Military Review

Russia puts on mobility: Polish analysts about Tosochka

34

Four seemingly plain-looking trucks equipped with containers with launchers were one of the most interesting novelties presented at the military parade in Moscow. TOS-2 "Tosochka" is a completely new embodiment of multi-barrel thermobaric missile systems. Her volley in a few seconds is able to kill absolutely everything living in an area of ​​about 40 square meters. m


Paths of battles and evolution

This is how the product of the analysts of the Polish edition of Defense24 presented at the Victory Parade is described. It tried to track the evolution of Russian military equipment, which resulted in the "Tosochka."

According to the publication, the damaging effect of shells launched from the system is based on the formation of fog from drops in the air, followed by ignition of the mixture, which quickly devours oxygen from the air. This not only leads to a rise in temperature, but also causes a shock wave, after which there is a “murderous vacuum”.

The first product on a tank chassis designed for such an effect was TOS-1, which was baptized in Afghanistan and fought in the Caucasus. During its operation, the TOS-1A was developed, which still serves the Russian army. It has a smaller number of guides (24 instead of 30), but has an increased range (not hundreds of meters, but over 3 km) and accuracy of fire.



Bet on mobility


With the operation of TOS-1A on the Syrian front, the need has ripened for further development of the system. The option presented on Red Square uses a no longer tracked chassis tank T-72A, and is located on the basis of the Urals-63706 from the Tornado-U family, which can accelerate to 100 km / h. According to Defense24, the new platform provides high mobility and the ability to transport air.

Most conflicts occur today in areas with a more or less developed road network, and the advantages of mobility and range of fire outweigh the solid armor provided by the tracked chassis

- believes Defense24.

The authors of the publication, having studied the photographs, believe that the new system has not 24 declared, but 18 guides (3 rows of 6 missiles). However, the main novelty is the presence of a crane, which allows independent loading of ammunition. This makes it possible to abandon TZM.

The fire control system has also been modernized due to automation and the appearance of wind sensors, rangefinder and equipment that measures, in particular, the speed and trajectory of the projectiles. Improving the SLA and its integration with command control systems and GLONASS increased the range of fire (over 6 km with a possible deviation of 10 m).

This allows you to effectively hit targets and avoid direct enemy fire

- considers the publication.

Summing up, Defense24 suggests that the new product testifies to changes in the tactics of using thermobaric systems by the Russian military.

They [systems] have acquired mobility and flexibility both at the tactical and strategic levels, since they can be quickly transferred to the theater of operations

- concludes Defense24, also pointing to a significant drop in the cost of TOC due to the transition to a wheeled chassis, which may open foreign markets in front of it.
Photos used:
https://www.defence24.pl, кадр ТК "Звезда"
34 comments
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  1. Roman 57 rus
    Roman 57 rus 6 July 2020 00: 48
    -2
    The reasoning of the students ...
    1. Bar1
      Bar1 7 July 2020 13: 58
      -6
      SHOCK-a heavy flamethrower little system, nnda, damn it.
      To find this name-maker and hit him on the head.
      1. Gray-haired
        Gray-haired 7 July 2020 19: 32
        +1
        "hit him on the head." You can't !!! wherever it will be!
  2. Roman 57 rus
    Roman 57 rus 6 July 2020 00: 52
    +3
    The range of course is small (6 km). For such a system, the firing range should exceed the firing range of the ATGM.
    1. infantryman2020
      infantryman2020 6 July 2020 06: 26
      -1
      A typical example of rampant raznarochnosti and deunification in modern NE Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.
      The ammunition is effective, but who prevented the development of analogous ammunition for existing or prospective MLRS?
      Concept: initially made sense ("actions in uniform battle formations with tanks and motorized infantry, supporting them with fire, including semi-direct fire"). Now, with a new modification - a duplication of MLRS, which we already have a whole "zoo".
      An example of departmental egoism and lobbying of the RHBZ troops. Logistics of the Ground Forces is crying.
      At the forum, this has been sucked up many times.
      1. maykl8
        maykl8 6 July 2020 06: 48
        +4
        Who prevented the development of analoric ammunition for existing or prospective MLRS?
        К

        There is such ammunition for the "Hurricane" for a long time.
        Concept: initially it made sense ("actions in uniform battle formations with tanks and motorized infantry, supporting them with fire, including semi-direct fire").

        There is no such concept. MLRS are not used along the enemy's front edge due to the huge dispersion. Safe removal of your troops from explosions of MLRS shells 2000m from the "Grad" and 3000m from the "Uragan".
        1. infantryman2020
          infantryman2020 6 July 2020 07: 52
          +5
          Thanks for the information, I am in the know.
          Once again, in other words:
          1) if on a medium-protected caterpillar base (initial appearance), then it was possible to pull some kind of application concept by the ears. In this case, a range of 6 km is sufficient. Although, what interferes with performing the same tasks of a conventional MLRS with similar ammunition, only from the depths of battle formation;
          2) in a new look - on a wheelbase and with the slogans "more, more firing range is needed!" - pure duplication of the existing MLRS fleet.
          At the same time, it is surprising that no one is going to, in the course of modernization, provide armored protection for existing MLRS.
          1. Zaurbek
            Zaurbek 6 July 2020 08: 51
            0
            It seems to me that if you take the number of systems, then flamethrowers are far behind the MLRS. This is a specialized system for low-intensity conflicts. Not massive and competing only with ODAB ammunition for effects.
          2. Katanikotael
            Katanikotael 6 July 2020 18: 50
            0
            MLRS can not take on the function of a flamethrower as it eagerly licks its status OTRK
          3. maykl8
            maykl8 6 July 2020 23: 03
            0
            1) if on a medium-protected caterpillar base (initial appearance), then it was possible to pull some kind of application concept by the ears. In this case, a range of 6 km is sufficient. Although, what interferes with performing the same tasks of a conventional MLRS with similar ammunition, only from the depths of battle formation;
            I wrote - DISPERSION! It is already huge, but it increases with range. The targets of "conventional MLRS" are battalions of the enemy's second echelon, platoon columns 3 km in front of the front line of our troops. Remote mining of the terrain in front of the advancing enemy columns. Destruction of armored vehicles with homing elements. and further into the depth. And TOS-1 will perform the task from a short distance and immediately leave the firing position. With a maximum range of 6 km, the scattering ellipse will be extended parallel to the front edge, which reduces scattering towards your troops.
            2) in a new look - on a wheelbase and with the slogans "more, more firing range is needed!" - pure duplication of the existing MLRS fleet.
            At the same time, it is surprising that no one is going to, in the course of modernization, provide armored protection for existing MLRS.
            Removal of areas of MLRS firing positions from the forward edge of 8-10 km. The principle of the volley and "faded". At this range and with this principle, mobility is more important than booking. Although I observed in February 1995. in Grozny, like two BM-21s, from a distance of 1,5 km, under the cover of tanks and shilok, they destroyed a cardboard factory near the tram fleet into rubbish.
        2. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 6 July 2020 19: 03
          0
          Quote: maykl8
          There is no such concept. MLRS are not used on the front edge of the enemy due to the huge dispersion.

          So CBT is not a MLRS, but a self-propelled flamethrower for working at the forefront. Replacement TO-55. smile
          To the artillerymen, he didn’t sideways - this is the RKhBZ.
      2. KCA
        KCA 6 July 2020 07: 40
        +1
        CBT is, officially, a weapon of the Russian Chechen Republic of Bashkir Military Chemical Plant, the use of flamethrower systems by troops is prohibited by the Geneva Convention, the USSR has signed it, CBT are used to mine and disinfect the territory, well, from all kinds of cockroaches
        1. Lopatov
          Lopatov 6 July 2020 12: 59
          +2
          Quote: KCA
          use of flamethrower systems by troops is prohibited by the Geneva Convention

          ?????
          It is forbidden to use only in settlements.
          Thermobaric ammunition is not incendiary
        2. 1976AG
          1976AG 6 July 2020 17: 29
          0
          Quote: KCA
          CBT is, officially, a weapon of the Russian Chechen Republic of Bashkir Military Chemical Plant, the use of flamethrower systems by troops is prohibited by the Geneva Convention, the USSR has signed it, CBT are used to mine and disinfect the territory, well, from all kinds of cockroaches

          Nevertheless, thermobaric ammunition is in artillery and in aviation. And to say that aviation is engaged in the disinfection of the territory somehow ... too implausible.
      3. venik
        venik 7 July 2020 21: 44
        0
        Quote: infantryman2020
        The ammunition is effective, but who prevented the development of analogous ammunition for existing or prospective MLRS?

        =========
        А none и did not interfere!!! Or you are not aware that thermobaric shells (9M55S and 9M51, respectively) have been developed and have been in service for a long time for both the "Smerch" and the "Hurricane" !!! Or do you not know?

        Here the "trick" is in the double: with the same caliber (220 mm) as that of the "Uragaea" - the shells "Buratino" and "Solntsepek" (MO.1.01.04 and MO.1.01.04M) are much lighter and shorter ( due to the smaller dimensions and weight of the engine), which allows them to be used with lighter chassis ("Tosochka") or to increase the ammunition load ("Buratino" and "Solntsepek");
        The second - a small firing range - allows you to aim faster and more accurately (shooting - in fact, it is not necessary!) And greatly reduces the launch time - to 12-15 s. from the moment of the first shot to the full consumption of ammunition). After that, MLRS quickly removed from position and leaves! Moreover, during this time (given the high accuracy - the range is then small!), The system may fully burn out company stronghold! And for this you do not need a battery - enough "with the head" - one single PU! request
    2. NEXUS
      NEXUS 6 July 2020 07: 20
      0
      Quote: Roman 57 rus
      The range of course is small (6 km). For such a system, the firing range should exceed the firing range of the ATGM.

      For such a system, an acceptable range should be at least 20 km. 6km is almost at the front line.
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 6 July 2020 12: 59
        +2
        Quote: NEXUS
        For such a system, an acceptable range should be at least 20 km

        For this there is artillery and MLRS.

        Here the problem is not in the maximum, but in the minimum range.
    3. KCA
      KCA 6 July 2020 07: 33
      0
      The 6 km range of "Buratinka" at "Solntsepёk" was increased, but somehow they did not announce how much, obviously, the "Tosochka" range was further increased
    4. 1976AG
      1976AG 6 July 2020 07: 36
      0
      Quote: Roman 57 rus
      The range of course is small (6 km). For such a system, the firing range should exceed the firing range of the ATGM.


      6 km is at the "sun", at "Tosochka" more.
      1. garri-lin
        garri-lin 6 July 2020 22: 17
        0
        The range directly depends on the ammunition. So it’s incorrect to talk about Tosochka’s greater range. It will be more correct about the more mobile Tosochka and new, more long-range shells.
  3. tralflot1832
    tralflot1832 6 July 2020 01: 44
    38
    It’s nothing like this. It’s a peaceful system designed to disinfect the area from all nasty things. It’s a type of bacteria, viruses and biological weapons. Why is the temperature so high, for reliability, some bacteria must be boiled for half an hour to die. And they are armed .And there we have mainly doctors serving. The Italians will not let us lie. That we are Americans, no we are white and fluffy. From Russia with love. And do not be sick when you want to sneeze, turn away from Russia so that we have no reason carry out disinfection.
    1. 1976AG
      1976AG 6 July 2020 07: 41
      +3
      For disinfection from bacteria, viruses, fascists, Poles and other evil spirits ... In Chechnya and Syria, was it really used for the purpose of disinfection? Of course not. That is why the question arose about increasing the firing range and mobility. As a result of meeting these requirements, "Tosochka" appeared.
      1. zadorin1974
        zadorin1974 6 July 2020 08: 56
        +4
        Greetings Alexey., Wahhabism and radical Islamism virus is a rather severe case of infection))))) Even after repeated use of medications such as SpNZ, Grad, Akatsiya, VKS in the Caucasus, local foci of the batsyly are still found. wassat
    2. 1976AG
      1976AG 6 July 2020 07: 45
      +1
      It was originally Pinocchio created for these purposes, but its development took into account just the combat use.
    3. Zaurbek
      Zaurbek 6 July 2020 08: 52
      0
      This is one of the appointments.
    4. Oyo Sarkazmi
      Oyo Sarkazmi 6 July 2020 11: 10
      +1
      Quote: tralflot1832
      when you want to sneeze, turn away from Russia,

      This is true when they sneezed on Russia (as well as on their promises), and even frankly pooped. Like in 2008, when they began to kill UN peacekeepers. Well, because they are Russian. Putin made conclusions, and the attempt to put him on the threshold of Russia in 2014 failed miserably - all the stench went to them.
      1. _Ugene_
        _Ugene_ 6 July 2020 22: 23
        0
        Putin made conclusions, and the attempt to put him on the threshold of Russia in 2014 failed miserably - all the stench went to them.
        I wouldn’t be so categorical, partly, of course, the attempt failed - Krymnash and we fenced off them with the help of the LPR DPR, but we still have to sponsor them for billions of dollars annually, i.e. create near the enemy, which we should feed them, but the idea was much grander
        1. Oyo Sarkazmi
          Oyo Sarkazmi 6 July 2020 22: 30
          +1
          Quote: _Ugene_
          but we still have to sponsor them for billions of dollars annually,

          Well, as if the Americans are sponsoring us, not looking at sanctions. They buy sunflower oil, oil, LNG, aluminum, carbon fiber (from which B-787 is made - there are no analogues). At $ 5 billion annually.
          And where should the poor Christian go if everyone has sprouted into each other? They wanted to impose sanctions on Aeroflot, they were promised to close the transit in the Russian sky. They did not chew such muck ...
          In response to the sanctions on SP-2, I would ban American logos, and with the participation of Americans, oil and gas companies. Etozh for how many millions of ships and containers to repaint!
  4. mr.ZinGer
    mr.ZinGer 6 July 2020 08: 39
    0
    "Killing vacuum" is powerful.
    Is this a quote from Polish sources?
  5. Xenofont
    Xenofont 6 July 2020 09: 46
    +2
    The term "murderous vacuum" accurately reflects the contents of the cranium of Polish elites and their servants.
  6. Fan
    Fan 6 July 2020 19: 33
    -2
    Four seemingly nondescript trucks equipped with launcher containers,

    Well, not super weapons of course .. but EVERYTHING will burn out ...
    Slowly moving west .... Do not bring to sin negative
  7. Bodipancher
    Bodipancher 9 July 2020 12: 10
    0
    The ideal weapon in today's tolerant world - no wounded, no unexploded ordnance, no complaints and heartbreaking personnel. So many problems disappear at once. Since napalm, military thought has clearly stepped forward.