Military Review

About the economy of the Third Reich

40

In the XIX century, Germany turned into one of the main industrial powers of the Old World. The German economy grew at a serious pace - such that the modern European economy could only envy. According to historian Alexei Isaev, Germany at the end of the century before last was, in terms of economy, approximately the same as China is today.


But World War I introduced, to put it mildly, some adjustments. Although, as historians note, the German military industry suffered little in that war, and therefore the chances for a relatively quick recovery remained.

With the Nazis coming to power in Germany, led by Adolf Hitler, the war industry began to turn into a locomotive of economic growth. It is important to note that Germany began to receive large loans - for example, from the United States of America, which today does not like to recall those times. But not without the help of those loans, the German economy in the 1930s switched to war footing. What all this eventually resulted in is well known today.

The war economics of the Third Reich are told by historian Alexei Isaev for the History Lab channel:

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  1. apro
    apro 20 May 2020 11: 04 New
    +9
    Germany is undoubtedly the economic leader of Europe. With applications for leading positions in the world at the beginning of the 20th century. What was this power based on? First of all, this is education and organization of society. The German order. Forged for centuries. There were no resources other than human on which you could live peacefully .constant shortage pushed for better organization. production. optimal relations in German society.
    1. The leader of the Redskins
      The leader of the Redskins 20 May 2020 11: 24 New
      +1
      When I was on a business trip to Germany, sometimes their pedantry simply infuriated me! But he tried not to give in to feelings and smiled)
      1. Uncle lee
        Uncle lee 20 May 2020 11: 34 New
        10
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        pedantry

        We stand with a crowd of pedestrians in the city center, at the crossroads, we are waiting for the green, but it does not turn on, it has broken ...
        And, interestingly, the cars are also red ...
        Here we stand and wait, the Germans are law-abiding people.
        Suddenly, behind my back in pure Russian: "Yes, legs in your mouth" and went. On red. Immediately the whole crowd moved after him.
        He crossed the road, looked at us, spat and said:
        "Yes, damn it, it's hard for you without the Fuhrer"
        1. Pete mitchell
          Pete mitchell 20 May 2020 11: 57 New
          +8
          hi West Germany, the toilet valve, I apologize for the detail, broke down: they called the plumbing. We arrived in two minivans, looked: no problem - business for 17 € for everything, spare parts work. When I gave him 20k and I didn’t say the check, they looked at me as if I were offering them to sell a piece of the Motherland: no, no, that’s impossible, here you have the details and through the bank please request
          1. novel66
            novel66 20 May 2020 12: 03 New
            +1
            Tramp hello hi
            toilet valve, I apologize for the detail, it broke

            and myself ???
            1. Pete mitchell
              Pete mitchell 20 May 2020 12: 05 New
              +3
              Novel hi an honest word would have been done by myself, but a strange construction of the system - it was necessary to turn off the entire staircase, and this is allowed only to specialists
              1. novel66
                novel66 20 May 2020 12: 06 New
                +3
                honestly I could handle it myself,

                No doubt! Soviet sourdough!
                1. Pete mitchell
                  Pete mitchell 20 May 2020 12: 21 New
                  +3
                  Novel as taught wink
                  I don’t want to copy Zadorny, but for the sake of fun: the loader entered our side, exactly into the luggage compartment hatch. Hatch to change, the plane is, continuous losses. They found a hatch there and our plane was there, but the joy was not long: the movers could not load the hatch into the compartment, they did not fit. They drove us in the middle of the night on an empty plane outside this door, so that if they bring something in the cabin. Do not believe it: they shoved the hatch into the compartment directly - but you did not try to say it diagonally? Getting the title duty wizard rushed home, this hatch cost dearly
          2. yehat2
            yehat2 20 May 2020 12: 12 New
            12
            this is because official work with insurance for them is an excellent guarantor of social status.
            They do not need to nimble, look for a better life, take a part-time job - just do it.
            And the condition for maintaining this guarantee is the implementation of instructions and rules.
            And it is objectively more profitable for them to act strictly according to the rules than to hamster the little things.
            1. Pete mitchell
              Pete mitchell 20 May 2020 12: 23 New
              +5
              Quote: yehat2
              Objectively, it’s more profitable to act strictly according to the rules than to hamster the little things.

              I do not argue a single gram, just unusual. No doubt living comfortably and working nicely
          3. vavilon
            vavilon 21 May 2020 11: 29 New
            +2
            The Russians have much to do with the Germans, but also the Germans should borrow from us, for example, of the same stamina, quick wits and unpredictability
            The economic union of Russia and Germany will economically shut everyone down.
            1. Pete mitchell
              Pete mitchell 21 May 2020 13: 17 New
              +1
              Quote: vavilon
              The economic union of Russia and Germany will economically shut everyone down.
              Even in '14, thoughts flickered that the whole operation in 404 was carried out with the aim of preventing the union of German brains and technologies with Russian brains and resources ...
        2. Oleg Zorin
          Oleg Zorin 20 May 2020 14: 21 New
          +1
          I don’t know whether this particular case is true or not, but the essence is noticed correctly!
        3. Nikolaevich I
          Nikolaevich I 20 May 2020 15: 45 New
          +2
          Quote: Uncle Lee
          Yes, damn it, it's hard for you without the Fuhrer

          Well, Germans learn fast! Somehow, the Soviet part was transferred to a German settlement (GDR) ... Soon, in the "environs" of the Soviet military town, the corners of the lawns and flower beds were "cut off" by "pedestrian paths" Some time passed ... and the German military town turned out to be the same! Meticulous journalists of "Krasnaya Zvezda" asked the commander of the German military unit ...: "ours?" ... The answer: "no ... ours!" ... lol
      2. tihonmarine
        tihonmarine 20 May 2020 11: 37 New
        +2
        Quote: Leader of the Redskins
        When I was on a business trip to Germany, sometimes their pedantry simply infuriated me!

        I worked with them, at first it was a little unusual, and then you also do how they are. It is much easier to work with the FRG people than with the Democrats. They have no anger and greed, if you work together, they respect you. Democrats are evil at all and at all, but there is a lot of aplomb.
        1. yehat2
          yehat2 20 May 2020 12: 19 New
          10
          if you call the democrats immigrants from the GDR, then I understand their anger - they were tricked several times during the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the unification of Germany. From a prosperous and respected country, they ended up in another country where they are considered the bottom and they all became suddenly to them. The mass of East Germans did the leading or creative work without a chance to get settled within the FRG. And reality is far from cloudless. It was not the unification of the Germans, but an aggressive absorption. New generations are probably adapting, and the old ones have lost too much to just forget it. And most of all the East Germans are angry that there is almost no human communication.
          We corresponded at school with German students (I don’t remember either from Stuttgart or from Dresden) - these were very good-natured, positive-minded people.
          1. Pete mitchell
            Pete mitchell 20 May 2020 12: 32 New
            +3
            Quote: yehat2
            - They were deceived several times in the process of the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the unification of Germany .... And the reality is far from cloudless. It was not the unification of the Germans, but an aggressive takeover ..

            Briefly and clearly formulated. As the head of a bank in the West told me: we try not to hire East Germans ...
          2. Okolotochny
            Okolotochny 20 May 2020 12: 35 New
            +2
            Stuttgart is unlikely. He was in West Germany.
            1. yehat2
              yehat2 20 May 2020 12: 38 New
              +3
              I don’t remember, maybe Stettin or something else - for me all German names are the same))) I can only say that they were the children of workers from the car-building plant, which was actively supplied to the USSR.
              1. Jager
                Jager 20 May 2020 19: 26 New
                +1
                Ammendorf?
                The main suppliers of passenger cars in the USSR are Tver and Ammendorf.
                1. yehat2
                  yehat2 20 May 2020 19: 30 New
                  +1
                  I can’t remember, but Ammendorf is an unfamiliar name to me.
                  I remember looking at the map - a city southeast of Berlin is somewhere 200-300 km
                  oh found wünsdorf seems
          3. tihonmarine
            tihonmarine 20 May 2020 13: 15 New
            +1
            Quote: yehat2
            We corresponded at school with German students (I don’t remember either from Stuttgart or from Dresden) - these were very good-natured, positive-minded people.

            At that time, before the collapse, it was. I stood at the shipyard in Stralsund and the Rostock fish factory, we were all kind. Time has passed, and we and the Germans are not the same democrats.
    2. strannik1985
      strannik1985 20 May 2020 12: 00 New
      +2
      what was this power based on?

      Yeah, they would have organized without foreign investment. According to the Dawes plan, in October 1924 Germany provided a repair loan of $ 200 million, of which 110 million were placed in the United States, in total, by 1929, loans for 21 billion marks were received in Germany, as a result, the volume of industrial production over the five-year period (1924-1929) reached pre-war level.
      1. apro
        apro 20 May 2020 12: 24 New
        +1
        Quote: strannik1985
        Yeah, they would have organized without foreign investment.

        Oh, you love Russian foreign investment ...
        Germany at that time was a fairly industrialized country. And capable of producing any industrial products. The essence of Amer’s loans is to break into German industry using the Germans' difficulties with reparations (robbery of the Entente). And also weaken the French and the Angles in Europe. DPeretolchin went well on this issue. I recommend.
        Money alone doesn’t solve a lot. But the ability to create a first-class product is just as important.
        1. strannik1985
          strannik1985 20 May 2020 12: 41 New
          +3
          Germany at that time was a fairly industrialized country

          A worn-out machine park after the war, hyperinflation - for incomplete 1923 by 578 512%, over 60% of workers were unemployed or part-time, etc., etc. The crisis may be man-made, but the Weimar Republic could not get out of it on its own.
          1. apro
            apro 20 May 2020 12: 56 New
            +1
            Quote: strannik1985
            The crisis may be man-made, but it was impossible for the Weimar Republic to get out of it on its own

            And I don’t argue with that. Open robbery. And the Germans would pay in the third generation.
    3. Sergej1972
      Sergej1972 20 May 2020 15: 25 New
      +1
      Nevertheless, Germany had no chance to catch up with the USA in terms of production volume at that time. Let me remind you that the United States in the late 19th century came to first place in the world in terms of industrial production.
  2. tihonmarine
    tihonmarine 20 May 2020 11: 31 New
    +1
    It is important to note that Germany began to receive large loans - for example, from the United States of America, which today does not like to recall those times.
    Money to Germany, and in the states of the Great Depression. Interestingly, "ladies" with low social responsibility are dancing.
    1. strannik1985
      strannik1985 20 May 2020 12: 15 New
      +1
      Money to Germany, and in the states of the Great Depression.

      A lot of money was printed in the First World War, and in 1924-1929 they attached it (as it is now to China), the Great Depression began in October 1929.
  3. Free wind
    Free wind 20 May 2020 11: 40 New
    +5
    All the same, we need texts, it’s more interesting to read. And you know it is worth reading or not. hammer in all sorts of things. or not worth it.
    1. Avior
      Avior 20 May 2020 14: 18 New
      0
      I agree that the texts are more convenient.
      Except when the picture is important, what kind of design - be it, or something similar.
  4. knn54
    knn54 20 May 2020 12: 04 New
    +1
    Germany was given money And the benefit for the "creditor" was not economic, but geopolitical and strategic.
    Funding for GLOBAL, but at the same time dark / dubious affairs in world politics is ALWAYS carried out through banks / individuals of neutral countries, on which EVERYTHING can be dumped. And the superpower (which said, for example, "Swiss gnomes" to give money) has nothing to do with it.
    The BEGINNING was laid.
    They write and show quite a lot about the rest.

    For reference.
    Of the 130 divisions of the German army, only 33 can be called motorized. Three quarters of the German army (as in France) moved: on foot and on horseback.
    During the war, the main reason that hindered the use of cars was a chronic shortage of fuel and rubber. By the end of 1941, due to a catastrophic shortage of oil, the Wehrmacht was thinking about "demotorization" ...
    1. AllBiBek
      AllBiBek 20 May 2020 12: 25 New
      +1
      There is not so much a lack of oil as problems with spare parts, from which any quartermaster will hang himself.
      Not only that, the bulk of the trucks are civilians, but also pine trees from all over Europe.
      A quarter of the divisions were generally in the French.
    2. strannik1985
      strannik1985 20 May 2020 12: 55 New
      +1
      Of the 130 divisions of the German army, only 33 can be called motorized.

      In the infantry on 1941, 930 vehicles versus 558 in the SD state 04/400, 62 tractors versus 99 and 530 motorcycles (190 with a sidecar) versus 0. But this is the state, i.e. in theory, all 04 SDs did not have time to mobilize on 400/198.
  5. yehat2
    yehat2 20 May 2020 12: 24 New
    +2
    Quote: apro
    German order. For centuries

    utter nonsense.
    German order began to appear only at the end of Bismarck's reign as the Reich was built.
    and it arose after school reform, when retired soldiers began to teach children en masse.
    But the order and order that we know only appeared after the Weimar Republic with Hitler coming to power. It was the Nazis who were able to completely shake up the life of the Germans and establish total control over life. Read how it happened somehow.
  6. yehat2
    yehat2 20 May 2020 12: 37 New
    +1
    Quote: Pete Mitchell
    Quote: yehat2
    - They were deceived several times in the process of the collapse of the Warsaw Pact and the unification of Germany .... And the reality is far from cloudless. It was not the unification of the Germans, but an aggressive takeover ..

    Briefly and clearly formulated. As the head of a bank in the West told me: we try not to hire East Germans ...

    I’ll add that the GDR was a real authority in Europe.
    It is now remembered with great warmth by the Greeks, Hungarians, Bulgarians, Czechs and others.
  7. evgeniy.plotnikov.2019mail.ru
    evgeniy.plotnikov.2019mail.ru 20 May 2020 23: 06 New
    -1
    Yes, it is a pity that the Union did not save itself and betrayed the GDR.
    There has never been and will not be any sense from ,, educational ,, states. MIRACLE NOT! A coherent ideology should be, a coherent state structure, REAL officials. For millennia it’s known, HOW TO BE. Why do you have to follow the lead of the idiots of the Satanists? This will be advised! Such a crazy ravings!
    ,, Secrets ,, restoring order to thinking people are well known. It works in any country! Indeed, as it was correctly noted in one of the comments, only Germany of the Bismarck period was more or less accustomed to the Order. She studied, by the way, at that time from the UK.
    Without Order, successes in economics, politics are impossible ... That is why global Satanists are imposing a mess everywhere - in families, in art, in law, ... in the army. Humanoid with to about t and N to about
    easier to lead than PEOPLE!
    GDR sorry! Great soldiers were. They showed themselves perfectly during the famous events in Czechoslovakia in 1968. And they believed, like the Russians, in socialism! There is a strong craving, like that of Russians, for Justice, for Meaning, for Truth!
    With in about and aircraft, cars, ships and ships were in the GDR. Good and great samples. And what scouts!
    Satanists and now in Germany are mocking and mischief. Dragged alien ,, human material ,,, and r x and tektory,. Migrants rape local women, rape the meaning ... I have seen the head of bolts in German buses in the form of ,, iron crosses ,,. On the floor. Trampling the Cross. Trampling Tradition
    1. tracer
      tracer 26 June 2020 12: 02 New
      0
      Many will not understand you. Basically, probably, those who are still taking pictures of Russians and Germans are the most terrible villains in the world in cinema. But what you wrote personally to me is clear and seems to be correct. I have a German best friend by blood, his oldest son, a brilliant young officer graduated from a higher educational institution of the Ministry of Internal Affairs. This I mean that the Germans among the people of that (deep in Russia) are not quite foreigners, like the British or Americans. In the long merry-go-round of war and peace between the Russians and the Germans, an invisible connection of understanding and realization of something in common arose. This is exactly what (remember Putin's speech about Europe before Vladivostok), this is what all Russia's "partners" are afraid of. It is for this union that they will beat. Already overseas, I happened to meet an old 95-year-old grandfather, a tall one with a Russian accent in English. When he found out that I was a Russian, he called my wife Martha, and they began to treat me and tell me about Russia, showing some articles in old newspapers and magazines. !!!! He smiled ... The grandfather was very pleased and happy that this summer he was going to Leningrad to Putin again. To my question about what they say have relatives there? He suddenly entered his eyes and said that his part stood there in the war. So they hit Leningrad, they starved people. He saw everything with his own eyes and carried it all through his life, realizing the tragedy. As a result, he himself also became a little Russian. This man gives me funny feelings of respect and resentment for the past. But there is no hatred and anger. The Ukronazis evoke hatred and anger of the same blood as us, so eager to let it flow in rivers. I think that an economic and political union with Germany is inevitable in the future.
  8. EVDmitri
    EVDmitri 22 May 2020 14: 11 New
    +1
    In World War I, not a single enemy soldier stepped on German soil! Therefore, the military industry was not affected. She suffered after the war ...
    But when industrialization began in the USSR, reparations of 269 billion gold marks were removed from Germany - the equivalent of about 100 thousand tons of gold. And they began to stuff the Nazi state with money and resources.
  9. Dedok
    Dedok 15 June 2020 09: 21 New
    0
    if not mistaken, in the picture R-75 BMW
    I recall my childhood when my father had a similar motif, though with a stroller, and the stroller was with a drive wheel ...
    We drove along such .... that now, after years, it is difficult to imagine how, but almost 60 years have passed