The Federation Council approved a law on denunciation of the agreement with Kazakhstan on the terms of transfer and on the procedure for further use of the Kazakh radar "Balkhash" in the Russian Missile Attack Warning System (EWS). Earlier, a similar decision was made by the State Duma of the Russian Federation.
Thus, Russia completely refuses to use the Kazakhstani "Balkhash" hub in the Russian early warning system, Russian property will be removed from its territory. At the same time, it is specified that Russia will continue to fulfill its obligations and will continue to supply Kazakhstan with information on launches of ballistic and cruise missiles.
As previously reported, the need for the Balkhash radar has disappeared after the introduction of the newest Voronezh-M radar near the city of Orsk in the Orenburg region. The new Russian radar has a detection range of up to 6 thousand kilometers, covers the Balkhash radar sector, thereby actually replacing it. After Voronezh was put into operation, Russian President Vladimir Putin decided to abandon the operation of the Kazakh hub.
The Kazakhstan node "Balkhash" in the Karaganda region, which includes the Dnepr radar, is used in the Russian missile attack warning system (SPRN) on the basis of an intergovernmental agreement of December 14, 1994. The last time the agreement was renewed in December 2014.
In the spring of 2017, after the commissioning of three Voronezh radars at once in Orsk, Barnaul and Yeniseisk, it was announced that a continuous radar field had been created in Russia to protect the territory from a possible threat of a missile attack.