Military Review

June 29 - Day of the partisans and underground fighters

36

Since 2010, in our country June 29 has been considered a memorial day dedicated to the memory of underground and guerrilla fighters who fought during the Great Patriotic War against the Nazi invaders and their accomplices. He began to celebrate in our country thanks to the initiative of the Bryansk Regional Duma, which was approved by the State Duma of the Russian Federation.


The choice of date is related to the directive of the Council of People's Commissars of the USSR and the Central Committee of the All-Union Communist Party of Bolsheviks, which was adopted on June 29, 1941 and ordered Soviet, communist, Komsomol and trade union organizations to create partisan detachments and sabotage groups against the invaders behind enemy lines. There were such words:

In areas occupied by the enemy, create partisan detachments and sabotage groups to fight with the enemy army, create unbearable conditions for the enemy and all his accomplices, pursue them at every step and destroy, disrupt all their activities.

The Nazis did not expect the partisan movement in their rear to be so massive. The underground and partisans did not allow the invaders to feel safe even far from the front line. The people's avengers not only inflicted physical damage on the enemy, but also significantly undermined the morale of the invaders. During the war years, in the territory occupied by German troops, partisans and underground members killed and captured about a million enemy troops and local traitors, not to mention the destroyed and damaged equipment and communications.

During the war years, a total of about a million people fought in the rear of the enemy in more than 6 thousand partisan detachments. It happened that thanks to their efforts in the occupied territories whole partisan territories appeared, where Soviet power was restored.

Hundreds of thousands of partisans received state awards. 249 of them earned the title of Heroes of the Soviet Union, and two partisan commanders - Sidor Artemievich Kovpak and Alexei Fedorovich Fedorov - were awarded this honor twice.

Sidor Kovpak became a legend during his lifetime. Successful operations in the enemy rear of his Putivl partisan detachment, which soon grew into the 1st Ukrainian partisan division, strengthened the faith of local residents in a future victory. They supported the partisans of Kovpak with everything they could, because the people's avengers acted autonomously, far from the front line, crushing the invaders and Bandera. AND weapon, they often seized ammunition and explosives from the enemy. It was not without reason that Sidor Artemyevich jokingly said:

My supplier is Hitler.

Thanks to such true patriots, the Great Patriotic War against the fascist invaders became truly popular.
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  1. Thrifty
    Thrifty 29 June 2020 05: 05 New
    20
    Thanks to the people's avengers who gave their lives, so that the invaders did not have a quiet and peaceful life, even in the deep rear! soldier We remember, we will not forget their heroic battle away from the front with the invaders! soldier soldier
    1. Civil
      Civil 29 June 2020 07: 16 New
      +7
      Real people were not hiding like the present - the body is fat in the cliffs.
      1. Tatyana
        Tatyana 29 June 2020 10: 25 New
        11
        June 29 - Day of the partisans and underground fighters
        It is not in vain that they sing good songs about Soviet partisans - they earned a good memory and military glory respected by the people during the Second World War!

        Noisily severely Bryansk forest.
    2. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 29 June 2020 08: 01 New
      25
      Quote: Thrifty
      Thanks to the people's avengers who gave their lives, so that the invaders did not have a quiet and peaceful life, even in the deep rear! We remember, we will not forget their heroic battle away from the front with the invaders!

      My mother partisaned almost two goaa, first in the Smolensk region and then in Belarus. It was hard for them, after the war, radiculitis was broken so that for several years it could not leave the house. But people fought, freed the country from the invaders. Glory to them.
      1. Ragnar Lodbrok
        Ragnar Lodbrok 29 June 2020 08: 14 New
        18
        Your mother, Glory !!!

        Be proud and remember!
  2. serg.shishkov2015
    serg.shishkov2015 29 June 2020 05: 48 New
    11
    This was our second front! And we remember that!
  3. The leader of the Redskins
    The leader of the Redskins 29 June 2020 06: 09 New
    -4
    On the screen saver is a frame from the “thought of Kovpak”. There are several films, having discovered which on the screen I stop "scrolling" further. The Duma is one of them ...
    A joke about partisans. They say since the war:
    Stalin Zhukova calls:
    - Georgy Konstantinovich! We know that there are Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, and even Moldavian partisan units behind enemy lines. Why not Jewish? ...
    - I understand everything, Comrade Stalin!
    Quickly organize a detachment of Jews. A month later, Zhukov arrives on an airplane with an inspection.
    There is no talk of combat work in the detachment: Jews treat teeth to the local population, alter their overcoats on their coats and make lighters out of cartridges. Zhukov frowns:
    “Who is the squad leader ?!” Surname!
    - I AM! Rabinovich ...
    - So, Rabinovich ... I understand that it is difficult for your nation to switch to another job, so come on, what would it be more familiar to you ... I will pay 10 rubles for every killed Fritz!
    - I got it...
    A month passes. Zhukov flies in again with the inspection. Painting also: teeth, overcoats, coats, lighters ...
    - Rabinovich! To be shot!
    - Wait! Come with me!
    Rabinovich brings Zhukov to the clearing, and there ... With neat stacks, the corpses of the Nazis go to the horizon and Zhukov realizes that if you pay 10 rubles for each, then there’s nothing to build tanks!
    He scratches his head and says:
    - You know, Rabinovich, I probably got excited about the dime ... Let’s get three rubles, or something ....
    - Hello, please! Yes, I myself take five from Kovpak !!! ...
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 29 June 2020 07: 00 New
      +1
      In! Somehow my personal minuser woke up - he ran dashingly over all clients. And do not care for him that I am writing about America, that partisans about heroes ... Everywhere I slammed my little minus. And what will happen when, before the "Marshal" dominates?
    2. Aaron Zawi
      Aaron Zawi 29 June 2020 09: 20 New
      +6
      Quote: Leader of the Redskins
      On the screen saver is a frame from the “thought of Kovpak”. There are several films, having discovered which on the screen I stop "scrolling" further. The Duma is one of them ...
      A joke about partisans. They say since the war:
      Stalin Zhukova calls:
      - Georgy Konstantinovich! We know that there are Russian, Belarusian, Ukrainian, and even Moldavian partisan units behind enemy lines. Why not Jewish? ...
      - I understand everything, Comrade Stalin!
      Quickly organize a detachment of Jews. A month later, Zhukov arrives on an airplane with an inspection.
      There is no talk of combat work in the detachment: Jews treat teeth to the local population, alter their overcoats on their coats and make lighters out of cartridges. Zhukov frowns:
      “Who is the squad leader ?!” Surname!
      - I AM! Rabinovich ...
      - So, Rabinovich ... I understand that it is difficult for your nation to switch to another job, so come on, what would it be more familiar to you ... I will pay 10 rubles for every killed Fritz!
      - I got it...
      A month passes. Zhukov flies in again with the inspection. Painting also: teeth, overcoats, coats, lighters ...
      - Rabinovich! To be shot!
      - Wait! Come with me!
      Rabinovich brings Zhukov to the clearing, and there ... With neat stacks, the corpses of the Nazis go to the horizon and Zhukov realizes that if you pay 10 rubles for each, then there’s nothing to build tanks!
      He scratches his head and says:
      - You know, Rabinovich, I probably got excited about the dime ... Let’s get three rubles, or something ....
      - Hello, please! Yes, I myself take five from Kovpak !!! ...


      1. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 29 June 2020 09: 34 New
        -5
        I hope you are not offended by the nation? You just won’t throw words out of a song. I didn’t invent this joke.
        1. Aaron Zawi
          Aaron Zawi 29 June 2020 11: 07 New
          +6
          Quote: Leader of the Redskins
          I hope you are not offended by the nation? You just won’t throw words out of a song. I didn’t invent this joke.

          A joke is a good thing.

          He comes to the Soviet OVIR Rabinovich and asks to let him go to Israel.
          “Rabinovich, why are you leaving?” The OVIR employee asks.
          -Yes, I don’t remember that. But I understand what is needed.
          -Maybe a problem with work?
          -Well no . I am a good engineer. I am appreciated.
          -Maybe with an apartment?
          - No, I have a nice apartment.
          -Can you buy a car?
          -Thank you, I have a car.
          - So what are you leaving the muzzle of a parfait?
          -But I remembered. I’m leaving because of this. "


    3. Kuzmitsky
      29 June 2020 10: 52 New
      +8
      By the way, a Jewish partisan detachment operated in Belarus, and it was very effective. So it seems that the joke is not the topic.
      1. Kramb
        Kramb 29 June 2020 12: 12 New
        +3
        "They supported the partisans of Kovpak with everything they could, because the people's avengers acted autonomously, far from the front line, crushing the invaders and Bandera"

        fool Did you even read the memoirs of Kovpak and Vereshchagen? Even in the film The Duma of Kovpak there is a “hidden” banter about the defeat of the so-called Bandera ... like this instead of a "merciless" rout Bandera Kovpak’s units caught them and Kovpak himself pushed them to talk ... and how these defeated Bandera they clamped him in the mountains and how then others Bandera they took the Germans out of the mountains in parts through the "ring" of the Germans ... or do you think that without knowing the area the Kovpakites themselves left the encirclement and the "stupid" Germans would have let them go. Between the lines, Kovpak and Rudnev usually peacefully agreed with Bandera about the passage, but just some groupings Bandera were scumbags even by local standards.
      2. The leader of the Redskins
        The leader of the Redskins 29 June 2020 12: 47 New
        0
        I had one opponent. He also wrote when he was "hard to imagine a Caucasian with that name ..."
        I honestly promised him not to tell Gena about Cheburashka and Crocodile - after all, reptiles and toys do not speak, and fantasy and sense of humor are not given to everyone ....
  4. tuts
    tuts 29 June 2020 06: 12 New
    +6
    All the same, pride takes over our grandfathers
    compare
    In the areas occupied by the enemy, create partisan detachments and sabotage groups to combat the enemy army, create unbearable conditions for the enemy and all his accomplices, pursue them at every step and destroy, disrupt all their activities

    и
    If you decide to resist, then you have the right to sabotage and sabotage.

    https://topwar.ru/172595-u-tebja-est-pravo-na-vreditelskuju-dejatelnost-v-latvii-obsuzhdaetsja-pamjatka-na-sluchaj-vojny.html
  5. evgen1221
    evgen1221 29 June 2020 06: 16 New
    -2
    At present, the actual holiday is all of us, to one degree or another, partisan against our state.
  6. Private89
    Private89 29 June 2020 07: 18 New
    +3
    Veterans on a holiday.
    Bourgeois anxiety and anxiety.
  7. GTYCBJYTH2021
    GTYCBJYTH2021 29 June 2020 07: 29 New
    +2
    Uncle Ivan in Belarus partisan ..... In -44 in the Red Army .... severely wounded .... and 10 years of partisan camps for the wrong power ...... in -53 freed himself .... ... In -70 was rebranded ..... the apartment was given ..... benefits ...
  8. parusnik
    parusnik 29 June 2020 07: 37 New
    +8
    People with a clear conscience ..
  9. Ragnar Lodbrok
    Ragnar Lodbrok 29 June 2020 08: 08 New
    12
    Happy Holidays !!!
    1. Ragnar Lodbrok
      Ragnar Lodbrok 29 June 2020 08: 09 New
      14
      Bow to the earth to these people
      1. Ragnar Lodbrok
        Ragnar Lodbrok 29 June 2020 08: 28 New
        13
        How many policemen and minions of the fascists are unfinished, minuses have set everyone ....
        1. novel66
          novel66 29 June 2020 08: 33 New
          +2
          they are probably not brothers, even after the war they were still partisan, apparently eating them ..
  10. Egoza
    Egoza 29 June 2020 08: 32 New
    +7
    Glory and deep bow to the partisans and underground workers of past years and present.
  11. The comment was deleted.
    1. Paranoid50
      Paranoid50 29 June 2020 14: 27 New
      +4
      Quote: Alexey Petryaev
      Hope in this country

      And again it is, "fresh" with a plow. laughing
      Quote: Alexey Petryaev
      Clown Costs

      The costs of online clowns have now become less, because you can buy in bulk, by weight, with a very low quality thereof. yes
  12. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 29 June 2020 09: 22 New
    +2
    If I am mistaken, I ask you to correct it. But in my opinion, Sergeant Egorov, who, together with Cantaria, set up knowing the Reichstag, first partized in Belarus, and then, after his release, he already fought in the ranks of the Red Army
  13. Crimean partisan 1974
    Crimean partisan 1974 29 June 2020 09: 48 New
    +2
    partisans have one main feature ----- the lack of a sense of profit from commanders to fighters. it is a rush of the soul. since both the flying detachments of the hussar Davydov and the peasant self-defense units of Vasilisa Kozhina,
    vivat. vivat. vivat paortizanam
  14. The comment was deleted.
  15. Vladimir Mashkov
    Vladimir Mashkov 29 June 2020 10: 02 New
    +4
    Once worked in the Far East at floating bases. The crews were - the team of the entire Union! I well remember one Belarusian - a cheerful cheerleader, a lover of a joke and a drink. Unfortunately, I forgot my name, but I remember it very well. Former partisan. He told us a lot about partisans, and about false partisans, and traitors, and about punishers, about the war. There was a terrible time when the situation changed instantly, and you could only trust yourself and a few.
  16. Kramb
    Kramb 29 June 2020 11: 01 New
    -3
    What is surprising in the partisan movement is the several large stages of its development:
    1) the organization of the partisan movement before occupation by the local government abandoned by the "wise party power" - either by order or by severe necessity. These partisan detachments turned out to be the most effective, local-specific, independent of external supplies and "wise party leadership" and therefore they had the support of the population and local underground.
    2) the organization of the partisan movement surrounded by broken parts of the Red Army. Upon further merging with local resistance, they quickly delved into the specifics of the partisan movement and became effective as in stage 1). But there were those partisan detachments from the encirclement that did not delve into the local specifics and rolled down to the level of ordinary gangs of marauders and with their ill-conceived actions brought a lot of trouble to the local population. Usually secretly destroyed by the local population in person, or with the help of the Germans and other partisan detachments.
    3) the organization of the partisan movement in the occupation by local residents after the "tasting" of the German government - spontaneous avenger squads. Usually, after several high-profile actions, they either merged into large partisan detachments or died in battles with the Germans and their accomplices.
    4) the organization of the partisan movement in the occupation of the Red Army soldiers who escaped from captivity together with the local population. Quickly delved into the local and became effective.
    5) the organization of the local partisan movement under the leadership of the NKVD in the initial period of the war, by dropping the core of the partisan detachment by parachutes far beyond the front. They were focused on fulfilling the order of higher authorities at any cost, in most cases they did not take into account local specifics, carried out massive ill-conceived actions against the Germans, which led to the mass death of the local population left to their fate. Dependent on external supplies. They quickly lost local support, in small cases merged into large partisan detachments and lost control influence, but in most cases they officially died in battles with "superior forces of the German army and their accomplices", were not officially destroyed by local self-defense forces. , local avengers, other partisan units, or Germans at the tip of the local population.
    6) the organization of the central control of the partisan movement in the middle of the war. When it came to the leadership of the country that the partisan movement was developing successfully without "wise leadership" and that the party nomenclature in FIG was not needed with their slogans, idiotic and criminal orders, and their attitude to the abandoned local population that was disregarding in life - they were frightened. And immediately the largest partisan detachments began to put on the "supply needle", leading party spies were sent to "correctly" control the partisan detachment. Mass removal of senior management families was practiced, but in reality they were practically taken hostage. During this period, the mass registration of one action against the Germans by several partisan detachments and a sharp increase in the "losses" of the Germans in securities began. Pitting guerrilla unit commanders against each other either through selective supply or overt provocations. Also, this stage is characterized by large-scale raids on the occupied territory or by joint operations by partisan detachments. For raids and high-profile operations, the local population paid a terrible price - mass death at the hands of the Germans and their accomplices. Therefore, after partisan raids on the same routes, partisan detachments “knew” the local support and increased resistance of local units of popular avengers, underground and resistance. In the literature of the times of the USSR they were all branded as accomplices of the Germans, gangs, etc.

    After the war, many ordinary partisans and local avengers who honestly fought both guerrilla resistance and then in the Red Army did not receive the well-deserved medal "Partisan of the Patriotic War" ... because "suddenly" in the organization of the central control of the partisan movement they are on the list of partisan resistance didn’t appear (well, there was no NKVD follower in the detachment, or the fighting path of the detachment was attributed to the “right detachments” under the “wise party leadership”, or the local KGB and the military commissariat were “lazy” or forbidden to search for the truth) and many then received the corresponding postscript on unreliability in the questionnaire of their affairs - in the paragraph on living in the occupied territory.

    ... "those who were not involved were awarded, those involved were deprived of the award or punished" - this injustice has not been corrected so far in all CIS countries.

    Remember everything about this terrible war.
    1. CommanderDIVA
      CommanderDIVA 29 June 2020 15: 14 New
      0
      The partisan movement during the Second World War on our territory occupied by the enemy was almost never spontaneous, all the activities of the partisans since 1941 were led from the Central headquarters of the partisan movement, curated by the 4th Directorate of the NKGB of the USSR under the leadership of Pavel Sudoplatov, the spontaneous groups of partisans were usually small in size and subsequently either adjoined large partisan formations or were destroyed by the enemy
  17. Kramb
    Kramb 29 June 2020 15: 49 New
    0
    Quote: CommanderDIVA
    The partisan movement during the Second World War on our territory occupied by the enemy was never practically spontaneous, all the activities of the partisans since 1941 were led from the Central headquarters of the partisan movement, curated by the 4th Directorate of the NKGB of the USSR under the leadership of Pavel Sudoplatov

    We don’t post such stupidity here anymore and carefully read at least: Kovpak Sidor Artyomovich. From Putivl to the Carpathians. and Fedorov A.F. Underground regional committee
  18. Tests
    Tests 29 June 2020 16: 40 New
    0
    Aron Zaavi (Aron), dear, correct me, if I do not translate Kovner’s name from Yiddish into Russian - Abba or Aba write in different places. He partisaned in Lithuania, there, as in Belarus, there were several Jewish partisan detachments. And the boiler was still boiling in Lithuania: partisans from the NKVD and from the encirclement — for the USSR; Jewish units, often from the ghetto who managed to escape, they often simply survive; AK partisans (Lithuania is the land of Greater Poland, and no other way! Russians, Jews - to the land, Lithuanians and Germans are only temporary allies.), partisans of the "Lithuanian Liberation Army" (Lithuania is the home for Lithuanians, and no Jews, Russians Poles!) ...
    And the Lokot Republic, like the word that you cannot erase from a song, must not be forgotten! There were no Martians in it — the Bryansk, Oryol, Kursk regions — the most Russian land. In 1944, RONA fighters fought with partisans in the BSSR, together with SS troops the Warsaw uprising was drowned in blood ... Everyone had a choice, for what to fight except Jews and Gypsies ... Free Estonia somehow forgets that by February 1942 years in the territory of the ESSR, without bothering with the ghetto, without the participation of Nazi Germany soldiers, freedom-loving Estonians destroyed all citizens of the ESSR of Jewish nationality, all from infants to gray-haired old people ...
  19. Kramb
    Kramb 29 June 2020 17: 18 New
    0
    Quote: Tests
    Free Estonia somehow forgets that by February 1942, in the territory of the ESSR, without bothering with the ghetto, without the participation of Nazi Germany, freedom-loving Estonians destroyed all citizens of the ESSR of Jewish nationality, all from infants to gray-haired old people ...

    This was on almost all the western borders of the USSR. For example, the massacre in Lviv began long before June 30, 1941.
    As soon as the Red Army began to retreat, the massacre had already begun, my relative managed to put my relative with the children into the last departing transport man from Lviv, and he left with the Red Army.
    The Lvivites then slaughtered everyone who did not have time to hide: the proteges of the Soviet government, Jews, Russians, Ukrainians, Poles - they hated everyone fiercely. And when the locals got to the basements of the NKVD prisons and saw only shot relatives and not one living there, they generally flew from the coils.
  20. Old26
    Old26 29 June 2020 18: 15 New
    +1
    Quote: Civil
    Real people were not hiding like the present - the body is fat in the cliffs.

    Well, you immediately a fairly large group of people who fought in hot spots - in the same Afghanistan or Chechnya, they were enrolled in the category of "fake".
    Those who went through the war, partisan detachments, the underground - honor and praise and eternal memory. But another generation also does not hide "a fat body in the cliffs." ... so, sorry, but you have a minus for such an attitude from me

    Quote: Andrey VOV
    If I am mistaken, I ask you to correct it. But in my opinion, Sergeant Egorov, who, together with Cantaria, set up knowing the Reichstag, first partized in Belarus, and then, after his release, he already fought in the ranks of the Red Army

    I’ll fix it a bit. Indeed partisan, but only EMNIP in the Smolensk region. In the army, either from November, or from December 1944

    Quote: Kramb
    Quote: CommanderDIVA
    The partisan movement during the Second World War on our territory occupied by the enemy was never practically spontaneous, all the activities of the partisans since 1941 were led from the Central headquarters of the partisan movement, curated by the 4th Directorate of the NKGB of the USSR under the leadership of Pavel Sudoplatov

    We don’t post such stupidity here anymore and carefully read at least: Kovpak Sidor Artyomovich. From Putivl to the Carpathians. and Fedorov A.F. Underground regional committee

    And what is the stupidity? What, the units of Kovpak and Fedorov did not submit to the Central headquarters of the partisan movement? And the people of Sudoplatov are sometimes quite specific partisan detachments.
  21. Kramb
    Kramb 29 June 2020 19: 35 New
    -1
    Quote: Old26
    And what is the stupidity? What, the units of Kovpak and Fedorov did not submit to the Central headquarters of the partisan movement? And the people of Sudoplatov are sometimes quite specific partisan detachments.


    Partisan movement during the Second World War in our territory occupied by the enemy almost never spontaneous, all the activities of the partisans since 1941 were guided by from the central headquarters of the partisan movement

    Stupidity first, all units spontaneously arose, either at the discretion of the remaining local authorities ... who received an “oral order” before the occupation, or during the occupation after the “German order”.
    Stupidity, the second whole activity of the partisans since 1941 was guided by the partisan commanders themselves for a trivial reason - only some units began to get in touch when they were surrounded by radio detachments or those who survived from the NKVD sabotage units also with radios. At first, radio-phobia was developed and partisan detachments more listened to broadcasts and reports.

    It was not in vain that I brought Kovpak and Fedorov, they see it through “party noodles”, the NKVD then in 1941 and early 1942 had nothing to do with the supervision of partisan detachments, they could hardly cope with the control of sabotage detachments. This was much later when it was necessary to control the connections of partisans. The absence of "NKVD curatorship" saved many underground workers and partisans at the beginning of the war.
    I think everyone remembers the “successful curation” of the formation of the local underground by the Minsk NKVD. In 1941, the entire file cabinet with party lists through the fault of the Minsk NKVD fell into the hands of the Gestapo and the entire local underground was routed in one week and only a few survived from it.

    My ancestor, the chairman of the collective farm in the Tambov region, also received an order to form a partisan detachment orally from the local party apparatus. To his happiness, the Germans were driven away from Moscow until the formation of the partisan detachment.
  22. kin
    kin 30 June 2020 17: 21 New
    +1
    My grandfather Peter was a military engineer in Ukraine. In the first months of the war were surrounded. Gone to the partisans. After his release, he continued to fight in the Red Army. He died in 1944. Eternal memory to them.