Military Review

New to the parade: PRP-5 Mars 2000 mobile reconnaissance point


PRP-5 "Mars-2000" at the parade in Tula. Photo

The parades on June 24 showed a large number of promising weapons and equipment, including brand new. One of these innovations was demonstrated in Tula - at the place of development. In the parade, for the first time in front of the public, there was a promising mobile reconnaissance point PRP-5 or "Mars-2000". Consider this product in more detail.

Famous story

According to well-known data, the Tula PJSC NPO Strela was involved in the development of PRP-5 with the involvement of a number of other organizations. According to his open documents, in the spring of 2012 a contract was signed with the Ministry of Defense for the implementation of experimental design work “Development of a mobile reconnaissance point PRP-5”, subject code - “Mars-2000”.

The following references to the PRP-5 project in the open press appeared only a few years later. At the beginning of 2015, the corporate publication of the RG group of companies spoke about work in recent years. Among other things, mention was made of the fruitful cooperation of Gidrosila CJSC (part of the RG group) with Strela NPO on the topic Mars-2000. It was alleged that in 2013 Hydrosila fabricated and tested the layout of a hydraulic lifting mast. In 2014, an order appeared for the assembly of finished products for installation on experimental equipment. Messages were accompanied by a photograph of the mast.

In 2015, NPO Strela received a patent No. 2557770 for a new design of a telescopic mast. After that, there were disputes that reached the court. In court documents, the Mars-2000 ROC was mentioned, within the framework of which a mast was created. The proceedings ended in 2018 and probably affected the course of the project.

View from a different angle. Photo

On May 27, 2020, TASS published excerpts from a conversation with the Director General of Military Industrial Company Alexander Krasovitsky. He spoke about the development of new models of equipment based on the BTR-82 armored personnel carrier. In particular, a “new combat reconnaissance vehicle” is being created called “Mars 2000”. Unfortunately, this time the official message did without special details.

On the eve of June 24, rehearsal of the festive parade was held in several cities, and these events traditionally attracted public attention. At a training in Tula, a new model was noticed - a previously unknown machine based on the BTR-82, equipped with a specific tower and other units. Soon it became known that this is a mobile reconnaissance point PRP-5. It was first shown in Tula - at the place of project development.

Technical features

Unfortunately, most of the data on Mars 2000 has not yet been published. Reliably known only the purpose of this machine, the type of base chassis and the presence of some units from subcontractors. In addition, some conclusions can be drawn after an external examination, although the main parameters will remain unknown after that.

The basis for the PRP-5 was the BTR-82 wheeled chassis. It is easy to see that when remodeling into a mobile reconnaissance point, an armored personnel carrier loses some devices and receives new ones. So, behind the shoulder of the tower there is a small superstructure, the configuration of the side hatches has been changed. In place of the standard cannon-machine gun turret is a new unit; behind it on the roof is a new casing of unknown purpose. There are other innovations. In this case, apparently, the level of protection, mobility and other characteristics of the base APC are preserved.

Machine close-up. Photo

On the forehead of the car, in front of the commander’s hatch, instead of a standard searchlight, an optical-electronic unit is installed, replacing the standard periscope and providing better visibility in any conditions. There are obscure instruments on the sides, probably sensors with a side view.

In place of the standard tower, an aggregate of a different form with a different composition of equipment was installed. The new tower has a complex forehead, as well as a developed side and aft niche. A large-caliber machine gun is installed in the embrasure, and optics for guidance are located next to it. However, the product on the roof of the tower is of most interest. There is a U-shaped platform with a swinging block.

This is probably the bulk of reconnaissance optoelectronic equipment. It can be assumed that this particular unit is integrated with the mast from the Hydrosila and with its help rises to a certain height. However, the presence of such functions, as well as the characteristics of the optics remain unknown.

The mobile reconnaissance points of previous models carried small-sized radar stations for monitoring ground targets. The exterior of the new PRP-5 does not indicate the presence or absence of a radar. If such equipment is available, then the antenna device in the stowed position is retracted into one of the casings. In this case, the antenna may also need a mast for lifting.

Aft, above the engine compartment of the armored personnel carrier, is a rectangular casing with a trapezoidal cover. On the sides of it are transported some pipes. The purpose of these units is unknown.

New to the parade: PRP-5 Mars 2000 mobile reconnaissance point

Hydraulic mast for PRP-5. Photo by GC "RG"

Obviously, the internal volumes of the body are given for certain devices. Control panels for reconnaissance equipment, as well as communication and control equipment for interaction with headquarters, batteries, etc., are required. However, the composition of such equipment and its exact capabilities are still unknown - and it is not clear when they will be revealed.

Probable Opportunities

A mobile reconnaissance point must be present on the battlefield, monitor the terrain and search for enemy targets. Data on identified structures, armored vehicles or fighters are transmitted to a higher headquarters for organizing a strike. Also, the reconnaissance armored vehicle is able to work as a spotter of fire. Modern domestic samples of this class are equipped with day and night optical devices, as well as radar and a developed communications complex.

Currently, there are several types of reconnaissance points in the Russian army, mainly vehicles of the same family — PRP-4 Nard, PRP-4A Argus, and PRP-4M Deuterium. All of them are made on the BMP-1 tracked chassis and have the necessary set of reconnaissance and communications equipment.

The latest PRP-5 “Mars-2000” should preserve the basic capabilities of its predecessors, but the use of modern devices can improve key characteristics, and therefore operational efficiency. It should be assumed that there is more "long-range" optics and improved radar. Communication facilities should ensure full-fledged work in existing and promising network-centric structures.

Serial armored vehicle PRP-4A "Argus". Photo by

The use of new equipment is of great importance. The armed forces of the ground forces are receiving samples and weapons with wider capabilities, requiring special means of support. Promising PDPs should look for targets and provide coordinates for both “conventional” and high-precision weapons.

A significant difference between the PRP-5 and its predecessors is the wheeled chassis. It is more advantageous than caterpillar in terms of operation and possible strategic mobility. In addition, the BTR-82 armored personnel carrier is much newer than the BMP-1/2 infantry fighting vehicle, and also remains in serial production. It should be taken into account the fact that LLC VPK is developing several models of equipment based on BTR at once - this will provide a high degree of unification.

The PRP-4 series vehicles retained the full-time dome of the BMP-1 turret, which limited the available volumes and made it necessary to reduce armament to one PKT machine gun. The new Marsa 2000 tower is notable for its large volumes, and due to this it can accommodate not only equipment, but also a heavy machine gun - a more serious argument for self-defense.

Development continues

The existing mobile reconnaissance points, which are in service with the Russian army, generally meet current requirements and effectively provide for the solution of fire missions. However, in the medium term, the PRP-4 product line will become obsolete morally and physically, and they will need to be replaced.

The replacement model, PRP-5 Mars-2000, has already been created, built and is likely to be tested. The timing of the completion of the ROC, the start of production and putting into service is still unknown. However, the fact that the new car was openly shown at the parade may indicate success. There is reason to look to the future with optimism and expect the imminent appearance of “Mars” in the troops.
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  1. rocket757
    rocket757 26 June 2020 06: 51
    mobile reconnaissance point PRP-5 "Mars-2000"

    For the modern army, the means of intelligence, control, communications and automation is not just NECESSARY, it is becoming vitally important.
    Most of all ... or rather, as many as NEEDED .... high-quality training of personnel and operational workers ...
    1. ccsr
      ccsr 26 June 2020 11: 17
      Quote: rocket757
      For the modern army, the means of intelligence, control, communications and automation is not just NECESSARY, it is becoming vitally important.

      In Soviet times, there was a PPRI-5 based on the MT-LBu and it was reasonable for scouts, if only because the volume of compartments for reconnaissance equipment there was greater than in an armored personnel carrier. What made me switch to an armored personnel carrier with an infantry fighting vehicle is generally clear to me. It's just not clear why they abandoned MT-LBu in this development, and this remains a mystery to me. Moreover, in the reconnaissance battles "Taran" was also based on MT-LBu and from the point of view of unification of reconnaissance equipment, it would be more expedient to use one base. However, sometimes we simply do not know what is behind the adoption of such decisions, but we would like to understand at least the course of military thought.
      1. rocket757
        rocket757 26 June 2020 11: 40
        One thing is clear, the equipment is becoming more compact, more complex and richer at all levels.
        If they do so, then it is advisable.
        1. ccsr
          ccsr 26 June 2020 12: 15
          Quote: rocket757
          One thing is clear, the equipment is becoming more compact, more complex and richer at all levels.

          So there are more types of reconnaissance equipment - it also needs to be placed, even if it takes up little space.
          Quote: rocket757
          If they do so, then it is advisable.

          So then explain why you need to use armored personnel carriers where it is better to use MT-LBUs, at least from the point of view of cross-country ability, not to mention that it is 4 tons lighter than armored personnel carriers, has a larger volume and is cheaper. In general, what is the expediency of the decision I did not understand.
          1. rocket757
            rocket757 26 June 2020 12: 22
            Question to working professionals. You won’t see everything from the sofa.
            1. ccsr
              ccsr 26 June 2020 12: 38
              Quote: rocket757
              Question to working professionals. You won’t see everything from the sofa.

              Here one "specialist" has already appeared:
              Quote: depressant
              The site is read by the Presidential Administration. Comments are taken into account.

              In general, the pranksters are still those - there is only hope for our couch experts in matters of this kind.
              1. rocket757
                rocket757 26 June 2020 12: 48
                Here, an ordinary "talker". The contingent of those present is not large, but since then, it fully reflects some of the tendencies indicated in our society.
                Who can show interest ... but there is nothing here that would be different from that, count everywhere.
          2. Zeev zeev
            Zeev zeev 26 June 2020 12: 38
            What company produced MT-LB (and has not been producing it for a long time, if I'm not mistaken)? And on which produce (now) BTR-82?
            1. ccsr
              ccsr 26 June 2020 12: 45
              Quote: ZeevZeev
              What company produced MT-LB

              And we do not reveal the secrets of Israeli intelligence - so find another way to obtain information.
            2. Okolotochny
              Okolotochny 26 June 2020 12: 52
              And on which produce (now) BTR-82?

              Manufacturer "Military Industrial Company", structurally included in the "GAZ" group. The GAZ Group is part of the Basic Element Company.
            3. Lopatov
              Lopatov 26 June 2020 15: 02
              Quote: ZeevZeev
              What company produced MT-LB (and has not been producing it for a long time, if I'm not mistaken)?

              Since 2007 they have been produced by "Muromteplovoz"
              "From repair and modernization, we switched to the production of the MT-LB chassis," Sergei Serebryakov, chief designer of Muromteplovoz OJSC, told Interfax-AVN.
      2. Bodipancher
        Bodipancher 27 June 2020 08: 54
        I think the answer is simple - speed and ease of use. Wheel equipment in this regard is much more convenient than caterpillar technology.
        1. ccsr
          ccsr 27 June 2020 10: 53
          Quote: Bodypuncher
          I think the answer is simple - speed and ease of use. Wheel equipment in this regard is much more convenient than caterpillar technology.

          This is only partially, because for our theater of operations with a huge number of swamps, the height of the snow cover, the armored personnel carrier will be inferior to the MT-LBu at least in cross-country ability and even its weight will play an important role. By the way, in our North, MT-LBu is readily used in civil organizations. But the point is not even that, but in the volume of the hardware compartment - precisely because of this "Ram" were made on this base. That is why it is not clear to me why such a base was chosen.
  2. Mik13
    Mik13 26 June 2020 07: 05
    Machines of the PRP-4 series retained the full-time dome of the BMP-1 turret, which limited the available volumes and made it necessary to reduce armament to one PKT machine gun.

    It is not.
    Both the PRP-4 and the BRM-1K towers are non-standard. It is impossible to shove 1 crew members into the regular BMP-2 tower dome even with a carcass or a stuffed animal ...
    1. Lopatov
      Lopatov 26 June 2020 07: 13
      Right The PRP-3 tower, apparently, was created first. Under two people and a radar. Based on it, the BPM-1K tower
    2. Civil
      Civil 26 June 2020 10: 23
      Quote: Mik13
      Unfortunately, most of the data on Mars 2000 has not yet been published.

      And maybe fortunately) why divulge too much.
  3. Lopatov
    Lopatov 26 June 2020 07: 20
    Good thing, it's high time. Yet the previous ideologies lag behind reality.
    But here the main thing is that they do not start saving, and shove cars on the basis of the armored personnel carrier to where cars are needed for the goose. base.
  4. Peter is not the first
    Peter is not the first 26 June 2020 07: 22
    Controversial is the use of mast equipment in the tower. Its design and hydraulic drive should occupy too much useful volume of the tower, as a result of which problems with the maintenance of installed weapons may begin. At least a heavy machine gun must be remotely controlled.
    The only reason for installing a telescopic, hydraulic mast in the tower may be the high height of the telescopic mast sections, which could only fit by hiding them, only using the full height of the hull and tower. It would be interesting to know how high the mast can be raised by observation devices.
    1. silberwolf88
      silberwolf88 26 June 2020 08: 04
      and how useful the mast is in general when small unmanned aerial vehicles appeared to solve reconnaissance tasks ... some questions unanswered
      1. Lopatov
        Lopatov 26 June 2020 09: 37
        Quote: silberwolf88
        and how useful the mast is

        Extremely helpful.
        For the UAV is not a child prodigy.
  5. silberwolf88
    silberwolf88 26 June 2020 08: 03
    instead of characteristics and tasks to be solved (well, what is important for the troops + what's new compared to the existing ones) ... some kind of continuous gossip ... like dibs on a bench ... like there is a ledge of an unknown destination behind the stern ... but suspiciously ... ANYTHING article
  6. knn54
    knn54 26 June 2020 09: 02
    A little more is known. Than anything.
  7. Threaded screw
    Threaded screw 26 June 2020 09: 51
    Well, UAV adherents, tell us why we need an intelligence point. Henry are you here?
  8. Passing
    Passing 26 June 2020 12: 16
    The author is engaged in idle chatter. I give the author a free algorithm on how to write something that has at least some sense without having any evidence:
    1) We consider the complex of the old generation, highlight the significant and long-known subsystems.
    2) We extrapolate the data to a new generation complex, obviously, at least it has the same things, only better.
    3) And we give an analysis of the form - this shit on the case is most likely the development of such and such a function of the old system, but this shit is such and such.
    4) We compare the alleged performance characteristics in the sense that the military likes to double indicators from generation to generation.
  9. gregor6549
    gregor6549 26 June 2020 15: 53
    A mobile reconnaissance post of the type shown in the picture does not replace the UAV in any way, but supplements them (or they supplement it, which is not the point). As O. Bendrer would say, "Don't make a cult out of a UAV." They are not always at hand for those who need intelligence information, and if it is not always advisable to use UAVs at hand for a number of reasons (not the type that is new, the wrong sensors have, the enemy has strong air defense and electronic warfare, etc.)
    I also do not know what kind of swinging unit is installed on the roof of the tower, but in my view it is most likely a portable millimeter-wave radar. Opto electronics looks a little different. If I’m right about the radar, then it should be able to be carried out (possibly with the mast) to a safe distance from the BTR and transmit its information to the BTR via secure data lines (fiber optic or coaxial cables).
    Well, the chassis is usually chosen not by the manufacturer but by the customer. Any whim for his money. I would also add a couple of remote to a decent (up to several km) distance of terminals equipped with wireless data transmission equipment in the set of equipment of this item.
    And the last one. All this was already developed back in the 90s and 90s, including on the basis of wheeled and tracked armored personnel carriers. And it had the ability to interact with ASUV, for which a retractable mast with antenna was installed on the chassis of these armored personnel carriers to transmit intelligence to the consumer. The terminals I mentioned were developed. Everything was, and now they are undergoing reincarnation under new names and with the use of some new equipment which was not there then.
  10. Bogatyrev
    Bogatyrev 27 June 2020 02: 36
    The capabilities of the new complex and the tactical meaning of its creation are not quite clear.
    Well, apart from the new wheelbase of course.