Military Review

Armored vehicles for the Arctic: the main battle tank T-80BVM goes to the troops

55

Tanks T-80BVM at a training session before the parade in Murmansk, May 4, 2018


Since 2018, the Russian industry has been carrying out serial modernization of T-80B tanks from parts and from storage according to the modern T-80BVM design. Dozens of such armored vehicles have already returned to service in a new quality, and it is expected to receive regular batches. It is noteworthy that the units and divisions serving in the most difficult conditions were the first to receive the updated equipment. This is directly related to the special capabilities of the modernized tanks.

The tank goes to the troops


In August 2017, the Ministry of Defense and NPK Uralvagonzavod signed a contract to modernize the MBT T-80B for the new BVM project. 62 armored vehicles were sent for update; deliveries were scheduled for 2018 and 2019. - 31 units. In the future, new orders were planned.

According to the Ministry of Defense, the first modernized T-80BVMs entered the 60th separate guard tank battalion of the 200th separate motorized rifle brigade of the Northern coastal forces fleet (Pechenga settlement, Murmansk region). The first successes in rearmament were already shown on May 9, 2018, when several new armored vehicles took part in the parade in the city of Murmansk.

In November 2019, the Ministry of Defense announced the delivery of 26 modernized MBT, which completed the rearmament of the tank battalion of the 200th Omsbr. According to the results of 2018-19. the brigade was armed with 40 T-80BVM tanks. For some time she became the largest operator of such equipment.


Tanks of the 200th separate motorized rifle brigade

In June last year, the media reported on the supply of T-80BVM to another military unit. A set of upgraded tanks entered the tank battalion of the 38th Separate Guards Motorized Rifle Brigade (v. Yekaterinoslavka, Amur Region) of the ground forces of the Eastern Military District.

Across the Arctic


Recently, new information has appeared in the domestic media about the modernization and deployment of a new type of MBT. With reference to sources in the Ministry of Defense, it is alleged that by the end of the year the T-80BVM tanks will be equipped with all the remaining land units serving in the Arctic.

According to known data, modern tanks have not yet received only two "Arctic" compounds. This is the 61st separate brigade of the marine corps of the Northern Fleet (Murmansk Region) and the 40th separate brigade of the marine corps of the Pacific Fleet (Kamchatka).

It is likely that it is precisely these brigades that in the near future will receive several dozen MBT T-80BVMs, which will positively affect their combat effectiveness. In addition, modernized tanks in two brigades will complete the formation of a sufficiently large and powerful armored force in the strategic northern direction. It can be assumed that, having received the 200th Omsbr, as well as the 61st and 40th rifle tanks, in total, they will have about 100-120 modern T-80BVMs after a tank battalion.


Wound up - and let's go! Tank 200th Omsbr

Tanks are transferred to units of the ground forces and marines. Thus, they can act on land or participate in amphibious assaults. The Northern and Pacific fleets have large landing ships with the ability to transport tanks - this seriously increases the mobility of tank battalions and expands their combat capabilities.

Tank for difficult conditions


It should be noted that earlier the medium and main tanks of a number of types were in service with these compounds, but the current program provides for a complete transition to the T-80BVM. The reasons for this are quite simple. The Arctic and the Far East are characterized by low temperatures and other negative climatic phenomena. Under such conditions, tanks of the T-80 family show themselves better than other domestic MBTs.

The main “Arctic” advantages of the T-80BVM are related to the used power plant. In the engine compartment of the tank is a gas turbine engine GTD-1250 with a capacity of 1250 hp Such an engine provides high power density and mobility. In addition, in comparison with the piston, it is easier to operate at low temperatures.

It is known that starting a diesel engine at negative air temperatures (and corresponding cooling of the structure) is a very complex and lengthy process. Preheating is required, and then long-term heating is required during operation, inlet air preparation, etc. All these procedures, depending on the temperature and condition of the engine, can take half an hour or more.


T-80BVM on Red Square, June 24, 2020

GTD in this regard is much simpler and more convenient. Launch with access to the operating mode takes several minutes, after which the tank is ready for movement - and battle. However, a gas turbine engine is disadvantageously characterized by increased fuel consumption in a number of modes, however, the simplicity of operation in arctic conditions compensates for this drawback. The problem is engine dust sensitivity, but in the proposed deployment regions, this factor is practically irrelevant.

No worse than others


In terms of performance in cold regions, the T-80BVM is superior to other domestic tanks. In addition, it is not inferior to other MBTs in combat qualities due to weapons, control systems, etc. The BVM project provides for a number of measures aimed at increasing combat effectiveness in all possible conditions.

During the modernization, the survivability of the tank is enhanced by the installation of Dynamic Relic and lattice screens. These tools cover the frontal and side projection and complement the tank's own protection. There is the possibility of installing active protection "Arena".

The basis of the armament complex is a 125-mm smoothbore gun-launcher 2A46M-4 with a loading mechanism. The latter is being finalized for the use of modern armor-piercing shells of increased length. The all-weather multi-channel gunner’s sight “Sosna-U” is being introduced into the LMS. Paired and anti-aircraft machine gun, as well as a complex of guided weapons 9K119 "Reflex". The communication complex is being finalized using the VHF radio station R-168-25U-2 "Aqueduct".


According to needs


Currently, several MBT upgrade programs are being implemented in the interests of the Russian army. Through serial repair and modernization, T-72B3, T-90M and T-80BVM tanks are produced. All these machines have certain similarities and are partially unified, but significant differences remain.

The modernized T-80BVM are sent to regions with characteristic climatic conditions, where they can most fully realize their potential. Due to this, the armed forces receive developed and sufficiently powerful armored groups in strategically important directions.

According to known data, to date, the updated T-80BVM deployed on the Kola Peninsula and in the Amur Region. Until the end of the year, two new battalions are expected to appear on such equipment, near Murmansk and Kamchatka. Thus, the protection of the most important frontiers is being strengthened - and modern main battle tanks become its key element.
Author:
Photos used:
Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation
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  1. Stepych
    Stepych 14 July 2020 05: 44 New
    -4
    The diesel has the ability to freeze at -40, especially if the equipment is still in motion, then there will be all -60
    And why only Kamchatka and Murmansk arm? Between them is an open hole with a length of more than 5000 km.
    1. Stalllker
      Stalllker 14 July 2020 05: 54 New
      +8
      -40 and "in Africa" ​​-40 !!! Standing or moving, it doesn’t matter ... Can I ask a question ?! A duck on two legs weighs 2 kg 750 gr., How much will it weigh on one leg?
      1. Stepych
        Stepych 14 July 2020 06: 06 New
        -1
        quite cookie
    2. carstorm 11
      carstorm 11 14 July 2020 08: 11 New
      0
      who said only them? they just got them first
    3. Devil13
      Devil13 14 July 2020 09: 38 New
      13
      There is permafrost and emptiness. Who is there to attack the landing, bears?
    4. Blacksmith 55
      Blacksmith 55 14 July 2020 10: 09 New
      +3
      The temperature during parking and in motion does not change. It is only warm-blooded that they feel colder in the wind. Tank or diesel do not care.
      1. Aag
        Aag 15 July 2020 12: 54 New
        0
        "It is only the warm-blooded that feel as if colder in the wind."
        Ah, now it’s clear why the fans put in the engine cooling systems, so that the horses do not sweat!
        It remains a mystery why the planes on the aircraft are heated, watered with alcohol ...)))
        1. TANKISTONE
          TANKISTONE 18 September 2020 13: 35 New
          0
          AAG (Alexander Astapenko)
          It remains a mystery why the planes on the aircraft are heated, watered with alcohol ...)))
          ... Therefore, they limited the maximum speed of the Russian MBT, otherwise you will not be enough alcohol on them !!! laughing
          1. Aag
            Aag 18 September 2020 15: 32 New
            0
            Quote: TANKISTONE
            AAG (Alexander Astapenko)
            It remains a mystery why the planes on the aircraft are heated, watered with alcohol ...)))
            ... Therefore, they limited the maximum speed of the Russian MBT, otherwise you will not be enough alcohol on them !!! laughing

            I have nothing against humor ...
            The question is different. Did I indicate my full name in my profile? Do you think this is a violation of the rules of the site (one was banned for such a thing ..)? And it's simple, not decent (if you know this) ...
      2. Aag
        Aag 15 July 2020 14: 38 New
        0
        "The temperature does not change when parked or in motion."
        I will not argue. If we are talking about the temperature of the external environment (air).
        "It is only the warm-blooded that feel as if colder in the wind."
        Won something. I was wondering why the fans in the CO (cooling system) ICE (internal combustion engines), and others put it, so that the "warm-blooded" horses did not sweat! It remains a mystery to whom they are warming, pouring alcohol-containing liquids on the planes of aircraft (aircraft) ...)))
        If it’s more serious, turn off the cooler (fan) on your PC, laptop. (I'm from a smartphone!))). The temperature of the environment will change negligible, but we can hardly communicate with you.))
        Sorry, long, to the fact that in addition to temperature there is also heat capacity, heat transfer, dew point ... I agree with you: the engine starts at a certain "minus" regardless of whether there is wind or not. But whether it warms up, it will come out to the operating mode? It may be necessary to warm up to spring!)) It depends on many factors. How the oil pipelines, air ducts, airflow are laid (I understand that in the tank, in the parking lot, the heat exchange changes in movement ... nothing). It’s just that you severely besieged the opponent (I agree, the comment is incomplete and (or) incorrectly worded.) Let's be kinder, more constructive ?! hi drinks
      3. Mazuta
        Mazuta 17 July 2020 14: 16 New
        0
        For 55:
        Whose temperature is it ?! what
    5. Nastia makarova
      Nastia makarova 14 July 2020 12: 19 New
      +3
      and who can attack from the sea? White bears?
      1. Stalllker
        Stalllker 14 July 2020 13: 37 New
        0
        US Navy White Fur Seals
        1. Nastia makarova
          Nastia makarova 14 July 2020 15: 16 New
          -1
          our polar bears seals will tear))))
          1. Stalllker
            Stalllker 14 July 2020 15: 51 New
            0
            Well, when the bears are also on the armor of the T-80, then no one will have to tear
            1. Nastia makarova
              Nastia makarova 14 July 2020 16: 21 New
              -1
              there will only be an unpleasant smell from the enemy))))
              1. Stalllker
                Stalllker 14 July 2020 18: 55 New
                0
                And this too ... Two clowns did not appreciate our humorous dialogue))
    6. Guru
      Guru 31 August 2020 00: 07 New
      0
      Diesel has the brand DT-L (summer) DT-Z (winter) is distinguished by the addition of kerosene, But the brand DT-Arctic is generally thin at -60. In those regions where the T-80 is used almost everywhere winter diesel fuel, summer diesel fuel is used in about the same way as in our middle lane AI-100 gasoline.
      And why only Kamchatka and Murmansk are armed
      There, the climate is optimal for a gas turbine power plant.
    7. Aleksandr1971
      Aleksandr1971 11 September 2020 15: 59 New
      0
      Because the Americans will not be able to repeat Operation Overlord in this "hole".
  2. Owl
    Owl 14 July 2020 07: 44 New
    10
    Question: have additional small-sized gas turbine units been installed at these facilities to power all tank systems when stationary (at a position) with the GTD-1250 muffled? The fuel consumption (GT-1 kerosene) of the gas turbine engine is very high, and the start-up consumption is about 50 liters. At the exhibitions they show tanks all with additional units, but what comes to the troops is a question. Usually in Russia and the USSR, when trying to save 5 kopecks, they lost 100 rubles (a military saying).
    1. Nehist
      Nehist 14 July 2020 07: 49 New
      +1
      Installed but not gas turbine but diesel. Moreover, for a long time.
      1. flanker7
        flanker7 15 July 2020 21: 15 New
        0
        Auxiliary gas turbine unit - 18 kW. Diesel on the T80 does not happen.
      2. Guru
        Guru 31 August 2020 00: 09 New
        0
        Diesel ones are equipped only with T84-Kharkov production, and ours are all gas turbine ones.
    2. Stalllker
      Stalllker 14 July 2020 13: 38 New
      +1
      They have been setting for a long time
    3. flanker7
      flanker7 15 July 2020 21: 11 New
      0
      Start cycle approx. 1 min. Fuel consumption about 10 liters.
  3. uorlov
    uorlov 14 July 2020 08: 48 New
    -1
    I read that in a tank gas turbine engine, auxiliary units use oils that require prolonged heating. In addition, the gas turbine engine does not like snowfall - air filters are clogged instantly. Well, there are well-known flaws in transport gas turbine engines: high fuel consumption, dislike for transient conditions, poor throttle response.
    1. Stalllker
      Stalllker 14 July 2020 13: 44 New
      +5
      I read in childhood that Peter had 1 member knee-deep
    2. Mazuta
      Mazuta 17 July 2020 14: 23 New
      0
      About the throttle response ...
      Therefore, the t-80 gears are so few ?!
      1. Mazuta
        Mazuta 17 July 2020 14: 35 New
        0
        Either explain the reason or delete the account to hell ...
        1. Mazuta
          Mazuta 17 July 2020 14: 36 New
          0
          Shame on the admin ...
  4. Devil13
    Devil13 14 July 2020 09: 41 New
    -7
    "we, so cool, will make a single new OBT for the whole army, blah blah blah."
    - Three types of MBT, of which 72 are still, and 80 still have not delivered OBPS and machine gun remote control.
    And four - considering the trial operation of valves. Can I not? Put the gas turbine engine in the armature, put 152mm and send it to the north, you are like suckers.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 14 July 2020 11: 51 New
      +5
      Quote: Devil13
      - Three types of MBT, of which 72 are still, and 80 still have not delivered OBPS and machine gun remote control.
      And four - considering the trial operation of valves.

      Spawn this did not happen, and again the same. ©
      It’s good that the T-55 and T-62 were written off. And then there would again be a BTV, as in the days of the Soviet Army - with its four types of MBT (even five, if you recall the diesel version of the T-80).
      1. Stalllker
        Stalllker 14 July 2020 13: 46 New
        -2
        Well, well, good tanks, tune them and steam the Arabs
      2. Nehist
        Nehist 14 July 2020 15: 23 New
        0
        Gg they were not sent, but put into reserve. Moreover, the T-55 of the latest modernization is still a little thing !!!!
    2. agond
      agond 14 July 2020 11: 51 New
      +3
      Typically, the efficiency of gas turbine engines increases markedly at low temperatures, along the winter road at -40 * C and below, the cruising range should be close to the T-72 in summer along the highway. and then it’s easy to go along the winter road as if on a good dirt road .... if in winter the ice is thick enough you can even get to Novaya Zemlya, but in summer you probably can’t drive along the tundra on a tank
      1. Captain45
        Captain45 14 July 2020 14: 47 New
        +4
        Quote: agond
        but in the summer on the tundra in the tank probably will not pass


        It’s more likely not the T-80, but the PT-76 is useful, the Taimyr tundra in the summer
  5. Undecim
    Undecim 14 July 2020 11: 43 New
    +9
    Launching with access to the operating mode takes several minutes, after which the tank is ready for movement - and battle
    To do this, the batteries must be in perfect condition. Unlike a diesel engine, a gas turbine engine cannot be launched with a tugboat either. High-capacity batteries are required for the operation of the ignition device at start-up, as well as for the drive of the oil pump at the end of work, in order to cool the bearings of the rotors, preventing the oil from coking from heat flows going to the shaft from the hot working blades.
    At temperatures below -30 degrees, the installation of "warm" batteries is required.
    1. Narak-zempo
      Narak-zempo 14 July 2020 13: 31 New
      +4
      Quote: Undecim
      To do this, the batteries must be in perfect condition. Unlike a diesel engine, a gas turbine engine cannot be launched using compressed air either.

      You just need an auxiliary power plant.
      1. Nehist
        Nehist 14 July 2020 15: 27 New
        0
        So set a long time ago !!!! Back in Soviet times! It’s just that the training machines were shown on the box mainly without additional diesel
    2. Zufei
      Zufei 18 July 2020 14: 10 New
      0
      I didn't expect this from you. VTS - air turbo starter is widely used to start a gas turbine engine. It is a compact air turbine with a centrifugal release in the box of gas turbine drives.
      1. Undecim
        Undecim 18 July 2020 14: 50 New
        0
        MTC - an air turbostarter is used to start a gas turbine engine quite widely.
        This is not about aviation, but about tanks.
        1. Zufei
          Zufei 18 July 2020 16: 11 New
          0
          Electric start - for the middle lane. There is no alternative for tanks in the Arctic. We'll have to modify it under the military technical cooperation. I connected a nitrogen cylinder and started it at -60.
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 18 July 2020 22: 05 New
            0
            Where did you connect the nitrogen cylinder?
  6. Free wind
    Free wind 14 July 2020 17: 47 New
    +3
    The author is of course cunning. If you need to start an auxiliary diesel engine to start the gas turbine engine. then warm it up before starting. Moreover, all batteries are tested in factories at temperatures not lower than -35. When working at lower temperatures no one gives guarantees, NOBODY! Therefore, either warm the boxes, or remove the batteries, or electric heating from external sources, and on the march in the parking lot, do not turn off the auxiliary engine. There were engines and did not jam all winter in the North. Well, the gearbox must be warmed up, and the box warms up for quite some time. Otherwise, the seals frozen to the shafts will simply tear off. So here is a three-edged sword. I had to start the engines at -45. Ride at -50-52. The lowest frost -63 I was in grade 3. Go it all through the forest. The realization that if the engine is dead is dead, it doesn’t work on the nerves in the most pleasant way.
    1. Stepych
      Stepych 15 July 2020 07: 35 New
      0
      stupid people from the south comment on the campaign. All grease thickens in the cold
      The diesel engine will freeze you will not start.
  7. Tarasios
    Tarasios 14 July 2020 18: 30 New
    0
    Quote: Stepych
    quite cookie

    then - "completely quack-quack"))
  8. a.hamster55
    a.hamster55 14 July 2020 18: 46 New
    0
    Dear forum users! Enlighten me incompetent, but at high temperatures + how are they being saved under armor now? Something was written about air conditioners, but I did not hear about reviews. Or it was an advertisement.
    1. Mazuta
      Mazuta 17 July 2020 20: 11 New
      0
      Everything is like at the office. dealer: "any whim for your money!"
      You want with air conditioning, you want, without it ...
  9. Alexander Titov
    Alexander Titov 15 July 2020 13: 59 New
    -1
    But what about the very Shramita? All the same, the toilet will not be installed in it, because they repaint the old and give out as new?
  10. Ngauro
    Ngauro 15 July 2020 16: 45 New
    0
    Well, what's the point if all the rest of the equipment is on diesels? Will tanks alone fight?
  11. flanker7
    flanker7 15 July 2020 21: 32 New
    +1
    Quote: uorlov
    I read that in a tank gas turbine engine, auxiliary units use oils that require prolonged heating. In addition, the gas turbine engine does not like snowfall - air filters are clogged instantly. Well, there are well-known flaws in transport gas turbine engines: high fuel consumption, dislike for transient conditions, poor throttle response.

    The tank is ready for movement in 1-2 minutes. The engine is not susceptible to snowfall when driving, you only need to clean the input blinds before starting. Regarding transient modes and throttle response, this is not entirely true: here the driving mode is primarily regulated by the SAR, (the engine speed remains unchanged).
    And the acceleration of the gas turbine engine is such that it is necessary to search!
    1. Mazuta
      Mazuta 17 July 2020 20: 18 New
      0
      "... in one to two minutes ..."
      after which, how to get started?
      "And the engine has such a throttle response that you need to look!"
      for this he is forgiven for such an expense ...
  12. Kuz
    Kuz 18 July 2020 22: 38 New
    12
    A good owner will need everything yes
    1. agond
      agond 21 July 2020 11: 39 New
      0
      Quote: Free Wind
      The realization that if the engine is dead, you are dead, it does not get on your nerves in the most pleasant way.

      We put stove stoves on cars in vans and fired them with coal ... a mini boiler could be attached to the tank with the ability to heat both liquid and solid fuel, you can install heating elements in the right places to quickly warm up the mechanisms from an external source of electricity, the tank can be painted with a special paint, similar to the one that satellites and space stations paint, that is, an aluminum cup of a thermos with boiling water painted with such paint does not burn the hand, and in general, as they say in northern Canada, cold is a problem for fools, smart people should not have such a problem
      1. TANKISTONE
        TANKISTONE Yesterday, 16: 15 New
        0
        agond (Рацухин)

        Мы на машинах в фургоны ставили буржуйки и топили углем... к танку то же можно было бы приделать мини котел с возможностью топить как жидким так и твердым топливом...
        Три Емели на одной печке, такого даже в сказках не встретишь! wink