Military Review

Which socialist countries were not part of the Warsaw Pact Organization and which ones left it before the collapse of the USSR

21

During the Cold War, the Warsaw Pact was considered the main military-political bloc uniting the socialist countries led by the USSR. However, a number of socialist countries were not included in the OVD, and some left it later.


Who did not enter the ATS in Europe


First, about the states of Eastern Europe. Initially, the Warsaw Pact bloc was formed by 8 socialist countries of Eastern Europe - the Soviet Union, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, the German Democratic Republic, Bulgaria, Romania and Albania. As you can see, Yugoslavia did not join the Warsaw Pact Organization, although it also adhered to a socialist orientation.

The thing is that relations between Moscow and Belgrade deteriorated in the late 1940s. Josip Broz Tito had his own original political views and did not support in many ways the foreign policy of the Soviet Union. This became the main obstacle to cooperation with the USSR in the military sphere. Yugoslavia did not join the Warsaw Pact Organization, even after the relative normalization of relations in the 1960s. Nevertheless, in 1967 the Yugoslav military took part in the OVD maneuvers - then the positions of the USSR and Yugoslavia coincided on the situation in the Middle East.

Long before the collapse of the USSR in 1991, Albania actually left the Warsaw Pact Organization. It happened in 1961. Enver Hoxha, the radical Stalinist who ruled in Albania, had long disliked the opportunist and revisionist policies of the Soviet Union, as he believed. Since 1961, Albania ceased to participate in the activities of the Department of Internal Affairs, and in 1968, after the Czechoslovak events, officially (de jure) left the Warsaw Pact Organization. Thus, only 7 participants remained in the police department.

It should be noted that Romania also kept aloof inside the OVD, although it did not leave the organization until the end. But Nicolae Ceausescu had his own ideas about the socialist path of development of his country and the desired policy in Eastern Europe. In some cases, he openly did not support and criticized the foreign policy of the Soviet Union.

The main obstacle to the unification of all the socialist countries of Eastern Europe into the Warsaw Pact Organization was the political course of the USSR, which was not recognized by all other socialist countries. Yugoslavia and Albania had the most radical political differences from the Soviet system, so one of these countries did not initially enter the OVD, the other left the organization back in the 1960s.

The rest of the socialist countries did not become members of the Warsaw Pact


Another block of countries that were not part of the ATS is the socialist countries of Asia and Latin America. With all the close military cooperation, Cuba did not enter the ATS. Also, the ATS did not include such pro-Soviet socialist countries of Asia as Mongolia, Vietnam, Laos. The Democratic People's Republic of Korea did not join the Department of Internal Affairs. At the same time, Mongolia, Cuba and Vietnam were the unconditional military allies of the USSR, but the DPRK had its own political course, much like the Albanian one.

China kept itself apart in relation to the USSR, and in some periods openly hostile, so it was impossible to talk about the annexation of the PRC to the OVD. China had its own controlled bloc of numerous Maoist rebel groups operating in Burma, India, Thailand, Malaysia, Indonesia, Nepal, the Philippines, Sri Lanka, and several countries in Africa and Latin America.

Thus, the Warsaw Pact Organization was a purely Eastern European military-political bloc. The Soviet Union had sincere and loyal supporters in Asia and Latin America who were not part of the ATS. In addition, the USSR had great influence over a number of developing countries in the Middle East and Africa, where Soviet military bases were located, and the military personnel of these countries were trained in Soviet military schools and academies. For example, Syria, which was not a country of the socialist camp, could be safely attributed to the number of allies of the USSR in the Middle East, just like Angola or Ethiopia on the African continent.
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  1. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 3 August 2020 13: 15
    +8
    Yes ... It was ... Even there is nothing to object ...
  2. antivirus
    antivirus 3 August 2020 13: 20
    +4
    Grandfather. approx 77 g on May 9: who is your main ally, the Poles, of your Brezhnev? not reliable, will betray
    1. Pessimist22
      Pessimist22 3 August 2020 13: 28
      +3
      Hope only for the army and the navy!
      1. Prisoner
        Prisoner 3 August 2020 13: 48
        +3
        For YOUR army and navy. hi
    2. Ragnar Lodbrok
      Ragnar Lodbrok 3 August 2020 13: 29
      26
      The GDR was the most reliable ally, paradoxically.
    3. Coward
      Coward 3 August 2020 13: 33
      20
      But first of all we ourselves betrayed the USSR.
      1. Pessimist22
        Pessimist22 3 August 2020 13: 54
        +8
        But now a shaft of fashionable things from the West, as the citizens of the USSR loved smile
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 3 August 2020 15: 12
        +5
        Quote: Coward
        But first of all we ourselves betrayed the USSR.

        And then Hnecker and Ceausescu.
        1. Coward
          Coward 3 August 2020 17: 05
          +6
          I agree with Honecker, but not with Ceausescu. He himself withdrew from the USSR.
  3. truck driver
    truck driver 3 August 2020 13: 29
    +4
    Can you write an article about the differences in the policies of Yugoslavia, Albania, China and the USSR? I heard it many times, but I still don't know specifically.
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 3 August 2020 14: 19
      +5
      There were even articles on this topic on VO.
  4. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 3 August 2020 14: 27
    -7
    The organization was of dubious value. If we assume theoretically its existence in 1941, then on June 22 only Serbia would instantly remain from it.
    1. Maksim
      Maksim 3 August 2020 14: 35
      +2
      Maybe that's why the police department was destroyed? That would stay with Serbia.
    2. Avior
      Avior 3 August 2020 16: 59
      +4
      .existence in 1941, then on June 22 only Serbia would instantly remain from it.

      This is unlikely.
      The Germans occupied Yugoslavia, including Serbia, back in April 1941, long before June 22.
      hi
  5. xomaNN
    xomaNN 3 August 2020 14: 54
    0
    The value of the Euro-allies in the ATS was most of all in the territory of these countries - the buffer zone to our borders. In the event of a real war with NATO, it is very likely that many parts of the armies of these countries would have acted like most of the divisions of the Estonian, Latvian, Lithuanian in June 41. They were changed into the uniform of the Red Army and commanders were replaced, but they were not reorganized. Therefore, with the beginning of the war, many units, having killed these very commanders, went over to the side of the Wehrmacht. (IMHO)
    The percentage would be significant "weak" units, although the NNA of the GDR, Poles, and possibly somewhere Bulgarians would remain allies on the whole.
    1. yuratanja1950
      yuratanja1950 3 August 2020 18: 10
      +3
      Quote: xomaNN
      The value of the Euro-allies in the ATS was most of all in the territory of these countries - the buffer zone to our borders.


      This is the main point ... Especially today, when on the borders of Russia, if not direct enemies, then "not a friend, and not an enemy, but - so ..." ...
  6. parusnik
    parusnik 3 August 2020 14: 56
    +1
    And how many capitalist countries in Asia, Africa and the Middle East did not join NATO ... Israel, for example ... South Africa, Rhodesia, Nicaragua, Samosas ... Haiti, the Dominican Republic ... laughing
    1. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 3 August 2020 19: 19
      +2
      ..... not logged in .....
      the point in my opinion is not who did not enter or left earlier. There were often articles about the tagged one. He did one thing, did the other or not ... He passed everyone in Malta ...
      But somehow I have not seen an article about the financial, technical and other damages that occurred in our country as a result of his betrayal, as a result of the termination of this bloc.
      When it ceased to exist What was it? It was just a few days ago that I had such questions on my day off. And then I read everything during working hours ... or somehow missed this topic ...
      1. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 4 August 2020 10: 34
        +2
        Sometime at night, there was a TV program about how well the Germans live in the Khrushchevs left by our people. How they sheathed them with siding, take care of them, they like everything! Probably in every country the internal affairs bodies left our property are added to bonus just for luck! But in my opinion, such a strong organization as the OVD could have military factories on the territory of these countries. Or maybe these were OUR factories on their territory ??? What was their fate? As well as technology, development. So far I have not found ANYTHING about it.
        I know that an agreement was signed on the preservation of the OVD archives. And in 2004 (or 2005) Poland provided these archives to NATO.
        We are not fully discussing the damage caused by Gorbachev's actions ............
  7. andreykolesov123
    andreykolesov123 3 August 2020 15: 37
    +3
    article reminds rhyme 10 little indians


    Ten little Indians went to dinner
    One choked, there were nine left.

    Nine little Indians, having eaten, pecked their nose,
    One could not wake up, eight of them remained.

    Eight blacks went to Devon later
    One did not return, remained in full measure.

    Seven black children chopped wood together
    I hacked one myself - and there were six of them.

    Six Indians went to the apiary for a walk,
    One bumblebee stung, there were five left.

    Five negro refereeing
    They condemned one, there were four of them left.

    Four black women went swimming in the sea
    One caught the bait, there were three left.

    Three negroes were in the menagerie,
    One bear was seized, and the two of them remained.

    Two negroes lay in the sun,
    One burned out - and here is one, unhappy, lonely.

    The last black woman looked tiredly,
    He went to hang himself, and no one was dead.
  8. Petrol cutter
    Petrol cutter 3 August 2020 20: 30
    +1
    Well, how? Article is a plus. But, I knew about this before ... How would ... Basically and generally, so to speak.
    Although for the education of the people, it is useful to assume. Now it is possible for half of the country this is a revelation! ...