Military Review

Artillery innovations of the civil war between North and South

76

Gilland's double-barreled cannon, Athens, Georgia, USA


Oh, how many wonderful discoveries to us
Prepare an enlightened spirit,
And the experience of the son of errors difficult,
And genius, the paradoxes friend
And the case, god is the inventor.
AS Pushkin


Weapon from museums. In front of the mayor's office of the city of Athens in Georgia, USA, stands an unusual cannon from the American Civil War. It is a double-barreled cannon, but unlike other multi-barreled cannons of the past, the Athens double-barreled cannon was designed to fire two cannonballs connected to each other by a long iron chain. The two barrels spread slightly apart from each other, so that when they fired at the same time, the cannonballs had to spread out to the sides for the entire length of the chain and mow down the enemy soldiers like a scythe of wheat. If anything, it should have been in the opinion of a man named John Gilland, who was a dentist by profession but was in the local militia.

Gilland believed that weapons of such lethal power could serve the interests of protecting his community and help the Confederate army. He managed to interest several wealthy citizens of Athens with his idea, who gave money to make a weapon made by the Athens Steam Company. The barrel was cast in one piece and had two bore bores next to each other. Each caliber was just over three inches, with the barrels slightly diverging to the sides. Each barrel had its own ignition hole, but both barrels were also connected by a common ignition hole, so which of the barrels was set on fire did not matter. All the same, both barrels fired at the same time.

Artillery innovations of the civil war between North and South

Captain David Williams' Cannon

Gilland decided to test the finished cannon near Athens, in a field near Newton Bridge. However, on trials, things did not go at all as it was intended. However, this happens often with inventors. Life very rudely invades their fanciful plans and destroys their most beautiful dreams.

So, when Gilland fired from his cannon for the first time, for some reason the two barrels fired not simultaneously, but with a delay, because of which the cannonballs, chained by one long chain, began to randomly circle around the field, plowed about an acre of land, destroyed the corn field and mowed many saplings at the edge of the field before the chain broke and both balls flew in two different directions.

During the second shot, the cannonballs flew towards the pine forest and left a gaping hole in it, as if, according to one of the eyewitnesses, "a narrow cyclone or a giant mower had passed."

The third shot was the worst. This time, the chain broke immediately. As a result, one cannonball flew off to the side and hit a neighboring house, from which a pipe was knocked down, but the second ... hit a cow, killing it instantly.

Incredibly, Gilland considered his trials to be successful. After all, everything happened as he expected. It was not his fault that the chain was fragile! He tried to sell the weapon to the Confederate army arsenal, but the arsenal commander found it unusable and sent it back to Athens. Gilland persistently tried to offer his invention to other military leaders, but was refused everywhere.

In the end, it was decided to use the gun as a signal and leave it in Athens to warn the townspeople of the advancing Yankees. After the war ended, the city sold its double-barreled cannon, but bought it back in the 1890s and installed it in front of the mayor's office as a local landmark. After all, there is no such thing anywhere else, not in the USA, not in the whole world! And she still looks north - as a symbolic defiance of the southerners' foes!


The breech of the gun by David Williams

But the gun of Captain David Williams, who also developed it for the Confederate Army of the Southern States, was more fortunate. It was a one-pound rapid-fire cannon, which was put into service in the same year 1861.

The Williams gun had a steel barrel 4 feet (1,2 m) long and a caliber of 1,57 inches (about 4 cm). The maximum range to which it could send its projectile was 2000 meters, the aiming range was half as much - 1000 meters. The bolt was opened and closed by turning the lever on the right side of the breech of the gun. In this case, the charge with the projectile was simultaneously sent to the barrel. At the same time, the drummer's spring was cocked, which, of course, was very convenient. Well, the shot itself was fired with the same handle as it moved forward and downward.


Side view

However, the loading of the gun was not mechanized. It was still manual and, moreover, separate: that is, after the bolt was opened, the loader put a projectile on its tray, then a powder cap made of waxed paper, and then put the capsule on the ignition tube. All these operations slowed down the firing process in order, however, as tests showed, a well-trained crew consisting of a shooter, a loader and a carrier of ammunition when firing with a constant sight could develop an unprecedented rate of fire of 20 rounds per minute. And this despite the fact that the rate of fire of muzzle-loading guns of the same caliber did not exceed then two rounds per minute.


A typical XNUMXth century muzzle-loading gun from Špilberk Castle in the Czech city of Brno could have successfully fought in the years of the American Civil War, although it would probably have been considered morally obsolete. Technological progress was so slow then ...

It is clear that it was impossible to sustain such a high rate of fire for a long time with manual loading. The crew, of course, got tired, the ignition tube was clogged with carbon deposits, it had to be cleaned, and the gun itself became very hot from frequent firing. Therefore, it also had to be cooled, for which it was poured with water from a bucket. But when repelling enemy attacks, it was Williams' guns that were very convenient.


Proof that this gun was made in 1795!

However, they had another very serious drawback that prevented their wide distribution during the war: they were difficult to manufacture and, as a result, their price was very high. Its cost was $ 325, while a conventional infantry capsule rifle cost only about three dollars then! Therefore, for the money that could buy just one such quick-fire, it would be possible to purchase weapons for more than a hundred soldiers.


Exactly the same ship cannons near the princely palace in Monaco

It is clear that the command of the Confederate army, under all circumstances, simply could not help but like it, and it, delighted with its firepower, already in September 1861 made an order for a six-gun battery. A year later, on May 3, 1862, a battery of guns, commanded by Captain Williams himself, was already participating in the Battle of Seven Pines. The debut of the gun was very successful, so new orders followed from the army. The data in different sources differ, but it is believed that the southerners managed to make from 40 to 50 Williams design guns. They distinguished themselves in many battles, inflicted serious losses on the enemy, but due to the fact that there were very few of them, they did not have a noticeable effect on the course of the war.

So the civil war in the United States, like all other wars, in the most significant way moved military affairs forward and contributed to the development of industry as a whole. Moreover, much of what was previously proposed in peacetime has not been embodied in metal, but more technologically advanced and easily feasible solutions have appeared in the war years. Here, for example, is the patent of R.T.Loper from 1844 for a tool made of a variety of steel rings. To some extent, this was a reanimation of the design of XNUMXth century guns, but at a higher level. The idea was not embodied in metal, since a very high precision was required for the manufacture of these rings and the shirt itself, into which they would be inserted. Speaking in Russian, it wasn't worth the candle!


R. T. Lopera patent

In 1849, a similar design, only this time a breech-loading gun, was proposed by B. Chamber. Also a barrel of separate rings, assembled together and with a screw bolt in the breech.


V. Chamber's patent

The weapon never saw the light, but it was on the battlefields of the Civil War that the piston breech block of Whitworth's design, which stood on his guns with a hexagonal bore, was tested.


The device of the Whitworth piston bolt and the shells for his gun

Here, however, all the designers of new guns were surpassed by R.P. Parrott, who received a patent for his gun on October 1, 1861. Without further ado, he simply pulled a metal pipe (casing) onto the breech of the then gun (it doesn't matter, smooth-bore or rifled!), Which immediately sharply reduced the likelihood of a barrel rupture in this part of it. Here in the muzzle, let it break there, God bless her. And it got to the point that the crews of the guns simply sawed off the torn part of the barrel and ... fired on!


R.P. Parrott patent

However, the design of Columbiades by Thomas Jackson Rodman was even simpler, although it had a technological "flavor". The barrels were cast from ordinary cast iron, but at the same time they were cooled from the inside and heated from the outside, which made it possible to obtain a very strong crystal structure in the finished product. Moreover, in the course of time, they thought of inserting liners into the channel of smooth-bore guns and turning the guns into rifled ones!


Rodman Cannons at Fort Trumbull


Scheme of converting Rodman's smooth-bore 13-inch cannon into a 10-inch rifled gun, loaded from a muzzle. The fastening pins holding the liner are clearly visible

It is interesting that immediately after the end of the war, a book was published in the United States, which summarized almost all the experience of creating and using artillery pieces during this war. Descriptions, statements of experts and even discussions on certain issues - everything got on its pages, including very interesting graphic schemes of guns that appeared or were offered at that particular time, that is, from 1861 to 1865, with the main attention being paid to heavy guns. shooting at armored ships.


Cover of this edition


Diagram of a fastened weapon under the Lancaster patent


Diagram of the 68-pounder Parrotta gun


Diagram of one of the first guns with a barrel screwed from several pipes. Later it became common, but in 1865 it was a truly revolutionary proposal.

And, finally, this fantastic project: the "accelerating" multi-chamber cannon of the American Azel Storr Lyman, who received federal patent No. 14568 for it on February 3, 1857. This gun had several powder chambers, the charges in which were ignited sequentially.


Lyman-Haskell multi-chamber cannons as part of the coastal battery of the future. Illustration from Scientific American, January 28, 1882

From 1857 to 1894, Lyman, along with Colonel Jace Haskell, even managed to build several of these multi-chamber guns, although they used ordinary black powder. True, these guns did not show a special increase in the initial velocity of the projectile. So, for a 6-inch (152-mm) gun in 1870, the projectile speed was about 330 m / s, and during the tests in 1884 - 611 m / s, that is, only 20% higher than in "normal" guns of the same caliber, with a disproportionately greater mass and undoubted technical complexity of a multi-chamber gun. So the project was not needed and soon everyone forgot about it.


Layman's multi-chamber gun scheme. No, it is not for nothing that it is said that everything new is a well-forgotten old!

But the idea is not dead! She again embodied in metal, only this time in Nazi Germany, where on the banks of the Pas-de-Calais the Germans even began to build a super-powerful multi-chamber cannon "Centipede" (or "High pressure pump") for shelling London, and even not one, but in the amount of 50 pieces. The allies, of course, bombed the stationary positions of this battery with super-powerful Tallboy bombs, but its lightweight version even managed to shoot at Luxembourg, which was occupied by American troops. Here is such a curious zigzag of technical creativity!


A prototype of a multi-chamber cannon designed by German engineer August Könders at the Laatzig test site, 1942. Bundesarchiv, Bild 146-1981-147-30A

To be continued ...
Author:
Articles from this series:
Mortars "Dictator" in the battles of the North against the South
Shuvalov's "secret howitzer"
North and South: smooth-bore and rifled guns
US Civil War ammunition
The most popular caliber of the North and South
Cannons of Tredegar and the Noble Brothers
Cannons of Brooke and Viard
James and Sawyer cannons: rifled versus smoothbore
"The parrot gun." Man and his instrument
Faceted bore gun
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 06: 07 New
    +6
    Second Author's article for Saturday morning! Gorgeous, the editors spoil us, however!
    The closest version of the "American double-barreled gun", our "twins" of the mid-18th century. They were also recognized as unsuccessful. And so the idea is obvious. I read somewhere that they tried to practice this in the Dutch Navy. True, they fired from two guns in one gulp. Faced a similar problem - the impossibility of a simultaneous shot. Although if there is a desire to simultaneously kill an innocent cow and destroy the house of a conditionally guilty neighbor !!! That's just right !!!!! Especially if you imagine what a six-gun battery of such cannons can do !!! Buratino is crying on the sidelines. laughing
    And most importantly - Happy International Cat Day !!!
    1. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 8 August 2020 06: 25 New
      +4
      Hello, Vlad!
      Why Buratino? recourse
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 06: 28 New
        +2
        Hello Anton!
        TOS -1 "Buratino" wassat
        True, there is a great chance that the target at which this battery will shoot will get off with a slight fright !!!!!!
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 8 August 2020 06: 40 New
          +5
          It probably made sense to use "quotes".
          Otherwise, I was still trying to understand in which episode of the "Golden Key" the anthropomorphic dendromutant was marked by the destruction of civil buildings and the slaughter of cattle.
          1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
            Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 06: 47 New
            +3
            Well, Malvina Buratino also has a little bit of naughty! Now, if Pinocchio had a double-barreled cannon, then Karabas-Barabas, Basilio the Cat and all the other characters of the tale would have been crying on the sidelines !!!
            "A boy found an anti-aircraft gun in the village
            Tu-104 did not come home! "
            As for the quotes Anton, you're right !!!
            "Followers of Krishna are looking for the descendants of the Author of the American double-barreled gun - the reward is guaranteed" !!!
            1. Catfish
              Catfish 8 August 2020 07: 46 New
              +4
              Well, Malvina Buratino also has a little bit of naughty!


              This is who thinks ... laughing
          2. Catfish
            Catfish 8 August 2020 07: 57 New
            +5
            Anton, hello! fellow
            Where did you disappear, work stuck?
            Why did he call a good boy a dendromutant, hi? laughing
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 8 August 2020 08: 07 New
              +3
              Uncle Kostya! hi
              1. Like that.
              2. Not named, but gave a scientific definition. Do you want to refute?
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 8 August 2020 08: 11 New
                +4
                Do you want to refute?

                In figs it is not necessary, what's the difference what is the name of what you heat the stove with - if only it burns. yes
            2. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 8 August 2020 08: 14 New
              +7
              Figasse, good boy! As soon as he crossed the threshold of his father's closet, he began to stock up on secondhand and the family library. Further: he mocked the disabled, squeezed the "golden" key-card from the turtle and, in the end, led the android revolt!
              1. Catfish
                Catfish 8 August 2020 08: 15 New
                +5
                What can you do, he has such a wooden childhood. laughing
              2. Korsar4
                Korsar4 8 August 2020 12: 57 New
                +4
                But he is charming.
                1. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 8 August 2020 13: 12 New
                  +4
                  "I am a chocolate bunny,
                  I am an affectionate bastard "(C)
                2. Phil77
                  Phil77 8 August 2020 13: 16 New
                  +4
                  Quote: Korsar4
                  But he is charming

                  Hello, Sergey!
                  I agree with you!
                  * Buratino sits and talks to himself:
                  -This is my immaculate conception, and my father is a carpenter. * winked
            3. Kote Pan Kokhanka
              Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 08: 54 New
              +2
              Quote: Sea Cat
              Anton, hello! fellow
              Where did you disappear, work stuck?
              Why did he call a good boy a dendromutant, hi? laughing

              Yeah "Polenus common knotty (Category - B)"!
              1. Phil77
                Phil77 8 August 2020 17: 00 New
                +3
                Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
                Yeah "Polenus common knotty (Category - B)"!

                Vlad, what kind of tree was Buratino made of? If according to Collodi, then from pine. And Tolstoy A.N., alas, does not specify. Options? no
                1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                  Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 17: 49 New
                  +3
                  Quote: Phil77
                  Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
                  Yeah "Polenus common knotty (Category - B)"!

                  Vlad, what kind of tree was Buratino made of? If according to Collodi, then from pine. And Tolstoy A.N., alas, does not specify. Options? no

                  Didn't you think about it? recourse
                  So oak-oak !!! If, after all, it is fired, then it’s definitely birch !!!
                  1. Phil77
                    Phil77 8 August 2020 17: 57 New
                    +2
                    Quote: Kote Pan Kokhanka
                    If, after all, it is fired, then it’s definitely birch !!!
                    Reply

                    Nope! A log is just a sawn piece of wood! No more. Pine? Like Collodi's? Not an option. I think it's either birch or linden. Well, we don't take exotic things into account! I'm glad to talk to you, damn glad !!!
                    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 18: 04 New
                      +2
                      Mutually!!! hi
                      1. Phil77
                        Phil77 8 August 2020 18: 08 New
                        +2
                        But about * Ginger cat *, yes! There is definitely no such thing, amigo! With deepest respect to you, I.
                    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 18: 45 New
                      +2
                      "Paleno is just a sawn piece of wood"!
                      If we come from an applied point of view, it turns out that it is burnt in the case of splitting a longitudinal cut of a tree !!!
                      So Pinocchio was first cut out, and then, like a cleaver, they gave it away, and not necessarily along the top part it could fly along the "back".
                      Now I can't look at the woodpile without pity !!! How many Buratin did not go from shock !!!!!!!!
                      1. Phil77
                        Phil77 8 August 2020 18: 51 New
                        +2
                        My friend! So who is he? Is it? What tree ????? I like the clip! Cut to amazement nicely and softly.
                      2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                        Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 20: 19 New
                        +1
                        Not only. Linden makes chic washcloths. It is good that they reminded me to pick a log somewhere !!!
                    3. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 8 August 2020 21: 02 New
                      +1
                      "And he walked around the world, whistling,
                      I cut my girlfriend out of the bark "(C)
                    4. Phil77
                      Phil77 9 August 2020 05: 12 New
                      +1
                      Here! Anton and Sergei came yesterday. And our whole romantic dispute was vulgarized! Builders! laughing
                2. 3x3zsave
                  3x3zsave 8 August 2020 20: 59 New
                  +2
                  Linden or aspen.
                  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                    Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 21: 03 New
                    +2
                    Quote: 3x3zsave
                    Linden or aspen.

                    As far as I know from linden!
                    Aspen is weed wood - it is used only for cleaning river pipes from soot. Although I lie in an aspen bathhouse it is easy to breathe. But where to get it not sieve.
                    1. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 8 August 2020 21: 08 New
                      +3
                      But where to get it
                      In St. Petersburg - as much as you like! Moreover, it is cheaper than linden.
                    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 21: 52 New
                      0
                      So Anton only sell clapboard, and I'm talking about logs for a bath.
                      True, aspen, unlike linden, quickly darkens from the heat.
                    3. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 8 August 2020 22: 11 New
                      0
                      Yes, clapboard. But it is better to build a bathhouse from available material and upholstery with aspen clapboard than to achieve authenticity. Aren't we "sick reenactors"?
                      It gets dark, by the way, mainly at the bottom. Heat and water are the main parameters for the prosperity of microorganisms.
                    4. Kote Pan Kokhanka
                      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 22: 19 New
                      +1
                      But half a century ago, Anton aspen baths were the norm for the middle Urals! Today, alas, almost all aspen with a rotten core.
                    5. 3x3zsave
                      3x3zsave 8 August 2020 22: 29 New
                      +2
                      Buddy! I am not a fan of the bath from the word "absolutely"! I'm just building them.
                  2. Phil77
                    Phil77 9 August 2020 08: 35 New
                    +1
                    Oh, Anton! And who is this * minus * slapped, eh? If only I could find out the reason? recourseCorrected! good
      2. Korsar4
        Korsar4 8 August 2020 22: 21 New
        +2
        Pine. Therefore, when Barabasa threw cones from a pine tree at Karabas, he felt himself under reliable protection.
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 8 August 2020 22: 31 New
          +1
          Flesh of flesh. Pinocchio - the offspring of the druids?
          1. Korsar4
            Korsar4 8 August 2020 22: 46 New
            +2
            Not. The druids did not swing the plane unnecessarily.
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 8 August 2020 22: 53 New
              0
              Can you put in a good word for the druids? I will read it with pleasure! On any resource!
            2. Korsar4
              Korsar4 8 August 2020 23: 12 New
              +1
              Come on, as a hobby, I'll first deal with slash-and-burn farming. And then the topic climbs so much in different directions.

              With the Druids, I really liked that little was recorded. Is that the prayers, without which you can not do.
    2. Korsar4
      Korsar4 8 August 2020 22: 23 New
      +1
      And another argument - Pinocchio. And pine in Latin is Pinus.
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 8 August 2020 22: 56 New
        +1
        This is obvious from the etymology.
  • Catfish
    Catfish 8 August 2020 07: 35 New
    +4
    Vlad, hello and good morning! smile
    Happy International Cat Day !!!

    This is serious? But even if not, I sincerely congratulate you on our holiday! drinks
    And the idea of ​​a double-barreled gun is still alive and not dying.

    Self-propelled mortar AMOS. Swedish-Finnish "double barrel"
    1. Phil77
      Phil77 8 August 2020 08: 49 New
      +4
      Quote: Sea Cat
      This is serious? But even if not, I sincerely congratulate you on our holiday!

      This is very serious!
      I give a complete list:
      June 8 is the holiday of the Petrograd cat / passed /,
      September 5 is the holiday of the Kaliningrad cat,
      November 17 is the day of the Black Cat / Italy /,
      February 17-day of cats / Poland /,
      March 1 is the day of Russian cats / well, some thoughts climb into an unlucky head! belay /, and finally, a holiday for the elite!
      March 27! Day of the Hermitage cat!
      Please love and respect!
      Have a great weekend everyone! good
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 08: 58 New
        +4
        Thank you Sergey for the complete list of reasons !!! "Day of the faceted glass, Cockroach and taking the Bastille" is resting !!!
        Now for Anton and VikNik to lay out the day of dogs and dog lovers, and drinks !!!! hi
        1. Phil77
          Phil77 8 August 2020 09: 00 New
          +4
          By yourself, by yourself, by yourself! wink
          But ... here's the fact that there is no Moscow cat day on the list? Surprised. Luzhkov did not complete his work here. I don’t want to talk about the current * measure *! am
        2. Phil77
          Phil77 8 August 2020 09: 05 New
          +4
          Although, okay! July 2. Alas, passed! laughing
          1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
            Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 10: 24 New
            +3
            Yes, it makes sense in retirement to organize a bike club "Black cat around the corner" and travel around the world, promoting "Boris the cat, whiskas and beer" !!!
            "Cats for Peace in the Sea of ​​Beer" !!! How do you like the slogan !!!! laughing
            1. Phil77
              Phil77 8 August 2020 11: 54 New
              +3
              Too late, buddy! Already exists in sunny Krasnodar.
              * Black Cats WMCC *. bully
        3. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 8 August 2020 16: 14 New
          +3
          Already posted. On another resource.
          1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
            Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 17: 45 New
            +2
            Quote: Phil77
            Too late, buddy! Already exists in sunny Krasnodar.
            * Black Cats WMCC *. bully

            Quote: 3x3zsave
            Already posted. On another resource.

            So it will be "Shameless red cat" !!! laughing
            1. 3x3zsave
              3x3zsave 8 August 2020 21: 12 New
              +2
              I'm, in fact, about today's article about service dogs, on "varheda".
  • The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 8 August 2020 07: 24 New
    +6
    Yes, Vyacheslav Olegovich. you know how to cheer up on weekends! Personally, I was "struck" by a double-barreled gun!)))
  • 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 8 August 2020 07: 38 New
    +3
    Gilland's double-barreled cannon,
    "There is no number of victories of the human mind over common sense!" laughing
    Chain artillery shells were invented and successfully used for a century and a half, and not only in the navy.
    Thank you, Vyacheslav Olegovich!
  • Free wind
    Free wind 8 August 2020 07: 38 New
    +3
    The double-barreled gun is interesting. It is difficult to synchronize shots. And I would make a single-barreled version with a chain. Only now he tied the chain to the gun carriage, fired it, and hit the enemy with a cannonball, and dragged the cannon to a new place, and mobility increased a lot. wassat
    1. mr.ZinGer
      mr.ZinGer 8 August 2020 08: 53 New
      +4
      No, then I dragged the core back by the chain and charged it again
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 8 August 2020 09: 24 New
        +5
        It would be better then to make the core on a rubber band so that it would fly back into the barrel itself. Just have time to throw the gunpowder with a shovel, after the shot. laughing
        1. 3x3zsave
          3x3zsave 8 August 2020 21: 47 New
          0
          rubber core
          As if, in the return line, its core did not fly. laughing
    2. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 08: 59 New
      +3
      Quote: Free Wind
      The double-barreled gun is interesting. It is difficult to synchronize shots. And I would make a single-barreled version with a chain. Only now he tied the chain to the gun carriage, fired it, and hit the enemy with a cannonball, and dragged the cannon to a new place, and mobility increased a lot. wassat

      Calculation numbers are not enough !!! wassat
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 8 August 2020 09: 19 New
        +3
        In honor of your holiday, you have beer, and a lot of kitiket for a snack .. For the calculation, it is not necessary to sit on horseback when moving on a cannon. you can run nearby. laughing
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 10: 19 New
          +2
          Based on the three experienced shots of the American woman, the cannonballs fly wherever they go (into the ground, a pine forest, the houses of neighbors and into cattle), so the cananians have no chances !!! drinks
    3. Nikolaevich I
      Nikolaevich I 8 August 2020 12: 04 New
      +3
      Quote: Free Wind
      I would do a single-barreled version with a chain. Only now he tied the chain to the gun carriage, fired it, and hit the enemy with a cannonball, and dragged the cannon to a new place, and the mobility is much increased

      Actually, it is not clear why it was necessary to "invent" such a trick! Indeed, at that time KNIPPELS were already known!
      There were other ... even more intricate designs! And all this was fired from one barrel!
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 8 August 2020 12: 28 New
        0
        I saw it in the pictures, the designers thought how to increase the lethal force of the nuclei when used against the infantry. But the nuclei with the chain, "bola, it turns out," the chain seems to me to jam between the kernel and the barrel.
      2. Alf
        Alf 8 August 2020 15: 45 New
        +1
        Quote: Nikolaevich I
        Indeed, at that time KNIPPELS were already known!

        So it is in Europe.
  • Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 8 August 2020 07: 44 New
    +3
    There are, nevertheless, chagrin in life when instead of bread you eat cookies! The article mentioned the Williams (Williams) speed-gun ... But where did Ager's "devilish coffee grinder" go? Or ... Ager's "goddamn mill"? After all ... the then alternative to Williams' quick-fire! A competitor on the battlefield!

    1. Catfish
      Catfish 8 August 2020 08: 18 New
      +4
      Hi Vladimir! hi
      I'm so simple here, insert a general view.

      1. Nikolaevich I
        Nikolaevich I 8 August 2020 09: 02 New
        +2
        I wish you good health, Konstantin! fellow Quite by the way! It won't hurt at all, and "even, on the contrary! yes
        1. Undecim
          Undecim 8 August 2020 12: 33 New
          +3

          By the way, this sample implements such ideas as a replaceable barrel and purging the barrel after a shot.
  • alma
    alma 8 August 2020 08: 20 New
    11
    Thank you Vyacheslav. Some innovators' ideas are really noteworthy. hi
  • Catfish
    Catfish 8 August 2020 08: 30 New
    +4
    Still, these two guns, Eger and Williams, were an undoubted step forward, especially in comparison with the rest of the "old-coveted" artillery.

    Modern working replicas of the guns of Eger and Williams, who once fought against each other.
    Thank you Vyacheslav for an interesting story. hi
    1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
      Kote Pan Kokhanka 8 August 2020 09: 01 New
      +3
      Uh-huh !!!!!
      "We have a machine gun, but you don't!"
  • Sancho_SP
    Sancho_SP 8 August 2020 09: 14 New
    +2
    Curious, what did the customer dislike during the tests? The destruction was decent. Even such a curved-oblique volley at close range against attacking infantry or cavalry would have an effect.
  • Captivity
    Captivity 8 August 2020 09: 55 New
    0
    The first 2 options could be quite successful
  • Undecim
    Undecim 8 August 2020 12: 18 New
    +4
    In front of the mayor's office of the city of Athens in Georgia, USA, stands an unusual cannon from the American Civil War. It is a double-barreled cannon, but unlike other multi-barreled cannons of the past, the Athens double-barreled cannon was designed to fire two cannonballs connected to each other by a long iron chain. The two barrels spread slightly apart from each other, so that when they fired at the same time, the cannonballs had to spread out to the sides for the entire length of the chain and mow down the enemy soldiers like a scythe of wheat. If anything, it should have been in the opinion of a man named John Gilland, who was a dentist by profession but was in the local militia.
    A vivid example of what happens. when the dilettante - the humanist takes up technical issues.
    Plus, John Gilleland was not original.
    For 240 years before him, the Milanese "gunner" Antonio Petrini had already developed such a design and persistently tried to sell it to the King of England Charles I, tempting him with the fact that the miracle cannon would lay down enemies like a scythe of grass.

    The king, however, did not buy into promises, as he understood that it was not realistic to shoot from two barrels at the same time, and soon he was completely out of time with guns. And Petrini's drawing is still kept in the Tower.
  • Lad
    Lad 8 August 2020 20: 07 New
    +2
    To synchronize the two barrels, it was necessary not to make the ignition channels common. This is not enough. The fire was transmitted through gunpowder, but it burns unevenly. Therefore, the response time of the charging chambers was still different.

    The problem of simultaneous actuation of the charging chambers had to be solved radically - it was necessary to make ONE chamber for two barrels. Then the synchronization would be one hundred percent. )))
  • Lad
    Lad 8 August 2020 20: 48 New
    +2
    And the trunks directed somewhat in different directions are also from excessive speculation. To tear the rigging in naval battles, tied cores fired even from one barrel were quite successfully used. On the trajectory, the nuclei still diverged to the sides and rotated. The process heterogeneities were quite enough for this.
  • Moore
    Moore 10 August 2020 09: 14 New
    0
    But when repelling enemy attacks, it was Williams' guns that were very convenient.

    Very fragile-looking carriage wheels. And so the idea of ​​a horse-artillery battery lies on the surface: he jumped out into the suburbs, in a minute he shot, no matter at the attacking or attacked column, and washed away ...
  • Icelord
    Icelord 16 August 2020 09: 22 New
    0
    Question. Could Williams' cannon have fired buckshot?