Military Review

Special Purpose Fighter

38

41 year graduate



My father, Tikhmenev Vladimir Evgenievich born in 1923, was one of the few peers who were lucky enough to go through the whole war and stay alive. Like other happy guys and girls, on June 21, 1941, he had a prom at his school after graduation.

Thousands of graduates walked that night through the streets and parks, not only in the capital, across the country. They believed in the future, shared plans, dreamed, and the war began on June 22 ... My father, who was born in Lipetsk, was finishing school in Moscow, and he immediately volunteered at the legendary metropolitan stadium Dynamo.


He had a good command of radio business, and already knew German and Polish, it was at Dynamo that he was engaged in boxing next to the famous champions Nikolai Korolyov and Sergey Shcherbakov. Is it any wonder that after short-term military courses, my father was enrolled in a separate motorized rifle brigade for special purposes (OMSBON), which was formed precisely at Dynamo. By the way, Korolev and Shcherbakov also fought in the OMSBON.

The main personnel of the Brigade were military personnel and employees of the border and internal troops of the NKVD, volunteer athletes, emigrant internationalists who fought in Spain against the Franco regime. It was in this Brigade that the Soviet intelligence officer Nikolai Ivanovich Kuznetsov, a legendary man, fought.

Special Purpose Fighter

A lot has been written about this brigade, including on the pages of the Military Review: “The victorious fathers. Heroes of bygone days ". The special brigade was a real forge of heroes, many internationalist warriors fought in it. In this brigade, father during the war rose to the rank of captain.

Young Vladimir Tikhmenev took part in the legendary parade on November 7, 1941 on Red Square as part of the combined detachment of the Motorized Rifle Brigade, from where the columns were sent almost immediately to the front to defend Moscow.

All four years of the war, my father fought in the special forces, was wounded, but easily. Repeatedly transferred over the front line, participated in sabotage operations of the Brigade together with partisans. Dozens of his comrades fought behind enemy lines, inflicting terrible damage on him. There are few in stories wars of units that would give such an effect in their combat work.

You will not forget, camarade?


As a result of the actions of the legendary OMSBON, together with partisan detachments behind enemy lines, German planes were destroyed, railroad and highway bridges were mined and blown up, military echelons were derailed, several plants in the occupied territory that carried out military orders of the Nazis were put out of order.

On the account of the brigade were not only destroyed military echelons and entire factories, aircraft and Tanks, bridges, but also hundreds of enemy soldiers, officers and generals. Throughout the war, the brigade conducted intensive reconnaissance and counterintelligence, identifying traitors to the motherland, several dozen of whom overtook fair retribution.


Father with the rank of lieutenant, then the senior lieutenant commanded a radio platoon, which participated in providing radio communications of the Brigade with partisan detachments. He ended the war in Berlin as a captain. Under his leadership, including the Spaniards; it was by communicating with them that my father quickly learned Spanish, as he, speaking, smiling, spoken Spanish.

It so happened that his father more than others had to work with the 2nd OMSBON battalion, which since the summer of 1941 had consisted entirely of envoys of the Comintern, emigrant anti-fascists. The backbone of the battalion, part of the 1st regiment of the brigade, was made up of fighters and commanders of inter-brigades who fought in Spain against the rebels of General Franco. The Spaniards in the 2nd battalion were the most - 125.

In his famous book “It Was Near Rivne,” Hero of the Soviet Union Dmitry Medvedev wrote about the Spanish volunteers:

“In Moscow then there were many Spanish comrades who at one time fought for free Spain and then were forced to emigrate. When the war with the Nazis began, the Spaniards began to ask the Soviet government to send them to the front. Many, upon learning that partisan detachments were being formed, insisted that they be included in these detachments. Eighteen Spaniards volunteered to join my squad. At the first meeting, they said that by participating in the war of the Soviet Union against fascist Germany, they thereby help the liberation of all the countries captured by the Nazis. ”

The commander of the Spaniards-internationalists was Captain Peregrine Perez Galares, the commissar - Sefarico Alvarez. One of the three Spanish platoons was commanded by Serna Roque, author of the famous memoirs about the internationalists of the OMSBON. Among 125 Spaniards there were six women.

It is interesting that even the nobles were internationalists, and two Spanish counts appeared at once in the OMSBON. Jose Vieska, the son of the owner of several mines, the count, who became a communist in his youth, participated in the Asturian uprising of 1934. He was sentenced to death, replaced by thirty years in prison, but the republican government gave the Count freedom, and he fought with the Francoists as commissar of the battalion, and then commander of the brigade.


Spanish veterans of the OMSBON. Left - Alexandra, wife of Jose Vieska

Among the Spanish comrades-in-arms of his father was another count - the famous "Catalan" Jose Maria Fina Call. A pediatric surgeon who, according to comrades, recalled more than once a doctor’s bag on one shoulder and a rifle on the other. Father sometimes remembered him, and perhaps it was the “Catalan” who prompted him to decide to take Spanish seriously.

After the war, his father decided to study Spanish at VIIAK, the famous institute of foreign languages ​​of the Red Army, which later turned out to be the base for the Military Institute of the Ministry of Defense. My father even authored the first Spanish translation of military translation textbooks. He, in my opinion, had a good command of the Catalan language.


Fifteen years after the war, my father wrote the book “Cuba - Yes!”, Which has become extremely popular. It told not only and not so much about the revolutionary events in Cuba, about affairs and encouraged Fidel and Che, as a whole about the history of the national liberation movement on the Liberty Island and in Latin America.

For participation in military operations, my father was awarded the Order of the Red Star, the Order of the Patriotic War II degree and military medals, two of which are indispensable. The father received the first medal “For Military Merit” only in 1951, almost ten years after he was introduced to it.

And the second medal is completely special and very rare - to the “Partisan of the Patriotic War” of the II degree. They were awarded only to those who not only “walked” behind enemy lines, but also participated there in specific military operations. It is a pity that my father never told me in which operations in the German rear he took part.


OMSBON Veterans Meeting
Author:
Photos used:
picabu.ru, wikipedia.com, smollbattle.ru, kinozon.tv, from the family archive
38 comments
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  1. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 30 June 2020 10: 11
    39
    Even enviously like when I read your article. What a bright biography your father has had. Honors him and respect. A bow and thanks.
    1. AK1972
      AK1972 30 June 2020 10: 25
      10
      Interestingly, Leader, why did someone slap a minus for you? Compensate.
      1. Lipchanin
        Lipchanin 30 June 2020 10: 52
        11
        Quote: AK1972
        Interestingly, Leader, why did someone slap a minus for you?

        Yes, professional minus signers roam here.
        Minus everything and everyone in a row.
        Especially if the comment is patriotic
        1. The comment was deleted.
          1. The comment was deleted.
      2. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 30 June 2020 11: 30
        +9
        I have personal minus players. I'm not offended by them, but I asked the admins for such, when the sacred - someone else's memory is minus, tell the nicknames that later in a personal "thank" the flawed .. Do not report. Well, God be their judge.
        1. Lipchanin
          Lipchanin 30 June 2020 11: 51
          +5
          Quote: Leader of the Redskins
          I have personal minus signers.

          Soon mine will pop out laughing
          1. Astra wild
            Astra wild 30 June 2020 13: 56
            +6
            Colleague Lipchanin, you are a "rich man": there are personal minos. Not everyone can boast of this.
            To be honest, I periodically put it for: rudeness, for ridicule of my childhood, for outright stupidity, remember: "The October Revolution was staged by the tsarist generals." But you were not minus
          2. major147
            major147 30 June 2020 14: 38
            +6
            Quote: Lipchanin
            Chief of the Redskins (Nazarius) Today, 11: 30 NEW
            +4
            I have personal minus signers.

            Colleagues, you have megalomania tongue I have seven such pieces, and one, apparently from a hangover, is trying under each of my comments to write a personal muck to me crying
            1. Doliva63
              Doliva63 4 July 2020 20: 43
              +1
              Quote: major147
              Quote: Lipchanin
              Chief of the Redskins (Nazarius) Today, 11: 30 NEW
              +4
              I have personal minus signers.

              Colleagues, you have megalomania tongue I have seven such pieces, and one, apparently from a hangover, is trying under each of my comments to write a personal muck to me crying

              Colleague, writing from a butcher - bad manners! Here's a shot - another thing laughing drinks But here it is important not to "go over", otherwise I have already been sent to the eternal ban 3 or 4 times laughing
              1. major147
                major147 4 July 2020 21: 45
                0
                Quote: Doliva63
                I have already been sent 3 or 4 times to the eternal ban

                Here and without a "glass" I have "the last Chinese" for obscenity in commenting on events crying
                1. Doliva63
                  Doliva63 4 July 2020 21: 47
                  +1
                  Quote: major147
                  Quote: Doliva63
                  I have already been sent 3 or 4 times to the eternal ban

                  Here and without a "glass" I have "the last Chinese" for obscenity in commenting on events crying

                  I do not suffer from profanity since the 81st, as soon as I put on my shoulder straps, it’s easier for me laughing drinks
                  1. major147
                    major147 4 July 2020 21: 48
                    0
                    Quote: Doliva63
                    I do not suffer from profanity since the 81st, as soon as I put on my shoulder straps, it’s easier for me

                    Sometimes, in order to betray the narration, "special colors" need to be applied, but now I restrain myself stop
                    1. Doliva63
                      Doliva63 4 July 2020 21: 57
                      +1
                      Quote: major147
                      Quote: Doliva63
                      I do not suffer from profanity since the 81st, as soon as I put on my shoulder straps, it’s easier for me

                      Sometimes, in order to betray the narration, "special colors" need to be applied, but now I restrain myself stop

                      In school, I was given a "test" in some subject for not swearing. Before the test, the teacher raises me up: well, comrade cadet, didn't you start cursing? No way, dragging the palkovnik! The teacher - to the "castle": is it real? He: that's right, dragging the palkovnik, he speaks only Russian, you bastard. That's how I got used to "paint" exclusively in Russian laughing But here some individuals sometimes just pissed off, and I speak Russian so that I was "banned" laughing I try not to swear with anyone else. drinks
                      1. major147
                        major147 4 July 2020 22: 04
                        0
                        Quote: Doliva63
                        I try not to swear with anyone else.

                        Similarly drinks
                      2. Doliva63
                        Doliva63 4 July 2020 22: 09
                        +1
                        Glad to communicate with an adequate person hi
                      3. major147
                        major147 4 July 2020 22: 09
                        0
                        Quote: Doliva63
                        Glad to communicate with an adequate person hi

                        Mutually hi
                  2. awdrgy
                    awdrgy 6 July 2020 00: 22
                    0
                    But how did a castle become a castle, if not secret?)
                  3. Doliva63
                    Doliva63 6 July 2020 20: 13
                    +1
                    Quote: awdrgy
                    But how did a castle become a castle, if not secret?)

                    Entered the army with the rank of senior sergeant - here is the "castle" laughing But not everyone could stand it. In our company, only 2 of these "locks" remain for release. And in one group (for some time in our training platoon there were 2 groups of 30 people each - that is, in fact, 2 platoons in one) from the 3rd year there was a "castle" at all, because .e., enrolled after school. In the 1st year it depended on the rank and experience of the service, and then - only on the person.
                    After the war, my father entered the school. Sergeant - of course, they immediately put the "lock". As he said, before classes he reported to the teacher: Tash captain, the 11th training group of 32 reptiles is ready for classes! The teacher is slightly shocked - why bastards? Because they overestimate the personal contribution to our Victory. But I am fighting this, dragging the captain. The teachers did not understand whether it was a joke or not, but they did not make any comments. laughing That was their first course drinks
                  4. Doliva63
                    Doliva63 6 July 2020 20: 14
                    +1
                    Quote: awdrgy
                    But how did a castle become a castle, if not secret?)

                    Entered the army with the rank of senior sergeant - here is the "castle" laughing But not everyone could stand it. In our company, only 2 of these "locks" remain for release. And in one group (for some time in our training platoon there were 2 groups of 30 people each - that is, in fact, 2 platoons in one) from the 3rd year there was a "castle" at all, because .e., enrolled after school. In the 1st year it depended on the rank and experience of the service, and then - only on the person.
                    After the war, my father entered the school. Sergeant - of course, they immediately put the "lock". As he said, before classes he reported to the teacher: Tash captain, the 11th training group of 32 reptiles is ready for classes! The teacher is slightly shocked - why bastards? Because they overestimate the personal contribution to our Victory. But I am fighting this, dragging the captain. The teachers did not understand whether it was a joke or not, but they did not make any comments. laughing That was their first course drinks
  • Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 30 June 2020 11: 23
    +7
    As my grandfather used to say: "first try on a chain mail for yourself", when in a childish fervor I was chopping with a word, but if I, yes at that time ...

    My paternal grandfather, having graduated from the tenth year on July 26.07.1923, 41, was drafted in August 'XNUMX. Instead of a military school, he asked to join the army.
  • Pete mitchell
    Pete mitchell 30 June 2020 15: 33
    +6
    Here the Leader said everything, let me join.
    Quote: Leader of the Redskins
    A bow and thanks.
  • podymych
    30 June 2020 10: 28
    11
    I would like to - by name of all those who are on the last veteran photo!
    Readers, help the author, if possible ... Please, as an editor, who has released and is releasing
    1. major071
      major071 30 June 2020 11: 44
      +7
      Alexey, help can and should be provided, but specific data must be provided. Earlier on "Voennoye Obozreniye" we also raised funds for the movement of people from Ukraine to Russia, for operations and even for a bicycle. Write to me in a personal, on Friday I will deal with this specifically. Now I can’t, because today I am going by train from Orsk to Moscow, I’ll be home only on Thursday. hi
      1. podymych
        30 June 2020 12: 42
        +3
        Vladimir, Comrade Major! Thank! Yes, the author needs help only in terms of information about the heroes of a beautiful photo. No more, we ourselves will dig in the OMSBON museum, here and there ...
        1. podymych
          30 June 2020 13: 11
          +4
          additions came almost immediately. Children of colleagues tried


    2. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi 30 June 2020 17: 47
      0
      Quote: podymych
      I would like to - by name of all those who are on the last veteran photo!
      Readers, help the author, if possible ... Please, as an editor, who has released and is releasing

      Maybe the author’s father has some memories or photos where Lazarus Papernik is present? For the latter would be very grateful. In Yad Vashem, there is only one photograph of him.
      1. The comment was deleted.
        1. Aaron Zawi
          Aaron Zawi 30 June 2020 18: 48
          0
          Quote: podymych
          Арон Заави https://yandex.ru/images/search?from=tabbar&text=%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B7%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%8C%20%D0%BF%D0%B0%D0%BF%D0%B5%D1%80%D0%BD%D0%B8%D0%BA%20%D1%84%D0%BE%D1%82%D0%BE

          I give just a link so far. I hope you will open there. In principle, it's just Yandex.ru - Lazarus Papernik photo
          The other day we will contact the descendants of veterans, look

          Thank you.
  • kenig1
    kenig1 30 June 2020 11: 13
    +7
    "There are few units in the history of war that would give such an effect in their combat work." This is your opinion, my grandfather (Kingdom of Heaven) has 3 medals "For Courage", since July 27, 1941 he was called up and after the war with Japan in 1946 he was dismissed. Aikashev Ivan Alekseevich 50 Guards. CP 13 Guards cd 3.
    1. Doliva63
      Doliva63 4 July 2020 20: 49
      0
      Quote: kenig1
      "There are few units in the history of war that would give such an effect in their combat work." This is your opinion, my grandfather (Kingdom of Heaven) has 3 medals "For Courage", since July 27, 1941 he was called up and after the war with Japan in 1946 he was dismissed. Aikashev Ivan Alekseevich 50 Guards. CP 13 Guards cd 3.

      Not that case to be measured by grandfathers, do not find? With all due respect to your grandfather hi
  • alone
    alone 30 June 2020 12: 04
    +4
    The real participants in the war do not answer questions about how they fought, about military operations, etc. But to understand how everything was there, it was enough to look into their eyes ... They have sadness and sadness in their eyes ... They do not like to remember these years
    1. Doliva63
      Doliva63 4 July 2020 21: 25
      0
      Quote: lonely
      The real participants in the war do not answer questions about how they fought, about military operations, etc. But to understand how everything was there, it was enough to look into their eyes ... They have sadness and sadness in their eyes ... They do not like to remember these years

      This is true. My father was an amazing storyteller (well, like Irakli Andronikov, if you remember this one), he could turn any trifle of life into a fascinating story. But he said almost nothing about the war - only if he remembered something funny and any unusual that had no direct relation to the war. Only one episode in paints told - about the destruction of a machine-gun crew somewhere in the center of Budapest: two experienced soldiers of the Wehrmacht (in the soldier's book - they fought since the 36th!) And two 18-year-old soldiers of the Red Army from the assault regiment I don't remember which army now ... This machine gun "held" some area of ​​the city so that there was no chance - an ideally chosen position and non-trivial tactics. They shot the first pair of volunteers. My father was in the second. In general, the goldbuchs of the fascists are in the hands of the father. The commander shook his head, like, you probably would be a good scout. From then until his dismissal from the army in 1975, his father served in intelligence. He talked a lot about the capture of the Prague Kremlin in 68, talked about a 2-week business trip to Afghanistan (at the request of the Ministry of Defense, since he was once an expert on Iran). But about that war - he did not like to talk.
  • Astra wild
    Astra wild 30 June 2020 13: 33
    +2
    OMSBON these were the best of the best.
    Author, I would be happy just to chat with your dad.
    “It’s a pity that my father never told exactly what operations in the German rear he took part in” this is the best evidence that he is a hero, and you are not an inventor. It always strains me when someone starts to tell: my dad or grandfather have done so much and twice more. Firstly, he could not have done everything alone, and secondly, how would the son (grandson) know all the details of the battle in 75 years? Then I begin to suspect that the father (grandfather) is a liar or the narrator is a liar
  • Dr. Frankenstucker
    Dr. Frankenstucker 30 June 2020 15: 20
    -1
    Has your father been to Cuba? I do not know Fidel personally?
    1. podymych
      30 June 2020 15: 54
      +6
      Dr. Frankenstucker (Alexander) On behalf of Tatyana, who is currently working in Belarus, I give an answer already with a photo. Her father was familiar with both Fidel and Che.


  • Mikhail3
    Mikhail3 30 June 2020 15: 31
    +2
    Interesting. That is, you could somehow "emerge" from OMSBON into ordinary life? And even write books? Wonderful are your deeds, Lord ... However, Khrushchev's mess is probably to blame. When overvalued specialists were kicked out of their directions along with the directions. Closing entire topics, closing the future ... Longing. Dream of a world that has not come true ...
  • Okolotochny
    Okolotochny 30 June 2020 17: 30
    +2
    The troops of the Special NKVD Group (which included the OMSBON) were organized by two legends - Sudoplatov and Eitingon. Envy for the author takes kind.
  • Knizhnik
    Knizhnik 1 July 2020 08: 20
    0
    There is no "to be continued" at the end of the article. Disorder dear
  • knn121121
    knn121121 1 July 2020 21: 42
    0
    thank you very much for the memory
  • BLADFROST
    BLADFROST 4 July 2020 23: 53
    0
    Well, they got an advertisement - a scam of all jammers!