Military Review

The race for the Arctic is accelerating. Whose Russian North will be?

48
The Arctic is becoming the scene of confrontation of the largest states of the world. The natural resources concentrated here, the strategic potential can no longer be ignored. Russia more than anyone else is interested in control over the Arctic. It is possible, therefore, the events unfolding around this issue, take just the same rapid nature.


Arctic without a fight will not give up

Today, Russian Security Council Secretary Nikolai Patrushev announced that Russia will create in the Arctic along the route of the Northern Sea Route a number of facilities for the basing of warships of the Navy and the Border Service.

“A list of key dual-use facilities in remote areas of the Arctic seas along the Northern Sea Route (NSR) has been compiled, which needs to be developed in the interests of ensuring the temporary basing of naval ships (vessels) of the Naval Fleet and the Border Service of the FSB of Russia, ”Patrushev said.

Today it became known that the country intends to build an atomic icebreaker with a capacity of 2017 MW by the end of 60. For the implementation of the project cost 36,96 billion rubles will undertake Ltd. "Baltic Shipyard - Shipbuilding" - the only company capable of performing a project of this magnitude.

Earlier it was reported that "Roskosmos" began to create satellites to monitor the Arctic. The orbital grouping of the Arktika-M system will consist of two identical Arktika-M spacecraft simultaneously operating for the intended purpose. The system should also include the Arktika-M ground-based spacecraft control complex, the ground-based system for receiving, processing and distributing information, as well as the satellites and launch vehicles to launch them.

In addition, two brigades will be formed in Russia to protect national interests in the Arctic. As part of the federal target program, 20 border posts will be built, each of which will serve up to 20 people. The chief of staff of the Airborne Forces Hero of Russia, Lieutenant General Nikolai Ignatov, in an interview recently suggested the introduction of a special Arctic training in the Airborne Forces.

Recall also that in 2007, Russia resumed flights of strategic bombers in the North Pole area.

The uninitiated reader has a logical question about the reasons for such a sudden interest of Russia in the Arctic. We will answer it below, but first we will consider the actions of our competitors in the development of the region.

Many

Our active efforts to strengthen our presence in the Arctic is a forced measure and is a response to the challenge of Western countries, louder and louder asserting their claims to the territory and its wealth.

At the beginning of this summer, a closed meeting took place in Norway between the head of the State Department, H. Clinton, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Norway, Jonas Store. The parties decided to jointly "set rules" for the Arctic.

Indeed, the rules for the Arctic must be established long ago. After all, the most important question - the division of the shelves according to nationality has not yet been resolved. For example, Russia claims to own the Lomonosov Ridge. In this, it is opposed by Canada, which also claims to be a ridge. As evidence of the seriousness of its intentions, this country announced its intention to build a deep-water port in the Arctic and a military base in the Canadian Far North. In addition, Canada has been conducting military exercises in the Arctic for the fifth year, the scale of which is only increasing.

You ask, and what have the United States? Washington is pursuing its own strategy for dividing the Arctic. It is expressed in the slogan “The Arctic belongs to everyone!” And consists in the internationalization of the region. Such a slogan appeals to countries that have no territorial relationship to the Arctic, and they willingly come together in a coalition around the United States.

By the way, the simultaneous buildup of the arctic programs of such states as the USA, Canada, Denmark, Norway and the possible accession of Great Britain, Iceland, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Norway, Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania speaks about the formation of a new military alliance.

Russia's statements about the enormous contribution of our scientists and researchers to the development of the Arctic and about the longest border with it are countered by claims of unwillingness to develop it.

The usual tricks are used, they say, we do not pay attention to the education of the indigenous peoples of the North, environmental issues, etc. It is assumed that only the United States can solve these issues.

And now, in Norway, Clinton and Storey, not at all embarrassed, announced the creation of a center for the development of the Arctic, where Russia, as it is not difficult to guess, was not invited.

“... and you are right that many countries are looking at what will be the potential for exploration and production of natural resources, as well as new sea routes, and are increasingly expressing interest in the Arctic. And we want the Arctic Council to remain the main institution that deals with Arctic issues. Thus, one of the issues on the agenda, as we imagine, is the opportunity for other countries very far from the Arctic to learn more about the Arctic. These countries should be integrated within the framework of cooperation that we create and, in fact, set some standards that we would like everyone to follow, ”Clinton said.

There is something to share

By some estimates, the shelf in the Russian sector of the Arctic contains 51 billion tons of oil and 81 trillion. cc meters of natural gas. These reserves theoretically make it possible to maintain the level of oil and gas production achieved in 2011 for 100 and 120 years, respectively. According to American geologists, about 20% of the undiscovered world oil and gas reserves are located in the Barents Sea.

Given the impending decline in the level of oil production in Russia, shelf projects in the Arctic are of paramount importance to us. Related to this is the active promotion by Rosneft of joint projects with foreign oil corporations. Which, in turn, follows from the shortage of its own technologies for offshore oil production.

But there is one more important aspect - the early start of work on the shelf allows staking out the territory behind Russia.

However, besides the resource, the transport potential of Russia is also great. The Northern Sea Route is of great importance, but it needs to be developed. The distance from Murmansk to Shanghai along the Northern Sea Route can be completed in 22 days, and through the Suez Canal - only in 42 days. Yes, and the safety of the last route every day raises more and more questions. No wonder such a famous shipbuilder as South Korea is boosting its icebreaking program, and China is not far behind.

Another bonus from owning the Arctic is the ability to deploy missile defense systems there, which is one of the US priorities.

Privatization of the Arctic

An ambiguous assessment was caused by decisions taken at a meeting of the Government of the Russian Federation on 2 August. In its course, it was decided that mastering the Arctic without private companies will fail. Therefore, the program for developing the continental shelf up to 2030 developed by the Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources was sent back for revision.

Recall that now the monopoly on the development of the Arctic shelf is assigned to Rosneft and Gazprom.

In this case, the difference in the approaches between D. Medvedev and I. Sechin again became apparent. The prime minister insists on attracting private traders on the grounds that since 2006, the Russian monopolists have been unable to cope with the tasks entrusted to them to develop the Arctic. An example of this is the protracted problems with the Shtokman field.

However, quite recently a serious breakthrough was achieved in the form of the above-mentioned Rosneft agreements with international corporations. This allowed some experts to evaluate the initiative of Medvedev as Sechin’s personal revenge.

This version is also supported by the fact that even such an adherent of the liberal course, as Deputy Prime Minister A. Dvorkovich, spoke out on the decision of Medvedev with great caution.

Indeed, it is not clear how private companies will cope with such complex tasks, why they have not done this before and where to get them now. The most cautious people express fears that in this way penetration of foreign companies into the Russian Arctic is being prepared. After all, the government has promised unprecedented tax breaks to those working on the shelf. What could be easier than to enter the project under the guise of a Russian company, and then transfer the rights to foreigners?
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  1. Vanek
    Vanek 8 August 2012 06: 39 New
    +8
    The race for the Arctic is accelerating. Whose will be Russian North?

    Well, here is the answer.
    1. lewerlin53rus
      lewerlin53rus 8 August 2012 06: 46 New
      10
      The main thing is to take and take measures in time. It will be easier to protect it than then to take
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 8 August 2012 14: 22 New
        +1
        Only it is necessary to protect already! Constant circling the territory, developing the shelf, comprehensive comprehensive study of the region — these are the priorities of Russian domestic politics and the economy!
    2. Sakhalininsk
      Sakhalininsk 8 August 2012 08: 45 New
      +6
      And what do you think? Or, in your opinion, frail Clitors was broadcasting from Fashington about the world heritage with the name Siberia? ... Russia needs to strengthen its defense, strengthen the fleet and army and be constantly preparing for the battle for the Arctic. Such wealth as there Russia can only hold if it is strong.
      1. 755962
        755962 8 August 2012 09: 20 New
        +6
        In a nutshell: The resource war is in full swing.Well time is coming , we must fight. .Without questions. Regardless of "democracy", it does not smell in the Arctic, by the way .. Yes, I completely forgot .., and you need to reserve space for anti-ship missiles and missiles for new icebreakers wink What is horny not joking?
    3. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 8 August 2012 14: 20 New
      +1
      The Russian Arctic MUST BE Russian! Now only Russia has the opportunity for shipping in this region and this should be used. It is necessary to develop all the numerous islands, first of all, to establish military infrastructure and space.
    4. Shulz-1955
      Shulz-1955 8 August 2012 14: 58 New
      0
      The article did not even offer to guess from three times, it’s insulting
  2. lewerlin53rus
    lewerlin53rus 8 August 2012 06: 48 New
    11
    Washington adheres to its own Arctic partition strategy. It is expressed in the slogan "The Arctic belongs to everyone!"

    They say the same thing about Siberia. And to whom all? To all Americans? angry Fuck them bald! am
    1. Armata
      Armata 8 August 2012 07: 26 New
      +9
      Quote: lewerlin53rus
      They say the same thing about Siberia.

      And not only about Siberia. They and Baikal want to make common. In general, why not make Moscow common and leave everything else Russian? It is necessary to throw that under Moscow 30% of the world's oil reserves.
      1. klimpopov
        klimpopov 8 August 2012 11: 13 New
        +3
        near Moscow 30% of the world's oil reserves.
        Now you said, and at the Pentagon you’ve already thought ...
        In general, the hedgehog is clear that Russia, like no one else, claims to be the Russian Arctic North. I’m thinking what if the USA doesn’t burst and resist here, otherwise they can break down in such a race both in the East and in Africa and South America ...
        When it’s interesting to divide Antarctica, the right is the discoverer of the Russians ...
        1. Armata
          Armata 8 August 2012 12: 28 New
          +1
          Quote: klimpopov
          When it’s interesting to divide Antarctica, the right is the discoverer of the Russians ...

          Duck it is necessary to equip the Yankees there on an expedition, if they come out in a year, then maybe it’s worth stuttering about it. And if they don’t come out, then we will come later and peel them out of the ice
          1. klimpopov
            klimpopov 8 August 2012 12: 46 New
            +2
            First, we will reconnoiter everything, we will find everything and the villages and infrastructure there, and then the Yankes will say "like ours" ... They always do that. We need to post now!
    2. lelikas
      lelikas 8 August 2012 14: 10 New
      +1
      Alaska ka-be is also the Russian North - let them make it free for everyone, let’s talk about the rest there.
    3. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 8 August 2012 14: 24 New
      0
      Gag them in the throat and ... isyu in ... opu! am
  3. Apollo
    Apollo 8 August 2012 07: 13 New
    10
    Russia's contribution to the development of the Arctic is invaluable. In my opinion, a quick resolution of the legal status of the Arctic, delaying the solution of the above issue in the future, may lead to undesirable results for Russia itself.
    1. Ustas
      Ustas 8 August 2012 07: 48 New
      +4
      Quote: Apolon
      Russia's contribution to the development of the Arctic is invaluable. In my opinion, a quick resolution of the legal status of the Arctic, delaying the solution of the above issue in the future, may lead to undesirable results for Russia itself.

      A quick decision on the legal status of Russia in the Arctic will be delayed by the United States and the hedgehog with it. And in the end, they will make a decision restricting Russia to the Arctic. International courts, in geopolitical terms, operate at the direction of the United States.
      1. tan0472
        tan0472 8 August 2012 09: 22 New
        +7
        I completely agree. In my opinion, the solution is to declare the shelf your own and to drown violators. No American (and another idiot) will start a war with Russia over the Russian shelf.
      2. Paratov
        Paratov 8 August 2012 11: 37 New
        +5
        Quote: Ustas
        International courts, geopolitically, act on US orders

        A peaceful settlement of the Arctic issue will not work, only military force will be the main criterion for a fair division.
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 8 August 2012 14: 27 New
          +1
          Therefore, it is necessary to strengthen the fleet and strategic aviation! And if you build aircraft carriers in Russia, then only for the defense of the Arctic! And we are able to build icebreakers to ensure their movement in any direction!
  4. Vasily79
    Vasily79 8 August 2012 07: 25 New
    +5
    The development of the Arctic is our priority and everything went on and on. Amerikos has a small intestine to get in there, neither the fleet nor the brain, but there are chances through business. The Arctic is not for us Syria needs to act there, we need a plan for the development of the north according to the type of rearmament for decades to come.
  5. Generalissimus
    Generalissimus 8 August 2012 07: 38 New
    15
    The fuss around the Arctic began with the history of the pursuit of the Norwegian submarine by our Yakutsk. While we were racing, on the occasion we found an island on our side of the Lomonosov ridge. The island was called "1414", which turned out to be an iceberg. They found out about this while drilling, at the same time they found oil under it, and a lot of oil. On this occasion, Comrade Medvedev and Patrushev personally visited the "island". Well, as if they flew to the North Pole ... and then they decided to stop and have some tea.
    Naturally, less than a year has passed since the USA sniffed out about it. Curious satellites hovered over the "island" in geostationary orbit, then reconnaissance planes flew by on a friendly visit.
    At the next OPEC meeting, I had to admit that we were digging there. The United States howled about the violation of international law, they were waved by Qatar and Sweden. However, ours sent all the forest.
    But the story is not over - everything is painfully shaky. The "island" seems to be on our side of the Lomonosov ridge, but this whole small piece of territory seems to belong to the disputed territories.

    Therefore, they urgently create an Arctic grouping, nimble with infrastructure and other things - whoever is faster, that and slippers.

    Grouping is expected in 50 thousand people. Not *** doggy.
    Three special brigades, a special set - Yakuts, Evenks, Pomors.
    Z \ n officers from 110 thousand rubles.
    Aviation units, helicopters, a naval force, your own icebreaker - it seems that the one that is being built is at 60 MW.
    And, what’s most interesting - ta da dame! - combat ekranoplanes. MO immediately raised the issue of resuscitation of this program. I hope they don’t change their mind about them - it’s just perfect for the Arctic, but cool - no words.

    These are the moments associated with the OGVA. God grant.
    1. ytqnhfk
      ytqnhfk 8 August 2012 08: 02 New
      0
      Generalimus where so cool infa? If it `s not a secret?
      1. Paratov
        Paratov 8 August 2012 11: 42 New
        +5
        It is quite adequate! A single group, this is not NATO tattered, with the world on a pine.
        Quote: ytqnhfk
        - who is faster, that and slippers
      2. Generalissimus
        Generalissimus 8 August 2012 17: 22 New
        +2
        where so cool infa? If it `s not a secret?


        About two years ago, it was no longer secret. So far, everything is going according to the schedule, but with the ekranoplanes I definitely do not know how things are.
    2. Igarr
      Igarr 8 August 2012 08: 24 New
      +2
      God grant that this becomes true.
      And, especially, about ekranoplans.
    3. vylvyn
      vylvyn 8 August 2012 09: 30 New
      +3
      That's right. I forgot to indicate that one team will be deployed in Chukotka. In addition, a floating nuclear power plant is already under construction, which will be attributed, if I am not mistaken, to Pevek (Chukotka). They will build about 2 years.
      1. lelikas
        lelikas 8 August 2012 14: 17 New
        +2
        The construction of the Akademik Lomonosov power unit began in March 2009. In May 2010, the Baltic Shipyard began assembling it. As noted by Sergey Kiriyenko, it is planned to commission the power unit of a floating nuclear power plant (FNPP) at the end of 2012 after the necessary tests.
        In theory, they should already finish building, they are going to put the second in Vilyuchinsk.
  6. Ustas
    Ustas 8 August 2012 07: 43 New
    0
    This allowed some experts to evaluate Medvedev’s initiative as Sechin’s personal revenge.

    A tandem is no longer a tandem.
  7. Strashila
    Strashila 8 August 2012 07: 45 New
    +1
    What can I say, the situation is reminiscent of the 20-30 years of the last century. Only now there is no Comrade Stalin who quickly solved this problem but rigidly populated the Northern and Eastern territories. Over the past decades, we buried millions of people in those regions and sent trillions of dollars to probably previous generations.
  8. 53-Sciborskiy
    53-Sciborskiy 8 August 2012 08: 59 New
    +5
    Russian North will be Russian!
  9. Che
    Che 8 August 2012 09: 01 New
    +5
    We don’t need someone else’s, but we won’t give up ours either. Drowning all who will appropriate our wealth.
  10. DERWISH
    DERWISH 8 August 2012 09: 10 New
    +3
    UNTIL LATE it is necessary to confirm all of ours and create there the most perfect and powerful military grouping and punish those who are very tough on joining anything belonging to RUSSIA !!!
  11. AleksUkr
    AleksUkr 8 August 2012 09: 29 New
    +3
    “Russia acts completely legally, trying to justify its claims for the shelf zone in the Arctic,” said State Department spokesman Tom Casey. However, Washington is closely monitoring the situation. All claims of Russia should be carefully studied, according to the United States.
    “We are watching other countries actively pursuing their own interests,” Bellinger said. He said that the United States plans to file an application for ownership of the coastal zone off the coast of Alaska, extending into the Arctic Ocean for 600 miles - 965 kilometers.
    Subarctic states are Russia, Canada, the United States of America, Norway and Denmark; Finland, Sweden and Iceland also claim this status. According to the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (1982), Arctic states have the sovereign right to develop subsoil within the exclusive economic zones (up to 200 miles wide) and the continental shelf (up to 350 miles) they own in the Arctic, although these areas are not part of their state territories.

    In the Arctic sector of the state border of the Russian Federation and on the border territory, the activities of US special services and their NATO allies are intensifying. Over the Barents Sea, flights of US Air Force reconnaissance aircraft were recorded. There, for reconnaissance purposes, warships and submarines of the Navy make campaigns. Norwegian research vessels are also involved in intelligence. The presence of foreign researchers is also noted in the throat of the White Sea - where Russia conducts tests of its nuclear submarines. The activity of the Russian Federation at the testing ground in Novaya Zemlya is subjected to the closest study.
  12. IRBIS
    IRBIS 8 August 2012 09: 33 New
    +2
    There have been talks for a long time about the creation of "Arctic" brigades and the strengthening of the Northern Fleet, and everything suggests that all this should have been done yesterday. There will be slightly more people wishing to bite off a piece of the Arctic than previously expected. The coastal defense division was in Arkhangelsk, it was reduced, but in vain. And the ships of the Northern Fleet were cut. Now all this will have to be revived.
  13. Gocha kurashvili
    Gocha kurashvili 8 August 2012 09: 43 New
    +1
    And let's once on Qatar vie ---- ohm. 1 rocket to the coastal zone. the shit will rise in the world press, and we should be the army ... there was and is no Qatar. But after the order is drawn in the UN, all those condemning together will become silent. )))
    1. Sanches
      Sanches 8 August 2012 12: 34 New
      0
      if the Russian authorities thought in the same direction, they would have long ago solved the problem of the Middle East region with the help of one nuclear submarine. So no
  14. xmike
    xmike 8 August 2012 09: 55 New
    +1
    "the monopoly right to develop the Arctic shelf is assigned to Rosneft and Gazprom" good
  15. AleksUkr
    AleksUkr 8 August 2012 10: 10 New
    +2
    In realizing their interests in the Arctic, the United States pays special attention to the formation of a negative attitude of the American and international community towards the polar states, as to its direct competitors in the region. Washington is conducting a campaign to discredit the actions of Russia and Canada in the Arctic. The levers of influence within these countries are also involved: American and multinational oil and gas companies applying for work in the Arctic, international environmental organizations and other structures.
    The unequivocal disapproval of the White House is caused by Russia's actions. Moscow’s policy of legally securing the territories of the Arctic shelf for the Russian Federation is seen as a threat to US national interests.
    The US Arctic strategy as a whole is consistent with established practice of American actions in key regions of the world. In pursuit of its economic interests, Washington first conducts informational companies of a certain content. At the same time, the US military presence is expanding in the region, on the basis of which a mechanism is being formed for responding forcefully to emerging crises. Obviously, it looks like the U.S. Arctic strategy for competitors will develop, the purpose of which is to expand the US economic and military presence in the Arctic regions, internationalize the NWP and NSR and, ultimately, oust Russia and other competitors from the region.
  16. Evil Tatar
    Evil Tatar 8 August 2012 11: 43 New
    +7
    But I remember that under the USSR, there was a dashed line in the geographical atlases indicating the Arctic border of the country of the Soviets, and in the political line there was a broken line in red, which had a peak at the North Pole ...
    What is the problem? The globe is divided into parallels and meridians, well, designate, in accordance with the sectors of the coastal arc, the areas of the bases of the triangles, the lateral borders (legs) of which are made by the north magnetic pole of the earth ...
    Isn't that easy?
    And where is the shelf? What is a 200-mile zone?
    The USSR did not suffer such crap, and Russia should be sent to the successor of debts and traditions and accelerate the provision of formed plans ...
    1. AleksUkr
      AleksUkr 8 August 2012 13: 02 New
      +4
      Generations of citizens of our country are accustomed to the fact that on all political and geographical maps of the world issued in the USSR and Russia, dotted lines marking the Russian Arctic zone lead from the extreme points of the country to the North Pole. However, the position of our country on sectoral division of the Arctic Ocean has not received due international legal consolidation and full international recognition.

      A strict adherence by Russia to the norms of international law does not mean Russia's rejection of the principle of sectoral separation.

      Russia can confirm the Arctic sector for itself, similar to that enshrined in the Decree of 1926, when dotted lines were drawn on world maps from the borders of our country to the North Pole, outlining our Arctic zone. In the end, there is no legal basis for erasing these lines from the world map.
    2. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 8 August 2012 14: 38 New
      +4
      You can send a barking dog if you have a large stick in your hand that you CAN and DO NOT HESITATE to use! And if he himself with a bare backside in a clean field, then you have to bypass this dog and less to attract attention! Conclusion: you need to get a bigger club and master the skills of its use! And do not forget to shout to the whole world that you drove such dogs in packs ...!
  17. pribolt
    pribolt 8 August 2012 11: 53 New
    0
    A conversation in an article about Arctic satellites, it seems that we are having problems on how to put them into orbit, in the light of recent accidents
  18. red 015
    red 015 8 August 2012 12: 24 New
    +2
    North can only be ours !!!
  19. AleksUkr
    AleksUkr 8 August 2012 12: 53 New
    +2
    As you know, the foundation of any military association is preparation for holding military actions and an object that necessitates such training. In addition to Russia, there is no one to choose as such an object on the map of the North. Therefore, the traditional annual NATO and Navy exercises in Norway and the Norwegian Sea take place according to a scenario that is clearly not friendly to Russia. The United States, which annually conduct large-scale military exercises in the Arctic, does not stand aside from such a trend. Canada also conducts similar maneuvers, concerned about American and Russian activity in the region, and therefore is taking measures, including military ones, to protect its sovereignty in the north of the country. All these states, except Russia, are members of NATO. And therefore, Moscow cannot exclude the possibility of them manifesting to one degree or another bloc solidarity, especially on defense issues. This adds alarming “notes” to the controversy regarding possible directions for further developments in the Arctic.

    THESE CASES ARE YOUR Lords, One thing remains for us - if you want to live, be able to spin, and it is advisable to spin more energetically so as not to be late for the pie section! Pretty fat cake!
    1. lewerlin53rus
      lewerlin53rus 8 August 2012 13: 41 New
      +2
      Quote: AleksUkr
      so as not to be late for the pie section! Pretty fat cake!

      Nehru generally let anyone to this pie! Let there choke with saliva, but at a distance.
  20. strannik595
    strannik595 8 August 2012 13: 24 New
    +1
    what is strength, brother? ... well, when truth has power in the form of army and navy
  21. strannik595
    strannik595 8 August 2012 14: 09 New
    +3
    Her Majesty’s fleet once tried to capture the Russian North, approached the Solovetsky archipelago on warships, even tried to shoot (which walls you probably know in this quiet monastery), but our fighting monks (and there was a whole arsenal in the Solovetsky monastery at that time) showed Britons Who is the boss in the house (in the North). They probably have sclerosis and from time to time they need to refresh their memory
  22. sapulid
    sapulid 8 August 2012 15: 12 New
    +1
    Whose Russian North will be?

    A little ridiculously asked a question :) It will belong to companies registered in Cyprus, Barbados and other offshore. By the way, no one was interested in where GAZPROM, ROSNEFT, URALKALI and other pseudo-Russian giants are registered. Taxes are paid at the place of registration ...

    The article is similar to the call of a drunk from our yard, who did not share a bottle with stray drunks: "Guys, they beat our people." We, of course, thanks to our decency, will help. But, will this "little man" pour vodka on the wounds of the victims who stood up for him, after he takes possession of the bottle?

    Of course, we must think about the conservation and addition of territories. The time of jackals and judas, I hope has passed. But isn’t it time to raise the question of their rational use?
  23. strannik595
    strannik595 8 August 2012 15: 41 New
    +3
    siege of Solovki by the English fleet

    Bell "Evangelist" in memory of the English siege of 1854
    The monastery in 1854 was subjected to fierce shelling by the English fleet. In 9 hours, 1800 shells and bombs were fired at the monastery. The monastery survived the siege and all these events were captured on the bell. Several medallions housed a panorama of the Solovetsky Monastery, the English fleet and the overall picture of the battle. Crowned the bell image of the Virgin and Solovetsky miracle workers. After the monastery was closed, the bell miraculously survived.
  24. staviator
    staviator 31 May 2017 17: 28 New
    0
    The first Arctic contractors soldier