Military Review

Ukraine has modernized the Kolchuga complexes for the Azerbaijani army

31

Ukrainian enterprises have successfully repaired and modernized the Kolchuga complexes for the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan. This technique is an automated radio intelligence station (SRP).


This is reported by the "Ukrainian military portal".

Baku received the "Kolchuga" SRP according to the agreement signed in 2012. Exactly how many complexes were sent to Azerbaijan is unknown, because in 2014, the contract was not yet executed, a coup d'etat took place in Ukraine, and Donetsk, where the manufacturer was located, became the capital of the independent Donetsk People's Republic (DPR). Thus, the Topaz plant, which produced the Kolchuga stations and the Mandat electronic warfare systems, ceased to be Ukrainian.

Therefore, the Donetsk manufacturing enterprise did not participate in the repair and modernization of the Azerbaijani stations. These works were carried out through Ukrspetsexport. It was not reported which enterprises were contracted to carry out repairs and modernization.

SRR "Kolchuga" is equipped with five antennas of meter, decimeter and centimeter ranges, which provide high radio audibility within 110-155 dB / W, depending on the frequency. The station's passive radar facilities allow it to detect ground targets and track their movement within a radius of 600 kilometers, and air targets at an altitude of 10 kilometers - at a distance of up to 800 kilometers. Due to the absence of active radiation, the "Kolchuga" cannot be detected by enemy electronic reconnaissance means.

After the loss of Donetsk, Ukraine did not manage to establish the production of these stations at other production facilities. For the last three years a private enterprise has been developing a new version of Kolchuga.
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/, Kerri-Jo Stewart
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  1. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 28 August 2020 12: 01 New
    -2
    Ukraine has modernized the Kolchuga complexes for the Azerbaijani army
    For God's sake. Well, there is no need for stealth coverage, and so the Armenian SS will be invisible.
    1. LiSiCyn
      LiSiCyn 28 August 2020 12: 11 New
      +4
      Sarcasm? what
      SRR and radar are two big differences. And by the way, SRP makes it possible to detect what the radar did not detect.
    2. the finish
      the finish 28 August 2020 12: 35 New
      +1
      By the way! Russian TV channels returned in Armenia.
      1. Sefevi2020
        Sefevi2020 28 August 2020 14: 28 New
        +1
        Quote: finish
        By the way! Russian TV channels returned in Armenia

        Not. Not returned. Trust them, they are more interested in Azerbaijan TV and the Internet. Go to Facebook and look at any news portals, Armenians answer more than Azerbaijanis themselves)))
    3. megavolt823
      megavolt823 28 August 2020 13: 59 New
      +1
      Even crappy air defenses. Can make life much more difficult. And the mention in one sentence, Ukraine and air defense is almost always a tragedy. Downed over the Black Sea, Malaysian Boeing, in South Ossetia.
    4. Sefevi2020
      Sefevi2020 28 August 2020 14: 27 New
      +1
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      so the Armenian SU invisible will be

      for Armenian Sushki, Kolchuga is not needed. There are enough air defense systems in Azerbaijan.
  2. Reserve buildbat
    Reserve buildbat 28 August 2020 12: 02 New
    0
    Now these "Kolchugas" will dance and hum "schenyuvmerla"?
  3. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 28 August 2020 12: 15 New
    0
    Guys of Azerbaijan, what a grief Kalchuga until you grease it with lard does not work. So you only have to fight on it at night. Better take it from us or the Jews. wassat
    1. Sefevi2020
      Sefevi2020 28 August 2020 15: 09 New
      +2
      Quote: tralflot1832
      Better take it from us or the Jews.


      ● R-934UM2 "Groza-S" (Belarus)

      ● Mobile radar 80K6M - (Ukraine)

      ● Station "Kolchuga" - (Ukraine)

      ● Radar EL / M-2080 Green Pine - (Israel)

      ● Radar EL / M-2288 AD-STAR (Israel)

      ● Radar ELM-2106NG (Israel)

      ● ARSR-4 radar (USA)

      ● P-18PMU radar

      ● P-19MA radar

      ● P-37 radar

      ● P-40 radar

      ● Radar 5N84A

      ● Radar 19Zh6

      ● Radar 22Zh6

      ● Radar PRV-13

      ● Radar PRV-16

      ● Radar PRV-17

      ● Radar "Fara-PV"
      1. tralflot1832
        tralflot1832 28 August 2020 15: 14 New
        +2
        This is what an independent state means. hi
  4. zyablik.olga
    zyablik.olga 28 August 2020 12: 22 New
    +5
    In general, passive reconnaissance stations are very useful, but it should be understood that they must work in conjunction with other means of detecting air targets. They cannot issue target designation on their own.
    1. ccsr
      ccsr 28 August 2020 13: 08 New
      0
      Quote: zyablik.olga
      In general, passive reconnaissance stations are very useful,

      In fact, this is the standard equipment of the OSNAZ units, and is in service with the brigades and regiments of the R and RTR. By the way, the Kursk branch of the GRU Research Institute was involved in their creation in Soviet times, so there are no Ukrainian developments there - all this was not done in Ukraine, they only assembled the product itself.
      The Kolchuga station was designed in the 1980s. It was started at the Kursk Military Institute of the GRU of the USSR. At the same time, the main ideas of the complex were laid: passive radar in the entire frequency range [3]. In 1987, the documentation for the station was transferred to the Topaz plant in Donetsk.



      Quote: zyablik.olga
      They cannot issue target designation on their own.

      And they are forbidden to do this for the purposes of the secrecy regime - do not confuse the equipment of reconnaissance battalions and OSNAZ regiments, because these are different levels of reconnaissance.
      1. bayard
        bayard 28 August 2020 14: 37 New
        0
        During my time, our OSNAZ group worked on the "Ramon", and what is interesting, they spotted regular planes before our heavy radars.
        1. ccsr
          ccsr 28 August 2020 19: 10 New
          0
          Quote: bayard
          During my time, our OSNAZ group worked at "Ramona",

          "Ramona" and "Tamara" were made in Czechoslovakia and they were good products for the technical characteristics of that time. Of course, have you spotted planes before - passive reconnaissance stations have advantages over radars in this regard.
          1. bayard
            bayard 29 August 2020 00: 34 New
            0
            Yes, "Ramona" was a Czechoslovak station, it detected the aircraft by the triangulation method almost over Tehran, after passing the first geo-point and getting in touch, our radars were taken two or three minutes later.
      2. zyablik.olga
        zyablik.olga 29 August 2020 08: 27 New
        0
        Quote: ccsr
        And they are forbidden to do this for the purposes of the secrecy regime - do not confuse the equipment of reconnaissance battalions and OSNAZ regiments, because these are different levels of reconnaissance.

        And they are not capable of this, as well as two-coordinate radars of the meter range.
        1. ccsr
          ccsr 29 August 2020 09: 32 New
          0
          Quote: zyablik.olga
          And they are not capable of this, as well as two-coordinate radars of the meter range.

          I will not argue about Kolchuga, but in principle it is possible to implement a direct exchange of information between reconnaissance and combat units of the army. But organizationally, this cannot be done, if only due to the fact that an evaluation structure is needed in the form of an army command and intelligence center, and, accordingly, the secrecy of reconnaissance does not allow doing this. That is why the creators of Kolchuga were not asked to create the possibility of a direct exchange of information with combat units of the ground forces.
          1. Bongo
            Bongo 29 August 2020 19: 17 New
            +2
            Quote: ccsr
            I will not argue about Kolchuga, but in principle it is possible to implement a direct exchange of information between reconnaissance and combat units of the army. But organizationally, this cannot be done, if only due to the fact that an evaluation structure is needed in the form of an army command and intelligence center, and, accordingly, the secrecy of reconnaissance does not allow doing this. That is why the creators of Kolchuga were not asked to create the possibility of a direct exchange of information with combat units of the ground forces.

            You confuse the technical and organizational parts a little. Olya is talking about the fact that radars of the meter range, such as the P-18 and P-14, as well as passive locating devices, due to their characteristics, are not capable of independently issuing target designation to air targets without combat mode stations or PRVs. I do not know in which link the Kolchuga is operated, but for example, the Czechoslovak-made Ramona-M station deployed on the coast in Olga Bay directly transmitted information to the command post of the 11th Air Defense OA, and there was no talk at all about interaction with the army air defense.
            1. ccsr
              ccsr 29 August 2020 19: 28 New
              -1
              Quote: Bongo
              You confuse the technical and organizational parts a little.

              I am not confusing anything, because the organizational part of reconnaissance is very different from everything that exists in the Ground Forces in terms of organizing interaction - it is a closed structure that does not allow information leakage and disclosure of its work.
              Quote: Bongo
              I do not know in which link the Kolchuga is operated,

              I mentioned this earlier - you just inattentively read my text.
              Quote: Bongo
              but for example, the Czechoslovak-made Ramona-M station deployed on the coast in Olga Bay directly transmitted information to the command post of the 11th Air Defense OA,

              So the radio-technical units of the air defense used what was developed in the interests of the GRU General Staff and, moreover, the electronic warfare service also used reconnaissance equipment, so there is nothing surprising in this.
              Quote: Bongo
              and there was no talk at all about interaction with the army air defense.

              The osnaz regiments of army subordination were armed with "Kolchuga" and could, in principle, issue data not only to air defense units, but also to those who could use it for their own purposes at the army level. But this was not done precisely because of organizational restrictions - they were the main ones, and not the technical ability to transmit target designations.
              1. Bongo
                Bongo 29 August 2020 19: 40 New
                +2
                The Ramona-M station was operated by the personnel of the radio technical regiment of the 11th Air Defense OA, which also had the P-37 and PRV-17 radars. There were no special problems with secrecy. With regard to the possibility of issuance target designation a separate station, I repeat - passive stations, like the first-generation meter-band radar for this independently not capable. no
                1. ccsr
                  ccsr 29 August 2020 19: 58 New
                  -2
                  Quote: Bongo
                  The Ramona-M station was operated by the personnel of the radio technical regiment of the 11th Air Defense OA, which also had the P-37 and PRV-17 radars. There were no special problems with secrecy.

                  You are simply confusing the country's air defense and the air defense of the Land Forces of the Soviet period, and they have a difference even in organizational subordination, including in terms of district subordination. There were no problems with secrecy in the air defense, because it was a separate branch of the armed forces, which was not subordinate to anyone except its Commander-in-Chief, in contrast to the air defense of the Ground Forces.


                  Quote: Bongo
                  As for the possibility of issuing target designation to a separate target, I repeat - passive stations, like the first-generation meter-band radars, are not capable of this on their own.

                  So this task was not set for them, because the general customer for the RTR equipment was the GRU General Staff, and they developed it for themselves. "Ramona" was ordered by the GRU - do you know about that?
                  1. Bongo
                    Bongo 29 August 2020 20: 14 New
                    +3
                    Quote: ccsr
                    You are simply confusing the country's air defense and the air defense of the Land Forces of the Soviet period, and they have a difference even in organizational subordination, including in terms of district subordination.

                    How did you decide that I'm confusing? I'm talking about how it really was.
                    Quote: ccsr
                    "Ramona" was ordered by the GRU - do you know about that?

                    But in Primorye, this station was used by the country's air defense forces. And it doesn't matter who the customer is, passive reconnaissance stations are physically unable to issue target designation.
                    1. ccsr
                      ccsr 29 August 2020 20: 26 New
                      -1
                      Quote: Bongo
                      I'm talking about how it really was.

                      Did you serve in air defense units of the Ground Forces? Or maybe you are not aware that two schools in Kiev trained air defense specialists - KVIRTU for the country's air defense, and KVIZRU for the air defense of the Ground Forces. Probably not in vain they cooked according to different programs.
                      Quote: Bongo
                      And it doesn't matter who the customer is, passive reconnaissance stations are physically unable to issue target designation.

                      Before claiming this, take an interest in the history of the creation of the "Ram" for divisional reconnaissance battalions, where the possibility of data transmission was already laid:
                      In 1972, a draft TTZ was developed for carrying out, in accordance with the Decree of the Central Committee of the CPSU and the Council of Ministers of the USSR No. 76-36 of February 4, 1971, the ROC "Taran-1", on the basis of the R&D "Taran" (the deadline for the completion of the ROC, by decree established in 1976).
                      During the research, the technical requirements for such devices as on-board computers, communication and data transmission equipment, topographic georeferencing equipment, electrical units, air conditioner. These technical requirements were communicated to the customer with a request to recommend appropriate specific types of devices available or under development.
  5. APASUS
    APASUS 28 August 2020 12: 23 New
    +1
    Not too long to complete the contract?
    Baku received the "Kolchuga" SRP according to the agreement signed in 2012.
    1. rotmistr60
      rotmistr60 28 August 2020 12: 47 New
      0
      Not too long to complete the contract?
      What opportunities, such are the terms. You can't explain it otherwise.
  6. Ryaruav
    Ryaruav 28 August 2020 12: 26 New
    0
    What kind of specialists stayed, yes, but where is the change where the ay in the EU is scrubbing?
    1. Vladimir61
      Vladimir61 28 August 2020 13: 27 New
      +2
      For the last three years a private enterprise has been developing a new version of Kolchuga.
      In 2014, the Topaz management fled from Donetsk, taking the documentation for the development, and there were many of them since the days of the USSR. But, even before that, it was practiced to create an emergency, under the roof of management, from the leading employees of individual design directions, who, using the developments and the production base of the enterprise, tried to fuse something to someone under the guise of conversion. These rogues are engaged in modernization.
  7. Fikusnat
    Fikusnat 28 August 2020 14: 27 New
    +4
    The news is probably good for Azerbaijan, but the photo shows Turkmenistan, Ashgabat, Central Square. Flags of turkmenistan. The building Ruhyet Koshgi in the background.
    1. Kuzmitsky
      4 September 2020 20: 53 New
      0
      Bravo! Amazing observation! Indeed, the photo shows the central square of Ashgabat and the festive parade. And the very "Kolchugas" are walking along the square.
  8. Ivan Tixiy
    Ivan Tixiy 28 August 2020 15: 26 New
    0
    "Ukraine has modernized the Kolchuga complexes for the Azerbaijani army" they were painted in a blakyt color and installed on Krazy, the price increased significantly
  9. Bongo
    Bongo 29 August 2020 20: 27 New
    +2
    Quote: ccsr
    Of course, have you spotted planes before - passive reconnaissance stations have advantages over radars in this regard.

    But in terms of the accuracy of determining the coordinates and speed, they were inferior to radars.