Military Review

Iraqi war of Czechoslovak military chemists: how Czechoslovakia "stood up" for Kuwait

19

In 1990, Iraq attacked neighboring Kuwait. Almost immediately, Kuwait acquired an interesting ally - Czechoslovakia. The meeting of the American and Egyptian diplomats with the Czechoslovak military took place in Prague the day after the start of the war.


Secret meeting of the Czechoslovak military with the attaches of the United States and Egypt


Officers of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Czechoslovakia Jan Valo and Jaroslav Kumberra met in one of the restaurants in the Czech capital with the military attaches of the United States and Egypt in Czechoslovakia. The Egyptian attaché was particularly indignant at the fact of aggression. Czechoslovak officers, in turn, said that it would be very nice if Czechoslovakia, so many years after the Second World War, took part in "defending the attacked state." According to the official Czech interpretation, they "stood up" for Kuwait. How the Western countries' operations against Iraq began, including the perjury of the daughter of the Kuwaiti ambassador to the United States, Naira al-Sabah, in Prague they prefer not to remember.

The Egyptian and American military attaches conveyed the position of the Czechoslovak command to their leaders. Soon, the office of Vaclav Havel received an official offer to join Operation Desert Shield. So Czechoslovakia became an official member of the international coalition.

However, almost immediately the question arose about which Czechoslovak unit to send to the war in the distant Middle Eastern desert. At first it was about a helicopter unit, but then they decided to focus on a battalion of military chemists.

The most interesting thing is that at the time of Operations Desert Shield and Desert Storm, Czechoslovakia was still viewed in the United States as a representative of the Eastern Bloc. In turn, the Czechoslovak military considered Iraq, not Kuwait, their ally, since it was Iraq that was supplied weapon countries of the socialist camp.

First experience of cooperation with NATO


The President of Czechoslovakia, Vaclav Havel, showed great personal initiative by not asking Moscow for permission to participate in the coalition. A Czechoslovak chemical defense battalion was deployed to Kuwait, and its specialists soon discovered traces of the use of chemical agents by the Iraqi military. At least, this is the official interpretation of the Czech Ministry of Defense today.

Captain Pyotr Polednik, a native of the Airborne Forces, was at the time the commander of a security company for a chemical defense battalion sent to Kuwait. He recalled that he did not see any problems in cooperation with yesterday's opponents from the NATO bloc. Interestingly, the officer recalls, even American generals saw no obstacles to Czechoslovakia's belonging to the Warsaw Bloc. In fact, it was then that the foundations of cooperation between the Czech military and NATO were laid, and now the Czech Republic and Slovakia, as we know, are members of the North Atlantic Alliance.

For many Czechoslovak military personnel, a trip to Kuwait and participation in the military operation against Iraq has become an invaluable experience, as the Chechen Defense Ministry says today. Indeed, for decades after the Second World War, Czechoslovak soldiers and officers only honed their military skills in countless military exercises of the Warsaw Pact countries, but did not have the opportunity to apply it in practice.

Previously, Czechoslovakia supplied weapons in abundance to third world countries, primarily to Asia and Africa, where they were used by local partisans of the communist and pro-communist wing. In addition, the Czechoslovakian weapons were also at the disposal of the Iraqi army - the same one that the Czechoslovakian military chemists "faced" in 1990.
Author:
Photos used:
Wikipedia / PHC HOLMES, US Navy
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 3 August 2020 18: 48
    +4
    I have never heard of this page in the history of military conflicts. Thanks to the author!)
  2. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 3 August 2020 18: 49
    +3
    For many Czechoslovak military personnel, the trip to Kuwait and participation in the military operation against Iraq became an invaluable experience.
    Naturally, where he could come from. "O Czech Republic, it bloomed, beyond friendly bayonets" request
    1. svp67
      svp67 3 August 2020 18: 54
      +5
      Quote: Mavrikiy
      Naturally, where he could come from. "O Czech Republic, it bloomed, beyond friendly bayonets"

      And it "welded" very well, both on white and "gray" schemes for the sale of weapons ...
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 4 August 2020 12: 05
        0
        ..... without asking ... from Moscow .....
        Why didn't you ask? After all, the police department still existed? It ceased to exist in July 1991. Or was it already clear that it was already marked for the Americans?
        And again the same question arises - were there joint military research, programs, enterprises? The property is not only material, but intellectual, scientific developments?
        What happened to all this after 01.07. 91.
  3. pytar
    pytar 3 August 2020 18: 54
    +1
    Something I did not understand, what is the meaning of this article ?! request In Czechoslovakia, even during the ATS, the anti-chemical protection units were at their best! In view of the presence of Czechoslovak weapons in the Iraqi army, some of which Saddam Husein could have fueled with chemical weapons, the presence of Czechoslovak specialists looks quite justified.
  4. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 3 August 2020 19: 07
    0
    Already at 90, the states were 100% sure that literally tomorrow the Warsaw Treaty and the USSR would collapse ...
    1. Mitroha
      Mitroha 3 August 2020 19: 43
      +8
      So Judas labeled for 5 years already worked for this.
    2. 210ox
      210ox 4 August 2020 07: 46
      +2
      They had this confidence much earlier. The devils know how to play for a long time.
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 4 August 2020 12: 13
        +2
        Quote: 210ox
        They had this confidence much earlier. The devils know how to play for a long time.
        Exactly!
        In 1990, the GDR merged with the FRG. And the groveling of the marked began much earlier.
  5. Livonetc
    Livonetc 3 August 2020 19: 21
    -2
    "They are all weak
    In this Czechoslovakia ".c.
  6. Avior
    Avior 3 August 2020 21: 37
    +5
    So so sensation.
    The Desert Shield is not a NATO operation, a coalition of 35 states was created in fulfillment of the UN Security Council decision 678, the USSR was not opposed, except for Czechoslovakia, Poland and Hungary entered it from the Warsaw Pact. Poles took an active part - they freed 6 American spies who were reconnoitring the state of Iraqi troops - Operation Samum.
    The Czechs did not take direct part in the hostilities.
    And before that, Poland and the USSR, one way or another, participated in operations on the decisions of the UN Security Council, although they did not take part in hostilities either.
    It is not clear why Czechoslovakia was singled out in the article.
    At that time, the Warsaw Pact no longer actually existed: (...
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 4 August 2020 08: 56
      +5
      Quote: Avior
      The Desert Shield is not a NATO operation, a coalition of 35 states was created in fulfillment of the UN Security Council decision 678, the USSR was not against it, except for Czechoslovakia, Poland and Hungary entered it from the Warsaw Pact.

      And of the Arab allies of the USSR - Syria. Moreover, the Syrians did not waste time on trifles and sent an armored division.
      1. Avior
        Avior 4 August 2020 10: 04
        +1
        Yeah. This is more of a sensation than the Czechs in the article
      2. Mikhail Matyugin
        Mikhail Matyugin 7 August 2020 16: 54
        0
        Quote: Alexey RA
        Quote: Avior
        The Desert Shield is not a NATO operation, a coalition of 35 states was created in fulfillment of the UN Security Council decision 678, the USSR was not against it, except for Czechoslovakia, Poland and Hungary entered it from the Warsaw Pact.

        And of the Arab allies of the USSR - Syria. Moreover, the Syrians did not waste time on trifles and sent an armored division.

        In fact, Egypt, with its traditional policy of sitting on two chairs, not only participated militarily, but played a very important role in the general arrangement of such a diverse coalition.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 7 August 2020 17: 32
          0
          Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
          In fact, Egypt, with its traditional policy of sitting on two chairs, not only participated militarily, but played a very important role in the general arrangement of such a diverse coalition.

          I am aware of Egypt and the troops of the monarchies of the Persian Gulf. It was just about the allies of the USSR who took part in that operation. And at that time only Syria could be called such a 100% ally. Since the days of Sadat, Egypt has been at best a fellow traveler, but certainly not an ally.
  7. andrewkor
    andrewkor 4 August 2020 06: 09
    -3
    and the voluntarist Saddam Hussein got what he deserved. This ghoul is not a pity. He ruined such a country!
  8. voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 5 August 2020 16: 48
    +2
    Saddam invaded Kuwait.
    A military coalition was created under the auspices of the UN.
    It also included the western NATO countries,
    and the countries of Eastern Europe, and the Arab countries.
  9. raif
    raif 8 August 2020 20: 06
    0
    a short collection of well-known facts did not arouse any interest - even negative emotions due to the collapse of the police department (yes, I am a supporter of the USSR and socialism). one new fact - I learned the name of one Czech officer laughing
  10. militarist63
    militarist63 9 October 2020 01: 50
    -1
    Soon, the office of Vaclav Havel received an official offer to join Operation Desert Shield. So Czechoslovakia became an official member of the international coalition.
    Yeah, that's how the perestroika komunyaki gradually destroyed everything .... First, the socialist camp was destroyed, and then their country was ruined! For what then the chief perestroika and received a barrel of jam and a box of cookies, in the form of a Nobel Prize! am
    Therefore, it is completely not surprising that
    Vaclav Havel showed great personal initiative by not asking permission from Moscow
    Everything has already been sold ... and let it go!