army and the irregular is the unified state-owned weapons and equipment).

The Tekinsky cavalry regiment was armed with Mosin's cavalry carbines. First, the Turkmen militia and the irregular cavalry division were armed with Berdan-Safonov cavalry carbines (based on the Berdan No. 2 rifle), then, when the army switched from a single-shot Berdan rifle to the Mosin magazine rifle, with cavalry carbines based on this rifle.

With regard to edged weapons, it should be noted, firstly, that the regiment was the only unit at that time in the Russian army armed with sabers, not sabers. Practically all Turkmen had traditional Turkmen sabers "klych", and they were as good at using them as the mountaineers were using sabers. In addition, the Turkmen, a flat desert-steppe people, owned peaks of the traditional Turkmen type. This lance had a removable tip that could be used as a dart. In addition, this design prolonged the service life of the pike and facilitated its extraction (the tip remained in the body, jumping off the shaft, and was subsequently removed) after being used for its usual purpose, since the risk of the shaft breaking upon impact was reduced (for a solid shaft, the phenomenon is very frequent, see the expression “breaking spears”). In addition, the Turkmens wore a multifunctional bichak knife. This type of knife without a guard with a sharpened blade at the end, popular among the peoples of the Caucasus and Central Asia, is used in knife fighting, for household and culinary purposes. Unlike the "pchak", the majority of the peoples of Central Asia (with a very wide blade and a small handle), the Turkmen bichaks are closer to the Balkarian bichaks of the North Caucasus and have a blade of normal width and a handle of sufficient size, which facilitates their combat use, practically without harming other functions ... The Turkmen did not have daggers, in contrast to the highlanders of the North Caucasus.

It should be clarified here that the Turkish-Turkmen saber-tooth is a relatively wide and straight saber (in comparison with the Iranian shamshir), nevertheless, with a greater bend than that of the saber. The fundamental differences between a saber and a saber lie in the design of the handle and the absence of a cross-guard for the saber, as well as in the curvature of the blade that is much smaller than that of the saber and, accordingly, its different balancing. The checker is designed to deliver one sharp blow, which, due to its low weight, can be performed even with a bent hand. The saber is also more adapted for stabbing, since at the point its blade is sharpened on both sides, and at the saber on the first side throughout the entire blade. The Turkmen saber is adapted for inflicting rather chopping blows from top to bottom due to the weighted straight upper third of the blade (the bending of the blade begins below it) and requires, due to the greater length and weight than the saber, a taller and stronger rider (namely the rider, because on foot with a saber where less convenient than a saber, since the LONG saber drags along the ground), which the Turkmens were. Regarding the carbine, it makes sense to clarify that it was intended for light cavalry, including hussars, and it was easy to carry and use at all gaits, respectively, for the Turkmen horsemen it was a quite suitable weapon.

The supply of the Tekinsky regiment was completely taken over by the Turkmen tribes, who allocated 60000 rubles for the organization and equipment of the regiment. (!), In addition, supplying him with food and uniforms. It should be noted here that the Turkmen did not like Russian porridge and black bread (apparently, out of habit, since they did not know rye and oats) and ate only their own, and from their homeland they were sent the usual jugara, rice and wheat, as well as green tea and "alarm" (traditional candies). The Turkmens bought livestock from the local population, paying carefully, since they already had an idea of ​​discipline and the inadmissibility of robberies (at least of their own population), which only a generation ago were their national trade. This means that the Russian army has made considerable progress in educating them.

Tekins fought in the national costume, which consisted of a long robe (thin in summer, on cotton wool in winter, however, a wadded robe could protect not only from frost, but also from heat), wide trousers and shirts, usually silk. The most remarkable element of the national costume was a huge papakha-trukhmenka made from a whole lamb. Due to its heat-insulating properties, it protected from both cold and heat, so the Turkmens wore it all year round. Trukhmenka also protected from blow.

As for the horse stock, the Turkmens, especially the Tekins, bred the famous Akhal-Teke horse breed, known for their speed, endurance and devotion to the owner. For the Turkmens, the horse was a source of pride, and they cared about it no less than about themselves. On this you can finish with the equipment and supplies and go directly to the combat path of the regiment.

The Turkmen cavalry regiment was formed on July 29.07.1914, 5, together with the 1th Siberian Cossack regiment, it formed the corps cavalry of the 1914st Turkestan army corps. The regiment took part in the battles only in the late autumn of 19.07.1915, under the command of S.I. Drozdovsky, (the future leader of the white movement), covering the retreat of Russian troops in East Prussia and Poland (it is characteristic that the Turkmen, who rode across the steppes and deserts, were sent to fight on flat terrain, while the Caucasian highlanders of the Wild Division fought in the Carpathians). Only then was the corps transferred to the front. XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX after Drozdovskiy regiment commander was appointed Colonel S. P. Zykov, later also a leader of the White movement, and in the Trans-Caspian region. It becomes clear why the Turkmens were mostly opponents of the Reds and the Soviet historiography did not mention them.

The Turkmens fought bravely, in the battle at Soldau they took large trophies, defeating the German vanguard and thereby allowing the Russians to retreat in perfect order. At Duplitsa-Dyuzha, the Turkmen also thwarted the German offensive. After that, the Germans called the Turkmens devils, because they did something that was beyond human strength and did not give in to common sense, and with their sabers the Turkmens often cut the Germans from shoulder to waist, which made an impression. As already mentioned, the Turkmen saber is adapted specifically for chopping blows from top to bottom.

Many Turkmens were awarded with St. George's Crosses. The renaming of the Turkmen regiment into Tekinsky took place on 31.03.1916/28.05.1916/11.10.1914 by the highest order. 5/29.10/5 the regiment distinguished itself in the Dobronutsk battle. Unfortunately, the course of hostilities with the participation of the regiment has not been studied as thoroughly as the combat path of the Wild Division, since there are few archival documents on this topic. From the documents preserved in the RGVIA, it can be seen that the regiment was mainly engaged in reconnaissance and mail transportation, maintaining communication between units, For example, 20/5.12.1914/16. the Turkmens reconnoitred the situation at Prasnysh together with the XNUMXth Siberian Cossack regiment. On October XNUMX, together with the XNUMXth Siberian regiment, the Turkmens occupied Dlutovo, local Poles reported that the Germans left an hour before the arrival of the Cossacks and Turkmens. A squadron of Turkmens and XNUMX Cossacks began to pursue the Germans, soon the Cossacks saw them near the village of Nitsk, then the Turkmens galloped with lava, but came across a stone fence, from behind which the Germans were shooting, and the Turkmens had to retreat to Dlutovo, and some of them fell from horses, but the comrades caught their horses, and they themselves were picked up and taken away. On XNUMX/XNUMX/XNUMX, the Turkmen carried convoy and intelligence services, kept in touch with the XNUMXth infantry division, and most importantly, transported flying mail.

Serving in the regiment among the Turkmens was extremely prestigious. For example, Silyab Serdarov (a representative of the intelligentsia forming among the Merv Turkmens) was presented to the 4th degree of the St.George Cross, although he, being the only son of rich and old parents (from the Turkmen nobility, hence the name Serdarov, serdar means head or chief, for example President of Turkmenistan for life Saparmurat Niyazov, aka Turkmenbashi) could well not serve, but went voluntarily, at his own expense outfitted other horsemen, fought bravely, and finished 6 classes of the cadet corps before the war.

We should mention the case when 20.03.1915/18/6. near the village of Kalinkautsy, a Turkmen patrol that was scouting the crossing (as it turned out, it was in very poor condition, since the ice had already melted), the Germans fired on, killing the horses of the militia cadet Kurbankul and the rider Mola Niyazov. Then the rider Makhsutov gave the horse to Kurbankul Niyazov, and he barely rode it through the difficult spring snowdrifts. Makhsutov departed on foot with Mola Niyazov, and XNUMX infantrymen and XNUMX horsemen were chasing them, but they responded to the offer to surrender with fire (apparently effective, since they managed to leave). Then Kurbankul Niyazov went on reconnaissance, despite a slight injury. Captain Uraz Berdy applied for the awarding of all three with the Orders of St. George for non-Christians.

As a reward for long service, the Turkmen and their relatives were exempted from taxes. For example, Kouz Karanov, who has served irreproachably for 10 years (correspondingly, having begun his service back in the Turkmen equestrian irregular division), was awarded exemption from taxes. In addition, during the First World War, it was decided to mobilize representatives of the Central Asian peoples who are not subject to conscription into the army for the construction of fortifications, digging trenches and other work in the front-line zone and near rear of the active army. This decision applied not only to Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Uzbeks and Tajiks, but also to Turkmens, however, for the relatives of the riders of the Tekin regiment, an exception was made, but each rider was exempted from work only three close male relatives, which with rather large Turkmen families was clearly insufficient. But among the Turkmens, the mobilization for work aroused outrage not because it distracted men from chores, but because they were forced to work with a pick and ketmen (a type of hoe used for digging ditches, especially common in Central Asia), as Sarts historically despised by them and Tajiks, but they did not take on military service. In the end, the command agreed that the mobilized Turkmens did not dig, but carried out security and guard service. Those who watched the hostilities with the participation of the Turkmen were amazed that in a battle with the enemy cavalry, the Akhal-Teke horses not only kicked, but literally gnawed at the enemy (both horses and riders) and jumped with their front legs on the enemy horses, as a result of which they fell from blow and fright dropping riders.

The most famous battle involving the Tekin Horse Regiment is the Battle of Dobronouc. At Dobronouc, only one Tekinsky regiment broke through the Austrian defense (at the last moment it turned out that it could not be supported by neighboring units), the Turkmens slipped through the trenches on horseback, hacking down 2000 with sabers and taking 3000 Austrians prisoner. The Austrians threw millions of cartridges, rifles, guns, boxes, many wounded and killed horses.

After the February Revolution, the fate of the Tekinsky regiment was tragic. Due to the fact that L.G.Kornilov, appointed commander-in-chief, had previously served on the Afghan border and conducted reconnaissance on Afghan territory together with the Turkmen, they knew and loved him. Kornilov, in turn, formed a personal escort of them. In addition, the regiment was attached to the Indigenous Corps. Colonel Baron N.P. von Kügelgen (12.04.1917 - December 1917) became the commander of the regiment itself. During the Kornilov events, the regiment was in Minsk and could not participate in them. After the rebellion, the Tekins were entrusted with guarding L. G. Kornilov in the Bykhov prison, and after the October Revolution of 1917, the Turkmen together with Kornilov went to the Don. In this campaign, many of them died, the rest were in the civil war on different sides of the barricades.

Thus, the Tekinsky cavalry regiment, like the Caucasian native cavalry division, was a completely effective unit that successfully fought during the First World War. Unfortunately, his combat path is not as well known as the combat path of the Wild Division, especially since there are fewer sources on the regiment's history. The Turkmen managed to quickly and painlessly adapt to the new situation and fight in it no worse than the natives of this climatic zone fought.

The Tekinsky regiment found itself hostage to the events that took place in Russia after the 1917 revolution, which became the reason for the tragic end of the regiment and most of its riders due to the fact that the regiment was commanded, as already mentioned, by L.G. Kornilov, and the regiment was involved in the Kornilov events. I wrote about the participation of the Wild Division in them in previous articles, now I should dwell on the role of the Tekinsky regiment.

The indigenous corps (it was united by the order of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief A.F. Kerensky dated 21.08.1917, the Caucasian Native Cavalry Division, the 1st Dagestan Cavalry Regiment, the Tekinsky Cavalry Regiment and the Ossetian Foot Brigade) under the command of L.G. Kornilov moved to Petrograd, but stopped as a result of a railroad strike. Separately, it should be said that at the moment described, the Tekinsky Cavalry Regiment WAS NOT in the vicinity of Petrograd. At that time he was in Minsk, guarding Kornilov personally. The Turkmens could not arrive in the vicinity of Petrograd due to the paralysis of the railway traffic due to the strike and sabotage by the railway workers.

After the defeat of the Kornilov speech, the Tekins were entrusted with the protection of L.G. Kornilov in the Bykhov prison, and the Tekins had to protect Kornilov from reprisals by the revolutionary soldiers, and after the October Revolution of 1917, the Turkmen went to the Don together with Kornilov. In this campaign, many of them died, the rest ended up in the Civil War on different sides of the barricades. The fact is that most of the surviving Tekins fought as part of the Volunteer Army and shared its fate (death or emigration), but some of those captured by the Reds went to serve them (it is not known how voluntarily). Thus, as a result of the events in Russia, which could not cope with itself, a subdivision of Turkmens, more loyal to Russia than most Russians, practically perished. After all, the Tekinsky regiment was not affected by the decomposition of the army and the revolution, and it remained loyal to its command and Russia and retained its human appearance, saving Kornilov from reprisals, while the Russian soldiers were mired in robbery and drunkenness, refused to fight and sent officers "to Dukhonin's headquarters."

Unfortunately, in our difficult times (and the future will not become easier, judging by what is happening in the CSTO countries, and in all of them), it is quite possible that any of the readers (at least those of them who are an honest patriot of Russia, not necessarily Russian by nationality) will find itself in the same position in which the Tekins found themselves during and after the Kornilov events. I hope that in this case we will be able to act more successfully than they.
Author:
58 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Vitaly Tsymbal
    Vitaly Tsymbal 3 September 2020 18: 21 New
    +6
    The material is interesting, but the ending is alas, alas ...
    1. cost
      cost 3 September 2020 19: 08 New
      +7
      Yes, the ending let us down. It's a pity - the material is curious
      But we will not condemn - only the third article on the forum. And he has potential and author's style. Thanks, Iosifovich
  2. cost
    cost 3 September 2020 18: 24 New
    +7
    Teke (also teke, the name of the tribe comes from the ancient totem, teke, "mountain goat", the image of teke is also a totem and tamga) - one of the largest tribal groups within the Turkmen people. The historical settlement region is the south and center of Turkmenistan. Tekins came to the territory of modern Turkmenistan from Mangyshlak, settling in the foothills of the Kopetdag, in the oases of Merv and Akhal-Teke, where they were led by the leader Keimir Ker at the beginning of the 1714th century (1719-XNUMX).
    It is noteworthy that some of the Tekins continued to engage in nomadic cattle breeding, traditional for the Turks, and some switched to agriculture, which, apparently, was taken over from the autochthonous Iranian-speaking population assimilated by the Tekins in the river valleys and foothills. Therefore, the Tekins have long been divided into charva (nomadic pastoralists) and chomur (sedentary farmers). Often, even close relatives carried out a division of labor: some worked the land, while others grazed livestock, exchanging the products of their labor in the fall. Surrounded by hostile tribes, the Tekins were very attentive and caring towards their horses. They also supported a special local breed - the Akhal-Teke horse, which they treasured very much. In contrast to other nomadic Turkic peoples, the Tekins basically did not eat horse meat, preferring mutton.
    Inside the Tekin wagon. Photo by S.M. Prokudin-Gorsky, early XX century
    1. cost
      cost 3 September 2020 18: 37 New
      +9
      Turkmenian irregular cavalry division 1909 Photo by S.M. Prokudin-Gorsky


      ,
    2. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 3 September 2020 19: 08 New
      +5
      Судя по ракурсу снимка, некоторые современные "студии" сильно уступают "по площади" текинской кибитке. laughing
      1. cost
        cost 3 September 2020 19: 41 New
        +7
        It would be more correct not to ward, but Turkmen yurts. They are different. Shepherds with a brushwood roof - called chatma with a radius of about 2-2,5 meters. And there are large ones, called tamkepbe


        But the truth is they are not often met even in the 80s. Rural Turkmens live more in Eyvanakh - houses with a flat roof and a covered veranda
      2. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 3 September 2020 20: 40 New
        +3
        Quote: 3x3zsave
        Судя по ракурсу снимка, некоторые современные "студии" сильно уступают "по площади" текинской кибитке. laughing

        But this is inferior in terms of the number of inhabitants))
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 3 September 2020 20: 47 New
          +2
          Угу, ты видел шестнадцатиметровую "студию", в которой живут шесть человек?
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 3 September 2020 22: 02 New
            +3
            Not at all ... rather, this is an advanced communal apartment ... or a condensed one ..
    3. Iosifovich
      3 September 2020 21: 50 New
      +3
      Other Turkmen tribes were also divided into Charva and Chomur. The combination of nomadic pastoralism with oasis and river (in the valleys irrigated by rivers) agriculture is typical for many other peoples, including the Arabs (remember the fellahs and Bedouins).
  3. cost
    cost 3 September 2020 18: 41 New
    11
    Here it is the pride of Turkmenistan - the famous Alkhateke breed of horses





    and here is the equestrian of the Tekin regiment on the Alkhatekinets photo of the beginning of the century
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 3 September 2020 18: 53 New
      +5
      Beautiful horses! I don't understand them at all and I'm even afraid! But beautiful !!! good
      1. cost
        cost 3 September 2020 19: 22 New
        +9
        Ахалтекинская лошадь (Ахалтекинец, Akhal-teke, у конников просто текинец) – считается древнейшей чистокровной верховой породой, которая была выведена около 5 000 лет назад представителями древних цивилизаций Бактрии, Парфии, Гетами, проживавших на землях современного Туркменистана. Ахалтекинцы выделяются эффектным экстерьером. Отлично приспособлены к жизни и работе в условиях жаркого климата. Быстро акклиматизируются и в других погодных условиях, славятся своей выносливостью. Без проблем переносят жару, пьют мало воды. Выделяются изяществом форм, "змеиной" головой, красивыми, грациозными движениями. Любой человек, хоть однажды увидевший ахалтекинца, никогда больше не перепутает его с представителем другой породы.

        Akhal-Teke man decorates banknotes and the state emblem of Turkmenistan
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 3 September 2020 20: 30 New
          +5
          Quickly acclimatize in other weather conditions
          Ну фиг знает! Как по мне, они слишком "благородные". Порода "адуу" существует в температурном режиме от +30, до -40.
      2. cost
        cost 3 September 2020 21: 31 New
        +3
        Как по мне, они слишком "благородные"

        Greetings Anton
        Alkhatekin at the Victory Parade in Moscow in 2010.
      3. Iosifovich
        3 September 2020 23: 12 New
        +5
        A typical desert-steppe horse is slender, long-legged and with soft and smooth hair. In the northern forest countries, horses are shorter-legged and shaggy, you cannot gallop through the forest as much as across the steppe, and the selection for a long time was not so much for racing as for traction, so it should be strong, not slender.
    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 3 September 2020 19: 08 New
      +6
      Thanks to the author and the member of the forum, I read the article and comments with pleasure!
      On my own behalf, in continuation of Rich's historical reference, I will add. In Soviet historiography, the Turkmen met that the latter were bred by the descendants of the black hoods (Karakalpaks) of pre-Mongol Rus.
      Good evening everyone!
      1. cost
        cost 3 September 2020 20: 20 New
        +9
        Interesting fact the famous Russian and Soviet writer Vasily Yan (Yanchevetsky) was involved in the creation of the Tekinsky equestrian division,

        author of the famous trilogy "Genghis Khan", "Batu", "To the Last Sea" and others, who was in Askhabad in 1902-1904. an official for special assignments under the head of the Transcaspian region. This is what he reported to D.N. Logofet
        “The Tekinsky horse militia is a good military unit,” he wrote, “riding excellent horses. The service of the horsemen is exactly the same as that of our Cossack units. The officers ... are partly made of the same horsemen ... In general, the Turkmen are an excellent material for manning our cavalry. By its character, courage, honesty and concepts learned over the centuries, this nationality, especially desirable in the ranks of our army "
        1. cost
          cost 3 September 2020 20: 31 New
          +7
          From July 30, 1914 - July 7, 1915, the Turkmen cavalry regiment was commanded by Colonel (since February 23, 1915, Major General) S.I.Drozdovsky. It was under the command of Drozdowski that the Tekins covered themselves with glory in the Lodz and Transnistrian operations. About which the author for some reason does not write a word
        2. Iosifovich
          3 September 2020 21: 53 New
          +5
          Then not so much to the creation as to the development and obtaining the status of the regiment. That's how he praised the already existing police
          1. cost
            cost 3 September 2020 22: 24 New
            +5
            Hello Vasily.
            The regiment appeared much later, and Jan in 1903 wrote to Logofet his views on the expediency of transforming the irregular two-squadron equestrian division of the Tekin militia, created in 1892, into a full-fledged 4 squadron division, which actually became the forerunner of the regiment
            1. Iosifovich
              5 September 2020 23: 58 New
              +1
              I say that I contributed to the enlargement of the already existing militia squadron and then gaining the status of a regiment.
  4. cost
    cost 3 September 2020 18: 51 New
    +8
    The standard squadron of the Tekinsky Cavalry Regiment, led by the regiment commander Colonel S.P. Zykov (left), at the review of the 9th Army troops conducted by Emperor Nicholas II near Khotin.

    Warriors-Turkmen of the Tekin Horse Regiment






  5. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 3 September 2020 19: 34 New
    10
    ....., while Russian soldiers were mired in robberies and drunkenness, refused to fight and sent officers "to the headquarters of Dukhonin."

    For such a generalization, they poke their muzzle in - um, you understand what I mean !!! Already a century after the line that divided the country into red and white, and "society" is still looking for "extreme" and "guilty" !!! Especially considering that over a third of the Tekintsy voluntarily went over to the side of the revolution and fought with honor for its ideals! Later, they built socialism, fought during the Great Patriotic War - the author tries to convince himself first of all that the Russian soldier is a robber and a drunkard! They just forgot to add the mantra about raped Germans, Jews and Polkas !!! This position is characteristic of people with psychological flaws, who themselves and their parents, parents of their parents were robbers, drunkards and traitors. At the level - the hat is on fire on the thief!
    So, throwing out the thesis regarding my people, try to refute mine - your family up to the seventh generation is robbers, drunkards and sycophants !!! This does not in any century concern the Turkmen and Tekintsy, whom I sincerely respect! Go for it !!!
    Regards, Kote!
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 3 September 2020 21: 14 New
      +4
      They just forgot to add the mantra about raped Germans, Jews and Polkas !!!
      Vlad! To be honest, so-so, angry thesis. Especially regarding Jewish women ...
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 4 September 2020 00: 25 New
        +5
        Quote: 3x3zsave
        They just forgot to add the mantra about raped Germans, Jews and Polkas !!!
        Vlad! To be honest, so-so, angry thesis. Especially regarding Jewish women ...

        Pogrom in the town
        Grandma hides her grandchildren under the benches
        Drunken Cossacks run in, grandma to the floor and begin to tear off her clothes
        Children crawl out from under the bench and yell:
        "Cossacks, don't touch our bobe!"
        Those are out, and the grandmother says:
        - Sha, children, pogrom so pogrom!
    2. hohol95
      hohol95 3 September 2020 22: 51 New
      +6
      They just forgot to add the mantra about raped Germans, Jews and Polkas !!!

      Then the Kirghiz women, Kazakh women, Turkmen women, Uzbek women and Tajik women ...
    3. Iosifovich
      3 September 2020 23: 03 New
      +3
      Насчёт того, насколько добровольно текинцы, взятые в плен большевиками, перешли на их сторону - большой вопрос, и как они понимали революцию, будучи неграмотными, тоже. Во всяком случае, в Туркмении после революции и многих лет советской власти Первый секретарь ЦК Компартии Туркменской ССР Ниязов, как только представился случай, моментально превратился в Сердара и Вечно Великого Туркменбаши (от титула шаха скромно отказался, да) и, как положено атеисту-коммунисту, ввёл клятву на Коране, а также написал очень научно-коммунистическую книгу Рухнама. Вот такой социализм построился. Развал же русской армии в связи с революционными событиями - исторический факт и относится именно к русским солдатам того времени, а не ко всем предыдущим и последующим эпохам, так что "изнасилованные немки" 1945 года тут не при чём. А вот насчёт изнасилованных евреек - погромы были. Хотя разгулявшимся толпам дезертиров с оружием было по большому счёту всё равно, польку, еврейку или русскую насиловать. Какая подвернулась. И не дай Бог нам увидеть такой же хаос и развал. Если что, я тоже русский. Только я знаю, что в нашей истории был данный эпизод (позорные эпизоды можно найти в истории ЛЮБОГО народа, но сейчас речь не о тутси и хуту). А вот Дикую дивизию (см. мои предыдущие статьи) и Текинский полк развал не охватил, хотя конечно дикие туземцы не ангелы и в пансионе благородных девиц не учились. Но вроде никто их и не идеализировал.
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 4 September 2020 00: 28 New
        +4
        Quote: Iosifovich
        If anything, I'm Russian too. ...

        And I, too, only I am Isaakovich fellow
        1. Iosifovich
          4 September 2020 11: 28 New
          +5
          The Russians were baptized with Isaacs, in fact, and Josephs (remember Joseph Volotsky). In fact, by all the canons I am Russian. If you are talking about my patronymic associated with the nationality of my father, then this nationality is transmitted by my mother, not by my father, and for the passty people I am even more Russian. And yes, my great-great-grandfather on the mother's side was called Osip, that is, also Joseph.
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 4 September 2020 11: 54 New
            +2
            This is a joke, moreover, harmless - according to Halakha (set of Jewish laws) I am also Russian, but in life quite the opposite laughing But the children, or - Greek-Ukrainian Russians with Armenian admixtures - these are generally Great Russians fellow
    4. Obliterator
      Obliterator 5 September 2020 06: 57 New
      +2
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      Already a century after the line that divided the country into red and white, and "society" is still looking for "extreme" and "guilty" !!!

      Kotofey, the traces of the civil war cannot be erased from us in a good couple of hundred years. Too much shit happened to Russia in the 1917th century. There are now a lot of nationalists on the network who honor Krasnov and his company, and, in contrast to them, the rabid Reds, who believe that before XNUMX. in Russia there was no civilization in principle, and no symbols of tsarist times deserve revival, including the tricolor flag, coat of arms, orders and medals.
      I have two close friends who know each other, one is an ardent socialist and lover of the USSR period, the other is a convinced monarchist, fascinated by the history of the tsarist era. These two managed to make friends with each other without any quarrels and mutual pecking.
  6. Doliva63
    Doliva63 3 September 2020 20: 40 New
    0
    "Надеюсь, мы в таком случае сможем действовать более успешно, чем они."
    Красные снова "обуют" вас всех.
    1. Iosifovich
      3 September 2020 22: 19 New
      +1
      Глядя на современных красных (с их олигархическими совхозами и сектами Сурайкина, нацболов и т. д.) а также видя левых на Майдане (в т. ч. знакомых лично мне), понимаю, что !обуть" Россию смогут кто угодно, но не они.
      1. hohol95
        hohol95 3 September 2020 22: 49 New
        +4
        In addition to the indicated regiment, were there any Turkmen conscripts in the Russian Imperial Army?
        Или они, как киргизы и казахи не считали себя подданными "Белого Царя" и всячески сопротивлялись мобилизации в 1916 году?
        1. cost
          cost 3 September 2020 22: 59 New
          +6
          Yes they were.
          The regiment was called Tekin because it consisted of Tekins. But besides him, there were other Turkmen units. At the end of the 500th - beginning of the XNUMXth centuries. individual Turkmen tribes moved to the territory of the Russian Empire, making up the main nucleus of the present-day Astrakhan and Stavropol Turkmen. From the very beginning of their stay in the new lands, the Turkmen began to be involved here in participating in hostilities - carrying out border guards on the eastern and southern borders of the state. XNUMX horsemen were exhibited annually with their provisions, horses and fodder, which were placed at the disposal of the Astrakhan Cossack army.
          1. hohol95
            hohol95 3 September 2020 23: 07 New
            +4
            Thanks for clarifying! good
          2. Iosifovich
            3 September 2020 23: 41 New
            +3
            Here we see just an example of the acceptance of foreigners into the Cossacks, instead of being drafted into the army on a general basis. By the way, this was a frequent occurrence, ranging from Kalmyks in the Don Army and ending with Buryats in Transbaikal.
        2. Iosifovich
          3 September 2020 23: 37 New
          +3
          Народы Средней Азии именно призыву не подлежали. Так что могли служить только в своих милиционных частях. Но частей из киргизов и казахов (тогда говорили "дикокаменые киргизы" и "киргиз-кайсаки") не было, их могли правда поверстать в казаки, но тоже добровольно, и это было не очень часто. Хотя например у того же Корнилова казахские предки буквально на лице. Кстати, подданными Белого Царя они себя считали, но привыкли, что в армию их не призывают, плюс мобилизация на работы была плохо организована, без разъяснений и без обеспечения рабочих дружин переводчиками и необходимыми припасами. Не смотрели, кто земледелец, а кто кочевник (стало быть, копать не умеет или плохо умеет), гребли всех. Земледельцев забирали во время сбора урожая. Тем более, что киргизы не понимали целей войны и вообще, что происходит, они были неграмотными. С другой стороны, против мобилизации на работы активно агитировали муллы и турецкие агенты, которые естественно подстрекали к восстанию, а потом организовали басмачей (кстати, ещё Чокан Валиханов жаловался, что от государства назначают мулл даже тем киргиз-кайсакам, которые в Аллаха толком не верят, и скорее шаманисты, и которых можно было бы крестить, а так муллы только усиливают исламистские и протурецкие настроения). Если бы раньше создали милиционные части из киргизов и казахов, или хотя бы активнее верстали их в казаки, скорее всего и из них были бы боеспособные части. И думаю, даже восстаний 1916 года удалось бы избежать, если бы к мобилизации рабочей силы подходили более отвесттвенно.
      2. Doliva63
        Doliva63 4 September 2020 18: 48 New
        +2
        Quote: Iosifovich
        Глядя на современных красных (с их олигархическими совхозами и сектами Сурайкина, нацболов и т. д.) а также видя левых на Майдане (в т. ч. знакомых лично мне), понимаю, что !обуть" Россию смогут кто угодно, но не они.

        Rare case laughing My grandmother fought in the Kotovsky brigade - she was red. And the same Ulyanov-Lenin (with all due respect to him) was just a Bolshevik, but he was not a member of the Red Army, he was not red. The Reds are the military fist of the Bolsheviks, who were using military methods to solve their program. The entities listed by you whose program are being solved with the help of weapons? That's right, a draw, and they don't decide. If you are a little blunt, I'll chew my thought: when a party like the Bolsheviks appears in the Russian Federation and creates its own Red Army, their red army will be just as invincible - history will not understand any other way out laughing drinks
        1. Sergey Oreshin
          Sergey Oreshin 4 September 2020 19: 57 New
          +2
          And what do YOU ​​think, when will such a party appear?) And who will head it - someone from modern opposition figures or a person who is not yet known to anyone?
          1. Doliva63
            Doliva63 5 September 2020 19: 39 New
            0
            Quote: Sergey Oreshin
            And what do YOU ​​think, when will such a party appear?) And who will head it - someone from modern opposition figures or a person who is not yet known to anyone?

            Well, you can predict this, alas. request
        2. Obliterator
          Obliterator 5 September 2020 07: 05 New
          +2
          Quote: Doliva63
          If you are a little blunt, I'll chew my thought: when a party like the Bolsheviks appears in the Russian Federation and creates its own Red Army, their red army will be just as invincible - history will not understand any other way out

          When a party like the Bolsheviks appears in the Russian Federation, then, as an opponent of the historical Bolsheviks, I am very ready to follow it, provided that the policy there will be determined by state-minded people, that officials will be as purposeful as in the first years of Soviet power. ... IN AND. Lenin, like his party in the RSDLP (B), were cruel people, with liters of Russian blood on their hands, but at the same time in all seriousness trying to build a just society, where there would be no division between the poor and the rich.
          1. Doliva63
            Doliva63 5 September 2020 19: 44 New
            0
            Quote: Obliterator
            Quote: Doliva63
            If you are a little blunt, I'll chew my thought: when a party like the Bolsheviks appears in the Russian Federation and creates its own Red Army, their red army will be just as invincible - history will not understand any other way out

            When a party like the Bolsheviks appears in the Russian Federation, then, as an opponent of the historical Bolsheviks, I am very ready to follow it, provided that the policy there will be determined by state-minded people, that officials will be as purposeful as in the first years of Soviet power. ... IN AND. Lenin, like his party in the RSDLP (B), were cruel people, with liters of Russian blood on their hands, but at the same time in all seriousness trying to build a just society, where there would be no division between the poor and the rich.

            It means that I will follow you. drinks However, there will soon be a line laughing
          2. Iosifovich
            6 September 2020 00: 46 New
            0
            If the socialist statesmen can create any strong army, then it will be good. Only why should they not be like the Bolsheviks, precisely because with liters of Russian blood (I speak as Russian of Jewish origin), and not only Russian, their idea was from the very beginning a utopia, and they COULD NOT build a just society. And at all without dividing into poor and rich it is unrealistic at the moment, the main thing is to reduce the social contrast to an acceptable difference and equalize before the law, despite the difference in means.
        3. Iosifovich
          6 September 2020 00: 07 New
          0
          Well, the Red Army cannot repeat itself. The people have already become smarter and quieter than then. Plus, do not forget that the Red Army used forcible mobilization and detachments with machine guns according to Trotsky (they are incorrectly transferred to the Second World War, when the detachments only performed the same functions as the German feljandarms). If someone now tries to do this, machine guns will not help him, everyone will simply surrender to the enemy or rebel. Again, the average age of a man is now much older than it was then, and there are not so many young people (and also unsettled ones) that are easy to promote.
        4. Iosifovich
          6 September 2020 00: 41 New
          0
          Kotovsky's grandfather's elder brother, by the way, was a divisional doctor. And here one of the factors of the victory of the Reds is visible - grandfather and, accordingly, his brothers were Jews, and at one time their family barely escaped from the pogrom, moreover, grandfather's brother had to overcome the percentage rate to study. Therefore, it is quite understandable that he was naturally for the Reds, and not for the Whites, like so many Jews, who are not stupid and very efficient people, moreover, at that time, they were already 100% literate, therefore, he held leading positions and organized (Trotsky-Bronstein again, remember, and other Bolshevik leaders). Now there are very few Jews left in Russia, no one is persecuting them, there are no pogroms and the Pale of Settlement, and those of them who are dissatisfied with the situation are more likely to leave for Israel, and those who are satisfied will not fight for anyone and are not inclined to serve. in the Red Army 2.0. Or he is an extremely unpopular oligarch among the people or simply an unpopular navalist (there are a lot of them among the liberals, yes, but the people do not like liberals), after whom no one will follow in the Red Army 2.0. A popular and potential Jewish leader is Satanovsky, but he is very far from Bolshevism, besides, he is no longer the same age and health. And yes, grandfather's older brother was certainly shot in '38, and by no means him alone. Knowing this, an intelligent person NOW will not cooperate with the Bolsheviks 2.0, he does not want to be shot for all the good, and THEN the Reds of 17-8 did not know what would happen in 37-8. Another factor is that now women have all the rights, and they are in judicial and ministerial positions. So the Reds no longer look like fighters for women's rights, and Anok the machine-gunners and Zemlyachki will no longer be in such numbers (although Zemlyachki can be realized among liberals and Navalnists, we will remember Novodvorskaya, and Anki can become Tonki). In short, there really is no such red entity that could form such an army, and I think it's good that not, otherwise the revolution will devour its children, and this time the country will no longer stand it.
  7. Aviator_
    Aviator_ 4 September 2020 07: 54 New
    +1
    Interesting article. Respect to the author. At first I was surprised how Lermontov could serve in this regiment, then I remembered that he had Tengin regiment.
  8. Sergey Oreshin
    Sergey Oreshin 4 September 2020 17: 16 New
    +2
    Так всё просто почему Текинский полк не затронуло "разложение". Потому что там служили ДОБРОВОЛЬЦЫ. То есть люди, которые сознательно, добровольно решили пойти повоевать. А кто не хотел - тот дома сидел, по пустыне кочевал, барашка кушал.
    А русских мужиков не спрашивали, хотят ли они идти воевать. Просто гребли насильно. И очевидно, что большая часть простых русских мужиков воевать не хотела. Не нужна была русскому мужику Галиция Проливы и крест на Софии (сразу вспоминается классика - Аркадий Гайдар: "Да на кой ляд тебе Константинополь? Картошку туда, что ли, повезешь продавать?"). Русскому мужику нужна была земля у себя на Орловщине, Ярославщине, Новгородчине, Рязанщине.
    1. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 4 September 2020 20: 09 New
      +1
      The Latvian regiments, which did so much for the Soviet power, were also volunteers. And they saw well what the nationalists did to their relatives with the help of the Kaiser Germans, when the Soviet power was suppressed in the Baltic states.
      1. Sergey Oreshin
        Sergey Oreshin 4 September 2020 20: 12 New
        +4
        Well, it's another matter with the Latvians. First, they had long-standing feuds with the Germans, the Latvian peasants hated the German barons. Secondly, in 1915 the Germans invaded the Baltic States, and the Latvians defended their homes and families from them.
        А как думал великорусский мужик? "Мы - орловские/тамбовские/пензенские, до нас немец не дойдет! Ну и какого рожна нам гнить в окопах в Курляндии? Айда домой, помещичью землю делить!"
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 4 September 2020 20: 17 New
          +3
          In an amicable way, this land had to be divided earlier, without bringing the matter to an independent redistribution, as at first it was in 1905, but in 1917 it was continued. But - class interest, how then can you crunch French rolls in Nice? Well, explain to the Great Russian peasant that first you need to conquer the Bosphorus with the Dardanelles, and he will receive the land. Later. May be. Half. - Did not work out.
          1. Sergey Oreshin
            Sergey Oreshin 4 September 2020 20: 24 New
            +3
            On the whole, I agree with you. The agrarian reform in the Russian Empire was hopelessly late, which led to tragic consequences.
            Ну и да - пропаганда в годы ПМВ была поставлена из рук вон плохо. Читал воспоминания генерала Юрия Данилова, он вспоминал о своей беседе с Брусиловым. И Брусилов признался: вот поговоришь с пленными немцами, австрийцами - каждый знает, за что он воюет и почему. Поговоришь с союзниками (сербами, французами, англичанами) - то же самое, каждый может сказать, ради чего он на фронте. А поговоришь с нашими солдатами - беда....в лучшем случае скажут что-то вроде: "Ну дак...убили его значитца, австрийского-то эрц-перц-мерц, герцога то, Франца там, али Фердинанда. Ну, австрияки на сербов и напали. А мы, стал быть, пошли сербов защищать"
            1. Aviator_
              Aviator_ 4 September 2020 20: 29 New
              0
              Brusilov in the summer of 1917 was appointed the Kerensky commander-in-chief of the troops, and even returned the death penalty at the front for failure to comply with the order. But after a couple of weeks, he became convinced that even with such a measure it was impossible to restore the combat effectiveness of the army, and resigned.
            2. Iosifovich
              6 September 2020 00: 54 New
              +1
              In general, our people were illiterate, while the Allies and the Germans were 100% literate, so we could not have such propaganda. Moreover, the peasant's geography was bad, he did not understand that a German could even reach Tambov if he did not interfere (he reached Kursk and Orel, occupied the Don Cossack Region). In the Second World War, with a literate people, it was already clear, and even then not everyone.
        2. Iosifovich
          6 September 2020 00: 51 New
          +2
          At the same time, the landlord's land was almost gone, and only those landowners who had either orchards or intensive livestock farms and cheese dairies were not ruined, the rest of the land had already been sold. And the redistribution of the landlord's land was almost no arable land for the peasants. And before the results of the Stolypin reform, there were still 20 calm years, which fate did not give. Of course, it's a pity that the Stolypin reform was not started at the turn of the century, but only after 1905. If they had started earlier, then by the time of WWI it would have already yielded results.
          1. Sergey Oreshin
            Sergey Oreshin 6 September 2020 17: 21 New
            +3
            What are we talking about! On the good, the agrarian reform should have begun at the beginning of the 1890s. Whereas, by the mid-1910s. would be the result
  9. nnz226
    nnz226 11 October 2020 12: 13 New
    0
    Описывая холодное оружие текинцев, лучше бы руководствоваться принципом: "лучше один раз увидеть, чем семь раз прочитать" ! Понятно, что можно найти картинки клинков в интернете. Но также можно было в статью эти картинки и включить...