Icebreaking fleet of Russia: when there really are no analogues in the world


On May 26, at the Baltiysky Zavod in St. Petersburg, the next universal icebreaker of Project 22220, Yakutia, was laid down. This is the fourth ship of this project and the third in it, with serial status. However, the expected replenishment of the icebreaker fleet Russia alone is not limited to nuclear powered ships.


Project 22220 is the brainchild of the domestic corporation Rosatom. The customer of the ships belonging to it (there should be five of them in all), is the Atomflot FSUE that is part of this state structure. The first of them, the Arctic, was laid at the Baltic Plant in 2013, launched in 2016.

Now it is undergoing sea trials and should be commissioned very soon. The first serial ship of the project, Siberia, laid down in 2014, was launched in 2017, the second, the Urals, after being laid in 2016, was launched last year. Now this family will be supplemented by Yakutia.

Icebreaking fleet of Russia: when there really are no analogues in the world
Photo: Rosatomflot


Universal icebreakers of this project are ships that have no analogues in the world. This phrase filled my edge, but in this case, everything is just as applicable, perhaps, to the entire icebreaking fleet. In any case, according to domestic shipbuilders, not a single state can boast of anything like this. More than impressive parameters (displacement of 33 and a half thousand tons, length of more than 173 m and width of 34 meters, two powerful nuclear reactors "Rhythm" of 175 MW each) will allow the latest nuclear-powered vessels to overcome ice up to 3 meters thick, thereby providing navigation along the North sea ​​route even in the harshest time of the year. In fact, the possession of such an icebreaking group will put Russia out of competition in these latitudes.

Non-nuclear link


Of course, one cannot fail to mention the non-nuclear icebreaking ships that are being built and have already begun to enter the Russian fleet. First of all, it is the project 23550 diesel-electric universal patrol ships. The first of them, “Ivan Papanin”, launched in 2017, was launched last year and should be handed over to military sailors in 2023. A year later, they plan to get a second ship of the same class, Nikolai Zubov, which was laid in 2019. These ships, of course, do not have such impressive parameters as nuclear-powered ships, but each of them will carry Caliber launchers that are guaranteed to deal with any potential enemy.

Also, the project 21180 diesel-electric icebreakers will become reliable assistants to the guards of our northern borders. They do not have any formidable missiles, but they have a helipad, a universal boat and equipment necessary for search and rescue and emergency recovery operations, and supply of Red Banner Northern Fleet warships Russia, by the order of which they are designed and created. The first such ship. “Ilya Muromets”, has already been serving since 2017, the second, “Evpatiy Kolovrat”, has been under construction since 2018.

In conclusion, I would like to add that the project 10510 - "Leader" is next in turn for domestic designers and shipbuilders. This is another line of nuclear powered ships for the Northern Sea Route, even more impressive than those being built today. The length of more than 200 meters and a width of 47 meters, two nuclear reactors of 315 MW each - these characteristics will really make them the undisputed leaders in the Arctic waters. According to reports, to date, a contract for the construction of the first such icebreaker between the shipyard Zvezda and Atomflot has already been signed. We are waiting for a message about the bookmark.
Author:
Photos used:
Wikipedia / nuclear icebreaker "Arktika" (project), Federal State Unitary Enterprise Rosatomflot
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  1. Break through 29 May 2020 09: 37 New
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    The Arctic must be mastered. Icebreakers are needed.
    1. unaha 29 May 2020 09: 52 New
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      Yes, but why again about "there are no analogues in the world" if icebreakers are trite to nobody but us?
      1. Russobel 29 May 2020 10: 02 New
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        Well, why so, it’s like the Americans got busted, and the Swedes of Canada just get stuck ... laughing
      2. Hunter 2 29 May 2020 10: 04 New
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        Quote: unaha
        Yes, but why again about "there are no analogues in the world" if icebreakers are trite to nobody but us?

        Too lazy to list ... just open the map or look at the globe ... be surprised how many states of the Arctic zone, and how many people who want to get into the Arctic - even not related to it. Now, even the Chinese are concerned about the construction of the Icebreaking Fleet!
        1. unaha 29 May 2020 10: 18 New
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          To list them for a short time - the USA and Canada, which began to fuss solely in response to our actions (mainly defense, since transport and raw materials are still in a hypothetical area). Until recently, they did not care about icebreakers.
          Here are the Chinese - yes, there is money, they climb everywhere and they are more likely about raw materials and some other goodies.
          1. Hunter 2 29 May 2020 10: 34 New
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            Quote: unaha
            To list them for a short time - the USA and Canada, which began to fuss solely in response to our actions (mainly defense, since transport and raw materials are still in a hypothetical area). Until recently, they did not care about icebreakers.
            Here are the Chinese - yes, there is money, they climb everywhere and they are more likely about raw materials and some other goodies.

            What a strange globe you have! And Denmark and Norway, where did he go from him?
            And are the states located next to the Arctic zone aimed at harvesting biological resources? By the way, the volume of these bioresources has not yet been established, but all Experts repeat as a mantra that it is simply Colossal! Notice I'm not talking about oil and gas right now ... but corny about Food!
            1. unaha 29 May 2020 10: 48 New
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              The globe is standard))) But I don’t remember any special claims (except of course my share of territories) in other Arctic countries. And immediately, developing Arctic resources also does not seem to be torn.
              The extraction of bioresources with an icebreaker ... I'm afraid to imagine the cost ...
              However, I may be wrong)
            2. unaha 29 May 2020 12: 24 New
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              Let's see the number of icebreakers by country (including ice class tugs):
              RF 37 and some in the project
              Sweden 7, new not planned
              Finland 7, new not planned
              Canada 6, 1 planned
              US 5, 1 planned
              Denmark 4, new not planned
              all others 1.
              Racing icebreakers do not watch.
              1. Deck 4 June 2020 20: 26 New
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                Other countries are building more useful vessels: container ships, ro-ro, ferries, bulk carriers. Which of the above has been built in our country over the past 30 years? And this is the basis of the modern merchant fleet. They do not build nuclear because they can make diesel, and because it is very expensive operation. About 5 years ago, as far as I know, the Arctic freight in the Baltic cost Rosmorport 260 million a month
        2. Ross xnumx 29 May 2020 10: 47 New
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          Quote: Hunter 2
          just open the map or take a look at the globe ...

          I always wondered why the equator did not go like this:
          1. Motorist 29 May 2020 15: 43 New
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            It would be hot in Leningrad, but the rains would not decrease ... smile
      3. Ros 56 29 May 2020 10: 54 New
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        Are you serious? Oh well.
      4. krops777 29 May 2020 12: 34 New
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        Yes, but why again about "there are no analogues in the world" if icebreakers are trite to nobody but us?


        Make a mistake, comrade, the battle for the Arctic is just beginning, very soon the line will reach the military icebreakers.
        1. neri73-r 29 May 2020 13: 38 New
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          Quote: krops777
          very soon and the turn will reach the military icebreakers.

          They are all, one might say, military. Weapons are stored and mothballed ashore until special order. Seats on icebreakers for weapons reserved. By the way, it will be the same with Caliber. Until wartime, they will wait on the shore, which is why they just drag them around in the Arctic.
          1. neri73-r 29 May 2020 13: 51 New
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            Minus one, open the Internet. Soviet and Russian icebreakers dual-purpose ships!
            1. Motorist 29 May 2020 15: 51 New
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              With us, all ships were sharpened for wartime. My inquisitive comrade in practice in the BMP was interested in: "But what is there something incomprehensible in the diagram?" The answer of the old man: "Do not pay attention, this is the military ..."
              1. neri73-r 29 May 2020 17: 23 New
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                Quote: Motorist
                With us, all ships were sharpened for wartime.

                Yes, like Aeroflot, as a reserve for the Air Force of the USSR Air Force, are subtracted, but for each civilian vessel they didn’t specially stock weapons at the bases.
            2. lis-ik 29 May 2020 19: 05 New
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              Quote: neri73-r
              Minus one, open the Internet. Soviet and Russian icebreakers dual-purpose ships!

              Not all. For example, Yamal constructively no longer had armament platforms, although dual use was nevertheless foreseen.
        2. Brturin 29 May 2020 18: 42 New
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          Quote: krops777
          comrade, the battle for the Arctic is just beginning

          The Arctic, of course, but Antarctica should not be discounted ...
      5. Motorist 29 May 2020 15: 38 New
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        why ... if icebreakers are trite to nobody but us?

        Well, yes, "it would be better if they handed out to pensioners!" lol
      6. Vyacheslav Citizen 8 June 2020 07: 31 New
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        Do you even know what ARCTIC means? At least take a look. Chinese cards))) Which are founded, collected, previously from all)))
    2. NDR-791 29 May 2020 09: 55 New
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      These rates are encouraging. And this amount in some way explains the lack of "global warming" about which all our ears buzzed. So we have accurate forecasts for the distant future and normal analytics. And ... probably because Rosatom is not Rogozin
    3. Hunter 2 29 May 2020 09: 57 New
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      They are not just needed, but vital! Most of the Northern Sea Route lies in our economic zone !!! Yes, and most of the hydrocarbons are in the Arctic! Future generations Work Secured ... and Earnings respectively!
      Quote: Break through
      The Arctic must be mastered. Icebreakers are needed.
    4. iouris 29 May 2020 18: 39 New
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      Tselina "mastered." And where is Tselin? This is a diagram.
  2. Free wind 29 May 2020 09: 59 New
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    Icebreakers, gas and oil to transport to Japan, Korea, China. Nobody will go along the northern path in the world. Trade with Europe is not so huge. The Chinese, Koreans, saturate Africa with their goods, America, India. The Japanese drive cars to India, they are also right-handed. And in the world there are no analogues, so nobody needs them. Amers have one or 2, so they climb on it only in the ice of Antarctica. In Antarctica, nuclear vessels are prohibited. But these loans will not affect warming in any way? So leave behind huge canals, with water at about 0 degrees, grinding the arctic window. Moreover, even skeptics understand that the warming is going on, and does a lot of harm in our country. They show Moscow should be flooded, almost a tropical typhoon.
  3. serg2108 29 May 2020 10: 00 New
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    Well, at least in this direction our country goes ahead of the rest - the truth is due to its geographical location. It may be related to such vessels as anything, but personally my opinion is that this class of vessels should be increased in quantity by 2 times at least, the development of the North and adjacent territories strategically important task for our state! (IMHO)
  4. knn54 29 May 2020 10: 04 New
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    Diesel-electric ships have high requirements for fuel quality. Range limitations due to the difficulty of refueling in the Arctic region make Project 21180 icebreakers less practical and economical.
    Given that the maximum ice thickness for such vessels is not more than 1,7 m, they cannot be exploited, for example, in the central part of the Arctic, where the ice thickness is from 2 to 2,5 m.
    And sediment does not allow effective work at the estuary.
    Are three projects really enough?
    1. Coward 29 May 2020 10: 25 New
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      It is with what joy that diesel electric ships have high requirements for fuel quality? Conventional naval fuel oil or FCM plus a fuel preparation station.
      1. knn54 29 May 2020 10: 56 New
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        Sergey, forget about the NORMAL naval fuel oil; in 2015, new environmental standards for marine fuel came into force.
        There will be new toughening this year.
        1. Coward 29 May 2020 11: 09 New
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          Good, but TSM has not been canceled and it has never been of high quality. It’s just like in the last century: a slop tank, a supply tank, and now fuel treatment stations have appeared, and before that, the people were outraged by the installation of Narva filters. And by the way, "new environmental standards have come into force" are you talking about the sulfur content in the exhaust gases? If so, they have already been circumvented by installing “scrubbers”.
      2. Motorist 29 May 2020 15: 58 New
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        Conventional naval fuel oil or TCM

        You are right, but the Polar Code prohibits the use (and even carry) of heavy fuel. request
        1. Coward 29 May 2020 16: 25 New
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          And how long? And then last year, our reef went to Arkhangelsk with fish, and, as usual, FCM and fuel oil were bunkered.
          1. Motorist 29 May 2020 17: 43 New
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            The Code itself has been in force since January 1, 2017. HFOs in the Antarctic have been banned for a long time by MARPOL, but not in the Arctic (again, your truth): "Ships are encouraged to not have on board and not to use heavy liquid fuel in the Arctic." But, I think the ban is just around the corner.
            1. Coward 29 May 2020 18: 28 New
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              Hardly banned. Too many ships run on heavy fuel, including those flying the Russian flag. Ours will resist to the last. Or they will make an entry “for ships the keel of which is laid or the contract for the construction of which is concluded on ...... date and later.”
              1. Motorist 29 May 2020 19: 03 New
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                Time will tell. In my century, IMO has not made a single law in favor of sailors or a shipowner (at least I don’t remember).
  5. Avior 29 May 2020 10: 26 New
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    Have you really broken up with icebreakers?
    While commercial use of the Northern Sea Route is not visible, there is still a limited need for icebreakers to ensure northern delivery and service operations in the North.
    1. Nyrobsky 29 May 2020 10: 39 New
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      Quote: Avior
      Have you really broken up with icebreakers?

      Fine. But then no one will angrily ask, “And before what did you think?”
      1. Avior 29 May 2020 10: 50 New
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        The Chinese can afford to build icebreakers with unclear prospects of passage to the Arctic, since the Bering Strait is divided between the territorial waters of the Russian Federation and the USA, but Russia can find another use for this money, a lot needs to be built
        1. Coward 29 May 2020 10: 55 New
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          “Find another use for this money”
          Retire to distribute.
        2. Nyrobsky 29 May 2020 11: 14 New
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          Quote: Avior
          The Chinese can afford to build icebreakers with unclear prospects of passage to the Arctic, since the Bering Strait is divided between the territorial waters of the Russian Federation and the USA

          Everything is done for the future. Recently, the government approved a plan for the construction of two railway lines - BelKomUr from Perm, through Komi to Arkhangelsk, with a branch from Belkomur through the junction of the station. Mikun to Ukhta and Naryan-Mar, where port infrastructure will be built, to which cargo flows will subsequently be redirected, transshipment of which goes along the BAM, in which China is very interested and also wants to invest in the construction of these two railway sections, because the transshipment Cargo on this route will reduce delivery time to Europe from 2 weeks to a month. The Chinese have already visited Perm, Syktyvkar and Arkhangelsk to ventilate the situation and offer their services to participate in the implementation of the project. Well, for the normal functioning of these ports, new icebreakers will be a good help.
          Quote: Avior
          but Russia can find another use for this money, a lot of things need to be built
          Is improving the infrastructure of the North really a bad investment? North is our land! Infrastructure development will probably stop the outflow of people from these territories and contribute to the fact that people will again reach there. hi
    2. Free wind 29 May 2020 11: 24 New
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      For the northern delivery, the icebreakers Lenin and the Arctic were enough, you need to use the summer navigation correctly. And now there is an icebreaker followed by one gas carrier or tanker. Previously, caravans traveled 5-10 ships. And yesterday, the news showed that Putin allocated 240 billion rubles to support Rosneft. There are no such businessmen, oil brings profit all over the world, and we have losses.
    3. Alexey Sommer 29 May 2020 11: 32 New
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      Quote: Avior
      Have you really broken up with icebreakers?

      Not much, because the Star concluded contracts for +39 super gas carriers of the ice class up to 27 years seem. Promising portfolio up to 35 years 178 ships.
      Although they are ice, they also need to be carried out by someone.
      By the way, there will be three Leaders of Project 10510 and three some kind of small-sitting icebreakers on Star.
  6. really 29 May 2020 10: 51 New
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    Well, indeed, the author told a story, forgot to add that only Russia has so much ice, and most countries do not need icebreakers
  7. ALARI 29 May 2020 11: 52 New
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    And the Arctic is being tested on five or six electric motors. There, like on one winding burned out? Already fixed?
  8. Stirbjorn 29 May 2020 11: 55 New
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    The first of them, the Arctic, was laid at the Baltic Plant in 2013, launched in 2016.
    The article would be in place if the "Arctic" were accepted in May, as planned. And now, with a breakdown of the engine, everything with this series is not clear at all and when they will become operational. So there’s nothing to rejoice about yet ... between the bookmark and the commissioning, as practice shows, there is a big difference
  9. Paranoid50 29 May 2020 13: 12 New
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    As the saying goes, to the heap: For almost two years now, two brand-new, same-type “dancing” icebreakers — Alexander Sannikov and Andrey Vilkitsky of the Aker Arc 130A project (IBSV01) have been working in the Arctic. Both without noise and dust were built at the Vyborg Shipyard and transferred to the customer.
  10. magadan72 29 May 2020 14: 05 New
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    Building nuclear and conventional icebreakers is certainly great! But transport vessels are not enough and, most importantly, the conditions for their replenishment are not visible. The trick like with the crabs and trawlers will not work here.!
    Well, there are no favorable quotas for transportation, as for fishing for crab and fish! Not that "exhaust", and there are no secretive gray schemes of product sales. They build with us a little, slowly and wildly expensive ... Although they still build!
    I also like information about the bookmark on the Far Eastern "Star" of the atomic super icebreaker.
    How will management push the construction of important parts in South Korea ??? There is information on the Internet that the stern with pilothouse, living quarters, engine room and pump station was delivered assembled in a dock from South Korea. I would like the leadership of the country to think ...
    1. Coward 29 May 2020 16: 29 New
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      It is interesting when they say that the Japanese are building ships from the block sections assembled in China - this is supposedly the best practice. When the same thing happens in Germany and Finland, they also admire the insight of the business. And as ours went along this path, at once aaaa propalipolymers.