Moscow Metro during the Second World War: the largest maternity hospital and defense enterprise

Moscow Metro during the Second World War: the largest maternity hospital and defense enterprise

The Great Patriotic War is not only battles on the fronts, games of intelligence, unprecedented labor in the rear. This is also a number of areas of activity, which is associated with solving urgent problems. One of the tasks is to preserve the people, key control centers and command. And to solve such problems was necessary for that long period of time, while the enemy was on our land.


One of the pages of the military stories associated with the use of the Moscow Metro during the war period. Underground military everyday life is a whole complex of events that the subway employees connected to. The situation was complicated by the fact that many of them went to the front in the very first days of the war. And those who had the reservation of a subway worker also left. Left by volunteers.

In the subway during the bombing, people took refuge from the deadly rain of the Nazis. Work on the production and repair of military equipment for the needs of the front was carried out at factories and in the subway workshops.

In the fall of 1941, when the bombing of Moscow by the Nazis became the most intense, it was decided to organize the overnight stay of women with children in subway train cars.

An interesting fact: during the war years, the subway managed to become the largest maternity hospital in the country. In total, about 200 babies were born in the Moscow subway.

Additional security elements were created in the metro, right up to concrete partitions in the middle of the main halls of the stations. Such partitions provided the cancellation of the blast wave in the event of a heavy bomb.

Historian Alexander Popov for the Tactic Media channel tells about the Moscow Metro in the Second World War:

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  1. rocket757 29 May 2020 14: 48 New
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    An interesting fact: during the war years, the subway managed to become the largest maternity hospital in the country. In total, about 200 babies were born in the Moscow subway.

    Also an interesting fact.
    the capital lived, worked .... life went on.
    1. Terenin 29 May 2020 16: 37 New
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      Quote: rocket757
      An interesting fact: during the war years, the subway managed to become the largest maternity hospital in the country. In total, about 200 babies were born in the Moscow subway.

      Also an interesting fact.
      the capital lived, worked .... life went on.

      And this pearl of engineering - the Moscow metro, was originally built by our parents (recruited from the provinces).
      Thank you very much!
      1. Reptiloid 30 May 2020 18: 54 New
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        Quote: Terenin
        ...... And this pearl of engineering - the Moscow metro, was originally built by our parents (recruited from the provinces). Thank you very much!
        It is known that in the late 20s in Moscow there were huge traffic jams, the size of the entire city center. They wanted to change this. A huge construction required a lot of people, knowledge. We thought how to create it. Underground experience was only among the miners. They were invited.
    2. Reptiloid 30 May 2020 16: 55 New
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      Quote: rocket757
      .... Also an interesting fact.
      the capital lived, worked .... life went on.
      Good afternoon, Victor! hi About the hospital did not even imagine! Interesting show.
      I first saw the subway at 4,5 years old when I came to visit my grandmothers. Immediately fell in love with him for life. True, in the Moscow metro was not on all lines and stations. Last time was in Moscow 3 years ago
      1. rocket757 30 May 2020 18: 14 New
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        Hi Dmitry soldier
        We have built a beautiful metro everywhere.
        We must be proud of this.
        Moreover, it is necessary both in grief and in joy.
        1. Reptiloid 30 May 2020 18: 48 New
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          Once I drove along the entire Circle Line. Much later I learned that there were many images of Stalin's mosaic and sculptures as well. Destroyed all of them during the corn. But there were reports that missed. I don’t know where, really.
          If under Stalin the Metro was built like palaces, even with the attributes of ancient temples, then under the Khrushchev the so-called struggle against architectural excesses began. Steel stations are standard, simplified
          1. rocket757 30 May 2020 18: 58 New
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            It is difficult now to evaluate accurately everything that was done by the previous leaders. They tried too much to distort our history, everyone who had come back.
            1. Reptiloid 30 May 2020 20: 58 New
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              Quote: rocket757
              It is difficult now to evaluate accurately everything that was done by the previous leaders. They tried too much to distort our history, everyone who had come back.
              yes, Victor! Hard! Since many Soviet projects, in which both money and labor of millions of Soviet people were invested, were later destroyed, equated to 00000, subsequent destroyers
              1. rocket757 30 May 2020 21: 18 New
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                A change of elites never goes without consequences anywhere.
                1. Reptiloid 31 May 2020 09: 09 New
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                  Good morning Victor! hi I want to add ---- many Soviet poets wrote poetry about the metro.
                  And I remembered the cartoon ---Old record !!!! there is a song by Utesov. Words are
                  I forged you with iron horseshoes!
                  I covered the spill with pure varnish!
                  But the Metro flashed with oak railing,
                  Immediately all he seduced riders.

                  Well, how does it just work out,
                  Everything in life got messed up cunningly:
                  To harbor you, I set off in the morning
                  From Sokolniki to the park by metro.
                  1. rocket757 31 May 2020 09: 22 New
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                    Hi Dmitry soldier
                    Time passes, life changes.
                    We just follow our own path ... earlier on the span, and now in different ways, who like.
          2. Joker62 31 May 2020 11: 03 New
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            Because Nikita Khrushchev himself is illiterate, he only loved himself and groomed, well, he also fed him handouts from his entourage. He didn’t give a damn about beauty and pride like the Metro (at least everywhere, in a big metropolis), if only he praised him as Stalin! But no, the people simply didn’t forgive him, and now he didn’t forgive him for the scolded honor of the Leader of the Peoples of the Union! I myself live in Novosibirsk, and every time I look at the Metro, how great art is architecture, engineering, innovation. Each station is beautiful and nowhere else; you will not find doubles in our immense Mother Russia. No wonder foreign tourists silently envy us for beauty like the Metro!
  2. You will need to look after work. I love such programs.
  3. knn54 29 May 2020 16: 34 New
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    Today, the Moscow metro is the "Brotherhood of the Rings."
  4. Alien From 31 May 2020 10: 47 New
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    Thanks to the author!) Interesting!