Military Review

75 years ago, the title of generalissimo was introduced in the USSR

87
75 years ago, the title of generalissimo was introduced in the USSR

Exactly 75 years ago, on June 26, 1945, the rank of generalissimo was introduced in the Soviet Union. In fact, this introduction took place for a specific person. He was a man under whose leadership the country defeated the Nazi invaders, Joseph Stalin. The day after the introduction of the rank of Generalissimo, it was assigned to him.


With this in stories The Soviet Union Joseph Stalin was both the first and only generalissimo. Despite the fact that officially the title did not disappear anywhere from the military charter, none of the military leaders and politicians in the Land of Soviets had the shoulder straps of the Generalissimo.

Formally, the title of generalissimo survived not only its only Soviet possessor, but also the Soviet Union itself. The actual abolition of the title occurred after the collapse of the USSR - in 1993. It simply ceased to exist in the new “military report card”.
Some historians believe that Stalin should have received the shoulder straps of Generalissimo on the day of the Victory Parade on June 24, 1945. However, for several reasons, the decision was somewhat delayed.

If we talk about the history of the rank in Russia, then for the first time the voivode Aleksey Semenovich Shein became the generalissimo in 1696. For his success under the title of Azov, King Peter the First granted him. Then "generalissimo" was more of a title than a military rank in the modern sense of the word.
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  1. Vladimir61
    Vladimir61 26 June 2020 11: 25
    19
    And all in the history of Russia, there are five of them.
    Shein, Menshikov, Ulrich of Braunschweig, Suvorov and Stalin. Four from the practical history of Russia, and Ulrich, so, "on paper".
    1. Far B
      Far B 26 June 2020 11: 42
      25
      For Comrade Stalin, the Generalissimo, it’s not the supporters of the will, but the will of the people!
      1. Malyuta
        Malyuta 26 June 2020 11: 54
        13
        Quote: Dalny V
        For Comrade Stalin, the Generalissimo, it’s not the supporters of the will, but the will of the people!

        Stalin was a great historical figure and this is undeniable.
        1. Far B
          Far B 26 June 2020 12: 07
          17 th
          Oh colleague! We have front July 2! They are being educated, I’m hearing, the title of Rosini Fedorum. And I dreamed of a mine today, guess, who wakes the first in entom rank? Beginner in pu, and graduate in in? No, not an automaton. And not a frog, I told you, you never guess. Another try? Do you bet everything ?!
          1. Tatyana
            Tatyana 26 June 2020 12: 20
            11
            Exactly 75 years ago, on June 26, 1945, the rank of generalissimo was introduced in the Soviet Union. In fact, this introduction took place for a specific person. He was a man under whose leadership the country defeated the Nazi invaders, Joseph Stalin. The day after the introduction of the rank of Generalissimo, it was assigned to him.

            I.V. Stalin of this Ranks of the Generalissimo was exactly historically WENT!

          2. Malyuta
            Malyuta 26 June 2020 12: 20
            +3
            Quote: Dalny V
            They are being educated, I’m hearing, the title of Rosini Fedorum.

            Easy! The new "entry" of Tereshkova and Gduma will be accepted in five thirds and ten quarters, and the next "vote" will be approved.
            Threat. It would be necessary to confirm the title of the honored hockey player of the universe. wassat
            1. Far B
              Far B 26 June 2020 12: 32
              0
              Ten goals for the match. No less. Then Aldebaran certainly will not stand against us.
        2. Varyag_0711
          Varyag_0711 27 June 2020 09: 17
          0
          alute
          Stalin was a great historical figure and this is undeniable.
          Not just a great personality, but the greatest! Such as Stalin in history can be counted on the fingers.
      2. Insurgent
        Insurgent 26 June 2020 12: 01
        0
        Quote: Dalny V
        For Comrade Stalin, the Generalissimo, it’s not the supporters of the will, but the will of the people!

        And not only by the will of the Soviet people, but also those peoples who are now collectively called "global community".

        The merit and contribution of Stalin was appreciated by the whole world.
      3. Ragnar Lodbrok
        Ragnar Lodbrok 26 June 2020 12: 57
        14
        Quote: Dalny V
        For Comrade Stalin

        I join you for Comrade Stalin!
        1. aybolyt678
          aybolyt678 26 June 2020 17: 57
          +3
          Quote: Ragnar Lothbrok
          I join you for Comrade Stalin!

          It’s bitter that it was forgotten in official ceremonies - the Generalissimo, the father who lost his son in the war, the soldier buried near the Kremlin wall ... I join!
  2. alone
    alone 26 June 2020 11: 34
    11
    In the photo from the article, a portrait of a generalissimo with one star of the Hero. request
    Look and the current army generals - orders and medals to the navel .. fellow
    1. Woodman
      Woodman 26 June 2020 11: 43
      +1
      Quote: lonely
      and the photo from the article is a portrait of a generalissimo with one star of the Hero.
      See the current army generals

      Wikipedia gives out a list of 27 awards of Comrade Stalin. And 14 honorary titles. Including such as "Honorary Miner of Donetsk". These are the quirks of history ...
      1. Insurgent
        Insurgent 26 June 2020 11: 57
        +1
        Quote: Lesovik
        "Honorary miner of Donetsk"


        WHAT Donetsk? belay belay belay
        1. Far B
          Far B 26 June 2020 12: 10
          +2
          But a thousand are not on the verge, what happened after Yuzovka, Stalin happened, and Donetsk is a little later. Well wiki gives out.
          1. Woodman
            Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 20
            -5
            Quote: Dalny V
            Donetsk is a little later

            What you are however erudite. And to check how this title in real life does not sound destiny?
        2. Woodman
          Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 17
          -1
          Quote: Insurgent
          WHAT Donetsk?

          I indicated the source) You think you're lying? But it sounds any better than the honorable slayer Yuzovka. hi
          1. Insurgent
            Insurgent 26 June 2020 12: 21
            -1
            Quote: Lesovik
            I indicated the source) You think you're lying?

            I think it does not give the right information ...

            Quote: Lesovik
            But it sounds any better than the honorable slayer Yuzovka.


            And why Yuzovka,but not Stalino ?
            What does Vicki say about the date on which this honorary title is awarded?
            1. Woodman
              Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 22
              +1
              Quote: Insurgent
              What does Vicki say about the date this title was awarded?

              Just the year of renaming from Yuzovka to Stalin.
              1. Insurgent
                Insurgent 26 June 2020 12: 24
                -2
                Quote: Lesovik
                Just the year of renaming from Yuzovka to Stalin.

                You see,Stalino (+/-) appears, and Donetsklike on the side of the bake ...
                1. Woodman
                  Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 27
                  +1
                  Quote: Insurgent
                  and Donetsk, as if on the side of the bake ...

                  However, the title sounds that way. I believe it changes after the name of the settlement. This is just an honorary title, not a reward.
                  1. Insurgent
                    Insurgent 26 June 2020 12: 38
                    +1
                    Quote: Lesovik
                    However, the title sounds that way. I believe it changes after the name of the settlement.

                    With this, it's hard ...
                    In the wake of the "struggle against the cult of personality" about Stalin, any memories were erased (for example, the renaming of Stalingrad, or Stalino).
                    Moreover, films and other works fell under the knife of Khrushchev censorship, where Stalin was mentioned in one way or another.

                    I recently wrote a comment in which I posted the movie "Third Impact" ...
                    But under Khrushchev it was cut and renamed into "South Knot".
                    Quote: Lesovik
                    This is just an honorary title, not a reward.


                    Which, however, no one deprived him yes Unlike the ex-president of Kuchma Outskirts, who was awarded the title of "Honorary Miner", and then by the decision of the same miners, he lost it.

                    For failure to fulfill election promises. One of which was a course towards rapprochement with Russia.

                    And it was, in ninety some year ...
                    1. Woodman
                      Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 43
                      +2
                      Quote: Insurgent
                      Which, however, no one deprived him

                      Well, where did our dialogue begin? There is a title.
                      1. Insurgent
                        Insurgent 26 June 2020 12: 47
                        +1
                        Quote: Lesovik
                        Well, where did our dialogue begin? There is a title.

                        There is yes , I also did not question it. But not "Donetsk" No. , or either "Yuzovka"or"Stalino" ,or even summarized - Donbass
                      2. Woodman
                        Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 57
                        0
                        Quote: Insurgent
                        But not "Donetsk", but either "Yuzovka", or "Stalino", or more generally - Donbass

                        Well, I indicated the source. For the sake of interest, I "polished" the network, it is Donetsk that appears everywhere.
                      3. The comment was deleted.
                      4. Woodman
                        Woodman 26 June 2020 13: 25
                        +1
                        On March 9, 1924, after renaming Yuzovka in honor of the leader, he was simultaneously accepted as honorary slaughterers and honorary deputies of the city council.
                        Well, actually, I said something like that.
                        Quote: Insurgent
                        You do not know how to "wool" qualitatively ...

                        Nuuu ... I was looking for exactly how this title sounds now. And in the light of the text you provided, it sounds exactly like the "honorary miner of Donetsk," and not Donbass, Yuzovka or Stalino. In general, I think the question is settled.
        3. Far B
          Far B 26 June 2020 12: 37
          -2
          OU. Are you serious? The year 1924, when Stalin was, in fact, still not nephew, a lisavik from the future suddenly happened. Papadan, not otherwise.
          1. Woodman
            Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 40
            -5
            Whoa! Well, from afar, of course, it is better known when Comrade Stalin moved from the category of "non-sew" to the category of "sew". And in what year did you deign to approve Comrade Stalin in that category?
            1. Far B
              Far B 26 June 2020 13: 38
              +4
              Well, we sat here, smoked tobacco, then decided that all this was in the past, and went merchant to the beach. Beautiful Sea of ​​Okhotsk. Sand, sea cabbage. Wait, the capelin will go away. And do not care that the water temperature is 7-10 degrees. And do not care that all joints at night twists from dampness. I don’t care that we have 85 loaves of bread (from the previous navigation). I don’t care that last year we even got a company that had to lay down broadband, got lost somewhere in the taiga, and we are sitting on dvdhs for some time. I don’t care that with our minimum wage, 23 are about a thousand, a third of the district works on this very minimum. And a plane ticket - otherwise you’ll get the hell out of it - four and a half thousand (for those who have lived less than a year, 12 tons).
              Come to us ?!
              1. Woodman
                Woodman 26 June 2020 13: 47
                +1
                Quote: Dalny V
                Come to us ?!

                How to pay the mortgage, so right away. Fresh air and untouched nature is what a pensioner needs, right?)
                1. Far B
                  Far B 26 June 2020 14: 52
                  -1
                  So what holds you up?
          2. Sergej1972
            Sergej1972 26 June 2020 14: 45
            0
            In 1924, the five most influential members of the leadership: Stalin, Zinoviev (chairman of the executive committee of the Comintern and head of the Petrograd party organization, plus the chairman of the Leningrad City Council), Kamenev (chairman of the Council of Labor and Defense and simultaneously chairman of the Moscow City Council), Trotsky, Rykov (Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars). Plus Bukharin enjoyed authority as an ideologist, and among the common people the Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR and the All-Russian Central Executive Committee Kalinin, who until the end of the 20s, was popular. rather stood on pro-Bukhara positions. In the newspapers of 1924, more was written about Stalin than about these four figures. Trotsky was already in political isolation within the Politburo. The Chairman of the Council of People's Commissars Rykov did not claim a leading role. By the way, Stalin was recommended by Kamenev for the post of General Secretary.
            1. Far B
              Far B 26 June 2020 14: 55
              0
              Nikhera did not understand what it was, but you drive up too. I’ll provide a jigsaw. Just in case. Then we'll figure it out and let it go.
              1. Sergej1972
                Sergej1972 26 June 2020 14: 57
                +2
                This is in response to your comment that Stalin in 1924 "was not sewn". Then there was still a collective leadership, but Stalin was already number 1 in it. As a student of the press of that time and historical documents, I affirm this. And what does your jigsaw have to do with it?
                1. Far B
                  Far B 26 June 2020 15: 04
                  0
                  Jigsaw is not mine) property of the artel working with long flexible languages. Beasts are worse than a construction battalion.
                  Stalin was not number one. Otherwise, the crises of the 27th and 29th years would not arise. And all the more, the "Kirov" Congress would not be needed.
  • alone
    alone 26 June 2020 12: 02
    +3
    Quote: Lesovik
    Wikipedia gives out a list of 27 awards of Comrade Stalin. And 14 honorary titles. Including such as "Honorary Miner of Donetsk". These are the quirks of history ...

    Speak correctly .. But there is not a single portrait and photograph where he wore these 27 awards.
    1. Woodman
      Woodman 26 June 2020 12: 25
      +1
      Quote: lonely
      But there is not one portrait

      It is what it is. However, the Soviet generals did not disdain to demonstrate their awards. And to equate the ordinary general with the ruler of the country ... Especially with Stalin ... Absolutely different categories.
      1. alone
        alone 26 June 2020 12: 32
        +3
        Quote: Lesovik
        However, the Soviet generals did not disdain to demonstrate their awards.

        Well, at least they fought .. Almost everyone went through the war from start to finish
        Quote: Lesovik
        And to equate the ordinary general with the ruler of the country ... Especially with Stalin ... Absolutely different categories.

        And I do not equal them .. These are the current ones began to exalt themselves, hanging on their chests various anniversary medals .. "300 years of St. Petersburg" for example laughing
      2. Far B
        Far B 26 June 2020 13: 42
        0
        A cho they disdain ?! They deserve their blood. Even the anniversary. And now ... Gazmanova, but then ...
  • Sergej1972
    Sergej1972 26 June 2020 14: 38
    +1
    Maybe Donbass?
  • Malyuta
    Malyuta 26 June 2020 11: 44
    +3
    Quote: lonely
    In the photo from the article, a portrait of a generalissimo with one star of the Hero. request
    Look at the current army generals - orders and medals to the navel .. fellow

    Moreover, Stalin had the title of Hero of Socialist Labor in a skrmny jacket, while in the popular prints it was as if he had conquered the whole of Europe and with "fights" reached Australia on foot.
    Shame
    1. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 26 June 2020 14: 59
      +1
      Somehow dishonestly distort the name of a person.
      1. Malyuta
        Malyuta 27 June 2020 00: 58
        +1
        Quote: Sergej1972
        Somehow dishonestly distort the name of a person.

        And he is not respected for me, I don’t respect him, even if I cut him down! The boy is a major, the son of a party worker, a member of the Komsomol, a member of the CPSU, he never served in the army, but immediately became a foreman, then worse, he destroyed the civil defense, which should prevent emergencies and, like, "created" the Ministry of Emergencies, that is, eliminate the consequences of that he ruined himself, the son of his friend Varabyov is now Mosk. heads the region, daughters in skirts with lompasses, what is it? Ah, well, yes, he plays in the "Armenian" hawkey with stump ..., takes "cardboard Reichstachs", fornicates in the Altai and prays at parades, as if on a procession ...
        My Grandfather would have buried him, right directly, under this "cardboard Reichstag" .... and everyone would have forgotten what his name was ...
        1. Sergej1972
          Sergej1972 27 June 2020 14: 57
          0
          Everything's clear with you. As the saying goes, "culture is just that."
  • Boris55
    Boris55 26 June 2020 11: 44
    0
    Quote: lonely
    Look and the current army generals - orders and medals to the navel ..
    Quote: Malyuta
    but ... it’s like he conquered all of Europe

    Everything is relative. It seems that the US general conquered the whole world. laughing

    1. alone
      alone 26 June 2020 12: 04
      -2
      Quote: Boris55
      US General conquered the whole world

      General ... But not a foreman ...
    2. Far B
      Far B 26 June 2020 12: 11
      -2
      Badges with awards do not confuse?
    3. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 26 June 2020 12: 25
      +1
      Quote: Boris55
      It seems that the US general conquered the whole world.

      Yes, in the states they don't give for battles, more for "service", although in Russia they also give more for "service".

      Shoigu has perhaps fewer awards.
      1. Lt. Air Force stock
        Lt. Air Force stock 26 June 2020 12: 30
        0
        Yes, she does not have a military rank, how much can you write nonsense. These are epaulets of a real state adviser of the first class replacing the military post of Army General. You still write that all the governors are Colonel General, because they have the same cool rank.
        1. Paranoid50
          Paranoid50 26 June 2020 14: 13
          +1
          Quote: Lt. air force reserve
          she does not have a military rank, how much can you write nonsense.

          And they will be so, while they themselves smoke, time after time chasing away the horned hat. yes laughing
        2. Far B
          Far B 26 June 2020 14: 23
          -5
          Yes, no civilian epaulettes, how much can you write nonsense!
          1. Lt. Air Force stock
            Lt. Air Force stock 26 June 2020 14: 30
            +3
            There is, look.
            1. Far B
              Far B 26 June 2020 14: 32
              -3
              Yes, any epaulette is a length of service! Cho you garbage toil? Our doctors are also not military ?!
              1. Gato
                Gato 26 June 2020 18: 17
                0
                Yes, any epaulette is a length of service!

                But not always .. repeat There were also "fifteen-year-old" captains and the most senior lieutenants of the entire Soviet army, as well as twice and three times major
            2. Gato
              Gato 26 June 2020 18: 28
              +1
              These are special (non-military) and departmental titles of state. employees who are not on active duty. But the epaulettes of some MPS can be much more military than military.
              By the way, in the USSR (I know, as in the special services now), KGB personnel officers were in really military service and went through military records, having military ranks, although they could wear uniforms a couple of times. And the police had only special ranks, and some seasoned polkan ugro in the military registration and enlistment office could be considered the captain of the reserve.
  • Far B
    Far B 26 June 2020 11: 47
    +3
    Brezhnev was, without a doubt, a heroic man. But he appropriated the Order of Victory. Craving for glitter has ruined many. How much did Stalin leave behind? "Comrade Stalin is a saint to me," said Rokossovsky. And for me the saint is Rokossovsky himself. That's all.
    1. tihonmarine
      tihonmarine 26 June 2020 12: 26
      +2
      Quote: Dalny V
      "Comrade Stalin is a saint to me," said Rokossovsky. And for me the saint is Rokossovsky himself. That's all.

      For me both are saints.
  • knn54
    knn54 26 June 2020 11: 59
    +3
    Stalin, until his death, wore the form of a Marshal. Because the form of the Generalissimo was not approved.
    After the Order of Victory and Leonid Brezhnev, the USSR Armed Forces "decided" to confer the title of Generalissimo, but did not manage to.
    1. Insurgent
      Insurgent 26 June 2020 12: 58
      +2
      Quote: knn54
      Stalin, until his death, wore the form of a Marshal.

      He wore a uniform, in special, protocol cases.
      Constantly wore I.V. Stalin as a clothing his favorite jacket of the paramilitary cut ...
  • tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 26 June 2020 11: 38
    +1
    The actual abolition of the title occurred after the collapse of the USSR - in 1993. It simply ceased to exist in the new “military report card”.

    Well, who can he be given such a title? If exaggerating to say "can Serdyukov be presented as a generalissimo", or someone else from the new galaxy of generals.
    1. Vladimir61
      Vladimir61 26 June 2020 11: 53
      -1
      Quote: tihonmarine
      Well, to whom can he be given such a title?

      Vlad! But you, too, with the lieutenant-general's "virtual" shoulder straps, so why resent those who receive them from the hands of the "state" for real service!
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 26 June 2020 11: 56
        -1
        Quote: tihonmarine
        Well, to whom can he be given such a title?
        Quote: Vladimir61
        so why be indignant for those who receive them from the hands of the "state" for real service!

        You would read the position on the status of the generalissimo, who and what assigns it. They would remember what there. laughing
        1. Vladimir61
          Vladimir61 26 June 2020 12: 00
          +3
          Quote: Boris55
          You would read the provision on the status of the generalissimo, who and for what assigns it.
          Why read? There is no such title in Russia! And the word "generalissimo" itself, from Latin means "the most important" or "the most important".
        2. tihonmarine
          tihonmarine 26 June 2020 12: 16
          -1
          Quote: Boris55
          You would read the provision on the status of the generalissimo, who and for what assigns it.

          Yes, we all know the status, but Vladimir correctly said that they receive shoulder straps for "real service", rather virtual, and victories will also find virtual ones. If for "real service" then Shevtsova T. has the rank of General of the Army, so she could grow up to the Generalissimo. But under Comrade Stalin I.V. the chief of finance was Lieutenant General Y. Khotenko. So, if necessary, they will find a virtual "battle" as well, as for example L. Brezhnev was assigned a marshal.
      2. not main
        not main 26 June 2020 22: 21
        0
        Quote: Vladimir61
        Vlad! But you, too, with the lieutenant-general's "virtual" shoulder straps,

        Well, actually, three stars is Colonel General.
    2. Far B
      Far B 26 June 2020 12: 18
      -1
      In fact, there’s nothing for us to assign to marshals. That’s why Shoigu only wandered off the army (albeit with almost identical shoulder straps, for which I recently dispatched a bottle of horsemeat, thanks Kuzhurgetych, at least for that). So shta what generalissimo? The one that shamefully covers the mausoleum, or what?)))
  • parusnik
    parusnik 26 June 2020 11: 58
    +2
    The actual abolition of the title occurred after the collapse of the USSR - in 1993. It simply ceased to exist in the new “military report card”.
    ....Not yet evening... laughing
  • Andrey Krasnoyarsky
    Andrey Krasnoyarsky 26 June 2020 11: 59
    +5
    Generalissimo is actually a non-systemic title. It is not included in the ranking of official ranks, it is assigned to the one who a) commands the armies of several states; b) commands the army of a state that is part of the coalition and made a decisive contribution to the victory over the enemy. Suvorov fits under "a", Stalin fits under "b". In all other cases, the generalissimo becomes an operetta title.
    1. Far B
      Far B 26 June 2020 12: 51
      +5
      T.E., in fact, there are two of them: A.V. Suvorov and I.V. Stalin. Of the others, he draws more or less on Menshikov, but does not pull. Shein is even worse, and prince Anton Ulrich turns out to be something like the current Medvedev: it’s inconvenient to carry it, and it’s impossible to abandon it. Aliluya
      1. Andrey Krasnoyarsky
        Andrey Krasnoyarsky 26 June 2020 15: 51
        +3
        Yes, Anton-Ulrich is a purely decorative generalissimo. This title was provided to him by his wife Anna Leopoldovna when she was regent during the reign of the young emperor John Six. However, after the overthrow of the infant king and the arrest of his entire family, Antosha lost a completely undeserved title.
    2. Gato
      Gato 26 June 2020 17: 44
      +1
      Quote: Andrey Krasnoyarsky
      not included in the ranking of official ranks, assigned to those who a) command the armies of several states;

      Here! I thought no one would remember. Formally, Stalin had every right to such a title, because He was officially the Supreme High Command in wartime. Khrushchev, Brezhnev and the commanders of the ATS forces are peacetime, nevertheless, there are still 8 states and 7.5 million l / s - even for the Marshal of the Soviet Union it turns out to be a bit much.
  • Lt. Air Force stock
    Lt. Air Force stock 26 June 2020 12: 36
    +1
    Our ranks of the generals are not entirely clear, for example, Major General and Colonel General, Major and Colonel senior ranks, junior lieutenant. So why is the lieutenant general? Was the rank of lieutenant colonel more logical? The same thing with the ratio of ranks and posts. Our regiment and brigade are commanded with the rank of colonel, a division major general. In the USA, for example, the brigade is commanded by a brigadier general, a division major general, corps lieutenant general, army general.
    1. Andrey Krasnoyarsky
      Andrey Krasnoyarsky 26 June 2020 15: 45
      +3
      The lieutenant general was older than the major general in imperial Russia. The reason for this is in the literal meaning of the words major and lieutenant. Major - senior, lieutenant - deputy. Lieutenant - deputy company commander (captain), major - senior in relation to the captain. The major general is the senior in relation to the colonel, that is, the division commander, and the lieutenant general is the deputy general-in-chief, that is, the "full general." Consequently, he is a deputy army commander or a corps commander, and therefore superior to a major general. This is according to the Table of Ranks, but since then it has become the custom.
    2. Gato
      Gato 26 June 2020 17: 51
      0
      So why is the lieutenant general? Was the rank of lieutenant colonel more logical?

      For me, this is also a mystery. Some believe that this is due to the number of stars - before they were the same in all. But my colleague Andrei Krasnoyarsky seems more right.
      1. Metallurg_2
        Metallurg_2 27 June 2020 20: 06
        0
        The lieutenant general was the deputy full general (general of the kind of weapons). This rank appeared in European armies in the mid-18th century.
        And the Colonel General (more precisely, the Oberst General) appeared in Prussia only in 1852, was a step higher than the general of the genus of weapons and was the highest rank that could be awarded in peacetime. And this was an exclusively Prussian title; in the rest of Europe, no titles were introduced between the general general and field marshal.
        In 1917, generals of the kind of arms were abolished from us (as well as other ranks). In 1940, restoring the rank of general, instead of the rank of general, it was decided to introduce the rank of colonel-general on the German model. And the lieutenant general was simply restored from the tsarist "table of ranks."
        Although initially in the project, which Voroshilov submitted to Stalin on the introduction of general ranks, it was planned to establish three ranks: General 3, 2 and 1 rank. By the way, exactly the same is now in Ukraine, in the National Police (and the non-brothers will still say that they are getting rid of the Soviet legacy).
    3. Gato
      Gato 26 June 2020 18: 07
      +1
      Quote: Lt. air force reserve
      In the USA, for example, the brigade is commanded by a brigadier general, a division major general, corps lieutenant general, army general.

      In the USA, as far as I know, the title is rigidly tied to the post. Even a sergeant appointed under certain circumstances comrotes could get a field patent and carry the captain's sleepers. And then please take it off. In our country, the staffing nets provide for play - and they can put the major on the brigade, and then he will receive asterisks if he justifies the trust. That is, our military ranks are personal.
      By the way, how would you like the title "General of the Police Army" that actually existed in Ukraine? lol
      1. Metallurg_2
        Metallurg_2 27 June 2020 19: 59
        0
        Quote: Gato
        By the way, how would you like the title "General of the Police Army" that actually existed in Ukraine?

        There has never been such a title there. The rank of general of the army corresponded to the rank of general of the internal service and general of the civil protection service.
      2. Metallurg_2
        Metallurg_2 27 June 2020 20: 13
        0
        This thing that you describe in the US Army is called "brevet" or temporary promotion.
        The servicemen promoted in this way are called: brevet major, brevet colonel, which distinguishes them from "full-fledged" officers in this rank. After some time of service, the owner of the brevet can receive his military rank permanently or, having lost the patent, return to his original permanent rank.
  • senima56
    senima56 26 June 2020 14: 43
    +1
    Great was the Man!
  • voyaka uh
    voyaka uh 26 June 2020 14: 58
    +2
    In total in the world several hundred people possessed this title.
    All sorts of kings, dukes, basically.
    In France alone there were 30 pieces of Generalissimo
    1. cat Rusich
      cat Rusich 26 June 2020 21: 27
      +1
      Chiang Kai-shek - head of the Kuomintang party since 1925, President of the Republic of China - GENERALISIMUS. They say JV Stalin did not like the title of "generalissimo" of such "neighbors in rank."
    2. Metallurg_2
      Metallurg_2 27 June 2020 19: 56
      0
      You are probably confusing France and the Holy Roman Empire. In France, connectives were spread, and then the main marshals (I just don’t think of marshals, they were like dirt there). But in the SRI, generalissimo. Suffice it to recall Tilly and Wallenstein.
  • Gato
    Gato 26 June 2020 17: 57
    0
    For the first time, voivode Aleksey Semenovich Shein became the generalissimo in 1696.

    Yes? belay And I thought that in 1695 Prince Fedor Yuryevich Romodanovsky became the first Russian generalissimo.
    1. tanit
      tanit 27 June 2020 09: 12
      0
      "Generalissimo of the Amusing Troops" Romodanovsky and Butulin. 1694 year.
  • atos_kin
    atos_kin 27 June 2020 07: 14
    +1
    Eh, it was necessary to assign the generalissimo after zeroing to the amendment.
    1. Metallurg_2
      Metallurg_2 27 June 2020 19: 54
      0
      What for? But father, for example, wears some outlandish epaulettes without any rank. Just like our Cossacks are mummers.
  • Metallurg_2
    Metallurg_2 27 June 2020 19: 53
    0
    They say that they also wanted to assign the title to Brezhnev, provided that he would be able to pronounce this word.
    Niasilil Ilyich ...