Military Review

Operation Danube: Anniversary of the invasion of Czechoslovakia by Warsaw Pact troops

169

On August 20, 1968 at 22:15 pm, the troops of the Warsaw Pact Organization (OVD) countries received the Vltava-666 signal, which meant the start of Operation Danube to establish control over Czechoslovakia. And already at 2 o'clock after midnight at the Ruzyne airfield in Prague, units of the Soviet 7th Airborne Division landed. At the same time, 18 divisions of the Warsaw Pact countries entered Czechoslovakia in 24 directions from the territories of the USSR, the GDR, Hungary and Poland. The contingent numbered, according to some sources, up to half a million people.


ATS combat operation


Since the military equipment of several countries participated in the operation at once, it was decided to put white stripes on it so as not to accidentally enter into a military clash with the allies. Having met military equipment that did not have such signs, it should have been neutralized. The Czechoslovak army had an order not to enter into conflicts with the "allies", and this order was carried out.

Although the army was not going to act against local civilians, it was not possible to avoid casualties either among the Czechoslovak population or among the military. Although different sources indicate different numbers, they all claim that their number was small compared to the scale of the events taking place.

But all kinds of things happened. For example, a convoy of Soviet military equipment on a mountain road was blocked by local residents. Ahead were women with children. One of tanks during a sharp maneuver fell into the abyss and caught fire, as a result of which the entire crew died.

There were no clashes, but in Prague and other cities of the country, the military in some cases was pelted with stones and "Molotov cocktails". It is believed that the soldiers of the army of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) acted most harshly against violations of order and attempts to resist.

The Warsaw Pact army quickly seized key facilities in the capital, and a week later, at a meeting in Moscow, the Czechoslovak leadership unconditionally admitted that it was wrong and assured the USSR and other socialist countries of their adherence to "true socialism."

Why were the troops brought in?


The formal reason for the introduction of troops was the invitation of either the head of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Alexander Dubchek, or some mysterious group of prominent "party and state leaders" of Czechoslovakia.

But the important thing is not whether Prague asked for “international assistance or not. It is important that the Soviet Union managed to stop undesirable processes. "Perestroika", initiated in the country by Dubcek, had good intentions. The party leader wanted to build "socialism with a human face" in Czechoslovakia taken separately. Oddly enough, the push for the start of protest actions, in which young people played the most active role, was the abolition of censorship in the country in February 1968.


This is how the Prague Spring began


The non-interference of the USSR and other countries of the socialist camp in Czechoslovak affairs could lead, for example, to a split of the country into the Czech Republic and Slovakia, since the contradictions between these parts of the two-united state had already begun to grow. And the split is by no means "velvet".

But there was a worse option - the drift of Prague outside the Soviet orbit. The influx of "tourists" from West Germany and the United States to the country has noticeably increased. The Soviet leadership did not rule out NATO's military intervention in Czechoslovak affairs. And this was not empty paranoia, since the prerequisites for the implementation of this scenario existed, and the intelligence data confirmed this likelihood. Western intelligence services were active in coordinating protests and financing those who are now commonly called "activists."

Therefore, the USSR had only two options: to allow the loss of Czechoslovakia and its withdrawal to the western camp, or the introduction of troops and the return of control over the country by force. As you know, the choice was made in favor of the second option.

Half a century later


In Russia, the anniversary of the entry of troops into Czechoslovakia and the suppression of the "Prague Spring" is practically not remembered today, and the assessments of this event are given by the Russian society very different: from harsh condemnation of the decision of the Soviet government to full approval of the actions of the OVD troops.

In the Czech Republic, August 21 is considered a memorable date, which is officially called the Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Invasion and Occupation. It is celebrated at the state level for the first time this year. When a proposal was put forward to establish this memorable date, it was supported by all parliamentary factions in the Czech Republic, except for the communists.
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/, Central Intelligence Agency
169 comments
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  1. Fat
    Fat 21 August 2020 16: 46
    +8
    I recall one significant conversation with my father ... There are three sitting in a cell ... Why are you sitting? For that, he says that he played for Gomulki! Well, I am sitting, that I opposed Gomulka ... And the third .. Well, he says, I am Gomulka.
  2. apro
    apro 21 August 2020 16: 48
    +2
    How to solve with the maydanuty ... everything is simple. With a firm hand to restore order.
  3. parusnik
    parusnik 21 August 2020 16: 53
    +6
    They kept Czechoslovakia from collapse for 22 years and for the same time, from joining NATO ..
    1. Fat
      Fat 21 August 2020 19: 11
      -3
      Somehow it happened that the Czech Republic and Slovakia are different countries. Well, I love Prague .. But this is not the country it is. The Nazis Golimy are already simpler Hitler Youth.
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 21 August 2020 19: 58
      +2
      Quote: parusnik
      They kept Czechoslovakia from collapse for 22 years and for the same time, from joining NATO.

      You said right. About the introduction of troops into Czechoslovakia, I can say only one thing "Whatever my country does, it is always right, because this is my country." And about the Czechs I can say, "No matter how many wolves you feed, you still look into the forest."
  4. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 21 August 2020 16: 57
    -4
    And already at 2 o'clock after midnight at the Ruzyne airfield in Prague, units of the Soviet 7th Airborne Division landed. At the same time, 18 divisions of countries entered Czechoslovakia in 24 directions from the territories of the USSR, GDR, Hungary and Poland
    Well done!
    For example, a convoy of Soviet military equipment on a mountain road was blocked by local residents. Ahead were women with children.
    I heard that in 2010 the Czechs were ashamed of it.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 21 August 2020 17: 43
      +2
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      I heard that in 2010 the Czechs were ashamed of it.

      I don’t think it’s embarrassing, but then my classmate’s brother died in a tank that fell.
  5. tatra
    tatra 21 August 2020 17: 09
    +5
    The enemies of the communists always have double standards. So, they expose the Soviet communists for a crime that they suppressed attempts at coups d'état in Hungary and Czechoslovakia, but if there was an attempt by the communists and their supporters to arrange coups d'état in Western Europe, which is under US occupation, they would all support the brutal suppression of these attempts ...
  6. iouris
    iouris 21 August 2020 17: 12
    +2
    Hidden anti-Russian propaganda. In Czechoslovakia, collaborators of Hitlerite Germany, repainted as communists, were widely active. Officers and generals who went through fierce battles in Slovakia, Bohemia and Moravia also served in the USSR troops. They knew these "Czechs" in different situations.
    The USSR acted correctly in accordance with the situation and its interests. And they were then, but there were no Soviet troops in Czechoslovakia. Operation Danube was conceived, organized and carried out well. However, it was necessary to behave more decisively and definitely, it was necessary to suppress terrorist attacks against soldiers and equipment more severely. This required specially trained forces and means. But even so, NATO understood everything and fell silent for a long time.
  7. 1536
    1536 21 August 2020 17: 15
    +2
    The USSR took into account the lessons of Hungary in 1956. Therefore, the operation in Czechoslovakia was already collective. A participant in those events, by 1980 already a lieutenant colonel, and in 1968 a young lieutenant-tanker, told me that the greatest "zeal" in suppressing the protesters was then shown by the Germans, i.e. military units of the GDR army. The Czechs even said that this could have happened to them in 1945, if then the Red Army units under the command of Marshal Konev had not arrived and had not liberated Prague. But with information support then everything was different than now. In the USSR, no one really knew then what was happening in Czechoslovakia.
    I know one thing, military force can hardly keep people in obedience for a long time. Well, Czechs don't like Russians. You can't be cute. But it was necessary to ensure that countries like this became neutral, were tied in economic projects with the USSR, with other CMEA countries (Council for Mutual Economic Assistance). Otherwise, today it is just a spy nest of the NATO special services, a funnel for information slops, in order to purposefully pour slops out of it onto Russia. Disgusting, she's more. On good, it would be necessary to ask the Czech ambassador from Moscow to leave. But we are still waiting for something. What, is it not clear?
    1. Avior
      Avior 21 August 2020 18: 14
      +6
      The troops of the GDR were stopped at the border, in Czechoslovakia there was only a small group of Germans, several dozen people.
    2. Professor
      Professor 21 August 2020 18: 32
      -2
      Quote: 1536
      A participant in those events, by 1980 already a lieutenant colonel, and in 1968 a young lieutenant-tanker, told me that the greatest "zeal" in suppressing the protesters was then shown by the Germans, i.e. military units of the GDR army.

      I lied. The GDR troops were not brought into Czechoslovakia. Learn this once and for all.
      1. Avior
        Avior 21 August 2020 18: 54
        +3
        The decision was preliminary, but at the last moment they were stopped and they did not enter Czechoslovakia.
      2. 1536
        1536 21 August 2020 19: 43
        0
        Dear, my sources do not lie. However, this is unlikely to convince you that the operation in Czechoslovakia was a joint operation of the ATS countries. You, I mean, have long ago learned other information. Make no mistake.
        1. Professor
          Professor 21 August 2020 20: 01
          -4
          Quote: 1536
          Dear, my sources do not lie. However, this is unlikely to convince you that the operation in Czechoslovakia was a joint operation of the ATS countries. You, I mean, have long ago learned other information. Make no mistake.

          Veschdoki in the studio.

          PS
          Can you talk about these?
    3. iouris
      iouris 21 August 2020 18: 42
      +4
      Quote: 1536
      Well, Czechs don't like Russians. You can't be cute. But it was necessary to ensure that countries like this become neutral,

      In your opinion, the Germans loved the "Russians" so much after 1945 that they invited a group of millions of troops to "stay" right up to the 1990s? Incidentally, the Czechs did not put up resistance to Hitler in 1938, and did the Russians in 1968. In 1945, the Russians did not liberate Czechoslovakia, but took the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia and Slovakia, Hitler's ally, in battle. After 1945, Europe was divided by the Allies. At the same time, in Greece, Italy and France, the communists could not defeat, and in Eastern Europe, socialist states were formed and the opponents of the USSR could not defeat there until the USSR itself dissolved. If ahead of time in Czechoslovakia or earlier in Hungary (where there were also more than enough fascists) the supporters of the United States had won, then this would mean war. This is how it works.
      You will not be nice by force, but you have lost the war and if the violence is organized correctly, you must and will endure.
    4. Doliva63
      Doliva63 21 August 2020 20: 14
      +2
      "... military units of the GDR army."
      They were practically not there. The NPA only brought in support units and possibly reconnaissance. Ie, if there was a "strained", they were also ready, but, glory to Allah, it did.
  8. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 21 August 2020 17: 18
    +4
    Quote: Serwid
    Quote: Vakcina
    There, the soldiers of the GDR behaved very tough with the Czechs, they knew their nature

    No troops entered the GDR.

    All the same, the GDR troops entered.
    1. Serwid
      Serwid 21 August 2020 17: 23
      +5
      Quote: Kostadinov
      All the same, the GDR troops entered.

      https://www.bundesarchiv.de/DE/Content/Virtuelle-Ausstellungen/21-August-1968-Einmarsch-Kein-Einmarsch-Die-Beteiligung-Der-Nationalen-Volksarmee-Der-Ddr-An-Der-Niederschlagung-Des-Prager-Fruhlings/21-august-1968-einmarsch-kein-einmarsch-die-beteiligung-der-nationalen-volksarmee-der-ddr-an-der-niederschlagung-des-prager-fruhlings.html
      If you speak German, it's from the German federal archive.
    2. Avior
      Avior 21 August 2020 18: 15
      +2
      Introduced, but not entered.
      They were stopped at the border.
      1. Professor
        Professor 21 August 2020 18: 27
        -2
        Quote: Avior
        Introduced, but not entered.
        They were stopped at the border.

        German troops German did not cross the border.
        1. Avior
          Avior 21 August 2020 18: 52
          +4
          They didn't cross, that's right, they were stopped there.
          They did not enter Czechoslovakia, stood on the border, did not cross the border
          Who wrote the bank about the behavior of the Germans who were not there, I do not know.
          1. Professor
            Professor 21 August 2020 19: 26
            +1
            Quote: Avior
            They didn't cross, that's right, they were stopped there.
            They did not enter Czechoslovakia, stood on the border, did not cross the border
            Who wrote the bank about the behavior of the Germans who were not there, I do not know.

            I know who screwed up. And you know. However, it is more convenient to tell tales about how cruel the Germans were in Czechoslovakia in 1968. Otherwise, who is the blood of Czechs and Slovaks?
            1. oldzek
              oldzek 21 August 2020 19: 43
              +2
              about blood .. to me in Prague, a guy from a BRDM driver said that when he took his lieutenant to a hospital or a hospital (I don't remember exactly), he saw ours and the Czechs lying there together. Who are you asking to blame? Yes, he or those who tore off the people's country democracy from the USSR. divide and rule! the motto of scoundrels, known since the days of the Roman Empire.
            2. tihonmarine
              tihonmarine 22 August 2020 11: 36
              +1
              Quote: Professor
              However, it is more convenient to tell tales about how cruel the Germans were in Czechoslovakia in 1968. Otherwise, who has the blood of Czechs and Slovaks on?

              I also think so, the kindest guys and during WWII there were Germans.
          2. Aviator_
            Aviator_ 21 August 2020 19: 32
            +1
            Who wrote the bank about the behavior of the Germans who were not there, I do not know.

            The participants in the entry of the troops "composed". And right away, in the late 60s. And what is there in the archives - the Germans have prepared "letters to the future".
            1. Avior
              Avior 21 August 2020 19: 52
              +2
              They still compose.
              On the Internet, discussions of this myth are full of stories from modern readers about how the "uncle's brother's friend" personally saw everything.
              Wonder how easy people are
              https://politus.ru/history/2474-k-sobytiyam-v-chehoslovakii-1968-goda-ili-pochemu-chehi-boyatsya-nemcev-no-negativno-otnosyatsya-k-russkim.html
              And already turned around on Pikabu ...
              https://www.google.com/amp/s/pikabu.ru/story/k_sobyitiyam_v_chekhoslovakii_1968_goda_ili_pochemu_chekhi_boyatsya_nemtsev_no_negativno_otnosyatsya_k_russkim_5887392%3fview=amp
  9. Kostadinov
    Kostadinov 21 August 2020 17: 20
    +5
    Quote: tatra
    but if there was an attempt by the communists and their supporters to stage coups d'etat in Western Europe, which is under US occupation, they would all support the brutal suppression of these attempts.

    In Greece alone, Britain and the United States killed several hundred thousand people in 1944-49.
    1. Alf
      Alf 21 August 2020 17: 46
      +2
      Quote: Kostadinov
      In Greece alone, Britain and the United States killed several hundred thousand people in 1944-49.

      They did not "destroy", they carried "freedom and democracy." And they are in no hurry to apologize ...
    2. boss
      boss 21 August 2020 17: 49
      -2
      There were full-fledged hostilities in Greece in 45-49?
      Genocide?
      Executions?
      Extrajudicial executions?
      Concentration camps?
      What hundreds of thousands are we talking about ???
      1. Operator
        Operator 21 August 2020 18: 35
        +2
        Quote: patron
        There were full-fledged hostilities in Greece in 45-49? Genocide? Executions? Extrajudicial executions? Concentration camps?

        Everything was - the British.
      2. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 21 August 2020 22: 14
        +3
        Yes, there was a civil war, tens of thousands of Greeks died.
      3. Alex Justice
        Alex Justice 22 August 2020 11: 22
        +2
        The Britons used napalm against the guerrillas
    3. Alf
      Alf 21 August 2020 18: 00
      +2
      Quote: Kostadinov
      In Greece alone, Britain and the United States killed several hundred thousand people in 1944-49.

  10. Operator
    Operator 21 August 2020 17: 24
    -1
    During WWII, the Czech Republic (the protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia) was one of the foundations of the military-industrial complex of the Third Reich. Slovakia was a military ally of the Third Reich. In 1968, Brezhnev had to do what Stalin refused in 1945 - to occupy the territory of a German henchman.
  11. Elysium
    Elysium 21 August 2020 17: 38
    +5
    An official congratulatory telegram to Prague on the date would not hurt. laughing
  12. Professor
    Professor 21 August 2020 17: 38
    11 th
    This is not the anniversary of the entry of Warsaw Pact troops into Czechoslovakia, but the anniversary of the Soviet occupation.


    Although the army was not going to act against local civilians, victims could not be avoided either among the Czechoslovak population or among the military

    Yah?


    From the entire Warsaw Pact, the USSR, Bulgaria, Poland and Hungary invaded Czechoslovakia. There were no GDR soldiers. TOTALLY... There were no others either. So there is nothing to blame the atrocities on the Germans. I repeat, they were not there.
    1. Deniska999
      Deniska999 21 August 2020 17: 54
      +2
      Well, in fact, each hegemon leads on his territory as he wants. And so it is possible to condemn the United States for numerous invasions.
      1. Professor
        Professor 21 August 2020 18: 06
        10 th
        Quote: Deniska999
        Well, in fact, each hegemon leads on his territory as he wants. And so it is possible to condemn the United States for numerous invasions.

        An article about the USA?
        Quote: Alf
        Quote: Professor
        There were no GDR soldiers. ALL.


        Quote: Professor
        There were no others either.

        Someone else?

        The GDR troops were not introduced into Czechoslovakia and the crimes cannot be attributed to them.

        Others: Romania, Albania.
        1. Deniska999
          Deniska999 21 August 2020 18: 40
          +2
          I am talking about your words about the occupation.
          1. Professor
            Professor 21 August 2020 19: 28
            -8
            Quote: Deniska999
            I am talking about your words about the occupation.

            What is the inaccuracy? Soviet troops occupied Czechoslovakia. This is an irrefutable fact.
            1. tihonmarine
              tihonmarine 22 August 2020 11: 38
              +2
              Quote: Professor
              What is the inaccuracy? Soviet troops occupied Czechoslovakia. This is an irrefutable fact.

              So is Israel Palestine.
              1. Professor
                Professor 22 August 2020 14: 34
                -1
                Quote: tihonmarine
                Quote: Professor
                What is the inaccuracy? Soviet troops occupied Czechoslovakia. This is an irrefutable fact.

                So is Israel Palestine.

                Whom? Palestine? I don’t know one. Do not tell me who was the head of the so-called. Palestine when, as you put it "Israel Palestine"?
                1. tihonmarine
                  tihonmarine 22 August 2020 15: 00
                  0
                  Quote: Professor
                  Do not tell me who was the head of the so-called. Palestine when, as you put it, "Israel Palestine"?

                  Just like I do not know that the USSR occupied Czechoslovakia.
                  1. Professor
                    Professor 22 August 2020 15: 14
                    0
                    Quote: tihonmarine
                    Quote: Professor
                    Do not tell me who was the head of the so-called. Palestine when, as you put it, "Israel Palestine"?

                    Just like I do not know that the USSR occupied Czechoslovakia.

                    And now you know that the scoop occupied Czechoslovakia with its capital in Prague. By the way, I recommend visiting.
                    1. palatin64
                      palatin64 23 August 2020 15: 10
                      -2
                      If Russia is a "scoop" from which you left off, if you please stop flouting in Russian. This is not your language.
                      1. Professor
                        Professor 23 August 2020 20: 25
                        +2
                        Quote: palatin64
                        If Russia is a "scoop" from which you left off, if you please stop flouting in Russian. This is not your language.

                        And here is Russia? fool Russia did not occupy Czechoslovakia.
                    2. tihonmarine
                      tihonmarine 23 August 2020 19: 28
                      -1
                      Quote: Professor
                      By the way, I recommend visiting.

                      And I have not been there, what do you recommend. And he visited Prague and Haifa and Jerusalem. So what ? But that you Palestine ...., then do not get away.
                      1. Professor
                        Professor 23 August 2020 20: 26
                        +1
                        Quote: tihonmarine
                        Quote: Professor
                        By the way, I recommend visiting.

                        And I have not been there, what do you recommend. And he visited Prague and Haifa and Jerusalem. So what ? But that you Palestine ...., then do not get away.

                        Palestine? I don’t know this.
    2. Alf
      Alf 21 August 2020 17: 54
      +4
      Quote: Professor
      There were no GDR soldiers. ALL.


      Quote: Professor
      There were no others either.

      Someone else?
      1. Serwid
        Serwid 21 August 2020 18: 02
        -4
        Quote: Alf
        Someone else?

        Did you read your link yourself? Several dozen NPA servicemen.
        1. Alf
          Alf 21 August 2020 18: 07
          +2
          Quote: Serwid
          Quote: Alf
          Someone else?

          Did you read your link yourself? Several dozen NPA servicemen.

          Whom else? Explain.
          1. Serwid
            Serwid 21 August 2020 18: 36
            +1
            Quote: Alf
            Whom else? Explain.

            I didn’t write it about the rest, but obviously it’s about the rest of the Warsaw Pact countries.
            1. Alf
              Alf 21 August 2020 18: 46
              0
              Quote: Serwid
              Quote: Alf
              Whom else? Explain.

              I didn’t write it about the rest, but obviously it’s about the rest of the Warsaw Pact countries.

              Yes, apparently, the professor meant the rest of the ATS countries. But from the rest of the ATS countries, only Romania remains, but Romania is such a political obscenity that its presence or absence would not play any role. And Albania ... Well, let's not talk about sad things.
              1. Professor
                Professor 21 August 2020 19: 31
                -6
                Quote: Alf
                Yes, apparently, the professor meant the rest of the ATS countries. But from the rest of the ATS countries, only Romania remains, but Romania is such a political obscenity that its presence or absence would not play any role. And Albania ... Well, let's not talk about sad things.

                The presence of Hungary & Co. was also symbolic. Brezhnev brought in more than half a million soldiers, hoping to suppress the resistance in 4 days. The Czechs resisted for 6 months.
                1. Kronos
                  Kronos 22 August 2020 01: 23
                  -1
                  The Czechoslovakians began to kill the communists, so they brought in troops.
              2. Sergej1972
                Sergej1972 21 August 2020 22: 20
                0
                Romania condemned the introduction of the ATS troops. On this issue, the population of the country fully supported Ceausescu.
      2. Nehist
        Nehist 21 August 2020 18: 12
        +1
        Read Wikipedia more often !!! I’ll go there now and correct the article and write that there was still a whole division from the planet Nibiru !!!
    3. Andrey VOV
      Andrey VOV 21 August 2020 21: 05
      -3
      Professor, you really got it, you are talking the same thing, calm down already, the old one is already, otherwise the vessels will burst
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. oldzek
    oldzek 21 August 2020 18: 50
    +4
    let me say a few words about ... you were NOT there! and I was. our t-62 tank from the 5th company of the 52nd regiment stood on Pankrats street. for several days. then we moved to the wasteland, and left Prague the last of the tankers. you would have seen that column of cyclists that saw us off at all not with. curses. yes, and then, while we were in the suburbs, we came. I could tell a lot about conversations with the citizens of Prague and ... but what can I say ... you yourself felt everything on the examples of Georgia, Ukraine, and now Belarus. war is going on, quiet, cold USSR lost it ... would not have lost to Russia.
    1. Asad
      Asad 23 August 2020 07: 43
      0
      So the Germans were or not, please end the dispute!
  15. Operator
    Operator 21 August 2020 18: 57
    -2
    The President of Czechoslovakia and the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Czechoslovakia Ludwig Svoboda in 1968 supported the entry of the Warsaw Pact troops into Czechoslovakia by issuing an order not to leave the Czechoslovak military beyond the borders of their permanent deployment, and also accepted the resignation of the old staff and approved the new composition of the Government of Czechoslovakia. Those. the sovereignty of Czechoslovakia was not violated.

    The first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Alexander Dubchek, was no one in the system of state authorities and there was no way to call him. Where they took the specified d ... la and what communique he signed there - for the interstate relations of the USSR and Czechoslovakia, it did not matter.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 21 August 2020 22: 45
      +1
      Well, in all socialist countries the head of the ruling Communist Party was the main person. And in the Constitution of Czechoslovakia there was an article on the leading role of the CPC. Other parties, two Czech and two Slovak, recognized this role and were junior partners of the CPC in the National Front of Czechs and Slovaks, which also included public organizations. Key leaders of the country were part of
      Presidium of the Central Committee of the CPC. The candidacies of the President, Prime Minister, and key ministers were preliminarily considered at the plenary sessions of the Central Committee, and then at meetings of the leadership of the National Front. By the way, both before the entry of troops, and a couple of years after it, the government of Czechoslovakia was headed by Chernik, who condemned the entry of troops. And the new government was basically the same people. TO
      At first, Gustav Gusak, who replaced Dubcek in 1969, also had an ambiguous assessment of the entry of troops. He did not directly condemn, but did not approve either. Then he changed his point of view, but still believed that it was not the best decision. Dubcek, after leaving the post of First Secretary of the Central Committee, for some time was the Chairman of the Federal Assembly of Czechoslovakia. Vasil Bilyak (Ukrainian-Rusyn by origin) and Milos Yakesh unequivocally approved the introduction of troops from the very beginning in the leadership of the KPS. In general, the process of "normalization" dragged on for two or three years.
      1. Operator
        Operator 22 August 2020 00: 21
        0
        I am aware of the leading role of the CPSU and other KP laughing

        We are talking about the official head of state and the supreme commander-in-chief of Czechoslovakia, who put a bolt on the leading role of the local CP in the person of the Presidium, the Central Committee and the party congress, giving the command to his armed forces not to interfere with the operations of the allies in the military bloc

        Therefore, all the screams of the Bohemians about the Soviet occupation are about nothing.
  16. L-39NG
    L-39NG 21 August 2020 19: 11
    -7
    Successful, successful operation? They achieved only that the Czechoslovakians learned to hate "socialism" of the Stalinist type, which was, rather, ideologically close to the Caucasian concept of slavery and had nothing to do with Marxism.
    And the officers who remember could share uncomfortable memories of how they had to retreat, if not to say, flee, from the cities in which there were military garrisons of the Czechoslovak army that refused to obey the orders of the collaborating "communists", for example, the town of Holešov. Remember how the Czechoslovak traitors - "comrades" on their knees begged the garrison military to lay down their arms. There, even the mothers of the soldiers sided with their children.
    The introduction of the occupation troops slowed down the development of society for 22 years. As a result, the whole European collapse of Stalinist ideology and, as a consequence, the collapse of the USSR. I emphasize - Stalinist, but not Marxist. Before these events, we considered the Soviet people our brothers, then we stopped. And do not throw the events of the Second World War into the fire of discussions, the Czech Republic not only made weapons for Germany, but also many Czechs fought against Hitler on different fronts. For example, pilots in the Battle of Britain, foot soldiers in North Africa, Ludwik Liberty's army ...
    We had a velvet revolution, so Soviet proxy collaborators were not tried, they were simply pushed into retirement and advised not to speak.
    1. iouris
      iouris 21 August 2020 19: 38
      +1
      Quote: L-39NG
      They achieved only that the Czechoslovakians learned to hate "socialism" of the Stalinist type, which was, rather, ideologically close to the Caucasian concept of slaveholding and had nothing to do with Marxism.

      You might think there was another version of socialism. In Czechoslovakia, socialism was not built at all, with no face. Czech Republic is an appendage of Germany. The point is not socialism at all, but the fact that our state should have been destroyed, but it won and ensured its security and the security of other states for a long time. The USSR is the winner, and Germany (and Czechoslovakia (with Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria ....)) lost the war to us. Not only the USSR, but also the anti-Hitler coalition.
      1. L-39NG
        L-39NG 21 August 2020 19: 57
        -5
        Not for you, then most likely you were not in the plans. But who lost, etc. The loser, Germany, lives and thrives, but the USSR ceased to exist. So who won?
        And to the question of history - Czechoslovakia ceased to exist in March 1939. Instead, two independent states arose - the Slovak Republic (1939-1945) and the Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia
        1. iouris
          iouris 21 August 2020 20: 28
          +4
          Quote: L-39NG
          two independent states arose

          Yeah. "Independent". From Hitler. Well, you and the storyteller!
          States and peoples develop unevenly, in different geopolitical conditions, therefore, the standard of living is different. And what does this have to do with it? If the USSR lost, our people would not exist. Go to Germany, but not to drink beer, but to Buchenwald. It's next to Weimar. You'll like it.
          1. L-39NG
            L-39NG 21 August 2020 23: 47
            +1
            Our schoolchildren go on excursions to both Buchenwald and Auschwitz, so that they know that tyrannical regimes should not be allowed to lead states. It's just that GLAG is not allowed into museums yet.
            1. Reptiloid
              Reptiloid 22 August 2020 07: 58
              -2
              Quote: L-39NG
              ...... It's just that GLAG is not allowed into museums yet
              and it's good that they don't let you in! There is nothing to look at all lies.
            2. iouris
              iouris 22 August 2020 16: 12
              0
              It is clear: a Nazi who has risen from decay. Began.
      2. Sergej1972
        Sergej1972 21 August 2020 22: 59
        +2
        Czechoslovakia was a completely socialist state with a predominance of state and cooperative property. The CPC is in power. By the way, the social sphere and housing construction were very well developed there, in many ways better than ours. And there were other variants of socialism. There was a Yugoslavian version, it was not similar to either the Yugoslavian or the Soviet Chinese Maoist version, and then Dan's version was different from it. There is a Juche variant in the DPRK. There was Hoxhaism in Albania, which differed from the Soviet, Yugoslav, and Chinese versions. Cuban socialism is very specific, officially Marxist, but really with elements of populist ideology. Those countries in which there was a conditionally Soviet model also had certain differences.
    2. Aviator_
      Aviator_ 21 August 2020 19: 39
      +6
      The Czech Republic not only made weapons for Germany, but many Czechs fought against Hitler on different fronts.

      Was there more fighting than working for the Reich?
      1. L-39NG
        L-39NG 21 August 2020 20: 00
        -7
        And you delve into the documents. You will find there for yourself a lot of unexpected things that you will not be told in Soviet schools and on Channel One. I understand that all documents are under the finger of the State Department, and how could it be otherwise.
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 21 August 2020 20: 11
          +2
          And I was digging. There are really many interesting things. How do you know Russian yourself?
          1. L-39NG
            L-39NG 21 August 2020 23: 35
            +1
            And YOU, if we are on you, look at how many regional airfields in Russia there are or have been Czech radars, although they were at Sheremetyevo. See how many Czech sports or training planes fly in Russia, and even in the Aerospace Forces. You know L-410 or Let L-200 Morava, TATRA trucks that built Siberia, or the ŠKODA plant in Nizhny Novgorod, not to mention passive radar technology and beer. From there I know the language
            1. Aviator_
              Aviator_ 22 August 2020 09: 45
              +1
              You know with mistakes. "TRAINING" is written with "AND". As for the Czech aircraft industry, Khrushchev destroyed the training Yak-60 and Yak-30 in the early 32s to sponsor it. For the ATS countries, the L-29 was then produced.
        2. Kronos
          Kronos 22 August 2020 01: 25
          +1
          There was no need to kill the communists, no one would have brought in the troops.
    3. Alf
      Alf 21 August 2020 19: 44
      +4
      Quote: L-39NG
      "socialism" of the Stalinist type, which was, rather, ideologically close to the Caucasian concept of slaveholding

      What exactly is close?
      1. L-39NG
        L-39NG 21 August 2020 20: 04
        -6
        This is a topic for a great article. In response, I will ask what Stalinism and Marxism have in common. Apriori - nothing.
    4. oldzek
      oldzek 21 August 2020 19: 56
      +7
      The Soviet officers ran away? A fairy tale! But the truth is told by the driver of GAZ-69. Arrived, in the part of the alarm, surrounded the car. Some Czech officer came up, they talked and we left. AND EVERYTHING! and then the order of Svoboda. BUT even before that, not a single shot was fired from the Czechoslovak soldiers.
      1. L-39NG
        L-39NG 21 August 2020 20: 19
        -6
        Dig into the documents. The Ministry of Defense of the Czech Republic will allow you to look through those documents that are, for now or always, classified in the Russian Federation.
      2. Serwid
        Serwid 21 August 2020 21: 24
        0
        Quote: oldzek
        Soviet officers fled

        And what you want, right there in the discussion, many argue that the Soviet soldiers were timid, but the Germans were so tough that the Czechs could not look askance in their presence.
    5. andreykolesov123
      andreykolesov123 22 August 2020 11: 42
      0
      Bravo Peter. Clearly and to the point.
  17. Doliva63
    Doliva63 21 August 2020 20: 06
    +3
    "... the troops of the Warsaw Pact Organization (OVD) countries received the Vltava-666 signal."
    Our intelligence, which entered from the side of the GDR, had a different signal - the Black Path, if memory does not lie. They entered before everyone else and organized the capture and dispatch of Dubchek and Co. to the Union. My father had an album of their minister of culture, like, an artist, where under the inscription "To the winners from the vanquished" are the signatures of all this Co.. I'm still going to find that album.
    1. L-39NG
      L-39NG 21 August 2020 20: 37
      -8
      The Minister of Culture and Information in 1968 - 1969 Miroslav Galuška was not noticed for being able to draw. And I couldn't leave such an inscription. They were able to kidnap Dubcek and Co., then, under physical and psychological pressure, they broke some of this Co., a letter with a request for help "against counter-revolution" sent to Brezhev was signed by Alois Indra, Drahomír Kolder, Oldřich Švestka, Antonín Kapek and Vasil Biľak. The letter was written in Russian, you can only laugh here. The above persons could speak Russian, but they all had problems with Russian grammar. It must be remembered that the Soviet special services have been operating in Czechoslovakia since 1945, even before the communist coup in 1948. Yes, then my ancestors were willing to support Soviet influence in Czechoslovakia, in the wake of the war and in gratitude for the expulsion of the Nazis, but then the Soviet comrades ruined everything with their actions
  18. TAMBU
    TAMBU 21 August 2020 20: 17
    +1


    Serious work is relevant to this day, although, as experts say, not without insignificant inaccuracies ...
  19. Operator
    Operator 21 August 2020 21: 04
    -3
    Quote: L-39NG
    thanks for expelling the Nazis

    We did not expel you, unfortunately.
  20. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 21 August 2020 21: 07
    0
    laughingThe Germans of the GDR recalled the genocide of the German population of the Sudetenland to the inhabitants of Moravia and Bohemia. In the reports and reports of that time, you can read the following lines: "The crew of the tank 64 MSR 55 MSD (Sergeant Major Andreev Yu.I., Junior Sergeant Makhotin E.N. and Private Kazarik PD) on the way of movement met organized by counter-revolutionary elements a crowd of young people and children. In an effort to avoid casualties from the local population, they decided to bypass it, during which the tank capsized. The crew was killed. " As soon as the soldiers of the GDR appeared next to them, everything became calm. The Germans, without hesitation, used weapons. In our time, they prefer to remain silent about the participation of the troops of Bulgaria, Poland and the GDR in the operation. How did the countries merge in a single ecstasy of NATO and the EEC! Some have already added to the fact that the troops of the GDR did not enter Czechoslovakia. However, those who personally took part in those events recall: "The Czechs lying on the roads seriously slowed down the advance of Soviet mechanized and tank columns. The GDR tank columns passed even without stopping, right along the roads lying on the roads ...".
  21. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 21 August 2020 21: 16
    +1
    To our surprise, in the town with the strange name of Jihlava (known to all hockey fans for its Sports Palace), we did not find the slogans and graffiti on the walls that had already become familiar. The town was neat and tidy. From conversations with local gypsies, who live in these parts of a huge number, we learned the details of this strange phenomenon. It turns out that the German commandant's office was introduced to this town immediately after our units. The Germans, with their pedantry and love of order, placed paired patrols at every intersection and imposed a curfew. These guys opened fire to kill immediately after 20-00. Without warning. Anything that moved or was suspected of being in motion.
    On the second day of his stay in the city, the commandant gathered almost the entire adult population in the city square and ordered to clear the city of inscriptions and other nonsense within 1939 hours. Otherwise ... However, the Czechs did not need to be told what the Germans could do otherwise. They have had too sad experience on this since XNUMX. laughing
    Crowds of townspeople, with buckets, rags, brushes, washing powders, solvents and other devices, worked tirelessly. And a day later, the town acquired the form that surprised us so much. True, after that, a delegation was equipped, which tearfully asked, and begged the military authorities, to change the German commandant's office to a softer Russian one. They went to meet them. laughing from the memoirs of a soldier of the 88th separate repair and restoration battalion.
  22. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 21 August 2020 21: 29
    +1
    For a long time already I was told about the Germans by an elderly driver who got into this mess on an urgent basis. By the way, he was wounded in the stomach there and discharged.
    The Germans fired without warning, the Czechs were afraid of them and hated them to the utmost. Ours were treated with contempt and arrogance.
  23. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 21 August 2020 21: 32
    +1
    Falsification of history, the Germans are excused as soon as the unification of Germany took place.
    So he also told how the Germans extinguished the Czechs even for a sidelong glance, but ours had to endure.
    Says:
    "We are standing in the square, the Czechs are yelling, screaming, and one came out in front of us and took off his pants and shows his bare ass. Then a hefty German comes out of a neighboring unit and, like this Czech, he crawled into the crowd on all fours without pants. And the Czechs have quieted down. " laughing
    1. L-39NG
      L-39NG 21 August 2020 23: 39
      0
      And immediately life and education and medicine in Russia improved. And the poor became fewer, and the officials stopped stealing.
  24. Operator
    Operator 21 August 2020 21: 39
    0
    Quote: Gennady Fomkin
    Tank columns of the GDR passed without even stopping, right along the roads lying on the

    Czech lackeys remember very well who is the boss in their "sovereign" house - in Pedovikia they have lost all information about the participation of the GDR military in suppressing the Nazi rebellion in Bohemia and Moravia.
    1. L-39NG
      L-39NG 21 August 2020 23: 41
      0
      Is your post an insult? If I had written about you like this, I would have been immediately poured out of VO
      1. Operator
        Operator 22 August 2020 00: 30
        -1
        You should know our attitude towards you (part of the Third Reich, a NATO member, a limiter and a theater of operations in TMV) - so that there are no illusions.
  25. Vadim237
    Vadim237 21 August 2020 21: 50
    -2
    The introduction of Soviet troops into Czechoslovakia was a big mistake of the Central Committee of the CPSU. 11 years later, the same rake came when bringing troops into Afghanistan.
    1. Kuzmitsky
      21 August 2020 23: 06
      -1
      It is difficult to judge what is a mistake and what is not. We brought in troops - we know what happened. And if it hadn't been introduced, it would have turned out somehow differently. But how exactly - we do not know and will never know.
    2. Alex Justice
      Alex Justice 22 August 2020 11: 31
      -1
      Germany 53, Hungary 56, Czechoslovakia 68, Afghan shameful pages of Russia.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 22 August 2020 13: 53
        -1
        Shameful pages of the USSR - for that matter.
  26. Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 21 August 2020 23: 12
    +4
    In the brochures published in the USSR in hot pursuit, there are photographs depicting officers of the NPA of the GDR, talking with the local population with Soviet, Hungarian, Bulgarian officers. There is no doubt that the officers of the GDR participated in the activities of the headquarters structures, the commandant's offices on the territory of Czechoslovakia. Another issue is the participation of combat units. If it did, it was most likely short-lived, in a small area, and the number of units was small.
    1. Freeman
      Freeman 22 August 2020 00: 59
      +6
      Sergej1972 (Sergey) Yesterday, 23:12
      There is no doubt that the officers of the GDR participated in the activities of the headquarters structures, the commandant's offices on the territory of Czechoslovakia. Another question is the participation of combat units

      Absolutely.
      Units of the NNA GDR only controlled the Czecho-German border. True, there is no information on which side of it. And if "by hu" - then to what depth. They were not introduced into the interior of the country, and the stories about the "formidable Germans" are either rumors or "soldier's folklore."
      1. oldzek
        oldzek 22 August 2020 14: 30
        0
        With age, the memory is worse, but I remember that when we were on the border with Czechoslovakia, we went to visit the soldiers of the NNA of the GDR, it was some kind of radio technical unit. And by the way, someone here wrote about German tank columns so it was nonsense. They simply WAS NOT.
  27. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 22 August 2020 01: 35
    +3
    The Germans were not there - the troops of the GDR did not enter
    1. RoTTor
      RoTTor 22 August 2020 07: 51
      -2
      were, the NNA units acted clearly and harshly, the Czechs were afraid to provoke them
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 22 August 2020 08: 24
        +2
        Army bike
        Due to the sensitivity of the question, they were not entered there.
  28. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 22 August 2020 06: 39
    0
    Quote: Krasnodar
    The Germans were not there - the troops of the GDR did not enter

    Seitens der NVA waren für die Übung "Donau" die 7. Panzerdivision (7. PD) und die 11. Motorisierte Schützendivision (11. MSD) vorgesehen, die bereits seit dem 29. Juli 1968 dem sowjetischen Oberkommando unterstellt waren und füchr den Einmando die CSSR bereitstanden. Entgegen aller Planungen verließen die für den Einmarsch bereitstehenden Kampfverbände der NVA jedoch weder am 20.oder 21. August 1968 noch in den Tagen danach das Territorium der DDR. Die 7. Panzerdivision und die 11. Motorisierte Schützendivision der NVA wurden kurzerhand in die Reserve versetzt. Die NVA beteiligte sich trotz der ursprünglichen Absicht nicht mit Kampftruppen am Einmarsch in die CSSR.

    Dennoch erfolgte in den Medien der DDR eine von der Parteiführung initiierte und manipulierte Berichterstattung, die ein ganz anderes Bild zeichnete. Mit fingierten Filmaufnahmen und falschen Pressebeiträgen wollte man den Eindruck erwecken, dass die NVA sehr wohl am Einmarsch in die CSSR beteiligt war und einen wichtigen Beitrag zur Verteidigung des Sozialismus im System des Warschauteer Vertrages.




    Susanne Meinicke Documents from the German federal archives. The end, the beginning the day before yesterday.

    http://ifolder.ru/8692674

    http://rapidshare.com/files/156502370/prag68b.zip.html
    1. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 22 August 2020 08: 45
      +6
      The 7th Panzer Division (7th Infantry Division) and the 11th Motorized Rifle Division (11th Motorized Rifle Division) were planned for the Danube exercises, which from July 29, 1968 were subordinate to the Soviet high command, and were ready for the invasion of Czechoslovakia ... Contrary to all plans, the NEA combat units, ready to invade, did not leave the territory of the GDR either on August 20, or on August 21, 1968, or in the following days. The 7th Panzer Division and the 11th NVA Motorized Rifle Division were quickly transferred to reserve. Despite its original intention, the NVA did not take part in the invasion of Czechoslovakia with combat units.

      Nevertheless, reports appeared in the GDR media, initiated and manipulated by the party leadership, which painted a completely different picture. With the help of fake videos and fake press reports, the goal was to create the impression that NEA was actively involved in the invasion of Czechoslovakia and made an important contribution to the defense of socialism in the Warsaw Pact system.

      German translation hi
  29. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 22 August 2020 07: 06
    0
    The point, of course, is not so much the fear of the Czechs as in the difference in the attitude towards the Czechs on the part of the Russians and the Germans. Russians a priori consider everyone as younger brothers, until these “brothers” give them a shit about their pockets. And the Germans are natural ubermen, who were brought up in this a thousand years before Hitler. What are these Czechs to them? Manure. laughing
  30. RoTTor
    RoTTor 22 August 2020 07: 49
    0
    Is it weak to repeat?
    The need for "surgical treatment", as it was amazingly beautiful, quickly and EFFECTIVELY then,
    in the post-Soviet and post-socialist space is long overdue.
  31. The comment was deleted.
  32. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 22 August 2020 08: 13
    0
    Quote: RoTTor
    Is it weak to repeat?
    The need for "surgical treatment", as it was amazingly beautiful, quickly and EFFECTIVELY then,
    in the post-Soviet and post-socialist space is long overdue.

    No, it’s not necessary. laughing In the absence of resources and a reduction in the "food supply", "brothers" will have diarrhea laughing
  33. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 22 August 2020 09: 07
    0
    Quote: Krasnodar
    The 7th Panzer Division (7th Infantry Division) and the 11th Motorized Rifle Division (11th Motorized Rifle Division) were planned for the Danube exercises, which from July 29, 1968 were subordinate to the Soviet high command, and were ready for the invasion of Czechoslovakia ... Contrary to all plans, the NEA combat units, ready to invade, did not leave the territory of the GDR either on August 20, or on August 21, 1968, or in the following days. The 7th Panzer Division and the 11th NVA Motorized Rifle Division were quickly transferred to reserve. Despite its original intention, the NVA did not take part in the invasion of Czechoslovakia with combat units.

    Nevertheless, reports appeared in the GDR media, initiated and manipulated by the party leadership, which painted a completely different picture. With the help of fake videos and fake press reports, the goal was to create the impression that NEA was actively involved in the invasion of Czechoslovakia and made an important contribution to the defense of socialism in the Warsaw Pact system.

    German translation hi

    Thus, the second NVA reconnaissance regiment was stationed in Mitrovica near Prague - this is proven because the Soviets were allowed to report there. According to unconfirmed testimonies, the GDR tanks were allegedly spotted on the march in North Bohemia, but the 7th Panzer Division intended for this clearly remained in a wait-and-see position. In fact, the invasion took place so smoothly that the Soviets were quite able to do without NPA involvement on the ground. dunay1968.com/structureOVD.html. It's full of German units. Troops of the countries of the Warsaw Pact
    Bulgarian People's Army BPR 12th Motorized Rifle Regiment of the 2nd Motorized Rifle Division
    22nd Motorized Rifle Regiment of the 7th Motorized Rifle Division
    Hungarian People's Army of the Hungarian People's Republic of the 8th Motorized Rifle Division
    National People's Army of the GDR 11th Motorized Rifle Division
    7-I Panzer Division
    12th border brigade
  34. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 22 August 2020 09: 15
    0
    Now the Poles will figure out how to otmazatsya. laughing2nd Army of the Polish Army,
    army commander - division general Sivitsky F. 4th mechanized division
    10-I Panzer Division
    11-I Panzer Division
    16-I Panzer Division
    6th Airborne Division, 49th Separate Helicopter Regiment
  35. Gennady Fomkin
    Gennady Fomkin 22 August 2020 09: 45
    0
    There were demons. We do not deny this. But they self-destructed! laughing Now the article will be referred to as a refutation of Russian "fakes" about the participation of the Germans (((This is how the truth laughing
  36. vonWolfenstein
    vonWolfenstein 22 August 2020 11: 37
    0
    On this topic, one can say only one thing - what times are such and methods. The USSR defended its sphere of influence. His ideological adversary, the United States, did the same. It was only later, by the 90s, and after the milleneum, they switched from direct military intervention to economic sanctions, bans on the entry of color revolutions, and militants from among local nationalists. To such more "perfect" methods and passed, based on the experience of conflicts of the twentieth century. Because direct intervention will be condemned by everyone. And from the interference, though undisguised, you can "excuse yourself". And the comrades correctly recalled in their comments about the actions of Britain in Greece during WWII.
  37. hhhhhhh
    hhhhhhh 23 August 2020 07: 31
    0
    For valiant work for the good of the Reich, the Czechoslovakians owe us forever.
  38. Doliva63
    Doliva63 23 August 2020 19: 15
    0
    Quote: L-39NG
    The Minister of Culture and Information in 1968 - 1969 Miroslav Galuška was not noticed for being able to draw. And I couldn't leave such an inscription. They were able to kidnap Dubcek and Co., then, under physical and psychological pressure, they broke some of this Co., a letter with a request for help "against counter-revolution" sent to Brezhev was signed by Alois Indra, Drahomír Kolder, Oldřich Švestka, Antonín Kapek and Vasil Biľak. The letter was written in Russian, you can only laugh here. The above persons could speak Russian, but they all had problems with Russian grammar. It must be remembered that the Soviet special services have been operating in Czechoslovakia since 1945, even before the communist coup in 1948. Yes, then my ancestors were willing to support Soviet influence in Czechoslovakia, in the wake of the war and in gratitude for the expulsion of the Nazis, but then the Soviet comrades ruined everything with their actions

    I’ll find an album, see who the author is. Dubchek and Co were not kidnapped especially, since they did not resist at all. And even imbued with how the scouts were courteous to them, so they presented that album. Well, the donkey really ruined everything - Brezhnev showed criminal disregard for what was happening in Czechoslovakia, so the troops had to work for him. In 45 my father liberated Czechoslovakia, and in 1968 he said - I hope I will not take Prague for the third time.