Military Review

Unique Russian technologies: known and hidden

41

It is strange to hear statements that boil down to the fact that Russia is a gas station. Those who think that way look at the real state of things in such a way that their thesis is somehow justified. However, it is becoming increasingly difficult to achieve this. One can say for a long time that Russia continues to be critically dependent on the sale of oil and gas (and this is actually the case so far), but it is difficult to deny an indisputable fact: in our country a huge number of talented people and useful technologies, which play an increasingly important role in the economy.


What technology can Russia offer or is it already offering?

This is a whole technological spectrum that extends from research in the field of pharmacology to space exploration. Russian launch vehicles launch satellites of production both in Russia and many foreign countries into orbit. The Russian nuclear industry allows you to build and open new nuclear power plants (Belarus, Hungary, Turkey and other countries), create unique medicines, study the effects of cosmic radiation, and work in the field of studying elementary particles. Many of these technologies are truly unique.

But there are technologies that are spoken of as hidden. On the Day channel, an interview was published with Sergey Khaprov, which was devoted to digitalization issues, hidden Russian (Russian) technologies, their impact on the economic component and on social processes. At the same time, such a detail is considered as the inefficiency of officials complicating the process of implementing new technological initiatives and processes.

Photos used:
NITU MISiS
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  1. Bashkirkhan
    Bashkirkhan 29 June 2020 10: 49 New
    -6
    I remember I had a VM-12. There it was written "Videotape recorder" Electronics VM-12 "is the last achievement of the Soviet radio-electronic industry ..." As if they looked into the water: neither the USSR, nor the industry, especially the ELECTRONIC RADIO. And even this primitive video recorder for the late 1980s was copied from Panasonic!
    1. rocket757
      rocket757 29 June 2020 11: 51 New
      12
      There were outstanding developments in the USSR, but .... for various reasons, it was not us, nor anyone else under OUR brand!
      And now they have "reinvented" much, much of what the country could be proud of. It's sad.
      It is even sadder that this continues, although not on such a scale !!!
    2. Kuroneko
      Kuroneko 29 June 2020 13: 14 New
      +7
      Quote: Bashkirkhan
      They looked into the water: neither the USSR, nor industry, especially the ELECTRONIC RADIO. And even this video recorder, primitive for the late 1980s, was copied from Panasonic!

      Well, I recall that only in the USSR was the only serial computer in the world created with ternary (not binary) number system ("Setun" and "Setun-70"). It's a pity that the collapse of the Union did not allow developing this direction further, but such computers had and still have great potential.
      "Perhaps the most beautiful number system is the balanced ternary" - Donald E. Knuth, The Art of Computer Programming, Vol. 2.
      1. Snail N9
        Snail N9 29 June 2020 17: 31 New
        +2
        Clearly "more hidden", yeah. More precisely, almost everything is "hidden". yes
    3. Nikza
      Nikza 29 June 2020 19: 13 New
      +2
      The end of the 80s. Lie next Electronics BM-12 and Panasonic.
      BM-12: Do you have a film?
      Panasonic: Yes.
      WM-12: Give me something to chew?
  2. Junior Warrant Officer
    Junior Warrant Officer 29 June 2020 10: 50 New
    -1
    What a bad diction, to withstand an hour is simply unreal!
    I didn’t look, but immediately a number of questions:
    - What technologies, which have no analogues in the world, are Russian, and not restyling touched the USSR?
    - Does the technology of spinning the meter with the help of the whole country belong to the category of hidden or known unique Russian technologies?
    1. DVR
      DVR 29 June 2020 15: 33 New
      +3
      - What technologies, which have no analogues in the world, are Russian, and not restyling touched the USSR?

      This is not "restyling", but the development of USSR technologies. Why should Russia make all technologies from scratch? Even China, with "inexhaustible" human and financial resources, cannot yet reach our level in aviation and rocket propulsion. Why should we abandon the Union's developments and do everything from scratch? And we lost so much. Fortunately, not everything, and we are successfully developing something.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 5 July 2020 21: 32 New
        +1
        And in the energy sector, by the way, they buy gas turbines for energy from Germany.
  3. Dmitry Donskoy_2
    Dmitry Donskoy_2 29 June 2020 10: 51 New
    +5
    We have all 50s machines at work, all communications, and even earlier, stability. Really hidden technology.
    1. The comment was deleted.
    2. Ingvar 72
      Ingvar 72 29 June 2020 12: 36 New
      +3
      good At the time of the launch of the CHP, VAZ was the most modern CHP in Europe. Now this is obsolete equipment of the 70s.
    3. Vadim237
      Vadim237 5 July 2020 21: 33 New
      +1
      And I have the oldest CNC machine in 2010.
  4. Lebed
    Lebed 29 June 2020 10: 57 New
    +7
    All the same, in Russia in our industries both advanced and conservative but proven technologies are uniquely combined. The latter, however, mainly from the lack of funds for modernization.
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 29 June 2020 11: 08 New
      0
      It is strange to hear statements that boil down to the fact that Russia is a gas station.
      really strange ... and the forest is being driven by trains to China! and in response, everything that is in stores, from electronics, to thermoses and pots, is all Chinese ... so tell the average man that there is "advanced" and "no analogues" for the common people? py.s: I bought a bicycle-china ... a vacuum cleaner "samsung" -china ... a mixer-china ... sneakers-china ... where is ours, not "gasoline"? requestoh yes ... TV "Izumi" - "our", Kaliningrad ... stuffed with "Toshiba" ... AMAZING!
      1. KCA
        KCA 29 June 2020 11: 21 New
        +3
        Grandfather, I won’t tell about the whole country, but personally I don’t have pans, Ketai production, or pots, well, they don’t make aluminum and cast-iron pans in Ketai, you have to buy ours, rarely, though the last cast iron was bought 20 years ago, great-great-grandchildren still use if they will ...
        1. Grandfather
          Grandfather 29 June 2020 12: 11 New
          +1
          Quote: KCA
          Grandfather, I won’t tell about the whole country, but personally I don’t have pans, Ketai production, or pots, well, they don’t make aluminum and cast-iron pans in Ketai, you have to buy ours, rarely, though the last cast iron was bought 20 years ago, great-great-grandchildren still use if they will ...

          KCA, I will not tell you about the whole country and pans either, but yesterday I was in the "nord", stainless steel pots, china, and all household goods and their kitchen, meat grinders, harvesters, and so on ... the Sverdlovsk region if that.
  5. Free wind
    Free wind 29 June 2020 11: 06 New
    +5
    With such diction to argue achievements when a speech therapist could not find.
  6. Junior Warrant Officer
    Junior Warrant Officer 29 June 2020 11: 11 New
    -3
    Unique Russian technologies: known and hidden


    In the economic sphere, the well-known unique technologies of sawing and rolling are universally applied to everyone.

    In politics, unique hidden technologies are used for administering, stuffing, carousels.

    A number of unique technologies are applied in public administration, under the guise of a well-known democratic technology, a hidden feudal management technology is being implemented in the field.
  7. Junior Warrant Officer
    Junior Warrant Officer 29 June 2020 11: 21 New
    +8
    I will give an example of a number of unique Russian technologies:
    - Unique and unparalleled technology in the world for applying asphalt pavement, descending in the spring with snow.
    - Concealment of unauthorized deforestation by annual fires and subsequent floods
    - A unique technology for constantly postponing the implementation (improvement) of something.
    - A unique technology to write off any own mistakes for the machinations of enemies of the state.
    - A unique technology for increasing gas prices in the domestic market, with any indicators of oil prices. Whether it falls, grows, or nothing happens to oil at all - and gasoline always grows.
    Etc. etc.
    1. sevryuk
      sevryuk 29 June 2020 13: 36 New
      -2
      What about polymers?
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 5 July 2020 21: 37 New
        +1
        You pissed off your polymers.
        1. sevryuk
          sevryuk 5 July 2020 23: 21 New
          0
          No, it’s not we who blew our polymers, it’s you who blew yours!
  8. gridasov
    gridasov 29 June 2020 11: 29 New
    0
    Of all the significant discoveries at the present level, there is the discovery of the properties of numbers that allow us to move from computational methods for the analysis of physical processes to their construction in combination with speakers and a complex of transitional aspects and interactions. That is, this is a fundamentally new method of mathematical analysis which allows non-obvious ones, such as quantum and photon processes, to be analyzed as stages of algorithmic transformations, starting from dipole electronic magnetic processes. That is, not to look for elementary particles, but to model their level as an electronic magnetic process. Therefore, the new mat analysis technology allows you to work with super-large and interconnected data. And only after that it is possible to talk about nuclear reactors using fundamentally new operating algorithms, namely with dynamically rotating fuel rods or generally with weakly radioactive materials. Only after this can we talk about understanding the new principles of the new movers. Only after this can we talk about fundamentally new principles for the operation of electric machines on rotating magnetic fluxes and their break-in moments of the secondary circuit. And to fight the same coronovirus not chasing after it in order to destroy, but to create an environment, including in the human body which will be an evolutionism bed with a virus, but always ahead of the curve. Therefore, the question is in the people themselves who are waiting for the moment when they will grab onto a straw to swim out in the complex of all the growing problems with survival. Everyone should understand that the world is developing according to its own laws, and we are only that part of it that adapts to the evolution of more global processes
    1. Avior
      Avior 29 June 2020 11: 40 New
      +3
      . talk about fundamentally new principles of operation of electric machines on rotating magnetic fluxes

      All rotating AC motors operate "on rotating magnetic fluxes"
      1. gridasov
        gridasov 29 June 2020 13: 50 New
        -3
        Only a part of the rotating moment is generated sequentially either by induction coils of the solenoid type with a reciprocating momentum of force, or by permanent magnets with the same effect. Therefore, in order to move from one magnetic flux of one vector, for example, attraction and then repulsion, there is a part of the transient spurious effect. Therefore, the work is aimed at heat generation and the engines heat up under load. There are true progressive motors, for example with a one-piece closed ring stator, or typesetting printed ring elements. However, a rotating magnetic field in the rotor or stator is created, as I already said, by the forces of reciprocal translational. The carousel is pushed all the time. In the case of coil-free induction devices, the rotor or stator rotates as in Searle, but through control in these new inductors
        1. Avior
          Avior 29 June 2020 14: 02 New
          +3
          In the stator, the magnetic flux vector rotates, so we are not talking about the transition
          Torque and rotating magnetic field are not the same thing.
          The drill generator also uses coils.
          A coil-free induction device is the same piece of wire. And the losses in copper there are the same.
          It is worth first to get acquainted with the subject of what you undertake to write
          1. gridasov
            gridasov 29 June 2020 14: 18 New
            -2
            There is such a so-called Milroy engine. So it is very easily transformed through the break-in moments TaK naz of our coils. Moreover, this engine is an element of the Searl motor without solenoid type coils. Do not want to talk, make another tactless attack in my direction
            1. Avior
              Avior 29 June 2020 14: 59 New
              +5
              You need a subject to talk, and your posts jump from one topic to another.
              Losses in Searle or Kosyrev-Millroy motors are incomparably higher than in classic three-phase AC motors with a rotating magnetic field.
              And in another post above you wrote that losses in classic engines are a drawback.
              But in reality, the SDPM efficiency reaches 94 percent, and the efficiency of the engines you specified is on the verge of statistical error, and does not allow them to be used for any practical purposes, these are just funny wonders that have been known for several decades now, from the 40s of the last century.
              So what is the subject of conversation?
    2. DVR
      DVR 29 June 2020 15: 43 New
      +1
      And only after that it is possible to talk about nuclear reactors on fundamentally new operating algorithms, namely with dynamically rotating fuel rods or generally with weakly radioactive materials. Only after this can we talk about understanding the new principles of the new movers. Only after this can we talk about fundamentally new principles for the operation of electric machines on rotating magnetic fluxes and their break-in moments of the secondary circuit.

      And yet this is all applied. Here are the fundamental shifts, here there prospects. Imagine how much power will give over gravity !! Instant movement, levitation, power over time in the end, an absolute weapon and much more.
      1. gridasov
        gridasov 30 June 2020 10: 30 New
        0
        These are primarily theoretical methods! Only then is it applied. real nuclear rocket engines, for example, are presented on such a theoretical basis. After all, one must understand how and at what speeds and in what environment the flow around these radioactive blade vanes can be achieved first by an efficient and, most importantly, economical process of mass rejection, and then new technologies. Here the fundamental theoretical foundations lie in understanding the analysis of large and complex data
      2. Vadim237
        Vadim237 5 July 2020 21: 38 New
        +1
        The power over gravity will give unprecedented opportunities in aerodynamics, interplanetary and interstellar flight.
  9. rocket757
    rocket757 29 June 2020 11: 56 New
    +1
    Okay, before, some developments slowed down, didn’t implement them or simply hid them from everyone ... and now WHAT ???
    The developments, again some, flow away over the hill, but also with their creators !!!
    So you want to ask DOCLE? Only with whom to ask that ??? Capitalism however, especially in a very ugly, even for him, form.
  10. Maks1995
    Maks1995 29 June 2020 13: 11 New
    +6
    Scrolling fast. One blah blah, waving, and not a word about some unique technologies.
    Only complaint is nitak, it is nitak.
    Maybe technology means stagnation?
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 5 July 2020 21: 43 New
      +1
      For example, "Scientists of the Institute of Geology and Mineralogy (IGM) of the Siberian Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences have learned to grow modified diamonds, which in the future can become one of the main elements for creating a photonic" computer of the future, "Director of the Institute Nikolai Pokhilenko told reporters.


      “We have learned to grow diamond crystals with germanium defect centers. This is a very important material for creating a new generation of computers, the so-called photonic computers. The processors that will be used there will work about 10 million times faster than ordinary ones,” the scientist said.


      He noted that specialists in the field of experimental mineralogy of the IGM SB RAS learned to incorporate germanium atoms into a diamond consisting of carbon atoms to create the so-called germanium centers, which make it possible to use diamond as a very promising material for the photon computers elemental base.


      According to N. Pokhilenko, the principle of operation of a photon computer will be identical to a conventional modern computer, only electrons will be replaced by light quanta - photons, which will greatly increase the speed of the device.


      "Modern microprocessors based on gallium arsenide or silicon make it possible to generate, amplify frequencies of the order of the first tens of megahertz, and then do not work. And these can go to terahertz ranges, to petahertz. These are completely different speeds," he said.


      The scientist added that scientists from the Institute of Semiconductor Physics and the Institute of Automation and Electrometry are working on promising technology and architecture of new devices in the Novosibirsk Academgorodok. "I would not call it stagnation.
      1. Vadim237
        Vadim237 5 July 2020 21: 44 New
        +1
        And in addition
        "Researchers from MIPT have experimentally proved that nanophotonic components based on copper can work successfully in photonic devices on a par with components based on gold and silver, copper components may soon become the basis for optoelectronic processors with several thousand cores.


        “We managed to create copper chips whose optical properties are in no way inferior to their gold counterparts,” TASS reports the study leader Dmitry Fedyanin, citing the scientific journal NanoLetters.


        “Moreover, we have achieved this in a production cycle compatible with CMOS technology, which is the basis of all modern integrated circuits, including microprocessors. This is a kind of revolution in nanophotonics, ”Fedyanin emphasized.


        Nanophotonics is a field of research, including the work of replacing components existing in computing devices with more advanced ones by using photons instead of electrons.


        Nanoscale photonic components are created on the basis of the so-called metal-dielectric nanostructures, and it was previously believed that by their fundamental properties only two metals can be used to create effective nanostructures - gold and silver.


        However, in practice, it is very difficult to create components based on gold and silver, because both metals practically do not enter into chemical reactions, which means the process of creating nanostructures is expensive, long, and sometimes completely impossible.


        A revolutionary discovery for photonics and computers of the future was made by researchers from the laboratory of nanooptics and plasmonics at the center of nanoscale optoelectronics of the Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT). They first managed to produce nanophotonic components based on copper, which in their characteristics are not inferior to analogues of gold.


        Based on a generalization of the theory for the so-called plasmon metals, they found in 2012 that copper, as an optical material, can not only compete with gold, but also surpass it.


        Unlike gold, copper can be quite easily structured using liquid or plasma etching and based on it, nanoscale components can be easily integrated into silicon-based photonic or electronic integrated circuits.


        It took researchers more than two years to purchase the necessary equipment, develop a technological process, produce samples, conduct many independent measurements and experimentally confirm this hypothesis.


        It is noteworthy that copper components were produced by scientists as part of the standard process used to produce most modern microcircuits.


        These studies create the foundation for the beginning of the practical use of copper nanophotonic and plasmonic components, which in the near future will be used to create LEDs, nanolasers, highly sensitive sensors and sensors for mobile devices, high-performance optoelectronic processors with up to several tens of thousands of cores, for video cards, personal computers and supercomputers ".
      2. Maks1995
        Maks1995 6 July 2020 09: 07 New
        0
        A friend of the grown stones have been standing on a shelf for about 20 years.
        Naturally, there is always something new, such as "with germanium defect centers." It's about nothing.
        Our modern percent "Elbrus" is Taiwanese, and it costs like 1-2 computers assembled. And they boasted about the prots as long as I can remember. Zelenograd factories are sedimentation tanks of old officials, for a long time they have been ruined, then restructured.


        Father is an optician. There were a lot of similar studies. Every month, articles are already 30 years old. About super-accumulators, super-covers of screens, super-communication, super glass, engines and quantum computers with superconductivity, the visible sense is zero.

        Of the well-known - an academician makes nanotubes, an office behind a hill, Chubais boasts of a stranger as his own.
        1. Vadim237
          Vadim237 6 July 2020 10: 57 New
          +1
          What stones have he grown worth 20 years? Elbrus 8C, like Baikal M1, civil processors for the military make their processors in Russia. I don’t know what is going bankrupt and restructured there, but Ruselectronics continues to work and produce new components, everything that you have already listed in the series, pilot production, quantum computers at the stage of prototypes, something is going on, something is being finalized, something is becoming obsolete, progress is not worth it for 30 years a lot of new things have been created and implemented.
          1. Maks1995
            Maks1995 6 July 2020 11: 08 New
            +1
            Not the stones, not the ones you mention at all ....
            namely, they stand "We have learned to grow crystals ....." true, not diamonds ...

            No one objects that somewhere everything is invented, somewhere everything is ... but in what quantity?
            in front of me is an imported computer, mouse, speaker, monitor, flash drive, etc .....
  11. The comment was deleted.
  12. Nikza
    Nikza 29 June 2020 19: 17 New
    +4
    They just said on TV. The developer of engines for the R-7 rocket died. He lived in the United States since the collapse of the USSR. I can't blame him.
  13. nikvic46
    nikvic46 30 June 2020 08: 18 New
    -2
    If we take the calculation up to 2014, then it is necessary to estimate what has been done with our own minds, hands, and what has been done with the help of “friends.” Thousands of European companies have left us. Not a single country in the modern world works only on its own technologies. all.
    1. Vadim237
      Vadim237 5 July 2020 21: 45 New
      +1
      Thousands - and I was sure that a maximum of 15.
      1. c2020
        c2020 25 August 2020 11: 16 New
        0
        ... it is difficult to deny an indisputable fact: in our country there is a huge number of talented people and useful technologies ...

        Indeed, it is difficult to deny that in our country there is a huge number of "talented" crooks who have mastered "useful" technologies of plundering Russia. As for the most modern defense technologies, they are 99% dependent on the level of education science in the country. With this in the fatherland a complete kirdyk. There is no left in Russia no one scientist - Nobel Prize Laureate. This is the indisputable, concrete fact of Russia's non-competitiveness at the world level. Whoever and what would not crow.