The small-sized machine AM-17 is a further development of the small-sized machine MA, created by the designer Evgeny Fedorovich Dragunov back in the late 1970s. Forty years later, the design of the Dragunov assault rifle found a second life. Within the framework of the Army-2016 forum, Izhevsk gunsmiths showed an updated version of MA. The small-sized automatic machine AM-17 became a logical continuation of the previously presented model. His debut to the general public took place in 2017.
Since then, the process of refinement and improvement has continued. weapons... It is known that the preliminary factory tests of the novelty have been completed. Ahead are state tests and the prospect of serial production of the machine. Many experts believe that the AM-17 will be able to replace the obsolete AKS-74U assault rifles in the troops, and it will also appeal to various Russian law enforcement agencies: the FSB, the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Russian Guard, the FSO, etc.
The history of the appearance of the machine AM-17
The new Izhevsk assault rifle is rooted in the development of the famous Soviet weapons designer Evgeny Fedorovich Dragunov. This constructor, forever included in history domestic small arms as the creator of the SVD sniper rifle, worked not only on army and sporting rifles. Back in the late 1970s, he designed the AM machine gun, which could be called unique for its time.
There is an opinion that AM was developed within the framework of the Modern competition, which ultimately won the AKS-74U assault rifle, but this is not the case. The development of the MA machine was carried out by TsNIITOCHMASH specialists within a completely separate topic. The new automatic weapon, according to the press service of the Kalashnikov group of companies, was developed as part of the creation of a "small-sized machine gun with extensive use of plastic." For its time, it was a unique example of Soviet small arms.
Larry Vickers with an MA, summer 2016
What made the MA submachine gun stand out among all other models of the Russian weapons school? According to experts, the first important difference of the model was the design of the receiver. To put it as simply as possible, all the most important components of the assault rifle, the bolt, the bolt carrier, the barrel, the return mechanism, were "suspended" on the original form of a metal plate, which was the upper part of the receiver and the basis of the design of the new assault rifle. In turn, only the trigger mechanism remained in the lower part.
Many may rightly ask: what is so special about it? The answer to this question is quite simple. Dragunov presented the most logical and perhaps the only way to significantly reduce the weight of the machine. All samples of domestic small arms, including the SVD sniper rifle, differed in a different layout. On them, the receiver in the literal sense was somewhat reminiscent of an ordinary box. You take off the lid, and under it, as if at the "bottom" of a real box, was all the contents: the barrel mount, the bolt, the trigger. This arrangement was time-tested, but had one significant drawback: such small arms were extremely difficult to facilitate. The designers simply could not get away from the very "box" in which everything was located.
Traditional weapons had another important drawback. It included the difficulty of installing various modern sights - not only optical, but also collimator. Such sights were installed from above. And it was here on the traditional models of Soviet small arms that the receiver cover was located, which was easily removed. It was on the cover that all the optics were installed. And then the question naturally arose: will not such sights constantly play and get confused during the operation of the weapon?
MA assault rifle with folded stock
The layout of the new machine gun designed by Dragunov solved this problem, since the optics were placed on the very "plate" on which the bolt and barrel were fixed, backlash was simply excluded here. At the same time, the entire lower part of the box could be made of lightweight materials: impact-resistant plastic or aluminum. The latter made it possible to significantly reduce the weight of the machine.
In the 1970s, the technical solutions proposed by Evgeny Dragunov were not appreciated at their true worth, and the MA machine gun was recorded as not the most successful samples. Already assembled models lay for more than 40 years in the storage of the design and weapons center, until they were again paid attention to. Already in the XXI century, the MA in a new reincarnation was able to find a second life.
Features of the small-sized machine AM-17
The AM-17, like its predecessor MA, is a modern model of small arms, in the creation of which advanced technologies are used. As noted in the Kalashnikov group of companies, the AM-17 assault rifle was completely designed using digital technologies. The "electronic model" of the Izhevsk novelty fully complies with all the physical components. The development of the AM-17 assault rifle was carried out in a single digital environment.
Remembering the MA machine gun, the Izhevsk gunsmiths in a short time created two new models of small arms: AM-17 and AMB-17 (for silent shooting). They managed to realize the very advantages of the design that Evgeny Fedorovich Dragunov laid in his development. Thanks to this, the AM-17 assault rifle weighs only 2,5 kg, which is a kilogram less than conventional AK and less than the weight of the well-known shortened AKS-74U assault rifle (2,7 kg) with a folding stock.
Experts note that the new AM-17 assault rifle made it possible to correct almost all the shortcomings that were inherent in the AKS-74U model. This assault rifle is still a formidable and fully functional weapon, but it is already morally outdated. While retaining its compact dimensions, the new AM-17 assault rifle can accommodate a full-length Picatinny rail. Thanks to this, the model can easily be fitted with the most modern optical and collimator sights.
On the muzzle of the AM-17 barrel, as on other models of Kalashnikov assault rifles, you can see a flame arrester compensator, which makes the fighter more invisible when firing at dusk and at night. Like any Kalashnikov assault rifle, the novelty is able to fire in two modes: automatic (bursts) and single shots. An important feature of the novelty is the ergonomics and ease of use of weapons for both right-handed and left-handed people. The designers made the fuse and the translator of fire modes double-sided, and the bolt handle can be easily placed on either side of the AM-17 small-sized machine gun.
The new small-sized machine is made with the wide use of modern high-impact polymers, which made it possible to significantly reduce its weight. The manufacturer claims a weight of only 2,5 kg (without cartridges). In addition to its low weight, the important advantages of the new item are its intuitive ergonomics and simplicity and ease of use of the weapon in any position. The rifle butt is also made of polymers. The stock can be easily adjusted in length based on the shooter's anthropometric data. Its key element is a tubular part, which is attached to the receiver of the machine using a hinge device. According to the AM-17 developers, the soldier will be able to fire from the weapon even with the stock folded, while the fighter will not experience any difficulties.
An early version of the AM-17 assault rifle disassembled
The total length of the new small-sized machine gun AM-17 is comparable to the AKS-74U (730 mm) and is 740 mm, with the stock folded, the length is identical - 490 mm. Both machines are designed for the 5,45x39 mm cartridge. At the same time, the novelty received a longer barrel - 230 mm versus 206,5 mm on the AKS-74U. This should positively affect the ballistic characteristics of the new model. The AM-17 is equipped with a traditional 30-round box magazine. A distinctive feature of the store is the presence of transparent windows that allow you to estimate the number of remaining cartridges.
As noted by Russian weapons experts, the new product from the Kalashnikov group of companies is more effective than the AKS-74U, as it is made from new materials and has great potential for waging combat in urban conditions, including indoors. At the same time, the machine gun is a limited-action weapon; maneuverability comes to the fore when using such a weapon. In addition to the security forces, such weapons will be in demand by crews of armored vehicles, as well as combat helicopters and aircraft.