Military Review

About unusual methods of disassembling a Kalashnikov assault rifle

57

Today we’ll talk about non-standard ways to disassemble a Kalashnikov assault rifle. Many experienced shooters have their own proprietary subtleties of disassembling the machine gun, all of them cannot be listed, but we will highlight especially interesting ones.


So, the dismantling of the Kalashnikov assault rifle, as you know, is divided into full and incomplete. Complete carried out for cleaning in case of serious contamination weaponsduring the transition to a new lubricant, as well as during the repair of AK.

Incomplete disassembly is carried out as part of the normal operation of automatic weapons. Even if the machine was not used, every three days it is disassembled for cleaning and lubrication.

Assembly and disassembly of AK are included in the mandatory standards for military personnel and employees of law enforcement agencies. The procedure for disassembling the AK is as follows: to separate the store, remove the accessory pencil case from the butt socket, separate the ramrod, separate the receiver cover, separate the return mechanism, separate the bolt frame with the bolt, separate the bolt from the bolt frame, and separate the gas tube with the barrel trim. Assembly is carried out, respectively, in the reverse order.


In addition to the classical methods, there are also non-standard, original ones, which were the result of the creative approach of their authors. Here, for example, the method of Sergey Pavlov, which is based on the exclusion of unnecessary movements and therefore allows you to assemble and disassemble the machine as quickly as possible. Let's see how it looks on the video.


As you can see, according to the Pavlov method, the machine can be disassembled three times faster than it should be according to the standard. A good result if the question of disassembly time is acute.

In tests conducted by the Kalashnikov concern, we see how the concern’s expert Sergei Radkevich disassembles and assembles the AK-74M and AK-12. At the same time, he dismantled the AK-74M in 18,6 seconds with a standard for draftees of 19 seconds, and managed with AK-12 in 16,84 seconds, since there is no need to remove the gas pipe.


Interestingly, the expert believes that the very idea of ​​passing standards for disassembling and assembling a machine gun does not make much sense, since it is necessary to shoot quickly and accurately with weapons, and this is the most important thing in the operation of Kalashnikov and any other machine.
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  1. tatarin1972
    tatarin1972 10 June 2020 21: 30 New
    +6
    A strange expert in the Kalashnikov concern, did he serve in the army ?! I no longer ask about participation in hostilities.
    1. Shurik70
      Shurik70 10 June 2020 22: 18 New
      +4
      Quote: tatarin1972
      A strange expert in the Kalashnikov concern, did he serve in the army ?! I no longer ask about participation in hostilities.

      I first read the "expert" expert laughing
    2. Thunderbolt
      Thunderbolt 10 June 2020 23: 31 New
      +3
      Quote: tatarin1972
      A strange expert in the Kalashnikov concern, did he serve in the army ?! I no longer ask about participation in hostilities.

      A strange question, he serves in YouTube.)))) Brother, there is no match for him on the sofa to arrange Korsakov’s dance here. We’ll arrange a war with swords, we’ll do it, joke .... well, yes, every non-cheeky fighter did his duty on the bedding for weapons .. Uhogo eo rug was trophy, from grandfather, and to whom grandfathers just hammered === clean weapons ---- a clear conscience. And
  2. lwxx
    lwxx 10 June 2020 21: 36 New
    12
    I would give this "specialist" AK from the box. I think about 30 minutes. At school I had a record of 19 s, assembly-disassembly. And in the army, after receiving a new AK-74, for five minutes I only hit a fuse with a horn. laughing
    1. dvina71
      dvina71 10 June 2020 23: 16 New
      +6
      Quote: lwxx
      And in the army after receiving a new AK-74

      School Akm crumbled in me for 5 seconds. It was about 8 seconds .. Due to a combination of hand movements. First, with one movement, unfasten the store and with his thumb removed the fuse. While the machine gun lifted the barrel up, with his right hand he recharged and shot, while the machine gun moved to the table, the cover flew off it, on the table there was a spring with a shutter and a gas pipe ..
      But at the finals of Zarnitsa ... the frontier guards gave us combat AK-74s ... It was good that there was time to practice ... Generally military ... disassembly 8sec, assembly 12 ....
      There were no comments, because our military forced us to disassemble the machine not in a heap, but to lay down the machine parts along a ruler ..
      1. Thunderbolt
        Thunderbolt 10 June 2020 23: 49 New
        +1
        Quote: dvina71
        School Akm crumbled in my 5s

        Once I caught a joke ... the spring at the pencil case is tight. Our military instructor was a mouse from special forces, from the 47s he was a lieutenant of special forces and then migrated to Kuibyshev. Ion, Yoknul, but all this was so childishly expressed, he later made me jump for jumping
      2. svp67
        svp67 11 June 2020 06: 22 New
        +1
        Quote: dvina71
        School Akm crumbled in me for 5 seconds. It was about 8 seconds .. Due to a combination of hand movements.

        Due to EASTERNITY. As well as in the video on speed disassembly. The ramrod is no longer so elastic and flies out from a light touch, all other parts have such gaps that they fly out of gears without touching each other. Combat AKs are still less "ushatany."
        And training in disassembling and assembling weapons for speed is needed, we generally blindfolded the fighters and forced them to pass the standards like that. It’s dark in the combat vehicle and therefore, not only do you have to disassemble and assemble the weapon quickly, you have to do it carefully, remembering perfectly where you put all the details, so that they wouldn’t go anywhere
        1. Kalmar
          Kalmar 11 June 2020 08: 34 New
          +1
          Quote: svp67
          It’s dark in the combat vehicle, and therefore, not only do you have to disassemble and assemble the weapon quickly, you must do it carefully

          I’ve wanted to know all my life: why bother disassembling a machine gun in a combat vehicle? Yes, and speed? Those. is this a real practical necessity, or from the series “a soldier should be (busy), or else (nonsense) will begin to suffer” (the original terms are replaced by censored analogues)?
          1. svp67
            svp67 11 June 2020 08: 41 New
            +1
            Quote: Kalmar
            I’ve wanted to know all my life: why bother disassembling a machine gun in a combat vehicle? Yes, and speed?

            Why disassemble? At least in order to eliminate the malfunction, clogging, breakage of the sleeve or replacing the barrel, this is typical for machine guns, so there is a need to be able to do this. And speed, this is just an indicator of your skill, the faster and more accurately you do, the more confident you will do it in difficult situations ..
            1. Kalmar
              Kalmar 11 June 2020 08: 49 New
              0
              Quote: svp67
              Why disassemble? At least in order to eliminate the malfunction, clogging, breakage of the sleeve

              But most of the time, all the same, it will go to the actual troubleshooting (if it really requires incomplete disassembly). Plus or minus a couple of seconds here does not particularly solve. The trick “in the dark” and “blindfolded” looks even more doubtful: to fix the malfunction, eyes will still be required.
              1. svp67
                svp67 11 June 2020 08: 52 New
                +1
                Quote: Kalmar
                The trick “in the dark” and “blindfolded” looks even more doubtful: to fix the malfunction, eyes will still be required.

                Have you ever been in a combat vehicle? It is not always as light as day. The soldiers were taught to handle the details carefully, remember exactly where and what he had put, so that he wouldn’t shy away all over the fighting compartment in search.
        2. g1v2
          g1v2 11 June 2020 13: 18 New
          0
          Well, as far as I remember, I managed in 11 and 13 seconds. But honestly, I don’t think that if I did it in 30 seconds or in a minute, something would have changed. Just show off. In my opinion, on the contrary, it is better not to rush to disassemble, inspect and clean. If you clean it for at least 5 minutes, you will collect or disassemble it in 5 seconds or in 30 it certainly will not play a role. Well, for practicing movements at the level of automatism, it may also give something, but even there speed is not very important.
          1. svp67
            svp67 11 June 2020 13: 46 New
            0
            Quote: g1v2
            Just show off.

            There is no spirit of competition here. Which makes you work out the actions to automatism, and your head to think about how else to try to improve the time shown.
            Yes, such a speed is not needed in battle or in a normal situation, but working out this standard is achieved precisely by working out automatism and self-confidence.
            For some reason, no one is embarrassed by the standards for technical training ....
      3. Reader 2013
        Reader 2013 12 June 2020 10: 02 New
        0
        and lay down parts of the machine
        It would be better if you were taught Russian at school
  3. Blacksmith 55
    Blacksmith 55 10 June 2020 21: 43 New
    +7
    After opening the store, the shutter must be distorted.
    1. Aag
      Aag 11 June 2020 20: 28 New
      0
      Sit down, five! Failure to everyone else. laughing
      When fulfilling any (!) Norm, non-compliance with MBP lowers the assessment. When handling weapons, it is unsuccessful. This operation is missed in the text of the article.
      Although, I do not remember verbatim, - "make sure that there is no cartridge in the chamber."
  4. Alexey Kurtov
    Alexey Kurtov 10 June 2020 21: 47 New
    +2
    Once (in the army), I took apart the AKM (AK-74) in 9,5 seconds, but now I consider disassembling for speed is far from the main skill.
  5. cat Rusich
    cat Rusich 10 June 2020 21: 58 New
    +8
    You need to be able to quickly equip the store - especially if the cartridges are still in unopened zinc.
    1. Alexey RA
      Alexey RA 11 June 2020 10: 52 New
      +1
      Quote: cat Rusich
      especially if the cartridges are still in unopened zinc.

      EMNIP, among the British under Isandlwan, problems with opening cartridge boxes became one of the reasons for the defeat.
      1. cat Rusich
        cat Rusich 11 June 2020 20: 17 New
        +1
        I read an article on the Internet about this battle (Izandlvan) - the problem was still in "strict discipline" - the ammunition was divided into divisions - each box with ammunition (stacks of boxes) had a responsible "ensign" who gave out ammunition only to fighters from his unit. For example, a “warrant officer” from the 1st company of the 10th battalion of the 100th regiment issues ammunition only to fighters of the 1st company of the 10th battalion of the 100th regiment. Ammunition can not be given to any other fighters from neighboring companies 2, 3, 4 ... or another battalion 2, 3, 4 ... under the fear of the tribunal and the tower ... In the confusion of battle, the British fighters ran up to the first "ensign" and received "a turn from the gate" - look for your "ensign" ... I remember in the Second Chechen campaign there was a similar case when a box with grenades was pulled in the box — grenades in factory packaging, grenades separately — fuses in a can separately, collect grenades in they did not have time for combat situation. And also the advice of veterans - "Take care of stores to AK, do not lose them - without a store AK is single-shot."
        1. Alexey RA
          Alexey RA 12 June 2020 21: 21 New
          0
          Quote: cat Rusich
          I read an article on the Internet about this battle (Izandlvan) - the problem was still in "strict discipline" - the ammunition was divided into units - each box with ammunition (stacks of boxes) had a responsible "ensign" who gave out ammunition only to fighters from his unit.

          Moreover, only this "non-commissioned officer-quartermaster" had the right to open the box. This procedure usually took about ten minutes, because the box had to be opened without damage - otherwise the quartermaster was fined for damage to state property.
          EMNIP, the quartermasters still stubbornly refused to bring the boxes closer to the rifle chain - for everything should be strictly according to the charter, the boxes should be in the wagon train.
          And most importantly, the British soldiers had only 20 rounds of ammunition before Izandlvana. And they had no cartridge pouches!
          ... one of the reasons for the defeat was also the problem with the supply of shooters with ammunition. Ammo pouches in this battle would probably save hundreds of lives if they were. In the arsenal of the English infantry in the battle of Isandlvan were quite modern and effective 11,43-mm martini-Henry rifles, which had a good rate of fire - 10 rounds per minute. (...) However, a small bandoleer, which was located on the belt of a British soldier, contained only 20 rounds, all other rounds were transported in special boxes.

          https://topwar.ru/89869-bitva-u-izandlvane-i-rol-podsumka.html
  6. saygon66
    saygon66 10 June 2020 22: 02 New
    +3
    - smile This is what kind of malfunction requires incomplete disassembly of the machine "on time"?
    1. kvs45
      kvs45 10 June 2020 23: 24 New
      +9
      This masturbation with disassembly and assembly of the machine only wears out weapons faster! Dismantled in 8 seconds, I saw that the trigger spring or the extractor was broken or the striker broke and so on and so on and what next? I ran to the workshop or rushed at the enemies with fists shouting - "I am dying, but I will not give up!"
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 10 June 2020 23: 27 New
        +3
        - This is from the field of army jokes, such as breaking bottles on the head ... It looks beautiful! smile
      2. Kalmar
        Kalmar 11 June 2020 08: 35 New
        0
        Quote: kvs45
        rushed at enemies with fists

        The bolt frame and ramrod are quite applicable in melee))
    2. delet
      delet 12 June 2020 12: 27 New
      0
      For example, the drummer broke. But is there a trophy AK ..... do you have to continue? Broken, damaged return spring, etc. and there is a donor machine, for example with a broken butt or something else. In general, in this case, when you are in a fever, and your hands know what to do, it is easier and better when you are in a fever and do not know what to do.
      1. saygon66
        saygon66 12 June 2020 16: 35 New
        +2
        -Really ... Donor machines will be evenly scattered across the position ...
        - If there is an opportunity to change weapons - it is better to use it.
        - It’s not in vain that there is a training weapon for training assembling and disassembling ... Incorrectly assembled shutter frames, gas tubes, receiver covers are bent in place ... They break the flags on gas tubes, bending them off no matter what ... The foreman’s nightmare .. .
  7. bubalik
    bubalik 10 June 2020 22: 19 New
    +7
    ,,, the Nazis surrounded me, and this time in 8 seconds I took apart my AK-74, and in 16 seconds I assembled it. laughing
    They are: "Ohhh, das ist gut, ohhh," and they let me go, they also shook hands. wassat
    ,,, knowledge of the device and the ability to repair the machine is in no way connected with the speed of its disassembly-assembly.
    1. Tuzik
      Tuzik 11 June 2020 04: 30 New
      +1
      Presented this picture, rolled under the sofa laughing good
  8. Gate68
    Gate68 10 June 2020 22: 37 New
    +1
    On NVP at school disassembly 14s. Build 21s.
  9. sergo1914
    sergo1914 10 June 2020 22: 48 New
    +1
    A gas pipe in the Soviet era, like, was called a gas pipe? No? Has the concept changed or not in Feng Shui under capitalism the old terminology?
    1. dvina71
      dvina71 10 June 2020 23: 19 New
      +1
      Quote: sergo1914
      The gas pipe in Soviet times, like, was called a gas pipe

      What did it become gas vent? This is part of the gas mechanism .. in it the gases act on the piston and recharge is performed .. The tube has always been gas, it does not discharge anything.
      1. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 11 June 2020 03: 53 New
        +2
        During my service with '99 they called a gas pipe - a gas pipe. Since then, "hollowed into the head."
        Is it possible that when the AKM-74 is not completely disassembled, the muzzle brake of the compensator is not shot? Incomplete disassembly involves the development of skills for servicing the machine: cleaning the bore, cleaning the gas piston from soot, lubricating (wiping) the mechanism.
        1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
          Kote Pan Kokhanka 11 June 2020 11: 24 New
          0
          Quote: Lynx2000
          During my service with '99 they called a gas pipe - a gas pipe. Since then, "hollowed into the head."
          Is it possible that when the AKM-74 is not completely disassembled, the muzzle brake of the compensator is not shot? Incomplete disassembly involves the development of skills for servicing the machine: cleaning the bore, cleaning the gas piston from soot, lubricating (wiping) the mechanism.

          This is a requirement for the AKS-74U!
    2. sgapich
      sgapich 10 June 2020 23: 29 New
      +1
      Quote: sergo1914
      A gas pipe in the Soviet era, like, was called a gas pipe? No? Has the concept changed or not in Feng Shui under capitalism the old terminology?

      Photo from the manual on the shooting case for the 7,62 mm modernized Kalashnikov assault rifle (AKM and AKMS):

      Third edition, revised and supplemented
      Military Publishing House of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR, Moscow, 1967
      (in paper form, unfortunately, I have no other) hi
  10. Ingenegr
    Ingenegr 11 June 2020 00: 21 New
    +4
    The tricky guy from KK, when disassembling and assembling, removed the pencil case and ramrod AK-74, and did not do this with the AK-12. And there the AK-12 has firewood ...
    The statement that “quickly disassembling / assembling weapons is“ meaningless ”will be left to the conscience of the court“ fighter ”. I recall only that the elimination of a number of delays still requires partial disassembly of the weapon. After that, it seems necessary to collect it too.
    And it will be even more interesting if you delve into the actions of reconnaissance or SN groups. Do they clean weapons in raids? Cleaned, certainly. At the same time, only one third of the group conducts cleaning at once, the rest are guarded in case of an unexpected exit of the enemy to the place of the group’s base. And if such an exit takes place ... Precisely, the assembly time of weapons, supplies and property will become a very important factor increasing the chances of a successful separation from the enemy.
    So the action movie from KK is cunning. Or he’s not one of the militants at all.
  11. Revolver
    Revolver 11 June 2020 00: 31 New
    +2
    In the 9th grade, the military instructor (sorry I don’t remember the name, Air Force captain Valentin Vasilievich, between us shkolota, but not in the eye, the clicker ValVas) showed those who went to the school shooting section, the technique that takes about seconds, so those few who understood and mastered (including myself) scattered AKM in 5 seconds (probably less, you need to add the reaction time of the brow on the stopwatch).
    In the 10th grade, it just so happened, moved to another school. There they suddenly decided to arrange tests for disassembly-assembly. I have shown it; everyone, including the military commander, was fucked up.
    And three years later, at the military department, I tried this technique and skinned my hands with blood, although I did it anyway. The difference is completely disintegrated machines with shrunken springs in schools, and quite combat-ready at the institute.
  12. mmaxx
    mmaxx 11 June 2020 05: 47 New
    +1
    Something I strongly doubt that a normal combat machine will figure it out so quickly. So you can’t turn one flag with your bare hands.
    Or people have very strong fingers with very thick skin.
    Pupils also boast that they take it apart in 10 seconds. Also disassembled. Loose AK.
    The reality was different wink
  13. Andrey VOV
    Andrey VOV 11 June 2020 09: 17 New
    +1
    Of course it’s spectacular. But he doesn’t pull out the pencil case! And in Soviet school days our military instructor, nickname “Samos” liked to arrange a combination for us .. the gases team and disassembling the machine assembly ... it was fun .. the girls with us were pretty skillful with that too coped .. besides one small thin reed of an excellent pupil .. when she stroked the ramrod into the barrel, she put a little heart attack a little heart attack)))) well, in practice, you’ll figure it out with just the right arrangement, clean it up properly, collect it))))))
  14. Oslyabya
    Oslyabya 11 June 2020 10: 50 New
    0
    Quote: mmaxx
    Something I strongly doubt that a normal combat machine will figure it out so quickly. So you can’t turn one flag with your bare hands.

    100%
    you have to turn the neckline in the pencil case))
    1. mmaxx
      mmaxx 11 June 2020 18: 04 New
      0
      So ramrod as you can’t shoot on the video. On a training machine, he flies out with a blow of his hand, and on a combat machine one has to dig deeper. And even the giblets are pulled out not to say that it’s so simple.
  15. tolancop
    tolancop 11 June 2020 13: 44 New
    0
    "... Incomplete disassembly is carried out as part of the normal operation of automatic weapons. Even if the machine was not used, it is taken out every three days for cleaning and lubrication ...."
    Oh really ?! WHAT FOR???. In the field, I can still understand dust, moisture, etc., but if not in the field, then why ..... He served in the SA in the 80s. Assault rifles stood in arms in closets for months without movement ... They were not needed and there was nothing to touch them in vain. Once every six months before the drill review, cleaning and lubrication and all. Or if the inspector is expected .... But once every 3 days? IMHO, some kind of nonsense. Once again, disassemble weapons without extreme need, they will still break or lose something .... Does the commander need it? ...
    1. mmaxx
      mmaxx 11 June 2020 18: 05 New
      0
      After firing, soot leaves for a long time. If a weapon is fired, it is better to clean more often.
    2. Aag
      Aag 11 June 2020 21: 06 New
      0
      As it was, and as it should be, I agree, there is a difference. But there is no need to invent, optimize. Everything has been spelled out for a long time, determined (I hope it hasn’t changed in 20 years). Armed Forces of Armed Forces, Manual on a small business. Based on them requirements in each part a typical week’s plan is drawn up, regular weapon inspection schedules, etc. etc. It follows from them (EMNIP) that weapons (small arms) are cleaned weekly as part of the unit. In addition, before entering the guard, after firing, TK (tactical exercises), TU (tactical exercises), by decision commander ....
  16. Vasily
    Vasily 11 June 2020 20: 47 New
    +1
    The feeling is that the author suffers from graphomania. Just to write something. It is a pity those three minutes spent reading. It is a pity that before the text of articles there is no counter of positive (separately) and negative (separately) reviews. And if the author appears, then only at the end, but it would be better at the beginning. Opus some even begin to read there is no desire.
    1. Aag
      Aag 11 June 2020 21: 23 New
      +1
      There are similar thoughts ... Often the title of the article does not live up to expectations.
      Or maybe the task of the authors to provoke a discussion? Sometimes they succeed.
      I admit, to me, sometimes, comments are more interesting. It is a pity, but sometimes commentators slide down from the topic into the area of ​​"who are you?" It is funny ...
  17. Lynx2000
    Lynx2000 11 June 2020 22: 46 New
    0
    The main machine gun in the AKM-74 army with polymer handguard, gas lining and folding stock.
    Landing AKS-74 and AKM-74 have a bar on the left side of the receiver for mounting PSO, PNV.
    All these models are used with the DTC, and on the video I did not see its removal (or oversight).
    1. About 2
      About 2 2 September 2020 02: 54 New
      0
      The AKM assault rifle has no digital designation, learn the materiel.
      1. Lynx2000
        Lynx2000 5 September 2020 14: 41 New
        0
        Quote: Approximately 2
        The AKM assault rifle has no digital designation, learn the materiel.

        Justify ?!
        AK model '74 upgraded to 5,45 cartridge
        AK '74 model Upgraded in '91 has a polymer folding stock, forend, overlay on the gas pipe, as well as a bracket for mounted optics on the left side of the receiver ...
        1. About 2
          About 2 5 September 2020 16: 12 New
          0
          Dear "expert", the AKM assault rifle is a modernized version of the first AK assault rifle of the 1947 model, but what you call AKM ohm is correctly called AK 74 M
          1. Lynx2000
            Lynx2000 6 September 2020 03: 46 New
            0

            As taught, I write ...
            Firstly, he did not position himself as an "expert".
            Second, contradict yourself. Does the '74 AK have a modernized digital designation or not ?!
            1. About 2
              About 2 6 September 2020 05: 46 New
              0
              For you, as a person who is hard to understand, I say that there are no AKM 74 submachine guns in nature, but there are two models AKM and AK 74M, do not smoke anymore, you think badly.
              1. Lynx2000
                Lynx2000 6 September 2020 14: 01 New
                0
                Quote: Approximately 2
                For you, as a person who is hard to understand, I say that there are no AKM 74 submachine guns in nature, but there are two models AKM and AK 74M, do not smoke anymore, you think badly.

                I called AK-74M AKM indicating 74, because during my service (it was 20 years ago) I was simply called AKM or Kalash. The bottom line is what the AK-74M meant.
                For AK-47 or AKM as such, he did not say anything.
                PS We are not familiar with you, but nevertheless I do not tell you what to smoke, and how to think ... Perhaps, due to your youth, you tend to draw self-confident and quick conclusions about an unfamiliar person.
  18. Ilya_Nsk
    Ilya_Nsk 13 June 2020 08: 00 New
    0
    Do you need to pull out the pencil case with tools from the stock?
  19. Recoil
    Recoil 16 June 2020 22: 51 New
    0
    is it "EXPERTS"?
    we have students in 11 seconds fit
    WHAT A DISGRACE
  20. Maximov Movie
    Maximov Movie 29 August 2020 18: 07 New
    0
    Why disassemble and collect Kalash at all? in battle, how is it useful? no one will disassemble and reassemble in battle
  21. About 2
    About 2 2 September 2020 02: 53 New
    0
    Radkevich is right! You have to be able to shoot, and competition for quick dismantling is stupid.