Military Review

Maria Bochkareva, Russian Joan of Arc

68
Maria Bochkareva, Russian Joan of Arc

Maria Bochkareva, 1917


100 years ago, on May 16, 1920, Maria Bochkareva, nicknamed the Russian Joan of Arc, was shot. The only woman who became the complete St. George Knight, creator of the first stories Russian women's battalion.

Royal decision


Maria Leontyevna Bochkareva (Frolkova) was born in July 1889 in a peasant family in the village of Nikolskoye in the Kirillovsky district of the Novgorod province. A few years later, the family moved to Siberia in the "Stolypin" carriage - many landless and low-land peasants received large tracts of land beyond the Urals free of charge.

In Siberia, the family did not stand up. Mary knew poverty; she worked from an early age. She was distinguished by great physical strength and even worked as an asphalt paver. At 15, she married Afanasy Bochkarev, but unsuccessfully. She fled from her drunken husband from Tomsk to Irkutsk. Lived with a civil husband - J. Buk. But she did not find happiness with him either. The butcher husband turned out to be a robber, he was caught sent to exile in Yakutsk. Bochkareva followed him to Eastern Siberia. The butcher did not recover, he opened a butcher's shop, but in fact joined the gang. He was again exposed and exiled even further to the taiga village of Amgu. Mary followed him. The man washed down, began to beat Bochkarev.

At this time, a world war began. Maria Bochkareva decided to dramatically change her life: to join the army. She recalled: “My heart was torn there - into the boiling cauldron of war, to be baptized in fire and hardened in lava. I was possessed by the spirit of self-sacrifice. My country called me. " Arrived in Tomsk, but she was refused there, advised to go to the front with a sister of mercy. Then Maria sent a telegram personally to Emperor Nicholas II. Her request was granted and enlisted in the army.

In February 1915, after three months of training, Maria Bochkareva was at the forefront in the 28th Polotsk Infantry Regiment. At first, her presence among the soldiers caused only laughter and ridicule. However, a strong and brave girl quickly earned authority among her colleagues. Bochkareva carried the wounded from the line of fire, participated in bayonet attacks and went into reconnaissance. The brave woman became a legend of the regiment. She was considered her own, nicknamed Yashka - in honor of the non-prolific friend Jacob. After countless battles and four wounds, she was marked with all four degrees of the cross of St. George and three medals. He was promoted to senior non-commissioned officer and commanded a platoon.


Maria Bochkareva, Emmeline Pankhurst and soldiers of the women's battalion

Female Death Battalion


In February 1917, a revolution occurred. Emperor Nicholas II was overthrown and arrested. The first Provisional Government was headed by Prince Lvov. The processes of decomposition of the army, which were already in tsarist times, sharply intensified. Mass desertion, drunkenness, rallying, the soldiers' refusal to fight, the killing of officers, etc. Fighting became increasingly difficult. At the same time, the Provisional Government continued to maintain the position of continuing the “war to a victorious end” in the Entente. The authorities began to look for ways to preserve the army and the front. In particular, they organized shock battalions from soldiers, veterans, and St. George cavaliers who remained combat-ready. We also decided to organize women's battalions to raise the morale of soldiers.

One of the leaders of the February Revolution, Mikhail Rodzianko, visited the Western Front in April 1917, where Bochkareva served. Mary was one of the most popular personalities at the time. She greeted February enthusiastically, but did not accept the decomposition of the army, which was turning into a "talking room." They decided to use her authority to create a women's battalion. Rodzianko took her to Petrograd to campaign for a “war to a victorious end” among the units of the Petrograd garrison and among the soldiers’s deputies of the Petrosoviet. At a speech to the soldiers' deputies, Bochkareva suggested forming shock women's death battalions.

The interim government approved this idea. Bochkarev was taken to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief Brusilov. As M. Bochkareva recalled, the commander in chief doubted:

“Brusilov told me in the office that you rely on women and that the formation of a female battalion is the first in the world. Can women disgrace Russia? I told Brusilov that I myself am not confident in women, but if you give me full authority, I guarantee that my battalion will not disgrace Russia ... Brusilov told me that he believes in me and will try his best to help in the formation of a female volunteer battalion ".

On June 21, 1917, a solemn ceremony of presenting the new military unit of the white banner with the inscription "The first female military command of the death of Maria Bochkareva" took place on the square near St. Isaac's Cathedral. Members of the Provisional Government and generals escorted the battalion to the front. Non-commissioned officer Maria Bochkareva, for the first time in the history of the Russian army, adopted a combat banner. General Kornilov handed the commander a revolver and a saber. Kerensky promoted Bochkarev to officers and attached the shoulder straps of the ensign.

Similar parts were created in other cities, in particular, in Moscow and Yekaterinodar. The Russian public was shocked at first, but then actively supported the patriotic cause. More than 1 thousand people wanted to join the 2st Petrograd Women's Battalion alone. About 500 were rejected. As a result, the majority was eliminated, about 300 women remained. The social composition was diverse: from "educated young ladies" - noblewoman, student, teacher, etc., to soldiers, Cossacks, peasant women and servants. The discipline was tough. Bochkareva did not differ in her peaceful disposition. They complained about her that “she’s beating her faces like a real leader of the old regime”. All command posts were occupied by men, since there were practically no female officers (by the fall of 1917, only 25 women had completed the full course of the military school program at the Alexander Military School in Moscow).

At the end of June 1917, the Bochkareva battalion arrived at the front — the 10th Army of the Western Front in the area of ​​the city of Molodechno. The battalion became part of the 525th Infantry Regiment. The “democratized" troops have already completely decomposed. Female drummers were met as prostitutes. The battalion commander recalled: "... that I had never before met such a tattered, unbridled and demoralized shantrap called the soldiers."

In July 1917, the Western Front tried to advance, and the percussionists took the fight. They fought bravely, attacked and repelled enemy counterattacks (at the same time, most of the corps rallied). Colonel V.I. Zakrzhevsky in his report on the actions of the women's battalion wrote:

“Bochkareva’s detachment behaved heroically in battle, all the time in the front line, serving along with the soldiers. ... with their work, the death team set an example of courage, courage and peace, raised the spirit of soldiers and proved that each of these women heroes deserves the title of warrior of the Russian revolutionary army. ”

The strikers, who basically had no combat experience, suffered heavy losses: 30 killed and 70 wounded - a third of the composition. Maria Bochkareva received another wound, spent a month and a half in the hospital and received the rank of second lieutenant, then lieutenant. Under pressure from the army and the high casualties of female volunteers, the new Supreme Commander-in-Chief, General Kornilov, banned the creation of new female battalions. Existing units had to perform auxiliary tasks (security, communications, nurses, etc.). As a result, the movement fell apart. Russian Joan of Arc could not save the army from the final decay.

It is worth noting that most of the front-line soldiers received women's battalions "with hostility." It was believed that women corrupted the army. The soldier councils believed that this was a way of waging a “war to the end”. General Denikin noted:

“Let us pay tribute to the memory of the brave. But ... there is no place for a woman on the fields of death, where horror reigns, where there is blood, dirt and deprivation, where hearts become hardened and morals are terribly rude. There are many ways of public and public service, much more consistent with the calling of women. ”



The leadership of a military formation. Summer 1917. In the photo M. Bochkareva sits on the far left

White movement and doom


In connection with the final collapse of the front and the October Revolution, Bochkareva disbanded the remnants of the battalion (the 2nd battalion in Petrograd took part in the defense of the Winter Palace, then was also disbanded). The personality of Mary was popular among the people, so both red and white tried to attract her to her side. Lenin and Trotsky convince her to take the side of the people. Obviously, Bochkareva, whose head turned popularity, did not understand the situation. Although with the Bolsheviks, she could achieve great heights. Through an underground officer organization, Maria establishes contact with General Kornilov. Bochkareva decides to help the White movement. She was detained on her way to Siberia. Bochkarev was accused of collaborating with General Kornilov and was nearly sentenced. However, broad connections helped. She was released, and Mary, dressed as a sister of mercy, traveled the whole country to Vladivostok.

From the Far East, as a personal representative, General Kornilova left for a campaign trip to the United States and Europe. She was supported by prominent members of the Western public and the suffragist movement (movement to grant women suffrage). In particular, British public and political activist, women's rights activist Emmeline Pankhurst, American suffragist Florence Harriman. Arrived in America, in July 1918, it was received by President Woodrow Wilson. Bochkareva spoke about her life and asked for help in the fight against Bolshevism. The journalist Isaac Don Levin, based on Maria’s stories, wrote a book about her life, which was published in 1919 under the name “Yashka”. The book was translated into several languages, was very popular.

In England, Maria Bochkareva met with King George V and Minister of War W. Churchill. She requested financial and material assistance for the White Army. In August 1918, along with the British interventionists landed in Arkhangelsk. She planned to form women's volunteer units in the North of Russia. However, things did not go, the commander of the Northern Region and Northern Army, General Marushevsky, reacted coldly to this project. He even forbade Bochkareva to wear an officer uniform.

In the fall of 1919, the British evacuated from Arkhangelsk. Bochkareva decided to try her luck in Kolchak’s army, made her way to Siberia. On November 10, 1919, Admiral Kolchak received the Russian Joan of Arc and agreed to the formation of a female military sanitary unit. However, the Kolchakites were already defeated, so they did not manage to create anything worthwhile. In winter, Kolchak’s army was destroyed: partly captured, partly fled.

In January 1920, Bochkarev was arrested. In conclusion to the final protocol of her interrogation of April 5, 1920, investigator Pobolotin noted that "Bochkareva’s criminal activity against the RSFSR was proved by the investigation ... I believe that I want Bochkarev as the implacable and worst enemy of the workers and peasants’s republic at the disposal of the head of the Special Division of the Cheka of the 5th Army." At first they wanted to move her to Moscow, but on May 15 they revised this decision and on May 16, 1920 Maria Bochkareva was shot in Krasnoyarsk. In 1992 she was rehabilitated.

In Soviet times, they tried to forget Yashka. They only remembered the "fools of Bochkarevsky" (scornful lines by Mayakovsky) who tried to defend the Winter Palace. However, on the whole, the personality and fate of Maria Bochkareva is very entertaining: a simple peasant, who had mastered the basics of literacy only towards the end of her life, met on her rather short life path not only the first persons of Russia (Rodzianko, Kerensky, Brusilov, Kornilov, Lenin and Trotsky), but and the West (with US President W. Wilson, British King George V). This is only possible in troubled times.


M. Bochkarev at a reception at W. Wilson, USA, 1918
Author:
Photos used:
https://ru.wikipedia.org/
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  1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
    Kote Pan Kokhanka 16 May 2020 05: 48 New
    15
    Another victim of the Civil War, in which there is no and cannot be right and guilty !!!
    Regards, Kote!
    1. Tatyana
      Tatyana 16 May 2020 07: 05 New
      +7
      God forbid living in an era of change! (Chinese wisdom.)
      1. cost
        cost 16 May 2020 08: 16 New
        +8
        The future heroine of the First World War was born into a family of Novgorod peasants who moved in search of better living conditions to the Tomsk province in Siberia. Already at the age of 15, Maria was married, but this did not bring her happiness.
        Together with her husband, she worked unloading barges and laying asphalt. Nevertheless, the proactive girl, already at her first job, showed excellent organizational skills and very quickly rose to the rank of assistant ten's manager, leading a predominantly male team of 25 people. At the same time, her husband continued to work as a laborer. Such social inequality provoked family quarrels with assault, and Maria fled to Irkutsk.
        Here she had a lover - a sharpie and a bandit named Yakov Buk. But Buk was arrested and exiled to the Yakutsk province. Maria followed her beloved, but he rejected her. At that moment, the First World War broke out, instantly changing the whole life of Maria Bochkareva. As soon as she heard about the start of hostilities, Maria behaved rather strangely. Disappointed with unhappy love, she returned to Tomsk and, having appeared at the recruiting station, asked to be recorded as a private. The officer on duty was surprised a lot and reasonably suggested that she become a nurse, given her gender. However, Maria remained adamant, demanding to be identified as a soldier. She was denied. Then she borrowed eight rubles from friends and gave a telegram to Nicholas II with a request to give her the opportunity to die for the Motherland. Surprisingly, her request was granted on an exceptional basis.
        By February 1917, she already had two St. George crosses and two St. George medals, as well as the shoulder straps of a senior non-commissioned officer.
      2. Uncle Izya
        Uncle Izya 16 May 2020 10: 15 New
        -5
        Change always happens, for example, a caronavirus
    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 16 May 2020 08: 24 New
      +2
      Quote: Kote pane Kohanka
      Another victim of the Civil War, in which there is no and cannot be right and guilty !!!

      All of Russia is its victim.

      And M. Bochkareva is a true Russian patriot, a front-line soldier. in fact, standing up for the defense of the Fatherland from the German invaders and defending it.

      We are such women who fought in the Great Patriotic War glorify and honor.

      Bochkareva did the same and worthy of all respect and reverence. for she fought for Russia to the end.

      deep respect. Honor and glory to all Russian womenperforming his patriotic duty in the army. .
      .

      Monument to Maria Leontyevna in the Tomsk region.
      1. cost
        cost 16 May 2020 09: 03 New
        +5
        The Parisian military magazine L'histoire militaire in 1969 published a poem dedicated to the women's death battalion:

        From all sides of Russia
        We came to fight ...
        We rose spontaneously
        For the right to die ...

        We have no return home -
        The family rejected us ...
        We are female soldiers
        May the earth accept us ...

        We will be the brothers shift -
        After all, the enemy is not defeated.
        We don't want cheating
        We stand for our hearth!

        We renounced life
        We have one dream:
        Serve Your Homeland
        And defeat the enemy!

        We have no return home
        We are honor for Russia,
        We are female soldiers
        And to us the reward is death!
      2. Kronos
        Kronos 16 May 2020 10: 17 New
        0
        The war for the colonies went on in World War I
        1. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
          Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 16 May 2020 18: 15 New
          -1
          Who is for the colony, who is for the homeland!
          1. Kronos
            Kronos 16 May 2020 18: 43 New
            +2
            For which homeland did the straits then manage to grab a piece of Austria-Hungary where they quickly organized a new province?
            1. Pilat2009
              Pilat2009 16 July 2020 06: 26 New
              0
              Quote: Kronos
              For which homeland did the straits then manage to grab a piece of Austria-Hungary where they quickly organized a new province?

              Straits are also needed. We did not slam Turkey in due time - wait, we have hemorrhoids
      3. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 16 May 2020 11: 29 New
        +9
        Quote: Olgovich
        And M. Bochkareva is a true Russian patriot, a front-line soldier. in fact, standing up for the defense of the Fatherland from the German invaders and defending it.

        And did she defend Russia abroad, or did she sell Russia to please the bankrupt ruiners?
        She did not have to meddle in politics.
        Even the whites did not understand her.
        I suppose that besides decisiveness and sacrifice, something irreconcilable with the natural course of life came from her.
        She could not cope with the nervous load of the war. And she could not stop.

        But in politics she was dense, the brilliance of the axelbants beckoned, the life of the common people no longer touched ... So she chose a story alien to her.
        But as part of the Chapaev’s division, she could save Vasily Ivanovich, and Sevastopol would help to defend the Great Patriotic War.
        Or, together with L. Pavlyuchenko, she went to America and would shake the second front out of the Americans much earlier and save several million Soviet people from death ...
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 16 May 2020 12: 05 New
          -7
          Quote: Sergey S.
          And did she defend Russia abroad, or did she sell Russia to please the bankrupt ruiners?

          abroad, she was a couple of weeks, unlike your foreign tourists, who lived much more than half of their conscious lives abroad and knew Switzerland and Paris, much better. than Russia.

          There were no more bankrupts than the Bolsheviks had fallen into in 91g, when there was neither war nor cataclysms — no history was known.
          Quote: Sergey S.
          She did not have to meddle in politics.
          Even the whites did not understand her.
          I suppose that besides decisiveness and sacrifice, something irreconcilable with the natural course of life came from her.
          She could not cope with the nervous load of the war. And she could not stop.

          But in politics it was dense, the brilliance of the axelbants beckoned, the life of the common people no longer touched ... Here it is chose a story alien to her.


          It’s not a matter of complete bankrupt life-to-learn-funny goes lol
          Quote: Sergey S.
          But as part of the Chapaev’s division, she could save Vasily Ivanovich

          So that they would shoot her later, as the commander of the Chapayev division and Chapayev's friend Kutyakov? Great "happiness, yes ...
          Quote: Sergey S.
          in the Great Patriotic War Sevastopol would help to defend.

          she tried to prevent the Second World War in 1914-1920; she would not have existed at all if she had won.
          Quote: Sergey S.
          Or, together with L. Pavlyuchenko, she went to America and would shake out the second front from the Americans much earlier and save several million Soviet people from death ..

          Did you catch the difference? in WWI, the West ran after Russia, begging to strike, to save him; in WWII, it was the other way around.
          1. Sergey S.
            Sergey S. 16 May 2020 12: 36 New
            +9
            Quote: Olgovich
            Did you catch the difference? in WWI, the West ran after Russia, begging to strike, to save him; in WWII, it was the other way around.

            In World War I, it was not able to make modern weapons itself, it gained loans, and was paid by Russian soldiers .... in France.
            Allies wiped their feet ...
            Then the royal family was not accepted ...

            In World War II, they dreamed for a long time that the USSR would weaken ...
            And then they walk along the already broken-down geranium to Berlin ....
            Ardennes ... and supplications ... Banner over the Raistag!
            1. Olgovich
              Olgovich 16 May 2020 12: 56 New
              -8
              Quote: Sergey S.
              In World War I, she herself could not make modern weapons,

              it was precisely in the Second World War that they used the weapons of Russia since the WWI and even ... RTV yes .
              Quote: Sergey S.
              and paid by Russian soldiers .... in France.

              you still have to remember. who only supplied weapons to the USSR, saving millions of their lives, and who generously poured precious blood on the fronts, saving millions of Amero-Anglo-French lives.

              To make it clear who was and when cannon fodder-just compare the losses of the USSR and allies in WWII and the losses of Russia and allies in WWII, when the losses of the Anglo-Funkans were higher than the Russians.

              Yes, and count how many times in WWII allies spat on hot requests open a second front ..

              Have you counted? More questions*?
              1. Sergey S.
                Sergey S. 16 May 2020 13: 04 New
                +2
                Quote: Olgovich
                in WWII they used the weapons of Russia since WWI and even ... RTV

                Three-rulers, Maxims and checkers ...
              2. Sergey S.
                Sergey S. 16 May 2020 13: 07 New
                +2
                Quote: Olgovich
                and who generously poured precious blood on the fronts, saving millions of Amero-Anglo-French lives.

                Naturally...
                They set Hitler against the USSR.
                And about one and a half million troops from Europe, in addition to the Germans, were sent against the USSR.

                And all their activity is only to fill the USSR with the blood of peoples who do not want to dance to their tune.
                1. Olgovich
                  Olgovich 16 May 2020 13: 26 New
                  -6
                  Quote: Sergey S.
                  Naturally...
                  They set Hitler against the USSR.
                  And about one and a half million troops from Europe, in addition to the Germans, were sent against the USSR.

                  And all their activity is only to fill the USSR with the blood of peoples who do not want to dance to their tune.


                  again songs about stupid mongrels unreasonable - "incited", "directed", "to the tune." lol
                  But Hitler himself, directly, didn’t want to fight the USSR? lol
                  Quote: Sergey S.
                  Three-rulers, Maxims and checkers ...

                  Do not be ashamed to not know?

                  Rokossovsky, for example, literally saved near Moscow Russian artillery 1877 g bulge, still fighting in Bulgaria in RTV, in the REV and PMV.

                  This is the battery where it was armed 6-inch gun sample 1877 of the year - Russian heavy breech-loading rifled artillery gun of caliber 152,4 mm on a hard carriage, developed Mikhailovsky Artillery Academy and produced at the imperial Perm Cannon factories and the Obukhov steel mill in St. Petersburg.

                  there she is, beauty


                  ps so how many times did the Allies spat on requests to open a second front in WWII?
                  1. Sergey S.
                    Sergey S. 16 May 2020 13: 33 New
                    +2
                    Quote: Olgovich
                    Rokossovsky, for example, was literally saved near Moscow by Russian artillery in 1877, which fought in Bulgaria in the RTV, in the RVE and PMV.

                    Do not be ashamed to write this ....
                    And what would happen if the Red Army fought only with such weapons?

                    Then let's try to attract specialists.
                    Let them talk about the use of Mark tanks and ships from Adam in WWII ....
                    To draw examples by the ears is not a method for intellectuals; it will not allow you to triumph in a dispute.

                    And the history should not be known from political textbooks, and not from articles on the internet, but at the level of a specialist in technical objects and production technologies.
                    1. Olgovich
                      Olgovich 16 May 2020 13: 50 New
                      -6
                      Quote: Sergey S.
                      Do not be ashamed to write this ....

                      I am even proud that the Russian weapons of 1877 fought with dignity in WWII.

                      And this, by the way, is far from not only the mentioned gun, but also three-inch ones, etc., etc.
                      Quote: Sergey S.
                      Then let's try to attract specialists.
                      Let them talk about the use of Mark tanks and ships from Adam in WWII ....
                      To draw examples by the ears is not a method for intellectuals; it will not allow you to triumph in a dispute.

                      pulling "ear pull" to an appropriate example - funny
                      Quote: Sergey S.
                      And the story you need to know not from political textbooks, and not from articles on the internet, but on specialist level in technical facilities and production technologiesa.

                      belay recourse request lol

                      Quote: Olgovich
                      Yes, and count how many times in WWII the Allies spat on the ardent requests to open a second front ..

                      That is, you justify the moral ugliness of geyevropy ???
                      Just to tease the "commies"?
                      Or some other personal reasons?
                      It seemed to me that the Whites and the Reds had similar positions regarding the allies based on the results of their activities - Western allies at different times "threw" us, forgetting about conscience and honor. ...

                      What is "morality", "conscience" in ... politics and in relations between states? lol

                      Everyone pursues their own interests and the art of diplomacy does not consist in gloomy howls about "morality". and in the ability to use their strengths and other people's weaknesses, for its benefits.
              3. Sergey S.
                Sergey S. 16 May 2020 13: 14 New
                +4
                Quote: Olgovich
                Yes, and count how many times in WWII the Allies spat on the ardent requests to open a second front ..

                That is, you justify the moral ugliness of geyevropy ???
                Just to tease the "commies"?
                Or some other personal reasons?
                It seemed to me that the Whites and the Reds had similar positions regarding the allies based on the results of their activities - Western allies at different times "threw" us, forgetting about conscience and honor. ...
              4. Kronos
                Kronos 16 May 2020 18: 46 New
                +4
                In general, the arms were just not enough for the troops of the Russian Empire as far as the end of the war, shell shortage and one rifle for three from there was this despite the fact that the war was going on mainly on enemy territory
        2. Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
          Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko 16 May 2020 18: 24 New
          0
          Well, Vasily Ivanovich would have saved and she would have remained alive, then maybe the Reds would have risen to the corps or army commissar, but ... 1937-38 broke out. and they would remember her and the telegram to the tsar, and vacillations with the Provisional Government, and flirting with the whites, or, even worse, with Trotsky himself! ... So, in any way she could not defend Sevastopol. With many of our alternative desires and dreams. Only one thing - she was a great patriot of Russia. But the rest is not what I chose. But we will remember her! Bright memory to her.
          1. Sergey S.
            Sergey S. 16 May 2020 18: 59 New
            +1
            Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
            ... but ... broke out in 1937-38. and they would remember her and the telegram to the king, and vacillations with the Provisional Government ....

            Politics always takes into account the mood among the masses. Our trouble is that the Bolsheviks did not succeed immediately in seizing power to attract the moderate. If people like Bochkareva had joined the Red Army, perhaps the mood among the masses would not have been so aggressive, and this would have kept the country from the terror that is now being actively discussed.
            Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
            So, in any way she could not defend Sevastopol .....

            I suppose that Bochkareva would not play political games ... However, if the indicator of determining the enemies of the people were as it is known from history, you are right.
            Quote: Andrey Zhdanov-Nedilko
            Only one thing - she was a great patriot of Russia.

            I agree.
        3. Marine engineer
          Marine engineer 16 May 2020 21: 58 New
          0
          “And in the Great Patriotic War Sevastopol would help.”

          How so?
          With its "denseness", the Military Council of the COP would simply use it, as it needed.
      4. TANKISTONE
        TANKISTONE 16 May 2020 23: 21 New
        0
        For what, for what? Against who? If relatives had not divorced Nicholas to the war, which was intended to destroy the Russian autocracy, the revolution would have come about, but later, according to a different scenario. The people are boiling!
      5. UrraletZ
        UrraletZ 20 May 2020 14: 21 New
        -1
        Die your whiteness ...
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 20 May 2020 14: 57 New
          0
          Quote: UrraletZ
          Die your whiteness ...

          1. poke your lol wife lol will be.

          2. Nothing to say, do not meddle.

    3. Uncle Izya
      Uncle Izya 16 May 2020 10: 16 New
      +5
      M. Bochkarev at a reception at W. Wilson, USA, 1918
      Yeah or fought on the side of the Entente against Soviet Russia
    4. Bar1
      Bar1 16 May 2020 11: 58 New
      +1
      the movie has already been filmed feature "Women's battalion" Avramenko and Kozhevnikov in the main roles. The impression is of course ambiguous or even more than double. There are many different nuances. War does not have a woman's face. Okay, if they just kill, and if the injury and disability? For a woman in life, the main beauty is the main condition to draw attention to herself, and what if disability? That is, given the shortage of men after the war, a woman is doomed to remain a loner or an immoral and a single mother.
      On the other hand, they showed high discipline and even the training of this battalion, at the end of the film the battalion fiercely defends itself from the Germans' attacks and valiantly fights hardly having received help at the end. Heroes, heroines.

      1. DimanC
        DimanC 16 May 2020 16: 38 New
        +5
        The film is extremely mixed. For example, it is not shown why this is suddenly all the men refused to fight. What happened? Just because the Germans brought snabs and sausages? Apparently, they didn’t get their sausages to the front, and the Germans, under the British naval blockade, could drag our schnabs and sausages ...
        Preparation of the battalion - again copy-paste of the "All-metal shell". Already sick. They can't come up with anything original ...
        And so on ...
    5. vladcub
      vladcub 16 May 2020 17: 31 New
      +4
      The namesake, in a civil war there is not and cannot be white and fluffy.
      There may be complete scum and relatively decent.
      Eternal damnation to those who kindle or will kindle a civil war
      1. Kote Pan Kokhanka
        Kote Pan Kokhanka 16 May 2020 18: 36 New
        +6
        Quote: vladcub
        The namesake, in a civil war there is not and cannot be white and fluffy.
        There may be complete scum and relatively decent.
        Eternal damnation to those who kindle or will kindle a civil war

        The namesake, I already remembered why my great-grandfather - a ginger, went to fight for the Reds! The cousin uncle was slashed at the death of a white whale. I think my mother’s second great-grandfather, too, didn’t move from white to red in 1918! On the paternal side, despite the fact that he served as a dam foreman, my great-grandfather was an ideological communist since 1905, and the second blacksmith I don’t know about whether he fought in civilian life. He was a member of the party since 1919. Great-great-grandfather was a mayor, before that a squad for the gendarme corps! He sat the whole civilian on the bench! The only thing that brought up 6 children of relatives of 3 street children! His daughter, my great-grandmother Tasia, turned her head to my great-grandfather, who instead of being dressed put on a Chekist’s leather jacket. That he was recalled, after a year and a half, by sending him to his village of Atig in 1938! Where he rose to the chairman of the village council for three years. He fought in the Urals Volunteer Corps - an ordinary, although he was dismissed from service in the NKVD as a senior major.
        Great-grandfather - a Cossack, was exiled to Siberia, like a fist and NEPovets, there he perished. But a family of 12 children remained in Kashigach. He was not mentioned, my grandmother, according to the memories of my mother, even forbade her to mention her maiden name. But this did not stop her grandfather from serving her husband for 15 years in the NKVD from 1938-1953.
        Somewhere like that. Civil war is a combination of conventions and circumstances, obviously a bloody event without truth and honor.
      2. Kronos
        Kronos 16 May 2020 18: 48 New
        -1
        Civil war always erupts due to contradictions in a strong society an objective historical process
  2. Free wind
    Free wind 16 May 2020 06: 12 New
    +9
    The author does not write the truth, although I can only count to those, I did not count more than two crosses. She wandered around the countries and asked for help to fight against the Russians. She’s not a beautiful woman, but she didn’t make a little face at the reception, probably they put plasters from half past midday. It was not for nothing that the men drank with her, but they were surely infected, the men might not have been exiled, they themselves fled from such happiness, and she was right there. But even she has interesting memories of the ragged Russian army, it is about the excellent supply of troops. Well, and especially nobody loved her, she was extremely sadistic in nature, many women in their sophistication surpass men. Spanked, there and the road. Looks like she left a bloody trail in the vastness of Siberia, and many were forgiven.
    1. Vladimir_2U
      Vladimir_2U 16 May 2020 06: 31 New
      +1
      Quote: Free Wind
      Extremely not beautiful woman

      A woman is like a woman, but it is true that she did not contact those. Or maybe it's good, otherwise they would reproach the Reds in her sadism now. But figs knows about sadism, while these are just your words.
      1. Free wind
        Free wind 16 May 2020 07: 20 New
        0
        Yes, these are just my words, but it doesn’t seem strange to you that Kornilov, Denikin, Marushevsky, far from sentimental personalities, tried to distance themselves from this feminine. But doesn’t it seem strange to you that, judging by the article, she didn’t do anything, she only tried, but she was nevertheless spanked, although quite a few were released. Yes, and you can understand it, but you can’t forgive that neither a man beats his face, you will be ill-assured. They shot it at the age of 21, you must admit that it’s strange.
        1. cost
          cost 16 May 2020 08: 10 New
          11
          The only woman who became the full St. George Knight

          It is not true. She didn’t have a St. George’s bow.
          Bochkareva was awarded two Insignia of the Military Order of St. George and two St. George medals "For courage. For a complete St. George's bow, she lacked two Georgiev and two medals.
          Photo Bochkareva with awards

    2. Olgovich
      Olgovich 16 May 2020 10: 43 New
      -11
      Quote: Free Wind
      fight against the Russians,

      Gussians fought against the Russians with such their result by 1918

      and this is the result of the "Gussaks" by 1940: this is exactly how much remains of Russia

      the result of their work, see for the window minus 5 million km2 from Russia and the Russian Cross For Russians.

      Quote: Free Wind
      Extremely not a beautiful woman, though at the receptionher face was a little bit trimmed, probably stuck with half a half.

      "a well-mannered person writes about a WOMAN, you can see it right away! yes lol

      his wife. interesting. also "flattens the face with plaster? yes
      Quote: Free Wind
      Well, and especially nobody loved her, she was extremely sadistic in nature, many women in their sophistication surpass men.

      whether someone has the right. not a moment fighting at the front for the Fatherland. in such a tone to talk about front-line soldiers. voluntarily giving their lives for him?

      not the slightest ..
      Quote: Free Wind
      Spanked, there and the road. Looks like she left a bloody trail in the vastness of Siberia

      spanked is "tovagischi in the struggle", their own comrades, the red hegoys of the civil war, the supreme leader of the Red Army and the Chief of Staff of the Red Army until 1926, the first message of the so-called. SNK and Politburo, chairman of the Council of Ministers. People's Commissars, etc., and so forth - mixing them. previously, with slops and trampled into dust and breaking them.

      And Maria Leontyevna Bochkareva, a volunteer of the Second World War, is a front-line soldier. several times wounded, the St. George cavalier died with honor.
      1. Sergey S.
        Sergey S. 16 May 2020 11: 33 New
        +3
        Quote: Olgovich
        the result of their work, see for the window, minus 5 million km2 from Russia and the Russian Cross for Russians.

        Lies.
        Insolent and ...
        The result of their work is the USSR, Victory, Gagarin 350 million Russian speakers, and a world without major wars for 75 years.
        And the success of our doctors in saving people from COVID-19.
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 16 May 2020 12: 29 New
          -6
          Quote: Sergey S.
          Lies.
          Insolent and ..

          True. See Borders of Russia and the Demography of Russians, unlearned.

          Look at the WINDOW, finally -these borders of the 17th century and extinction by 1992, exclusively YOUR "achievements".

          Quote: Sergey S.
          The result of their work is the USSR, Victory, Gagarin 350 million Russian speakers, and a world without major wars for 75 years.

          without yours, the 45th year would already be in 1918 city .

          stupid foreign tourists from Switzerland had nothing to do with achievements - there wasn’t one scientist among them (painfully stupid turned out to be) and they didn’t bring a single scientist or teacher from Switzerland, as well as money, except for dirty holey socks

          All the achievements are the achievements of RUSSIAN scholars learned by RUSSIAN professors in RUSSIAN imperial universities. These are the FACTS.
      2. Vladimir61
        Vladimir61 16 May 2020 14: 23 New
        +2
        Quote: Olgovich
        the result of their work, see for the window, minus 5 million km2 from Russia and the Russian Cross for Russians.
        With the exception of Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan, everything that used to live on subsidies from these republics fell off!
        1. Olgovich
          Olgovich 16 May 2020 15: 21 New
          -2
          Quote: Vladimir61
          With the exception of Ukraine, Belarus and Kazakhstan, everything that used to live on subsidies from these republics fell off!


          except Belarus-ALL lived on the neck of Russia.

          indirect subsidies, for example, of tiny Moldova from the RSFSR made up 300 million rubles annually. reaching by 1989 1 billion rubles!

          At that rate, it's ..... 1,5 billion dollars! belay

          So there!
        2. Sergej1972
          Sergej1972 16 May 2020 19: 56 New
          +1
          These 4 republics just make up almost 80% of the territory of what "fell off"!
    3. Bar1
      Bar1 16 May 2020 12: 13 New
      +1
      Quote: Free Wind
      asked to help fight against the Russians,

      Well, the first Bolshevik government was 90% Jewish
      so she fought not against the Russians, but for the Russians.

      Quote: Free Wind
      Well, especially nobody loved her, she was extremely sadistic in nature,


      the women's battalion was voluntary, so no one forced to endure rudeness. It is unlikely that it was sadistic. But at least there is a link, or are you chatting like that?
    4. vladcub
      vladcub 16 May 2020 17: 39 New
      +2
      Wind, do not slander Bochkareva. She is not a bloody trail.
  3. Gardamir
    Gardamir 16 May 2020 07: 18 New
    +1
    This is all too little now, but in my childhood they were called "half-man".
    And then, if the author wanted to make a positive image, why didn’t he compare with the cavalryman the girl Nadezhda Durova?
    And in the third, she collaborated with foreign countries, like Gorbachev and Yeltsin.
    1. Squelcher
      Squelcher 16 May 2020 10: 38 New
      +3
      And didn’t grandfather Lenin go abroad?
    2. Squelcher
      Squelcher 16 May 2020 15: 57 New
      -3
      From 1905 to April 1917, Lenin spent about 199 days in Russia, and for the last ten years he never appeared at home. It is a shame for the followers of Leninists not to know the story of their leader.
      1. Gardamir
        Gardamir 16 May 2020 16: 22 New
        +1
        I am ashamed of the followers
        And you follower. Gorbachev-Yeltsin -, .., isn't it a shame? Gorbachev asked for help from foreigners, Yeltsin completely betrayed, well, Bochkarev
        In England, Maria Bochkareva met with King George V and Minister of War W. Churchill. She requested financial and material assistance for the White Army.
        1. Squelcher
          Squelcher 17 May 2020 02: 48 New
          -4
          For Bochkareva, the revolutionaries were traitors and terrorist killers, which was confirmed after the victory of the revolutionaries, only 37-38 officially shot 742 thousand people. So, I see nothing bad in Bochkareva’s appeal for help, as in the Lend-Lease of the USSR during the war.
          At the expense of Yeltsin and Gorbachev, these are the products of the CPSU, such a society was built in 70 years of undivided power, which had to begged to beg potential enemies.
          In the third, I repeat once again, in order to be a person, to study, develop and take care of my relatives, I do not need to emphasize Stalin, Yeltsin, Putin, Lenin, the Fuhrer or the bulk necessary.
  4. bober1982
    bober1982 16 May 2020 07: 29 New
    +6
    Kornilov handed the commander a revolver and a saber......., from the article.
    Here, indeed, the truth about the general was said that his heart was like that of a lion, and his head was like that of a ram.
    Lavr Georgievich handed out the St. George crosses to the notorious Timofey Kirpichnikov, and handed out revolvers to the ladies, and he walked around with a red bow.
    1. Obliterator
      Obliterator 5 August 2020 03: 19 New
      0
      Quote: bober1982
      Lavr Georgievich, and handed out St. George's crosses to the notorious Timofey Kirpichnikov

      But Alexander Pavlovich duly rewarded this man.
  5. Undecim
    Undecim 16 May 2020 08: 01 New
    15
    "The only woman who became a complete St. George Knight ..." [/ i]
    Maria Bochkareva was not a complete cavalier of St. George. This is not true.
    She had four St. George's awards - two crosses, two medals and a silver medal "For Zeal" on the Stanislavskaya ribbon. It is with them that she is depicted in photographs after being promoted to officer, including the one given at the end of the article.
    Comparison with Joan of Arc is completely inappropriate. Jeanne d'Arc fought against the foreign invaders, and Bochkareva invited invaders to Russia.
    1. Stirbjorn
      Stirbjorn 16 May 2020 11: 28 New
      10
      Quote: Undecim
      Comparison with Joan of Arc is completely inappropriate. Jeanne d'Arc fought against the foreign invaders, and Bochkareva invited invaders to Russia.

      I agree, the comparison is completely incorrect ... Jeanne d'Arc was not just a fight, but a symbol of the fight against the British, and Bochkareva was a symbol of which, it’s completely incomprehensible .. the author himself admits that he put the wrong horse, in fact, so I don’t see any ideology.
  6. cost
    cost 16 May 2020 08: 22 New
    +4
    100 years ago, on May 16, 1920, Maria Bochkareva, nicknamed the Russian Joan of Arc, was shot. The only woman who became the full St. George Knight, creator of the first female battalion in the history of Russia.

    Russian biographer Bochkareva, candidate of historical sciences S.V. Drokov, believes that she was not shot: Isaac Don Levin rescued her from the Krasnoyarsk dungeons. Together with him, she went to Harbin, where she met a fellow widow who became her husband. Having changed her surname, Bochkareva allegedly lived on the CER until 1927, until she shared the fate of Russian families forcibly deported to Soviet Russia. She loved her husband’s sons who died during the Great Patriotic War
    1. Free wind
      Free wind 16 May 2020 16: 06 New
      +3
      No one forcibly deported the Russians. China forbade non-citizens to work on the CER. but did not provide citizenship. Therefore, many moved to the USSR, who had a stigma in the cannon, and especially who preferred to stay in black feathers. They enthusiastically accepted the Yap invasion, but broke off, they were not Germans, they did not care about such assistants. And yes, the Russian fascist union acted in harbin, these are the things. recourse
  7. cost
    cost 16 May 2020 08: 25 New
    +3
    Maria Bochkareva was rehabilitated in 1992.

    Conclusion
    9th of January 1992
    APPROVED
    Prosecutor of the Omsk Region State Counselor of Justice, 3rd grade
    Yu. A. Yakunin
    Regarding Bochkareva Maria Leontyevna.
    The resolution of the Omsk GubChK dated May 15, 1920 defined the execution.
    In the case there are no documents on the enforcement of the sentence. No charge was filed. Witnesses in this case were not involved. From the conclusion of the case it was established that the prosecution of M. L. Bochkareva was based only on her testimony [...]
    Bochkareva Maria Leontyevna is fully rehabilitated in accordance with the Law of the RSFSR of October 18, 1991 “On the rehabilitation of victims of political repression”
    1. vladcub
      vladcub 18 May 2020 16: 40 New
      +2
      "the accusation of M. L. Bochkareva was based only on her testimony" very "weighty reasons" with equal success one can turn the Bible against the Lord, if there is a desire, and the investigator has already decided everything
  8. cost
    cost 16 May 2020 08: 27 New
    +7
    The sentence of the Cheka of the 5th Army in the case of Bochkareva
    1. cost
      cost 16 May 2020 08: 57 New
      +5
      The investigation case of Maria Leontyevna Bochkareva is stored in the archive of the Office of the FSB in the Omsk Region
    2. vladcub
      vladcub 18 May 2020 17: 08 New
      0
      I’m not going to praise or curse Bochkarev, but: 2 George and 2 St. George medals are significant. And how many Pobolotin, or Pavlunovsky and Shimanovsky had Georgiev or St. George medals?
  9. The comment was deleted.
  10. cost
    cost 16 May 2020 08: 49 New
    +4
    Some rare photos of the female battalion








    1. cost
      cost 16 May 2020 08: 51 New
      +5
      A few rare photos of the female battalion. Continuation








  11. Kronos
    Kronos 16 May 2020 10: 16 New
    +6
    She is far from Jeanne Dark
    1. vladcub
      vladcub 18 May 2020 17: 11 New
      0
      Well, I’m hot, Ark stuck for a red word
  12. Shadow
    Shadow 16 May 2020 11: 09 New
    -5
    A man-reproach of cowardice and selfishness, which has mastered society and the army. A very sad and outrageous situation is when a warrior instead of fighting gets drunk and yells, and a woman who has shown much more courage than the creature that mistakenly got the Y chromosome has to take on his responsibilities.
  13. Gardamir
    Gardamir 16 May 2020 11: 21 New
    +9
    Here's an example
    Maria Vasilyevna Oktyabrskaya; 1905-1944) - Soviet tank soldier, participant in the Great Patriotic War, Hero of the Soviet Union.
    During the war years, she paid for her own savings for the construction of the T-34 “Battle girlfriend” tank and became its driver.

    Fought against the invaders. In the civil war is not seen. I did not ask for help from foreign capitalists. However...
  14. Molot1979
    Molot1979 24 July 2020 10: 56 New
    +1
    Jeanne saved France and really turned the tide of the entire war. Maria Bochkareva did not save the country and did not change the course of the war. So where are these comparisons? Purely by gender? Well, then I am the Russian Napoleon Bonaparte!