Military Review

Augusto Pinochet: Captain-General and Dictator

65
Augusto Pinochet: Captain-General and Dictator

30 years ago in Chile, something that seemed unthinkable to many happened: Augusto Pinochet resigned as president (actually an omnipotent dictator who single-handedly ruled the country). Moreover, for many years he remained the commander in chief and the owner of the highest military rank, as well as inviolable status. However, this was the beginning of the end of an era associated with a person whose name appeared to be inscribed in Chilean and world history blood.


I must say that his native of far from aristocratic circles of Chilean society began his career and built according to the most classical canons: four years of an ordinary infantry school, rank of junior lieutenant, service in line units, studies at the Higher Military Academy, teaching work in military schools and again the most ordinary service as regiment commander. Also on his account was the work in the Chilean military mission in Ecuador and the headquarters of several divisions.

Before the first truly high rank (brigadier general) and the command of the division, Pinochet "trumpeted" for more than 30 years. Age 63 years - one could already think about a decent pension. However, at this time, the general went beyond purely army service and became an already political figure - the military governor of the province of Tarapaca. Three years later, the Government of National Unity, led by Salvador Allende, makes a fatal mistake - Pinochet is appointed commander of the garrison of Santiago.

Absolutely not paying attention to the fact that the general in his previously written literary works on the topics of geopolitics was enthusiastic about Hitler and generally held extreme right views, Allende, who firmly believed that Pinochet had “the most loyal general,” continued to promote his future executioner: he becomes first the chief of the General Staff of the ground forces, and then their commander in chief. After that, on September 11, 1973, a military coup takes place in Chile, just organized by Pinochet.

However, it has long been proven that the United States, playing with the hands of the CIA and other similar structures, played a significant role in those bloody events and the further radical change in the country's political and socio-economic course. The shortsightedness of Allende and his comrades cost him his own life, as well as the tens of thousands of Chileans who became victims of a brutal dictatorial regime that cracked down on its opponents both domestically and abroad. The exact number of deaths during the years of Pinochet’s reign has not been established to this day.

From late 1973 to 1981, Pinochet was chairman of the military junta, formed immediately after the coup. True, the rest of its participants somehow very quickly left - some from power, and some from life. From 1974 to 1990, he was also the President of Chile (at first "temporary", and since 1981 - "constitutional", that is, as it were legitimate). And along with the commander-in-chief of the armed forces, Pinochet held this position for the longest time, until 1998. It was then that he became captain-general.

By the way, there is no "exotic" in this title and close. In European armies, it appeared in the XIV-XVI centuries, being the highest military rank, in contrast to the rank of Generalissimo, assigned, as a rule, to representatives of the crowned dynasties. What is characteristic, the title of captain general was awarded to the conquerors of Latin America: Hernan Cortes and Francisco Pizarro. It was generally distributed in Spain and its colonies. The captain-generals were most of the Spanish kings (including the present) and dictator Francisco Franco. He went in his vanity and further, becoming a generalissimo. Pinochet, with all his admiration for the caudillo, endlessly close in spirit, ideas and methods, had a sense of proportion to stop at the captain-general.

At the time of Pinochet’s death (in 2006), he was stripped of all his status as a statesman and legal inviolability and was charged with many grave crimes. Nevertheless, no one took away the high rank and the right to a funeral with military honors from him.
Author:
Photos used:
Wikipedia / Pinochet's funeral
65 comments
Information
Dear reader, to leave comments on the publication, you must to register.

I have an account? Sign in

  1. Vladimir_2U
    Vladimir_2U 29 May 2020 05: 17 New
    -3
    United States, operated by the CIA and other similar entities

    I don’t know how close to reality such a version is that it was the experiment on automated control of the economy of Chile with the help of computers that made the United States inspire a coup, but there is such a version.
    1. Cartalon
      Cartalon 29 May 2020 06: 20 New
      0
      As far as I remember, the Tsruushniki did not know about the coup, they were asked for some kind of support, and they didn’t think of anything better than to send small arms that the military clearly didn’t need, but I read it for a long time or rather heard it.
      1. nikvic46
        nikvic46 29 May 2020 06: 41 New
        +5
        Michael. You somewhat belittle the role of the CIA in Latin America. All coups were very much controlled by this organization.
        1. Cartalon
          Cartalon 29 May 2020 08: 55 New
          +4
          In Latin America, the military seized power even when there was no smell of the CIA, the seizure of power by the military was the norm there, and any democracy or not was important, an anomaly.
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 29 May 2020 07: 50 New
      +2
      Yes, there is such a version, I have repeatedly met the mention of it from different authors. Why not believe it? Are there any opposite versions?
      You can recall our Academician Glushkov, an article that he will replace the political bureau with a computer, as they tried to discredit him, his ideas in cybernetics, economics
      Quote: Vladimir_2U
      United States, operated by the CIA and other similar entities

      I don’t know how close to reality such a version is that it was the experiment on automated control of the economy of Chile with the help of computers that made the United States inspire a coup, but there is such a version.
  2. Free wind
    Free wind 29 May 2020 06: 25 New
    +6
    Неприятный тип конечно. Его слова " я всегда много врал, но глаза могли меня выдать, поэтому я ношу черные очки". Да и уровень производства 72 года в Чили был достигнут после ухода пиночета. Когда клюнул жареный петух, дело запахло тюрьмой, тщательно показывал свою немощь
    1. Sergey S.
      Sergey S. 29 May 2020 06: 47 New
      +1
      Quote: Free Wind
      And the level of production of 72 years in Chile was achieved after the departure of the pinochet.

      The historical process cannot be reversed with slogans and draconian laws.
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 29 May 2020 07: 17 New
      +3
      Quote: Free Wind
      Неприятный тип конечно. Его слова " я всегда много врал, но глаза могли меня выдать, поэтому я ношу черные очки"

      Traitor and bastard.

      But Allende himself turned out to be too trusting, weak leader, although he died with dignity
      Quote: Free Wind
      And the level of production of 72 years in Chile was achieved after the departure of the pinochet.

      GDP 1972-11 billion dollars
      1990 GDP - $ 33 billion

      today Chile is the MOST RICH and developed country in Latin America.
      Quote: Free Wind
      When the roasted cock pecked, the case smelled of prison, carefully showed its weakness

      Responsible for the killings to whom hunting ...
      1. Altona
        Altona 29 May 2020 08: 01 New
        +8
        Quote: Olgovich
        Traitor and bastard.

        ----------------------
        Вот с этим я, Андрей, полностью с вами согласен. Пиночет-это идейный кумир наших властных идеологов и их "оппозиционных" коллег. Наиболее яркий пример величественного компрадора, под шум фанфар и чеканку солдатских сапог продававший полезные ископаемые Чили, страна богата меднорудными месторождениями и сопутствующим сырьем- это драгметаллы конечно. Ну то, что это яркий тип фашиста, и говорить не стоит, даже армия Чили носит косплей формы вермахта.
        1. bubalik
          bubalik 29 May 2020 14: 36 New
          +5
          Well, the fact that this is a bright type of fascist is not worth talking about, even the Chilean army wears Wehrmacht cosplay.

          ,,, Chileans have been using the M35 stalhelm since 1937, and now these helmets are used exclusively with a parade uniform. The German form was adopted by the Chileans back in 1904 - at that time, Prussian officers had been engaged in the preparation and training of the Chilean army with might and main since 1886. German influence on the Chilean form increased even more after 1938, when the Chilean officer Teófilo Gómez served in the Wehrmacht under an exchange program under the command of Erwin Rommel - he later became a lieutenant general in Chile. Since then, Chileans have been using this particular type of uniform - now exclusively in parades.
      2. Deniska999
        Deniska999 29 May 2020 08: 21 New
        +4
        Yes, GDP grew, but at a great price — huge external debt (the most interesting thing was that it was only possible to reduce it ten years after Pinochet’s resignation), violation of sectoral proportions in favor of the extractive industries, weak wage growth, consumption of wealthy layers grew to the detriment of consumption of the lower quintiles high unemployment. IMHO, the ideas of Milton Friedman alone will not be alive. As always, it is necessary to combine both market and state methods of regulating the economy, and not send it into free swimming.
        1. The comment was deleted.
        2. Olgovich
          Olgovich 29 May 2020 10: 23 New
          -1
          Quote: Deniska999
          Yes, GDP grew, but at a great price — huge external debt (the most interesting thing was that it was only possible to reduce it ten years after Pinochet’s resignation), violation of sectoral proportions in favor of the extractive industries, weak wage growth, consumption of wealthy layers grew to the detriment of consumption of the lower quintiles high unemployment. IMHO, the ideas of Milton Friedman alone will not be alive. As always, it is necessary to combine both market and state methods of regulating the economy, and not send it into free swimming.

          today Chile is the MOST RICH and developed country in Latin America.
          1. Deniska999
            Deniska999 29 May 2020 11: 17 New
            +2
            Интересно, какова здесь заслуга Пиночета. Вот если смотреть на динамику ВВП по ППС, то явно видно, что скачок произошел во второй половине 90-х годов XX века. В конце концов, между "сейчас" и Пиночетом тридцать лет.
            1. Olgovich
              Olgovich 29 May 2020 12: 43 New
              0
              Quote: Deniska999
              Интересно, какова здесь заслуга Пиночета. Вот если смотреть на динамику ВВП по ППС, то явно видно, что скачок произошел во второй половине 90-х годов XX века. В конце концов, между "сейчас" и Пиночетом тридцать лет.

              President of the Russia-Chile Business Council (incidentally, a descendant of the conquistadors) Juan Miguel Ovalle-Garces
              ."Военное правительство Пиночета было необычным,
              There were enough military dictatorships in Latin America. But Pinochet launched the process of liberal reforms, the process of opening the economy to the outside world. And all democratic governments after Pinochet follow this very policy. And even strengthen it. Forty years we have an open liberal economy. Me did not like Pinochet's dictatorshipIt was a military regime that did not respect human rights and was not democratic. But we have to consider and appreciate two things: firstly, he opened the economy to the world, and secondly, he was the only dictator in the world who left of his own free will
              1. Deniska999
                Deniska999 29 May 2020 13: 30 New
                0
                Nope, common words won't work. Justify the numbers.
              2. Kronos
                Kronos 29 May 2020 22: 27 New
                -3
                This man does not know the history of Sulla in ancient Rome voluntarily resigned and left
                1. Deniska999
                  Deniska999 30 May 2020 23: 25 New
                  0
                  The dictatorship of Sulla is only a prologue to the soft principle of Pompey the Great and the dictatorship of Caesar, and through them to the republican monarchy of Augustus. Moreover, the reign of Sulla only exacerbated internal conflicts and became the forerunner of subsequent conflicts. What comparison is there? And it’s better to keep your reproaches to yourself.
                  1. Kronos
                    Kronos 30 May 2020 23: 30 New
                    -1
                    This was an example of a man who voluntarily dictated
        3. demo
          demo 30 May 2020 23: 03 New
          -1
          Yes, GDP has grown, but at a great price - a huge external debt (the most interesting thing is that it was possible to reduce it only ten years after Pinochet’s resignation), violation of sectoral proportions in favor of the extractive industries, weak wage growth, consumption of wealthy layers grew to the detriment of consumption of the lower quintiles, high unemployment.
          This is about which country, sorry dear, is it?
          Something reminded me, but I can’t remember.
      3. Hantengri
        Hantengri 29 May 2020 10: 01 New
        +5
        Quote: Olgovich
        GDP 1972-11 billion dollars
        1990 GDP - $ 33 billion

        There is no sadder story in the world than the story of Olgovich and statistics. lol
        Если уж Вы взялись сравнивать номинальный ВВП Чили за 1972 и 1990 гг, то не стоило забывать о том, что за этот период доллар обесценился "всего лишь" на 215,6%.
        Total we have: Chile’s GDP in 1990 (in 1972 prices) = $ 15,3 billion i.e. it can be said that
        Quote: Free Wind
        Chile's 72-year production level was achieved after the departure of the pinochet.
    3. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 29 May 2020 07: 58 New
      +1
      The article says that Allende did not doubt the general ..... And ours did not doubt. There were eyewitnesses who shortly before the coup visited Chile as part of a government delegation ....
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 30 May 2020 03: 05 New
        0
        Quote: Reptiloid
        The article says that Allende did not doubt the general ..... And ours did not doubt. There were eyewitnesses who shortly before the coup visited Chile as part of a government delegation ....

        And then protest rallies across the country were staged. As one noble milkmaid stated,
        "Я не знаю, кто такая эта Чиля и какого хунта ей надо, но если Луизу не отпустят с карнавала, я на утреннюю дойку не выйду!"
  3. Bagatur
    Bagatur 29 May 2020 06: 50 New
    +1
    Now Chile is the richest country in the Americas after the USA and Canada! This is also Pinochet’s legacy!
    1. Altona
      Altona 29 May 2020 08: 05 New
      +6
      Quote: bagatura
      This is also Pinochet’s legacy!

      --------------------------
      This is a combination of natural conditions and their use. In addition, the agricultural sector is highly developed in Chile. Well, if there are experts, they will say that Chilean wine, for example, is no worse, and sometimes even better than European wines. In addition, the agricultural sector, due to the fact that in the southern hemisphere is summer, when it is winter, exports fresh fruits and vegetables to the northern countries. Chilean and Argentinean grapes, for example, you see in supermarkets.
      1. Revolver
        Revolver 30 May 2020 03: 10 New
        -1
        Quote: Altona
        Chilean and Argentinean grapes, for example, you see in supermarkets.

        Wow, the Chilean fruits have already reached Russia! Did not know. And in America in winter, almost all fruits, except tropical, are Chilean. Argentineans are much smaller.
      2. Reptiloid
        Reptiloid 30 May 2020 06: 01 New
        -1
        Quote: Altona
        ..... there are experts, they will say that Chilean wine, for example, is no worse, and sometimes even better than European wines. In addition, the agricultural sector, due to the fact that in the southern hemisphere is summer, when it is winter, exports fresh fruits and vegetables to the northern countries. Chilean and Argentinean grapes, for example, you see in supermarkets.
        Yes Yes Yes. Wine connoisseur who buys them near our house good says Chilean and South Africa ---- the very thing !!
        Thinking about grapes Now, its price is equal to the price of fresh cucumbers .. .....
        1. Aviator_
          Aviator_ 30 May 2020 16: 21 New
          +2
          Насчёт ЮАРовского вина. По завершению конгресса в Претории по скоростной видеорегистрации (сентябрь 2012) , был банкет. Когда закончилось красное вино, весьма недурное, я попросил повторить, но было предложено пить белое. Оно оказалось вообще превосходным (фото хотел выставить, но оно осталось в рабочем компе). Это вино даже в "дьюти-фри" не нашёл
          1. Reptiloid
            Reptiloid 30 May 2020 16: 37 New
            -1
            hi I welcome you, Sergey! drinks I somehow liked the red wines of those countries.
            White of those countries did not try to try. Well, the geography of your travels can only be envied smile
            1. Aviator_
              Aviator_ 30 May 2020 16: 43 New
              +1
              Yes, the organization of this conference was the best. The poorer the country, the better the organization, I found such a pattern. And as for travel - so you still have everything ahead, I began to travel this way closer to 60 years.
              1. Reptiloid
                Reptiloid 30 May 2020 17: 00 New
                -1
                Your words, it’s good if they come true, Sergey.
                And past trips to Finland on business, I did not request I think
                1. Aviator_
                  Aviator_ 30 May 2020 17: 03 New
                  0
                  So I also go on business, sorry, this year everything fell through due to a virus.
    2. Slavutich
      Slavutich 29 May 2020 08: 44 New
      +4
      Not in terms of GDP per capita, especially, in general, Chile is not in third place.
      And Pinochet is a classic Latin American fascist.
  4. Krasnodar
    Krasnodar 29 May 2020 08: 28 New
    -9
    Only everyone forgets that Allende brought the country to a handle before the coup — economically and in terms of a split in society, brought them almost to the Civil War. I was 10 years old, I asked my father - what is there in Chile? They constantly show on TV
    - About 10 years ago they showed thin Chileans protesting against something. Now they are showing Chilean Tolstoys - but they are also protesting against something laughing
    Under Pinochet, Chile's economy became one of the most stable in Latin America
    1. AK1972
      AK1972 29 May 2020 12: 59 New
      +4
      And when I was about 5 years old, I was interested in Bati who are Begen and Sharon?
      1. Krasnodar
        Krasnodar 29 May 2020 13: 59 New
        +1
        So we are the same age as you laughing I am 1976, you are 1977 (+ 5 = 1982 = First Lebanese)
        1. AK1972
          AK1972 29 May 2020 14: 05 New
          +1
          My age is easy to calculate from a nickname.
          1. Krasnodar
            Krasnodar 29 May 2020 14: 06 New
            0
            In 1977, Begin just came to power. I did not know that this was covered in the Soviet press))
            1. AK1972
              AK1972 29 May 2020 14: 32 New
              +4
              In 1977 I already knew how to read, but I didn’t read the press for obvious reasons, but the TV coverage was very wide, and the names Begin and Sharon were presented as ardent militarists who were eager to unleash a war on BV, which subsequently happened.
              1. Krasnodar
                Krasnodar 29 May 2020 15: 11 New
                +1
                In 1977, the most militaristic act of Sharon and Begin was the negotiation process with Egypt, which ended with the return of Sinai and the signing of the Peace Treaty between the two countries. This was done under the patronage of the United States, on whose side the Egyptians went over in the mid-70s, which the USSR really did not like.
                If you mean the First Lebanon War of 1982, then it began thanks to Syria, as well as the Civil War in Lebanon. The Syrians there moved the militants of Arafat expelled from Jordan, who began to fight with local Christians, at the same time shooting in Israel. It all ended in an attempt on the Israeli ambassador in London, an increase in the intensity of the border Jewish n / a, and the expulsion of the PLO from Lebanon by the invading IDF.
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 30 May 2020 06: 14 New
      -1
      pretty country to handle .... economically ....
      Well, yes, products, goods, building materials are gone, lines are just like ours before the destruction of the USSR. .... and how then the USSR was destroyed, how shock therapy became and the prices jumped thousands of times in a short time ---- so everything magically appeared !!!!
  5. knn54
    knn54 29 May 2020 08: 34 New
    +2
    One acquaintance was a few years ago in Chile (now lives in Spain) and said that in some HE causes fierce hatred, in others - sincere delight.
    Regarding Chilean wine and champagne. Argentinean is no worse and cheaper.
    Просто не так "раскрученное".
    1. Altona
      Altona 29 May 2020 08: 47 New
      +2
      Quote: knn54
      Regarding Chilean wine and champagne. Argentinean is no worse and cheaper.
      Просто не так "раскрученное".

      -------------------------------------
      I would not say that it is much cheaper. You can talk about the agricultural sector, not only Chile, but also all of Latin America, Ecuador with its bananas, for example, or Brazil with coffee.
      1. Doliva63
        Doliva63 29 May 2020 19: 53 New
        0
        Quote: Altona
        Quote: knn54
        Regarding Chilean wine and champagne. Argentinean is no worse and cheaper.
        Просто не так "раскрученное".

        -------------------------------------
        I would not say that it is much cheaper. You can talk about the agricultural sector, not only Chile, but also all of Latin America, Ecuador with its bananas, for example, or Brazil with coffee.

        If, for example, compared with Chablis - of course, cheaper! drinks
    2. Reptiloid
      Reptiloid 30 May 2020 06: 25 New
      0
      Quote: knn54
      Один знакомый был несколько лет назад в Чили ( сейчас живет в Испании) и рассказывал ,что у одних ОН вызывает лютую ненависть, у других ― ИСКРЕННИЙ восторг. ...".
      just like we have the destroyers of the USSR. Most of them hate them. And who is enthusiastic --- mainly in his very narrow and very rich circle.
  6. Operator
    Operator 29 May 2020 10: 44 New
    -3
    Pinochet's military coup was forced by the policy of the socialist Allende to provoke political and economic chaos in Chile by supporting terrorist and anarchist leftist / Maoist organizations and nationalizing small owners. Chilean Communists (supported by the CPSU) were in the minority and could not oppose anything to this policy, as in Spain of the 1930s.

    Allende essentially unleashed a civil war in the country, which the military extinguished by force.
  7. Undecim
    Undecim 29 May 2020 12: 44 New
    +7
    four years of regular infantry school, rank of lieutenant
    After Escuela Militar in Santiago, in 1935, Pinochet received the title alférez. This is the lowest officer rank, about the same as the ensign. And he received the title of Sub-lieutenant four years later, in 1939.
    In general, the article is another campaign from Kharaluzhny. Without an analysis of the political and economic situation in Chile at the time Pinochet came to power, the article is about nothing.
  8. Kushka
    Kushka 29 May 2020 13: 47 New
    0
    It was also possible to hear such a position.
    The country really hung on the edge of the abyss.
    Pinochet announces that he takes everything into his own hands (!)
    Condition - all (absolutely all) go to their places
    and in the sweat of our face, at once we stretch out the country. Who will be
    buzz, arrange gatherings in the streets, will be punished.
    I said! Not the time! Did everyone obey? Not all.
    ("Я говорил, не приходи? Я говорил-спущу с лестницы?)
    He said, he did - who went out to buzz - to the stadium,
    surrounded by barbed wire. So who are the questions?
    So who pulled the country out of w? Those in the stadium?
    By the way, Lukashenko was crucified for holding elections.
    The following come - everything is allowed, journalists,
    rallies. Bam and 24-00. All clap and funnels.
    I said elections, I said, on the 15th, I said, is everything possible?
    24-00 - this is the 16th - ALL THE COUNTRY IS ALREADY AT WORK!
    What are these loafers doing on the street? ELECTIONS
    ALL OVER THE COUNTRY! 15th Act
    16th is not valid, but for illegal actions
    everyone will bear the LEGAL responsibility!
    So no - the dictator, but where is the dictatorship?
    1. depressant
      depressant 29 May 2020 20: 24 New
      +5
      I recommend an article. Published by VO Ilya Polonsky on September 29, 2015.
      "Виктор Хара. Жизнь и смерть певца свободного Чили."
      Victor Hara is a famous Chilean singer, poet and musician. The article, in particular, tells how the stadium in Sant Iago was turned by Pinochet into a concentration camp, how courageously people were held and how they died. Inspired by the glory and haze of fleeting times, people have become a legend. They did not give up ...
      Che Guevara, Fidel Castro, Victor Hara, Latin America. A time of romance.
      1. Kushka
        Kushka 29 May 2020 20: 51 New
        +2
        Thank! I will definitely read it. Romantics and poets are holy people.
        Yesenin, Exupery, Dovzhenko, Leonid Bykov, Hara-their assessment
        events are vividly individual, screaming painful and priceless.
        But in life it always turns out that nations and countries from
        Peter the Great, Lenin and Dzerzhinsky stretch the abyss to the top
        and Tukhachevsky, Stalin with Mehlis and Beria.
        1. Kronos
          Kronos 29 May 2020 22: 29 New
          +4
          Tukhachevsky promoted mediocrity merged the Polish company
          1. Kushka
            Kushka 29 May 2020 22: 33 New
            +2
            Yes sir. At HE recently, this topic was discussed in detail.
            But in this case, we talked about poets and performers,
            meaning the methods of Tukhachevsky to suppress peasant
            uprisings.
          2. Pilat2009
            Pilat2009 17 July 2020 10: 24 New
            0
            Quote: Kronos
            Tukhachevsky promoted mediocrity merged the Polish company

            Name me a commander who has not lost a single battle, except for Suvorov
        2. Revolver
          Revolver 30 May 2020 02: 54 New
          +1
          Quote: Kushka
          and Tukhachevsky, Stalin with Mehlis and Beria.

          You are the Mehlis with Beria, and especially Stalin, with Napoleonchik Tukhachevsky do not equal. He was the first in history to use chemical weapons of mass destruction against his own people, peasants of the Tambov region; The Tambov Wolf is about him. So he honestly deserved his tower, although they executed him for another.

          For a snack - a joke.
          Сталин Ежову: "Вот маршал Тухачевский мне свой портрет в рамочке подарил, говорит что можно на стенку повесить, а можно на полке к стенке поставить. Как Вы думаете, что лучше с ним сделать, повесить или поставить к стенке?"
          1. Kushka
            Kushka 30 May 2020 13: 34 New
            +1
            Offset! And I love jokes from Stalin.
            Draw a border in the 45th. Churchill says
            To Stalin - why did you take Lviv,
            he was not Russian. Got it, says
            Stalin, then there will be Warsaw.
  9. AAK
    AAK 29 May 2020 14: 38 New
    0
    Такие "каудильо" как Франко, Перон и Пиночет оставили в истории весьма противоречивый след, но они сохранили целостность своих стран, после каждого из них к власти пришли гражданские правительства, а затем в каждой из данных стран экономика пошла в рост
    1. Kronos
      Kronos 29 May 2020 22: 30 New
      +1
      Absolutely unambiguous fascists are simply more fortunate than those who openly challenged the United States as Musolini
  10. cost
    cost 29 May 2020 14: 54 New
    +1
    Augusto Pinochet was born on November 25, 1915. in the largest port city of Chile - Valparaiso (the modern population of the metropolitan area does not exceed 1 million inhabitants). His father, Augusto Pinochet Vera, was a customs officer, and his mother, Avelina Ugarte Martinez, was a housewife and raised six children, among whom Augusto was the eldest. Pinochet’s great-grandfather, a Breton by descent, moved to Latin America from France.
    a photo Parents of Augusto Pinochet

    Augusto, who was a native of the “middle classes,” could only open the way to the service in the armed forces, with which he reached his fate when he reached 17 years old, enrolling in an infantry school in San Bernardo. Prior to this, he attended school at the seminary of St. Raphael and the Institute of Quillot and Colechio of the Sacred Hearts of the French Fathers Valparaiso. The young man spent four years in the infantry school (from 1933 to 1937), graduated from the latter with a junior officer rank and was sent first to the Chacabuco regiment in Concepcion, and then to the Maipo regiment in Valparaiso. In 1948, Pinochet entered the Higher Military Academy of the country. In the period from 1964 to 1968, Pinochet did not command combat units, as he was the deputy head of the Military Academy, and also taught a course in geopolitics there. In 1969 he was awarded the rank of brigadier general, and in 1971 - the division general. In 1971, Pinochet assumed the post of commander of the garrison of Santiago, which was his first appointment with the Government of the National Unity, led by President Salvador Allende. In early November 1972, as Deputy Minister of the Interior, General Carlos Prats, he became Acting Commander-in-Chief of the Ground Forces.
    In August 1973, the military, led by Pinochet, organized a provocation against General Prats, who, loyal to the government of People’s Unity, unable to withstand persecution, resigned from all posts. Allende appointed General Pinochet in his place.
    Carlos Prats wrote in his diary on August 23, 1973: “My career is over. Without exaggerating my role, I believe that my resignation is a prelude to a coup d'etat and the greatest betrayal ... Now it remains only to set a day for the coup ... "
    1. cost
      cost 29 May 2020 15: 10 New
      +1
      Carlos Prats Gonzalez

      Army General, Minister of National Defense of Chile (July 5, 1973 - August 9, 1973). Chilean military and political figure, member of the Socialist Party of Chile, Minister of War and Vice President of Chile in the government of Salvador Allende, commander in chief of the Chilean army, who, while remaining faithful to the government of People’s Unity.
      On August 23, 1973, after a provocation organized by the military led by Pinochet, he resigned as Minister of the Interior and Commander-in-Chief of the Chilean Army. Allende appointed General Pinochet in his place. Only 2 more generals, in order to constitutionally resolve the political crisis, Mario Sepulveda Skela and Guillermo Pickering (both held key command posts), also resigned in support of Pratsu. General Augusto Pinochet, formerly second in command of Allende and, as expected, loyal to him, took over as army commander.
      General Pinochet took office on August 23, 1973. The resignation of Prats was the last obstacle to overcome the military coup, carried out 3 weeks later, on September 11. Immediately after this coup, September 15, 1973, General Prats went into exile with his wife in Argentina. After the September 11, 1973 coup, Carlos Prats spoke both publicly and in private, criticizing the Chilean junta and Pinochet. He also declared his readiness to become the commander-in-chief of the armed forces in exile or the president of the shadow government or the government in exile.
      A year later, he died in Buenos Aires as a result of the explosion of an explosive-filled car; the attempt was organized by the Chilean Office of National Intelligence. On September 30, 1974, in Buenos Aires, Prats and his wife Sofia were killed in a radio-controlled bombing of a car bomb. Fragments of the blown up reached the balconies on the ninth floor of the building on the opposite side of the street. Later it became known that the murder was planned by employees of the Chilean Office of National Intelligence. It was carried out by an American expatriate and Chilean citizen Michael Townley, who also committed the assassination of Orlando Letelliere in Washington in 1976.

      Consequences and murder investigations
      Former officers of the National Intelligence Agency, including the head of Manuel Contreras, the former head of operations, Raul Iturriago, his brother Roger Iturriago, and the ex-team leaders Pedro Espinosa and Jose Sarah, were accused of killing Prats
  11. stroybat ZABVO
    stroybat ZABVO 29 May 2020 17: 33 New
    +7
    B7 greetings from Argentina.
    Когда Пиночет, как это бы выразиться, "всё", " капут".... У нас по телевизору показывали, как выстраивалась длиннющая очередь поцеловать труп и сказать: "спасибо, что спас нас от коммунизма".
    Yeah.....
    А Пиньедо, нынешний през, пару лет назад, когда в Венесуэле началась " заваруха" с Гуайдо, клоуном от политики, говорил, что Чили это "рай на земле".... А сейчас, второй год, душит молодёжь...
    К нам много приезжают чилийцев учиться, потому что у нас всё ещё есть государственые институты и академии, а в Чили всё " образование" платное.
    1. depressant
      depressant 29 May 2020 21: 29 New
      +1
      Colleague, do you mean Sebastian Pinier, President of Chile? )))
  12. Kapellan23
    Kapellan23 29 May 2020 20: 00 New
    -6
    Thanks to Pinochet, Chile did not have time to taste all the charm of socialism and escaped with a slight fright.
    1. Kronos
      Kronos 29 May 2020 22: 31 New
      0
      Another monarchist friend of the Nazis
  13. The comment was deleted.
  14. Kamaz
    Kamaz 30 May 2020 05: 03 New
    +1
    I was in Chile not long ago. The middle class as such does not exist. On the roads or a cool car or bus. The university is only for the rich. Honey service is very expensive. The price of gas is two times higher than in Argentina, the products are also more expensive. The water in the sea is icy. In short there is nothing to do there.
  15. iouris
    iouris 30 May 2020 13: 28 New
    0
    Интересно, чем это обусловлена тяга к чилийскому пиночету, неужели в отечественной новейшей истории нет аналогичных примеров? Правда у нас тоже самое сделали "пиджаки".
  16. Normal ok
    Normal ok 30 May 2020 15: 13 New
    0
    Why this article? A brief listing of well-known facts. Type LIKBEZ for those who did not attend school?