Military Review

From components to robots. Development of VNII "Signal" at "Army-2020"

From components to robots. Development of VNII "Signal" at "Army-2020"
One of the serial guidance drives. Photo by VNII "Signal"

The All-Russian Scientific Research Institute Signal Joint Stock Company (Kovrov, Vladimir Region), which is part of the High Precision Complexes holding, celebrates its 65th anniversary this year. In the jubilee year, the enterprise once again participates in the Army Forum and demonstrates its latest developments. It is noteworthy that we are talking about both independent systems and components for various complexes.

Component base

One of the main activities of VNII "Signal" is various types of electronic and electromechanical systems. At "Army-2020", such developments are present at the stand of the institute and as part of equipping real samples of military equipment.

Thus, "Signal" develops and manufactures guidance drives for various systems, incl. air defense complexes. The newest developments of this kind are control devices for anti-aircraft systems of the Pantsir family - several of these products are presented at Army-2020. New versions of drives are being developed for the following modifications of the "Shell".

ZRPK "Pantsir-SM" - equipped with actuators manufactured by "Signal". Photo by Rostec

The drives from VNII "Signal" are used on the A-190 and A-192M ship mountings. In ground artillery, such devices are installed on the Msta-S self-propelled guns and the Smerch MLRS. Compact drives for Ka-52 helicopters have been developed. Development of new samples is underway. In particular, electric drives for the uninhabited tower of the main tank T-14.

Another area of ​​activity is navigation systems. The latest development in this area is the line of strapdown inertial navigation systems already used in the design of military equipment. For the first time in domestic practice, a navigation system has been created adapted to the conditions of the Arctic. This product is intended for the northern version of "Pantsir" and is capable of operating in a wide range of climatic conditions, as well as in high latitudes.

Another route-navigation system is being developed, which is already classified as a new generation. It will be based on a tablet computer with a touch screen and special software. The system will have a terrain visualization function; work with the map and the solution of topographic and geodetic problems are proposed to be carried out using graphic elements.

"Pantsir-SA" - carriers of drives and the latest navigation system from VNII "Signal". Photo by AP RF

Electronics for gunners

In 2019, the state tests of a promising complex of automated artillery control equipment KSAU-MN "Tablet-A" were carried out. Now VNII "Signal" is preparing for serial production and delivery of such equipment to the troops. In addition, an export look has been developed for this system, which ensures the integration of various components and interaction with various artillery systems.

KSAU-MN "Tablet-A" includes several components and is built around a compact tablet computer. The latter provides the collection of all the necessary information and automatic generation of data for shooting. The complex is intended for use by commanders of guns, batteries and divisions. With its help, fire control is provided for artillery systems of all classes and types, ranging from 82-mm mortars. High autonomy of work is ensured: the computer has its own batteries and can be recharged from batteries in a carrying case.

Work has already begun to improve the "Tablet-A". In particular, the possibilities for the interaction of the KSAU-MN with unmanned aerial vehicles are improving. In the future, "Tablet-A" will be able to work with ground-based robotic reconnaissance systems or other systems. The developments on the new KSAU-MN can find application in the deep modernization of existing complexes of this kind.

Components of KSAU-MP "Tablet-A". Photo

Transparent armor

VNII Signal already has experience in creating robotic systems on platforms of serial armored vehicles. At Army-2020, he presents a new development in this area - the BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicle with the Parallax monitoring and control complex.

During the modernization, the standard controls were supplemented with remote control devices. There are also vision aids and an automatic control system. Depending on the requirements of the situation, such a BMP-3 can move along the route under the control of a driver or a remote operator, or completely independently. Armament and troop compartment remained the same.

The main innovation of the Parallax project is a system of supervisory terrain survey or "transparent armor". The video signal from cameras along the BMP-3 perimeter is processed and sent to the operator's virtual reality glasses. Turret rotation is controlled by turning the head, and fire control is carried out from a separate remote control. This is the first domestic development in the field of "transparent armor", brought to practical implementation and testing.

Forest fire truck PM-160 - VNII "Signal" turned it into a RTK. Photo by Rostec

The developers point out that the BMP-3 "Parallax" is a technology demonstrator and is not intended to be put into service. With the help of this and other experimental machines, Signal plans to develop promising technologies with a view to further implementation in new projects.

Work for robots

VNII "Signal" represents at the "Army" several other RTKs for different purposes, incl. already known to the public and experts. So, once again show the RTK demining "Pass". This car was first demonstrated in 2015, and by now all work has been completed. Permission to start serial production was obtained. An export modification will be created by the end of the year.

The developments on the RTK theme were used in the project of the Pioneer fire extinguishing vehicle. This is a PM-160 tracked forest fire vehicle with a set of remote controls; the standard cabin has been preserved. The control center is mounted in a UAZ-3909 van and allows working at a distance of up to 1 km. The Pioneer retains all the functions of the basic PM-160, but is capable of operating without a person on board, which reduces the risks for firefighters.

RTC demining "Passage". Photo by VNII "Signal"

Together with the GAZ Group, VNII Signal developed the Ural-Next robotic truck. With the help of this technique, the technology of the automated movement of vehicles in a column was developed. The first in such a convoy is a remote-controlled truck controlled by an operator. It is automatically followed by other vehicles fully controlled by the automation. Equipment with such equipment should seriously simplify road transport in various areas, incl. in the army.

Ready and promising

The activities of VNII "Signal" cover a number of important areas necessary for the current rearmament and further development of the armed forces. Finished products and components for foreign products are produced, and fundamentally new samples are created and promising technologies are being developed.

The results of such work over the past few years are being demonstrated at the current forum "Army-2020". At the same time, the demonstrated developments are at different stages - from research and demonstration of technologies, like Parallax, to launching a series, like Passage or Tablet-A. All this shows both the process of modernization of the army, and the participation in it of the All-Union Scientific Research Institute "Signal" and its allies.
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  1. VicktorVR
    VicktorVR 25 August 2020 06: 00
    Components of KSAU-MP "Tablet-A".

    It is difficult to see, but it looks like the connectors "on the screws". How to twist these screws in the field? To carry a screwdriver with a finger? And if you are lost?
    It would be necessary to come up with some kind of latches, simple and reliable.
    Provide rubber caps for jacks and connectors, as in old phones.
    1. Alex 2020
      Alex 2020 25 August 2020 07: 15
      The main thing nowadays is not practicality, but window dressing! Therefore, it has what we have ... unfortunately. The projects are good, and the execution is as always. And the screwdriver is in a special compartment of the box. But you still need to find it and not lose it)
      1. Kart
        Kart 25 August 2020 16: 45
        No screwdriver is needed there.
        There is no need to unscrew anything - everything goes into a suitcase without it.
        There are 2 copies of this device on ph, and not 2 suitcases for one.
    2. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 25 August 2020 09: 06
      Quote: VicktorVR
      It is difficult to see, but it looks like the connectors "on the screws".

      On them, birthmarks - on the connector in the upper left corner, the screws are clearly visible.
      Quote: VicktorVR
      It would be necessary to come up with some kind of latches, simple and reliable.

      It seems to me that the latches would not have passed according to GOST and the technical requirements of the Customer, which, on the way, were written taking into account check buoy by force of six people for separation. smile

      SRs had to be installed. smile
  2. Engineer
    Engineer 25 August 2020 09: 35
    "Tablet", as I understand it, is it instead of PUO-9?
    If yes, then it's high time. True, two cases for a tablet at once are too much.
    When he was a lieutenant, he arrived at the RAV warehouses to receive property. Although according to the VUS he was a tanker.
    The ensign shipped a bunch of junk, but also one electronic piece. Although in the inventory it is worth to receive the PUO.
    - Comrade Lieutenant, don't wait in line. Sign.
    - and where is the control device?
    - What is this? - indicates two ridiculous folding aluminum planks.
    - and the device must have wires, electronics. Well, there is a decisive device ...
    The whole line burst out in unison
    1. Kart
      Kart 25 August 2020 16: 47
      There are 2 copies of one device on the photo. It's just that in one the tablet is connected (by the way, with a round connector) and the additional compartments are empty, and on the second, vice versa.
      1. Engineer
        Engineer 25 August 2020 17: 34
        You're right. Screwed up
  3. Engineer
    Engineer 25 August 2020 09: 44
    For the first time I saw an electronic tablet for an artilleryman in 2014. It was developed by Rusnano. I spoke with the creators. They used a flexible screen Plastic Logic and flexible electronics. They went to the Mikhailovskaya Academy for advice and feedback.
    Apparently then it did not take off like many other things.
  4. Free wind
    Free wind 25 August 2020 11: 22
    Photo of suitcases of the control system raises questions. Either the photograph is bad, or the system is obscenely assembled .. The glass is crooked, cracked, the seal is loose. Skidder, TT-4 surprised. I wish we could have it at the exhibition. Probably half of the visitors would have fled from the sound of the launcher. Negroes with Papuans would definitely climb the palm trees. wassat
    1. Kart
      Kart 25 August 2020 16: 48
      This is a forest fires extinguishing technique.
      Who extinguished - knows how it should look.
      What are the Papuans?
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 25 August 2020 17: 12
        A forest fire must be prevented. And whoever sets them up needs to be dumped into forest fires, and let them put out. There are also wildfires. But most are human. Technique won't help here. But dropping the Chinese into fires will help. more than once the Chinese were seen organizing fires. And you there are looking for enemies in Europe, when the Chinese have you.
  5. Momotomba
    Momotomba 18 October 2020 21: 37
    Developing new electronics is good. Its use is great! Only grandfather's methods should not be forgotten anyway. Although they are slow, they allow you to do everything with a burning torch without electricity.