Military Review

UEC delivered a pilot batch of NK-32 engines of the second stage for Tu-160M

52
UEC delivered a pilot batch of NK-32 engines of the second stage for Tu-160M

The first installation batch of NK-32 engines of the second stage for installation on the modernized Tu-160M ​​was delivered. This was reported by the press service of the United Engine Corporation (UEC).


Motors of the pilot batch are manufactured, tested and accepted by the customer. Newly manufactured engines meet the requirements of the design and regulatory documentation stated in the tactical and technical assignment

- TASS leads the message of the press service.

The UEC stressed that the corporation has begun mass production of the NK-32-02 engines. The engines are manufactured at the UEC-Kuznetsov enterprise under a state contract with the Ministry of Defense and Tupolev PJSC. In the coming years, this engine will become the main one in the range of products manufactured by the enterprise. A systematic increase in mass production is reported. In addition, the designers of UEC-Kuznetsov are working on the creation of a line of promising engines of the NK family based on the NK-32 gas generator of the 02 series.

The production of the Soviet turbojet engines NK-32 installed on the Tu-160 "White Swan" was stopped after the collapse of the Soviet Union, but later it was decided to resume their production, but in a modernized version (NK-32-02). The new engine of the second stage is 10% more economical than the base one, which on average gives an increase in the flight range of the modernized Tu-160 by a thousand kilometers.
52 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Victor_B
    Victor_B 24 August 2020 08: 52 New
    19
    + A thousand miles for a strategist is definitely not superfluous!
    1. Civil
      Civil 24 August 2020 10: 42 New
      0
      And you can also put it on a new supersonic liner, that would be a car ...
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 24 August 2020 16: 11 New
        +9
        Quote: Civil
        And you can also put it on a new supersonic liner, that would be a car ...

        They will not fit on a passenger plane. For a passenger (for example, Tu-144), the main flight mode is supersonic (for Tu-144 - more than 2000 km / h), for the military - up to sound (Tu-160 - 850 km / h). Therefore, the passenger needs an engine optimized for continuous supersonic operation, without afterburner. For example, the Tu-144D was equipped with the RD-36-51A, where there were no afterburners at all. With him, the flight range was appropriate (5330 km)
        The strategist is focused on the greatest flight range, and this is a completely different engine operating mode, and he has supersonic sound only due to the afterburner mode of the engine, when fuel is consumed unmeasured.
        1. Zaurbek
          Zaurbek 25 August 2020 10: 04 New
          0
          Most likely, they will be put on something transportable in an easy form. Will remove the Fast and the Furious and increase the fan
  2. Pereira
    Pereira 24 August 2020 09: 08 New
    +5
    Good news.
    Where else will these engines fit? Who knows?
    1. Ru_Na
      Ru_Na 24 August 2020 09: 20 New
      -1
      Initially, these engines were also installed on the TU-144, but today only strategists remain, there was information that they planned to create a supersonic passenger airliner based on the TU-160, but there is no exact information.
      1. Errr
        Errr 24 August 2020 09: 53 New
        +9
        Quote: Ru_Na
        Initially, these engines were also installed on the TU-144.
        NK-32 (modification of NK-32-1) were installed only on Tu-144LL (flying laboratory, aircraft number RA-77114).
        Serial Tu-144s were equipped with NK-144A.
      2. ancient
        ancient 24 August 2020 12: 05 New
        10
        Quote: Ru_Na
        Initially, these engines were also installed on the TU-144.

        In the "root" is not true!
        Initially, the NK-144 engines were created for the Tu-144 and subsequently operated.
        Subsequently, two modifications were created for the Tu-22M, NK-144-22 ("FM") and NK -144-2 ("FMA").
        NK-22-0 (144 tons) were on experimental Tu-22M20 vehicles
        NK-22-1 were also installed on the pre-production Tu-144M22.
        On the experimental Tu-22M2, both NK-144-22 and NK-22 were installed, they tried NK-23, but ... "it did not fuse."
        Since 1975, NK-22 engines have been installed on all subsequent releases of Tu-2M22 aircraft.
        It was the NK-144 engine that became the "basis" for the NK-22,23,25 engines.
        The NK-32 was developed purely for the Tu-160.
        And only within the framework of the development of a second generation supersonic passenger aircraft (SPS) in the late 1970s, the NK-321 engine was also developed. The engine was tested and operated on Tu-142LL and Tu-144LL aircraft.
        1. bayard
          bayard 25 August 2020 01: 56 New
          +1
          And the attempt to install the NK-32-2 on the Tu-22M3M was not crowned with success?
          I remember very much hoping for it.
          1. ancient
            ancient 25 August 2020 11: 59 New
            +1
            Quote: bayard
            I remember very much hoping for it.

            No specific attempts were made, since this required significant "alterations" in the OKD.
            Therefore, apart from the "Wishlist" there was no money or time ... you yourself remember .. what times were crying
    2. Insurgent
      Insurgent 24 August 2020 09: 28 New
      +8
      Quote: Pereira
      Good news.
      Where else will these engines fit? Who knows?

      Alternatively, for use in gas compressor plants for natural gas transportation, or as an energy element.

      We are talking about another aircraft turbine, but given the increased efficiency of the NK-32-02, we can safely assume that it will eventually find its place in "civilian life".

      One of the successful examples of the use of AGTD in the power industry is the cogeneration GTU 25/39, installed and in commercial operation at the Bezymyanskaya CHPP located in the Samara region in Russia, which is described below.

      The gas turbine unit is designed to generate electricity and heat for the needs of industrial enterprises and household consumers. The electric power of the installation is 25 MW, and the heat capacity is 39 MW. The total capacity of the installation is 64 MW. The annual productivity of electricity is 161,574 GWh / year, heat energy is 244120 Gcal / year.

      The unit is distinguished by the use of a unique aircraft engine NK-37, providing an efficiency of 36,4%. This efficiency provides high plant efficiency unattainable in conventional thermal power plants, as well as a number of other advantages. The unit operates on natural gas with a pressure of 4,6 MPa and a flow rate of 1,45 kg / s. In addition to electricity, the installation produces 40 t / h of steam with a pressure of 14 kgf / cm2 and heats 100 t of heating water from 70 to 120 ° C, which allows a small town to be supplied with light and heat.

      When the unit is located on the territory of thermal power plants, no additional special units for chemical water treatment, water discharge, etc. are required.

      Such gas turbine power plants are indispensable for use in cases where:

      ■ a comprehensive solution to the problem of providing electric and thermal energy to a small town, industrial or residential area is required - the modularity of the installations makes it easy to assemble any option depending on the needs of the consumer;

      ■ industrial development of new areas of human life is being carried out, including those with living conditions, when the compactness and manufacturability of the installation is especially important. Normal operation of the unit is ensured in the ambient temperature range from -50 to +45 ° C under the influence of all other unfavorable factors: humidity up to 100%, precipitation in the form of rain, snow, etc .;

      ■ the efficiency of the installation is important: high efficiency ensures the possibility of producing cheaper electric and heat energy and a short payback period (about 3,5 years) with capital investments in the construction of the installation of 10 million 650 thousand dollars. USA (according to the manufacturer).

      In addition, the installation is distinguished by its environmental friendliness, the presence of multi-stage noise suppression, and full automation of control processes.


      In full: http://www.combienergy.ru/stat/1253-Gazoturbinnye-ustanovki-na-baze-konvertirovannyh-aviacionnyh
      1. Bad_gr
        Bad_gr 24 August 2020 16: 47 New
        +4
        A very correct approach. After all, if the city needs heat (for heating houses, + hot water), a boiler room is installed, in which (let's say) gas is burned. But the gas can be burned not in the furnace of the boiler room, but in the turbine that turns the generator. We will get the same amount of heat + for free, electricity.
        And in modern thermal power plants, the kinetic energy for the generator is first removed from the turbine, and the incandescent gases from the turbine enter the boiler, receive steam, which in turn enters the steam turbine - we also take electricity from here. And then, the heat spent in the turbines, through a heat exchanger, is given to the city by hot water.
        In general, the energy from the burnt gas can be disposed of in different ways.
        1. bk0010
          bk0010 24 August 2020 23: 23 New
          +1
          Quote: Bad_gr
          But the gas can be burned not in the furnace of the boiler room, but in the turbine that turns the generator. We will get the same amount of heat + for free, electricity.
          The turbine is not very freebie. And there will be less heat (insignificantly).
    3. Jurkovs
      Jurkovs 24 August 2020 10: 03 New
      +4
      Where else will these engines fit? Who knows?

      In the late 80s, these engines were tested on the Tu-22. This modification took place under the letter Tu-22M4. But at the beginning of the 90s, the production of engines was discontinued. Now this idea is being discussed again as the next modernization after the Tu-22M3M, and it seems that it should take place like the Tu-22M7. The seats for this engine are suitable without alteration. The only question is in the increased loads on the airframe and in the automatic engine control.
      1. ancient
        ancient 24 August 2020 12: 13 New
        +4
        Quote: Jurkovs
        In the late 80s, these engines were tested on the Tu-22

        This is "murzilka" wassat
        Except for the modification of the air intake channels for additional recharge flaps ... nothing was done, but a complete "redesign" of the engine nacelles was necessary.


        From which it follows that all the "promises" and "Wishlist" for NK-25, ser. 2 for Tu-22M3M are no more than ..... wink
    4. D16
      D16 24 August 2020 19: 42 New
      0
      Where else will these engines fit? Who knows?

      There was talk of installing these engines on the upgraded Tu-22M3
  3. Mountain shooter
    Mountain shooter 24 August 2020 09: 14 New
    +1
    Small series may not be cheap, but where to go? Or "strategists" may be "non-motorized" ... It's expensive, really expensive. Not much cheaper than a new one to develop ...
    1. Piramidon
      Piramidon 24 August 2020 10: 21 New
      0
      Quote: Mountain Shooter
      Small batch cannot be cheap

      If production of the Tu-160 is resumed, more engines will be needed.
    2. garri-lin
      garri-lin 24 August 2020 11: 09 New
      +2
      The engine is good enough. It may well be clueless in civilian life.
  4. Ka-52
    Ka-52 24 August 2020 09: 29 New
    13
    Engines are manufactured at the UEC-Kuznetsov enterprise

    They are made by blacksmiths at OZ No. 2, KMZ, in Samara.
    The new engine of the second stage is 10% more economical than the base one

    raised the temperature from 1570K to 1750K, increased the gas-dynamic characteristics in the turbine.
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 24 August 2020 09: 45 New
      +9
      Quote: Ka-52
      raised the temperature from 1570K to 1750K, increased the gas-dynamic characteristics in the turbine

      Looks like they broke their heads with thermodynamics and materials scientists who were strong in the battle for every degree, for every kgf / cm2 ...
      1. Ka-52
        Ka-52 24 August 2020 10: 51 New
        +8
        Looks like they broke their heads with thermodynamics and materials scientists who were strong in the battle for every degree, for every kgf / cm2 ...

        In the late 90s, the Kuznetsov workers were carrying out design work with the Americans from GE (surprisingly, there was such a thing). Ours helped them (for their money) to develop wide-chord hollow working blades. The Americans got what they wanted (B-777), but our technology SNTK them. ND Kuznetsova (then still SGNPP Trud) put in a storehouse. And they did not lose lol
    2. Jurkovs
      Jurkovs 24 August 2020 10: 07 New
      +2
      It's a dark matter there. There is information that behind this small modernization is hidden the use of a gas generator on the NK-32 from the NK-65 engine, which was canceled in Soviet times.
      1. Ka-52
        Ka-52 24 August 2020 10: 25 New
        +6
        It's a dark matter there. There is information that behind this small modernization is hidden the use of a gas generator on the NK-32 from the NK-65 engine, which was canceled in Soviet times.

        not really. It would be more correct to say on the basis of the NK-93, developed in the 80s. And NK-65, or rather its reincarnation PD-30, is a development from 32, based on its gas generator
        1. Cyril G ...
          Cyril G ... 24 August 2020 10: 26 New
          0
          Quote: Ka-52
          It's a dark matter there. There is information that behind this small modernization is hidden the use of a gas generator on the NK-32 from the NK-65 engine, which was canceled in Soviet times.

          not really. It would be more correct to say on the basis of the NK-93, developed in the 80s. And NK-65, or rather its reincarnation PD-30, is a development from 32, based on its gas generator


          Can I put it on Tu-22M3?
          1. Ka-52
            Ka-52 24 August 2020 10: 39 New
            +5
            Can I put it on Tu-22M3?

            NK-32 - yes. After all, it was created on the basis of the native NK-25. In the future, it is planned to re-equip 22M3 on NK-32-02
            1. garri-lin
              garri-lin 24 August 2020 11: 12 New
              +2
              And in a nutshell, 32 is better than 25? Amateurs will be interested.
              1. Ka-52
                Ka-52 24 August 2020 11: 20 New
                +4
                And in a nutshell, 32 is better than 25? Amateurs will be interested.

                at least a twofold decrease in specific consumption. Hence the increase in the combat radius of the bomber
                1. Runoway
                  Runoway 24 August 2020 12: 27 New
                  +1
                  at least a twofold decrease in specific consumption. Hence the increase in the combat radius of the bomber

                  And also + barbell + dagger good
                2. ancient
                  ancient 24 August 2020 12: 34 New
                  +3
                  Quote: Ka-52
                  at least a twofold reduction in specific consumption

                  Come on.... belay belay belay You have surpassed all Zvezda TV commentators wassat

                  NK - 32 - Specific engine fuel consumption (speed <1M) - +0.72 kg / kgf per hour

                  NK - 25 - Specific engine fuel consumption (speed <1M) - +0.75 kg / kgf per hour
                  1. Soho
                    Soho 24 August 2020 15: 14 New
                    -1
                    NK - 25 - Specific engine fuel consumption (speed <1M) - 0.75-0.76 kg / kgf per hour

                    I wonder what commentators have you outdone if you write nonsense. The specific consumption of NK-25 is almost 2kg per kilogram of force.
                    1. ancient
                      ancient 24 August 2020 17: 07 New
                      +1
                      Quote: Soho
                      The specific consumption of NK-25 is almost 2kg per kilogram of force.

                      Well, with you .. everything is clear ... wassat
                      2 kg per ... what unit of distance or time, relative to engine power? wassat
                3. garri-lin
                  garri-lin 24 August 2020 13: 18 New
                  +2
                  Is it at cruising speed, supersonic, or any modes? I just don't believe Vicki and open sources.
            2. ancient
              ancient 24 August 2020 12: 28 New
              +1
              Quote: Ka-52
              NK-32 - yes.

              NOT!!!!... since NK-25 and NK-32, although they are close in terms of weight and dimensions, are not completely identical.
              U NK-32 another power scheme of the suspension in the engine nacelle, which determines a radically different procedure for installing and removing engines.
              1. Ka-52
                Ka-52 24 August 2020 12: 40 New
                +2
                The NK-32 has a different power scheme for the suspension in the engine nacelle, which determines a radically different procedure for installing and removing engines.

                if this is the modernization that was talked about, then they will redo the installation scheme for NK32-02
                1. ancient
                  ancient 24 August 2020 13: 44 New
                  0
                  Quote: Ka-52
                  then there they will redo the installation scheme for NK32-02

                  I will try again wink ... Engine NK-32 ser. 02 is produced for installation on Tu-160M ​​and M2 aircrafts .... POINT !!!
                  The NK-32 engine ser. 2 on Tu-160M ​​and M2 is installed in "hinged" nacelles. DOT.
                  What needs to be "done" with the Tu-22M3M fuselage, in which the engine nacelles are located in the fuselage and are part of its structural and power scheme, I have already briefly .. "wrote" ... DOT! soldier
                  1. Soho
                    Soho 24 August 2020 15: 22 New
                    0
                    , I already briefly .. "wrote" ... DOT! soldier

                    Before poking your points, at least figure out where the lateral and tender rods for 22m3 and 160 pass.
                    1. ancient
                      ancient 24 August 2020 16: 57 New
                      0
                      Quote: Soho
                      where are the side and tender rods for 22m3

                      And what are you talking about ...? belay
            3. bk0010
              bk0010 24 August 2020 23: 27 New
              +2
              It is a pity that it is not based on the technology of the second stage engine for the T-50. Cruising supersonic for a strategist would be extremely pleasant. Almost T-100, but multi-mode.
          2. ancient
            ancient 24 August 2020 12: 25 New
            +2
            Quote: Cyril G ...
            Can I put it on Tu-22M3?

            Without radical "rearrangement" of the rear part of the fuselage ... well, no way .... Think for yourself .. how can the "suspended" turn into .. "crammed"? wink
            1. bayard
              bayard 25 August 2020 03: 58 New
              0
              And what if we rearrange the fasteners of the NK-32-2 engine itself? How the AL-31F was adapted to the J-10 fuselage.
              Well, the rear fuselage of the Tu-22M3M too, but to a lesser extent.
              After all, the fuselages of the Tu-22M3 already exist, but the NK-32-2 still request not .
              And if they just have to be done, so do a new modification for mounting in the Tu-22M3.
              It seems to me that it will be easier.
  5. Cyril G ...
    Cyril G ... 24 August 2020 13: 11 New
    +2
    Quote: ancient
    - Specific fuel consumption of the engine (speed <1M) - 0.75-0.76 kg / kgf per hour

    Looked at Vicki, in the NK-25 part, the specific consumption is 2.08 kg / kgf per hour.
    What's wrong here?

    .. Think for yourself .. how can you turn a "suspended" into .. "crammed"? Wink

    Well damn! I am not competent in this matter, and that is why I am asking ..
    1. ancient
      ancient 24 August 2020 13: 52 New
      +3
      Quote: Cyril G ...
      written specific consumption 2.08 kg / kgf per hour.
      What's wrong here?

      1. Do not watch "Vika" wink
      2. 2.08 ... this is the consumption for MFR of engine operation. wink ... on NK-32 this value is 1,7. soldier
      Quote: Cyril G ...
      Well damn! I am not competent in this matter, and that is why I am asking ..

      I got what you mean wink ...... for "pushing", except for changes in the AD suspension scheme. in the engine nacelle, which by the way is part of the fuselage structural and power scheme, it is necessary to completely change the profiles of the air intake channels.
      That is why "Wishlist" with Tu-22M4 .. and remained "Wishlist" and he flew .. until the end of his "flight life" with his relatives NK-25. soldier
      1. Soho
        Soho 24 August 2020 15: 48 New
        0
        2.08 ... this is the consumption for the MFR of the engine operation. wink ... on NK-32 this value is 1,7. soldier

        specific fuel consumption NK
        79,56 kg / (kN · h) under long-term flight conditions (Нп = 11 km, Мп = 0,8).
        1. ancient
          ancient 24 August 2020 16: 48 New
          +3
          Quote: Soho
          specific fuel consumption NK
          79,56 kg / (kN · h) under long-term flight conditions (Нп = 11 km, Мп = 0,8).

          For completeness of the "picture" it is necessary to indicate at least some operational factors ... request
          With normal G floor = 90-100t you will never "climb" 11 meters at M = 000 (only if on MPF ​​_ .. therefore your "criteria" ... "long flight conditions" .... forget ...forever and ever soldier
          In the IShR, by the way, they indicate the kilometer and hourly costs ... and which one did you indicate? belay
          1. Rushnairfors
            Rushnairfors 24 August 2020 17: 48 New
            +4
            Hello ancient, with the past !!! Do not go broke, there are few people on this site today who listen to professionals, they would rather believe Wikipedia and all Borisovs and Krivoruchks, that's why I'm here at an extreme time exclusively as a reader, by the way, the first "Hefest-2" will come to us this year, it will already be possible to start up x32 from it, now the testers in Shaikovka are busy, but this is not M3M, the Hefestoites have just finalized their brainchild. So positiFFFchik!
            1. ancient
              ancient 24 August 2020 18: 05 New
              +2
              Quote: Rushnairfors
              Hello ancient, with the past !!!

              Hello, Friends and you too !!! drinks
              Of course, positive, but .... for a long time something ...... I understand that they will "try" the X-32 as ... a "rocket", and not the whole complex .... this is sad .. .so as PN and NK will not "give" the declared characteristics.
              And I would very much like to .. "feel" the news of the new PrNK bully
              1. Rushnairfors
                Rushnairfors 25 August 2020 06: 27 New
                +2
                And the complex has not changed NK-45 and PNA, but this is at Hefest, I do not take into account the short story, because the short story does not bomb, and thank God they abandoned these aircraft, limiting themselves to six sides, they also understand: how not to position the Tu22 " the killer of aircraft carriers ", but in practice he went through all the wars with a clean bomber
                1. ancient
                  ancient 25 August 2020 12: 05 New
                  +1
                  Quote: Rushnairfors
                  And the complex has not changed NK-45 and PNA

                  Then I don't understand at all ... belay ... how "they" though .. "get the claimed 800 and 1000 km"? belay
                  I was hoping that at least the "Obzor" with the Tu-160 "would be stuck .... then somehow it was possible to get the" desired "ranges ... and here ........ in general ...." sadness " recourse
                  1. Rushnairfors
                    Rushnairfors 25 August 2020 13: 40 New
                    +2
                    So, the x32 has a combined guidance system, it does not need to be given from the PNA to the control center (like 107), they went to the ZRP-cut, and the darling went, and then ... further in a certain area and after a certain time the head turns on and the rocket starts to joke .. You understand that I have no right to write in more detail, I think you will understand it this way, especially since your school was more savvy in matters of mathematics. In terms of x32 efficiency, I will say this: the 22nd is better, yes - hemorrhagic, yes - not quite know-how, stricter in terms of restrictions, but .... Avik, of course, will be much more difficult - after all, he has carrier-based aircraft in cover and this is many hundreds of kilometers, but the regular ship-based air defense aircraft will not get it if it hits x32
                    1. ancient
                      ancient 25 August 2020 14: 19 New
                      +1
                      Quote: Rushnairfors
                      went to the ZRP-cut,

                      am ... again ... "tied" ... repeat "mistakes" with the X-15C ..... recourse
                      In general .... "upset" crying
                      1. Rushnairfors
                        Rushnairfors 25 August 2020 18: 24 New
                        +1
                        When I came to serve, only Shaikovka had x15, and then they were already written off on the sly, by the way, I don’t know the others had tasks using these missiles? In Vozdvizhenka, in my opinion, they were not born, my first ship commander began service in Zavitinsk, he said that they also did not have 15s, apparently not a single "eastern" regiment was armed with them