Military Review

Camouflage Gilly Costume: From Hunting to War and Back

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Camouflage Gilly Costume: From Hunting to War and Back
Camouflage costumes of Lovata Scouts, beginning of XX century Photo Imperial War Museum / iwm.co.uk


The stereotypical image of a sniper, secretly approaching the firing position and waiting for hours for his goal, is inconceivable without a “gilly” camouflage suit. This item of equipment is of great interest from different points of view - from stories origin and development to the specific application.

Scottish traditions


Many attributes of peaceful life were created for the army and only then went beyond its borders. The Gilly costume is an exception. It is believed that the first gillie suit was created in Scotland at the end of the XIX century. and intended to help hunters.

According to the traditions of that time, hunters were accompanied by huntsman assistants who were supposed to track the game, drive it, etc. These assistants were called "gilly"; such a nickname hinted at "Gile du" - forest spirits from Scottish folklore, dressed in leaves and moss. For a long time, gill huntsmen began to produce various camouflage tools that allowed them to work quietly on the ground.


American soldiers on the fronts of World War I, 1918. In the foreground is a sniper in a gilly cape. Photo Imperial War Museum / iwm.co.uk

Over time, by the end of the XNUMXth century, certain camouflage means were transformed into full-fledged costumes. Usually long cloaks or cloaks of burlap with hoods were used, unevenly cut along the edges and / or with hemmed flaps. Also, the basis for the costume could be a grid on which pieces of fabric, bunches of grass or threads, etc. were fixed.

In general, it was then that the main features of the gilly suite were formed, which have not undergone changes to this day. The costume should hide the hunter's figure as much as possible, blur its silhouette and merge with the surrounding area.

From the hunt for war


In January 1900, specially for participation in the Second Boer War, the Lovat Scouts Regiment was formed, staffed mainly by Yeomen and hunters from Highland. This was the first unit of the sharpshooter snipers in the British Army.


UK and France snipers at the 2012 Boars Head exercises. Fighters use different types of disguises. UK Defense Photo

The soldiers of the regiment were good shooters, and also had extensive experience in ambush hunting - all this could be useful at the front. In addition, they took with them to the war some elements of civilian hunting equipment, including camouflage suits. Thus, the Lovat Scouts became the first well-known army unit to use the gilly in a real conflict.

Although the conditions of South Africa differed significantly from the landscapes of Scotland, camouflage suits were useful to fighters. After minor alterations to local conditions, the gillies could again effectively hide the arrow and merge with the terrain. According to the results of the battles, the Lovata Scouts received the highest marks - and camouflage suits played a significant role in this.

World Wars


During the First World War, the British army began to create its own school of sniping, which, among other things, provided for the creation and modernization of camouflage means. Scout suits were improved and actively used in all formations. Factory production was established, but often snipers had to make costumes on their own - as well as modify them for a specific area.


KSK special forces sniper pair, Germany. Wikimedia Commons Photos

The British experience did not go unnoticed. Snipers of other countries began to make their own options for gilly, first at a makeshift level, and then with the help of sewing organizations. Quickly enough, everyone realized that a sniper in a camouflage suit in a competently prepared position was practically invisible - and at the same time capable of inflicting the most serious damage on the enemy.

The experience of the First World War was actively used in the interwar period and in the next global conflict. Snipers of all countries received or made independently various types of gillies. So, Britain and the Commonwealth countries continued to use sophisticated multi-element capes or cloaks with hanging rags. Red Army snipers received camouflage uniforms - monotonous or camouflage capes and jackets, which were independently supplemented by leaves, bunches of grass, etc.

Development continues


After the end of World War II, sniper work retained its high value, and special equipment remained in service. Camouflage suits continued to evolve - primarily through the use of new materials and configurations. Sacking, canvas and cotton gave way to other fabrics. Dense textiles were replaced with fine mesh. Strips of woven material gave way to imitation grass.


Polish sniper. Wikimedia Commons Photos

Also developed new color schemes for camouflage, adapted to the conditions of various potential theaters of war. Unlike standard army camouflage, sniper equipment should more accurately match the terrain - both the success of the work and the survival of the shooter depend on it.

The emergence of new surveillance tools suitable for use in the dark, presented new requirements for gilly. Materials and / or impregnations for the fabric were required that did not stand out against the background of the terrain even with minimal lighting. Also, there was a problem of thermal insulation so that the sniper did not “glow” due to the generated heat.

Old Gilly costumes were afraid of fire. Numerous flaps and fluffy elements of burlap, dry grass, etc. easily caught fire and threatened the shooter's life. By the end of XX century. both fire-resistant materials and special impregnations appeared. Modern gillies of this kind do not ignite and do not support combustion.


Israeli arrows. You can clearly see how their camouflage is adapted to the terrain. Photo AOI

Gilly "classic" look with time appeared in our country. For their characteristic appearance, they were nicknamed "Hobbies" and "Kikimors." The authors of these nicknames did not know Scottish folklore, but built associations in the same way as hunters of the late XIX century.

In battle, in hunting and in sports


Currently, camouflage suits of a characteristic look continue to be widely used in various fields. Gilly still remain an attribute of the Scottish rangers and retain their place in the armies and power structures of all developed and developing countries. The costumes are well established and are unlikely to be abandoned in the foreseeable future.

The use of gilly in the armies has become a real advertisement. Thanks to army snipers, such equipment was of interest to a wide range of hunters in different countries. As a result, quite a long time ago the gilly suite ceased to be an exclusively Scottish hunting tool.

Numerous movie militants about snipers and other cool guys from special forces contributed to the popularity of gilly outside the armies. In this case, it turned out to be useful not so much a masking action as an unusual spectacular appearance, which differs sharply from standard army uniforms.


Russian snipers from the 4th Guards tank Kantemirovskaya VV division, 2012. Photo by Vitalykuzmin.net

The emergence and development of military sports games led to additional demand for army equipment in general and for camouflage suits in particular. So, there are snipers in airsoft and hardball. They also have to disguise themselves, at least for entourage or to imitate fighters of specific units.

Centuries-old traditions


The first camouflage costumes, which are the ancestors of modern "gilly-suites" and "goblin", appeared at the end of the XIX century. and intended only for peaceful purposes. In the future, such costumes fell into the army - and do not leave it for more than a century, but at the same time they are spreading in other close areas.

Over the past century, a characteristic furry costume has become widespread and actively developed. Apparently, in the foreseeable future he will retain his place and will not go anywhere. This means that the enemy and game will still have to be careful, because any pile of foliage, grass or moss may turn out to be a sniper ready to fire.
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  1. Asad
    Asad 6 July 2020 18: 10 New
    +7
    When drafted into the army in the military enlistment office he asked for snipers! I thought there were special units. Sent to the air defense where I made 12 shots for the service!
    1. Clear
      Clear 6 July 2020 18: 57 New
      16
      In battle, in hunting and in sports

      Well, guys I don’t know how in battle or sport, but on the hunt, with all these bells and whistles (reinforced bullets ..., night sights ..., thermal imagers ...) they did not leave any chance for the poor animals. Honestly, not hunting, but some kind of extermination.
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 7 July 2020 00: 01 New
        +3
        Quote: Clear
        not hunting, but some kind of extermination

        More likely planned slaughter of cattle. The buyer paid for a certain number of goals and got the right to score and take them out. And the fact that the slaughter is not with a knife or electric shock, but with a firearm, this is already so, specifics.
        1. Clear
          Clear 7 July 2020 21: 39 New
          0
          Quote: Nagan
          Quote: Clear
          not hunting, but some kind of extermination

          More likely planned slaughter of cattle. The buyer paid for a certain number of goals and got the right to score and take them out. And the fact that the slaughter is not with a knife or electric shock, but with a firearm, this is already so, specifics.

          Then why these bravura photos, with courageous poses, with almost bare hands strangled beast? So would take a picture with a cutting knife and an apron.
      2. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 7 July 2020 00: 14 New
        11
        recourse
        All these "hunting bells and whistles" including custom rifles, optics, thermal imagers and sniper suits are elements of status. Show off.
        Ordinary hunter-fishermen wear ordinary suits such as "Dubok" or a military outfit "Birch" including a pea jacket.

        A bear, not a person, sees poorly (you can not pretend to be a bush), but the rumor and smell are excellent. Teaches. It runs fast.
        Game: a duck or a goose is beaten without looking, from scratch. We have their clouds in the sky, do not aim.

        In the taiga, through windbreaks or along the Far Eastern tundra, wading through bushes of a shalomannik, you will leave all the ribbons on the branches.

        I don’t like hunting, but I try to climb around the taiga or tundra in the vicinity when time allows, I try.
        As in the army, the foreman said: "If the rest, then active."
  2. polpot
    polpot 6 July 2020 18: 19 New
    +3
    Thank you, the history of the camouflage costume is an interesting topic.
  3. Tugarin
    Tugarin 6 July 2020 18: 44 New
    10
    Grandfather told me that the scouts sewed the clothes themselves with branches.
  4. KSVK
    KSVK 6 July 2020 20: 59 New
    -4
    Quote: Clear
    In battle, in hunting and in sports

    Well, guys I don’t know how in battle or sport, but on the hunt, with all these bells and whistles (reinforced bullets ..., night sights ..., thermal imagers ...) they did not leave any chance for the poor animals. Honestly, not hunting, but some kind of extermination.

    What do you think, if you are given the best rifle, “reinforced bullet”, a nightlight or a greenhouse of your choice, will you have a chance to get the beast even from the tower? I'm not talking about other, more demanding skills, types of hunting.
    And yes, as statistics show, in private areas where hunting is conducted, the number of animals is greater than in public areas. I could tell you why, but you will still remember the killers, flayer and poachers.
    1. Usher
      Usher 7 July 2020 00: 45 New
      0
      No need to sculpt fairy tales here.
  5. Freedim
    Freedim 6 July 2020 22: 16 New
    +2
    It all started much earlier.
  6. L-39NG
    L-39NG 7 July 2020 00: 00 New
    +3
    Dear, let me express my opinion based on conversations with the guys from Black Watch, who train with us from time to time, and we make them a mess for them. The ghillie suit was not intended for hunting, animals still do not see you as danger until you move. And so, in Scotland, as elsewhere on the globe, theft of livestock was widespread, it would be nice to talk to the guys from the Royal Irish Regiment about this. But I do not advise, they immediately get into a fight, not looking at age and rank. He also had that honor. And so, the farmers figured out that they themselves would deal with thieves. As always and as everywhere else, in the countryside, until the police or the sheriff get an answer, it will be late. In short, they did neighboring patrols and were very successful in these ghillie suits. They just caught cattle thieves. Who caught - worked, whom they crushed for the second time - worked, who the third time, he did not return home. And an interesting point, those whom were caught, were fed even better than their children. But this, if you believe their stories, and they - my grandfather told me.
  7. Razvedka_Boem
    Razvedka_Boem 7 July 2020 15: 05 New
    0
    Mask. The suit is dressed, but the weapon is not painted.
  8. Tank jacket
    Tank jacket 7 July 2020 18: 03 New
    -2
    "Wiperhude" is quite an alternative to "ghillie".
  9. Fibrizio
    Fibrizio 2 September 2020 17: 19 New
    0
    Here is the sight of the left sniper in the photo from the article! The size of a canister of 5 liters. I wonder what can be seen in this? This is clearly a combo of a thermal imager and numbers? Experts, we help !.
    In general, from personal experience of hunting. Such costumes for hunting are worn only by inexperienced fuckers who want to become Rambo. They still often have a saiga or boar of 12 calories. They are afraid of such and cautiously stand away.
    In 99% of cases, this gili is pampering. And it will rain - so in general if you go far, your mother will not be sad.
    In general, this is a purely military thing.