Military Review

Leningrad tests of the German Famo tractor. Five months before the war

65

There are no high-quality images from the Leningrad tests of the Sd.Kfz.9 Famo in the public domain, so you have to limit yourself to third-party archives. Source: worldwarphotos.info


German tractor


The secret report of the Red Army artillery research and development testing ground on the tests of the 18-ton Famo tractor was released in February 1941. In the traditions of that time, the car was called a "tractor", although only the caterpillars were related to Famo. The main goal was to determine the suitability of a half-track tractor for towing heavy artillery systems of high power. At the same time, it was planned to test at the same time the 12-ton half-track Daimler-Benz Sd.Kfz.8 tractor, but it came to the test site in a faulty condition. According to the report, he was already in an inoperative state entered the artillery range from the "tank" range in Kubinka. It is not known whether it was put out of action at the GABTU, but the gunners were unable to repair the Daimler-Benz engine on their own. There was a serious breakdown: water from the cooling system entered the engine crankcase. When the engine was disassembled, it turned out that the head gasket was in good condition, and three of the six cylinder slingers were destroyed. Water flow was observed through rubber rings between the cylinder liner block and, when the engine was running, reached two liters per hour. Quite possibly, as the testers noted, there were cracks in the cylinder block as well. In general, the landfill specialists did not bother with restoring the Daimler-Benz Sd.Kfz.8 engine and started testing their older brother, the Sd.Kfz.9 Famo.


The Germans used an 18-ton tractor not only as an artillery tractor. Source: worldwarphotos.info

A German tractor, bought shortly before the war in Germany, had to work hard: at the test site from January 25 to February 5, 1941, he had to carry parts of heavy artillery pieces through snow half a meter deep, along rolled highways and country roads. It is noteworthy that the organizers hoped to conduct comparative tests of the "German" with the domestic heavy tractor "Voroshilovets". But ... At the beginning of 1941, the artillery range did not have a working tractor at its disposal.

We must pay tribute to the specialists of the artillery range: the test program was verified to the smallest detail. For example, on the pre-laid out sections of the highway along which the German Famo was rolled, the angles of ascent and descent were indicated up to minutes. This is strikingly different from the testing of captured equipment in wartime, when engineers sometimes did not even have suitable training grounds. For Famo, four trailers of different weights were prepared: a barrel wagon of a 305-mm Skoda cannon (19 tons), a machine of the same weapons (20 tons), a 211-mm German howitzer barrel wagon (11 tons) and its 12-ton machine. On one of the sections of the rolled highway, a tractor-tractor with an 11-ton trailer accelerated to an average of 43,4 km / h - a decent indicator for a heavy vehicle. However, it was impossible to operate the giant half-track vehicle normally at such speeds, so the workers were at speeds up to 15 km / h.






Famo with Tatra motor. Source: armedconflicts.com

Famo took snow virgin lands of half a meter depth at speeds from 3,5 to 11,3 km / h, depending on the weight of the trailer. Moreover, before the tests, the car previously made a track in the snow without a trailer, otherwise it would immediately get bogged down. When it came to storming the slopes, with the heaviest trailer, the German tractor gave up in front of an 11-degree slope covered with 87 cm of snow. In general, the permeability of the tractor with a 20-ton trailer was recognized by the test site as not entirely satisfactory.

A separate program was testing the tractor winch. 5 people had to unwind the 4600-meter cable. According to the most conservative estimates, its maximum tractive effort exceeded 5 kgf. After some torture of the unit, the testers wrote in the report that "the winch is successful in design and works quite reliably, and also has clear advantages over the winches of the domestic tractors" Comintern "," Voroshilovets "and" STZ-XNUMX ".

Clumsy giant


The 18 ton Famo was a hefty car. Photos from tests at the Leningrad test site in 1941 in good quality could not be found, but archival images from other sources help to form an impression of the tractor. Its height almost reached three meters, and its length exceeded eight. Naturally, this colossus did not like to turn very much. As the test engineers of the artillery range noted, the turning radius on 26-cm snow was 18 meters. And it's to the right. When it came to the left turn, the Famo snapped the safety pin of the right track tensioner. They replaced it in 22 minutes and continued experiments with a left turn. The radius was from 19 to 21 meters. When the tractors picked up the machine of the Czechoslovak cannon, the turning radius became generally unpredictable: from 22,5 to 32,25 meters. On the snow, the Famo was almost indifferent to where and how the wheels were turned, the movement was mainly along the radius of the tracks. As a result, the German tractor-tractor successfully failed all the maneuvering tests. The German could not turn in the artillery park with trailers categorically. After an overnight winter stop, Famo almost completely loses its ability to maneuver: it needs to ride for 10-15 minutes before the oil in the differential box warms up. Such awkwardness of the tractor is explained by the specifics of the half-track layout, aggravated by the large ratio of the length of the supporting surface of the track to the track - 1,8. In general, the wheels seriously hampered the movement of the car on muddy roads. At the test site, the corresponding tests were not carried out, but the calculations of the specific pressure on the ground did not advise the owners of the giant to meddle in the mud. The wheels pressed on the ground with a force of 4 kg / cm2, and caterpillars - 0,7-2,33 kg / cm2 - the front end of the tractor had a kind of plow in the form of two wheels. At the same time, Famo's grip on the road was always insufficient and with a hook load of about 3 tons, the tractor began to slip.




Everyday life of a German-fascist tractor. Source: worldwarphotos.info

Now a little about how the Famo motor was animated. It was launched for the first time at the test site on January 25, preliminary warmed up with hot water and towed by two Kommunar tractors. The German 12-cylinder petrol thing just didn't want to start. After keeping the car in the cold for two days, Famo decided to start with an electric starter. The temperature outside the tractor was quite harmless - minus 14 degrees. Initially, the engine was warmed up with hot water to 80 degrees, which took 170 liters (or 11 buckets) with a cooling system capacity of 90 liters. An attempt to start the engine with an electric starter was in vain. Famo also had an inertial starter, an improved analogue of the usual "crooked starter". Four people spun the inertia system for three minutes, but the Maybach 12-cylinder engine was silent. Three times in a row! As a result, tractors came to the rescue again, dragging the Famo with the gear engaged and ignition. It took only 20 meters. To justify the German tractor, the testers in the report write that in all subsequent cases, the engine reliably started from the electric starter. At the same time, the temperature dropped to minus 25 degrees on some days. But in the end, the motor, which requires expensive high-octane gasoline, was rejected by the testers due to excessive fuel consumption. On the highway in winter, a tractor with a trailer could travel no more than 150 kilometers at one gas station.

The high production culture and well thought-out design are evidenced by the high reliability of the machine. For two and a half thousand test kilometers, the Famo found only cracks in the exhaust pipe, a speedometer cable burst and a safety pin of the track tensioner. This, we recall, in the conditions of Russian frosts.




Double differential and winch circuits. They made an impression on the Soviet testers. Source: Report of the Artillery Research Experimental Range of the Red Army. 1941 year

The torsion bar suspension and chassis aroused great interest among domestic researchers. Large staggered rollers, firstly, spared the rubber tires, and, secondly, evenly distributed the load on the ground. The unusual mating of the tracks with the help of pins on needle bearings obviously reduced the losses due to rotation of the tracks, but seriously complicated and increased the cost of the design. Therefore, directly in the report, test engineers write that before putting into production such solutions, it is necessary to conduct thorough tests of German tracks. If they only knew that in just six months, the domestic tank building industry will have completely different tasks: to promptly evacuate production inland and organize mass production of armored vehicles at the lowest cost! ..

Summing up the winter tests of the heavy German Famo, Soviet testers did not recommend using it as an artillery tractor. Despite the good ergonomics, reliability and separate well-thought-out units, the gunners were not satisfied with the clumsiness, the gluttonous carburetor engine and insufficient grip.

In this история the Famo is not over with the 18 ton tractor. In March 1941, a report on the results of this test appeared on the table of the Deputy People's Commissar of Defense Marshal Grigory Kulik. The author was Major General of Artillery Vasily Khokhlov. In the material, he already directly, albeit in absentia, compares the German tractor with the domestic "Voroshilovets". Fairly points to a much weaker Famo engine, which, nevertheless, allows you to keep up with the powerful diesel Voroshilovets on the highway. Further down the chain, Kulik writes to Voroshilov and reports on the depressing situation with high-speed artillery tractors in the Red Army. Stones fly into the outdated STZ-5 and ST-2 at that time, as well as into the heavy Voroshilovets. Of course, Kulik did not directly dare to scold the tractor named after the marshal in a letter to Voroshilov, but pointed to his V-2V diesel engine. The gunners were not satisfied with its resource of 100 engine hours, and the brilliant carburetor Maybach in this sense upset the military even more. Kulik writes to Voroshilov in this regard (the spelling features have been preserved):

"The tests of German half-track artillery tractors of special delivery, although they revealed the insufficient suitability of these machines for operation in our conditions, however, the thoughtfulness of the design of the units and assemblies of these machines, their reliability and durability showed the obvious backwardness of our special tractor construction technology."

As a result, Kulik asks Voroshilov to oblige the People's Commissariat of Medium Machine Building to develop and manufacture three tractors at once - for regimental, divisional and corps artillery. Not weak such requirements, I must say. But that's not all. Kulik strongly recommends Voroshilov to contribute to the development of prototypes of a whole family of high-speed diesel engines.

In less than four months, war will begin, and the gunners' conclusions will receive mixed confirmation on the battlefields. Outdated and less than perfect tractors will prevail over the elegantly executed half-track designs of the engineers of the Third Reich. Field tests do not always guarantee objectivity, especially in military affairs.
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  1. Train
    Train 24 July 2020 06: 53 New
    +8
    A German is a German. A gloomy Teutonic genius. Ours, if such a "captive" were captured, were glad to be immensely.
    1. Dr. Frankenstucker
      Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 12: 21 New
      +6
      Quote: Zug
      Gloomy Teutonic genius.

      yeah, self-run anti-aircraft gun akht-komma-akht based on the nine "famo" - it's still dusk))
      In 1942, the army ordered 112 units, but received only 12, which went to Italy.
      Armor plates, by the way, are 14.5 mm.
      1. Mikhail Matyugin
        Mikhail Matyugin 7 August 2020 17: 35 New
        0
        A good thing by the way, it was very effective.
  2. strannik1985
    strannik1985 24 July 2020 07: 09 New
    12
    Field tests do not always guarantee objectivity, especially in military affairs.

    Article +, it's a pity the technical characteristics are not voiced enough, the last conclusion is a little unexpected. The strategy of the Third Reich to crush the forces of the Red Army in a short time by entering the A - A line with a cascade of offensive operations turned out to be a mistake.
    Specifically, medium and heavy artillery tractors showed themselves very well, for example, in the battles near Lutsk on June 25, the Shtempel BG (14 TD) from the artillery had the headquarters of the AP division with one division, a battery of 210 mm mortars, a battery of 105 mm guns, an anti-tank battery, BG Falkenstein division AP, anti-tank battalion without battery, BG Damerau division AP division. In addition, corps units were subordinated to the command of the 14th TD: 511 AP (150-mm howitzers), a battalion of 105-mm guns without a battery, a battalion of 210-mm mortars without a battery, and 731 heavy artillery battalions.
    For the mobile forces of the spacecraft, it was also characteristic of the allocation of part of the forces to the forward detachments, but their composition is much poorer, for example, in the battles at Kielce (oncoming battle on January 13-14, 1945 with 24 TC) PO 10 TC - tank brigade, TTP without one company, division LAP (12 76-mm guns), two anti-aircraft regiment battalions, a sapper company. PO 6 MK - a tank brigade, two companies of the TTP, ADn LAP, a division of a mortar regiment (12 120-mm mortars), a SAP battery, two anti-aircraft batteries, a sapper company.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 24 July 2020 11: 02 New
      +3
      Quote: strannik1985
      In addition, corps units were subordinated to the command of 14 TD: 511 AP (150-mm howitzers), a battalion of 105-mm cannons without a battery, a battalion of 210-mm mortars without a battery, and 731 heavy artillery battalions.

      You can also remember Eberbach, in whose Kampfgroup there were 10 cm and 15 cm cannons and 21 cm mortars.
      1. Dr. Frankenstucker
        Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 11: 32 New
        0
        in the Kampfgroup of which there were 10-cm and 15-cm guns and 21-cm mortars.

        Eberbach still had heavy artillery calibers, like, 17cm were presented) Well, at least the 103rd regiment had a battery.
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 24 July 2020 11: 53 New
          +7
          Quote: Dr. Frankenshtuzer
          Eberbach still had heavy artillery calibers, like, 17cm were presented) Well, at least the 103rd regiment had a battery.

          And this - regimental tactical group... Panzerwaffe lived widely in 1941, to say nothing.

          With our money - this is a tank brigade with reinforcement units, carrying B-4, ML-20 and A-19. Which at the same time do not lag behind on the march.
          1. Dr. Frankenstucker
            Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 13: 09 New
            +2
            Quote: Alexey RA
            Which at the same time do not lag behind on the march.

            ideally yes)
            1. English tarantas
              English tarantas 24 July 2020 19: 31 New
              +4
              No, well, getting stuck with a tractor is still better than being stuck with horses ...
              1. Dr. Frankenstucker
                Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 21: 11 New
                -3
                Quote: English tarantass
                than getting stuck with horses ...

                By the way, this 15cm was carried by six horses.
                1. English tarantas
                  English tarantas 25 July 2020 00: 54 New
                  +1
                  I suspect that it was hard for the horses and the process was not fast. Fortunately, there are at least four wheels, not on its own hump.
                  1. Dr. Frankenstucker
                    Dr. Frankenstucker 25 July 2020 09: 27 New
                    -1
                    ... Fortunately, there are at least four wheels, not on its own hump.

                    Not four. Barrel wagon, gun carriage and front end. As for the 'hump' - disassembling-assembling a mortar for all twelve soldiers of the crew is still a job.
                    1. English tarantas
                      English tarantas 25 July 2020 10: 06 New
                      +3
                      twelve soldiers of the crew

                      Well, these are definitely not a pity .... As they say, no one invited them here.
          2. strannik1985
            strannik1985 24 July 2020 17: 42 New
            0
            With our money - a tank brigade with reinforcement units, carrying B-4, ML-20 and A-19.

            Moreover, in the case of a solution to the issue of medium-caliber guns, even if not in the forward detachment, but in the divisional or army AG M-10, ML-20 or A-19, he could well have received, even if in the form of 1-2 divisions for an army artillery regiment ( 15 "Voroshilovtsev" for the 12-barrel division), but could.
          3. chenia
            chenia 24 July 2020 20: 03 New
            -2
            Quote: Alexey RA
            And this is the regimental tactical group. Panzerwaffe lived widely in 1941, to say nothing.


            And I'll tell you this, this is the shitty organization of artillery. Blurred it out piece by piece. And not how they could not understand. like the Russians have an overwhelming superiority in artillery in certain areas.
            1. Dr. Frankenstucker
              Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 23: 35 New
              +1
              And not how they could not understand. like the Russians have an overwhelming superiority in artillery in certain areas.

              Who, excuse me, 'not how' could not understand?
              1. chenia
                chenia 25 July 2020 08: 08 New
                0
                Quote: Dr. Frankenshtuzer
                then, excuse me, 'not how' could not understand?


                More correctly, sectors of the front.
            2. strannik1985
              strannik1985 25 July 2020 13: 20 New
              0
              And I'll tell you this, this is the shitty organization of artillery.

              As far as I know, they only allowed such a luxury in relation to mobile troops.
            3. Alexey RA
              Alexey RA 27 July 2020 15: 18 New
              0
              Quote: chenia
              And I'll tell you this, this is the shitty organization of artillery. Blurred it out piece by piece.

              This is the normal organization of artillery for this stage of the operation: the enemy's defense has already been broken, the mechanized formations have entered the breakthrough - and they need all possible mobile firepower in order to reach the assigned lines as quickly as possible, while knocking down the enemy's screens. Typical screen - see battle of Captain Kim's battalion.
              EMNIP, Isaev wrote that ours in 1944 in Belarus learned to carry a B-4 with them. smile
          4. Mikhail Matyugin
            Mikhail Matyugin 7 August 2020 17: 37 New
            0
            Quote: Alexey RA
            And this is the regimental tactical group. Panzerwaffe lived widely in 1941, to say nothing.

            With our money - this is a tank brigade with reinforcement units, carrying B-4, ML-20 and A-19. Which at the same time do not lag behind on the march.

            Very accurately noticed! Yes, such tractors made it possible to solve many issues - incl. and carry heavy guns with you.
  3. Mavrikiy
    Mavrikiy 24 July 2020 07: 12 New
    17
    with the heaviest trailer, the German tractor gave up on an 11-degree incline covered with 87 cm of snow. In general, the permeability of the tractor with a 20-ton trailer was recognized by the testers of the test site as not entirely satisfactory.
    requestJoke.
    We got a Japanese saw at logging. Root trees, plan in an hour, what to do?
    - Give larch, at maximum.
    - Okay, let's go to the fence, there weave nails
    - Okay, hit the pipe
    - Okay. Listen, there's a piece of rail over there.
    - So then, with ...... repeat
  4. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 24 July 2020 08: 24 New
    +4
    Thanks. I read about the tests of some samples of captured armored vehicles, but about the "Famo" - for the first time.
  5. smaug78
    smaug78 24 July 2020 08: 32 New
    +5
    Outdated and less than perfect tractors will prevail over the elegantly executed half-track designs of the engineers of the Third Reich.
    Did tractors enter Berlin and not trucks? And again, the military disagrees with you ...
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 24 July 2020 10: 56 New
      13
      Quote: smaug78
      Did tractors enter Berlin and not trucks?

      And tractors too.

      Although in the artillery of the RGK, the artillery tractors of special projects were preserved until the end of the war.
      1. smaug78
        smaug78 24 July 2020 11: 32 New
        +2
        So I don't argue with that, it's just enough to see the number of those and others.
        1. hohol95
          hohol95 24 July 2020 12: 09 New
          13
          Will we count Koniks? And to compare their number with cars? hi
          The Red Army entered Berlin on everything that could move. Starting from your own feet!
          1. smaug78
            smaug78 24 July 2020 12: 54 New
            0
            Outdated and less than perfect tractors will prevail over the elegantly executed half-track designs of the engineers of the Third Reich.
            Dear, my question related to the quoted quote hi
      2. Gloomy skeptic
        Gloomy skeptic 26 July 2020 14: 57 New
        +1
        I agree, because nothing else can take away such artillery !!!
    2. hohol95
      hohol95 24 July 2020 12: 07 New
      +8
      During the Great Patriotic War, the Red Army received under the Lend-Lease six brands of tracked tractors, adapted for use as artillery tractors. We are talking about tractors Caterpillar D6 and D7, Allis-Chalmers HD7 and HD10 and International TD14 and TD18.
      In the army, the D7, TD18 and HD10 tractors were used to tow high-power weapons: 203-mm B-4 howitzers mod. 1931 and 152-mm gun Br-2 arr. 1935 with a mass of artillery carts up to 14 tons. Tractors D7 and TD18 in some cases were used for towing gun carts, the mass of which was 18-20 tons.
      The D6, TD14 and HD7 tractors towed a 122mm A-19 arr. 1931/37 and 152-mm howitzer-gun ML-20 mod. 1937 of the year. In addition, the D6 and TD14 could tow separate carts of 203 mm howitzers mod. 1931, mainly a cart with a barrel weighing 10 600 kg.
      . So, since 1943, the artillery units received about 1250 imported tractors of all six brands.

      Another 200 units of high-speed M5 tractors were received.
      On VO there was an article about him with photographs of one of the M5 "Another Lend-Lease. High-speed medium tractor M5"
      Here's a quick excerpt from the article:
      The “Americans” were put in three artillery brigades (39, 45 and 46-I cannon brigades, in the 2 RVGK divisions (5 and 9 artillery divisions). It was necessary to explore the possibilities of using the tractors by the Red Army.
      ... If today you read the reports of the commanders of brigades and divisions on the operation of the M5 tractors, a firm opinion is created that these tractors were used simply because there was nothing else. And the conclusion of the commission about their use is indicative. "Use for towing guns weighing up to 8 tons."

      And the horses in the ranks of the Red Army also reached Berlin!
  6. Dr. Frankenstucker
    Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 09: 53 New
    +4
    As a result, the German tractor-tractor successfully failed all the maneuvering tests. The German could not turn in the artillery park with trailers categorically.


    If Soviet specialists tested the Famo with the 14-meter Sonderabhanger 116, for which it was intended to be towed, criticism of maneuverability and dissatisfaction with the “monstrous” turning radius would have subsided somewhat, I think. With this approach to the tractor, the conventional tractor really won.
    By the way, the sd.anh 116 trailer is an interesting thing in itself.
    1. Paranoid50
      Paranoid50 24 July 2020 11: 52 New
      +8
      Quote: Dr. Frankenshtuzer
      sd.anh 116 trailer

      Yes, here they are in conjunction:
      Later, faced with the lack of special equipment for towing the heavy tanks and self-propelled guns that appeared, the Germans were forced to use a coupler of several FAMOs. The photo, in which the "three" linked SdKfz9 tows the PzVI, is widely known. Less well known is this, with the Ferdinand towing:
      1. The comment was deleted.
      2. Mikhail Matyugin
        Mikhail Matyugin 7 August 2020 17: 39 New
        +1
        Quote: Paranoid50
        Later, faced with the lack of special equipment for towing the heavy tanks and self-propelled guns that appeared, the Germans were forced to use a coupler of several FAMOs. The photo, in which the "three" linked SdKfz9 tows the PzVI, is widely known. Less well known is this, with the Ferdinand towing:

        Well, just super! For the first time I really see - 5 tractors are towing, it is difficult, but towing "Tiger"!
        1. Paranoid50
          Paranoid50 8 August 2020 11: 00 New
          0
          Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
          difficult, but towing "Tiger"!

          Three were enough for the “Tiger”. Here they drag the Ferd. yes But in special cases, and for the "Tiger" could equip five tractors:

          The photo shows that the tank is "unset".
    2. hohol95
      hohol95 24 July 2020 11: 53 New
      +2
      sd.anh 116 trailer

      By chance, is he in the second photo with a loaded StuG III?
      1. Dr. Frankenstucker
        Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 12: 11 New
        0
        so it seems that the Panzerwaffe had only one four-axle tank trailer - the 116th.
  7. Pavel57
    Pavel57 24 July 2020 10: 32 New
    +3
    An interesting historical episode.
  8. Operator
    Operator 24 July 2020 11: 36 New
    0
    Half-track tractor: "Two d ... la (German and Bohemian) is power" bully

    The relative length of the tracked mover is 1,8 - what is taught in German-Bohemian universities?
  9. Dr. Frankenstucker
    Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 11: 44 New
    +8
    In general, the total length (famo + Sd.Anh 116) was about 25 meters. Special maneuverability (even taking into account the steering and steering rear bogie) from such a road train cannot be expected. However, yes, and the "short" version with 21cm or (as in the photo from Normandy) with 17cm on the tail, the "famo" had difficulties with directions)
    It was good in the Libyan desert))

    1. hohol95
      hohol95 24 July 2020 12: 16 New
      +4
      On forest roads or in spring-autumn muddy roads, such a machine can only move forward and without sharp turns.
      You also need to read the speeds with which he could move the trailer or implements!
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 25 July 2020 00: 22 New
        +5
        Just below in the comments of the video. Take a look before you write. The last roller is just on wet mud.
        1. hohol95
          hohol95 25 July 2020 22: 49 New
          +1
          Take a look before you write. The last roller is just on wet mud.

          Weak DIRT!

          This is dirt! The most real!
          1. timokhin-aa
            timokhin-aa 25 July 2020 23: 52 New
            +2
            This is a road broken by numerous vehicles during a thaw period - to put it mildly, this is not just mud, even close, and a purely tracked tractor with a shorter track would sit even deeper there.
  10. Dr. Frankenstucker
    Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 12: 27 New
    10
    But this somehow managed to turn) Virtuoso.
    It seems, Kharkov ...
  11. Dr. Frankenstucker
    Dr. Frankenstucker 24 July 2020 12: 49 New
    13
    And here is an interesting photo: on the Sd.Anh 116 trailer on the tail of the "Famo" stands like an assault infantry bridge (Infanterie Sturmsteg) based on the "Four" C. The car itself is rare - in total, emnip, 4 pieces were made in 41st ...
    1. Mikhail Matyugin
      Mikhail Matyugin 7 August 2020 17: 41 New
      0
      And what kind of "assault infantry bridge"? indeed, a car with this thing like a fire escape is a rare beast.
      1. Dr. Frankenstucker
        Dr. Frankenstucker 7 August 2020 18: 09 New
        0
        Quote: Mikhail Matyugin
        indeed, a car with this thing like a fire escape is a rare beast.


        Yes, this is a retractable fire escape from Magirus. For the assault of fortifications. But not to be confused with the Brückenleger bridgelayer based on the same "four" C
  12. Alien From
    Alien From 24 July 2020 20: 04 New
    +2
    Thank you, I liked the article very much!
  13. nnz226
    nnz226 24 July 2020 20: 18 New
    +7
    "Outdated and less than perfect tractors will prevail over the elegantly executed half-track designs of the engineers of the Third Reich." The author forgot to indicate how many heavy guns of the Red Army were lost and went to the serviceable Wehrmacht in 1941 due to the fact that tractors and tractors crawling at a speed of 5 km / h did not have time to take them away from the advancing panzers, which were traveling 5-6 times faster!
  14. Alexey Gorshkov
    Alexey Gorshkov 24 July 2020 20: 30 New
    +6
    I DO NOT AGREE WITH THE LAST PARAGRAPH IN FULLY !!! The trouble with our army was the lack of high-speed tractors, which multiplied our existing superiority in the quality of weapons to zero! Our artillery tractors, outdated by the beginning of the war, did not gain any "top" over the high-speed "elegantly executed half-track structures of the engineers of the Third Reich" - before the war, forces had to be thrown not on the development of cannon armored cars that turned out to be useless, but on good artillery tractors!
    1. ecolog
      ecolog 24 July 2020 23: 48 New
      +2
      an armored car is much easier to blind. and a high-speed, reliable art tractor is a high-tech of that time.
    2. strannik1985
      strannik1985 25 July 2020 13: 30 New
      +1
      before the war, forces had to be thrown not on the development of cannon armored cars that turned out to be useless, but on worthwhile artillery tractors!

      They tried, by copying the French half-track Somua MCG, through the tracked STZ-5. The main problem is the 120 ~ 150hp motor. NATI-KoJu / MD-23 was developed all the 30s, it never went into production, then they tried to buy a license for American two-stroke diesel engines, the embargo prevented due to the Soviet - Finnish war.
    3. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 27 July 2020 16: 06 New
      0
      Quote: Alexey Gorshkov
      before the war, forces had to be thrown not on the development of cannon armored cars that turned out to be useless, but on worthwhile artillery tractors!

      Unlike the artillery tractor, the armored cars were secondary - they were made on the chassis of serial cars and trucks already mastered in production. But the artillery tractor had to be made from scratch.
      However, there was an option - to convert the T-26 into tractors, making their own high-speed tractor "Vickers". This was in the plans, but, as always, the industry let down: the general deterioration of the T-26 required not just alteration, but overhaul. And with that, everything was bad: plant 174 passed the watch - when switching to the T-50, stopped the production of parts for the T-26, and Glavtraktordetal did not take the watch - his factories either produced parts for old LT in homeopathic quantities, or generally avoided concluding contracts for their release for six months.
  15. timokhin-aa
    timokhin-aa 25 July 2020 00: 20 New
    12
    The author, in your photos is not a FAMO with an engine from Tatra, but a post-war completely Czechoslovak clone of this tractor, which was made by Tatra.

    They and SWS produced both Tatra T809, and Sd.KfZ251 armored personnel carriers as OT-810.

    More precisely it is necessary.

    Regarding the fact that the wheels interfered in the mud - interfered, but firstly, without them, the car could not be controlled at speed at all, even the road could not be kept, and secondly, with the help of this "plow" it was sometimes possible to get out of the rut.
    So the wheels were quite out of place.

    Well
    In less than four months, war will begin, and the gunners' conclusions will receive mixed confirmation on the battlefields. Outdated and less than perfect tractors will prevail over the elegantly executed half-track designs of the engineers of the Third Reich.


    But certainly not because of their performance characteristics. In fact, the Germans had the same problems with the Halbkettenfarzogs as with the rest of the equipment - complexity and metal consumption, low manufacturability in production, price, complicated maintenance, a large list of spare parts.
    But while these things were driving, they were more than normal.



    Maneuverability on a winding road. The motor of this instance is not native, the 12-cylinder Tatra is worth it.



    Together with the baby Sd.kFz 10 in the sands. It can be seen how a tractor could tow a heavy weapon on dry grounds. What in the early days of the Blitzkrieg gave such a level of mobility is not difficult to imagine.



    And here is the turn and turn on wet ground.
    1. 41st region
      41st region 25 July 2020 12: 10 New
      +1
      Thanks to the author for the article. Need more. smile
    2. Dr. Frankenstucker
      Dr. Frankenstucker 25 July 2020 12: 16 New
      -4
      price,


      The ninth famo cost the Reich 60 thousand RM - about 125 thousand rubles. Expensive car.
      The 251st khanomag cost 23 thousand RM.
      1. timokhin-aa
        timokhin-aa 25 July 2020 13: 15 New
        +1
        Well, they wouldn’t be expensive with this design.
        1. Dr. Frankenstucker
          Dr. Frankenstucker 25 July 2020 20: 59 New
          -2
          I agree. I wonder what was the cost of Voroshilovets. He is ideologically, perhaps, the closest to the ninth famo.
  16. Gloomy skeptic
    Gloomy skeptic 26 July 2020 14: 54 New
    +2
    Quote: Zug
    A German is a German. A gloomy Teutonic genius. Ours, if such a "captive" were captured, were glad to be immensely.

    Oh really?
    The mechanics and maintenance engineers were especially "happy", not to mention the drivers - when it was necessary to look for spare parts, and to start this "miracle" in the minimum frost and on Soviet fuel was also a "dream" of the ALL Red Army. This trick will work for the museum, but in operation, and even in a war, you need such a tractor that can be repaired with a sledgehammer in an open field! Germany did not have such, it did not exist at all.
  17. Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. 30 July 2020 13: 13 New
    0
    At the same time, Famo's grip on the road was always insufficient and with a hook load of about 3 tons, the tractor began to slip.

    Well, this is from the ignorance of the testers.
    If the Famo body is balanced with a weight load comparable to the standard ammunition load of the towed gun, the traction of the track with the ground will increase accordingly.

    For tracked vehicles, the downforce on the bearing surface is important.
    Since the Famo was not so much a tractor as a half-track transporter with a loading platform, it was worth throwing 2-3 tons of ballast into the body and the pulling force on the hook would increase to 5-6,5 tons.

    Here is a photo of only 2 standard Famo tractors towing the T-VI tank upward, much steeper than 11 degrees.
    They are ballasted with logs used in the evacuation of stuck tanks.

    Four Famo half-track tractors, using pulley blocks, pulled the stuck T-VI tigers out of the swamp.
  18. Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. 30 July 2020 13: 31 New
    0

    here's another pair of Famo dragging the Tiger
  19. Dmitry V.
    Dmitry V. 30 July 2020 13: 40 New
    0
    one drags the Panther
  20. SARANCHA1976
    SARANCHA1976 1 August 2020 10: 34 New
    0
    The conclusion at the end of the article is the dumbest, the tractor or something fought among themselves
  21. Oleg_p
    Oleg_p 14 August 2020 08: 04 New
    0
    "Further along the chain, Kulik writes to Voroshilov and reports on the depressing situation with high-speed artillery tractors in the Red Army. Stones are flying into the STZ-5, which was outdated at that time ..." and the author's conclusions:
    "In less than four months, the war will begin, and the conclusions of the artillerymen will receive mixed confirmation on the battlefields. Outdated and less than perfect tractors will prevail over the elegantly executed half-track structures of the engineers of the Third Reich. Range tests do not always guarantee objectivity, especially in military affairs."
    I completely agree with the author! "Outdated" STZ-5? 9944 was released in the USSR. But when they fell to the Germans as trophies, Hitler was forced to intervene personally and put his personal friend Ferdinand Porsche on the development of an analogue of this "outdated design". As a result, the Germans produced about thirty-four thousand more such machines. But this is a separate topic about another article.
  22. TermNachTer
    TermNachTer 27 September 2020 12: 19 New
    0
    These tests are described in Lipatov's absolutely not secret book "Factory at the Front")))))
  23. EMMM
    EMMM 10 October 2020 18: 46 New
    0
    It is also obvious that this design is no more, no less, as an experimental industrial product for testing the "Tiger" chassis (PzKpfw IV).