Military Review

Princes and bastards of Bonaparte's house

59
Princes and bastards of Bonaparte's house

Article “The French Foreign Legion in the First and Second World Wars” Louis Blanchard was mentioned, who in 1940 entered the Foreign Legion and fought in its ranks against Germany.


The real name of this man is Louis Jerome Victor Emmanuel Leopold Maria Napoleon. Until his death (which followed in 1997), he called himself Emperor Napoleon VI. He was forced to take a different name because in France there was a law on the expulsion of members of the royal and imperial families, repealed only in 1950. After the surrender of France, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte participated in the Resistance movement. On August 28, 1944, the car in which he was in a serious accident: out of seven people, only one survived - he himself. After recovery, he joined the Alpine division, in which he ended the war.

However, many consider the last officially recognized legal heir to the Bonaparte family to be another person who died in June 1879. He was the son of Napoleon I’s nephew, Charles Louis Napoleon, better known as Napoleon III. This man, who never became Napoleon IV, will be described in the article, but first we will talk about the children of the great emperor of the French.

Charles Leon


As you know, the first child of Napoleon I Bonaparte was Charles, born December 13, 1806 from the fleeting romance of the emperor with Eleanor Denuel de la Plenier, who was a friend of Carolina Bonaparte and, according to rumors, the lover of her husband, Joachim Murat.


Unbekannter Künstler. Eleonore Denuelle de La Plaigne (1787-1868)

This boy received the title of Count Leon.

It is believed that it was Charles’s birth that prompted Napoleon to think about a divorce from Josephine: he was convinced that he could have children, and he passionately wanted to become the father of a legitimate offspring who would become the heir to his empire.

Napoleon cooled almost immediately to Eleanor, having bought off from her with an annual maintenance of 22 thousand francs, and allocated another 30 thousand a year to Charles.

With his son, who turned out to be very similar to him both in appearance and temperament (but he didn’t inherit his father’s abilities), he sometimes met in Tuileries, where the boy was specially brought in to meet with him.

In February 1808, Eleanor married Lieutenant Pierre-Philippe Augier, who went missing in Russia during the crossing of the Berezina. Her next husband was the Bavarian Earl Karl-August von Luxburg, who at one time served as ambassador to Paris. This marriage was concluded in 1814 and lasted as long as thirty-five years.

In a will drawn up on the island of St. Helena, Napoleon allocated 300 thousand francs to his first-born. Charles, who was noted for his obsessive behavior, quickly squandered them and in 1838 even ended up in a debt prison. He also did not work out with studies and service: he could not finish his studies at the University of Heidelberg, he was dismissed from the post of commander of the battalion of the National Guard of Saint-Denis for "neglect of duties."


Charles Leon

But he became famous for the duel in which in 1832 he killed in the Vincennes forest Karl Hesse - the same illegitimate prince, only English, who was adjutant of Wellington and cousin of the future Queen Victoria. In the meantime, he visited England, where he met with his cousin (future Emperor Napoleon III) and also nearly got into a duel with him. The fight did not take place due to the fact that the rivals could not agree on a choice weapons: Charles insisted on pistols¸ and the seconds of the enemy brought two swords. They argued for so long that they caught the attention of the police. Personally, I have this история recalled the unsuccessful duel between M. Voloshin and N. Gumilyov, who contrived to quarrel over the nonexistent poetess Cherubina de Gabriak, whose mask, as it later turned out, was hiding Elizaveta Dmitrieva. Gumilyov was late because his car was stuck in the snow, but Voloshin came even later, because along the way he lost one of his galoshes and looked for her for a very long time (and earned the nickname “Vax Kaloshin” in St. Petersburg). Gumilyov did not hit the opponent, Voloshin shot in the air.

For Charles Leon, a failed duel with the future emperor ended in deportation to France, where he began to sue his mother, forcing her to pay him a maintenance of 4000 francs a year. He tried to engage in literary activities and even wrote to Pope Pius IX a letter in which he offered himself as a contender for the “position” of the King of Rome.

After the cousin still came to power in France, Charles came to him, demanding for himself some “dust-free” position, but he limited himself to the appointment of a pension of 6000 francs and one-time allocated another 255 francs. Charles quickly squandered the money. Feeling the approach of old age, he married his mistress (daughter of the former gardener of the count), with whom he lived for 000 years (and during this time she managed to give birth to 9 children). He died at the age of 6 on April 75, 14. The family did not have money for his burial, and therefore the first son of the great emperor of France was buried at the expense of the municipality of Pontoise.

Alexander Walewski


Napoleon’s second son, Alexander-Florian-Joseph Colonna-Walewski, was born on May 4, 1810 from a young Polish countess (a little more than a month after Napoleon’s marriage with Maria-Louise of Austria, daughter of Emperor Franz I).


Robert Lefebvre. Portrait of Countess Maria Valevskaya


J. Rouget. The wedding of Napoleon and the Archduchess Duchess Maria Louise in the Carre salon in the Louvre. 1810

When six months later, Mary and her son arrived in Paris, Napoleon did not spare money and ordered her to be allocated a monthly maintenance of 10 thousand francs. Nevertheless, he did not begin to detain the former mistress in Paris: the countess left for Warsaw, and the next (and last) time Napoleon saw his son only 4 years later - on the island of Elba.

In September 1816, Maria married Philippe-Antoine d'Ornano, a former colonel of the guard of her royal lover, and in December 1817 she died after giving birth.

In 1820, her son Alexander was sent to study at one of Geneva's private schools, returning to Warsaw, he did not accept the offer of Grand Duke Constantine to become his adjutant and lived as a private person under the tacit supervision of the police (after all, everyone remembered who his father was) . But this observation was purely formal, it was very bad, and in 1827 Alexander fled to France, where he contacted emigrants and three years later took part in the Polish uprising of 1830-1831, and after losing the rank of captain, he entered the service to the French army. He turned out to be smarter and more capable of his older brother Charles, and therefore, having retired in 1837, he made a good career in the diplomatic field. His affairs went especially well after the accession of Napoleon III, in which he consistently served as ambassador to Florence, Naples and London, and in May 1855 he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. It was Alexander Walewski who became the chairman at the Paris Congress of 1856, at which the results of the Crimean War were discussed. Then he received the Grand Cross of the Legion of Honor. Later, he served as president of the Legislative Corps and was a member of the Academy of Fine Arts.


Aleksander Colonna-Walewski

Bonaparte's second son was married to the Italian countess Maria Anne di Ricci, who also had Polish roots - she was the great-granddaughter of the last king of Poland, Stanislav Augustus Poniatowski.

He died on September 27, 1868, before he reached the time of the war with Prussia and the collapse of the empire, which was unfortunate for France and its influential relative.

Eaglet


But the only legitimate son of Napoleon I was Eaglet - Napoleon Francois Joseph Charles Bonaparte, born March 28, 1811 in Tuileries from the second wife of the emperor - Maria Louise of Austria.

Immediately after birth, he was proclaimed heir to the empire and received the title of Roman king.


"The king of Rome is sleeping on his father’s lap in his study in the Tuileries." Colorized lithograph by Karl von Steiben


George Rouget. "King of Rome at the Tuileries." Ajaccio, Musee Fesch

After his father abdicated, the boy was transported to Vienna, where he was forced to speak only German and was called Franz, Duke of Reichstadt.

He grew up a very painful child, but, as was then customary in noble families, from the age of twelve he was enlisted in military service. By 1830, Bonaparte’s son had already managed to “rise” to the rank of major, by this time he had four orders: the Grand Cross of the Royal Hungarian Order of St. Stephen, the large cross of the Italian Order of the Iron Crown, the Order of the Legion of Honor and the Order of St. George of Constantine (Duchy of Parma) .


Thomas Lawrence. "Napoleon II in childhood"

For some time he was even considered as a candidate for the “post” of the King of Belgium, but this proposal caused a sharp rejection in Paris, London and Vienna.


Napoleon François Joseph Charles Bonaparte Lithographie Kunike, 1825

He died in Schönbrunn on July 22, 1832 at the age of 21, presumably from scarlet fever. In Bonapartist circles, rumors immediately began about possible poisoning: this unfortunate young man was too uncomfortable for everyone, who, during his lifetime, "was guarded as carefully as they guard a desperate criminal."

There was also a legend that Napoleon, who had fled from St. Helena (supposedly managed to be replaced by a double), when he learned of his son’s poor health, tried to enter Schönbrunn on the night of September 4, 1823, but was shot dead by a sentry. Someone really tried to climb over the fence, he didn’t have any documents, his body was buried in an anonymous grave in the castle.

Napoleon III later sought to transfer the ashes of this young man to Paris, wanting to bury him in the House of Invalids, but the emperor Franz Joseph rejected him, saying that the son of the Austrian princess lies where he should be: between the tombs of his mother and grandfather.

However, Hitler, after the surrender of France, wanted to like his new subjects so much that he ordered the remains of Napoleon II to be returned to Paris, leaving only his heart in Vienna.


Stove on the grave of Napoleon II, Paris, House of Disabled

It is curious that Marshal Peten, whom Hitler personally invited to the ceremony of the reburial (held December 15, 1940), refused to come, suspecting that the Fuhrer wanted to lure him out of Vichy in order to arrest him. It was said that the offended and wounded Hitler shouted in anger then: “This is insulting - so do not trust me when I have such good intentions!”

Well, what can you do, Adolf? You had such a reputation.

"A little prince"



Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux. Napoleon Eugene, Prince of the Empire, with a dog. Orsay Museum, Paris

After the death of Napoleon III (January 9, 1873), his son Napoleon IV Eugene Louis Jean Bonaparte, the granddaughter of the first of Bonaparte, became the heir to the vacant imperial throne of France. The mother of this prince was Maria Eugenia Ignacia de Montijo de Teba - a beauty of "complex origin", whose family was Spaniards, French and Scots, but her contemporaries called her Spanish.


F.K. Wintergalter. Napoleon IV in childhood with his mother, Empress Eugenia

Our hero’s grandmother was credited with an affair with Prosper Merime, and some even considered the future Empress Eugene the daughter of this writer.

It is interesting that by the standards of that time, the beauty of Eugenia Montijo could not be called a reference: more magnificent forms were appreciated. But it was she who, becoming the Empress, set a new trend: since then, much more attention has been paid to the slimness of the female figure. In addition, she introduced fashion for relaxing on the coasts and ice skating.

Many associate the appearance of modern Paris with the activities of the prefect of the city - Baron Osman and Napoleon III, but there is evidence that the empress was a real ally and even co-author of Osman - the emperor limited himself to putting his signature on the documents.

Marriage to the newly made emperor Maria Eugenia entered on January 30, 1853. The only child of this couple was born on March 16, 1856, before that Napoleon I’s younger brother Jerome (Girolamo) was considered the official heir to the throne, who in Westphalia (whom he had been a monarch for some time) was called the “merry king” and was called "King Yeryomoy."


Pierre-Louis Pierson. Jerome bonaparte

Pope Pius IX became (in absentia) the godfather of the new heir, and J. Strauss wrote the quadrille Prince Imperial on this occasion.

Napoleon IV 1855


Sterling silver medallion depicting Napoleon Louis Eugene Prince Imperial, born March 16, 1856

The boy, who was often called Lulu at court, received a good education, showed a special inclination for mathematics, in addition to the French language, he knew English and Latin well.


Eugene Louis Napoleon at the age of 8, 1864

It seemed that nothing could prevent the new Napoleon in the future to become emperor.


The Four Napoleons. Empire II era poster

After the Crimean War, France claimed to be the leading power in Europe, and Paris was the capital of world fashion and a center of attraction for wealthy lovers of a “beautiful life” of all nationalities.


Jean-Leon Jerome. Reception of Siam Ambassadors at Fontainebleau

However, Napoleon III allowed France to be drawn into a conflict with Prussia, the cause of which was the dynastic crisis in Spain and the desire to prevent the election of Leopold Hohenzollern as king of this country. The matter was complicated by the warlike mood of the emperor’s inner circle, who, not realizing that the balance of power in Europe had irreversibly changed not in France’s favor, stubbornly wished to organize a new victorious war. The phrase of Minister of War Leboeuf: “We are ready, we are completely ready, everything is in order in the army, right up to the last button on the leggings of the last soldier” went down in history as an example of egregious arrogance and incompetence.


Edmond Leboeuf, 1809-1888, Marschall of France and minister of war, illustrated war history, German

The story about this war is beyond the scope of this article, let’s just say that the 14-year-old “prince of the empire” went to the front with his father and on August 2 even fired a symbolic shot from a gun in the direction of the Prussian positions near Saarbrücken.


Eugene Louis Napoleon at the age of 14, 1870

But everything ended, as you know, with the catastrophic defeat of France, the surrender of troops at Sedan (September 1, 1870) and Metz (October 29), the capture of the emperor, the revolution and the siege of Paris.

As a result, the Second Empire ceased to exist, and the failed heir was forced through Belgium to go to Britain, where he settled in Camden House (now this area is already within London).

In January 1873 Napoleon III, expelled from France, died, after which the Bonapartists of this country began to consider his son to be the legitimate candidate for the throne. Upon reaching 18 years, he was officially declared the head of the Bonaparte's house. In addition to the Bonapartists, representatives of the Legitimist party, who nominated Count Heinrich de Chambord, the grandson of Charles X, wanted to see his candidate on the French throne, but the latter lost all chances, abandoning the “revolutionary” three-color banner in 1873. After his death, the opinions of the Legitimists were divided: the majority wanted to see Louis Philippe Albert of Orleans on the throne, the Count of Paris - the grandson of Louis Philippe I. Others fantasized about the accession to the throne of the Spanish prince Juan Monteson (who also claimed the Spanish throne).

But it was precisely the chances of the “Prince Lulu” that were rated the highest in Europe: they even negotiated his marriage with Princess Beatrice, Queen Victoria's youngest daughter.


Eugene Louis Napoleon, 1878

In the meantime, the prince graduated from a military college in Woolwich (1878) and enlisted in the British army as an artillery officer. \

The point, of course, was not in obtaining a livelihood: from a candidate for the French throne and a descendant of the great Bonaparte, they expected some military feat. This would contribute to the growth of his popularity at home and facilitate the path to election to the throne. Therefore, Napoleon Eugene Louis Bonaparte went to the very first war, which turned out to be the Anglo-Zulu war (started in 1879). Nobody expected any feats from the “wild natives”, besides, the British commander-in-chief Lord Chelmsford received a strict order from this prince and not to let him near the front line, but he was sure to present some military award before he returned to Europe.

The Zulus, however, were not so simple: in the first major battle near the Isandlwan hill, they defeated Colonel Dernford's detachment on January 22, destroying about 1300 Englishmen (although they themselves lost about 3 thousand). Then they defeated the British twice in March (12th and 28th), but on the 29th they were defeated at Kambula, on April 2 at Gingindlovu, and after that they only suffered defeats.

The war was already ending, a little more than a month before the fall of the “capital” of the Zulus - the royal kraal (type of settlement) of Ulundi.


Royal Zulu Kraal

In general, it was time for the prince to at least symbolically participate in the hostilities. And therefore, he was allowed to "walk" with a detachment of scouts lieutenant Carey (8 people) through the territory on which Zulu warriors had never met before and therefore was considered militarily safe.

On June 1, 1879, this detachment entered the borders of Zululand and, not finding anything interesting, settled down on a halt near an abandoned kraal on the banks of the Itotosi River. This kraal could look something like this:


The British were so careless that they did not even put up military guard. And they were attacked by the suddenly appearing Zulus, of whom there were about 40 people. The attackers were armed with traditional spears, which the Zulu called “ilkva”, and the Europeans - Assegay (that’s why the Zulu warriors were often called “spearmen”): longer spears were used to throw at the enemy, short ones were used for hand-to-hand fighting.


Zulu Ilkvas (Assegai)

Having jumped on their horses, the British tried to break through, but the prince was not lucky: his horse jumped before he managed to get into the saddle, and he had to hang on it like a circus, clinging to a truncated holster. But it was still not a circus, and the leather belt was torn, unable to bear the weight of his body. He managed to shoot a pistol he had only once, and then the running Zulus threw spears at him: later, 18 wounds were counted on his body, and a wound in his right eye was fatal.


Paul Jamin. The death of Napoleon Eugene Bonaparte, June 1, 1879

The corpse was so disfigured that the prince's mother, Eugene Montijo, identified her son only by the old scar on her hip.

Together with the prince, two British soldiers were killed in this unexpected skirmish. Lieutenant Carey and the four remaining soldiers with him could not help or (given the balance of power) did not want to.

The death of the head of the Bonaparte house made a great impression in Europe. His body was delivered to England, Queen Victoria, her son Edward, Prince of Wales, all representatives of the Bonaparte imperial house and several thousand Bonapartists, for whom the death of the prince actually meant the collapse of all hopes and expectations, attended the funeral.

In memory of the "little prince" was dedicated to one of his poems Oscar Wilde, who for some reason decided that the "heir to the imperial family" was not killed by a spear, but "fell from a bullet of a dark enemy." Hint of Zulus skin color?

Eugene Montijo survived her son for almost 50 years. Forgotten by everyone, she died in 1920. In 1881, she founded St. Michael's Abbey in Farnborough, Hampshire, where her husband and son were reburied in one of the crypts, and then she herself.


St. Michael's Abbey, Farnborough, England


Sarcophagus of Napoleon, Prince Imperia

Now the heirs of the imperial house of Bonaparte are the descendants of the younger brother of Napoleon I - Jerome. However, they have not claimed power in France for a long time.
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  1. 8Schlaf
    8Schlaf 13 July 2020 06: 29 New
    11
    You just don’t really think about some issues. And when a topic appears that I knew nothing about, you are completely immersed in the article. Thanks to the author for interesting material !!
    1. Finches
      Finches 13 July 2020 06: 53 New
      -9
      I will support the bot on duty - an interesting article!
      And if not seriously - then every self-respecting hospital has its own descendant of Napoleon or, even, his reincarnation! laughing
  2. polpot
    polpot 13 July 2020 07: 00 New
    11
    Thank you, great article.
    1. Krasnoyarsk
      Krasnoyarsk 13 July 2020 08: 23 New
      -4
      Quote: polpot
      Thank you, great article.

      No doubt, the article is good. But what did she give to your mind?
      1. Ales
        Ales 13 July 2020 08: 26 New
        +8
        I was interested to read what I did not know.
        The press prints a lot of information that is interesting to read. I personally do not think this is bad
        1. Krasnoyarsk
          Krasnoyarsk 13 July 2020 08: 38 New
          -4
          Quote: Ales
          I was interested to read what I did not know

          I didn’t know either. But I was not interested, although I read the article carefully.
          I believe that I wasted my time in getting acquainted with information that I did not need. Tomorrow, as unnecessary, I will forget what I read about.
          Why then read? To forget? This is informational garbage.
          1. Undecim
            Undecim 13 July 2020 10: 11 New
            13
            This is informational garbage.
            Does spleen torment you in the morning? Today, at least 95% of site information can be attributed to informational garbage.
            And you, like Sherlock Holmes, keep in your memory only the information you need exclusively?
            1. Krasnoyarsk
              Krasnoyarsk 13 July 2020 12: 39 New
              -1
              Quote: Undecim
              Does spleen torment in the morning?

              Not. Hello and cheerful.
              Quote: Undecim

              And you, like Sherlock Holmes, keep in your memory only the information you need exclusively?

              Are you a supporter of "bread and circuses"?
              There is nothing more to do, how to understand the intricacies of the genealogical tree of Napoleon?
              1. Undecim
                Undecim 13 July 2020 12: 49 New
                10
                I am a supporter of full-fledged high-quality competition between the authors of the site, so that in the morning my eyes run up from the abundance of interesting information. What is in reality? Samsonov, Ryabov, Polonsky and others like them. Against the background of "this" I consider it incorrect to reproach Ryzhov.
                1. Krasnoyarsk
                  Krasnoyarsk 13 July 2020 14: 52 New
                  +2
                  Quote: Undecim
                  Polonsky and others like them. Against the background of "this" I consider it incorrect to reproach Ryzhov.

                  Are you out of your mind? In what comment do I reproach the author?
                  On the contrary, I wrote -
                  Quote: Krasnoyarsk
                  No doubt, the article is good.

                  She just did not give my brains any work, nothing to talk about, nothing to think about. It's empty.
  3. Catfish
    Catfish 13 July 2020 08: 05 New
    14
    Thank you Valery for another interesting article!
    But, by golly, I got confused in these Napoleons smile , he himself, the one who was the First, the man was loving and showed all kinds of attention to the female sex. But somehow all his descendants were not very lucky, the Third reigned here and in the Crimean War seemed to annoy us, but, found a scythe on a stone and the Prussian general August von Goeben let the emperor "under the monastery", on this occasion Mendelssohn even wrote a dashing march " Eric ", which some for some reason take for" Horst Wessel ".
    But all right, his son was even less fortunate - they just killed the Zulus. No luck to this family. request
    1. Olgovich
      Olgovich 13 July 2020 09: 53 New
      +2
      Quote: Sea Cat
      But somehow all his descendants were not very lucky

      Constantine hi

      This is precisely the idea that was after reading the article: neither to Napoleon himself, nor to his descendants.
      .
      I’ll only add that France, with them, was not lucky: how many wars, battles, victims ... The result is zilch ...
    2. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 10: 13 New
      10
      But, by golly, I got confused in these Napoleons

      Uncle Kostya, it’s even easier to get lost in Bonaparte. laughing Did you know that the FBI was founded on the initiative of the US Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte - the grandson of Jerome Bonaparte, Napoleon’s brother? wink
      His affairs went especially well after the accession of Napoleon III, in which he consistently served as ambassador to Florence, Naples and London, and in May 1855 he was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs. It was Alexander Walewski who became the chairman at the Paris Congress of 1856, at which the results of the Crimean War were discussed.

      It is interesting whether Colonna-Walewski played some kind of emotional role in unleashing and conducting the Crimean War. It is unlikely that he was a great friend of Russia - given the origin. Moreover, in that war, emotions between rulers exactly what took place. hi As Alexander I hated the Corsican because he poked his nose into parricide, so Napoleon III recalled to Nicholas "congratulations on accession to the throne" ... request
      To the author - Valery, thanks! Thank you so much! drinks
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 13 July 2020 18: 27 New
        +2
        Did you know that the FBI was founded on the initiative of US Attorney General Charles Joseph Bonaparte
        And I thought, on the initiative of Edgar Hoover. recourse That is, he first sold refrigerators, and then founded the FBI. laughing
        1. Pane Kohanku
          Pane Kohanku 14 July 2020 09: 19 New
          +4
          And I thought, on the initiative of Edgar Hoover.

          No, Anton! Hoover simply "promoted" this organization. fellow From a secondary office, he made one of the main law enforcement agencies. yes By the way, Hoover kept pace with the times, and Thompson’s PP, as I understand it, was adopted by the FBI precisely on his initiative. This photo indicates that this happened in 1935.

          That is, he first sold refrigerators, and then founded the FBI.

          Yeah, we have too ... One activist at first made furniture, and then stood at the head of the army and navy ... what
  4. Undecim
    Undecim 13 July 2020 10: 07 New
    +7
    But the only legitimate son of Napoleon I was Eaglet - Napoleon Francois Joseph Charles Bonaparte
    He became an eaglet thirty years after his death in Hugo's poem Napoleon II, which he wrote in 1852.
    After his father abdicated, the boy was transported to Vienna, where he was forced to speak only German and was called Franz, Duke of Reichstadt.
    He really had the title of Duke of Reichstadt, to which he was elevated in 1818 by Franz Joseph I.
  5. Free wind
    Free wind 13 July 2020 10: 35 New
    +3
    And the women of Napoleon were not the same, well, not scary, even very self-pleasing. And the meter itself with a cap.
    1. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 10: 39 New
      +8
      And the meter itself with a cap.

      Not quite. wink Victor Nikolaevich somehow enlightened me. His height was something like 1 m 70 cm, but his environment was really taller. One two-meter Murat was worth it! Here, in the background ... and seemed short! Plus propaganda, etc. request
      1. 3x3zsave
        3x3zsave 13 July 2020 18: 35 New
        +2
        Small people
        "Tearing the template" is not very easy,
        If a person is tall,
        False step - "sneezed into a bag"!
    2. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 13 July 2020 12: 27 New
      +6
      Quote: Free Wind
      And the women of Napoleon were not the same, well, not scary, even very self-pleasing. And the meter itself with a cap.

      Gone to the root
      1. Pane Kohanku
        Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 12: 34 New
        +7
        Gone to the root

        in a cocked hat, Albert! drinks but what caricatures painted on him!
        For example, the transition to the side of Napoleon, Marshal Ney in 1815. Ney - kneeling. laughing

        here is another selection of cartoons of "100 days" and other events:
        https://propagandahistory.ru/2151/100-dney-Napoleona-vo-frantsuzskikh-karikaturakh/
        1. Krasnodar
          Krasnodar 13 July 2020 13: 31 New
          +6
          Ney kisses Bonaparte in Touches - even then Monsieur knew a lot about perversions)).
          1. Pane Kohanku
            Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 14: 03 New
            +5
            Ney kisses Bonaparte in Touches - even then Monsieur knew a lot about perversions

            No, Ney depicts a hippo! laughing "I was bitten by a hippo for tukhes ...." (old song) drinks
            By the way, it seems that on Wikipedia I read that Bonaparte himself designed his cocked hat.
            1. Krasnodar
              Krasnodar 13 July 2020 14: 07 New
              +6
              If according to Freud, he hastened to cover himself with a large cocked hat)).
              1. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 14: 12 New
                +6
                If according to Freud, he hastened to cover himself with a large cocked hat

                I must say that the British in their caricatures, he clearly added a larger complex. Krukshenk (then famous cartoonist), 1800-1805. Look at the size! laughing
                1. Krasnodar
                  Krasnodar 13 July 2020 14: 18 New
                  +6
                  Don't take cover in hell laughing
                  1. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 16: 31 New
                    +8
                    Don't take cover in hell

                    and his last friend was the girl Betsy Balcombe, with whom "Boney", as she called him, willingly fiddled with, and to whom he taught a number of subjects ... recourse

                    Interestingly, the wiki writes that Napoleon fell into a depression in 1818. The year coincided with the departure of the Balcombs and the expulsion of O'Meara. what There was no one to chat with ... request "adyn, savsem adyn" .. sad
                    1. Krasnodar
                      Krasnodar 13 July 2020 16: 52 New
                      +5
                      I would ask him to send a boy ..))
                      1. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 16: 58 New
                        +6
                        I would ask him to send a boy ..))

                        Napoleon Jr? So grandfather Franz, offended, pouted, and did not give! request
                        Napoleon, drooping, wandered away. He moved along the highway, in the middle of carts, he loudly demanded:
                        - Where is my crew? Where are the horses? Where did it all go? Where is my army? Where's the wife? Where did you share your son? ..

                        (VS Pikul, "To Each His Own". Episode before the surrender of Napoleon in 1814).
                      2. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 13 July 2020 17: 04 New
                        +5
                        Same mange na sis jour ...
                      3. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 17: 15 New
                        +5
                        Same mange na sis jour ...

                        - Goeben zee bitte world ...
                        - Bravo, Kitty, you have an innate talent for begging!
                        laughing
                      4. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 13 July 2020 17: 38 New
                        +4
                        That difficult and finished life that grew up in Europe on the basis of estate domination, Gothic lace of feudalism, this did not work out for us, because there were not enough vital materials - it was simply not affordable. We are a poor nation. For a thousand years they lived in a low-rise log building, where the cracks are moss-covered - to the court, is it possible to dream of lancet arches and Gothic towers? repeat
                      5. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 17: 41 New
                        +5
                        For a thousand years they lived in a low-rise log building, where the cracks are moss-covered - to the court, is it possible to dream of lancet arches and Gothic towers?

                        They killed! lol Albert, the end of the day! Baska doesn’t cook, and now I have to digest your syllable ... laughing
                      6. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 13 July 2020 18: 01 New
                        +5
                        Not mine, but Krupsky’s comrade-in-arms, whom Blancoi called a political woman of low social responsibility, Comrade Bronstein fellow A professional revolutionary, a favorite of the Samara bourgeoisie and just a conscientious collector of ice axes!
                      7. Pane Kohanku
                        Pane Kohanku 13 July 2020 18: 04 New
                        +6
                        Not mine, but Krupsky’s comrade-in-arms, whom Blancoi called a political woman of low social responsibility, Comrade Bronstein

                        climber - dreamer of the World Revolution? with your own armored train with a printing house? By the way, his armored train was really gorgeous! laughing Kim Jong Il probably got worse. drinks

                        And here he is on an armored car. I don’t know what kind of brand, probably, something artisanal. request
                        and just a bona fide collector of ice axes!

                        he had one! But what a! Steeper was only the poker of Edward II! fellow
                      8. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 13 July 2020 18: 19 New
                        +3
                        What a miserable history deprived of our nobility! Where are his castles? Where are his tournaments? Crusades, squires, minstrels, pages? Knight's love? There is nothing, even a rolling ball. Except that the Mstislavsky and Trubetskoy offended by the place went down under the table ... Only this was enough of class and chivalry honor.
                        Our noble bureaucracy reflected on itself the whole historical misery of our nobility. Where are her great powers and names? At the very tops of hers, she did not go beyond third-rate imitations - under the Duke of Albu, under Colbert, Turgot, Metternich, under Bismarck.
                      9. 3x3zsave
                        3x3zsave 13 July 2020 19: 19 New
                        +5
                        Bravo, Albert, (through sobs)! (Blowing my nose, continuing to sob, I remember) ....
                        "Our ancestors ate meat and bananas,
                        The food was cheese and not warmed,
                        A Jew descended from a monkey
                        Who got fire somewhere "(C)
                      10. Krasnodar
                        Krasnodar 13 July 2020 19: 35 New
                        +4
                        They cut her off and said - now you are Abram Gutang! fellow
                  2. Astra wild
                    Astra wild 14 July 2020 14: 10 New
                    +1
                    Colleague Nikolai "Kohanku", why do you think that Trotsky's armored train is cooler than Kim Jong Il's? Remember that in Russia then there was devastation and with all the desire it was impossible to jump over your head, and Kim's armor was designed taking into account ALL scientific achievements and technologies
                  3. Pane Kohanku
                    Pane Kohanku 14 July 2020 14: 13 New
                    +2
                    Remember that in Russia then there was a devastation and with all the desire it was impossible to jump above your head, and Kim’s armored shell was designed taking into account ALL scientific achievements and technologies

                    Vera, Trotsky’s armored train was too multifunctional. There was a printing house, a radio point, and a lot of useful things. At that time - a solid hi-tech. The king did not have this! fellow
              2. Okolotochny
                Okolotochny 13 July 2020 18: 23 New
                +2
                I look at Levushka’s laurels.
              3. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 13 July 2020 18: 28 New
                +3
                Hi Aleksey! hi No, I don’t agree with the ice pick on the kumpole, I am against any revolution - the world, regional and even the Regional on Pervomaisk ... just today I read Trotsky, tomorrow there will be Mao - man and Tiananmen. fellow
              4. Pane Kohanku
                Pane Kohanku 14 July 2020 09: 51 New
                +3
                No, I don’t agree with the ice pick on the kumpole, I am against any revolution - the world, regional and even the Regional on Pervomaisk ... just today I read Trotsky, tomorrow there will be Mao - man and Tiananmen.

                I just wanted to say that a normal hunweibin should have a quote from Mao, and you, Albert, seem to have a collection of Lev Davidovich’s pearls lying around? wink drinks Bravo, bravo! good
              5. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 14 July 2020 10: 27 New
                +2
                The intelligentsia is the most uneducated part of society. “- Mao Zedong

                Source: https://ru.citaty.net/avtory/mao-tszedun/
                Something like this )))
    3. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 13 July 2020 18: 47 New
      +4
      Already burst into tears! crying
      "Pops! Pour in more tea leaves!" laughing
    4. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 13 July 2020 18: 52 New
      +2
      Right now, I’ll also say hello to you from Leiba Ben David Bronstein:
      The poor country of Russia, our poor history, if you look back. The Slavophiles wanted to perpetuate social impersonality, the slavery of a spirit that did not rise above herd, as “meekness” and “humility”, the best flowers of the Slavic soul. The Narodniks wanted to make the economic primitiveness of the country a source of social miracles. Finally, in front of the same socio-political wretchedness, newly-minted subjectivists crawl on their belly when they turn history into the apotheosis of the intelligentsia
    5. 3x3zsave
      3x3zsave 13 July 2020 20: 17 New
      +3
      Starting to rotate the saucer on the table, I want to ask: "Lev Daviditch, did you yourself understand what you wanted to say?"
    6. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 13 July 2020 20: 55 New
      +3
      In order for communal houses to develop, it is necessary that every tenant or every tenant should pay full attention to order, cleanliness, and the interests of the house as a whole. Otherwise, it turns out (and often turns out) lousy, spit holes, and not at all communal houses. We must tirelessly and irreconcilably deal with this kind of sloppiness, uncivilization, sloppiness - fight with word and example, preaching and exactingness, exhortation and holding to account. The one who silently passes aside the facts such as a spit-in staircase or a crap yard, that poor citizen, that worthless builder ”

      Now I really don’t understand how the cities were stormed after his speeches request
    7. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 14 July 2020 09: 54 New
      +2
      Now I really don’t understand how the cities were stormed after his speeches

      it seems that somewhere on the Volga he either wanted to introduce decimation, or introduced after his first defeats from Komuch, his comrades-in-arms with whites and Kappel personally ... what Here it is necessary! request but I could be wrong. I read somewhere ...
    8. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 14 July 2020 10: 21 New
      +1
      I also read something like that, on the other hand, “speaks” as Trotsky “- is still used in the People
    9. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 14 July 2020 10: 42 New
      +2
      "" Speaks "as Trotsky" - is still used in the people

      and who invented the phrase "beauty and pride of the Revolution"? wink during the July crisis of 1917, unbridled Baltic sailors, right on the steps of the Tauride Palace, grabbed Minister of Agriculture Chernov, among other things, one of the Social Revolutionary leaders. angry They wanted to beat the bourgeois already, and even kill. Then Trotsky jumped in time, and pushed such a speech, with such an expression, they say, "what are you doing, beauty and pride of the Revolution!"that the obtrusive Chernov was still released! fellow He was able to speak! laughing
    10. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 14 July 2020 12: 02 New
      +2
      He was worse at writing))
      I am only talking about New York, "the fad-prosaic city of capitalist automatism, where the aesthetic theory of cubism triumphs on the streets, and the moral philosophy of the dollar is in the hearts"
      It must be so bent! laughing
    11. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 14 July 2020 12: 24 New
      +2
      It must be so bent!

      Mescal, apparently, that year in Mexico turned out to be zaborny! fellow
    12. Krasnodar
      Krasnodar 14 July 2020 12: 42 New
      +1
      Then the first in pharmacies in Mexico was sold legally, as in Russia before the First World War, by the way laughing
    13. Pane Kohanku
      Pane Kohanku 14 July 2020 13: 48 New
      +2
      Then the first in pharmacies in Mexico was sold legally, as in Russia until the first world

      Yeah, but "sad Pierrot" - Vertinsky plaintively wrote: "During WWI, alcohol disappeared, and it was replaced by ... (prohibited substance). At first it was clean, then they began to sell it, mixed in half with tooth powder ..." Well, such a difficult one, life of bohemia, damn it! request
  6. 3x3zsave
    3x3zsave 13 July 2020 18: 41 New
    +2
    "Somehow everyone suddenly disappeared somewhere,
    I got into some kind of circle
    And there’s no fire, and no smoking,
    And there is no light in the familiar window "(C)
  • Catfish
    Catfish 13 July 2020 14: 24 New
    +6
    Oh, damn it, Albert! laughing laughing laughing wassat
  • Astra wild
    Astra wild 14 July 2020 13: 55 New
    0
    Wind ,, 1) Napoleon was versed in female prelasts, but not in the female mind.
    2) put yourself in the place of the same Walewski: love with a 2-meter male, on which you will get nothing besides physiological pleasures, or Napoleon on whom the future of Poland depends. In my opinion, the conclusion is obvious.
  • Elturisto
    Elturisto 19 July 2020 15: 14 New
    0
    Thank you. Interesting stuff.