Military Review

What is the updated ammunition load of the Tornado-S MLRS capable of? 9M528 and 9M542 versions of rockets

29

Undoubtedly, published in the news section of the Russian military-technical reference publication missilery.info (IS "Rocket Technique") on May 7, 2020, information about the signing by Russian President Vladimir Putin of decree No. 306 "On the award of the State Prize of the Russian Federation named after Marshal of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov in 2020 ”to highly qualified specialists of the top management level of the Tula Scientific and Production Association“ Splav ”for a significant contribution to the development of promising long-range 300-mm guided missiles for the 9K515“ Tornado-S ”MLRS based on the 9M528 / 542 adjustable RS family in the next once strengthened us in the opinion that it is this military-industrial enterprise that will continue to remain the key guarantor of ensuring the dominance of the rocket artillery battalions of the MFA of Russia in hypothetical counter-battery “duels” with the rocket artillery battalions of the ground forces of the NATO bloc member states, which have 227-mm high-precision new MLRS of the M270 MLRS / M142 HIMARS line with updated ammunition.


Excellent flight performance and promising inertial navigation units of the ProNav family turn standard corrected projectiles of the 9M528 and 9M542 families into unique aerospace attack tools capable of penetrating modern anti-missile zones A2 / AD


In particular, solid propellant rocket engines equipped with more massive and "long-playing" charges with a large specific thrust impulse (about 250-260 s) and a long burn-out period of solid propellant charges, as well as more modern ProNav inertial navigation systems based on advanced high-performance on-board computers, promising modifications The 300-mm super-long-range guided missiles 9M528 / 542 boast, firstly, the ability to maintain a high supersonic flight speed (2,5-3M) over a much larger section of the marching section of the trajectory, and secondly, the ability to prolong the altitude (stratospheric) profile flight even on the terminal section of the trajectory (up to the moment the projectile declines in the direction of the battlefield and target) due to the use of more complex and verified operating modes of the ProNav inertial navigation unit.

The aforementioned tactical and technical advantages allow the advanced missiles of the 9M528 and 9M542 line not only to hit the command and staff infrastructure, as well as the enemy mechanized subunits advancing to the active sector of the theater of operations in an operational depth of about 150 km, but also to easily disable the radars of illumination and guidance AN / MPQ-53 long-range anti-aircraft missile systems "Patriot PAC-2 GEM-T" due to the use of ballistic or quasi-ballistic flight trajectories, the terminal section of which will be a dive from the upper layers of the stratosphere at angles of more than 75-83 ° (outside the elevation sector of the radar view illumination and guidance of the MPQ-53, ranging from 1 to 73 degrees).

Under these conditions, the semi-active radar seeker of the MIM-104E anti-aircraft missiles will not be able to receive from the AN / MPQ-53 radars the illumination of the 9M528 / 542 advanced rockets diving at vertical angles, while on the marching section of the trajectory, characterized by an altitude of flight with an apogee of about 35— 40 km, the MIM-104E GEM-T interceptor missiles will not be able to oppose the Tula 9M542 missiles with absolutely nothing, since they have only aerodynamic rudders that lose their effectiveness in the rarefied layers of the stratosphere.

Consequently, the only interceptor missiles that pose a threat to URSs of the 9M542 family will continue to be the MIM-104F PAC-3MSE anti-missiles of the Patriot PAC-3MSE complexes, which are equipped with Ka-band millimeter active radar seeker and are capable of intercepting air attack weapons using target designation from the AWACS AWACS AWACS aircraft, absolutely not needing continuous illumination from the side of the battery-operated radar for the AN / MPQ-3/53 illumination. But here, too, there are some nuances ...

In the conditions of oversaturation of the airspace of the conventional theater of military operations with hundreds of low-altitude, stealthy multipurpose tactical and anti-ship missiles (Kh-101, Kh-38, Kh-59MK / 2, 3M55 "Onyx", etc.), tactical aviation, strike reconnaissance UAVs and electronic warfare aircraft of the Russian Aerospace Forces (including container and integrated onboard electronic warfare systems L-175V / 265M10 and KS-418E "Khibiny-10V / M" and "Himalayas", installed on front-line bombers Su-24M, multifunctional fighters Su-30SM / 1, Su-35S, as well as fighters of the 5th generation Su-57, operators of AN / APY-2 radar systems of RLDN E-3G aircraft may well be distracted by operations to detect and support and issue target designation of a friendly tactical airborne forces of NATO for air targets with a larger effective scattering surface (EPR) than 300-mm rockets of the 9M528 / 542 type. Moreover, the energy potential of the AN / APY-2 "air radars" of the AWACS system allows detecting targets with an effective reflecting surface , 0,1 sq. M (corresponds to the EPR of 300-mm rockets MLRS "Smerch / Tornado-S") at a distance of no more than 170-200 km, which excludes the possibility of early detection and intact Instructions to friendly ground-based air defense systems by means of NATO E-3C / G RLDN aircraft in case of operating the latter at a distance of more than 250 km from the active area of ​​the theater of operations.

As a result, in the above situation, the combat control points of IBCS / EOC ("Engagement Operation Centers") of the Patriot PAC-3MSE complexes in general and the MIM-104F PAC-3MSE missiles interceptors in particular may be deprived of vital target designation over protected radio channels of the tactical network "Link-16" along the 9М528 / 542 missiles reaching the terminal section of the trajectory, which will eventually entail the destruction of AN / MPQ-53/65 radars and the incapacitation of either one battery or a full-fledged anti-missile regiment "Patriot PAC-3MSE" ...

The most piquant moment in this situation is that in the absence of target designation from third-party radar reconnaissance means, the destruction of a full-fledged anti-missile battery "Patriot PAC-3MSE" can be carried out using only a couple of three (possibly one) of the latest Tula high-precision shells family 9М542.

The conclusion suggests itself the following: 300-mm multiple launch rocket systems of the "Smerch" / "Tornado-S" family, equipped with promising high-precision missiles of the 9M542 line, can be used not only as instruments for delivering surgical precision strikes against remote command and staff infrastructure of the enemy and achieving superiority over the enemy in "counter-battery duels", but also as highly effective operational-tactical missile systems, "sharpened" for the implementation of anti-radar operations and the tasks of suppressing enemy air defense and missile defense systems.
Author:
29 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Thrifty
    Thrifty 21 July 2020 05: 15
    +8
    Eugene, in your article everything is described well, even tomorrow in battle, but ... I am sure that the adversary does not sit with his hands folded, and is also improving his weapons! Only a real battle (God forbid) will show how correctly we planned and implemented everything, although in theory now everything looks good, but this is still only a theory. ..
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 21 July 2020 07: 00
      -5
      I haven't read Damantsev for a long time ...
      To me, this article seemed like a direct advertising booklet!
      But!...
      In that case, when on a level training ground, without input, without opposition, for a predetermined target, at the consoles of which green, untrained youths sit ...
      And here we are their KAAAK from around the corner! ...
      That's how it seemed ...
      1. NIKN
        NIKN 21 July 2020 10: 57
        +1
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        To me, this article seemed like a direct advertising booklet!

        Well, a mixture of numbers and letters, with a certain attempt to give the meaning the author needs. However, it was not Damantsev who hooked me.
        "On the award of the State Prize of the Russian Federation named after Marshal of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov in 2020" highly qualified specialists of the top management

        As I understand it, the prize was the most effective managers... Maybe I am of course mistaken and even very biased, but today this association arises on its own, even when you try to resist it. Alas. recourse
      2. lucul
        lucul 21 July 2020 20: 38
        0
        To me, this article seemed like a direct advertising booklet!

        Come on .
        information on the signing by Russian President Vladimir Putin of the decree No. 306 "On the awarding of the State Prize of the Russian Federation named after Marshal of the Soviet Union G.K. Zhukov in 2020" to highly qualified senior specialists of the Tula research and 300-mm guided missiles for 9K515 "Tornado-S" MLRS based on 9M528 / 542 adjustable RS

        I think that the state award was given not for the ability to hit targets in
        operational depth of about 150 km

        And at least more ...))))
      3. Bogatyrev
        Bogatyrev 21 July 2020 22: 39
        0
        No, there won't be a Red Army fighter from around the corner to shoot))
    2. Sidor Amenpodestovich
      Sidor Amenpodestovich 21 July 2020 09: 43
      +2
      What can you say about the comparison of "Tornado-S" and the Belarusian-Chinese "Polonaise"?
      1. Imperial Technocrat
        Imperial Technocrat 21 July 2020 18: 19
        -5
        It's funny even to compare. The tornado is 3 heads taller. In addition, there is almost nothing Belarusian in Polonese - this is a re-labeled not very successful Chinese complex under license
  2. Fedorov
    Fedorov 21 July 2020 06: 01
    +5
    Not everyone will understand what it is about, You need to be a fan of technology, or an officer at least. But the article is valid.
    1. Phoenix
      Phoenix 21 July 2020 08: 10
      0
      What for? You do not need to be neither one nor the other to guess, air defense in the area of ​​responsibility provides cover for each other's dead zones, mutually blocking them. And here again an adherent of the cosmic funnel is rubbing some daughter for us with unbreakable rockets diving from the stratosphere.
  3. pmkemcity
    pmkemcity 21 July 2020 06: 07
    +7
    In the conditions of oversaturation of the airspace of the conventional theater of operations with hundreds of low-altitude, stealthy multipurpose tactical and anti-ship missiles (Kh-101, Kh-38, Kh-59MK / 2, 3M55 Onyx, etc.), tactical aviation, strike reconnaissance UAVs and electronic warfare aircraft of the Russian Aerospace Forces (including container and integrated onboard electronic warfare systems L-175V / 265M10 and KS-418E "Khibiny-10V / M" and "Himalayas" installed on front-line bombers Su-24M, multifunctional fighters Su-30SM / 1, Su-35S, as well as fighters of the 5th generation Su-57, operators of AN / APY-2 radar systems of RLDN E-3G aircraft may well be distracted by operations to detect and escort and issue target designation to friendly tactical aviation of the NATO Allied Forces airborne objects with a larger effective scattering surface (EPR) than 300-mm rockets of the 9M528 / 542 type.

    Thought, like the proposal itself, is clearly oversaturated with "hundreds" of missiles and aircraft. Without decoding the abbreviation 120 words! If you count with all the numbers and this very abbreviation, Tolstoy is resting with his 229 words in War and Peace. Let's at least reduce to a reasonable amount of means of attack.
    1. Imperial Technocrat
      Imperial Technocrat 21 July 2020 18: 20
      +1
      Application "Translator from Damantsevsky to Russian" to help you
      1. pmkemcity
        pmkemcity 22 July 2020 04: 49
        +1
        Quote: Imperial Technocrat
        Application "Translator from Damantsevsky to Russian" to help you

        And without an interpreter, it is clear that Ostap suffered ...
  4. Pashhenko Nikolay
    Pashhenko Nikolay 21 July 2020 06: 27
    +3
    And what is the CEP of an inertial guidance system? Why not Glonas? To be honest, missiles with such guidance systems do not look like high-precision weapons. Rather, they are the same for work on areas.
    1. Dmitry V.
      Dmitry V. 21 July 2020 09: 50
      +2
      Quote: Pashhenko Nikolay
      And what is the KVO of the inertial guidance system? Why not Glonas?


      KVO INS within the affected area.

      GLONASS "chokes" with the same success as GPS - cheap and bypass in conditions of simple radar countermeasures
    2. Lopatov
      Lopatov 21 July 2020 14: 47
      +3
      Quote: Pashhenko Nikolay
      And what is the KVO of the inertial guidance system? Why not Glonas?

      And he too is. GLONASS in the sense. And the ZhPS seems to be the same: http://glonass-portal.ru/catalog/modules/bpv

      This option has long become the main one - the data of the global positioning system are not directly used to control the ammunition, but adjust the INS. And the data from this inertial system, in turn, is used for control.

      In this case, it becomes much more difficult to influence the ammunition by jamming the signal.
    3. Aag
      Aag 24 July 2020 10: 00
      0
      Quote: Pashhenko Nikolay
      And what is the CEP of an inertial guidance system? Why not Glonas? To be honest, missiles with such guidance systems do not look like high-precision weapons. Rather, they are the same for work on areas.

      Quite acceptable ("deviation" is it).
      Because Glonas with a high degree of probability will be "turned off" in case of a serious mess.
      For MLRS missiles, for KVO, before the Strategic Missile Forces missiles, correlating the firing range, it will be far away ...
  5. Reserve buildbat
    Reserve buildbat 21 July 2020 06: 57
    +6
    "The most piquant moment in this situation is that" the author claims that "AN / APY-2 of the AWACS system allows detecting targets with an effective reflecting surface of 0,1 sq. M. (Corresponds to the RCS of 300-mm MLRS missiles" Smerch / Tornado-S ") at a distance of no more than 170-200 km" smile And what is the range of this "Tornado-S"? From the text it follows that about 150 km. So that... smile
    1. Peter is not the first
      Peter is not the first 21 July 2020 08: 43
      +6
      The author claims that at such a distance these rockets are detected by the AWACS air radar, which is neither above the target of attack, nor, moreover, above the line of contact, but at a distance of up to 250 km from these targets, which is described in the article ...
  6. sen
    sen 21 July 2020 08: 41
    +6
    If you equip 300-mm "Smerch" / "Tornado-S" shells with a passive radar, then they can be used to destroy enemy radars, incl. Radar serif shells.
  7. Operator
    Operator 21 July 2020 10: 11
    +3
    Absolutely correct conclusion of the author of the article - in the conditions of massive use of MLRS "Tornado-S" (otherwise, salvo systems do not know how to fire) with guided missile missile missile defense of the enemy, the dust will simply choke.

    It is necessary to pay attention to one more positive point - the accuracy of the operation of inertial homing systems depends only on time, and not on the flight distance. Therefore, the greater the speed (up to 6M - the beginning of hypersound) of guided missiles, the more accurate they are - such is the domestic bauble.

    However, the article contains one fundamental inaccuracy - in the military conflict in the European theater of operations, the Tornado-S MLRS guided missiles will be equipped with 250-ktn special warheads weighing 130 kg, which will provide them with a flight range of about 300 km, as well as overcoming any NATO air defense / missile defense by leading detonation of 1 (one) special warheads in the stratosphere above each of the air defense / missile defense zones with jamming of all radars with an electromagnetic pulse.

    And those diving in the atmosphere (altitude 100 km or less) on hypersound controlled RS are not intercepted by all sorts of different "Patriots" and other THAADs from the word at all.

    PS Persians sleep and see to buy many, many relatively cheap "Tornado-S" (the range of which is within the limits of the current ban on the transfer of missile technology) this fall, immediately after the end of the embargo on arms supplies to Iran - in order to support the Russian manufacturer in action , apparently bully
    1. Mimoprohodil
      Mimoprohodil 27 July 2020 15: 37
      0
      Quote: Operator
      missiles MLRS "Tornado-S" will be equipped with 250-ktn special warheads weighing 130 kg, which will provide them with a flight range of about 300 km
      In 9M542, the warhead has already been reduced to 150 kg, to obtain a range of 120 km
  8. masff2307
    masff2307 21 July 2020 11: 00
    +4
    And the author is just fine.
    The article describes the "Tornado-S" MLRS complex, and in the photo he places a representative of another MLRS complex - product 9A53.
    Noodles on the ears of our "partners" - in full growth ...
    I praise the author ...
  9. Private-K
    Private-K 21 July 2020 12: 21
    +1
    as highly effective operational-tactical missile systems

    Long-range MLRS have long become, in fact, multifunctional missile systems capable of both hitting area and point targets.
  10. prodi
    prodi 21 July 2020 13: 06
    0
    it is not very clear why take off to an altitude of 30 km with a reach of 100-200 km, the accuracy of inertial guidance systems (if any) will not increase from this
    1. Imperial Technocrat
      Imperial Technocrat 21 July 2020 18: 23
      -1
      Above 25-30 km, the American air defense does not work. And the missile defense does not work below, in my opinion, 60-80 km. So it turns out an invulnerable blind zone in which the shells of this MLRS fly, that the Iskander rocket
  11. KKND
    KKND 21 July 2020 16: 27
    0
    Yes, Damantsev, as always, writes (I doubt that he believes in everything he wrote, and the surname is a pseudonym) in the style of military science fiction, where everything is network-centric, ultra-high-tech and AWACS are able to program anti-aircraft missiles and inertial mode and provide radio correction to them. Tries to imitate Tom Clancy, who was a harsh realist by comparison. wassat
    In the 80s, he would have a dear cartoon for children, and even remove it for adults, like:
    Yes, only it is unlikely that he will work with his articles and for 1 minute of animation, but it's a pity I would have looked. crying
  12. Imperial Technocrat
    Imperial Technocrat 21 July 2020 18: 18
    -2
    Such a good mini-Iskander turns out
  13. Andrey_Capral
    Andrey_Capral 24 July 2020 01: 54
    +1
    Well, the article is really not bad ... Not bad in terms of information. I will tell you honestly a person who works on a similar technique and even faced a similar one as a design engineer. The article has a lot of inaccuracies, or rather embellishments, these systems do not have such surgical accuracy as it was written in the article, well, no, honestly I tell you. Secondly, the GOS that is put on them is the Radio GOS, it does not work by aiming the beam, not by the thermal signal (which is a very erroneous opinion there is a thermal signal on the new generation heads), but by the radiation signal of certain frequencies. Unfortunately, those conditions that are described in the article for countering air defense are dreams and are straight for cloudy ... this whole system is a bulldozer for plowing the soil and making it unusable, but there are single launches, but knowing the ballistics here you can not be Korolyov and say how a stone will fly at an angle along a ballistic trajectory, with a very large scattering area. but about the fact that there is an accompanying projectile so it has long been known but has not yet been taken into operation, for many reasons. So this article is interesting, but the information is presented as for sale! Verdict, for such missions there are more accurate and specially sharpened systems, and RZSO is working out by area. Yes, one more nuance, those ranges indicated are not correct) there are no exact numbers, but during tests they give out less, the engines have been updated, but not much.
    1. smel
      smel 27 July 2020 08: 43
      0
      I agree with you completely. As a person who has worked both on exercises and in a different setting with this system. The article is interesting, but it is a fantasy on a free topic. The principles embodied in the ammunition are interesting and innovative, but they (the principles) are more than 25 years old. And the execution is still far from perfect. Well, I would advise "experts" to find information where and what is similar in our Armed Forces. Unfortunately, Tornado-U is still only in the minds of the commanders.