Military Review

Boats on the air cavity "Dugong": landing at a surprise check

13
Boats on the air cavity "Dugong": landing at a surprise check

During a surprise check of combat readiness at the Khmelevka training ground in the Kaliningrad region, exercises were held. Their task was to land on the unequipped coast of the amphibious assault.


A message about this appeared on the official VKontakte page of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.

The maneuvers were attended by ships, boats and auxiliary vessels of the Baltic fleet, marines and naval engineering units. Preliminarily, Ka-27 PS helicopters landed special groups on the coast, which made passes through defensive minefields for the safe landing of marines' military equipment from the sea.

The landing was carried out from the Kaliningrad large landing craft and the Evgeny Kocheshkov small amphibious assault ship. Project 21820 Dugong air-cavity boats also took part in the landing of the Marine Corps.


In 2013, due to the design flaws of these landing craft, they were even going to curtail their production, about which Reported then the newspaper Izvestia. But, fortunately, this did not happen.

An air cavity differs from an air cushion in that a layer of compressed air develops under the bottom when the boat is moving, and is not forced by fans. This makes the Dugong boats more economical than their hovercraft counterparts. Since they reach speeds of up to 50 knots (about 90 km / h), it is very difficult to hit them with fire from the shore. Therefore, the use of "Dugongs" allows you to minimize losses during the landing of troops, without resorting to massive fire suppression of coastal defense.

Project 21820 landing craft can be loaded with 4 infantry fighting vehicles, 4 armored personnel carriers or 2 tank... Instead of equipment, it can accommodate up to 90 marines.
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/, Минобороны РФ
13 comments
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  1. Victor_B
    Victor_B 22 July 2020 10: 28 New
    +7
    Project 21820 Dugong air-cavity boats also took part in the landing of the Marine Corps.
    Since they reach speeds of up to 50 knots (about 90 km / h), it is very difficult to hit them with fire from the shore.
    The landing craft project 21820 can be loaded with 4 infantry fighting vehicles, 4 armored personnel carriers or 2 tanks. Instead of equipment, it can accommodate up to 90 marines.

    Cool steamer!
  2. Vlad Malkin
    Vlad Malkin 22 July 2020 10: 45 New
    +8
    We need a lot of such landing boats!
  3. prior
    prior 22 July 2020 11: 02 New
    +8
    He would have a Berezhok-type combat module on the roof to support the landing ...
  4. serg.shishkov2015
    serg.shishkov2015 22 July 2020 11: 08 New
    +6
    I have always been proud of our KVP! The largest THEIR apparatus is as long as the width of our * Bison *! LCAC if memory does not change the largest foreign WUA, I am glad that the Soviet school of developing such devices lives and develops!
  5. PSih2097
    PSih2097 22 July 2020 11: 43 New
    +2
    An air cavity differs from an air cushion in that a layer of compressed air develops under the bottom when the boat is moving, and is not forced by fans. This makes the Dugong boats more economical than their hovercraft counterparts. Since they reach speeds of up to 50 knots (about 90 km / h), it is very difficult to hit them with fire from the shore. Therefore, the use of "Dugongs" allows you to minimize losses during the landing of troops, without resorting to massive fire suppression of coastal defense.

    only the "Bison" can do what the "Dugong" cannot do, namely, "walk on land, like on the sea" ...
    1. serg.shishkov2015
      serg.shishkov2015 22 July 2020 11: 54 New
      +2
      And the firepower * Bison * good help to the landing! 2 AK-630, 2 * Grad-M *, and if I'm not lying 2 AGS-17!
  6. rocket757
    rocket757 22 July 2020 11: 53 New
    +2
    Such a boat, an auxiliary landing vehicle.
    It seems that we do not have a desire to arrange landing operations somewhere far away! But, a good, large, seaworthy transport dock is still needed ... just in case.
    1. demo
      demo 22 July 2020 12: 08 New
      +5
      It seems that we do not have a desire to arrange landing operations somewhere far away!

      Yeah. All "friends" are right under the barrel.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 22 July 2020 12: 35 New
        0
        This is true, but these are such "friends" about which you simply do not want to get dirty.
        I don’t want to write that, but I might have to.
  7. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 22 July 2020 12: 06 New
    +3
    I, as a land person, learned about boats of this type precisely at the VO. I consider them to be very worthy vessels in their tactical niche.
    1. Borsht
      Borsht 24 July 2020 02: 06 New
      +1
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      worthy courts

      By boats or ships.
  8. shark
    shark 22 July 2020 13: 54 New
    0
    I look and imagine that this is not Kaliningrad, but somewhere near Nikolaev. And it feels so good in my soul)))
  9. Vladimir Mashkov
    Vladimir Mashkov 22 July 2020 14: 51 New
    0
    Great boats! It's a pity that they cannot (?) Be used on the UDC ...