Military Review

Soviet blitzkrieg. How Stalin brought Port Arthur back

102
Soviet blitzkrieg. How Stalin brought Port Arthur back

Pacific Sailors fleet hoisting the navy flag over Port Arthur


75 years ago, on August 8, 1945, the Soviet Union, fulfilling its allied obligations, declared war on Japan. On August 9, 1945, the Red Army began hostilities in Manchuria.

Denounced pact


Contrary to the myth of Japanese and Western historiography about "sudden Russian aggression" against Japan, in reality Tokyo knew about it. First came intelligence information about the decision of the conference in Yalta: the USSR pledged to go to war with Japan on the side of the allies. In mid-February 1945, Japanese intelligence informed the Supreme Defense Council that Moscow planned to secure itself a voice in the future of East Asia. It was concluded that the Russians would terminate the non-aggression pact and side with the United States and Great Britain. The Japanese Foreign Ministry drew the same conclusion.

Preparing for a war with Japan, Moscow tried to comply with the norms of international law. On April 5, 1945, Tokyo announced the termination of the Soviet-Japanese neutrality pact of April 13, 1941. The Soviet government noted that the pact was signed before the German attack on the USSR and before the Japanese attack on the United States and England. Now the situation has changed radically. Japan, as an ally of Germany, helped the Germans in the war with the USSR and attacked the USA and England, Moscow's allies. Having broken the non-aggression pact four months before entering the war, Moscow actually informed the Japanese about the possibility of the USSR participating in the war with Japan on the side of the Anglo-Americans. In Tokyo, this was well understood. Therefore, the desire of modern propagandists (including Russian ones) to accuse the USSR of "treacherous aggression" has no basis.

It was impossible to hide Russia's preparations for the war in the Far East. Since the spring of 1945, the Japanese military-political leadership has regularly received intelligence reports on the redeployment of Soviet units and equipment to the east of the country. However, Tokyo decided to continue the war. The Japanese hoped to the last (like Hitler) for a compromise peace with the United States and Great Britain. In particular, the Japanese wanted to retain Taiwan and Korea. Also, the Japanese tried to use Moscow as a mediator in peace negotiations. Moscow had obligations to the allies and rejected such proposals. In July 1945, the Soviet government rejected a mission by former Japanese Prime Minister Prince Fumimaro Konoe and a message from the emperor.

On July 26, 1945, the Potsdam Declaration of the countries at war with the Japanese Empire was published, which set out the conditions for its unconditional surrender. The day before, her text was broadcast on the radio and was known in Tokyo. Moscow planned to join the declaration, but to announce it later. This raised some hope in the Japanese government. In particular, the Japanese wanted to offer Russia to return South Sakhalin and the Kuriles. On July 28, at a press conference, Japanese Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki said that the empire ignores the Potsdam Declaration and will continue the war. This dragged out the Second World War and led to new victims. Therefore, in accordance with the obligations given to the allies, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan on August 8, 1945.


Tankers overcome the Big Khingan ridge


Japanese soldiers surrender their weapon Soviet officer

Defeat of Japan


The Russians in the Far East were opposed by the Kwantung Army stationed in Manchuria and Korea. The Kwantung Army was operatively subordinate to the army of Manchukuo, the troops of Inner Mongolia, and the troops on Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. In total, our troops were opposed by 48 infantry divisions (calculated), 8 cavalry divisions (calculated), 2 tank brigades; combat strength - more than 1,3 million people, more than 1,1 thousand tanks, more than 6 thousand guns, aircraft - 1900, ships - 25. Japanese troops had high combat effectiveness, the personnel were brave, disciplined, fanatically loyal to the emperor. On the border with the USSR and Mongolia, the Japanese had 17 powerful fortified areas with 4500 permanent fortifications. Also, the Japanese had biological weapons of mass destruction. The Japanese could use mountain systems and numerous rivers in defense.

The Soviet high command prepared two main counter strikes from Mongolia (Transbaikal Front under the command of Marshal Malinovsky, troops of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Army of Marshal Choibalsan) and from Primorye (1st Far Eastern Front of Marshal Meretskov). The troops of the 2nd Far Eastern Front of General Purkaev delivered an auxiliary strike from the regions of Khabarovsk and Blagoveshchensk. The operation also involved the Pacific Fleet under the command of Admiral Yumashev and the Amur Flotilla of Rear Admiral Antonov. The general command of the operation was carried out by the High Command, headed by Marshal Vasilevsky. The USSR created a powerful grouping in the Far East: 1,6 million people, 5,5 thousand tanks and self-propelled guns, 26 thousand guns and mortars, more than 1 rocket artillery installations, and more than 5 thousand aircraft.

In general, the Japanese troops had no chance against the Russians. It is not only a matter of the numerical and material-technical superiority of the Red Army. The Soviet troops, which with fierce battles retreated to Leningrad, Moscow and Stalingrad, and then "rotated the Earth", "took away our spans and crumbs", were invincible at this time. The skill of the command, officers and soldiers was forged in the best school - the German one. The pupils have surpassed the teachers at a huge price. The Japanese army had no chance in this battle. In addition, the Russians repaid the debt - for Port Arthur and Tsushima.


On August 9, 1945, the troops of the three Soviet fronts went on the offensive. The battles against the Japanese took place on a front with a length of over 4 thousand kilometers. Our Pacific Fleet cut the enemy's sea communications. Aviation struck at enemy fortifications, headquarters, communications and communications centers, airfields and ports. On the very first day of the offensive, the enemy's defenses were hacked. In the zone of the Trans-Baikal Front, our mobile units covered up to 50 km on the very first day. Having penetrated deep into the enemy's defenses, overcoming the passes of the Greater Khingan, Russian troops dissected the 3rd front of the Kwantung Army (30th and 44th armies). The offensive developed without interruption. By August 14, our troops covered 250-400 km and reached the Central Manchurian Plain.

The 1st Far Eastern Front was moving in the Harbin-Girin direction. Our troops had to overcome not only enemy resistance, but also mountains, taiga and off-road, rivers and swamps. Stubborn battles were fought in the area of ​​the city of Mudanjiang, where the Japanese pulled together a large group. The Japanese did their best to keep the approaches to the main cities of Manchuria: Harbin and Girin. Marshal Meretskov decided to bypass Mudanjiang and direct the efforts of the main group to Jirin. By August 14, our troops advanced 120-150 km. The Japanese front was cut. The troops of the 2nd Far Eastern Front also successfully advanced, crossing the Amur and Ussuri, taking a number of cities. On August 11, the operation to liberate South Sakhalin began.


Harbin residents welcome the sailors of the Amur military flotilla


A Red Army soldier places a red flag on the roof of a house in one of the settlements of South Sakhalin

Port Arthur is ours!


The entry into the war of the USSR completely demoralized the Japanese top leadership. On August 14, 1945, the Japanese government, having suppressed the resistance of the "irreconcilable", decided to unconditionally surrender, accepting the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. On August 15, an imperial decree of surrender was broadcast on the radio. On August 16, 1945, the commander of the Kwantung Army, General Yamada Otozo, ordered his army to surrender after receiving an order from Emperor Hirohito. True, not all Japanese units laid down their arms at once, some of the troops fought stubbornly for several more days or until the end of August - beginning of September.

As a result, the Soviet armies crushed the enemy defenses and liberated Manchuria and Korea. On August 19, our troops liberated Mukden, on August 20 they took Jirin and Harbin, on August 22 - Port Arthur, on August 24 - Pyongyang. Sakhalin was liberated from the invaders by August 25, the Kuriles at the beginning of September. They planned to land troops on Hokkaido, but the operation was canceled.

Thus, the Red Army made a decisive contribution to the defeat of the Japanese Empire. The Russian blitzkrieg deprived the Japanese elite of the chances of continuing and dragging out the war in the hope of a compromise peace with the West. He thwarted plans for a "bloody battle for the mother country", the transfer of reinforcements to Japan from China, the evacuation of the Japanese leadership to Manchuria, and the unleashing of biological and chemical warfare. The Soviet Union stopped the Second World War and saved millions of lives, including the Japanese themselves (the Japanese nation from complete exsanguination).

Stalin took Russian revenge for Port Arthur and Tsushima. Russia repaid to Japan the debt of 1904-1905, the Japanese intervention during the Civil War. I regained the Kuriles and South Sakhalin. Returned to Port Arthur. Russia regained its position as a great power in the Far East, in the Pacific Ocean. Got the opportunity to create friendly regimes in Korea and China.


The population of the Chinese city of Dalian (Dalny, Dairen) joyfully greets the tankmen of the Soviet 7th Mechanized Corps of the 6th Guards Tank Army


T-34-85 tanks of the 6th Soviet Guards Tank Army on the coast of the Liaodong Bay
Author:
Photos used:
http://waralbum.ru/
102 comments
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  1. Doctor
    Doctor 10 August 2020 07: 00 New
    +6
    Returned to Port Arthur.

    It's a good thing. Only do not show this article to the Chinese. Otherwise they will think that we want to return to Beijing.
    1. Civil
      Civil 10 August 2020 07: 32 New
      20
      Russia repaid Japan's debt in 1904-1905.


      The Soviet Union was such a power of workers and peasants, not the decayed illiterate Russian Empire, not the Russian Federation - a small capitalist third world country, but the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.
    2. Octopus
      Octopus 10 August 2020 08: 24 New
      +3
      Quote: Arzt
      Only do not show this article to the Chinese. Otherwise they will think that we want to return to Beijing.

      )))
      Mr. Samsonov somehow does not draw attention to the fact that China, which is not in Yalta, and which has been hanging various Soviet friends whenever possible for 15 years already, paid for "aid" to the Americans with Japan with territories and cities.

      Which raises some questions about who fought against whom that time.
  2. Undecim
    Undecim 10 August 2020 07: 09 New
    16
    Again Samsonov is tormenting history. Moreover, in 1945, in the alternative reality of Samsonov, two countries are at war with Japan at the same time - the USSR and Russia.
    1. Pavel73
      Pavel73 10 August 2020 07: 26 New
      +7
      Churchill called our country only that way. As, however, and Hitler.
      1. Svetlana
        Svetlana 10 August 2020 08: 01 New
        +1
        They are forgivable, they are foreigners.
      2. Free wind
        Free wind 10 August 2020 09: 29 New
        0
        Most of the Germans called the USSR Soviets. What Hitler called, no idea.
      3. Nikolai Korovin
        Nikolai Korovin 10 August 2020 12: 51 New
        +2
        Abroad, the USSR was called almost exclusively Russia, except in official documents, and everyone living in it was considered Russian - not entirely without reason. And Stalin really mentioned that revenge was taken for the war of 1904-1905.
    2. tatra
      tatra 10 August 2020 07: 27 New
      0
      Well, that's okay. The Russian Empire is also called Russia, in the West the USSR was called Russia, and the Soviet communists were called Russian. And this anti-Soviet Russia - and Russia and the Russian Federation.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 10 August 2020 07: 31 New
        +6
        Well, that's okay
        And really, what's wrong with that, the main thing is that it was pleasant to read.
    3. saigon
      saigon 10 August 2020 08: 18 New
      +4
      So everything is correct in the article, but what and to whom communications were cut by our fleet, the question arises big.
      By this time, the Yankees had melted everything that sailed from the Japanese, so that our fleet conducted and provided amphibious operations.
      1. SOVIET UNION 2
        SOVIET UNION 2 10 August 2020 09: 37 New
        -8
        By this time, the Yankees had melted everything that sailed from the Japanese, so that our fleet conducted and provided amphibious operations.
        Do you want to say that the USSR, like the United States in the 44th, opened a second front so that Stalin did not get everything? Like the USSR clinging to the victory of the United States as the United States clinging to the victory of the USSR?
        On August 9, 1945, the troops of the three Soviet fronts went over to the offensive. On August 14, 1945, the Japanese government, suppressing the resistance of the "irreconcilable", decided to unconditionally surrender, accepting the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. On August 15, an imperial decree of surrender was broadcast on the radio. On August 16, 1945, the commander of the Kwantung Army, General Yamada Otozo, ordered his army to surrender after receiving an order from Emperor Hirohito.
        It turns out, while the USSR was throwing its corpses on its enemies, the US worked with its head creating an atomic bomb and conducting competent military operations, took care of the lives of its army soldiers? After all, during the four years of the war, the USA did not have such big losses as the USSR or Germany !?
        1. saigon
          saigon 10 August 2020 15: 36 New
          +4
          Where was I told about clinging to?
          Patriotism is wonderful, but read carefully I wrote that the fleet did not interrupt communications, since the Japanese had nothing to sail on.
          Our fleet was engaged in landing and transport operations.
          And yes, the Yankes melted everything that the Japs could have, and what they didn’t drown by chance stood without fuel.
          1. SOVIET UNION 2
            SOVIET UNION 2 10 August 2020 17: 20 New
            -1
            I apologize. hi I'm glad I was wrong. But a supporter of alternative history still showed up on the site. His comments are what I mean. Leopold sticks precisely to the alternative history version. And it started back in perestroika. And as we see today it has many supporters. hi
            1. unknown
              unknown 10 August 2020 22: 34 New
              0
              By the way. about alternative history.
              There is a point of view that the atomic bombs dropped on Japan were actually German ones, inherited by the Americans on the occasion.
              1. SOVIET UNION 2
                SOVIET UNION 2 11 August 2020 09: 47 New
                0
                By the way. about alternative history.
                There is a point of view that the atomic bombs dropped on Japan were actually German ones, inherited by the Americans on the occasion.
                I'm not surprised by this version at all! A couple, three more years and ** they will open our eyes ** to ** Real History **! smile Why be surprised !? We are ** enlightened ** since the time of perestroika and the fruits of this ** enlightenment ** are already visible! hi Some commentators here are outraged about political articles on VO. They say only technical issues need to be covered here. But then the site will become highly specialized, and on some issues and closed! And how many techies are there in the country? But the experience of the collapse of the Union shows well what brainwashing can lead to! And it is going quite well! Hatred for the outskirts of Russia has already been successfully cultivated. Hatred of the poor has been successfully cultivated. The process is underway! There is a process of coconization, I'm super, and the rest are stupid animals! This is clearly seen in the comments. Don't you have a home or a foreign car? So you're stupid! It is a pity VO does not write articles-antidotes to alternative history. The further into the forest, the more alternatives there will be. hi Thanks for the feedback on the comment.
  3. Shuttle
    Shuttle 10 August 2020 07: 27 New
    +9
    The point is not that the USSR took revenge on Japan. If we wanted to take revenge, we would not take prisoners. The bottom line is that the USSR really stopped the Second World War. It was the Soviet TS. blitzkrieg and eventually forced the Emperor Hirohito to declare his surrender. And not at all bombing Japanese cities.
    1. SOVIET UNION 2
      SOVIET UNION 2 10 August 2020 09: 41 New
      +2
      And in the history of Russia was when Russia did not take prisoners? Well, the Hungarians were not taken prisoner near Voronezh. What else?
      1. unknown
        unknown 10 August 2020 22: 39 New
        +3
        About Hungarians. With a pre-war population of 9 million people, the Hungarians irrevocably lost 400.
        More than the British and more than the Americans.
        And the Romanians, with a pre-war population of 15 million people, irrevocably lost 1 thousand.
        This is more than the UK, USA and Hungary TOTAL lost.
        The question is, did the British really fight the Americans in that war?
        1. Cartalon
          Cartalon 11 August 2020 07: 10 New
          -2
          And what about the meaning of the war in the murders of their fellow citizens?
          1. SOVIET UNION 2
            SOVIET UNION 2 11 August 2020 09: 32 New
            0
            In this question, you can see who really fought, and who stood next to. But today the question is posed that those who suffered minimal losses are the most skillful strategists! Of course it turns out that those who have suffered the maximum loss are complete laymen! I will not be surprised at the opinion that under the guise of the Second World War, Russia was reducing its population! No offense. Just a look at the trend. hi
            1. Cartalon
              Cartalon 11 August 2020 12: 27 New
              +1
              Well, it is, if the goal is achieved with a minimum of losses, this is a good policy and strategy, in the end we also wanted the imperialists to kill each other, it would not work.
        2. SOVIET UNION 2
          SOVIET UNION 2 11 August 2020 09: 26 New
          0
          The question is, did the British really fight the Americans in that war?
          I ask myself this question too. It turns out that everything was done by someone else's hands, as in the case of a fly with a buffalo - We plowed!
    2. Avior
      Avior 10 August 2020 09: 58 New
      +1
      ... It was the Soviet ts. blitzkrieg and eventually forced the Emperor Hirohito to declare his surrender. And not at all bombing Japanese cities.

      Did the emperor tell you this personally?
      You see, in his address to the Japanese nation on August 14, he said the following
      ... the enemy began using new weapons of unprecedented power. This deadly bomb has caused irreparable damage to our land and claimed thousands of innocent lives. If we continue to fight, this will not only lead to the complete destruction of the Japanese nation, but also give a start to the eradication of all of humanity.

      Maybe he told a lie about the reason for the surrender, politicians often do it, but he said this in his first address to the Japanese nation, in hot pursuit and you cannot delete it.
      And confirmed with an order to surrender the army
      ... General military and naval order No. 1 dated 14.08.1945

      1. The Imperial General Staff, by order of the Emperor and in pursuance of the Emperor's surrender of all Japanese armed forces to the Supreme Commander of the Allied Powers, hereby commands all of its commanders in Japan and beyond to order the Japanese armed forces and Japanese-controlled forces under their command to cease hostilities immediately, lay down your weapons, stay in your current positions and surrender unconditionally

      He called the entry into the war of the USSR the reason later, three days later, and in an address not to the nation, but only to the soldiers and sailors of the army.
      hi
      1. Shuttle
        Shuttle 10 August 2020 13: 33 New
        -1
        You see, military people differ from civilians in that, in addition to politics, they also need clear reasons for action.
        The samurai didn't care how many more cities the Americans would erase. They could fight for a long time. But after the USSR neutralized such a large military force in such a short period of time, the meaning of resistance was stupidly lost completely. Moreover, regardless of what the emperor said, wrote or thought.
        1. Avior
          Avior 10 August 2020 13: 59 New
          -1
          The fundamental decision to surrender was made on the night of 9 to 10, at that time no one had neutralized anything yet.
          In addition to what has fallen under the atomic bombs, it is natural.
          Yes, and on August 14, when there was an order to surrender the army and the emperor's speech, no one has neutralized anything either.
          If you consider it possible to refute the words of the emperor himself about the motives of his actions, then it makes sense to do it in evidence - you need to prove that he deliberately expressed a false pretext for surrender.
          Do you have such proof? Bring me, it will be interesting for me to read too.
          And your inner conviction alone is not enough, you need facts.
          hi
          1. Shuttle
            Shuttle 10 August 2020 18: 21 New
            +2
            Quote: Avior
            The fundamental decision to surrender was made on the night of 9 to 10, at that time no one had neutralized anything yet.

            Maybe. Don't just think the Japanese and their emperor are fools. By that time, the Americans had already burned down almost fifty Japanese cities, but the samurai did not want to surrender. Moreover, they were preparing to resist the landing and war on their territory. To an all-out guerrilla war.

            Quote: Avior

            In addition to what has fallen under the atomic bombs, it is natural.

            Not for the sake of truth, but for the sake of truth as a gritsa ...
            Do you know what it is?

            This is the result of the bombing of Tokyo on March 10th.
            And below is Hiroshima.

            How easy it is to notice the difference with the T. destruction is not significant. Moreover, please note that in the first case it was the capital of the state.

            Quote: Avior

            Yes, and on August 14, when there was an order to surrender the army and the emperor's speech, no one has neutralized anything either.

            This misunderstanding of yours is the root of the whole affair. Unlike you today, the decision-makers realized that the USSR would not be able to help Japan in negotiations with the US and Great Britain - this time. That more than a million combat-ready, armed and equipped soldiers actually can no longer help the mother country. Those. from a military point of view, ceased to exist. These are two. That now there is a threat of intervention not only from the Americans and the British, but also from the Soviets, who not only managed to grind the most powerful in the world currently opposing united army and economy, but also were able to recover and deploy enough forces for a crushing blow.

            Quote: Avior

            If you consider it possible to refute the words of the emperor himself about the motives of his actions, then it makes sense to do it in evidence - you need to prove that he deliberately expressed a false pretext for surrender. Do you have such proof? Bring me, it will be interesting for me to read too.
            And your inner conviction alone is not enough, you need facts.
            hi

            How we think, I do not know. And I maintain that there is no need to refute or comment on the words of the emperor. It is necessary to discuss objective reality, not subjective opinions.
            Or do you think that if it had not been for the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, the Japanese would not have surrendered? And they didn't really notice these bombings among others. Yes, they eventually realized the scale of the destruction from these two munitions. But they also realized that the Americans could not make many of these bombs. They understood because they themselves worked on such weapons. In particular, Yoshio Nishina, a close friend of Niels Bohr.
            By the way, on the night of August 12-13, 1945, in the area of ​​Hinnama and the Sea of ​​Japan, a prototype of a nuclear bomb was tested (or destroyed for failure to surrender to the Soviets) on the eve of the capture of Hinnama by Soviet troops and the surrender of Japan on August 15. I am not hinting at all that the Japanese surrendered due to the fact that they lost their uranium enrichment plant in Korea just on the eve of surrender. But you stated that "no one has neutralized anything yet." It turns out that by this time Japan had already lost almost everything. And the surrender was an attempt, oddly enough, to save the country as a state. That, in fact, the Japanese succeeded in the end. You also need to be able to play.
            1. Avior
              Avior 10 August 2020 19: 58 New
              -1
              It is necessary to discuss objective reality, not subjective opinions.

              That's it. The objective reality is that the emperor, giving the order to surrender, explained the reason that he gave such an order clearly, unambiguously and unequivocally. And since it was he who gave such an order, it is necessary to prove that he gave a false reason before arguing the opposite. And while there is no such evidence, you cannot take your or my ideas seriously.
              in this way
              the decision makers understood

              and said about it unequivocally
              therefore, everything that you wrote about how you imagine the reasons for surrender is irrelevant
              This misunderstanding of yours is the root of the whole affair.

              There is an objective fact - the emperor's statement about the reasons for the surrender, and until it has been proven that he deliberately named the wrong reasons, there is simply no point in talking about something, you just divert the conversation away from the essence of the problem.
              Moreover, the example of the victims in Tokyo you cited is not typical of the usual bombing raids on Japan - there were problems with truly massive raids.
        2. saigon
          saigon 10 August 2020 15: 47 New
          +2
          It was not possible to transfer troops from China to the islands at this time, so the rapid defeat of the Kwantung Army was one of the reasons for the surrender, but not the main one.
          Perhaps against the background of the rapid actions of our army, the command of the Japanese army was scrapped, but this is not a fact.
          The Japanese simply did not expect such actions, the pace of the operation surpassed everything they had faced before, the Japanese army was unable to withstand troops with experience of modern warfare with a strong enemy.
          The tactics of our troops were head and shoulders above the Japanese stuck in the year 1939.
          If the Japanese were ready for the massive use of aviation, then they were not ready to resist the massive use of tanks and the speed of advancement of the infantry.
  4. Olgovich
    Olgovich 10 August 2020 07: 47 New
    0
    On August 19, our troops liberated Mukden, on August 20 they took Jirin and Harbin, on August 22 - Port Arthur, on August 24 - Pyongyang. Sakhalin was liberated from the invaders by August 25, the Kuriles at the beginning of September. They planned to land troops on Hokkaido, but the operation was canceled.

    Thus, the Red Army made a decisive contribution to the defeat of the Japanese Empire.
    Undoubtedly, the entry of the USSR into the war on August 9 buried Japan's hopes for the continuation of the war - this was the last straw that overflowed the ALREADY full cup, which the USA had filled in 4 years of war.

    And already on August 10, Japan announced its readiness to surrender with (with the abandonment of the emperor)

    The decision on unconditional surrender was made on August 14.
  5. Arnaut
    Arnaut 10 August 2020 07: 48 New
    +1
    "I got the opportunity to create friendly regimes in Korea and China."
    I got a headache for decades.
    1. SOVIET UNION 2
      SOVIET UNION 2 10 August 2020 09: 43 New
      +3
      Why a headache? The states are overwhelmed by half the world, and my head does not hurt! Under Stalin, everything seemed to be fine. But there was no figure equal to Stalin to keep his conquests!
    2. andrew42
      andrew42 11 August 2020 13: 56 New
      0
      If Stalin had not knocked China out of the American-British influence, then in 1948 the Americans would have raised a new Hitler from Chiang Kai-shek. The topic is "how did we lose China?" very sharply discussed in the American establishment in the late 40s / early 50s, until the Korean War itself.
  6. 9PA
    9PA 10 August 2020 08: 00 New
    +1
    Brave soldiers
  7. Ros 56
    Ros 56 10 August 2020 08: 12 New
    +5
    In general, we need to expedite the return of all our former territories, which, through thoughtlessness, were transferred to the unreasonable "brothers". This is especially important in the light of the impending turbulent events in the division of natural resources, and not even energy, but the most common - forest, water, arable land, etc. After all, the world's population is increasing, while resources, on the contrary, are decreasing. And in vain some people think that this is a distant future, so I almost lived my life, and did not even notice how it flies by. And I remember the sickle, and the primitive Universal tractor and the trailed grain harvester, and I already found unmanned vehicles. Time flies, you don't have time to look back.
  8. Inorus
    Inorus 10 August 2020 08: 40 New
    11
    2 September 1945, Stalin addressed the citizens of the USSR: “The defeat of the Russian troops in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese War left heavy memories in the minds of the people. It lay on our country a black spot. Our people believed and waited for the day when Japan would be broken and the stain would be eliminated. For forty years we, the people of the older generation, have been waiting for this day. And this day has come. ”
    1. Egoza
      Egoza 10 August 2020 08: 50 New
      +6
      Quote: Inorus
      For forty years we, people of the older generation, have been waiting for this day. And now this day has come. "

      Will we wait until the merits are recognized everywhere and comrade. I.V. Stalin?
      1. SOVIET UNION 2
        SOVIET UNION 2 10 August 2020 09: 50 New
        +6
        Whatever one may say, but Stalin created a Power, not a regional country! And far from spitting on the Russian Empire! The Man Really Knew the History of His Country and tried in every possible way to raise it (country)!
      2. dzvero
        dzvero 10 August 2020 12: 52 New
        +2
        Not in this life, unfortunately sad Maybe in years ... yat and then who will be lucky.
    2. WapentakeLokki
      WapentakeLokki 10 August 2020 19: 10 New
      +1
      .... and now this DAY has come ... the USSR got involved in the war with Japan ... defeated the Kwantung Army in Manchuria ... then through the Gobi and Khingan ... to Port Arthur ... and at the end of the Kurilla ... and .. but here the plug ... that of all THIS watered with Russian blood (+ the remaining peoples of the USSR) received ... but only the Kurils (and that ... still the Japanese do not recognize and demand back) and Manchuria and the notorious Port Arthur were merged into the Celestial Empire ..and that they thank us for that .. but no .. they are not to us .. grateful (and the more time passes so ..) in general, as in the case of Napoleon .. fought, took Paris and .. left ... only they put their own people in a distant land (alas, not ours) .. and where is the profit ... and who after that will say that the IVS is a Genius ... (well, his heirs ... a bunch of people ...) The USSR invested in the economy China ... trained the first specialists ... and ... acquired a Geopolitical enemy ... but that's a completely different story ...
    3. Normal ok
      Normal ok 10 August 2020 22: 23 New
      +2
      Quote: Inorus
      2 September 1945, Stalin addressed the citizens of the USSR: “The defeat of the Russian troops in 1904 during the Russo-Japanese War left heavy memories in the minds of the people. It lay on our country a black spot. Our people believed and waited for the day when Japan would be broken and the stain would be eliminated. For forty years we, the people of the older generation, have been waiting for this day. And this day has come. ”

      And in 1904-1905. Stalin, along with other Bolsheviks, actively undermined the state system and the fighting efficiency of the belligerent country. And he rejoiced at the defeat of the Russian army.
  9. chenia
    chenia 10 August 2020 08: 54 New
    +6
    The total number of troops opposing the Red Army was 1 million people (7, 1 - million Kwantung Army, the rest of Monchukuo and De-Wang,). How did the last fuck know?
    By the Kwantung Army
    160 thousand - irreplaceable losses.
    !, 03 million of the Kwantung Army were captured.
    a difference of 100 thousand, most likely the wounded who ended up in the hospital (only a very small part were able to get to Japan) and small garrisons that the Chinese captured and sent them to a better world.
    Some of the prisoners were handed over to the Mongols and the Chinese.
    Our losses
    sanitary 24,4 thous.
    irreplaceable 12 thousand
    So that Stalin returned the tsarist debts with huge interest.
  10. Vitaly Tsymbal
    Vitaly Tsymbal 10 August 2020 09: 26 New
    0
    The Japanese did not have a chance to offer organized resistance to the Soviet army, which "perfected" the tactics of breaking through fortified areas on the Germans and their European allies, or that in this war there was a grip and encirclement (including numerous landings). The Japanese military did not manage to analyze and timely make changes in the tactics and strategies of defensive operations, taking into account the war in Europe. It's one thing a war for the islands and with Chinese troops (including the red partisans), another thing is Moscow, Staligrad, Kurskaya Duga, Leningrad, Dnieper ... and Berlin. The Japanese army was ruined by "samurai self-confidence", and judging by the number of prisoners, the Japanese did not have those structures that would be responsible for motivating the "war to the end" ... and the Soviet army had an institution of commissars (at 41-42 years) and political workers !!!! Therefore, after the tragedy of the first months of the war, the USSR managed, thanks to party political work both at the front and in the rear, to create motivation for the Victory over the Euro-fascists.
    1. tovarich-andrey.62goncharov
      tovarich-andrey.62goncharov 10 August 2020 09: 58 New
      0
      This was especially evident at the beginning of the war in Ukraine, then in Kharkov. While comrade. Stalin did not close this "heroes" shop. Particularly impressive is the fact that once, instead of ammunition, a propagandist commissioner was sent to the defenders of Pavlov's house ... The story of a participant in the defense of the house is very ... emotional. I advise you to consider these examples to reduce your joyous exclamations ...
      1. Vitaly Tsymbal
        Vitaly Tsymbal 10 August 2020 15: 57 New
        -2
        There are plenty of fools everywhere. It is surprising that today a negative example is the main evaluative indicator of historical events. By the way, Hitler had such a structure, so many of our soldiers died after May 9, 1945. And the Japanese, French, Poles, etc. - was not, so they so quickly and "paws up" raised.
    2. tovarich-andrey.62goncharov
      tovarich-andrey.62goncharov 10 August 2020 10: 00 New
      +1
      Yes, I wonder what then - who and when asked ... l Port Arthur again?
      1. Alexey RA
        Alexey RA 10 August 2020 11: 24 New
        +3
        Quote: tovarich-andrey.62goncharov
        Yes, I wonder what then - who and when asked ... l Port Arthur again?

        Person. who really appreciated the importance of Port Arthur as a naval base: a shallow puddle with a single narrow exit, located on the outskirts. Port Arthur, even in imperial times, did not fit the fleet.
        1. tovarich-andrey.62goncharov
          tovarich-andrey.62goncharov 10 August 2020 11: 51 New
          +1
          But he controlled a lot, no?
          1. Alexey RA
            Alexey RA 10 August 2020 16: 12 New
            -1
            Quote: tovarich-andrey.62goncharov
            But he controlled a lot, no?

            At the beginning of the XNUMXth century, yes. In the middle of the twentieth century, after the great powers left China and the next unification of China, there was nothing to control from Port Arthur. But there was every chance of losing all the forces concentrated there from just one SBS.
  11. borys
    borys 10 August 2020 10: 32 New
    +7
    After reading the comments from Leopold K., the question arises -
    where do these come from? Why are these valiant Anglo-Saxons
    did not defeat Germany in 1939-40?
  12. pogis
    pogis 10 August 2020 11: 36 New
    +4
    Quote: Leopold K.
    Quote: SOVIET UNION 2
    Do you want to say that the USSR, like the United States in the 44th, opened a second front

    The Anglo-Saxons opened a second front in Europe in the summer of 1943. The opening of this front led to the curtailment of the German offensive operation near Kursk and the subsequent withdrawal of Italy from the war on the side of the Axis countries.
    In 1944 the Anglo-Saxons opened the THIRD front in Europe.
    Learn history, come in handy.
    Quote: SOVIET UNION 2
    Like the USSR clinging to the victory of the United States as the United States clinging to the victory of the USSR?

    The United States fought in hybrid war with the Axis countries since March 1941.
    The USSR began to fight with the Axis countries in June 1941. And only in September 1941 it entered WW2 on the side of the Anglo-Saxons.
    Guess who is attached to whom?
    Quote: SOVIET UNION 2
    After all, during the four years of the war, the USA did not have such big losses as the USSR or Germany!

    The Anglo-Saxons generally have an excellent ratio in terms of the number of their losses and those of the enemy. In contrast to the simply shameful figures of the Red Army.

    He lies as he breathes. The landing in Italy began on September 3, 1943, and the Battle of Kursk on July 5, 1943, and so on, everything was in the same spirit.
  13. pogis
    pogis 10 August 2020 11: 44 New
    +3
    Quote: Leopold K.
    On August 8, 1945, the Soviet Union, fulfilling its allied obligations, declared war on Japan.

    Simply put, he attacked Japan, neutral towards him. As before, he attacked the same neutral Bulgaria and Iran.
    Therefore, the desire of modern propagandists (including Russian ones) to accuse the USSR of "treacherous aggression" has no basis.

    Those. an attack by one country on another without good reason (no incident whites), is this normal?
    Then why scold Nazi Germany for 22.06.1941/XNUMX/XNUMX?
    This delayed the Second World War and led to new victims. Therefore, in accordance with the obligations given to the allies, the Soviet Union declared war on Japan on August 8, 1945.

    To avoid casualties?
    Or in order to get pieces of the pie in the Far East too?
    The Japanese troops had a high combat capability, the personnel were brave, disciplined, and fanatically loyal to the emperor.

    All this took place. But not in the Kwantung Army, which in 1945 was an army of pensioners and invalids.
    Also, the Japanese had biological weapons of mass destruction.

    It's a pity that no one has ever seen him.
    But many have heard of him. On political information.
    In general, the Japanese troops had no chance against the Russians.

    Against the Soviet.
    The Soviet troops, which with fierce battles retreated to Leningrad, Moscow and Stalingrad, and then "rotated the Earth", "took away our spans and crumbs", were invincible at this time.

    Конечно.
    The army of 16-year-olds (in 1945 the Red Army began to call for 16-year-olds, 17-year-olds began to be called up at the end of 1943), it is very invincible.
    The skill of the command, officers and soldiers was forged in the best school - the German one.

    In fact, the best fighters of WW2 were the Anglo-Saxons. This is clearly seen in the ratio of losses - everywhere the Anglo-Saxons achieved victories at the cost of a minimum percentage of their losses in relation to the losses of the enemy. This is called the "skill of command, officers and soldiers." And not to fill up with corpses.
    In addition, the Russians repaid the debt - for Port Arthur and Tsushima.

    Soviet.
    During WW2 Russians fought not at all where the author thinks.
    The Soviets had nothing to do with Tsushima and Port Arthur.
    By August 14, our troops advanced 120-150 km.

    Little.
    It should be added here that on August 14.08.1945, 06.08, Japan, after the nuclear bombings of Hiroshima (09.08) and Nagasaki (XNUMX), surrendered. Therefore, it is somehow inappropriate to talk about the further military successes of the Red Army.
    As a result, the Soviet armies crushed the enemy defenses and liberated Manchuria and Korea.

    Liberated or captured?
    Thus, the Red Army made a decisive contribution to the defeat of the Japanese Empire.

    The author needs to write texts directly in the Comedy Club. Can raise a lot of loot.
    Russia regained its position as a great power in the Far East, in the Pacific Ocean.

    1. Russia (historical) finally ended in 1921, after the defeat of the Russian Volunteer Army. And she began to die in 1918.
    2. Russia (historical) has never been a great power.
    3. The USSR has never been a great power either. He was like that only in political information, in the virtual world of the Soviet.
    Got the opportunity to create friendly regimes in Korea and China.

    Yes, by putting Mao on the Chinese necks and Kim on the Koreans' necks, she did them a great "favor".

    The hohloei (laughing) from 72 TsIPSO got drunk.
    1. Alexander Greene
      Alexander Greene 11 August 2020 00: 33 New
      0
      Quote: pogis
      72 CIPSO.

      I understand that our troll was banned? If it's not difficult to decipher, for the sake of curiosity: what is 72CIPSO
  14. pogis
    pogis 10 August 2020 12: 29 New
    +2
    Quote: Leopold K.
    Quote: pogis
    Disembarkation in Italy began September 3, 1943

    The landing in Italy (originally in Sicily) began on the night of July 9-10, 1943.
    Teach materiel, ignoramus.

    You wrote about the landing in Italy, don't jump off. According to Ivan Baghramyan, the Sicilian operation did not affect the Battle of Kursk in any way, since the Germans were moving forces from west to east, so “the defeat of the enemy in the Battle of Kursk facilitated the actions of the Anglo-American troops in Italy” wiki.
    1. Alexander Greene
      Alexander Greene 10 August 2020 14: 05 New
      +2
      Quote: pogis
      According to Ivan Baghramyan, the Sicilian operation had no impact on the Battle of Kursk,

      Here everything is clear even without Baghramyan's authority. Could not the Allied landing on July 9-10, 1943 in as part of one parachute regiment so scare Hitler.
  15. Barmal
    Barmal 10 August 2020 19: 34 New
    +2
    Such events should be given such attention in textbooks so that every schoolchild would know that the Red Army had burst into the zone of occupation of China by the Japanese Kwantung Army and piled up so quickly that the amers had to take urgent measures. You must learn to be proud of your past. Look, the Poles inscribe all sorts of garbage in combat victories. And here the Americans fought and failed. And the Stalinist eagles carried it to the Japonomama.
  16. Operator
    Operator 10 August 2020 19: 35 New
    +1
    On August 14, 1945, the Red Army, having covered from 250 to 400 km in five days through mountainous and desert terrain, reached the Manchurian lowland, where there were no Japanese fortified areas, and the terrain was absolutely tank-accessible.

    Since 1944, Japan was ruled by the Supreme Military Council (the emperor was only occasionally invited to some of its meetings). Crap from fear, the members of the council signed on August 14 the General Military and Naval Order No. 1 accepting all the conditions of unconditional surrender.

    By and large, the Red Army since August 14 did not give a damn about the surrender / lack of surrender of Japan - Soviet tanks did not care what status the Japanese guts were reeling on their tracks.
  17. Kostya Lavinyukov
    Kostya Lavinyukov 10 August 2020 21: 01 New
    0
    Considering the speed of advancement of the Red Army and the position of Japan in the war with the United States (the defeated fleet, the bombed economy), it seems that the combat capability of the Kwantung Army is somewhat exaggerated in the article.
  18. Dron_sk
    Dron_sk 11 August 2020 03: 14 New
    +2
    It was a real blitzkrieg. Only it was not Stalin who returned Port Arthur, but the valiant heroic Red Army, hardened and trained by years of hard battles against the Germans, equipped with the most proven weapons during the same battles. Now it was not the same Army that had met the Germans in 1941 - scattered, inexperienced, poorly understanding the tactics of modern warfare. Now it was a single super-experienced trained single powerful force - the most formidable force at that time, capable of solving any problems. It was not for nothing that the states and the British were afraid of her then. Only after all, the goal of that Red Army was not the embodiment of some ideology of superiority, the goal was the pursuit of justice, therefore, if you do not encroach on justice, then you should not be afraid of the Red Army.
  19. Jurkovs
    Jurkovs 11 August 2020 13: 00 New
    +1
    How Stalin brought Port Arthur back

    Who?
  20. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 11 August 2020 18: 00 New
    -1
    So all the same, the Soviet troops or the Russians? Samsonov settled down well .. prints articles by reprinting where the thread and beauty
  21. Dzungar
    Dzungar 30 August 2020 07: 17 New
    0
    It's a pity then the Chinese gave Manchuria ..... It was necessary to cut it off to the Liaodong Peninsula inclusive. Leave Manchuria as a puppet state under the control of the USSR, and leave the Liaodong Peninsula with Port Arthur to the USSR. And the Chinese ... And the Chinese - FOR THE CHINESE WALL. Inner Mongolia - to the Mongols ... Eh ... It would be ...