Military Review

Horten 229: on whose wings the Hunter UAV flies

47

Modern creations in the field of aircraft construction are sometimes viewed by the inexperienced reader as a technological breakthrough. However, it often turns out that "the new is the well-forgotten old."


Of the current projects for the implementation of the concept of a flying wing, the American heavy strategic bomber Northrop B-2 Spirit is best known. However, the Russian defense industry was not without a similar technical solution. To date, one of the “stars” of the domestic aircraft industry is the “Okhotnik” strike unmanned aerial vehicle, made just according to the flying wing scheme. Wings - our own, technologies - rooted in history World War II. Moreover, this concept is very relevant. It is clear that the difference in designs can be traced even visually, but the fact is precisely in the "long-lived" concept.

It is unquestionable that the predecessor of the last flying wing is the Horten 229

- says military expert Mike Mihajlovic.

This fighter was created by German engineers at the end of the Third Reich. For the first time, its prototype took off on March 1, 1944, when the Wehrmacht was already crushed on the western borders of the Soviet Union. As a result, the Horten 229 did not manage to become a full-fledged combat vehicle. However, let's hope that the distant successor to the "flying wing" technology - the Hunter UAV - has a great future.

Author:
Photos used:
https://twitter.com/MihajlovicMike/
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  1. Maki maki
    Maki maki 31 July 2020 09: 41 New
    26
    It is unquestionable that the predecessor of the last flying wing is the Horten 229

    Why only the latter? Then everyone.
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 31 July 2020 09: 45 New
      25
      Horten 229: on whose wings the Hunter UAV flies

      Indeed, for whom? what

      1. umah
        umah 31 July 2020 10: 51 New
        12
        It is necessary to look deeper, all weapons from a stick and a stone! And we saw the wings of the birds, here!
      2. NEXUS
        NEXUS 31 July 2020 23: 59 New
        +4
        Quote: Insurgent
        Indeed, for whom?

        The first to assemble a FUNCTIONAL aircraft according to the "tailless" or "flying wing" scheme was Clement Ader.
        More Leonardo
        da Vinci wrote: "Anatomize a bat and hold on to it, and build a flying device on the basis of this."
        Four centuries later, the recommendation of the great Italian was embodied in
        life French engineer Clement Ader - creator of the first aircraft
        tailless schemes.
        Ader was born in 1841 in a small town near Toulouse, participated in the construction of railways in France, then recently became interested
        invented telephone, improved it and became the creator of the first
        Paris telephone network. This allowed him to raise capital and start
        to the realization of his old dream - the construction of an airplane.
        Typically, the XNUMXth century aviation pioneers began by developing their own
        theories and experiments with flying models. Ader decided to take a more Kimi path. He built aviaries with birds and bats near the house and soon began making an airplane in the shape of a huge bat with a wingspan of 14 m.
        The construction of the plane, named "Aeolus" in honor of the ancient Greek god of the winds, lasted 9 years, from 1882 to 1890, and cost Ader
        half a million francs.
        In keeping with the shape of a bat, the Aeolus was a tailless monoplane with a flexible, curved wing. The wing was vaulted. It was made of bamboo and covered in silk,
        which was attached to the frame with several thousand buttons. Under
        wing was a fabric-covered compartment made of very light
        hollow inside wooden pipes. There was a steam engine, a place
        for the pilot and control levers. The pilot could only look through the oval windows located on the sides, since the entire space in front was occupied by a steam engine. The engine rotated a four-blade propeller. Right
        the chosen principle of copying nature, the designer even blades
        propeller shaped like bird feathers. For the takeoff of the aircraft they served
        three wheels: two in front and one in the back. To avoid the danger of nosing when driving on the ground in front of the fuselage, an additional
        "safety" wheel.
        Ader planned to control the plane by moving the wing.
        Accurately copying the mobility of a bat wing, he provided for a change in sweep and span, a change in the curvature of a profile and
        wing ends up. These permutations could occur simultaneously or
        only on one side of the wing. The wing was moved by a complex system of hinges and cables, operated by six handles and two pedals in the cockpit. In the description of the plane, Ader did not indicate
        what purpose does each of the foreseen types of wing movement serve,
        since he himself hardly had a clear idea of ​​this.
        The most perfect unit of the Eola was the engine. Here Ader proved to be a real engineer. He managed to make a steam engine
        which with a power of 20 hp weighed only 60 kg. It was made of forged steel, and many parts were hollow to reduce weight. Alcohol was used instead of heavy coal or oil as fuel.
        By the fall of 1890, the construction of the aircraft was completed, and on October 9, Ader
        attempted a flight. Striving for the time being to keep their
        work in secret, the designer conducted a test in the secluded estate of his friend, Isaac Perrier, located in the vicinity of the town of Gretz.
        The report, compiled immediately after the test by one of Ader's assistants, said: "Avion n 1 (the word" avion "was then called the plane - DS),
        named "Aeolus" and ruled by Mr. Ader, its inventor, lifted off the ground and floated on its wings, shaving the surface
        land at a distance of about 50 m using a single source - its own traction. The maneuvering platform had a length of 200 m and a width
        25 m on the ground packed with a roller. "2 Information about this event can also be found in Ader's letter to his Parisian friend Felix Nadar from
        October 12, 1890 (deposited in the National Library in Paris): "I finally solved the problem after tedious work and a lot of money. My finished machine is called" Aeolus "; she just made the first
        take off with me on board at a distance of 50 meters; this distance could not be
        more since the test site was too small. "
        So, during the tests, the Ader plane took off from the ground and lasted
        in the air for about 5 seconds at a height of no more than a meter. This, of course, cannot be called a flight (given the unusual design and method of control of the Eolom, any long flight on it was in principle impossible), but, nevertheless, the event deserves a place in the history of aviation as
        the first short take-off (jump) on an airplane.
        According to Ader, in 1891, the Aeolus took off again. Like last time, the designer himself piloted it. The experiment was carried out on a large
        a military field at Satori near Paris. After several unsuccessful attempts
        Ader managed to lift the craft off the ground and fly at a minimum altitude of about 100 m. Then the plane banked and fell.


        "Avion-3" at the honorary
        place in the exhibition
        aviation exhibition,
        held in Paris in
        the beginning of our century.
        1. dauria
          dauria 1 August 2020 00: 42 New
          +4
          Thanks, Nexus. Finally, a book with the exact facts of flights between Otto Lilienthal and the Wright brothers. It turns out that Americans' priority is a hyped myth.
          There is a photo, there are documents of military orders. It is not surprising that in Europe the brothers never "sold" their aircraft to anyone - everyone already knew how to build airplanes without them. A duck biplane is not the best design.
          The book itself
          Dmitry Alekseevich Sobolev
          A Hundred Years of Flying Wing History
        2. Mikhail Ya2
          Mikhail Ya2 1 August 2020 08: 05 New
          +3
          The case when the comment is more interesting to become
    2. Errr
      Errr 31 July 2020 14: 39 New
      +3
      Quote: Maki Maki
      It is unquestionable that the predecessor of the last flying wing is the Horten 229

      Why only the latter? Then everyone.
      Exactly! Everyone!
    3. Skifotavr
      Skifotavr 2 August 2020 23: 31 New
      0
      Quote: Maki Maki
      It is unquestionable that the predecessor of the last flying wing is the Horten 229

      Why only the latter? Then everyone.

      Because "military expert Mike Mihajlovic" thinks so. This is a continuation of the story of how the Germans invented the Kalashnikov assault rifle laughing
  2. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 31 July 2020 09: 41 New
    0
    Wait, isn't Gotta on the diagram?
    If I am not mistaken, at the end of the war it was this company that was engaged in flying wings. And the English name of the device is alarming.
    1. Santa Fe
      Santa Fe 31 July 2020 20: 44 New
      +2
      at the end of the war, it was this company that was engaged in flying wings

      In the 1940s, only Northrop was involved in flying wings.

      Northrop YB-90 and YB-35 49-ton strategic bombers (jet)

      All the rest were engaged in fantasies and sawing flightless models

      Why, when talking about flying wings, they always remember the flightless Ho.229, but not the 90-ton jet Northrop, this is one explanation

      The desire to present the susceptible Nazi Germany as a powerful and technically advanced rival (and this is not the case, the Germans always trailed behind the Anglo-Saxons)
      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 31 July 2020 20: 52 New
        -4
        I do not pretend to be flying / not flying! I'm talking about the above diagram!
      2. DenZ
        DenZ 31 July 2020 23: 18 New
        +4
        During World War II, it was the Anglo-Saxons who in many ways caught up with the Germans, take at least the same Fau. Northrop's post-war creations are based on Horten's motives, if timed out.
      3. dauria
        dauria 1 August 2020 01: 14 New
        +2
        flightless Ho.229


        It's strange. Flying, and excellent flying - the speed is almost 800, the take-off speed is 150 with a take-off run of only 500 m. For the first jet, these are unique take-off and landing characteristics. Stable, manageable Yes, managed to fly 2 hours, crashed due to engine failure. But mass production was already underway, and it was a full-fledged military aircraft with weapons.
        Exported to the USA, and Northrop made his wings after the war. So the remaining dangerous machines, and therefore unclaimed. By the way, after this failure, he left aviation forever.
  3. svp67
    svp67 31 July 2020 09: 44 New
    24
    It is unquestionable that the predecessor of the last flying wing is the Horten 229
    - says military expert Mike Mihajlovic.

    Hmm ... Ekspert ... Is he aware of the existence of such a Soviet designer as Boris Cheranovsky?
    Starting from the 30s, of the 20th century, he was very closely involved in the creation of aircraft based on the "flying wing" scheme and he also had such a project


    1. Grazdanin
      Grazdanin 31 July 2020 09: 47 New
      17
      Those aircraft BICH-7A, 1932, have funny names.
      1. svp67
        svp67 31 July 2020 09: 51 New
        11
        Quote: Grazdanin
        Those BICH-7A aircraft have funny names,

        Well, in the 30s it was a tradition to call the aircraft Boris Ivanovich Cheranovsky by initials, here is the BEACH, just like Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev - ANT, after the war, if his aircraft went into series, they would already have a different name "Che "or" Black "
        1. val43
          val43 31 July 2020 10: 47 New
          0
          Thank you captain obvious laughing
    2. NOMADE
      NOMADE 31 July 2020 12: 55 New
      +6
      I agree, the "victims of the exam" and the military "experts" have gotten tired of it. Shame!
    3. Pete mitchell
      Pete mitchell 31 July 2020 13: 58 New
      +6
      Quote: svp67
      Hmm ... "Expert" ... And he knows about ...

      I think not in the know, from the word at all. Why Horten? Why I didn't remember John Northrop.
      Article minus
      1. Alf
        Alf 31 July 2020 18: 49 New
        +2
        Quote: Pete Mitchell
        I think not in the know, from the word at all. Why Horten? Why I didn't remember John Northrop.

        Because the Germans are super soldiers, super constructors and super generals, and wars are always lost because of the weather and sun spots.
        In the West, there is some kind of irrational love for the Third Reich, its soldiers and German equipment, and when they talk about this, it seems that the authors' roof has gone a long time, far and long.
  4. Alexander X
    Alexander X 31 July 2020 09: 51 New
    +6
    They stole the idea of ​​wings from birds. What are the roots from the Second World War ... That's because the article is nothing ... IMHO
  5. andrewkor
    andrewkor 31 July 2020 09: 52 New
    +3
    It would be nice to cover the topic of the flying wing from its origins. Boris Ivanovich Cheranovskiy's gliders BICH-1 and BICH-2 flew already in 1924. in Koktebel, and in 1936, on the basis of the BICH-2, the BICH-3 aircraft was built, rather a motor glider, but actually flew independently, and so on until the BICH-17 fighter of 1936, which, however, was not built. Wing designs varied from parabolic to trapezoidal. All aircraft built flew very well, easily controlled.
  6. Livonetc
    Livonetc 31 July 2020 10: 05 New
    +4
    A little mess.
    "In the end, the Horten 229 has become a full-fledged combat vehicle."
    1. Grazdanin
      Grazdanin 31 July 2020 10: 10 New
      11
      The whole article is a typo so and so smile
  7. rocket757
    rocket757 31 July 2020 10: 13 New
    0
    The "twilight German genius" gave birth to many ideas and design solutions, which are only now possible to evaluate and implement to the maximum!
    1. Alf
      Alf 31 July 2020 18: 51 New
      +1
      Quote: rocket757
      The "twilight German genius" gave birth to many ideas and design solutions, which are only now possible to evaluate and implement to the maximum!

      Namely ?
      In my opinion, the German designers created a breakthrough only in the intermediate cartridge and the rocket, all the other ideas were in one way or another with the allies.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 31 July 2020 19: 30 New
        0
        I am not claiming that only they created something, but the allies had to catch up with them, look for opposition against their inventions in science, tactics, military developments, technologies.
        Those. not only about scientific discoveries, but in general, about the ability to use their not so great resources, in comparison with all the others with whom they decided to butt!
        I am not praising, for obvious reasons, I just admit the facts.
        By the way, they have a list of military developments and not a small one ... it's good that they were not allowed to bring everything to mind.
        1. Alf
          Alf 31 July 2020 19: 34 New
          +1
          Quote: rocket757
          I am not claiming that only they created something, but the allies had to catch up with them, look for opposition against their inventions in science, tactics, military developments, technologies.
          Those. not only about scientific discoveries, but in general, about the ability to use their not so great resources, in comparison with all the others with whom they decided to butt!
          I am not praising, for obvious reasons, I just admit the facts.
          By the way, they have a list of military developments and not a small one ... it's good that they were not allowed to bring everything to mind.

          That is, you cannot specifically confirm what you yourself said ...
          And regarding military developments, it is worth asking about what was developed in the USSR before the war, some "Ship" and "Dudka" are worth ...
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 31 July 2020 19: 53 New
            0
            The successful use of troops in conducting military operations, THE ENTIRE GEYROP HAS BEEN KNOWN ... military science, there is such a thing.
            I will not list ALL military developments, because some are acoustic torpedoes! rockets you yourself noted. Synthetic fuels dispensed with oil. Radar, if not the first, but themselves. You can write about flying saucers ... Jet aircraft, they are not the only ones, but they did .... they were on the verge of creating a "vigorous" weapon, did not have time. You can still dig up, I just don't want to demonstrate knowledge from Wiki. Just what I remembered along the way.
            PPP. Once again I point out that we must admit the obvious facts, and I can’t believe it is not worse for us !!! We have OWN and this we should be proud of. Moreover, our ancestors won !!! A very strong opponent, from one at that time.
            1. Alf
              Alf 31 July 2020 20: 31 New
              +1
              Quote: rocket757
              were on the verge of creating a "vigorous" weapon, did not have time.

              Not a fact, there is a lot of evidence that they had time, the tests were carried out.
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 31 July 2020 20: 37 New
                0
                Until proven otherwise, I adhere to the official version. If the experiments were successful and carried out, then the creation, the use of "vigorous" arguments did not come. It is a fact.
                Here is such a German genius, who has shown himself in many places, about which they now do not want to remember ...
        2. nickname7
          nickname7 31 July 2020 21: 24 New
          0
          The war dramatically accelerated progress, new technologies and scientific disciplines appeared.
          As for the gloomy genius, the German car industry is in the top league.
  8. Undecim
    Undecim 31 July 2020 11: 01 New
    +7
    The site is already under its reputation stamping its feet, publishing such "works".
    The first flying wing aircraft, the Dunne D.7 monoplane, took off in 1911.
  9. Sibguest
    Sibguest 31 July 2020 11: 06 New
    0
    A flag in the hands of the author and success in studying the history of world aviation: our Soviet developments and real flying aircraft date back to the early 20s: http: //xn--80aafy5bs.xn--p1ai/aviamuseum/aviatsiya/sssr/eksperimentalnye- samolety / eksperimentalnyj-lyogkij-samolyot-bich-11 /
  10. Filat Nikitov
    Filat Nikitov 31 July 2020 11: 36 New
    +5
    Don't make it up, here's a prototype!

  11. parusnik
    parusnik 31 July 2020 11: 48 New
    +5
    Another "educator" with a lengthy article and weighty evidence ... laughing
    1. Sanichsan
      Sanichsan 31 July 2020 16: 58 New
      +3
      Quote: parusnik
      Another "educator"

      well, he really wanted to say that all the fascists came up with. request
      it is not clear who it is intended for. only a child can eat this, and then if he does not know how to use the Internet request
      1. Alf
        Alf 31 July 2020 18: 52 New
        +3
        Quote: SanichSan
        only a child can eat this,

        And a very average American.
  12. Nikolaevich I
    Nikolaevich I 31 July 2020 12: 09 New
    +4
    The article mentions Northrop B-2 ... But the catch is that the Northrop plane flew according to the "flying wing" scheme in 1941 .... before Horten! And "vobche" .... many aircraft designers worked on this scheme in the 20-30s of the last century! In general ... the "flying wing" scheme is the "Punchinel's secret"!
  13. 123456789
    123456789 31 July 2020 14: 00 New
    +7
    Of the current projects for the implementation of the concept of a flying wing, the most famous American heavy strategic bomber American Northrop B-2 Spirit.

    A new Russian is flying on a plane to Germany. The stewardess announces:
    - Our plane will land in Baden-Baden in a few minutes.
    New Russian (disgruntled voice, rasping):
    - Well, in kind, what to repeat twice? Do not suckers fly fellow
    Anecdote laughing
  14. Victor Tsenin
    Victor Tsenin 31 July 2020 14: 01 New
    +1
    It is not enough to build a flying wing layout, the issue of stealth was in the corresponding calculations, which was successfully completed by Ufimtsev, on whose work all stealth is actually based. Apart from the latest absorbent materials and paints, of course.
    Mike Mikhalych either did not quite learn the materiel, or he sees here, he does not see there.
  15. Roman123567
    Roman123567 31 July 2020 14: 07 New
    -9
    was created by German engineers at the end of the Third Reich

    How much did the Third Reich give interesting and useful to the world ..
    1. Vlad Pervovich
      Vlad Pervovich 31 July 2020 15: 49 New
      +4
      and, concentration camps ...?
      1. Insurgent
        Insurgent 31 July 2020 17: 18 New
        +5
        Quote: Vlad Pervovich
        and, concentration camps ...?

        Yes, and concentration camps for the death of civilians, although they adopted their very idea from the British, who, during the Anglo-Boer War of 1899-1902, first introduced them into the practice of mass extermination of the population.
        The author of the “idea” was General Herbert Kitchener:

        1. Alf
          Alf 31 July 2020 18: 54 New
          +2
          The first concentration camps were created by the Americans during the Civil War.
      2. Lepsik
        Lepsik 31 July 2020 19: 40 New
        0
        concentration camps were given to everyone by the British general Kitchener when he killed Boer women and children there
  16. Lexxtech
    Lexxtech 2 August 2020 09: 29 New
    0
    A similar article can be written about a shovel or a wheel. Especially about radio communication or lamps.