Military Review

Russia in the Arctic: the main irritant for the United States

57

The Polar Star heavy gas turbine icebreaker is replaced by a screw (4,8 m diameter) during routine repairs


Read the first part of the article. here.

Another aspect of renting


Back to the idea of ​​renting an icebreaker or icebreakers. A lease arrangement often restricts how a vessel can be used under lease terms, which is also not very comfortable with UCWR. In 2017, a study by the National Academies of Science, Technology, and Medicine, sanctioned by Congress a year earlier, concluded that leasing icebreakers was not a viable route for the Coast Guard.

Chartering (operating leases) is not a viable option, the study notes. Buying is also quite difficult. The availability of polar icebreakers in the open market is extremely limited. (The Committee is aware of the sale of only one more or less large icebreaker since 2010.) The American experience of chartering a polar icebreaker for the Antarctic expedition replenishment mission was problematic in two previous charter attempts (with Sweden and Russia).

“Chartering can be carried out only in case of short-term necessity and a specific mission. The Committee notes that chartering may prevent BOHR from performing its many tasks. ”

In its own study of the environmental impact of the Coast Guard in 2019 for the Polar Security Cutter (Coast Guard icebreaker) program, the service concluded that there were no vessels available for rent that would “substantially satisfy” the operational requirements for it icebreaking needs.

In addition, any lease should be such that the Coast Guard provides for the manning, training and equipment of the vessel, taking on all expenses while paying the privilege of having it, which makes such an arrangement a financially dubious prospect.

Looking for occasions


Alaskan Republican Senator Dan Sullivan, an energetic lobbyist for the US Senate Committee on US Armed Forces to channel more resources into the Arctic, said the memorandum would “add weight” to continued efforts to build America’s presence in the Arctic. “Our opponents are far ahead of the United States when it comes to Arctic infrastructure,” Sullivan said in a statement.

“We have one heavy semi-functioning and one medium functioning icebreaker of the polar class, while in Russia there are more than fifty of them. I fought for five years to bring Arctic issues to the fore, including the FY19 NDAA, to allow the construction of six such icebreakers, and put forward a bill to develop the capabilities and locations needed to support a permanent presence in the Arctic. ”
.
Although the president’s memorandum seems to have taken regional observers by surprise, its content is consistent with the administration’s rhetoric regarding the region, said Eric Brattberg, director of the European Program at the Carnegie Endowment. “The Trump administration has shown increasing interest in Arctic issues in recent years, due in particular to the growing presence of China in the region,” said Brattberg.

“While America’s allies and partners in Northern Europe would welcome a broader US presence in the Arctic, they also fear that the region is becoming more visible due to competition between the US, Russia and China.”

The "growing" Chinese presence is expressed in the presence in the PRC of as many as two research icebreaking vessels, and this is nothing more than an occasion.

The main irritant is Russia


But the best reason is, of course, Russia. The Russian Federation, in particular, made it clear to the international community that it has basic economic interests in the Arctic, and it will defend them, even building icebreakers with cruise missiles and other weapons and building military bases that cover airspace with its air defense systems, air defense systems and based there aviationand long-range coastal missiles with supersonic and soon hypersonic heavy missiles. A country with 7000 nautical miles of the Arctic coast sees the region as the key to its long-term economic success. In 2017, President Vladimir Putin estimated the region’s mineral resources base at 30 trillion. dollars. Well, can they endure this in the USA? Indeed, some other superpower is located over their personal resources!

At a February hearing in the Congress subcommittee on transport and maritime security, Deputy Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs Michael Murphy said Russia's military build-up in the Arctic threatens the northern flank of the United States and NATO. Although Russia is cooperating in the field of oil spill response and search and rescue operations, the United States is suspicious of the country's actions, especially in creating the Arctic base and installing coastal rocket batteries, early warning radars and air defense systems, Murphy said in a statement.

“The buildup of Russian military power in the Arctic has consequences beyond its borders,” he said.

“From a geostrategic point of view, the Arctic and the North Atlantic are inextricably linked. The Arctic provides Russian ships and submarines with access to the most important naval hub: the Juk gap, which plays a huge role in NATO’s defense and containment strategy. Transatlantic submarine cables also pass through the area. ”

“In short, NATO’s northern flank should once again draw the attention of the United States and its allies,” he added.

Similar to its fears for freedom of navigation in the South China Sea, which has become a hot spot in Sino-U.S. relations, the United States cast doubt on Russia's attempts to force shippers to use Russian pilots and to pay for the use of the Northern Sea Route, passing through Russia's exclusive economic zone. Russia has invested heavily in icebreakers to keep the Northern Sea Route open for as long as possible every year, and therefore the country sees it as a kind of toll road.

“Russia's restrictions on freedom of navigation along the Northern Sea Route do not comply with international law,” Murphy said. Murphy, of course, forgot to mention the fact that almost the entire Northern Sea Route passes either in the exclusive economic zone of Russia, or in territorial or adjacent waters, and Russia has every right to do this, and also bears responsibility and expenses for the maintenance of the NSR.

In general, they are worried, you know, for our Northern Sea Route. And the more cargo turnover will be there (and it grows by leaps and bounds and far exceeds the Soviet peak indicators for more than a year), the stronger it will be strengthened, the greater will be the anxiety. It is important to strengthen even better so that anxiety does not outgrow the stages of elbow biting from envy. And as for the Americans building icebreakers, let them, of course, build or buy. In the Arctic, there will be enough work for everyone, especially if you don’t climb where you didn’t ask.
Author:
57 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Asad
    Asad 21 June 2020 05: 10
    +7
    Annoying, causing concern, there will be concerns. So Russia is doing everything right in the Arctic!
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 21 June 2020 05: 50
      -8
      Quote: ASAD
      Annoying, causing concern, there will be concerns. So Russia is doing everything right in the Arctic!

      ] Annoying, causing concern, there will be concerns. So America is doing everything right in the world ...? very competent argument. gee.
    2. WILL
      WILL 21 June 2020 07: 24
      +6
      Quite a funny situation, as in the fable of Krylov I. A “Fox and grapes” ... Though He sees an eye, yes the Tooth is numb. So it remains - to be annoyed, to express fears, to show concern ... well, what else remains for the Mattresses to do with the balance of one and a half icebreakers?
      The Arctic is not only the Northern Sea Route and hydrocarbons, it is also a huge reserve of renewable biological resources. Considering that there are more and more problems with food in the World every year - Russia has an excellent "nest egg" in the "refrigerator". Leadership in the development of the Arctic cannot be lost; this is one of the vectors of the country's development for many generations to come.
      Conclusion: Continue to build Military Bases, develop coastal infrastructure, improve the icebreaking and accompanying icebreaking Fleet! Actively extract hydrocarbons and bioresources. Well, the Northern Sea Route, especially with constant climate warming, should increase its throughput.
      1. Boris55
        Boris55 21 June 2020 08: 01
        -1
        Quote: ANIMAL
        Conclusion: Continue to build Military Bases, develop coastal infrastructure, improve the icebreaking and accompanying icebreaking Fleet!

        All this became possible under Putin, and can you imagine how we will turn around if we become independent from the orders of the West, if we accept Putin's amendments to the Constitution?

        Quote: ANIMAL
        Well, the Northern Sea Route, especially with constant climate warming, should increase its throughput.

        This week it was announced that the Northern Sea Route began to operate year-round. We already have 40 icebreakers and are still being built against 2 half-dead in the USA. They want to build something there by the 29th year, and the USA will still remain in its present form. I really doubt it. Their hegemony over the World is over. Amen.
        1. Lebed
          Lebed 21 June 2020 09: 52
          -5
          Quote: Boris55
          All this became possible under Putin, and can you imagine how we will turn around if we become independent from the orders of the West, if we accept Putin's amendments to the Constitution?

          Reminds me of this video:
          1. Boris55
            Boris55 21 June 2020 10: 26
            +1
            Quote: Lebed
            Reminds me of this video:

            Salvage from the State Department makes itself felt ... Let me remind you.

            Putin has made 10 amendments to which no one claims.
            The EP (Tereshkova) introduced the amendment to nullify the deadline, so what would the Western singers try about?

            Then yesterday, someone was outraged that Medvedev was removed, and the retirement date was left. So, by that, they left that this was an instruction from the IMF and not only to us, but also to all the former union and socialist ones. Medvedev only prepared a bill, which the Duma issued in the form of a law.

            If you wish further that our retirement age is determined from beyond the hillock, then you can’t vote for amendments, but then don’t be offended by Putin or the future president, that the retirement age has increased and you shouldn’t make your eyes wide - you decided when they did not vote for the independence of Russia.
            1. sergo1914
              sergo1914 21 June 2020 10: 49
              +2
              Quote: Boris55
              Quote: Lebed
              Reminds me of this video:

              Salvage from the State Department makes itself felt ... Let me remind you.

              Putin has made 10 amendments to which no one claims.
              The EP (Tereshkova) introduced the amendment to nullify the deadline, so what would the Western singers try about?

              Then yesterday, someone was outraged that Medvedev was removed, and the retirement date was left. So, by that, they left that this was an instruction from the IMF and not only to us, but also to all the former union and socialist ones. Medvedev only prepared a bill, which the Duma issued in the form of a law.

              If you wish further that our retirement age is determined from beyond the hillock, then you can’t vote for amendments, but then don’t be offended by Putin or the future president, that the retirement age has increased and you shouldn’t make your eyes wide - you decided when they did not vote for the independence of Russia.


              That is, the IMF raised the retirement age for us? And after voting for amendments will it be returned back? Man, are you raving?
            2. Lebed
              Lebed 21 June 2020 11: 17
              -2
              Can you imagine how we will turn around if we become independent from the orders of the West, if we accept Putin’s amendments to the Constitution

              You, as an intelligent person, should understand that the adoption of these amendments will not relieve us of the "orders of the West." This requires completely different amendments. hi
              1. Dima 27
                Dima 27 22 June 2020 01: 42
                0
                ". This requires completely different amendments. hi[/ Quote]
                More precisely, one is the independence of our Central Bank !!! But this is not even discussed!
            3. bk0010
              bk0010 21 June 2020 12: 24
              -2
              Quote: Boris55
              So, by that, they left that this was an instruction from the IMF and not only to us, but to all the former Soviet and socialist
              Will you give evidence? Or blah blah blah?
            4. sav
              sav 21 June 2020 14: 07
              +2
              Quote: Boris55
              Loot of the State Department makes itself felt

              Maybe it's enough to look for the "hand of the State Department" everywhere? It turns out some kind of omnipotent State Department. He even beat up the Old KGB officer.
              We must create our own future and present ourselves. By the way, for 20 years, if you wanted, you could return real sovereignty (and not dance to the tune of the IMF) and the good of the people (oligarchs in kitsch). People would now support 98% of GDP
              1. Akuzenka
                Akuzenka 21 June 2020 18: 25
                -2
                You said everything correctly. It could be. No, you can't. Then he would have to go to kitsch. He is flesh of flesh, blood of blood, the same. That is why it’s not ...... And "you don’t need a knife for a greedy man, you show him a copper penny and do with him what you want."
          2. Akuzenka
            Akuzenka 21 June 2020 18: 17
            0
            And I'm more interested in why "ours" do not release such videos about Western leaders and officials? I suspect, because the money of "our" patriots in the West, and for this they can be refused. Expand my guess.
        2. snake
          snake 21 June 2020 11: 40
          -1
          The Golunov case, the case of Judge Khakhaleva, the case of the shot down "drunken" boy ...
          Quote: Boris55
          All this became possible under Putin, and can you imagine how we will turn around if we become independent from the orders of the West, if we accept Putin's amendments to the Constitution?
          1. Siberian54
            Siberian54 22 June 2020 08: 03
            +3
            Now, if you had not learned about these matters .. Then yes, Putin is to blame! And in this case: the burp of EBN times was eliminated, convicted and opened, thanks to whom it does not matter, it is important that there are such opportunities to take out the garbage into the tank.
            1. snake
              snake 22 June 2020 11: 29
              -1
              Quote: Siberian54
              thanks to whom it doesn't matter

              Thanks to media coverage. Thanks to the activity of society. And not thanks to Putin's judicial system. And that is important.
              According to your logic: why should Rotenberg give the Hero of Labor? Have you built a bridge? Built. And who built - it does not matter. It is important that there is the opportunity to build a bridge.
              1. Siberian54
                Siberian54 22 June 2020 18: 43
                0
                Yes, it doesn’t matter to me who the state money (that is, my taxes) has built or accomplished. I am categorically against this award !!! THIS IS A DISCREDITATION OF THE REWARD!
                1. snake
                  snake 23 June 2020 14: 01
                  0
                  Quote: Siberian54
                  I am categorically against this award !!! THIS IS A DISCREDITATION OF THE REWARD!

                  Claims, please, to Putin is his decision.
        3. Nehist
          Nehist 21 June 2020 13: 47
          0
          Do you have something to cover the Northern Sea Route from the US MAPL?
    3. Volkov
      Volkov 21 June 2020 09: 58
      -1
      Artika is a resource pie, where everyone is trying to get the biggest piece. The cake is finite, not enough for everyone. Not only do they not like that their competitor is trying to get most of it.
    4. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 21 June 2020 12: 03
      +3
      Quote: ASAD
      Annoying, causing concern, there will be concerns.

      Don't be afraid and irritated! There were no states in the project yet (like the word "president" itself), Columbus was not born yet, and the Russian Pomors and Grumant (present-day Spitsbergen) were already mastering the Franz Josef Land, and the New and Northern Lands! .. And until the Soviet polar explorers grow and grow! Russian names on maps --- Otto Yulievich Schmidt, Georgy Yakovlevich Sedov, Semyon Ivanovich Chelyuskin
      The names of Soviet researchers, NIIGA researchers are immortalized --- VNIIOkeangeologiya: Nikolai Nikolaevich Mutafi, Ilya Davidovich Gatiev, Alexei Ivanovich Zvezdin, Elena Konstantinovna Sychugova (blockade), Bunya Isaakovna Test, Evgeny Nikolaevich Freiberg, Nikolai Nikolaevich Urvantsev, Yuri Pavlovich Burov, Alexander Arkad (blockade), Valentin Nikolaevich Sokolov, Boris Khristoforovich Egiazarov, Arkady Moiseevich Karasik, Yuri Georgievich Kiselev, Sergey Pavlovich Maschenkov.
  2. riwas
    riwas 21 June 2020 05: 22
    +4
    The safety of the NSR is ensured by the infrastructure located in Russia, in particular, ice reconnaissance. Without this support, since the NSR is quite long, its operation is not possible.
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 21 June 2020 05: 51
      +1
      Quote: riwas
      The safety of the NSR is ensured by the infrastructure located in Russia, in particular, ice reconnaissance. Without this support, since the NSR is quite long, its operation is not possible.

      We will look at the climate. And it is changing.
      1. KCA
        KCA 21 June 2020 05: 59
        +6
        It changes, when the instability increases, the ice reconnaissance and all other types of weather monitoring are all the more necessary
        1. Grandfather
          Grandfather 21 June 2020 06: 02
          0
          Quote: KCA
          It changes, when the instability increases, the ice reconnaissance and all other types of weather monitoring are all the more necessary

          we both "guess" that ours in the Arctic is not because of the NSR .. there is the sphere of interests of the Aerospace Forces.
      2. Cyril G ...
        Cyril G ... 21 June 2020 10: 18
        -1
        It changes, but it’s not at all a fact that, due to human activities, the side of global warming. There may be consequences of the economic activities of mankind, do not allow us to slide into the small ice age. Maybe we can see the results.
  3. Ross xnumx
    Ross xnumx 21 June 2020 06: 05
    +3
    Russia in the Arctic: the main irritant for the United States

    Aha wassat The robbers decided to "clean" the apartment. They approached, picked up the keys and master keys, opened the door, and there ... the "main irritant" was a group of OMON fighters ... laughing
    Not the USA, but some tantrums. All annoying them, all annoying them. Russia has enough means against irritation and various other allergies ...
    1. Deck
      Deck 21 June 2020 07: 11
      -3
      Tantrums mostly compose headings for articles, while other tantrums in the comments pick it up.
  4. Ham
    Ham 21 June 2020 06: 21
    +1
    "Polkan, will you build a flying ship?
    buy it! "
    I propose to entrust ilosha mask to this case ... he will, according to his love, gash "his innovative icebreaker, with blackjack and ..."
    1. Grandfather
      Grandfather 21 June 2020 06: 52
      -1
      Quote: Ham
      he loves to gash "his innovative icebreaker, with blackjack and ..."

      whores? drinks
  5. Mouse
    Mouse 21 June 2020 06: 29
    +2
    The main irritant is Russia

    And not only in the Arctic ....
    So it was, is and will be! yes
  6. Courier
    Courier 21 June 2020 06: 31
    -5
    Will these resources be needed for 30 trillion. Oil, gas have fallen, consumption is falling, it was falling before 2020, it was falling in China and in Europe. China, a leader in solar energy, Europe wants to become carbon neutral by 2050.

    Nobody needs so much gas, oil and betting on their production, in some 2050, is just ridiculous.
    1. Poetry
      Poetry 21 June 2020 07: 14
      0
      The main resource in our country is its inhabitants. Everything else is already appendage.
      1. alekSASHKA-36
        alekSASHKA-36 21 June 2020 09: 24
        +1
        And unfortunately they are becoming less and less.
    2. edmed
      edmed 21 June 2020 07: 28
      +3
      Quote: Courier
      Will these resources be needed for 30 trillion. Oil, gas have fallen, consumption is falling, it was falling before 2020, it was falling in China and in Europe. China, a leader in solar energy, Europe wants to become carbon neutral by 2050.

      Nobody needs so much gas, oil and betting on their production, in some 2050, is just ridiculous.

      Well, yes, yes, how all these leaders will rake hemorrhoids with panels that have worked, it’s worse than nuclear waste, how will they align consumption peaks with delivery peaks?
      1. Courier
        Courier 21 June 2020 08: 02
        -1
        There are trends, and they are such that both Europe and China will reduce the share of fossil fuels in energy consumption. It's unavoidable. Recycling, say plastic does not decompose, and some species are completely toxic, is that someone was able to completely abandon plastic? Of course not.
        1. edmed
          edmed 21 June 2020 09: 24
          +1
          Quote: Courier
          , someone was able to completely abandon the plastic?

          Plastic is byak, but what are we going to do with heavy and not so metals, they are comparable in toxicity with nuclear waste, and how with peaks?
    3. knn54
      knn54 21 June 2020 07: 42
      +1
      "Sevmorput" is the shortest between the Far East and Europe.
      Save time and money.
      And the Yankees, first of all, are enraged by the fact that they must ask permission, coordinate.
      1. Ross xnumx
        Ross xnumx 21 June 2020 08: 24
        +1
        Quote: knn54
        "Sevmorput" is the shortest between the Far East and Europe.

        And safe from pirates and various other lovers of easy money.
        1. sergo1914
          sergo1914 21 June 2020 10: 51
          0
          Quote: ROSS 42
          Quote: knn54
          "Sevmorput" is the shortest between the Far East and Europe.

          And safe from pirates and various other lovers of easy money.


          Business plan?
    4. il-z
      il-z 21 June 2020 10: 50
      +1
      In Russian oil, the entire periodic table is the most valuable raw material for the petrochemical industry. Helium, alkanes (excluding methane), mercury, etc. can be extracted (and emitted) from gas. So .... and in 2100 they will be in trend, only mainly as raw materials for chemical production.
  7. Poetry
    Poetry 21 June 2020 06: 44
    +1
    Hot heads in Washington should remember: they will be given so much in the mouth that they will smile with gums. angry
  8. nikvic46
    nikvic46 21 June 2020 06: 46
    +3
    Let them be annoyed as much as they like. It still wouldn’t hurt to study our history of the development of the North, and compare it with ours.
  9. Benedict
    Benedict 21 June 2020 06: 55
    -2
    The Arctic is a tidbit for Western bigwigs .. But gentlemen, alas, Russia has secured itself there legally .. Put your teeth around you.!
  10. To be or not to be
    To be or not to be 21 June 2020 07: 21
    +2
    "Russia in the Arctic: the main irritant for the United States"
    Drink brom ... wink (Bromine: a forgotten medicine. A sedative that has been used for almost a century and a half.) ... And return Alaska ...
  11. Artavazdych
    Artavazdych 21 June 2020 07: 50
    +1
    So throw me slippers - why not build a new submarine base somewhere in the Kara Sea or the Laptev Sea?
    1. Ross xnumx
      Ross xnumx 21 June 2020 08: 30
      +1
      Quote: Artavazdych
      why not build a new submarine base somewhere in the Kara Sea or the Laptev Sea?

      Or off the coast of Cuba ... laughing
    2. Johann Klassen
      Johann Klassen 22 June 2020 00: 05
      0
      No, money slippers.
      A new "submarine base" in the Kara Sea is not bad.
      Yes, but where to get the money?
      The "coronavirus attack" of American "partners", with which something has yet to be done, has already caused enormous damage.
      It's time to move to Moscow, the US Federal Reserve System, and print "ruble dollars".
  12. Prisoner
    Prisoner 21 June 2020 09: 37
    +1
    Russia is the main irritator of the United States, including in the Arctic. Look how irritating they are. winked It is necessary to treat Nerva and drink narzan. laughing
  13. SS-18
    SS-18 21 June 2020 10: 20
    +6
    neighbors should not be annoying! as the master masters, his plot of land.
  14. Ros 56
    Ros 56 21 June 2020 10: 22
    0
    Icebreakers of the Navy, this is a very interesting idea and most importantly quite feasible in the very near future.
  15. Stirbjorn
    Stirbjorn 21 June 2020 10: 49
    -1
    These articles about the Arctic are already beginning to tire, and how it burns out among Americans. Well, the truth is, at least once a month, an article with such content comes out. Is this to raise a patriotic spirit or something ?! Another author lays out on the shelves, and so obvious things, about the Northern Sea Route. Like, here it is, you can always show the muzzle of the USA! It would be better to tell about the construction of atomic icebreakers, where not everything is so rosy ... since the topic of the Arctic
    If the Arctic was not there, it should have been invented! wassat
  16. Aleksandr123
    Aleksandr123 21 June 2020 21: 32
    +1
    Who cares how many US icebreakers there are. If our territory, let’s build at least a hundred. They have a lot of aircraft carriers. Here with the help of them let them solve their American economic problems. The main thing - as noted in the article so that they don’t climb, where they don’t ask, reliably guard their borders.
  17. Pomor northerner
    Pomor northerner 21 June 2020 22: 00
    -1
    What to build? Closed shift camps from which oil and gas are exported. What development of the NSR is being discussed? What was built during the Soviet era in the Arctic and how it gave impetus to the development of science, shipbuilding, etc. etc. in the next few years it will not even reach ten, or maybe more.
  18. Johann Klassen
    Johann Klassen 21 June 2020 23: 33
    +2
    Quote: Dead Day
    Quote: ASAD
    Annoying, causing concern, there will be concerns. So Russia is doing everything right in the Arctic!

    ] Annoying, causing concern, there will be concerns. So America is doing everything right in the world ...? very competent argument. gee.

    I overdid it yesterday.
    I drank more than I could.
    But less than he wanted.
  19. savelii1805
    savelii1805 9 August 2020 01: 28
    0
    I'm just wondering. Well, suppose America builds an icebreaker fleet (by the way, it's a complicated matter), and then what? We have been exploring the Arctic for centuries, experience gained at the cost of human lives. And the question arises, for example, does an American icebreaker enter these waters and then what? The captain does not know the situation, they will not be provided with a Russian pilot, something will happen, there is nowhere to turn for help ... The suicide bombers are not joking in the sea, all the more so.